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Child suicide risk factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885148/injury-interiority-and-isolation-in-men-s-suicidality
#1
John L Oliffe, Genevieve Creighton, Steve Robertson, Alex Broom, Emily K Jenkins, John S Ogrodniczuk, Olivier Ferlatte
Men's high suicide rates have been linked to individual risk factors including history of being abused as a child, single marital status, and financial difficulties. While it has also been suggested that the normative influences of hegemonic masculinities are implicated in men's suicide, the gendered experiences of male suicidality are poorly understood. In the current photovoice study, 20 men who previously had suicidal thoughts, plans, and/or attempts were interviewed as a means to better understanding the connections between masculinities and their experiences of suicidality...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#2
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738194/prevention-starts-with-awareness-adoptive-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#3
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727324/death-of-a-close-relative-and-the-risk-of-suicide-in-sweden-a-large-scale-register-based-case-crossover-study
#4
Hanna Mogensen, Jette Möller, Hanna Hultin, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Bereavement is thought to be a risk factor for suicide but the association has not been thoroughly investigated according to specific sensitive time periods and risk groups using a self-matched design. We aimed to 1) determine the risk of suicide within the first year after death of a close relative, 2) investigate if and how the risk changes within this time window and 3) determine if sex, age, and type of relationship, affect this association. METHODS: A self-matched, case-crossover study was performed by linking Swedish registers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716512/adolescent-self-injurers-comparing-non-ideators-suicide-ideators-and-suicide-attempters
#5
Jeremy G Stewart, Erika C Esposito, Catherine R Glenn, Stephen E Gilman, Bryan Pridgen, Joseph Gold, Randy P Auerbach
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are serious health concerns; however, factors that contribute to the transition from NSSI to suicide ideation and suicide attempts are unclear. To address this gap, we investigated whether demographic characteristics, child maltreatment, and psychiatric factors are associated with the level suicidality among adolescents with a history of self-injury. Participants were three groups of adolescent inpatient self-injurers (n = 397, 317 female), aged 13-18 years (M = 15...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711150/the-association-of-current-violence-from-adult-family-members-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement-and-suicidal-feelings
#6
Shinya Fujikawa, Shuntaro Ando, Shinji Shimodera, Shinsuke Koike, Satoshi Usami, Rie Toriyama, Sho Kanata, Tsukasa Sasaki, Kiyoto Kasai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
Although several studies have reported that child physical abuse increased the risk for bullying involvement, the effect of current violence from adult family members (CVA) on bullying involvement and suicidal feelings among adolescents has not been sufficiently examined. This study investigated the association of CVA with adolescent bullying involvement and the interaction effect of CVA and bullying involvement on suicidal feelings. This cross-sectional study used data from a school-based survey with a general population of adolescents (grades 7 to 12)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630172/the-long-term-co-occurrence-of-psychiatric-illness-and-behavioral-problems-following-child-sexual-abuse
#7
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James Rp Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing body of research investigating the relationship between child sexual abuse and a range of adverse outcomes. However, very little is known about the long-term co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems among this vulnerable population, or the interaction between characteristics of the abuse, such as the nature and timing of the child sexual abuse, and the extent of subsequent adversities. This study aimed to determine the rate and co-occurrence of mental health morbidity, criminal justice system contact, and fatal self-harm among medically confirmed victims of child sexual abuse, and to identify abuse variables associated with a greater likelihood of cumulative adverse experiences...
September 14, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578771/factors-associated-with-suicidal-thought-and-help-seeking-behaviour-in-transition-aged-youth-versus-adults
#8
Nathalie MacKinnon, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death for transition-aged youth (TAY), and yet few studies examine correlates of suicidal ideation specifically in this age demographic (age 18-24 years). The transition to adulthood is a unique context, marked by novel stressors (e.g., joining the workforce) and increased independence, which may influence risk factors for suicidal ideation. This study examined correlates of suicidal ideation in TAY and adults and contrasted profiles across age...
August 30, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382291/effects-of-perpetrator-identity-on-suicidality-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-sexually-victimized-female-adolescents
#9
Gulsen Unlu, Burcu Cakaloz
PURPOSE: Child sexual abuse and sexual dating violence victimization are common problems that are known to have long-term negative consequences. This study aimed to compare the sociodemographic, abuse-related, and clinical features of female adolescents who were sexually abused by different perpetrators, and identify the factors associated with suicidality and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 254 sexually abused female adolescents between the ages of 12-18 years were evaluated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354459/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-in-adolescents
#10
Benjamin Shain
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents 15 to 19 years old. This report updates the previous statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and is intended to assist pediatricians, in collaboration with other child and adolescent health care professionals, in the identification and management of the adolescent at risk for suicide. Suicide risk can only be reduced, not eliminated, and risk factors provide no more than guidance. Nonetheless, care for suicidal adolescents may be improved with the pediatrician's knowledge, skill, and comfort with the topic, as well as ready access to appropriate community resources and mental health professionals...
July 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352091/the-independent-effects-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-impulsivity-on-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-female-patients
#11
Federico M Daray, Sasha M Rojas, Ana J Bridges, Christal L Badour, Leandro Grendas, Demián Rodante, Soledad Puppo, Federico Rebok
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a causal agent in many negative adulthood outcomes, including the risk for life-threatening behaviors such as suicide ideation and suicide attempts. Traumatic events such as CSA may pose risk in the healthy development of cognitive and emotional functioning during childhood. In fact, high impulsivity, a risk factor for suicidal behavior, is characteristic of CSA victims. The current study aims to understand the relations among CSA, impulsivity, and frequency of lifetime suicide attempts among a female patient sample admitted for suicidal behavior...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335999/measuring-the-gap-a-health-assessment-of-rural-chinese-children-compared-to-urban-children
#12
Xinshu She, Deqing Zhao, Jenna Scholnick
China is a large country where rapid development is accompanied by growing inequalities. How economic inequalities translate to health inequalities is unknown. Baseline health assessment is lacking among rural Chinese children. We aimed at assessing baseline student health of rural Chinese children and comparing them with those of urban children of similar ages. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the 2003 Global School-Based Student Health Survey among 100 students Grade 4 to 6 from rural Guizhou, China...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290608/child-abuse-and-the-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-those-reporting-suicide-ideation
#13
Michael S Martin, Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Tracie O Afifi, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: Victims of child abuse may be at increased risk of acting on suicide ideation, although this has not been empirically tested. We estimated the risk of suicide attempts associated with child abuse among individuals who reported suicide ideation. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the population-based Canadian Community Health Survey Mental Health (n = 828). This population-based survey included various structured questionnaires, including the Composite International Diagnostic Interview to assess mental illness and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
November 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285725/antenatal-depression-and-adversity-in-urban-south-africa
#14
Thandi van Heyningen, Landon Myer, Michael Onah, Mark Tomlinson, Sally Field, Simone Honikman
BACKGROUND: In low and middle-income countries (LMIC), common mental disorders affecting pregnant women receive low priority, despite their disabling effect on maternal functioning and negative impact on child health and development. We investigated the prevalence of risk factors for antenatal depression among women living in adversity in a low-resource, urban setting in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: The MINI Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI Plus) was used to measure the diagnostic prevalence of depression amongst women attending their first antenatal visit at a primary-level, community-based clinic...
October 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246328/early-mortality-from-external-causes-in-aboriginal-mothers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Jenny Fairthorne, Roz Walker, Nick de Klerk, Carrington Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Maternal loss can have a deep-rooted impact on families. Whilst a disproportionate number of Aboriginal women die from potentially preventable causes, no research has investigated mortality in Aboriginal mothers. We aimed to examine the elevated mortality risk in Aboriginal mothers with a focus on external causes. METHODS: We linked data from four state administrative datasets to identify all women who had a child from 1983 to 2010 in Western Australia and ascertained their Aboriginality, socio-demographic details, and their dates and causes of death prior to 2011...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236279/suicide-in-children-and-young-people-in-england-a-consecutive-case-series
#16
Cathryn Rodway, Su-Gwan Tham, Saied Ibrahim, Pauline Turnbull, Kirsten Windfuhr, Jenny Shaw, Nav Kapur, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: There is concern about the mental health of children and young people and a possible rise in suicidal behaviour in this group. We have done a comprehensive national multi-agency study of suicide in under 20s in England. We aimed to establish how frequently suicide is preceded by child-specific and young person-specific suicide risk factors, as well as all-age factors, and to identify contact with health-care and social-care services and justice agencies. METHODS: This study is a descriptive examination of suicide in a national consecutive sample of children and young people younger than 20 years who died by suicide in England between Jan 1, 2014, and April 30, 2015...
August 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178325/internet-use-and-electronic-gaming-by-children-and-adolescents-with-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-australia-results-from-the-second-child-and-adolescent-survey-of-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#17
Wavne Rikkers, David Lawrence, Jennifer Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised of a potential connection between excessive online activity outside the academic realm and increased levels of psychological distress in young people. Young Minds Matter: the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing provides estimates of the prevalence of online activity and allows an exploration of associations between this activity, a range of mental disorders, socio-demographic characteristics and risk taking behaviour...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148402/predictors-of-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-pregnant-women-in-a-peri-urban-south-african-setting
#18
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drugs (AOD) use among pregnant women have been associated with adverse health outcomes for mother and child, during and after pregnancy. Factors associated with AOD use among women include age, poverty, unemployment, and interpersonal conflict. Few studies have looked at demographic, economic, and psychosocial factors as predictors of AOD use among pregnant women in low-income, peri-urban settings. The study aimed to determine the association between these risk factors and alcohol and drug use among pregnant women in Hanover Park, Cape Town...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146308/risk-factors-and-characteristics-of-suicide-attempts-among-381-suicidal-adolescents
#19
Rikke Lindgaard Hedeland, Grete Teilmann, Marianne Hørby Jørgensen, Line Rejkjaer Thiesen, Jesper Andersen
AIM: This study explored the relationships between suicidal adolescents and their parents, siblings and friends. It examined how much adolescents talked to their parents before suicide attempts, the frequency of self-mutilation, the extent of suicidal ideation, previous suicide attempts and suicide attempts in the adolescent's surroundings. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional case-control study that focused on 381 adolescents aged 10-17 years who were admitted to hospitals across Denmark after suicide attempts with acetaminophen and 296 age- and gender-matched controls recruited from schools...
October 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094107/effects-of-a-military-parenting-program-on-parental-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-after-deployment-adaptive-parenting-tools
#20
Abigail H Gewirtz, David S DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir
Few studies have examined whether parenting prevention programs might mitigate risk for suicidality in parents, yet parent suicidality is a strong risk factor for offspring suicidality. We report results from a randomized controlled trial of a parenting program for deployed National Guard and Reserve families with a school-aged child. Intent-to-treat analyses showed that random assignment to the parenting program (ADAPT) was associated with improved parenting locus of control (LOC). Improved parenting LOC was concurrently associated with strengthened emotion regulation which predicted reductions in psychological distress and suicidal ideation at 12 months postbaseline...
April 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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