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Dementia and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338323/psychosocial-interventions-for-people-with-dementia-a-synthesis-of-systematic-reviews
#1
Orii McDermott, Georgina Charlesworth, Eef Hogervorst, Charlotte Stoner, Esme Moniz-Cook, Aimee Spector, Emese Csipke, Martin Orrell
OBJECTIVES: Over the last 10 years there has been a multitude of studies of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia. However, clinical services face a dilemma about which intervention should be introduced into clinical practice because of the inconsistency in some of the findings between different studies and the differences in the study qualities and trustworthiness of evidence. There was a need to provide a comprehensive summary of the best evidence to illustrate what works...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334638/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Dan Song, Doris S F Yu, Polly W C Li, Yang Lei
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk for developing dementia. Physical exercise is a promising intervention for cognitive decline. Systematic reviews regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes among MCI patients are limited, and a systematic review exploring the effects of exercise modalities on the results has not been conducted. This study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes for MCI patients and attempted to identify which specific modality of exercise is more effective...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322314/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-elevated-serum-homocysteine-levels-among-older-adults
#3
Sunghee Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Jung Hyun Nam, Mi Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Oh, Yoon Jung Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the risk of cognitive impairment and the serum levels of folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine (Hcy). METHODS: Subjects were persons aged 60-79 years who participated in the Yangpyeong Cohort study between 2011 and 2012. Cognitive impairment and normal subjects consisted of 100 pairs of old adults matched by age, sex, and education levels. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289581/physical-exercise-improves-strength-balance-mobility-and-endurance-in-people-with-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review
#4
Freddy Mh Lam, Mei-Zhen Huang, Lin-Rong Liao, Raymond Ck Chung, Timothy Cy Kwok, Marco Yc Pang
QUESTION: Does physical exercise training improve physical function and quality of life in people with cognitive impairment and dementia? Which training protocols improve physical function and quality of life? How do cognitive impairment and other patient characteristics influence the outcomes of exercise training? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials. PARTICIPANTS: People with mild cognitive impairment or dementia as the primary diagnosis...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286983/aerobic-exercise-sustains-performance-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-early-stage-alzheimer-disease
#5
Eric D Vidoni, Jaime Perales, Mohammed Alshehri, Abdul-Mannaan Giles, Catherine F Siengsukon, Jeffrey M Burns
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD) experience progressive loss of independence-performing activities of daily living. Identifying interventions to support independence and reduce the economic and psychosocial burden of caregiving for individuals with AD is imperative. The purpose of this analysis was to examine functional disability and caregiver time in individuals with early-stage AD. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of 26 weeks of aerobic exercise (AEx) versus stretching and toning (ST)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282327/practice-guideline-update-summary-mild-cognitive-impairment-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#6
Ronald C Petersen, Oscar Lopez, Melissa J Armstrong, Thomas S D Getchius, Mary Ganguli, David Gloss, Gary S Gronseth, Daniel Marson, Tamara Pringsheim, Gregory S Day, Mark Sager, James Stevens, Alexander Rae-Grant
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2001 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline on mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: The guideline panel systematically reviewed MCI prevalence, prognosis, and treatment articles according to AAN evidence classification criteria, and based recommendations on evidence and modified Delphi consensus. RESULTS: MCI prevalence was 6.7% for ages 60-64, 8.4% for 65-69, 10.1% for 70-74, 14.8% for 75-79, and 25.2% for 80-84...
December 27, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260016/association-between-exercise-habits-and-subcortical-gray-matter-volumes-in-healthy-elderly-people-a-population-based-study-in-japan
#7
Mikie Yamamoto, Kenji Wada-Isoe, Fumio Yamashita, Satoko Nakashita, Masafumi Kishi, Kenichiro Tanaka, Mika Yamawaki, Kenji Nakashima
Background and aims: The relationship between exercise and subcortical gray matter volume is not well understood in the elderly population, although reports indicate that exercise may prevent cortical gray matter atrophy. To elucidate this association in the elderly, we measured subcortical gray matter volume and correlated this with volumes to exercise habits in a community-based cohort study in Japan. Methods: Subjects without mild cognitive impairment or dementia (n = 280, 35% male, mean age 73...
June 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240534/non-pharmacological-approaches-to-pain-management-in-residential-aged-care-a-pre-post-test-study
#8
Julie M Ellis, Yvonne Wells, June Su Ming Ong
OBJECTIVES: The project aimed to evaluate a pain management program (PMP) using non-pharmacological approaches at five residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Australia. METHODS: The PMP involved a physiotherapist implementing four sessions per week of treatments (massage therapy, TENS, exercises and stretching, or combinations of these). Ninety-five participants were recruited (average age, 83 years; SD = 7.6; 38% men, 62% women; 56% with dementia). Sessions lasted approximately 10 minutes, and residents' levels of pain were recorded using a 5-point scale before and after each treatment...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216339/exercise-training-for-preventing-dementia-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Laurent Demougeot, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of long-term exercise on the onset of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and other clinically meaningful cognitive decline in the elderly. METHODS: Systematic review with preplanned meta-analysis. Electronic searches were performed between November 2016 and May 2017. RCTs examining the effects of long-term exercise (intervention length 12 months or longer) on the onset of dementia, MCI, or clinically meaningful cognitive decline in older adults without dementia at baseline were eligible...
December 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210934/a-scoping-review-of-physical-performance-outcome-measures-used-in-exercise-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-and-related-dementias
#10
Ellen L McGough, Shih-Yin Lin, Basia Belza, Katie M Becofsky, Dina L Jones, Minhui Liu, Sara Wilcox, Rebecca G Logsdon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is growing evidence that exercise interventions can mitigate functional decline and reduce fall risk in older adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD). Although physical performance outcome measures have been successfully used in older adults without cognitive impairment, additional research is needed regarding their use with individuals who have ADRD, and who may have difficulty following instructions regarding performance of these measures...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209201/do-lifestyle-activities-protect-against-cognitive-decline-in-aging-a-review
#11
Gregory J Christie, Tara Hamilton, Bradley D Manor, Norman A S Farb, Faranak Farzan, Andrew Sixsmith, Jean-Jacques Temprado, Sylvain Moreno
The number of patients suffering from dementia is expected to more than triple by the year 2040, and this represents a major challenge to publicly-funded healthcare systems throughout the world. One of the most effective prevention mechanisms against dementia lies in increasing brain- and cognitive-reserve capacity, which has been found to reduce the behavioral severity of dementia symptoms as neurological degeneration progresses. To date though, most of the factors known to enhance this reserve stem from largely immutable history factors, such as level of education and occupational attainment...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208615/association-between-exercise-and-the-risk-of-dementia-results-from-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study-in-china
#12
Zi Zhou, Jian Fu, Y Alicia Hong, Ping Wang, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the causal association between exercise and the risk of dementia among older Chinese adults. DESIGN: Longitudinal population-based study with a follow-up duration of 9 years. SETTING: Data for the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey waves occurring from 2002 to 2011-2012 were extracted from the survey database. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 7501 dementia-free subjects who were older than 65 years were included at baseline...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203753/-definition-and-treatment-of-stroke-over-the-centuries
#13
Anna Starostka-Tatar, Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Mariusz Gąsior, Marek Gierlotka
Stroke was already diagnosed in the ancient times. For hundreds of years the treatment of this disease has changed radically. According to the current WHO definition, stroke is a clinical syndrome caused by focal or generalized brain injury that lasts more than 24 hours or leads to death and has no other cause than vascular. Stroke constitutes a big social and economic problem, as it can lead to death or disability. In the highly developed countries stroke is the third most common cause of adult deaths, the second leading cause of dementia, and the most common cause of disability...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200836/computerized-cognitive-stimulation-and-engagement-programs-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-comparing-feasibility-acceptability-and-cognitive-and-psychosocial-effects
#14
Leila Djabelkhir, Ya-Huei Wu, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Victoria Cristancho-Lacroix, Fabienne Marlats, Hermine Lenoir, Ariela Carno, Anne-Sophie Rigaud
Purpose: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with a higher risk of dementia and is becoming a topic of interest for pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. With advances in technology, computer-based cognitive exercises are increasingly integrated into traditional cognitive interventions, such as cognitive training. Another type of cognitive intervention involving technology use is cognitive engagement, consisting of involving participants in highly motivational and mentally challenging activities, such as learning to use a form of new digital technology...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188858/modest-overweight-and-healthy-dietary-habits-reduce-risk-of-dementia-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#15
C-Y Lee, Y Sun, H-J Lee, T-F Chen, P-N Wang, K-N Lin, L-Y Tang, C-C Lin, M-J Chiu
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the associations of dietary habits and body mass index with dementia is inconsistent and limited in East Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: We aim to explore the associations of dietary habits and body mass index with the odds of dementia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: A nationwide, population-based, door-to-door, in-person survey. PARTICIPANTS: Selected by computerized random sampling from all 19 counties in Taiwan...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170725/reduction-of-cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-or-at-high-risk-for-diabetes
#16
Gladys E Maestre
Purpose of review: The incidence of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders is expected to triple by 2050. People with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes have a higher risk of cognitive dysfunction, including Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Controversy remains about when and how to prevent and treat cognitive dysfunction in people with or at high risk of diabetes. Recent findings: In our review of ongoing clinical trials, we have found that there has been an increase in the number of studies assessing the efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to prevent or slow down cognitive impairment among people with or at high risk of diabetes...
September 2017: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164042/different-effects-of-cognitive-and-non-exercise-physical-leisure-activities-on-cognitive-function-by-age-in-elderly-korean-individuals
#17
Mi Sook Jung, Hyunli Kim, Yeji Lee, Mijung Kim, Eunyoung Chung
Objectives: We aimed to examine the effects of various leisure activities on cognitive impairment in young-old (aged 65-74 years) and old-old (aged ≥ 75 years) adults. Methods: In total, 10,279 elderly Korean individuals from the 2014 Korean National Survey on Older Adults' cohort were enrolled in our study. Cognitive impairment was assessed using the standardized score of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening, whereas leisure activities were recorded via self-reporting of the extent and type of leisure activity the subjects involved in over the past year...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153754/effects-of-combined-physical-and-cognitive-exercises-on-cognition-and-mobility-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a%C3%A2-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Hyuntae Park, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Joe Verghese, Takao Suzuki
IMPORTANCE: Although participation in physical and cognitive activities is encouraged to reduce the risk of dementia, the preventive efficacy of these activities for patients with mild cognitive impairment is unestablished. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cognitive and mobility effects of a 40-week program of combined cognitive and physical activity with those of a health education program. DESIGN: A randomized, parallel, single-blind controlled trial...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149797/findings-from-a-strength-based-moderate-intensity-exercise-interventions-for-individuals-with-dementia-innovative-practice
#19
Nicole Dawson, Hayden Gerhart, Katherine S Judge
Limited evidence exists regarding exercise interventions with individuals with dementia, which is often due to heterogeneity of methodology and outcomes being assessed. This led to the development and evaluation of a moderate-intensity home-based functional exercise program guided by theories from exercise science and the Strength-Based Approach. Data indicated excellent treatment adherence (99.04%) along with high levels of acceptability and feasibility in this sample (age 76.63 years (9.84); Mini Mental State Exam 18...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149790/impressions-of-using-the-cohen-mansfield-agitation-inventory-as-an-outcome-measure-lessons-learnt-for-future-clinical-researchers-innovative-practice
#20
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Shahla Meedya, Paul Stapley
The Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory was a tool originally developed for use in research to measure agitation and subsequently used in clinical settings. It was the primary outcome measure for a randomised controlled trial which evaluated the effects and feasibility of a physiotherapist-led physical exercise intervention on agitation and physical performance of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. The study produced weak results in regards to the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory due to small sample size and perceived issues with the use of the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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