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Child suicide prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#1
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
April 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395894/burden-of-separation-and-suicide-risk-of-prisoners-with-minor-children
#2
Sinja Krüger, Stefan Priebe, Rosemarie Fritsch, Adrian P Mundt
The present study aimed to explore the burden of separation from children and its relationship with suicide risk in prisoners with minor children at the moment of admission into the penal justice system. Suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in newly admitted female (n=198) and male (n=229) prisoners in Santiago de Chile. The burden of separation from minor children was rated on a numeric rating scale. Both genders showed high burden of separation from children at imprisonment...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355042/contributing-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-first-suicide-attempt-during-childhood-and-adolescence-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#3
Hugo Peyre, Nicolas Hoertel, Coline Stordeur, Gaële Lebeau, Carlos Blanco, Kibby McMahon, Romain Basmaci, Cédric Lemogne, Frédéric Limosin, Richard Delorme
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether risk factors for suicide attempts differ in children and adolescents and to categorize adulthood mental health outcomes of child and adolescent suicide attempters in the general population. METHODS: Using a large (N = 34,653), nationally representative US adult sample, the 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, we examined whether individuals who first attempted suicide during childhood (under the age of 13 years) differ from those who first attempted suicide during adolescence (13 through 17 years) in (1) contributing factors for first suicide attempt, including mental disorders and traumatic experiences that occurred before the first suicide attempt, parental history of mental disorders, and family poverty and (2) adulthood mental health outcomes, including lifetime and current prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders and quality of life measures...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344844/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-parental-support-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-chinese-dual-earner-families
#4
Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: In contemporary China, most parents are dual-earner couples and there is only one child in the family. We aimed to examine the associations of parents' work stress with suicidal ideation among the corresponding adolescent. We further hypothesized that low parental support experienced by adolescents may mediate the associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from school students and their working parents were used, with 907 families from Kunming City, China...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#5
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242365/young-men-s-suicidal-behavior-depression-crime-and-substance-use-risks-linked-to-childhood-teasing
#6
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini, Deborah M Capaldi
The consequences in adulthood of bullying, teasing, and other peer victimization experiences in childhood rarely have been considered in prospective studies. Studies of peer victimization are mixed regarding whether negative outcomes are explained by pre-existing child vulnerabilities. Furthermore, replication of prior studies with broader definitions and other methods and demographic groups is needed. Based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years, we classified American boys (n=206) from higher delinquency neighborhoods as perpetrators of teasing, victims, perpetrator-victims, or uninvolved (n=26, 35, 29, and 116, respectively)...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185109/further-evaluation-of-associations-between-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-and-suicidal-behavior-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-youth
#7
Paula J Fite, Jonathan Poquiz, Andrew L Frazer, Nicholas Reiter
This study examined associations between reactive and proactive functions of aggression and suicidal behavior in a sample of outpatient treatment seeking youth (n = 111, 60.5% male) ranging from 6 to 17 years of age (Mean age = 10.57 years). Additionally, hope was evaluated as a moderator of these associations. Child reports of measures were used to evaluate associations. When also considering the variance associated with child depressive symptoms and hope, reactive, but not proactive, aggression was uniquely associated with suicidal behavior...
February 10, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#8
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126359/spanking-and-adult-mental-health-impairment-the-case-for-the-designation-of-spanking-as-an-adverse-childhood-experience
#9
Tracie O Afifi, Derek Ford, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Melissa Merrick, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Katie A Ports, Harriet L MacMillan, George W Holden, Catherine A Taylor, Shawna J Lee, Robbyn Peters Bennett
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) such as child abuse are related to poor health outcomes. Spanking has indicated a similar association with health outcomes, but to date has not been considered an ACE. Physical and emotional abuse have been shown in previous research to correlate highly and may be similar in nature to spanking. To determine if spanking should be considered an ACE, this study aimed to examine 1): the grouping of spanking with physical and emotional abuse; and 2) if spanking has similar associations with poor adult health problems and accounts for additional model variance...
January 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#10
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995627/exposure-to-violence-a-risk-for-suicide-in-youths-and-young-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#11
P Castellví, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association and magnitude of the effect of early exposure to different types of interpersonal violence (IPV) with suicide attempt and suicide death in youths and young adults. METHOD: We searched six databases until June 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) assessment of any type of IPV as risk factor of suicide attempt or suicide: (i) child maltreatment [childhood physical, sexual, emotional abuse, neglect], (ii) bullying, (iii) dating violence, and (iv) community violence; (2) population-based case-control or cohort studies; and (3) subjects aged 12-26 years...
December 20, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869507/parent-child-connectedness-and-long-term-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#12
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Mir M Ali, Holly C Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed on the role of parent-child connectedness (PCC) on adolescents' risk for suicidal ideation from a longitudinal, developmental perspective. AIM: This study examined PCC during adolescence and risk of suicidal ideation into adulthood among a nationally representative sample of American adolescents. METHOD: The study includes 13,234 adolescents aged 11-18 from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) who were surveyed during adolescence (1994-1995) and then again in early adulthood (2008-2009)...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#13
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738194/prevention-starts-with-awareness-adoptive-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#14
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711150/the-association-of-current-violence-from-adult-family-members-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement-and-suicidal-feelings
#15
Shinya Fujikawa, Shuntaro Ando, Shinji Shimodera, Shinsuke Koike, Satoshi Usami, Rie Toriyama, Sho Kanata, Tsukasa Sasaki, Kiyoto Kasai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
Although several studies have reported that child physical abuse increased the risk for bullying involvement, the effect of current violence from adult family members (CVA) on bullying involvement and suicidal feelings among adolescents has not been sufficiently examined. This study investigated the association of CVA with adolescent bullying involvement and the interaction effect of CVA and bullying involvement on suicidal feelings. This cross-sectional study used data from a school-based survey with a general population of adolescents (grades 7 to 12)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643847/mechanisms-linking-intimate-partner-violence-and-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-south-africa
#16
A M Hatcher, H Stöckl, N Christofides, N Woollett, C C Pallitto, C Garcia-Moreno, J M Turan
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) can virtually eliminate HIV infection among infants, yet up to one-third of women miss PMTCT steps. Little is known about how partner dynamics such as intimate partner violence (IPV) influence pregnant and postpartum women's adherence to PMTCT. We conducted 32 qualitative interviews with HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women in Johannesburg who experienced IPV. Trained researchers conducted in-depth interviews over the period of May 2014-Nov 2015 using narrative and social constructionist approaches...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637872/-suicidal-behavior-prevention-for-children-under-age-13-a-systematic-review
#17
L Baux-Cazal, E Gokalsing, S Amadeo, A Messiah
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review international literature on suicidal behavior prevention for children under age 13. METHODS: We gathered all relevant articles on suicide prevention for children under 13. We researched all publications in the French and English languages in PubMed (MEDLINE), PsychINFO and SUDOC databases published until February 2014, with the keywords "child", "child preschool", "prevention and control", "suicide", and "suicide attempted"...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#18
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578343/gendered-pattern-of-burn-injuries-in-india-a-neglected-health-issue
#19
Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Lakshmi Lingam
There are an estimated 7 million burn injuries in India annually, of which 700,000 require hospital admission and 140,000 are fatal. According to the National Burns Programme, 91,000 of these deaths are women; a figure higher than that for maternal mortality. Women of child bearing age are on average three times more likely than men to die of burn injuries. This paper reviews the existing literature on burn injuries in India and raises pertinent issues about prevalence, causes and gaps in recognising the gendered factors leading to a high number of women dying due to burns...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537325/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-17-states-2013
#20
Bridget H Lyons, Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Carter J Betz, Janet M Blair
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2013, more than 57,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 17 U.S. states for 2013. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: NVDRS collects data from participating states regarding violent deaths obtained from death certificates, coroner/medical examiner reports, law enforcement reports, and secondary sources (e...
August 19, 2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
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