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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934807/development-of-report-turnaround-times-in-a-university-department-of-radiology-during-implementation-of-a-reformed-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
Liane Albrecht, Martin H Maurer, Tim Seithe, Joachim Braun, Richard Gummert, Jonas Auer, Keno Sponheuer, Tobias Philipp Meyl, Bernd Hamm, Maximilian de Bucourt
Purpose The implementation of a reformed curriculum for undergraduate medical education with a problem-oriented focus and more bedside teaching in small groups increases the academic teaching workload. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in teaching duties is associated with an increase in report turnaround times of radiologists or increased unplanned absence during term times compared with term breaks (lecture-free periods) and over the whole period under investigation. Materials and Methods The database of all radiological examinations performed at a large German university hospital was retrospectively analyzed for a two-year period from the winter term 2011/12 to the summer term 2013...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934794/effects-of-epidemiological-factors-and-pressure-pain-measurements-in-predicting-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-survey-of-1-002-chinese-patients
#2
Guangyou Duan, Shanna Guo, Yuhao Zhang, Ying Ying, Penghao Huang, Li Zhang, Xianwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A high degree of inter-individual differences was noted in human basal pain as well as the reporting of clinical pain, such as postoperative pain. Understanding the effects of common epidemiological variations and preoperative experimental methods of human pain perception may contribute to individualized pain treatment for patients. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to assess the role of epidemiological factors and preoperative experimental pain sensitivity for predicting postoperative pain and to analyze the potential effects of epidemiological factors on experimental pain sensitivity...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934790/factors-associated-with-successful-responses-to-transforaminal-balloon-adhesiolysis-for-chronic-lumbar-foraminal-stenosis-retrospective-study
#3
Doo Hwan Kim, Seong-Sik Cho, Yeon-Jin Moon, Koo Kwon, Kunhee Lee, Jeong-Gil Leem, Jin-Woo Shin, Ji Hyun Park, Seong-Soo Choi
BACKGROUND: Recently, transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis was introduced to manage patients with chronic radicular pain occurring with or without low back pain. However, the factors associated with successful responses to transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis are not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with successful responses to transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis for chronic lumbar spinal stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934782/the-dose-dependent-effects-of-ketoprofen-on-dynamic-pain-after-open-heart-surgery
#4
Vedat Eljezi, Claire Biboulet, Henri Boby, Pierre Schoeffler, Bruno Pereira, Christian Duale
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce postoperative pain, in both static (i.e., at rest) and dynamic contexts (e.g., during coughing or mobilization), and reduced doses could improve their efficacy/tolerance balance. OBJECTIVES: To test this hypothesis of efficacy after open heart surgery, in which NSAIDs are poorly used, particularly for safety concerns. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Single-center, French university hospital...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934623/a-scoping-review-of-human-support-factors-in-the-context-of-internet-based-psychological-interventions-ipis-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Michael Bleidistel, Adam Gonzalez
Internet-based psychological interventions (IPIs) may provide a highly accessible alternative to in-person psychotherapy. However, little is known about the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the evidence in the literature regarding the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders; identify research gaps; and provide recommendations. A scoping review of randomized controlled trials was conducted using seven databases...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934441/2-dose-schedule-of-as04-adjuvanted-human-papillomavirus-types-16-18-vaccine
#6
Dimitri Poddighe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934215/tracing-the-temporal-stability-of-autism-spectrum-diagnosis-and-severity-as-measured-by-the-autism-diagnostic-observation-schedule-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Łucja Bieleninik, Maj-Britt Posserud, Monika Geretsegger, Grace Thompson, Cochavit Elefant, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Exploring ways to improve the trajectory and symptoms of autism spectrum disorder is prevalent in research, but less is known about the natural prognosis of autism spectrum disorder and course of symptoms. The objective of this study was to examine the temporal stability of autism spectrum disorder and autism diagnosis, and the longitudinal trajectories of autism core symptom severity. We furthermore sought to identify possible predictors for change. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library up to October 2015 for prospective cohort studies addressing the autism spectrum disorder/autism diagnostic stability, and prospective studies of intervention effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933604/the-nottingham-fatigue-after-stroke-notfast-study-factors-associated-with-severity-of-fatigue-in-stroke-patients-without-depression
#8
Avril Drummond, Louise Hawkins, Nikola Sprigg, Nick S Ward, Amit Mistri, Pippa Tyrrell, Gillian E Mead, Esme Worthington, Nadina B Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with post-stroke fatigue in a sample of stroke survivors without depression. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Recruitment was from four stroke units in the UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were assessed within four to six weeks of first stroke; those with high levels of depressive symptoms (score ⩾7 Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards) were excluded. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were assessed after stroke on the Fatigue Severity Scale of the Fatigue Assessment Inventory, the Rivermead Mobility Index, Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scale, Beck Anxiety Index, Sleep Hygiene Index, 6m walk test, and measures of cognitive ability...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933332/the-impact-of-caregivers-anxiety-on-patients-anxiety-before-fast-track-knee-arthroplasty
#9
P Zietek, B Zarzycka, J Zietek, M Stepien-Slodkowska, E Sienko-Awierianow, D Kotrych, K Dobiecki
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Anxiety may have negative repercussions on the surgery including poorer outcomes. On the other hand, the majority of patients reporting preoperative anxiety fear not receiving enough attention from a caregiver. In patients undergoing fast-track knee arthroplasty, we determined the relationship between patients' preoperative anxiety and the anxiety the patient's caregiver. We also analyzed the influence of selected psychosocial and demographic variables on the relationship between caregivers' and patients' anxiety...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932947/integration-of-digital-dental-casts-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scans-a-clinical-validation-study
#10
Frits A Rangel, Thomas J J Maal, Martien J J de Koning, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
OBJECTIVES: Images derived from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans lack detailed information on the dentition and interocclusal relationships needed for proper surgical planning and production of surgical splints. To get a proper representation of the dentition, integration of a digital dental model into the CBCT scan is necessary. The aim of this study was to validate a simplified protocol to integrate digital dental models into CBCT scans using only one scan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional protocol A used one combined upper and lower impression and two CBCT scans...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932889/behavioral-economic-analysis-of-the-effects-of-n-substituted-benztropine-analogs-on-cocaine-self-administration-in-rats
#11
Claudio Zanettini, Derek S Wilkinson, Jonathan L Katz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Benztropine (BZT) analogs and other atypical dopamine uptake inhibitors selectively decrease cocaine self-administration at doses that do not affect responding maintained by other reinforcers. Those effects were further characterized in the current study using a behavioral economic assessment of how response requirement (price) affects reinforcers obtained (consumption) in rats. METHODS: Two groups of rats were trained to press levers with food (45-mg pellet) or cocaine (0...
September 21, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932093/postoperative-inflammation-as-a-possible-cause-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-after-irreversible-electroporation-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Jun-Jun Su, Ming Su, Kai Xu, Peng-Fei Wang, Li Yan, Shi-Chun Lu, Wan-Qing Gu, Yong-Liang Chen
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare but serious postoperative complication associated with irreversible electroporation (IRE). We report a case of postoperative PVT in a 54-year-old woman who underwent IRE for locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Drain removal and discharge of the patient from the hospital were scheduled on postoperative day (POD) 7; however, a magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed the presence of PVT. We suspected postoperative inflammation in the pancreas as the main cause of PVT. However, the patient did not undergo any medical treatment because she did not have any clinical symptoms, and she was discharged on POD 8...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932079/nano-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-in-pancreatic-cancer-current-evidences-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Guido Giordano, Massimo Pancione, Nunzio Olivieri, Pietro Parcesepe, Marianna Velocci, Tania Di Raimo, Luigi Coppola, Giuseppe Toffoli, Mario Rosario D'Andrea
Pancreatic cancer (PDAC) is an aggressive and chemoresistant disease, representing the fourth cause of cancer related deaths in western countries. Majority of patients have unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic disease at time of diagnosis and the 5-year survival rate in these conditions is extremely low. For more than a decade gemcitabine has been the cornerstone of metastatic PDAC treatment, although survival benefit was very poor. PDAC cells are surrounded by an intense desmoplastic reaction that may create a barrier to the drugs penetration within the tumor...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931782/tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-gene-expression-in-epicardial-adipose-tissue-is-related-to-coronary-atherosclerosis-assessed-by-computed-tomography
#14
Toshiro Kitagawa, Hideya Yamamoto, Takuya Hattori, Kazuhiro Sentani, Shinya Takahashi, Atsuhiro Senoo, Yumiko Kubo, Wataru Yasui, Taijiro Sueda, Yasuki Kihara
AIMS: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α reportedly has key pro-inflammatory properties in both atherosclerosis and adipocytes. To further investigate the biologic impact of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) on coronary atherosclerosis, we evaluated the relationship between TNF-α gene expression in EAT and clinically-assessed coronary atherosclerosis on computed tomography (CT). METHODS: We studied 47 patients before cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG], n=26; non-CABG, n=21), assessing visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area, EAT volume, coronary calcium score (CCS), and the presence of non- and/or partially-calcified coronary plaque (NCP) on CT angiography...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931127/single-visit-rabies-pre-exposure-priming-induces-a-robust-anamnestic-antibody-response-after-simulated-post-exposure-vaccination-results-of-a-dose-finding-study
#15
Emile F F Jonker, Leonardus G Visser
Background: The current standard 3-dose intramuscular rabies PrEP schedule suffers from a number of disadvantages that severely limit accessibility and availability. The cost of is often prohibitive, it requires 3 visits to the clinic, and there are regular vaccine shortages. Methods: Volunteers ( N  = 30) were randomly assigned to 4 study arms: 1 standard dose intramuscular (IM) dose of PVRV (purified Vero cell rabies vaccine, Verorab), and 1/5th, 2/5th or 3/5th- fractional intradermal (ID) dose of PVRV in a single visit...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931042/evaluation-of-the-cytotoxicity-of-the-bithionol-paclitaxel-combination-in-a-panel-of-human-ovarian-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Vijayalakshmi N Ayyagari, Paula L Diaz-Sylvester, Tsung-Han Jeff Hsieh, Laurent Brard
Previously, Bithionol (BT) was shown to enhance the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cell lines to cisplatin treatment. In the present study, we focused on the anti-tumor potential of the BT-paclitaxel combination when added to a panel of ovarian cancer cell lines. This in vitro study aimed to 1) determine the optimum schedule for combination of BT and paclitaxel and 2) assess the nature and mechanism(s) underlying BT-paclitaxel interactions. The cytotoxic effects of both drugs either alone or in combination were assessed by presto-blue cell viability assay using six human ovarian cancer cell lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930946/evaluating-the-traditional-day-and-night-shift-in-an-acute-care-surgery-fellowship-is-the-swing-shift-a-better-choice
#17
Paul J Chestovich, Christopher F McNicoll, Nichole K Ingalls, Deborah A Kuhls, Douglas R Fraser, Shawna L Morrissey, John J Fildes
BACKGROUND: Fellowship trainees in Acute Care Surgery require experience in the management of complex and operative trauma cases. Trauma center staffing usually follows standard 12 or 24 hour shifts, with resident and fellow trainees following a similar schedule. Although trauma admissions can be generally unpredictable, we analyzed temporal trends of trauma patient arrival times to determine the best time frame to maximize trainee experience during each day. METHODS: We reviewed ten years (2007-2016) of trauma registry data for blunt and penetrating trauma activations...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930876/case-study-sleep-and-injury-in-elite-soccer-a-mixed-method-approach
#18
Mathieu Nédélec, Cédric Leduc, Brian Dawson, Gaël Guilhem, Grégory Dupont
The present case study allowed an examination of the link between sleep and injury occurrence in an elite male soccer player competing in French League 1 and Union of European Football Associations matches. During 4 months, a mixed method approach was used, combining actigraphic sleep assessment with qualitative interviews on a daily basis. Three injuries were reported over the study period. Sleep onset latency, both in the single night (117±43 min) and in the week (78±50 min) before injury occurrence, was longer than pre-season baseline values (18±13 min; effect size (ES): 3...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930830/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-for-wound-infiltration-in-patients-undergoing-open-gastrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Hengfei Luan, Pin Zhu, Xiaobao Zhang, Liang Tian, Jiying Feng, Yong Wu, Yongxin Yan, Zhibin Zhao, Xiaoping Gu
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether dexmedetomidine could potentiate the analgesic efficacy of ropivacaine, when added to ropivacaine for wound infiltration in patients undergoing open gastrectomy. METHODS: Fifty patients scheduled for open gastrectomy were divided into 2 equal groups that were received wound infiltration using 20 mL 0.3% ropivacaine plus 2 mL normal saline (group R) or 20 mL 0.3% ropivacaine plus 2 mL 1...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930771/schedule-of-events
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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