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Complementary Alternative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#1
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140486/the-national-cancer-institute-s-conference-on-acupuncture-for-symptom-management-in-oncology-state-of-the-science-evidence-and-research-gaps
#2
Farah Z Zia, Oluwadamilola Olaku, Ting Bao, Ann Berger, Gary Deng, Arthur Yin Fan, Mary K Garcia, Patricia M Herman, Ted J Kaptchuk, Elena J Ladas, Helene M Langevin, Lixing Lao, Weidong Lu, Vitaly Napadow, Richard C Niemtzow, Andrew J Vickers, Xin Shelley Wang, Claudia M Witt, Jun J Mao
The Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a symposium on "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" on June 16 and 17, 2016. Invited speakers included 19 scientists and scholars with expertise in acupuncture and cancer research from the United States, Europe, and China. The conference reviewed the NCI's grant funding on acupuncture, analyzed the needs of cancer patients, reviewed safety issues, and assessed both the current scientific evidence and research gaps of acupuncture in oncology care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140484/state-of-the-science-cancer-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-therapeutics-research-nci-strategic-workshop-highlights-of-discussion-report
#3
Dan Xi, Ting Bao, Qi Chen, Sushing Chen, Yung-Chi Cheng, Joseph Cullen, David A Frank, Jonathan W Friedberg, Ian Kronish, Jeffrey E Lee, Mark Levine, Pingping Li, Shao Li, Weidong Lu, Jun J Mao, Stephen O'Keefe, Larry Rubinstein, Manish A Shah, Leanna Standish, Channing J Paller, Edward Chu
In May 2016, the Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Division of Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment, of the National Cancer Institute convened a special workshop focused on the State of the Science: Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapeutics Research. The current state of the science, gaps, and future opportunities were reviewed and discussed by a distinguished panel of experts in this field of research, and the highlights of this meeting are reported herein.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#4
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132667/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-treatment-of-food-allergy
#5
REVIEW
Xiu-Min Li
The prevalence of food allergy is increasing. Food allergy can be life threatening and there is no approved treatment available. Allergen avoidance and rescue medication remain the sole management tools. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common in the United States. However, research into safety and efficacy for food allergy is limited. Continued scientific research into food allergy herbal formula 2 (FAHF-2), refined methods of formulation, purified compounds, and other modalities are needed...
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122248/effects-of-qigong-on-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Dau Van Vu, Alex Molassiotis, Shirley Siu Yin Ching, Tung Thanh Le
PURPOSE: Qigong as a complementary and alternative therapy is often used by cancer patients for symptom management. The aim of this systematic review is to critically evaluate the effectiveness of Qigong on symptom management among cancer patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the following databases from their inception through May 2016: Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDRO. All controlled clinical trials of Qigong among cancer patients were included...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122247/a-qualitative-investigation-of-australian-psychologists-perceptions-about-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-use-in-clinical-practice
#7
Kyra Hamilton, Vanina Marietti
This study explored psychologists' knowledge of, attitude toward, and experience with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for clinical purposes. Using a qualitative design, 18 Australian psychologists participated in a semi-structured interview. Psychologists had some understanding about CAM; yet, there was a mismatch between their perceived and actual knowledge. While psychologists were, in general, open toward using CAM with clients they were also sceptical. Attitudes did not overly influence psychologists' views about using CAM in practice, rather adhering to the scientist-practitioner model and embracing a client-centred approach affected their beliefs...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122246/nurses-knowledge-clinical-practice-and-attitude-towards-unconventional-medicine-implications-for-intercultural-healthcare
#8
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Kabila Abass, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Burnett Tetteh Accam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this hospital-based, cross-sectional study was to examine nurses' knowledge, personal and professional practices and attitude towards complementary and alternative medical therapies in urban Ghana. METHOD: Using convenience sampling technique, cross-sectional data were collected from 210 registered and practicing nurses with self-administered questionnaire based on the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117649/use-of-alternative-and-complementary-medicine-in-patients-with-malignant-diseases-in-high-volume-cancer-center-and-future-aspects
#9
Davor Kust, Ivan Šamija, Jasmina Marić-Brozić, Branka Svetec, Marija Miletić, Gordana Mamić, Ante Bolanča, Zvonko Kusić, Ana Fröbe
Usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is steadily increasing over the last decades, gaining medical, economic and sociological importance. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative therapies in cancer patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive survey design was used to collect data through an anonymous questionnaire. A total of 267 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of CAM use among cancer patients in this study was 60.3%. It was found that 61 heterogeneous CAM therapies were used, the most popular among patients being naturopathy/folk medicine...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116658/interventions-to-improve-employee-health-and-well-being-within-health-care-organizations-a-systematic-review
#10
Stephen P Williams, Humza T Malik, Christopher R Nicolay, Sankalp Chaturvedi, Ara Darzi, Sanjay Purkayastha
In response to an increasing body of evidence on the importance of employee health and well-being (HWB) within health care, there has been a shift in focus from both policymakers and individual organizations toward improving health care employee HWB. However, there is something of a paucity of evidence regarding the impact and value of specific HWB interventions within a health care setting. The aim of this article was to systematically review the literature on this topic utilizing the EMBASE, Global Health, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114138/anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-activity-of-nano-micana-cordifolia-and-metronidazole-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Hossein Vazini
Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellate parasite living in the genital tract and it is accounted as a sexually transmitted disease. The clinical symptoms vary from the asymptomatic to the severe form which is usually associated with the irritation, itching and infertility in some severe cases. Many drugs have been applied to treat this disease and Metronidazole is the gold standard for treatment; however, it has also detected that this medicine has many side-effects which it has been motivated the researchers to find an appropriate alternative for this medicine...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113407/healing-touch-in-radiation-therapy-is-the-benefit-tangible
#12
Jean-Baptiste Guy, Sacha Bard-Reboul, Jane-Chloé Trone, Alexis Vallard, Sophie Espenel, Julien Langrand-Escure, Anis Hamrouni, Majed Ben Mrad, Stéphanie Morisson, Patrick Michaud, Nicolas Magné, Chloé Rancoule
Background: Cancer patients tend to use more and more complementary or alternative medicine concomitantly to radiotherapy. A large part of these patients have recourse to Mind and Body practice, mainly with biofield healers or magnetizers, without any level of evidence. The aim of the present study was to report epidemiologic data on biofield healers in radiation therapy patients, and to assess the possible objective and subjective benefits. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a French cancer institute...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107312/using-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-to-treat-pain-and-agitation-in-dementia-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-from-long-term-care-with-potential-use-in-critical-care
#13
REVIEW
Alison R Anderson, Jie Deng, Robert S Anthony, Sebastian A Atalla, Todd B Monroe
The risk of pain in adults with dementia worsens with advancing age. Painful comorbidities may be underassessed and inadequately treated. Receiving treatment in critical care settings may indicate greater occurrences of pain and complications. Pain may exacerbate behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), such as agitation. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies may alleviate pain and BPSD, and continuity of therapy may bolster these therapeutic effects. This review did not reveal an apparent benefit of aromatherapy; however, improvements in BPSD have been shown previously...
December 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106634/tcmid-2-0-a-comprehensive-resource-for-tcm
#14
Lin Huang, Duoli Xie, Yiran Yu, Huanlong Liu, Yan Shi, Tieliu Shi, Chengping Wen
As a traditional medical intervention in Asia and a complementary and alternative medicine in western countries, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is capturing worldwide attention in life science field. Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID), which was originally launched in 2013, was a comprehensive database aiming at TCM's modernization and standardization. It has been highly recognized among pharmacologists and scholars in TCM researches. The latest release, TCMID 2.0 (http://www.megabionet...
November 2, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105234/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-australian-women-aged-45-and-older-who-consult-acupuncturists-for-their-osteoarthritis
#15
Lu Yang, Wenbo Peng, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: There is growing acupuncture use amongst people with osteoarthritis, and acupuncture has been shown to have a positive effect on osteoarthritis. The aim of the study is to identify the characteristics of Australian women who consult acupuncturists for osteoarthritis treatment in order to help inform patients, practitioners and policy makers about the range of health care options accessed by older women with osteoarthritis. METHODS: The research reported here involved participants from a sub-study of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study in Australia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101777/percutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-chronic-knee-pain-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#16
Da-Peng He, Jun Zhang, Zheng-Fa Bai
Context • Anti-inflammatory drugs are often used to treat chronic knee pain (CKP), but their long-term use is associated with decreased effectiveness and numerous side effects. Complementary and alternative medicine provides additional treatments for the condition, including percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS). However, the benefits of PENS for treatment of CKP are still controversial. Objective • The study intended to assess the effects and safety of PENS for treatment of CKP. Methods • This study was a 2-arm, randomized, sham-controlled trial...
November 4, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098921/black-salve-treatment-of-skin-cancer-a-review
#17
Alvin Lim
The use of complementary and alternative medicines in Australia has grown significantly. Much of this growth is due to their ease of accessibility from online vendors, often marketed with claims that are not scientifically tested. Black salve is a topical escharotic compound containing the active component sanguinarine, derived from the bloodroot plant. It has been advertised as a natural treatment for skin cancer. This article reviews the current state of black salve as an alternative skin cancer treatment, discussing its distribution and regulation, and provides a summary of clinical and laboratory studies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096896/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer
#18
Ramadevi Subramani, Rajkumar Lakshmanaswamy
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been in use among cancer patients for a long time. There are several types of CAM that are practiced in various parts of the world. For example, traditional medicinal practices followed in India and China are frequently used by cancer patients. CAM is broadly classified into five different categories: (1) traditional medicines, (2) mind-body interventions, (3) biology-based practices, (4) manipulative body-based practices, and (5) energy medicine. In this review, we have compiled data from the available literature regarding CAM use in breast cancer patients...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081822/southeast-asian-medicinal-plants-as-a-potential-source-of-antituberculosis-agent
#19
REVIEW
Shuaibu Babaji Sanusi, Mohd Fadzelly Abu Bakar, Maryati Mohamed, Siti Fatimah Sabran, Muhammad Murtala Mainasara
Despite all of the control strategies, tuberculosis (TB) is still a major cause of death globally and one-third of the world's population is infected with TB. The drugs used for TB treatment have drawbacks of causing adverse side effects and emergence of resistance strains. Plant-derived medicines have since been used in traditional medical system for the treatment of numerous ailments worldwide. There were nine major review publications on antimycobacteria from plants in the last 17 years. However, none is focused on Southeast Asian medicinal plants...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075644/royal-jelly-inhibits-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-adherence-and-reduces-excessive-inflammatory-responses-in-human-epithelial-cells
#20
Heni Susilowati, Keiji Murakami, Hiromichi Yumoto, Takashi Amoh, Kouji Hirao, Katsuhiko Hirota, Takashi Matsuo, Yoichiro Miyake
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium and causes respiratory infection especially in elderly patients. Royal jelly has been used worldwide as a traditional remedy and as a nutrient; however, the effect against P. aeruginosa is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze antibacterial, antiadherent, and anti-inflammatory effects of royal jelly against P. aeruginosa. Wild-type strain PAO1 and clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were used for antibacterial assay and antiadherent assay to abiotic surface and epithelial cells, which are pharynx (Detroit 562) and lung (NCI-H292) epithelial cells...
2017: BioMed Research International
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