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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331852/no-time-to-waste-organic-waste-nanosizing-converts-remains-of-food-processing-into-refined-materials
#1
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Sarfraz, Verda Farida, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Azubuike P Ebokaiwe, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
Modern food processing results in considerable amounts of side-products, such as grape seeds, walnut shells, spent coffee grounds, and harvested tomato plants. These materials are still rich in valuable and biologically active substances and therefore of interest from the perspective of waste management and "up-cycling". In contrast to traditional, often time consuming and low-value uses, such as vermicomposting and anaerobic digestion, the complete conversion into nanosuspensions unlocks considerable potentials of and new applications for such already spent organic materials without the need of extraction and without producing any additional waste...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329073/nanobiostructure-of-fibrous-like-alumina-functionalized-with-an-analog-of-the-bp100-peptide-synthesis-characterization-and-biological-applications
#2
L M F C Torres, N A Braga, I P Gomes, M T Almeida, T L Santos, J P de Mesquita, L M da Silva, H R Martins, K C Kato, W T P Dos Santos, J M Resende, M C Pereira, M P Bemquerer, M A Rodrigues, R M Verly
The functionalization of alumina nanoparticles of specific morphology with antimicrobial peptides (AMP) can be a promising strategy for modeling medical devices and packaging materials for cosmetics, medicines or food, since the contamination by pathogens could be reduced. In this paper, we show the synthesis of a fibrous-like alumina nanobiostructure, as well as its functionalization with the peptide EAAA-BP100, an analog of the antimicrobial peptide BP100. The antibacterial activity of the obtained material against some bacterial strains is also investigated...
January 3, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318884/inhibition-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-tissue-regeneration-by-waterborne-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#3
Xiaojiao Li, Lele Song, Xingjie Hu, Chang Liu, Jiye Shi, Hui Wang, Lixing Zhan, Haiyun Song
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) are among the most widely manufactured nanomaterials with broad applications in food industry, cosmetics and medicine. Whereas the toxicity of TiO2NPs at high doses has been extensively explored, potential health risks of TiO2NPs exposure at non-toxic concentrations remain poorly understood. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays pivotal roles in a diversity of physiological and pathological processes including tissue regeneration and cancer metastasis. In this study, we find that cellular uptake of TiO2NPs inhibits EMT-mediated cell remodeling and cell migration without exhibiting cytotoxicity...
January 10, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305643/treatment-of-soft-tissue-filler-complications-expert-consensus-recommendations
#4
REVIEW
Fernando Urdiales-Gálvez, Nuria Escoda Delgado, Vitor Figueiredo, José V Lajo-Plaza, Mar Mira, Antonio Moreno, Francisco Ortíz-Martí, Rosa Del Rio-Reyes, Nazaret Romero-Álvarez, Sofía Ruiz Del Cueto, María A Segurado, Cristina Villanueva Rebenaque
BACKGROUND: Dermal fillers have been increasingly used in minimally invasive facial esthetic procedures. This widespread use has led to a rise in reports of associated complications. The aim of this expert consensus report is to describe potential adverse events associated with dermal fillers and to provide guidance on their treatment and avoidance. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of experts in esthetic treatments convened to discuss the management of the complications associated with dermal fillers use...
January 5, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302732/the-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-adipose-derived-stem-cells-on-neovascularization-and-fat-graft-survival
#5
Bing-Jun Xiong, Qiu-Wen Tan, Yu-Juan Chen, Yi Zhang, Di Zhang, Shen-Li Tang, Shu Zhang, Qing Lv
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived stem cell (ADSCs)-assisted and platelet-rich plasma (PRP)-assisted lipofilling aim to enhance angiogenesis and cell proliferation and are promising techniques for lipofilling. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of ADSCs-assisted and PRP-assisted lipofilling. METHODS: Adipose tissue and human venous blood were obtained from women with early breast cancer. Human ADSCs were isolated and amplified in vitro. PRP was extracted through double centrifugation...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301523/genoprotective-antioxidant-antifungal-and-anti-inflammatory-evaluation-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-wild-growing-juniperus-communis-l-cupressaceae-native-to-romanian-southern-sub-carpathian-hills
#6
Irina Fierascu, Camelia Ungureanu, Sorin Marius Avramescu, Carmen Cimpeanu, Mihaela Ioana Georgescu, Radu Claudiu Fierascu, Alina Ortan, Anca Nicoleta Sutan, Valentina Anuta, Anca Zanfirescu, Cristina Elena Dinu-Pirvu, Bruno Stefan Velescu
BACKGROUND: Juniperus communis L. represents a multi-purpose crop used in the pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic industry. Several studies present the possible medicinal properties of different Juniperus taxa native to specific geographical area. The present study aims to evaluate the genoprotective, antioxidant, antifungal and anti-inflammatory potential of hydroalcoholic extract of wild-growing Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) native to Romanian southern sub-Carpathian hills. METHODS: The prepared hydroethanolic extract of Juniperus communis L...
January 4, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298708/case-study-of-a-user-driven-prosthetic-arm-design-bionic-hand-versus-customized-body-powered-technology-in-a-highly-demanding-work-environment
#7
Wolf Schweitzer, Michael J Thali, David Egger
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic arm research predominantly focuses on "bionic" but not body-powered arms. However, any research orientation along user needs requires sufficiently precise workplace specifications and sufficiently hard testing. Forensic medicine is a demanding environment, also physically, also for non-disabled people, on several dimensions (e.g., distances, weights, size, temperature, time). METHODS: As unilateral below elbow amputee user, the first author is in a unique position to provide direct comparison of a "bionic" myoelectric iLimb Revolution (Touch Bionics) and a customized body-powered arm which contains a number of new developments initiated or developed by the user: (1) quick lock steel wrist unit; (2) cable mount modification; (3) cast shape modeled shoulder anchor; (4) suspension with a soft double layer liner (Ohio Willowwood) and tube gauze (Molnlycke) combination...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296591/enhanced-hyluronic-acid-production-in-streptococcus-zooepidemicus-by-over-expressing-hasa-and-molecular-weight-control-with-niscin-and-glucose
#8
Alireza Zakeri, Mohammad Javad Rasaee, Navid Pourzardosht
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a high molecular weight linear polysaccharide, endowed with unique physiological and biological properties. Given its unique properties, HA have unprecedented applications in the fields of medicine and cosmetics. The ever growing demand for HA production is the driving force behind the need for finding and developing novel and amenable sources of the HA producers. Microbial fermentation of Streptococcus zooepidemicus deemed as one the most expeditious and pervasive methods of HA production...
December 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296568/current-status-and-future-prospects-of-research-and-development-operations-in-traditional-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-manufacturing-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-a-2014-company-based-survey
#9
Miyoung Ahn, Eun-Ji Park, Jong-Min Woo
Background: Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have played key roles in the economic growth and technical innovation of traditional and complementary and alternative medicine (T&CM). Research and development (R&D) are critical activities for industrial progress. This study aimed to characterize the current status of SME R&D activities and to explore manufacturers' perceptions of R&D expansion. Methods: Records of the distribution of T&CM SMEs and R&D resources detailed in the 2014 Statistics of Korea T&CM Industries survey, a previously conducted survey on the industrial status of the T&CM field, were reviewed...
December 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286304/natural-nanoparticles-a-particular-matter-inspired-by-nature
#10
REVIEW
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Irfan Masood, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Muhammad Sarfraz, Azubuike Peter Ebokaiwe, Karl-Herbert Schäfer, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
During the last couple of decades, the rapidly advancing field of nanotechnology has produced a wide palette of nanomaterials, most of which are considered as "synthetic" and, among the wider public, are often met with a certain suspicion. Despite the technological sophistication behind many of these materials, "nano" does not always equate with "artificial". Indeed, nature itself is an excellent nanotechnologist. It provides us with a range of fine particles, from inorganic ash, soot, sulfur and mineral particles found in the air or in wells, to sulfur and selenium nanoparticles produced by many bacteria and yeasts...
December 29, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280946/secondary-metabolite-profiling-of-species-of-the-genus-usnea-by-uhplc-esi-ot-ms-ms
#11
Francisco Salgado, Laura Albornoz, Carmen Cortéz, Elena Stashenko, Kelly Urrea-Vallejo, Edgar Nagles, Cesar Galicia-Virviescas, Alberto Cornejo, Alejandro Ardiles, Mario Simirgiotis, Olimpo García-Beltrán, Carlos Areche
Lichens are symbiotic associations of fungi with microalgae and/or cyanobacteria, which are considered among the slowest growing organisms, with strong tolerance to adverse environmental conditions. There are about 400 genera and 1600 species of lichens and those belonging to the Usnea genus comprise about 360 of these species. Usnea lichens have been used since ancient times as dyes, cosmetics, preservatives, deodorants and folk medicines. The phytochemistry of the Usnea genus includes more than 60 compounds which belong to the following classes: depsides, depsidones, depsones, lactones, quinones, phenolics, polysaccharides, fatty acids and dibenzofurans...
December 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279716/fraxinus-a-plant-with-versatile-pharmacological-and-biological-activities
#12
REVIEW
Iqra Sarfraz, Azhar Rasul, Farhat Jabeen, Tahira Younis, Muhammad Kashif Zahoor, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Ali
Fraxinus, a member of the Oleaceae family, commonly known as ash tree is found in northeast Asia, north America, east and western France, China, northern areas of Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan. Chemical constituents of Fraxinus plant include various secoiridoids, phenylethanoids, flavonoids, coumarins, and lignans; therefore, it is considered as a plant with versatile biological and pharmacological activities. Its tremendous range of pharmacotherapeutic properties has been well documented including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and neuroprotective...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277718/effect-of-allantoin-on-experimentally-induced-gastric-ulcers-pathways-of-gastroprotection
#13
Dayane Moreira da Silva, José Luís Rodrigues Martins, Danillo Ramos de Oliveira, Iziara Ferreira Florentino, Daiany Priscilla Bueno da Silva, Fernanda Cristina Alcântara Dos Santos, Elson Alves Costa
Gastric ulcer affects people worldwide, and its inefficacy and recurrence have fueled the search for new therapeutic strategies. Despite the well-known use of allantoin in medicines and cosmetic products, its effect has not yet been studied with regard to gastric ulcer. Hence, the aim of the present study was to explore the pharmaco-mechanistic efficacy of allantoin against commonly harmful agents that cause injuries to the stomach. Ethanol, indomethacin, and stress-induced gastric ulcer models were adopted, in addition to pylorus ligature, a quantification of vascular permeability, glutathione (GSH), gastric adhered mucus, prostaglandin (PGE2), pro-inflammatory cytokines levels, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and catalase (CAT) activities...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261211/thermo-responsive-gels-based-on-supramolecular-assembly-of-an-amidoamine-and-citric-acid
#14
Li Hao, Cengiz Yegin, Jyothsna Varsha Talari, Jun Kyun Oh, Ming Zhang, Mufrettin Murat Sari, Luhong Zhang, Younjin Min, Mustafa Akbulut, Bin Jiang
In this work, we report the formation of a novel, aqueous-based thermo-responsive, supramolecular gelling system prepared by a convenient and efficient self-assembly of a long-chain amino-amide and citric acid. To determine the viscosity behavior and to gain insights into the gelation mechanism, a complementary combination of techniques, including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and sinusoidal oscillatory tests, were used...
December 20, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243674/turmeric-a-condiment-cosmetic-and-cure
#15
REVIEW
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) is an integral part of Asian culture and cuisine. It has been used in traditional medicine since centuries. A myriad of health benefits have been attributed to it. Curcumin, the most biologically active curcuminoid in turmeric, is being investigated in pre-clinical and clinical trials for its role in disease prevention and cure. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, anti-proliferative and antimicrobial effects. We review the chemistry of this plant, its cultural relevance in Indian skin care, and its uses in dermatology...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232925/deep-sea-water-improves-abnormalities-in-lipid-metabolism-through-lipolysis-and-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#16
Wei-Tang Chang, Tsung-Yueh Lu, Ming-Ching Cheng, Hsun-Chi Lu, Mei-Fang Wu, Chin-Lin Hsu
Deep sea water (DSW) is a natural marine resource that has been utilized for food, agriculture, cosmetics, and medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether DSW has beneficial lipid metabolic effects in an animal model. Our previous in vitro study indicated that DSW significantly decreased the intracellular triglyceride and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. DSW also inhibited the gene levels of adipocyte differentiation, lipogenesis, and adipocytokines, and up-regulated gene levels of lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation...
December 11, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232190/the-effects-of-curcuma-longa-and-curcumin-on-reproductive-systems
#17
R Mohebbati, A Anaeigoudari, M R Khazdair
OBJECTIVE: Curcuma longa (C. longa) was used in some countries such as China and India for various medicinal purposes. Curcumin, the active component of C. longa, is commonly used as a coloring agent in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. C. longa and curcumin have been known to act as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagen, and anti-carcinogenic agents. Th e attempt of the present review was to give an effort on a detailed literature survey concentrated on the protective effects of C...
October 26, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230869/microvascular-replantation-of-a-composite-facial-avulsion-in-a-24-month-old-child-after-dog-bite
#18
David Macias, Daniel I Kwon, Paul C Walker, Nathaniel R Peterson
Dog bite injuries are common sources of morbidity with an estimated incidence of 4.5 million bites per year with over 350,000 requiring treatment in the emergency room. Children under the age of 14 are most likely to be affected with a peak age of 5-9 years old. We report a case of a 24-month-old female who sustained a large composite facial avulsion injury from a pit bull dog bite. The avulsed tissue involved a substantial portion of the patient's mid-face, including the entire soft tissue of the nose, upper lip, part of the left cheek, and left oral commissure...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228787/health-promotion-potential-of-vegetables-cultivated-in-northern-thailand-a-preliminary-screening-of-tannin-and-flavonoid-contents-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibition-astringent-activity-and-antioxidant-activities
#19
Naphatsorn Kumar, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
Many of scientific evidences suggest that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables can prevent chronic diseases. In Northern Thailand, there are many vegetables that are usually consumed by local people. In this study, 17 local vegetables were selected and extracted with 95% ethanol. The extracts were screened for 5α-reductase inhibitory activity, total tannin and flavonoid contents, astringent and antioxidant activities. The results showed that Spondias pinnata and Ocimum americanum had the highest tannin and flavonoid content, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228329/reliance-on-deep-soil-water-in-the-tree-species-argania-spinosa
#20
M Zunzunegui, S Boutaleb, M C Díaz Barradas, M P Esquivias, J Valera, J Jáuregui, T Tagma, F Ain-Lhout
In South-western Morocco, water scarcity and high temperature are the main factors determining species survival. Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels is a tree species, endemic to Morocco, which is suffering from ongoing habitat shrinkage. Argan trees play essential local ecological and economic roles: protecting soils from erosion, shading different types of crops, helping maintain soil fertility and, even more importantly, its seeds are used by the local population for oil production, with valuable nutritional, medicinal and cosmetic purposes...
December 7, 2017: Tree Physiology
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