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Carbon ion

Marcelina Pyschik, Marcel Klein-Hitpaß, Sabrina Girod, Martin Winter, Sascha Nowak
In this study, an optimized method using capillary electrophoresis (CE) with a direct contactless conductivity detector (C(4) D) for a new application field is presented for the quantification of fluoride in common used lithium - ion battery (LIB) electrolyte using LiPF6 in organic carbonate solvents and in ionic liquids (ILs) after contacted to Li metal. The method development for finding the right buffer and the suitable CE conditions for the quantification of fluoride was investigated. The results of the concentration of fluoride in different LIB electrolyte samples were compared to the results from the ion-selective electrode (ISE)...
October 22, 2016: Electrophoresis
Giulia Marvaso, Barbara Vischioni, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, Delia Ciardo, Piero Fossati, Tommaso Giandini, Sara Morlino, Mauro Carrara, Paola Romanelli, Elvio Russi, Francesca Valvo, Riccardo Valdagni, Roberto Orecchia
Hadrontherapy has been in constant progress in the past decades. Due to the increasing interest in this field and the spreading of the technique in Italy and worldwide, the Italian Society of Radiation Oncology surveyed (by an online survey) its members regarding their perception of hadrontherapy. The survey outline addressed different items all related to hadrontherapy, such as: demographics (3 items), personal knowledge (5 items), actual use in clinical practice (5 items), and future perspectives and development (5 items)...
October 21, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Lin Cheng, BingGuo Wei, Ling Ling He, Ling Mao, Jie Zhang, JinXiang Ceng, DeRong Sun, ChaDan Chen, HanFeng Cui, Nian Hong, Hao Fan
A novel "off-On" electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor has been developed for the detection of mercury(II) based on molecular recognition technology. The ECL mercury(II) biosensor comprises two main parts: an ECL substrate and an ECL intensity switch. The ECL substrate was made by modifying the complex of Ruthenium(II) tris-(bipyridine)(Ru(bpy)3(2+))/Cyclodextrins-Au nanoparticles(CD-AuNps)/Nafion on the surface of glass carbon electrode (GCE), and the ECL intensity switch is the single hairpin DNA probe designed according to the "molecular recognition" strategy which was functionalized with ferrocene tag at one end and attached to Cyclodextrins (CD) on modified GCE through supramolecular noncovalent interaction...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Ya-Chu Chang, Yu-Syuan Lin, Guan-Ting Xiao, Tai-Chia Chiu, Cho-Chun Hu
A turn-off fluorescence sensor synthesized by combining copper (II) oxide and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used for measuring glyphosate based on the inhibiting the catalytic activity of the CuO/MWCNTs. This sensor was synthesized by precipitating copper ions onto the acidic MWCNTs under basic conditions; the resulting material was characterized by the transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to confirm its structure. The CuO/MWCNTs nanomaterial was found to exhibit high peroxidase-like catalytic activity toward the reduction of H2O2 to H2O and the oxidation of Amplex Red to resorufin, with a corresponding color change from pink to red and the fluorescence enhancement...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Yanhong Ma, Ziang Zhang, Yueling Xu, Ming Ma, Bo Chen, Lin Wei, Lehui Xiao
In this work, we demonstrated a convenient and green strategy for the synthesis of bright and water-soluble carbon dots (CDs) by carbonizing sodium citrate and glutathione together in a hydrothermal method for the first time. Without post surface modification, the as-synthesized CDs display fluorescence quantum yield (QY) as high as 21.03% and show superior stability not only in concentrated salt solutions but also in neutral and alkaline media. The probe exhibits selective and sensitive recognition capability towards mercury ion (Hg(2+)) in aqueous solution...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Per J R Sjöberg, Pernilla Thelin, Emil Rydin
A method for isomeric separation of inositol phosphates (InsPn) in environmental samples originating from different sources such as soil, manure/compost, and aquatic sediments has been developed. The method includes a single NaOH-EDTA extraction step, centrifugation and direct injection of a particle free solution into an ion chromatographic column. Isomeric liquid chromatographic separation was achieved with an ammonium carbonate gradient compatible with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric detection (LC-ESI-MS/MS)...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Isabel P G Fernandes, Ana Maria Oliveira-Brett
Calmodulin (CaM) is an essential protein present in all eukaryote cells, ranging from vertebrates to unicellular organisms. CaM is the most important Ca(2+) signalling protein, composed of two domains, N- and C-terminal domains, linked by a flexible central α-helix, and is responsible for the regulation of numerous calcium-mediated signalling pathways. Four calcium ions bind to CaM, changing its conformation and determining how it recognizes and regulates its cellular targets. The oxidation mechanism of native and denatured CaM, at a glassy carbon electrode, was investigated using differential pulse voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
October 7, 2016: Bioelectrochemistry
Tong Zhao, Lingxiao Yang, Weida Yan, Junmei Zhang, Wei Lu, Yumeng Yang, Jianmin Chen, Wenxing Wang
Daytime and night-time PM1 and PM2.5 samples were simultaneously collected at the summit of Mount Tai during summer and autumn 2014. The mass concentrations and chemical compositions were analysed to determine the temporal variations of PM1 and PM2.5 and their contributions to visibility impairment. In summer, the average mass concentrations of PM1 and PM2.5 were 38.16μg/m(3) and 53.33μg/m(3), respectively. In autumn, the values were 42.75μg/m(3) and 59.16μg/m(3). Water-soluble inorganic ions were the most abundant species in both PM1 and PM2...
October 18, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Simon Felz, Salah Al-Zuhairy, Olav Andreas Aarstad, Mark C M van Loosdrecht, Yue Mei Lin
To evaluate and develop methodologies for the extraction of gel-forming extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), EPS from aerobic granular sludge (AGS) was extracted using six different methods (centrifugation, sonication, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), formamide with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), formaldehyde with NaOH and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) with heat and constant mixing). AGS was collected from a pilot wastewater treatment reactor. The ionic gel-forming property of the extracted EPS of the six different extraction methods was tested with calcium ions (Ca(2+))...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mangesh I Chaudhari, Jijeesh R Nair, Lawrence R Pratt, Fernando A Soto, Perla B Balbuena, Susan Rempe
Lithium ion solvation and diffusion properties in ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) are studied by molecular simulation, experiments, and electronic structure calculations. Studies carried out in water provide a reference for interpretation. Classical molecular dynamics simulation results are compared to ab initio molecular dynamics to as- sess non-polarizable force field parameters for solvation structure of the carbonate solvents. Quasi-chemical theory (QCT) is adapted to take advantage of four-fold occupancy of the near-neighbor solvation structure observed in simulations, and used to calculate solvation free energies...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Qingwang Lian, Gang Zhou, Xiaohui Zeng, Chen Wu, Yuehua Wei, Chao Cui, Weifeng Wei, Libao Chen, Cheng-Chao Li
Carbon coated SnS/SnO2 heterostructures wrapping on the carbon nanofibers (C@SnS/SnO2@CNFs) was demonstrated to have excellent performance as an anode material for Li-ion batteries. C@SnS/SnO2@CNFs electrode deliver high reversible capacity of 826.8 mAh g(-1) (500(th) cycle) at the current density of 1.0 A g(-1). However, an interesting phenomenon of increasing capacity on cycling can be observed. According to the analysis of the evolution of structure and electrochemical property, C@SnS/SnO2@CNFs is demonstrated to experience the progress of conversion from nanowalls containing polycrystals into amorphous nanosheets with high porosity and larger surface upon cycling...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhi-Long Yu, Sen Xin, Ya You, Le Yu, Yue Lin, Da-Wei Xu, Chan Qiao, Zhi-Hong Huang, Ning Yang, Shu-Hong Yu, John B Goodenough
Hard carbons attract myriad interests as anode materials for high-energy rechargeable batteries due to their low costs and high theoretical capacities; practically they deliver unsatisfied performance due to their intrinsically disordered microarchitecture. Here we report a facile ion-catalyzed synthesis of phenol-formaldehyde resin-based hard carbon aerogel by taking advantages of the chelation effect of phenol and Fe3+, which consists of a three-dimensionally interconnected carbon network embedded with hydrogen-rich, ordered microstructures of expanded nanographites and carbon micropores...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ondřej Jankovský, Michal Nováček, Jan Luxa, David Sedmidubský, Vlastimil Fila, Martin Pumera, Zdeněk Sofer
A new member of the family of graphene derivatives, namely, graphene acid with a composition close to C1 (COOH)1 , was prepared by oxidation of graphene oxide. The synthetic procedure is based on repeated oxidation of graphite with potassium permanganate in an acidic environment. The oxidation process was studied in detail after each step. The multiple oxidations led to oxidative removal of other oxygen functional groups formed in the first oxidation step. Detailed chemical analysis showed only a minor amount of other oxygen-containing functional groups such as hydroxyl and the dominant presence of carboxyl groups in a concentration of about 30 wt %...
October 21, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jiyu Hu, Feng Qian, Guosheng Song, Wenyao Li, Linlin Wang
Large-area ultrafine MnO2 nanowire arrays (NWA) directly grew on a carbon fiber (CF, used as a substrate) by a simple electrochemical method, forming three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical heterostructures of a CF@MnO2 NWA composite. As an electrode for supercapacitors, the CF@MnO2 NWA composite exhibits excellent electrochemical performances including high specific capacitance (321.3 F g(-1) at 1000 mA g(-1)) and good rate capability. Further, the overall capacitance retention is ~99.7 % capacitance after 3000 cycles...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
John J Guardiola, Juliane I Beier, K Cameron Falkner, Benjamin Wheeler, Craig James McClain, Matt Cave
BACKGROUND: Occupational vinyl chloride (VC) exposures have been associated with toxicant-associated steatohepatitis and liver cancer. Metabolomics has been used to clarify mode of action in drug-induced liver injury but has not been performed following VC exposures. METHODS: Plasma samples from 17 highly exposed VC workers without liver cancer and 27 unexposed healthy volunteers were obtained for metabolite extraction and GC/MS and LC/MS(2) analysis. Following ion identification/quantification, Ingenuity pathway analysis was performed...
October 17, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Biswa Nath Bhadra, Pill Won Seo, Nazmul Abedin Khan, Sung Hwa Jhung
Two highly porous Co-based metal-azolate frameworks (MAFs), MAF-5(Co) and MAF-6(Co), which are isostructural with MAF-5(Zn) and MAF-6(Zn), respectively, were first synthesized in high yield and purity at room temperature. The syntheses compared two mixing methods, slow and fast, using cobalt acetate as the metal ion (Co(2+)) source and 2-ethylimidazole as the ligand. Triethylamine was applied as an additive/promoter in aqueous/ethanol solutions, and benzene and cyclohexane were used as hydrophobic templates...
October 20, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Zhong-Xia Wang, Fen-Ying Kong, Wei Wang
Graphene quantum dots-like structures of highly enriched nitrogen-based dual-color single-functional polymer carbon nanosheets (GLNPCNs) with an average diameter as large as 170 nm (~5 layers) are prepared by a facile hydrothermal method. Intermolecular C5H5N5···C5H5N5 or/and C2H5OH chemical polymerization interactions in the liquid state of the peripheral crown ether-like "hole" decorated compound GLNPCNs lead to a fascinating 2D supramolecular polymer architecture, which exhibits near-ultraviolet (NUV) fluorescence, narrow full width at half maximum, and excellent practical application capability...
October 20, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jinlong Cui, Yongfu Cui, Shaohui Li, Hongliang Sun, Zhongsheng Wen, Juncai Sun
Micro-sized porous SiOx@C composites used as anode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are synthesized from rice husks (RHs) through low-temperature (700 °C) aluminothermic reduction. The resulting SiOx@C composite shows mesoporous irregular particle morphology with a high specific surface area of 597.06 m2/g under the optimized reduction time. This porous SiOx@C composite is constructed by SiOx nanoparticles uniformly dispersed in the C matrix. When tested as anode material for LIBs, it displays considerable specific capacity (1230 mAh/g at a current density of 0...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhi Zhao, Nasser Hamdan, Li Shen, Hanqing Nan, Abdullah Almajed, Edward Kavazanjian, Ximin He
We have developed a novel method to synthesize a hyper-branched bio-mimetic hydrogel network across a soil matrix to improve the mechanical strength of the loose soil and simultaneously mitigate potential contamination due to a harmful by-product. This method successfully yielded a hierarchical structure that possesses the water retention, ion absorption, and soil aggregation capabilities of plant root systems in a chemically controllable manner. Inspired by the robust organic-inorganic composites found in many living organisms, we have combined this hydrogel network with a calcite biomineralization process to stabilize soil...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Olivier Duverger, Takahiro Ohara, Paul W Bible, Angela Zah, Maria I Morasso
Patients with Tricho-Dento-Osseous syndrome, an ectodermal dysplasia caused by mutations in the homeodomain transcription factor DLX3, exhibit enamel hypoplasia and hypomineralization. Here we used a conditional knockout mouse model to investigate the developmental and molecular consequences of Dlx3 deletion in the dental epithelium in vivo. Dlx3 deletion in the dental epithelium resulted in the formation of chalky hypomineralized enamel in all teeth. Interestingly, transcriptomic analysis revealed that major enamel matrix proteins and proteases known to be involved in enamel secretion and maturation were not affected significantly by Dlx3 deletion in the enamel organ...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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