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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223824/mir182-activates-the-ras-mek-erk-pathway-in-human-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-suppressing-rasa1-and-spred1
#1
Jinhui Wang, Wei Wang, Jichen Li, Liji Wu, Mei Song, Qinggang Meng
PURPOSE: The constitutive activation of the Ras-MEK-ERK signaling pathway in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has been found to be tightly controlled at multiple levels under physiological conditions. RASA1 and SPRED1 are two important negative regulators of this pathway, but the exact regulating mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential regulating mechanisms involved in the Ras-MEK-ERK signaling pathway in OSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MicroRNA (miRNA) expression was detected by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192937/amplification-and-quantification-of-an-antisense-oligonucleotide-from-target-microrna-using-programmable-dna-and-a-biological-nanopore
#2
Moe Hiratani, Masayuki Ohara, Ryuji Kawano
This paper describes a strategy for autonomous diagnoses of cancers using microRNA (miRNA) and therapy for tumor cells by DNA computing techniques and nanopore measurement. Theranostics, which involves the combination of diagnosis and therapy, has emerged as an approach for personalized medicine or point-of-care cancer diagnostics. DNA computing will become a potent tool for theranostics because it functions completely autonomously without the need for external regulations. However, conventional theranostics using DNA computing involves a one-to-one reaction in which a single input molecule generates a single output molecule; the concentration of the antisense drug is insufficient for the therapy in this type of reaction...
February 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188287/a-to-i-rna-editing-up-regulates-human-dihydrofolate-reductase-in-breast-cancer
#3
Masataka Nakano, Tatsuki Fukami, Saki Gotoh, Miki Nakajima
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) plays a key role in folate metabolism and is a target molecule of methotrexate. An increase in the cellular expression level of DHFR is one of the mechanisms of tumor resistance to methotrexate. The present study investigated the possibility that adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing, which causes nucleotide conversion by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (ADAR) enzymes, might modulate DHFR expression. In human breast adenocarcinoma-derived MCF-7 cells, 26 RNA editing sites were identified in the 3'-UTR of DHFR...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177890/long-noncoding-rna-hotair-promotes-metastasis-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-up-regulating-histone-h3k27-demethylase-jmjd3
#4
Ming Xia, Lv Yao, Qiaoxia Zhang, Feng Wang, Hongbin Mei, Xiaoqiang Guo, Weiren Huang
Long Noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a kind of non-protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides, and play important roles in diverse biological processes, such as embryonic development and apoptosis. Homeobox (HOX) transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) is a negative prognostic factor in a variety of human cancers, such as breast, liver and lung cancers. HOTAIR can promote cancer cell metastasis by reprogramming chromatin organization. In the present study, HOTAIR expression was elevated in tissues of renal cell carcinoma compared to adjacent normal tissues, and positively correlated with metastasis (P<0...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176947/silencing-of-foxp3-enhances-the-antitumor-efficacy-of-gm-csf-genetically-modified-tumor-cell-vaccine-against-b16-melanoma
#5
Antonio Miguel, Luis Sendra, Verónica Noé, Carles J Ciudad, Francisco Dasí, David Hervas, María José Herrero, Salvador F Aliño
The antitumor response after therapeutic vaccination has a limited effect and seems to be related to the presence of T regulatory cells (Treg), which express the immunoregulatory molecules CTLA4 and Foxp3. The blockage of CTLA4 using antibodies has shown an effective antitumor response conducing to the approval of the human anti-CTLA4 antibody ipilimumab by the US Food and Drug Administration. On the other hand, Foxp3 is crucial for Treg development. For this reason, it is an attractive target for cancer treatment...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157695/increased-lncrna-abhd11-as1-represses-the-malignant-phenotypes-of-bladder-cancer
#6
Mingwei Chen, Jianfa Li, Chengle Zhuang, Zhiming Cai
Bladder cancer is one of the most common urothelial tumors worldwide. While there are some progresses on early bladder cancer detection, patients' mortalities have not been changed significantly. So it is important to get further understanding the mechanism involved in the development and progression of bladder cancer. Long non-coding RNAs play important regulatory roles in a variety of biological processes ranging from gene regulation, cellular differentiation to tumorigenesis. Previous literatures reported that lncRNA ABHD11 Antisense RNA 1 (ABHD11-AS1) (Organism: Homo sapiens) was highly expressed in gastric cancer...
February 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153089/genome-editing-reveals-glioblastoma-addiction-to-microrna-10b
#7
Rachid El Fatimy, Shruthi Subramanian, Erik J Uhlmann, Anna M Krichevsky
Glioblastoma (GBM) brain tumor remains among the most lethal and incurable human diseases. Oncogenic microRNA-10b (miR-10b) is strongly and universally upregulated in GBM, and its inhibition by antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) reduces the growth of heterogeneous glioma cells; therefore, miR-10b represents a unique therapeutic target for GBM. Here we explored the effects of miR-10b gene editing on GBM. Using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 system, we investigated effects of miR-10b gene editing on the growth of cultured human glioma cells, tumor-initiating stem-like cells, and mouse GBM xenografts, as well as the oncogene-induced transformation of normal astrocytes...
February 1, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150211/gene-silencing-using-multifunctionalized-gold-nanoparticles-for-cancer-therapy
#8
Alexandra R Fernandes, Pedro V Baptista
Multifunctionalized gold nanobeacons (Au-nanobeacon) combine, in a single and unique platform, targeting, detection and silencing providing an effective impact in clinics boosting cancer theranostics. Here, we describe a nano-integrated platform based on Au-nanobeacons able to detect and inhibit gene expression specifically in cancer cells. The surfaces of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are functionalized with targeting peptides to enhance tumor cell recognition and uptake, and with fluorescently labeled antisense DNA hairpin oligonucleotides to detect AuNPs...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131827/long-noncoding-rna-bdnf-as-is-a-potential-biomarker-and-regulates-cancer-development-in-human-retinoblastoma
#9
Weiwei Shang, Yanyan Yang, Jingyi Zhang, Qizheng Wu
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have been shown to play important roles in human cancer. We examined expression, prognostic potential and functional roles of lncRNA, brain-derived neurotrophic factor antisense (BDNF-AS) in human retinoblastoma (RB). METHODS: BDNF-AS expression in RB tumors was characterized according to the clinicopathological parameters of patients. BDNF-AS mRNA level was compared between RB tumors and normal retinas, as well as RB cell lines and normal retinal epithelial cells...
January 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129131/6bio-enhances-oligonucleotide-activity-in-cells-a-potential-combinatorial-anti-androgen-receptor-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#10
Xiaowei Zhang, Daniela Castanotto, Sangkil Nam, David Horne, Cy Stein
Approximately 15%-25% of men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not survive their disease. The American Cancer Society estimated that for the year 2016 the number of prostate cancer deaths will be 26,120. Thus, there is a critical need for novel approaches to treat this deadly disease. Using high-throughput small-molecule screening, we found that the small molecule 6-bromo-indirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) significantly improves the targeting of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) delivered by gymnosis (i.e., in the absence of any transfection reagents) in both the cell cytoplasm and the nucleus...
January 4, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129115/hotair-epigenetically-modulates-pten-expression-via-microrna-29b-a-novel-mechanism-in-regulation-of-liver-fibrosis
#11
Fujun Yu, Bicheng Chen, Peihong Dong, Jianjian Zheng
Homeobox transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR), as a long intergenic non-coding RNA (lincRNA), is upregulated in various cancers and involved in diverse cellular functions. However, its role in liver fibrosis is unclear. In this study, HOTAIR expression was upregulated in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in vivo and in vitro during liver fibrosis. HOTAIR knockdown suppressed HSC activation including α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and typeIcollagen in vitro and in vivo. Both HSC proliferation and cell cycle were inhibited by HOTAIR knockdown...
January 4, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124977/the-long-non-coding-rna-rhpn1-as1-promotes-uveal-melanoma-progression
#12
Linna Lu, Xiaoyu Yu, Leilei Zhang, Xia Ding, Hui Pan, Xuyang Wen, Shiqiong Xu, Yue Xing, Jiayan Fan, Shengfang Ge, He Zhang, Renbing Jia, Xianqun Fan
Increasing evidence suggests that aberrant long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are significantly correlated with the pathogenesis, development and metastasis of cancers. RHPN1 antisense RNA 1 (RHPN1-AS1) is a 2030-bp transcript originating from human chromosome 8q24. However, the role of RHPN1-AS1 in uveal melanoma (UM) remains to be clarified. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the molecular function of RHPN1-AS1 in UM. The RNA levels of RHPN1-AS1 in UM cell lines were examined using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112720/long-noncoding-rna-hoxa-as2-represses-p21-and-klf2-expression-transcription-by-binding-with-ezh2-lsd1-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
J Ding, M Xie, Y Lian, Y Zhu, P Peng, J Wang, L Wang, K Wang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have received increased attention as a new class of functional regulators involved in human carcinogenesis. HOXA cluster antisense RNA 2 (HOXA-AS2) is a 1048-bp lncRNA located between the HOXA3 and HOXA4 genes in the HOXA cluster that regulates gene expression at a transcription level. HOXA-AS2 is previously found to be overexpressed in gastric cancer (GC) and promotes GC cells proliferation. However, its potential role and molecular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC) are not known...
January 23, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105233/mir-574-3p-acts-as-a-tumor-promoter-in-osteosarcoma-by-targeting-smad4-signaling-pathway
#14
Haidong Xu, Xiaozhou Liu, Juan Zhou, Xiaoyun Chen, Jianning Zhao
Human osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy sarcoma that affects primarily children and people <20 years old. In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR-574-3p was downregulated in human osteosarcoma U2OS, SAOS and MG63 cells lines as well as in osteosarcoma tissue compared with the normal tissues. Downregulation of miR-574-3p by antisense miR-574-3p, inhibited cell growth and induced cell apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-574-3p by transfection with miR-574-3p mimics promoted the growth of U2OS cells...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088076/in%C3%A2-vivo-visualization-of-endogenous-mir-21-using-hyaluronic-acid-coated-graphene-oxide-for-targeted-cancer-therapy
#15
Do Won Hwang, Han Young Kim, Fangyuan Li, Ji Yong Park, Dohyun Kim, Jae Hyung Park, Hwa Seung Han, Jung Woo Byun, Yun-Sang Lee, Jae Min Jeong, Kookheon Char, Dong Soo Lee
Oncogene-targeted nucleic acid therapy has been spotlighted as a new paradigm for cancer therapeutics. However, in vivo delivery issues and uncertainty of therapeutic antisense drug reactions remain critical hurdles for a successful targeted cancer therapy. In this study, we developed a fluorescence-switchable theranostic nanoplatform using hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated graphene oxide (GO), which is capable of both sensing oncogenic miR-21 and inhibiting its tumorigenicity simultaneously. Cy3-labeled antisense miR-21 peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes loaded onto HA-GO (HGP21) specifically targeted CD44-positive MBA-MB231 cells and showed fluorescence recovery by interacting with endogenous miR-21 in the cytoplasm of the MBA-MB231 cells...
March 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070051/-prognostic-value-of-lncrna-hotair-expression-in-%C3%A2-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#16
Wenna Xi, Wei Song
To systematically review the prognostic value regarding the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) in patients with cancer. 
 Methods: Databases including The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PubMed were searched to collect English literature on the correlation between lncRNA HOTAIR expression and overall survival in tumors. The retrieval time was from inception to September 2015. After data were extracted, a Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061540/metallothionein-2a-an-interactive-protein-linking-phosphorylated-fadd-to-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-leads-to-colorectal-cancer-formation
#17
Faiz M M T Marikar, Guanghui Jin, Wang Sheng, Dingyuan Ma, Zichun Hua
BACKGROUND: The rapid increase in the incidence rate of colorectal cancer has led to the search and identification of biomarkers that can predict risk for and future behavior of this malignancy and management. To study the biological role of the phosphorylated Fas associated death domain (pFADD) gene in colorectal cancer, we performed a GAL4-based yeast two-hybrid screening of a human heart cDNA library. METHODS: A series of two yeast hybrid method was used to identification of protein-protein interaction...
December 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052024/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-znrd1-as1-increase-cancer-risk-in-an-asian-population
#18
Ping-Yu Wang, Jing-Hua Li, Yue-Mei Liu, Qing Lv, Ning Xie, Han-Han Zhang, Shu-Yang Xie
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in human zinc ribbon domain containing 1 antisense RNA 1 (ZNRD1-AS1) have been associated with cancer development. In this meta-analysis, we more precisely estimated the associations between three expression quantitative trait loci SNPs in ZNRD1-AS1 (rs3757328, rs6940552, and rs9261204) and cancer susceptibility. The data for three SNPs were extracted from eligible studies, which included 5,293 patients and 5,440 controls. Overall, no significant associations between SNPs in ZNRD1-AS1 (rs3757328, rs6940552, and rs9261204) and cancer risk were observed...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051254/mir-214-negatively-regulates-proliferation-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-breast-cancer
#19
S-J Yi, L-L Li, W-B Tu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the function and mechanism of miR-214 in regulating breast cancer cell proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-214 expression level was measured by quantitative reverse transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein level of β-catenin, PCNA and WNT targets (cyclin D1 and c-Myc) was evaluated by Western blot analysis. The effects of miR-214 on cell proliferation and cisplatin sensitivity were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and/or 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) assay...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045030/small-rna-zippers-lock-mirna-molecules-and-block-mirna-function-in-mammalian-cells
#20
Lingyu Meng, Cuicui Liu, Jinhui Lü, Qian Zhao, Shengqiong Deng, Guangxue Wang, Jing Qiao, Chuyi Zhang, Lixiao Zhen, Ying Lu, Wenshu Li, Yuzhen Zhang, Richard G Pestell, Huiming Fan, Yi-Han Chen, Zhongmin Liu, Zuoren Yu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) loss-of-function phenotypes are mainly induced by chemically modified antisense oligonucleotides. Here we develop an alternative inhibitor for miRNAs, termed 'small RNA zipper'. It is designed to connect miRNA molecules end to end, forming a DNA-RNA duplex through a complementary interaction with high affinity, high specificity and high stability. Two miRNAs, miR-221 and miR-17, are tested in human breast cancer cell lines, demonstrating the 70∼90% knockdown of miRNA levels by 30-50 nM small RNA zippers...
January 3, 2017: Nature Communications
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