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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734251/climatic-controls-of-ecohydrological-responses-in-the-highlands-of-northern-ethiopia
#1
Samuale Tesfaye, Emiru Birhane, Toon Leijnse, S E A T M van der Zee
Climate variability and recurrent droughts have a strong negative impact on agricultural production and hydrology in the highlands northern Ethiopia. Since the 1980s, numerous mitigation and land rehabilitation measures have been implemented by local and national authorities to reduce these impacts, are often poorly effective. As underlying reason may be that controlling relationships between climate and ecohydrology at medium-sized catchments (10-10,000km(2)) of semi-arid highlands are not well known. We investigated trends and relationships in precipitation, temperature, streamflow, and net primary productivity (NPP)...
July 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729957/decline-of-heterozygosity-in-a-large-but-isolated-population-a-45-year-examination-of-moose-genetic-diversity-on-isle-royale
#2
Renae L Sattler, Janna R Willoughby, Bradley J Swanson
Wildlife conservation and management approaches typically focus on demographic measurements to assess population viability over both short and long periods. However, genetic diversity is an important predictor of long term population vitality. We investigated the pattern of change in genetic diversity in a large and likely isolated moose (Alces alces) population on Isle Royale (Lake Superior) from 1960-2005. We characterized samples, partitioned into five different 5-year periods, using nine microsatellite loci and a portion of the mtDNA control region...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729670/forest-edge-disturbance-increases-rattan-abundance-in-tropical-rain-forest-fragments
#3
Mason J Campbell, Will Edwards, Ainhoa Magrach, Susan G Laurance, Mohammed Alamgir, Gabriel Porolak, William F Laurance
Human-induced forest fragmentation poses one of the largest threats to global diversity yet its impact on rattans (climbing palms) has remained virtually unexplored. Rattan is arguably the world's most valuable non-timber forest product though current levels of harvesting and land-use change place wild populations at risk. To assess rattan response to fragmentation exclusive of harvesting impacts we examined rattan abundance, demography and ecology within the forests of northeastern, Australia. We assessed the community abundance of rattans, and component adult (>3 m) and juvenile (≤3 m) abundance in five intact forests and five fragments (23-58 ha) to determine their response to a range of environmental and ecological parameters...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729224/robotic-placement-of-fenix-continence-restoration-system-in-a-patient-with-previous-radiation-to-the-pelvis-a-case-report
#4
Mariana Espinal, Christopher C DeStephano, Paulami Guha, Shilpa P Gajarawala, Anita H Chen, Paul D Pettit
Fecal incontinence (FI) is a disabling problem affecting women. Conservative treatment includes dietary modification, antimotility agents, and pelvic floor physical therapy. If conservative medical management is unsuccessful, surgical intervention may be required. Surgical options include rectal sphincteroplasty, bulking agent injection, radiofrequency anal sphincter remodeling procedure and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) therapy. Recently, a new therapy for FI, the FENIX Continence Restoration System has become available...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729005/influence-of-late-fluid-management-on-the-outcomes-of-severe-trauma-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-294-severely-injured-patients
#5
Mehdi Mezidi, Mehdi Ould-Chikh, Pauline Deras, Camille Maury, Orianne Martinez, Xavier Capdevila, Jonathan Charbit
BACKGROUND: Liberal late fluid management (LFM) is associated with higher morbi-mortality in critically ill populations. The aim of the study was to assess the association between LFM and duration of mechanical ventilation in a severe trauma population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with an ISS≥16 and a length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU)≥7 days was performed. The conservative LFM group included patients with at least 2 consecutive days with a negative fluid balance between day 3 and day 7; other patients were allocated to the liberal LFM group...
June 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728984/operative-versus-non-operative-management-of-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh, Nilanjan Panda, Asaf Khan, Samik Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Sanjay Dalmia, Sohail Malik, Zahirul Huq, Moustafa Mansour
OBJECTIVES: To investigate outcomes of operative and non-operative management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO). METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement standards. We conducted a search of electronic information sources to identify all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies investigating outcomes of operative versus non-operative management of patients with adhesive SBO...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728892/-pediatric-preparations-of-blood-products
#7
C Boulat
The transfusion in pediatrics may require specific preparations to adapt to the various characteristics from preterm neonates to big child: weight, immaturity, immune system, blood volume, long and short-term prognosis, and to meet the needs of pathologies related to the perinatal period. The knowledge of the process for preparation, conservation and administration of these particular products shall permit a transfusion in safe conditions by supporting the prescribers in a personalized blood management.
July 17, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728396/characterization-and-functional-inferences-of-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-profile-in-the-loin-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-of-swine
#8
Woonsu Kim, Hyesun Park, Kang-Seok Seo, Seongwon Seo
Objective: DNA methylation plays a major role in regulating the expression of genes related to traits of economic interest (e.g., weight gain) in livestock animals. This study characterized and investigated the functional inferences of genome-wide DNA methylome in the loin (longissimus dorsi) muscle (LDM) of swine. Methods: A total of 8.99 Gb methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequence data were obtained from LDM samples of eight Duroc pigs (four pairs of littermates)...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728102/uterine-necrosis-following-a-combination-of-uterine-compression-sutures-and-vascular-ligation-during-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#9
Saad Benkirane, Hanane Saadi, Badr Serji, Ahmed Mimouni
INTRODUCTION: The Postpartum bleeding is the first cause of maternal mortality in Morocco. It is an obstetrical emergency that requires a fast multimodal management including medical care, interventional procedure and in few cases a salvatory surgery. CLINICAL CASE: We report a rare case of uterine necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage, refractory to medical therapy, and which was controlled by a combination of uterine hemostatic techniques and vascular ligation three days after surgery, the patient developed a fever (39°C)...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727973/pediatric-xanthogranulomatous-cystitis-the-first-described-case-in-a-pre-pubertal-male-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Janae Preece, Vinay Prasad, Daryl McLeod
Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare condition affecting the bladder thought to be caused by chronic inflammation. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in the literature since being first described in 1932. We present the first reported case of XC in a pre-pubertal male and review the literature. A 10-year-old boy presenting with dysuria subsequently developed frequency. After failure of conservative management, an ultrasound of the bladder revealed a mass. The patient underwent partial cystectomy...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727922/considerations-in-physical-therapy-management-of-a-non-responding-patient-with-low-back-pain
#11
Timothy J Madson
STUDY DESIGN: Case Study. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low back pain is a common condition managed by physical therapists (PT). Screening tools have been developed to assist the PT with medical screening of patients for serious disease. Sinister pathologies may present as musculoskeletal symptoms during the patient examination. It is important for the PT to frequently reevaluate their patient's response to therapeutic interventions and refer for further evaluation if they are not responding to conservative care...
July 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727845/emergent-multisystemic-enterococcus-infection-threatens-endangered-christmas-island-reptile-populations
#12
Karrie Rose, Jessica Agius, Jane Hall, Paul Thompson, John-Sebastian Eden, Mukesh Srivastava, Brendan Tiernan, Cheryl Jenkins, David Phalen
Multisystemic infections with a morphologically unusual bacterium were first observed in captive critically endangered Lister's geckos (Lepidodactylus listeri) on Christmas Island in October 2014. Since then the infection was identified in another captive critically endangered lizard species, the blue-tailed skink (Cryptoblepharus egeriae) and two species of invasive geckos; the four clawed gecko (Gehyra mutilata) and Asian house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), in a wide geographic range across the east side of the island...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727710/management-of-symptomatic-tarlov-cysts-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Wei Jiang, Zhenming Hu, Jie Hao
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are a common cause of chronic pain. Many methods have been reported to treat this disease, with variable results. Most previous reports concerning the treatment methods of symptomatic Tarlov cysts were either sporadic case reports or series of limited cases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to further optimize the management for patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts (TCs) by analyzing the results of 82 patients who were treated with different strategies...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727645/retroperitoneal-hemorrhage-after-sacral-neurostimulator-placement-for-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#14
Casey L Kinman, Deslyn T G Hobson, Anubhav Agrawal, Martin S Vyleta, Sean L Francis
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective therapy for patients who experience urinary incontinence, idiopathic urinary retention, and fecal incontinence. Although typically a low-risk procedure, rarely, it can be associated with significant hemorrhage. A 61-year-old woman on chronic anticoagulation underwent uncomplicated implantation of SNM for refractory urgency urinary incontinence. Anticoagulation was held on the day of surgery and resumed on postoperative day 1. On postoperative day 2, the patient developed an extensive retroperitoneal hemorrhage...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727214/what-plant-functional-traits-can-reduce-nitrous-oxide-emissions-from-intensively-managed-grasslands
#15
Diego Abalos, Jan Willem van Groenigen, Gerlinde B De Deyn
Plant species exert a dominant control over the nitrogen (N) cycle of natural and managed grasslands. Although in intensively managed systems that receive large external N inputs the emission of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2 O) is a crucial component of this cycle, a mechanistic relationship between plant species and N2 O emissions has not yet been established. Here we use a plant functional trait approach to study the relation between plant species strategies and N2 O emissions from soils. Compared to species with conservative strategies, species with acquisitive strategies have higher N uptake when there is ample N in the soil, but also trigger N mineralization when soil N is limiting...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726340/factors-influencing-property-selection-for-conservation-revolving-funds
#16
Mathew J Hardy, James A Fitzsimons, Sarah A Bekessy, Ascelin Gordon
Finding sustainable ways to increase the amount of private land protected for biodiversity is a challenge for many conservation organizations. In a number of countries, organizations use 'revolving fund' programs, whereby land is purchased, and then on-sold to conservation-minded owners with a condition to enter into a conservation covenant or easement. The proceeds from sale are then used to purchase, protect and on-sell additional properties, incrementally increasing the amount of protected private land. As the effectiveness of this approach relies upon selecting the right properties, we sought to explore the factors currently considered by practitioners and how these are integrated into decision-making...
July 20, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726147/stent-migration-following-endoscopic-suture-fixation-of-esophageal-self-expandable-metal-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ryan Law, Anoop Prabhu, Larissa Fujii-Lau, Carol Shannon, Siddharth Singh
BACKGROUND: Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) are utilized for the management of benign and malignant esophageal conditions; however, covered SEMS are prone to migration. Endoscopic suture fixation may mitigate the migration risk of covered esophageal SEMS. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic suture fixation for covered esophageal SEMS. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, we performed a systematic review from 2011 to 2016 to identify studies (case control/case series) reporting the technical success and migration rate of covered esophageal SEMS following endoscopic suture fixation...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725614/a-review-of-varicocele-repair-for-pain
#18
REVIEW
Ryan C Owen, Benjamin J McCormick, Bradley D Figler, Robert M Coward
A dilation of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum above the testicle, called a varicocele, affects approximately 15% of the general male population. While the majority is asymptomatic, pain results in up to 10% of cases of varicoceles. The pain associated with varicoceles is typically mild and is described as heavy, achy, or dull-and is usually isolated to the testicle or spermatic cord. Guidelines clearly recommend varicocele repair in males with varicoceles, infertility, and an abnormal semen analysis...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725612/vasectomy-reversal-for-post-vasectomy-pain-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
L I Smith-Harrison, Ryan P Smith
Post-vasectomy pain syndrome (PVPS) is a rare, but devastating outcome following vasectomy. Given the widespread utilization of vasectomy for permanent contraception, with more than 500,000 procedures performed annually in the United States, it can be a significant challenge for both patients and providers. Vasectomy reversal is a surgical option for men who fail conservative or medical management. Despite improvements in technique, vasectomy carries some inherent risks making pre-procedure counseling regarding the risks of PVPS paramount...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725611/robot-assisted-microsurgery-for-chronic-orchialgia
#20
REVIEW
Parviz Kavoussi, Nahomy Calixte, Jamin Brahmbhatt, Sijo Parekattil
Chronic orchialgia is one of the most common complaints seen in the urologists office and has traditionally been considered a very difficult diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the clinician. First line management of chronic orchialgia is conservative treatment; however, in men who fail conservative therapy, surgical intervention may be indicated. Microsurgery has been the mainstay for surgical treatment of chronic orchialgia, but the implementation of robotics to microsurgery lends itself particularly to surgical treatment of chronic orchialgia...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
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