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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806309/single-center-experience-of-over-a-hundred-implantations-of-a-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-device
#1
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Daniel Hind, Kay Wright, Vicki Proctor, Larissa Greenwood, Suzanne Carrick, Jaydip Ray
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes with a novel passive transcutaneous bone conduction device (t-BCD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective data collection and patient review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients who underwent implantation with the t-BCD between November 2013 and September 2016. INTERVENTION: Implantation of BAHA Attract. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical outcome, patient reported outcomes including the "Glasgow Benefit Inventory" and the "Client Oriented Scale of Improvement" for adults and the "Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing scale" (SSQ-12) for children...
August 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794957/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-young-adults-a-pooled-analysis
#2
Paul B Nolan, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, James W Stinear, Stacey A Reading, Lance C Dalleck
Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) represents a clustering of different metabolic abnormalities. MetSyn prevalence is present in approximately 25% of all adults with increased prevalence in advanced ages. The presence of one component of MetSyn increases the risk of developing MetSyn later in life and likely represents a high lifetime burden of cardiovascular disease risk. Therefore we pooled data from multiple studies to establish the prevalence of MetSyn and MetSyn component prevalence across a broad range of ethnicities...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790966/randomized-controlled-study-of-a-remote-flipped-classroom-neuro-otology-curriculum
#3
Frederick Robert Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman, Ahmed Hankir, Maksim Zayaruzny, Kinda Najem, Palita Lungchukiet, Roger A Edwards
CONTEXT: Medical Education can be delivered in the traditional classroom or via novel technology including an online classroom. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that learning in an online classroom would result in similar outcomes as learning in the traditional classroom when using a flipped classroom pedagogy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. A total of 274 subjects enrolled in a Neuro-otology training program for non-Neuro-otologists of 25 h held over a 3-day period...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774762/epidemiology-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-intracranial-hemorrhage-focusing-predictive-models-for-neurosurgical-intervention
#4
Alessandro Orlando, A Stewart Levy, Matthew M Carrick, Allen Tanner, Charles W Mains, David Bar-Or
OBJECTIVE: To adumbrate differences in neurosurgical intervention (NI) rates between intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) types in mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs), and help identify which ICH types are most likely to benefit from the creation of predictive models for NI. METHODS: This was a multi-center retrospective study of adult patients over three years at four Trauma Centers in the USA. Patients were included if they presented with a mTBI (GCS 13-15) and a head CT positive for ICH...
July 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764794/exploration-of-knowledge-and-understanding-in-patients-with-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
L M Shepherd, A A Tahrani, C Inman, W Arlt, D M Carrick-Sen
BACKGROUND: Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) is a rare and severe condition requiring lifelong steroid replacement. During acute illness or stressful events, it is important to appropriately adjust glucocorticoid dose; failure to do so may lead to an adrenal crisis. The aim of the study was to explore patients PAI knowledge and understanding of the condition, steroid replacement adjustment during acute illness or stress and provided education. METHODS: Ten adult patients with PAI were purposefully recruited from two hospitals in a tertiary NHS Trust in England, UK...
August 1, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753946/molecular-weights-of-bovine-and-porcine-heparin-samples-comparison-of-chromatographic-methods-and-results-of-a-collaborative-survey
#6
Sabrina Bertini, Giulia Risi, Marco Guerrini, Kevin Carrick, Anita Y Szajek, Barbara Mulloy
In a collaborative study involving six laboratories in the USA, Europe, and India the molecular weight distributions of a panel of heparin sodium samples were determined, in order to compare heparin sodium of bovine intestinal origin with that of bovine lung and porcine intestinal origin. Porcine samples met the current criteria as laid out in the USP Heparin Sodium monograph. Bovine lung heparin samples had consistently lower average molecular weights. Bovine intestinal heparin was variable in molecular weight; some samples fell below the USP limits, some fell within these limits and others fell above the upper limits...
July 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737679/modernization-of-enoxaparin-molecular-weight-determination-using-homogeneous-standards
#7
Katelyn M Arnold, Stephen J Capuzzi, Yongmei Xu, Eugene N Muratov, Kevin Carrick, Anita Y Szajek, Alexander Tropsha, Jian Liu
Enoxaparin is a low-molecular weight heparin used to treat thrombotic disorders. Following the fatal contamination of the heparin supply chain in 2007-2008, the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have worked extensively to modernize the unfractionated heparin and enoxaparin monographs. As a result, the determination of molecular weight (MW) has been added to the monograph as a measure to strengthen the quality testing and to increase the protection of the global supply of this life-saving drug...
July 22, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723840/cervical-spine-evaluation-and-clearance-in-the-intoxicated-patient-a-prospective-western-trauma-association-multi-institutional-trial-and-survey
#8
Matthew J Martin, Lisa D Bush, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Martin Schreiber, Kimberly A Peck, Galinos Barmparas, Jay Menaker, Joshua P Hazelton, Raul Coimbra, Martin D Zielinski, Carlos V R Brown, Chad G Ball, Jill R Cherry-Bukowiec, Clay Cothren Burlew, Julie Dunn, C Todd Minshall, Matthew M Carrick, Gina M Berg, Demetrios Demetriades, William Long
INTRODUCTION: Intoxication often prevents clinical clearance of the cervical spine (Csp) after trauma leading to prolonged immobilization even with a normal CT scan. We evaluated the accuracy of CT at detecting clinically significant Csp injury, and surveyed participants on related opinions and practice. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study (2013-2015) at 17 centers. All adult blunt trauma patients underwent structured clinical examination and imaging including a Csp CT, with follow-up thru discharge...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714936/extending-wireless-rechargeable-sensor-network-life-without-full-knowledge
#9
Najeeb W Najeeb, Carrick Detweiler
When extending the life of Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks (WRSN), one challenge is charging networks as they grow larger. Overcoming this limitation will render a WRSN more practical and highly adaptable to growth in the real world. Most charging algorithms require a priori full knowledge of sensor nodes' power levels in order to determine the nodes that require charging. In this work, we present a probabilistic algorithm that extends the life of scalable WRSN without a priori power knowledge and without full network exploration...
July 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710599/task-relevant-perceptual-features-can-define-categories-in-visual-memory-too
#10
Karla B Antonelli, Carrick C Williams
Although Konkle, Brady, Alvarez, and Oliva (2010, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139(3), 558) claim that visual long-term memory (VLTM) is organized on underlying conceptual, not perceptual, information, visual memory results from visual search tasks are not well explained by this theory. We hypothesized that when viewing an object, any task-relevant visual information is critical to the organizational structure of VLTM. In two experiments, we examined the organization of VLTM by measuring the amount of retroactive interference created by objects possessing different combinations of task-relevant features...
July 14, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643430/platinum-containing-regimens-for-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Sam J Egger, Melina L Willson, Jenna Morgan, Harriet S Walker, Sue Carrick, Davina Ghersi, Nicholas Wilcken
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported high tumour response rates for platinum-containing regimens in the treatment of women with metastatic breast cancer. Most of these studies were conducted prior to the 'intrinsic subtype' era, and did not specifically focus on metastatic triple-negative breast cancers (mTNBCs). OBJECTIVES: To identify and review the evidence from randomised trials comparing platinum-containing chemotherapy regimens with regimens not containing platinum in the management of women with metastatic breast cancer...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593195/lake-bacterial-assemblage-composition-is-sensitive-to-biological-disturbance-caused-by-an-invasive-filter-feeder
#12
Vincent J Denef, Hunter J Carrick, Joann Cavaletto, Edna Chiang, Thomas H Johengen, Henry A Vanderploeg
One approach to improve forecasts of how global change will affect ecosystem processes is to better understand how anthropogenic disturbances alter bacterial assemblages that drive biogeochemical cycles. Species invasions are important contributors to global change, but their impacts on bacterial community ecology are rarely investigated. Here, we studied direct impacts of invasive dreissenid mussels (IDMs), one of many invasive filter feeders, on freshwater lake bacterioplankton. We demonstrated that direct effects of IDMs reduced bacterial abundance and altered assemblage composition by preferentially removing larger and particle-associated bacteria...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582672/work-zone-sign-design-for-increased-driver-compliance-and-worker-safety
#13
Md Mahmudur Rahman, Lesley Strawderman, Teena Garrison, Deborah Eakin, Carrick C Williams
Many studies have investigated the effect of dynamic message signs (DMS) on drivers' speed reduction and compliance in work zones, yet only a few studies have examined the design of sign content of DMS. The purpose of this study was to develop design standards for DMS to improve driver compliance and worker safety. This study investigated the impact of sign content, frame refresh rate, and sign placement on driver speed reduction, compliance, and eye movements. A total of 44 participants were recruited for this study...
June 2, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558603/social-media-awareness-and-implications-in-nursing-leadership
#14
Candace W Burton, Monica R McLemore, Laura Perry, Jenny Carrick, Mona Shattell
Many nursing professionals-may be reluctant to engage in or are confused about appropriate use of social media in a clinical, research, or policy context. To address this issue, we developed a study to enhance nurse leaders' facility with social media in the context of a national professional meeting. This study examined a social media campaign at the 2015 American Academy of Nursing conference. The campaign was intended to bridge the gap between active social media users and nonusers attending the conference...
November 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541728/methamphetamine-and-psychiatry-a-story-of-the-colourless-substance-of-abuse
#15
Shuichi Suetani, Jill Reddan, Carrick Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The current paper aims to provide an overview of methamphetamine in its historical context, integrated with a current understanding derived from animal studies and clinical experience. CONCLUSION: Despite over a century of clinical experience, methamphetamine remains a troublesome substance. There remains an urgent need at multiple levels from various sectors to combat this ongoing problem, and psychiatry has an essential role in this endeavour.
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538638/perioperative-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-the-risk-of-anastomotic-failure-in-emergency-general-surgery
#16
Nadeem N Haddad, Brandon R Bruns, Toby M Enniss, David Turay, Joseph V Sakran, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Kristen Arnold, Jason S Murry, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew Hernandez, Margaret H Lauerman, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. NSAID administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal anastomotic failure in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multi-institutional prospectively collected database was performed...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522657/near-drowning-in-a-48-year-old-man
#17
Kirsty McDowell, David Carrick, Robin Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490566/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-utility-of-the-modified-early-warning-score-for-interfacility-transfer-of-patients-with-traumatic-injury
#18
Kristin Salottolo, Matthew Carrick, Jacob Johnson, Mark Gamber, David Bar-Or
OBJECTIVE: The modified early warning score (MEWS) is a 'track and trigger' score using routine physiological vital signs. The objective is to determine if the pretransfer MEWS can be used for predicting outcomes in trauma patients requiring interfacility transfer to higher levels of care. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective study of consecutively transferred trauma patients into a level-II trauma centre from 2013 to 2014. INTERVENTIONS: None...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452877/incompatible-type-a-plasma-transfusion-in-patients-requiring-massive-transfusion-protocol-outcomes-of-an-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multicenter-study
#19
W Tait Stevens, Bryan C Morse, Andrew Bernard, Daniel L Davenport, Valerie G Sams, Michael D Goodman, Russell Dumire, Matthew M Carrick, Patrick McCarthy, James R Stubbs, Timothy A Pritts, Christopher J Dente, Xian Luo-Owen, Jason A Gregory, David Turay, Dina Gomaa, Juan C Quispe, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Nadeem N Haddad, Asad Choudhry, Jose F Quesada, Martin D Zielinski
With a relative shortage of type AB plasma, many centers have converted to type A plasma for resuscitation of patients whose blood type is unknown. The goal of this study is to determine outcomes for trauma patients who received incompatible plasma transfusions as part of a massive transfusion protocol (MTP). METHODS: As part of an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma multi-institutional trial, registry and blood bank data were collected from eight trauma centers for trauma patients (age, ≥ 15 years) receiving emergency release plasma transfusions as part of MTPs from January 2012 to August 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431413/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-trauma-the-results-of-a-prospective-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trial
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Leslie Kobayashi, Galinos Barmparas, Patrick Bosarge, Carlos V Brown, Marko Bukur, Matthew M Carrick, Richard D Catalano, Jan Holly-Nicolas, Kenji Inaba, Stephen Kaminski, Amanda L Klein, Tammy Kopelman, Eric J Ley, Ericca M Martinez, Forrest O Moore, Jason Murry, Raminder Nirula, Douglas Paul, Jacob Quick, Omar Rivera, Martin Schreiber, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: The number of anticoagulated trauma patients is increasing. Trauma patients on warfarin have been found to have poor outcomes, particularly after intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). However, the effect of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAs) on trauma outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that patients on NOAs would have higher rates of ICH, ICH progression, and death compared with patients on traditional anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. METHODS: This was a prospective observational trial across 16 trauma centers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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