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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#1
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910678/first-results-from-the-thomson-scattering-diagnostic-on-proto-mpex
#2
T M Biewer, S Meitner, J Rapp, H Ray, G Shaw
A Thomson scattering (TS) diagnostic has been successfully implemented on the prototype Material Plasma Exposure eXperiment (Proto-MPEX) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The diagnostic collects the light scattered by plasma electrons and spectroscopically resolves the Doppler shift imparted to the light by the velocity of the electrons. The spread in velocities is proportional to the electron temperature, while the total number of photons is proportional to the electron density. TS is a technique used on many devices to measure the electron temperature (Te) and electron density (ne) of the plasma...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910661/spider-beam-dump-as-diagnostic-of-the-particle-beam
#3
M Zaupa, M Dalla Palma, E Sartori, M Brombin, R Pasqualotto
The beam power produced by the negative ion source for the production of ion of deuterium extracted from RF plasma is mainly absorbed by the beam dump component which has been designed also for measuring the temperatures on the dumping panels for beam diagnostics. A finite element code has been developed to characterize, by thermo-hydraulic analysis, the sensitivity of the beam dump to the different beam parameters. The results prove the capability of diagnosing the beam divergence and the horizontal misalignment, while the entity of the halo fraction appears hardly detectable without considering the other foreseen diagnostics like tomography and beam emission spectroscopy...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910628/final-design-of-thermal-diagnostic-system-in-spider-ion-source
#4
M Brombin, M Dalla Palma, R Pasqualotto, N Pomaro
The prototype radio frequency source of the ITER heating neutral beams will be first tested in SPIDER test facility to optimize H(-) production, cesium dynamics, and overall plasma characteristics. Several diagnostics will allow to fully characterise the beam in terms of uniformity and divergence and the source, besides supporting a safe and controlled operation. In particular, thermal measurements will be used for beam monitoring and system protection. SPIDER will be instrumented with mineral insulated cable thermocouples, both on the grids, on other components of the beam source, and on the rear side of the beam dump water cooled elements...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910347/electron-density-profile-measurements-from-hydrogen-line-intensity-ratio-method-in-versatile-experiment-spherical-torus
#5
YooSung Kim, Yue-Jiang Shi, Jeong-Hun Yang, SeongCheol Kim, Young-Gi Kim, Jeong-Jeung Dang, Seongmoo Yang, Jungmin Jo, Soo-Ghee Oh, Kyoung-Jae Chung, Y S Hwang
Electron density profiles of versatile experiment spherical torus plasmas are measured by using a hydrogen line intensity ratio method. A fast-frame visible camera with appropriate bandpass filters is used to detect images of Balmer line intensities. The unique optical system makes it possible to take images of Hα and Hβ radiation simultaneously, with only one camera. The frame rate is 1000 fps and the spatial resolution of the system is about 0.5 cm. One-dimensional local emissivity profiles have been obtained from the toroidal line of sight with viewing dumps...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910334/in-vacuum-sensors-for-the-beamline-components-of-the-iter-neutral-beam-test-facility
#6
M Dalla Palma, R Pasqualotto, E Sartori, S Spagnolo, M Spolaore, P Veltri
Embedded sensors have been designed for installation on the components of the MITICA beamline, the prototype ITER neutral beam injector (Megavolt ITER Injector and Concept Advancement), to derive characteristics of the particle beam and to monitor the component conditions during operation for protection and thermal control. Along the beamline, the components interacting with the particle beam are the neutralizer, the residual ion dump, and the calorimeter. The design and the positioning of sensors on each component have been developed considering the expected beam-surface interaction including non-ideal and off-normal conditions...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909211/application-of-material-flow-analysis-to-municipal-solid-waste-in-maputo-city-mozambique
#7
Leticia Sarmento Dos Muchangos, Akihiro Tokai, Atsuko Hanashima
Understanding waste flows within an urban area is important for identifying the main problems and improvement opportunities for efficient waste management. Assessment tools such as material flow analysis (MFA), an extensively applied method in waste management studies, provide a structured and objective evaluating process to characterize the waste management system best, to identify its shortcomings and to propose suitable strategies. This paper presents the application of MFA to municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in Maputo City, the capital of Mozambique...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906295/diode-pumped-alexandrite-lasers-in-q-switched-and-cavity-dumped-q-switched-operation
#8
G M Thomas, A Minassian, X Sheng, M J Damzen
We present the first study of Q-switched Alexandrite lasers under continuous-wave diode-pumping with operation up to 10 kHz repetition rates in TEM<sub>00</sub>, with spatial quality M<sup>2</sup> 1.15. With a pulsed-diode dual-end-pumped design, pulse energy is scaled to a record level of 3 mJ. We also demonstrate, for the first time, cavity-dumped Q-switching of diode-pumped Alexandrite lasers under continuous-wave and pulsed diode-pumping, up to 10 kHz. Pulse energy of 510 μJ is demonstrated with 3 ns pulse duration and 170 kW peak power, in TEM<sub>00</sub> with M<sup>2</sup> < 1...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899610/malacards-an-amalgamated-human-disease-compendium-with-diverse-clinical-and-genetic-annotation-and-structured-search
#9
Noa Rappaport, Michal Twik, Inbar Plaschkes, Ron Nudel, Tsippi Iny Stein, Jacob Levitt, Moran Gershoni, C Paul Morrey, Marilyn Safran, Doron Lancet
The MalaCards human disease database (http://www.malacards.org/) is an integrated compendium of annotated diseases mined from 68 data sources. MalaCards has a web card for each of ∼20 000 disease entries, in six global categories. It portrays a broad array of annotation topics in 15 sections, including Summaries, Symptoms, Anatomical Context, Drugs, Genetic Tests, Variations and Publications. The Aliases and Classifications section reflects an algorithm for disease name integration across often-conflicting sources, providing effective annotation consolidation...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896584/soil-contamination-assessment-for-pb-zn-and-cd-in-a-slag-disposal-area-using-the-integration-of-geochemical-and-microbiological-data
#10
Mariana Consiglio Kasemodel, Jacqueline Zanin Lima, Isabel Kimiko Sakamoto, Maria Bernadete Amancio Varesche, Julio Cesar Trofino, Valéria Guimarães Silvestre Rodrigues
Improper disposal of mining waste is still considered a global problem, and further details on the contamination by potentially toxic metals are required for a proper assessment. In this context, it is important to have a combined view of the chemical and biological changes in the mining dump area. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the Pb, Zn and Cd contamination in a slag disposal area using the integration of geochemical and microbiological data. Analyses of soil organic matter (SOM), pH, Eh, pseudo-total concentration of metals, sequential extraction and microbial community by polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) were conducted...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895285/application-of-stability-indicators-for-the-assessment-of-the-degradation-of-residual-household-waste-before-landfilling
#11
Thouraya Chantou, Geneviève Feuillade, Denis Mausset, Guy Matejka
In France, domestic waste production is estimated at c 350 kg year(-1) per person and landfilling still represents a predominant way of municipal solid waste management, with 39% of waste dumped in 2007. Waste characterization campaigns were conducted at different stages of a mechanical-biological treatment process in order to evaluate its efficiency. Waste samples were sorted by size (>100 mm, <100-20 mm and <20 mm) in order to assess the opportunity for mechanical and aerobic degradation and to reduce the volume of waste landfilled...
December 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890409/geochemistry-of-arsenic-in-low-sulfide-high-carbonate-coal-waste-rock-elk-valley-british-columbia-canada
#12
Ashis Biswas, M Jim Hendry, Joseph Essilfie-Dughan
This study investigated the geochemistry of arsenic (As) in low sulfide-high carbonate coal waste rock of the Elk Valley, British Columbia, Canada. Its abundance and mineralogical associations in waste rock of different placement periods were determined in addition to its mobilization into porewater and rock-drain effluent. The mean (5.34mg/kg; 95% confidence interval: 4.95-5.73mg/kg) As concentration in the waste rock was typical of sedimentary rock. Electron microprobe and As K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopic analyses showed the As is predominantly associated with primary pyrites in both source and freshly blasted waste rock...
November 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889074/compositional-shifts-in-bacterial-communities-associated-with-the-coral-palythoa-caribaeorum-due-to-anthropogenic-effects
#13
Gustavo Vasconcelos Bastos Paulino, Leonardo Broetto, Victor Satler Pylro, Melissa Fontes Landell
Corals harbor abundant and diverse prokaryotic communities that may be strongly influenced by human activities, which in turn compromise the normal functioning of coral species and predispose them to opportunistic infections. In this study, we investigated the effect of sewage dumping on the bacterial communities associated with the soft coral Palythoa caribaeorum at two sites in the Brazilian coast. We observed a dominance of bacterial species classified as human pathogens at sites exposed to untreated sewage discharge...
November 23, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887733/determining-oxidative-stress-and-erod-activity-in-dab-limanda-limanda-in-the-north-and-baltic-seas
#14
Sturve Joachim, Hultman T Maria, Wassmur Britt, Carney Almroth Bethanie
The North and Baltic Seas are heavily trafficked marine areas with extensive anthropogenic activities, including cargo and fishing vessels, waste dumping, oil platforms, industrial activities and contamination from coastal runoff. In order to evaluate the environmental health of these regions, we used the demersal fish dab (Limanda limanda) as a sentinel species. The current study used well-established biomarkers for PAH exposure and oxidative stress, measuring EROD activity, the acute antioxidant response as well as oxidation of proteins detected as protein carbonyl levels...
November 1, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883913/water-contamination-with-heavy-metals-and-trace-elements-from-kilembe-copper-mine-and-tailing-sites-in-western-uganda-implications-for-domestic-water-quality
#15
Mwesigye R Abraham, Tumwebaze B Susan
The mining and processing of copper in Kilembe, Western Uganda, from 1956 to 1982 left over 15 Mt of cupriferous and cobaltiferous pyrite dumped within a mountain river valley, in addition to mine water which is pumped to the land surface. This study was conducted to assess the sources and concentrations of heavy metals and trace elements in Kilembe mine catchment water. Multi-element analysis of trace elements from point sources and sinks was conducted which included mine tailings, mine water, mine leachate, Nyamwamba River water, public water sources and domestic water samples using ICP-MS...
November 22, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872406/life-cycle-assessment-of-potential-municipal-solid-waste-management-strategies-for-mumbai-india
#16
Bhupendra K Sharma, Munish K Chandel
Dumping of municipal solid waste into uncontrolled dumpsites is the most common method of waste disposal in most cities of India. These dumpsites are posing a serious challenge to environmental quality and sustainable development. Mumbai, which generates over 9000 t of municipal solid waste daily, also disposes of most of its waste in open dumps. It is important to analyse the impact of municipal solid waste disposal today and what would be the impact under integrated waste management schemes. In this study, life cycle assessment methodology was used to determine the impact of municipal solid waste management under different scenarios...
November 20, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866998/tomographic-inversion-of-time-domain-resistivity-and-chargeability-data-for-the-investigation-of-landfills-using-a-priori-information
#17
Giorgio De Donno, Ettore Cardarelli
In this paper, we present a new code for the modelling and inversion of resistivity and chargeability data using a priori information to improve the accuracy of the reconstructed model for landfill. When a priori information is available in the study area, we can insert them by means of inequality constraints on the whole model or on a single layer or assigning weighting factors for enhancing anomalies elongated in the horizontal or vertical directions. However, when we have to face a multilayered scenario with numerous resistive to conductive transitions (the case of controlled landfills), the effective thickness of the layers can be biased...
November 17, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859950/dumping-syndrome-after-esophagectomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Piers R Boshier, Jeremy R Huddy, Giovanni Zaninotto, George B Hanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833389/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-after-gastrectomy-as-assessed-using-the-newly-developed-pgsas-45-scale-a-nationwide-multi-institutional-study
#19
Koji Nakada, Masazumi Takahashi, Masami Ikeda, Shinichi Kinami, Masashi Yoshida, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Sayumi Nakao, Atsushi Oshio, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Masanori Terashima, Yasuhiro Kodera
AIM: To identify certain clinical factors other than the type of gastrectomy which affect the postoperative quality of life (QOL) of patients after gastrectomy. METHODS: The postgastrectomy syndrome assessment scale (PGSAS)-45 was designed to assess the severity of symptoms, the living status and the QOL of gastrectomized patients. It consists of 45 items, of which 22 are original items while 23 were retrieved from the SF-8 and Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale questionnaires with permission...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825199/-sentieri-renam-burden-of-disease-from-mesothelioma-in-national-priority-contaminated-sites-in-italy
#20
Roberto Pasetto, Lucia Fazzo, Amerigo Zona, Caterina Bruno, Roberta Pirastu, Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Stefano Silvestri, Pietro Comba, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: in Italy, National Priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs) are defined as of concern for remediation; most of them are sites with a long-lasting industrial activity. OBJECTIVE: the study aims to estimate the burden of disease from mesothelioma in NPCSs. DESIGN: mesothelioma incidence in the period 2000-2011 was estimated for the populations residing in the 39 Italian NPCSs. Data were taken from the Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM)...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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