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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356132/participatory-development-of-incentives-to-coexist-with-jaguars-and-pumas
#1
Ronit Amit, Susan K Jacobson
Reducing costs and increasing benefits for rural communities coexisting with large carnivores is necessary for conservation of jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor). To design acceptable incentives, stakeholders must be involved in the process. We conducted an innovative structured group communication process, based on a Delphi technique, as a template for identifying potential incentives. Community workshops with 133 members of 7 communities and iterative surveys with 25 multidisciplinary experts from government, NGOs and academia provided iterative data to design a plan of incentives through 4 rounds of discussion...
January 22, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355983/early-injection-laryngoplasty-may-lower-risk-of-thyroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Peter M Vila, Neel K Bhatt, Randal C Paniello
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether injection laryngoplasty within 6 months following the onset of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) decreases the rate of permanent thyroplasty in adults. DATA SOURCES: Search strategies created by a medical librarian were implemented in multiple online research databases. REVIEW METHODS: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were designed to capture randomized clinical trials and cohort studies examining adults with UVFP who received injection laryngoplasty early in the course of treatment, within 6 months of onset, or who were observed...
January 22, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355337/managing-the-harmful-effects-of-unsupportive-organizations-during-pregnancy
#3
Laura M Little, Amanda S Hinojosa, Samantha Paustian-Underdahl, Kate P Zipay
Unfortunately, not all organizations are supportive of employees' family lives. Family unsupportive workplaces can be stressful for all employees and particularly for pregnant women, who carry a physical reminder of their family life. In the present study, we draw on conservation of resources (COR) theory (Hobfoll, 1989, 2001) to investigate how women manage family unsupportive organizational perceptions during pregnancy via social identity-based impression management behaviors as well as how these strategies relate to changes in stress and changes in conflict between work and family...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355160/predictive-factors-of-management-outcome-in-adult-patients-with-mechanical-intestinal-obstruction
#4
Adebambo Olalekan Bankole, Adedapo Olumide Osinowo, Adedoyin Adekunle Adesanya
BACKGROUND: Mechanical intestinal obstruction (MIO) is a common and potentially fatal surgical emergency, which constitutes about 20% of all admissions to the surgical emergency departments. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive factors of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing treatment for MIO at our tertiary hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of consecutive patients, 18 years and above, that presented with features of MIO during a 1-year period (May 2014 to April 2015)...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354590/conservative-management-of-a-dentigerous-cyst-associated-with-eruption-of-teeth-in-a-7-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#5
Onur Şahin
Dentigerous cysts are benign odontogenic cysts that are related to the crowns of permanent teeth. The lesion in this study was detected in a routine panoramic radiograph that revealed a well-defined osteolytic lesion that measured 2.5 cm in diameter, with the crown of the mandibular permanent second premolar displaced to the lower border of the mandible. The apex of the tooth was still open. The aim of this article was to report the case of a 7-year-old girl with a dentigerous cyst associated with the tooth buds of premolars...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354464/arthroscopic-arthrodesis-of-the-lesser-ray-tarsometatarsal-joints-2-portal-technique
#6
Tun Hing Lui
Tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) destruction of the tarsometatarsal articulation of the lesser rays is most commonly due to midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. Tarsometatarsal arthrodesis is indicated when conservative management cannot relieve the symptoms. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe a minimally invasive approach of arthroscopic arthrodesis of the destructed lesser ray tarsometatarsal joints. The arthroscopic procedure is performed through the lateral and P1-2 Lisfranc portals. It has the advantages of better cosmesis, less wound complication, less bone resection, and more thorough joint debridement...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354429/mini-open-incision-sports-hernia-repair-a-surgical-technique-for-core-muscle-injury
#7
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Erica Simone, Richard C Novak, Benton A Emblom
One cause of groin pain in highly active patients may be a core muscle injury, commonly referred to as sports hernia. When patients fail nonoperative management, there are a number of surgical options that may be pursued. Typically, they will involve the direct repair of the rectus abdominis back to the pubis. However, we believe that this repair can be further strengthened by the appropriate lengthening of the adductor longus from the conjoined tendon. Therefore, we present a surgical technique that involves both rectus abdominis repair and adductor longus lengthening in those who show a core muscle injury that is refractory to conservative management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354426/acromioclavicular-joint-dislocation-repair-through-open-ligament-transfer-and-nonabsorbable-suture-fixation
#8
Ricardo Canquerini da Silva, Bruno Silveira Pavei, Márcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Luiza Barbosa Horta Barbosa, João L Ellera Gomes
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint instability is a fairly common and particularly limiting injury that may result in persistent pain and reduced quality of life. In most cases, conservative management is successful. However, in the case of a severe AC joint dislocation, surgical intervention may be warranted. Previous surgical techniques for treatment of AC joint instability include screw fixation between the coracoid and clavicle, coracoacromial ligament transfer from its acromial insertion to the clavicle, and reconstruction of the coracoacromial and/or coracoclavicular ligaments...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354405/arthroscopic-pancapsular-shift-with-labral-repair-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-shoulder
#9
Salvatore J Frangiamore, Sandeep Mannava, Jonathan A Godin, Jack Anavian, Erik M Fritz, Peter J Millett
Initial treatment of shoulder multidirectional instability (MDI) consists of nonoperative modalities of physical therapy and rehabilitation; if this fails, surgical treatment can become necessary. MDI of the shoulder can be challenging to manage in individuals who fail conservative management. Historically, surgical treatment for MDI has been open capsular plication; however, arthroscopic capsular plication has now become the standard of care, with outcomes similar to the open procedure. The purpose of this article and Video 1 is to describe our arthroscopic technique for pancapsular shift with labral repair...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353954/assessing-personality-in-san-joaquin-kit-fox-in-situ-efficacy-of-field-based-experimental-methods-and-implications-for-conservation-management
#10
Samantha Bremner-Harrison, Brian L Cypher, Christine Van Horn Job, Stephen W R Harrison
Utilisation of animal personality has potential benefit for conservation management. Due to logistics of robust behavioural evaluation in situ, the majority of studies on wild animals involve taking animals into captivity for testing, potentially compromising results. Three in situ tests for evaluation of boldness in San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) were developed (ENOT: extended novel object test; RNOT: rapid novel object test; TH: trap/handling test). Each test successfully identified variation in boldness within its target age class(es)...
2018: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353805/sources-and-distribution-of-microplastics-in-china-s-largest-inland-lake-qinghai-lake
#11
Xiong Xiong, Kai Zhang, Xianchuan Chen, Huahong Shi, Ze Luo, Chenxi Wu
Microplastic pollution was studied in China's largest inland lake - Qinghai Lake in this work. Microplastics were detected with abundance varies from 0.05 × 105 to 7.58 × 105 items km-2 in the lake surface water, 0.03 × 105 to 0.31 × 105 items km-2 in the inflowing rivers, 50 to 1292 items m-2 in the lakeshore sediment, and 2 to 15 items per individual in the fish samples, respectively. Small microplastics (0.1-0.5 mm) dominated in the lake surface water while large microplastics (1-5 mm) are more abundant in the river samples...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353784/on-the-ecological-relevance-of-landscape-mapping-and-its-application-in-the-spatial-planning-of-very-large-marine-protected-areas
#12
Oliver T Hogg, Veerle A I Huvenne, Huw J Griffiths, Katrin Linse
In recent years very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) have become the dominant form of spatial protection in the marine environment. Whilst seen as a holistic and geopolitically achievable approach to conservation, there is currently a mismatch between the size of VLMPAs, and the data available to underpin their establishment and inform on their management. Habitat mapping has increasingly been adopted as a means of addressing paucity in biological data, through use of environmental proxies to estimate species and community distribution...
January 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351933/vanadium-allergy-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#13
Fidel Peat, Ross Coomber, Adnan Rana, Alastair Vince
Allergic reactions to metals following joint arthroplasty represent a rare and poorly understood phenomenon. Much is still unknown regarding the natural history of this complication, and how it can best be prevented and managed. We present a case of a 68-year-old woman who underwent a left total knee arthroplasty for treatment of osteoarthritis. After an initial uneventful postoperative course, she developed a troublesome erythematous rash both around the incision site and over her trunk. Blood testing revealed no evidence of infection and clinically her prosthesis was functioning well...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351748/a-comparative-study-of-three-conservative-treatments-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-with-acupuncture-and-physical-therapy-study-lap-study
#14
Hiroyuki Oka, Ko Matsudaira, Yuichi Takano, Daichi Kasuya, Masaki Niiya, Juichi Tonosu, Masayoshi Fukushima, Yasushi Oshima, Tomoko Fujii, Sakae Tanaka, Hirohiko Inanami
BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014...
January 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351737/identifying-genome-wide-immune-gene-variation-underlying-infectious-disease-in-wildlife-populations-a-next-generation-sequencing-approach-in-the-gopher-tortoise
#15
Jean P Elbers, Mary B Brown, Sabrina S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Infectious disease is the single greatest threat to taxa such as amphibians (chytrid fungus), bats (white nose syndrome), Tasmanian devils (devil facial tumor disease), and black-footed ferrets (canine distemper virus, plague). Although understanding the genetic basis to disease susceptibility is important for the long-term persistence of these groups, most research has been limited to major-histocompatibility and Toll-like receptor genes. To better understand the genetic basis of infectious disease susceptibility in a species of conservation concern, we sequenced all known/predicted immune response genes (i...
January 19, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350647/rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinopathy-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#16
Vito Chianca, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Federico Midiri, Giovanni Mauri, Alberto Aliprandi, Michele Catapano, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Cristian Giuseppe Monaco, Salvatore Gitto, Anna Pisani Mainini, Angelo Corazza, Santi Rapisarda, Grazia Pozzi, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) is a very common condition caused by the presence of calcific deposits in the rotator cuff (RC) or in the subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa when calcification spreads around the tendons. The pathogenetic mechanism of RCCT is still unclear. It seems to be related to cell-mediated disease in which metaplastic transformation of tenocytes into chondrocytes induces calcification inside the tendon of the RC. RCCT is a frequent finding in the RC that may cause significant shoulder pain and disability...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#17
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350373/pediatric-dural-venous-sinus-thrombosis-following-closed-head-injury-an-easily-overlooked-diagnosis-with-devastating-consequences
#18
Joe M Das, Rashmi Sapkota, Binjura Shrestha
Dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST) is an uncommon finding after traumatic brain injury. The diagnosis can often be initially missed, particularly if not associated with an overlying fracture. Pediatric DVST following closed head injury and without an overlying fracture is very rare, with only 20 cases reported in the literature to date. Here we present the case of a 19-month-old boy who presented with a history of trivial fall and an episode of fever. On presentation, the pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale (pGCS) score was E3V4M6, and initial brain computed tomography (CT) was normal...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350309/population-genetics-of-the-endangered-and-wild-edible-plant-ottelia-acuminata-in-southwestern-china-using-novel-ssr-markers
#19
Shu Hua Zhai, Gen Shen Yin, Xiao Hong Yang
Ottelia acuminata is an edible aquatic plant species that is endemic to southwestern China. This plant has experienced habitat degradation resulting from environmental change and extensive human disturbance. Determining the genetic variation and genetic structure of O. acuminata populations could help develop strategies to collect, evaluate, utilize and conserve the species. To this end, we genotyped 183 individuals sampled throughout the species distribution using twelve novel nuclear microsatellite loci (nSSRs)...
January 19, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349820/an-experimental-test-of-alternative-population-augmentation-scenarios
#20
J A Kronenberger, J C Gerberich, S W Fitzpatrick, E D Broder, L M Angeloni, W C Funk
Human land use is fragmenting habitats worldwide and inhibiting dispersal among previously connected populations of organisms, often leading to inbreeding depression and reduced evolutionary potential in the face of rapid environmental change. One management practice used to combat this is the augmentation of isolated populations with immigrants as a means of demographic and genetic rescue. Augmentation with immigrants that are genetically and adaptively similar to the target population is highly effective at increasing population fitness, but if immigrants are very genetically or adaptively divergent, augmentation can lead to outbreeding depression...
January 19, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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