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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645251/improving-early-detection-initiatives-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-of-older-people-and-professionals
#1
Manon Lette, Annerieke Stoop, Lidwien C Lemmens, Yvette Buist, Caroline A Baan, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: A wide range of initiatives on early detection and intervention have been developed to proactively identify problems related to health and wellbeing in (frail) older people, with the aim of supporting them to live independently for as long as possible. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what the best way is to design such initiatives and how older people's needs and preferences can be best addressed. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring: 1) older people's perspectives on health and living environment in relation to living independently at home; 2) older people's needs and preferences in relation to initiating and receiving care and support; and 3) professionals' views on what would be necessary to enable the alignment of early detection initiatives with older people's own needs and preferences...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642517/green-dentistry-the-art-and-science-of-sustainable-practice
#2
P Mulimani
Dentistry is highly energy and resource intensive with significant environmental impact. Factors inherent in the profession such as enormous electricity demands of electronic dental equipment, voluminous water requirements, environmental effects of biomaterials (before, during and after clinical use), the use of radiation and the generation of hazardous waste involving mercury, lead etc have contributed towards this. With rising temperatures across the world due to global warming, efforts are being made worldwide to mitigate the effects of environmental damage by resorting to sustainability concepts and green solutions in a myriad of ways...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639430/talking-to-healthcare-providers-about-sex-in-later-life-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-with-older-australian-men-and-women
#3
Bianca Fileborn, Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Briony Dow, Graham Brown, Catherine Barrett, Victor Minichiello
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers (HCPs) can play an important role in supporting the sexual health of older adults; however, we know little about the experiences of older people in talking to HCPs about sex. This article examines older adults' experiences and perceptions of talking to HCPs about sex. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 men and 23 women aged 60 and older recruited from a national, online survey of older Australians. Data were analysed using a thematic approach...
June 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637473/sustainability-in-health-care-by-allocating-resources-effectively-share-7-supporting-staff-in-evidence-based-decision-making-implementation-and-evaluation-in-a-local-healthcare-setting
#4
Claire Harris, Kelly Allen, Cara Waller, Tim Dyer, Vanessa Brooke, Marie Garrubba, Angela Melder, Catherine Voutier, Anthony Gust, Dina Farjou
BACKGROUND: This is the seventh in a series of papers reporting Sustainability in Health care by Allocating Resources Effectively (SHARE) in a local healthcare setting. The SHARE Program was a systematic, integrated, evidence-based program for resource allocation within a large Australian health service. It aimed to facilitate proactive use of evidence from research and local data; evidence-based decision-making for resource allocation including disinvestment; and development, implementation and evaluation of disinvestment projects...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#5
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#6
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629705/nursing-involvement-in-risk-and-patient-safety-management-in-primary-care
#7
Valle Coronado-Vázquez, Ana García-López, Susana López-Sauras, José María Turón Alcaine
Patient safety and quality of care in a highly complex healthcare system depends not only on the actions of professionals at an individual level, but also on interaction with the environment. Proactive risk management in the system to prevent incidents and activities targeting healthcare teams is crucial in establishing a culture of safety in centres. Nurses commonly lead these safety strategies. Even though safety incidents are relatively infrequent in primary care, since the majority are preventable, actions at this level of care are highly effective...
June 16, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623894/-doing-the-right-thing-factors-influencing-gp-prescribing-of-antidepressants-and-prescribed-doses
#8
Chris F Johnson, Brian Williams, Stephen A MacGillivray, Nadine J Dougall, Margaret Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant prescribing continues to increase, with 5-16% of adults receiving antidepressants annually. Total prescribing growth is due in part to increased long-term use, greater selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and the use of higher SSRI doses. Evidence does not support routine use of higher SSRI doses for depression treatment, and factors influencing the use of such doses are not well known. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing GPs' use of antidepressants and their doses to treat depression...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623800/inpatient-geriatric-care-in-sweden-important-factors-from-an-inter-disciplinary-team-perspective
#9
Anna Cristina Åberg, Anna Ehrenberg
The purpose of this study was to describe factors of importance for the quality of inpatient geriatric care from an inter-disciplinary team perspective, an area that has not been previously studied to our knowledge. The study design was qualitative descriptive with data being collected from focus-group interviews with members of geriatric care teams. The data collection was conducted at a Swedish university hospital with 69 beds for geriatric care. It comprised five group interviews with a total of 32 staff members, including representatives of all the seven professions working with geriatric care...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622657/patterns-of-multimorbidity-in-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-and-motor-disabilities
#10
E A van Timmeren, A Waninge, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de, A A J van der Putten, C P van der Schans
BACKGROUND: People with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities (SPIMD) experience multimorbidity and have complex health needs. Multimorbidity increases mortality, decreases functioning, and negatively influences quality of life. Information regarding patterns of multimorbidity in people with SPIMD may lead to proactive prevention, specifically detection and treatment of physical health problems at an early stage and prevention of secondary complications. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore patterns of multimorbidity in individuals with SPIMD...
June 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618112/older-patients-with-late-stage-copd-their-illness-experiences-and-involvement-in-decision-making-regarding-mechanical-ventilation-and-noninvasive-ventilation
#11
Heidi Jerpseth, Vegard Dahl, Per Nortvedt, Kristin Halvorsen
Older patients with late-stage COPD: their illness experiences and involvement in decision-making regarding mechanical ventilation and noninvasive ventilation AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was twofold: first, to explore the illness experiences of older patients' with late-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and second, to develop knowledge about how patients perceive their preferences to be taken into account in decision-making processes concerning mechanical ventilation and /or non-invasive ventilation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616816/access-to-community-care-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-informal-carers-case-vignettes-for-a-european-comparison-of-structures-and-common-pathways-to-formal-care
#12
A Bieber, A Stephan, H Verbeek, F Verhey, L Kerpershoek, C Wolfs, M de Vugt, R T Woods, J Røsvik, G Selbaek, B M Sjölund, A Wimo, L Hopper, K Irving, M J Marques, M Gonçalves-Pereira, E Portolani, O Zanetti, G Meyer
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their informal carers often do not receive appropriate professional support or it is not received at the right time. OBJECTIVES: Description and comparison of common pathways to formal community dementia care in eight European countries as a part of the transnational Actifcare project. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The German team was responsible for creating an individual case scenario as a starting point. The research teams in Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom were then asked to describe a common pathway to formal dementia care by writing their own vignette using the provided individual case scenario...
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612133/brain-specific-serum-biomarkers-predict-neurological-morbidity-in-diagnostically-diverse-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-patients
#13
Alicia K Au, Michael J Bell, Ericka L Fink, Rajesh K Aneja, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
BACKGROUND: Unexpected neurological morbidity in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) remains high and is difficult to detect proactively. Brain-specific biomarkers represent a novel approach for early detection of neurological injury. We sought to determine whether serum concentrations of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), myelin basic protein (MBP), and S100B, specific for neurons, oligodendrocytes, and glia, respectively, were predictive of neurological morbidity in critically ill children...
June 13, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607237/sustainable-dengue-prevention-and-control-through-a-comprehensive-integrated-approach-the-sri-lankan-perspective
#14
Hasitha Tissera, Nimalka Pannila-Hetti, Preshila Samaraweera, Jayantha Weeraman, Paba Palihawadana, Ananda Amarasinghe
Dengue is a leading public health problem in Sri Lanka. All 26 districts and all age groups are affected, with high disease transmission; the estimated average annual incidence is 175/100 000 population. Harnessing the World Health Organization Global strategy for dengue prevention and control, 2012-2020, Sri Lanka has pledged in its National Strategic Framework to achieve a mortality from dengue below 0.1% and to reduce morbidity by 50% (from the average of the last 5 years) by 2020. Turning points in the country's dengue-control programme have been the restructuring and restrategizing of the core functions; this has involved establishment of a separate dengue-control unit to coordinate integrated vector management, and creation of a presidential task force...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600197/dissemination-and-implementation-sciences-in-pharmacy-a-call-to-action-for-professional-organizations
#15
Terry L Seaton
There is a substantial gap between the generation of new knowledge and its widespread incorporation into routine clinical practice, including the medication use process. Principles of dissemination and implementation sciences, if fully embraced by clinicians and researchers, have the potential of improving healthcare effectiveness, efficiency, quality, and safety. This commentary is a call to action for member-driven professional organizations in pharmacy to serve their members and the profession by proactively and strategically leading efforts to develop pharmacist's abilities to incorporate principles of dissemination and implementation sciences into their practice...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590335/technological-methods-to-measure-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-and-preexposure-prophylaxis
#16
Lindsey E Garrison, Jessica E Haberer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The WHO's Consolidated Guidelines (2016) call for research on improved methods to proactively monitor adherence and identify those individuals who have the greatest needs for adherence support. This review aims to elucidate the latest technologies available to measure adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy and preexposure prophylaxis against HIV infection and present their utility in various settings and populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Within the last few years, advances have been made in the features of existing technology to measure adherence (real-time electronic adherence measurements), additional approaches have been developed (digital medicine systems) and improved (short message service surveys), and point of care testing for pharmacokinetic measures are under development...
June 5, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589824/taking-care-to-the-patient-a-rural-outreach-plan-for-men
#17
Elaine Cole
A staff nurse has turned her outpatients department into a health promotion hub, reaching across her community hospital and beyond to provide proactive, preventive and integrated services in rural communities. Anne Thomas, who works at Dolgellau Hospital in Gwynedd, north west Wales, won the Community Nursing category of the RCNi Nurse Awards 2017 for her work addressing health inequalities in men.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589764/perception-awareness-and-acceptance-of-human-papillomavirus-disease-and-vaccine-among-parents-of-boys-aged-9-to-18-years
#18
Tina Q Tan, Melvin V Gerbie
Male human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates remain very low. The study objective was to gain an understanding of the perceptions of HPV disease and acceptance/barriers to HPV vaccine by parents of boys aged 9 to 18 years. An anonymous, written survey was administered from January 1, 2011 to September 30, 2013 in private pediatric offices (PPOs) and public health clinics (PHCs) in Chicago, Illinois. A total of 230 PPO parents (PPOPs) and 286 PHC parents (PHCPs) completed the survey. Despite significant differences ( P < ...
July 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587621/comparing-counselling-models-for-the-hazardous-use-of-alcohol-at-the-swedish-national-alcohol-helpline-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria Rosaria Galanti
BACKGROUND: Hazardous and harmful consumption of alcohol is a leading cause of preventable disease and premature deaths. Modifying the amount and pattern of risky alcohol consumption conveys substantial benefits to individuals and to society at large. Telephone helplines provide a feasible alternative to face-to-face counselling in order to increase the reach of brief interventions aiming at modifying the hazardous and harmful use of alcohol. However, there is a lack of studies on the implementation and evaluation of population-based telephone services for the prevention and treatment of alcohol misuse...
June 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585722/the-association-between-question-type-and-the-outcomes-of-a-dermatology-econsult-service
#20
Ashley O'Toole, Jiyeh Joo, Jean-Pierre DesGroseilliers, Clare Liddy, Steven Glassman, Amir Afkham, Erin Keely
BACKGROUND: eConsult is a web based service that facilitates communication between primary care providers (PCPs) and specialists, which can reduce the need for face-to-face consultations with specialists. One example is the Champlain BASE (Building Access to Specialist through eConsultation) service with dermatology being the largest specialty consulted. METHODS: Dermatology eConsults submitted from July 2011 to January 2015 were reviewed. Post eConsult surveys for PCPs were analyzed to determine the number of traditional consults avoided and perceived value of eConsults...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
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