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Child suicide risk factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#1
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#2
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#3
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664050/association-between-perceived-stressfulness-of-stressful-life-events-and-the-suicidal-risk-in-chinese-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Jing-Yu Lin, Yu Huang, Yun-Ai Su, Xin Yu, Xiao-Zhen Lyu, Qi Liu, Tian-Mei Si
Background: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) usually have high risk of suicidality. Few studies have investigated the effects of stressful life events (SLEs) on the risk of suicide in Chinese patients who have developed MDD. This study aimed to investigate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk in Chinese patients with MDD. Methods: In total, 1029 patients with MDD were included from nine psychiatric hospitals to evaluate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#5
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620636/clinical-characteristic-and-risk-factors-of-recurrent-sexual-abuse-and-delayed-reported-sexual-abuse-in-childhood
#6
Mei-Hua Hu, Go-Shine Huang, Jing-Long Huang, Chang-Teng Wu, An-Shine Chao, Fu-Sung Lo, Han-Ping Wu
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a global problem that affects children of all ages, and the evaluation of these victims by psychologic and gynecologic experts in pediatric emergency departments is an important issue. Few data are available on the characteristics of children admitted to pediatric emergency department with recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of, and risk factors for, recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The study retrospectively analyzed victims of CSA who were admitted to a pediatric emergency department...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590281/association-of-childhood-irritability-and-depressive-anxious-mood-profiles-with-adolescent-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#7
Massimiliano Orri, Cedric Galera, Gustavo Turecki, Alberto Forte, Johanne Renaud, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Claude Geoffroy
Importance: Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (suicidality) are common in adolescence and a public health concern. Childhood depression is a key risk factor for later suicidality and often co-occurs with irritability. No study to date has examined the joint association of depressive mood and irritability during childhood with later suicidality. Objective: To investigate the association of childhood irritability and depressive/anxious mood profiles with adolescent suicidality...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565844/characteristics-of-and-precipitating-circumstances-surrounding-suicide-among-persons-aged-10-17-years-utah-2011-2015
#8
Francis B Annor, Marissa L Zwald, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson
In 2015, suicide was the third leading cause of death among persons aged 10-17 years (1), and in Utah, the age-adjusted suicide rate was consistently higher than the national rate during the past decade (2). In January 2017, the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) invited CDC to assist with an epidemiologic investigation of suicides among youths aged 10-17 years during 2011-2015 to identify precipitating factors. CDC analyzed data from the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS), National Vital Statistics System, and additional information collected in the field...
March 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486551/a-comparative-study-of-suicide-rates-among-10-19-year-olds-in-29-oecd-countries
#9
Beop-Rae Roh, Eun Hee Jung, Hyun Ju Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study had two main objectives: to compare current suicide rates in OECD countries among 10-19-year-olds and to identify patterns of suicide rates based on age, gender and time. Furthermore we investigated the main dimensions that contributed to the variation in child and adolescent suicide rates across countries. METHODS: We combined the WHO mortality data and the population data released by OECD to calculate the suicide rates in 29 OECD countries...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425129/suicidal-ideation-among-youth-living-in-the-slums-of-kampala-uganda
#10
Rachel Culbreth, Monica H Swahn, David Ndetei, Lynnette Ametewee, Rogers Kasirye
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with suicidal ideation among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on cross-sectional survey data, collected in 2014, of a convenience sample ( n = 1134) of urban service-seeking youth participating in a Uganda Youth Development Link drop-in center. Logistic regression analyses were computed to determine the psychosocial factors associated with suicidal ideation. Among youth participants, 23.54% ( n = 266) reported suicidal ideation in the past year...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#11
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407536/differential-associations-between-patterns-of-child-maltreatment-and-comorbidity-in-adult-depressed-patients
#12
Jeannette Brodbeck, Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Antje Fehr, Christina Späth, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Types of maltreatment often co-occur and it is unclear how maltreatment patterns impact on comorbidity in depressed patients. METHODS: We analysed associations of maltreatment patterns with a broad range of comorbidities assessed with diagnostic interviews in 311 treatment-seeking depressed outpatients. RESULTS: Latent class analyses identified a "no maltreatment class" (39%), a "mild to moderate abuse and neglect class" (34%), a "severe abuse and neglect class" (14%) and a "severe neglect class" (13%)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304045/maternal-suicide-register-based-study-of-all-suicides-occurring-after-delivery-in-sweden-1974-2009
#14
Henrik Lysell, Marie Dahlin, Alexander Viktorin, Elsa Ljungberg, Brian M D'Onofrio, Paul Dickman, Bo Runeson
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that having a newborn child is associated with substantially reduced risk for maternal suicide. We studied postpartum suicides in a national cohort of mothers and the role of mental disorder, self-harm and delivery related factors. METHODS: We used a nested case-control design with data from Swedish registries. The cohort consisted of all women given birth in Sweden 1974-2009. Mothers who died by suicide during follow-up were considered cases (n = 1,786) and risk of suicide was estimated with proximity to delivery as the explanatory variable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295021/risk-and-protective-factors-of-child-to-parent-violence-a-comparison-between-physical-and-verbal-aggression
#15
Laura Beckmann, Marie Christine Bergmann, Franziska Fischer, Thomas Mößle
Child-to-parent violence (CPV) is a social problem that remains vastly understudied compared with other forms of family violence. The aim of this study is to identify family and child risk and protective factors of CPV, and to investigate whether they differentially predict physical and verbal parent-directed violence among boys and girls. Predictors include parenting behavior during childhood (physical and verbal violence, warmth, monitoring) and respondents' individual characteristics (suicidal ideation, self-control, problematic substance use)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189502/connecting-the-dots-state-health-department-approaches-to-addressing-shared-risk-and-protective-factors-across-multiple-forms-of-violence
#16
Natalie Wilkins, Lindsey Myers, Tomei Kuehl, Alice Bauman, Marci Hertz
Violence takes many forms, including intimate partner violence, sexual violence, child abuse and neglect, bullying, suicidal behavior, and elder abuse and neglect. These forms of violence are interconnected and often share the same root causes. They can also co-occur together in families and communities and can happen at the same time or at different stages of life. Often, due to a variety of factors, separate, "siloed" approaches are used to address each form of violence. However, understanding and implementing approaches that prevent and address the overlapping root causes of violence (risk factors) and promote factors that increase the resilience of people and communities (protective factors) can help practitioners more effectively and efficiently use limited resources to prevent multiple forms of violence and save lives...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180462/global-human-trafficking-and-child-victimization
#17
REVIEW
Jordan Greenbaum, Nia Bodrick
Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions. Preventing child trafficking, recognizing victimization, and intervening appropriately require a public health approach that incorporates rigorous research on the risk factors, health impact, and effective treatment options for child exploitation as well as implementation and evaluation of primary prevention programs...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168024/teenage-pregnancy-and-long-term-mental-health-outcomes-among-indigenous-women-in-canada
#18
Chloé G Xavier, Hilary K Brown, Anita C Benoit
Our objectives were to (1) compare the risks for poor long-term mental health outcomes among indigenous women with and without a teenage pregnancy and (2) determine if community and cultural factors modify this risk. We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey. Respondents were women aged 25 to 49 years who had given birth to at least one child. Teenage mothers (age at first birth 13 to 19 years; n = 1330) were compared to adult mothers (age at first birth 20 years or older; n = 2630)...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164350/predictors-of-partial-hospital-readmission-for-young-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#19
John R Boekamp, Richard T Liu, Sarah E Martin, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Anthony Spirito
This study aimed to: (1) examine rates of readmission among young children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) following discharge from a psychiatric partial hospital treatment program, and (2) examine child factors (i.e., age, sex, co-occurring diagnoses, suicidality) and family factors (i.e., parental depression, stress) as prospective predictors of readmission. Participants were 261 children (ages 3-7 years) who entered the study at the time of their initial program admission and who met DSM-IV criteria for ODD...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158585/child-abuse-associates-with-an-imbalance-of-oligodendrocyte-lineage-cells-in-ventromedial-prefrontal-white-matter
#20
A Tanti, J J Kim, M Wakid, M-A Davoli, G Turecki, N Mechawar
Child abuse (CA) is a major risk factor for depression, and strongly associates with suicidal behavior during adulthood. Neuroimaging studies have reported widespread changes in white matter integrity and brain connectivity in subjects with a history of CA. Although such observations could reflect changes in myelin and oligodendrocyte function, their cellular underpinnings have never been addressed. Using postmortem brain samples from depressed suicides with or without history of CA and matched controls (18 per group), we aimed to characterize the effects of CA on oligodendrocyte-lineage (OL) cells in the ventromedial prefrontal white matter...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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