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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930256/vetiver-essential-oil-in-cosmetics-what-is-new
#1
Pauline Burger, Anne Landreau, Marie Watson, Laurent Janci, Viviane Cassisa, Marie Kempf, Stéphane Azoulay, Xavier Fernandez
Background: Vetiver is a key ingredient for the perfume industry nowadays. However, with the constant and rapid changes of personal tastes, this appeal could vanish and this sector could decline quite quickly. New dissemination paths need to be found to tap this valuable resource. Methods: In this way, its potential use in cosmetics either as an active ingredient per se (with cosmeceutical significance or presenting antimicrobial activity) has hence been explored in vitro. Results: In this contribution, we demonstrated that vetiver essential oil displays no particularly significant and innovative cosmetic potential value in formulations apart from its scent already largely exploited...
June 16, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930224/aromatic-medicinal-plants-of-the-lamiaceae-family-from-uzbekistan-ethnopharmacology-essential-oils-composition-and-biological-activities
#2
REVIEW
Nilufar Z Mamadalieva, Davlat Kh Akramov, Elisa Ovidi, Antonio Tiezzi, Lutfun Nahar, Shahnoz S Azimova, Satyajit D Sarker
Plants of the Lamiaceae family are important ornamental, medicinal, and aromatic plants, many of which produce essential oils that are used in traditional and modern medicine, and in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora are widespread throughout the world, are the most popular plants in Uzbek traditional remedies, and are often used for the treatment of wounds, gastritis, infections, dermatitis, bronchitis, and inflammation...
February 10, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929199/sophorolipid-production-by-yeasts-a-critical-review-of-the-literature-and-suggestions-for-future-research
#3
REVIEW
Silke Claus, Inge N A Van Bogaert
Sophorolipids are well-known biosurfactants produced by yeasts, having potential applications ranging from nanomaterials, medicine, and cosmetics to large-volume applications such as cleaning and soil remediation. Because of their environmentally friendly nature, they attained much interest during the past decades as a sustainable and ecological alternative to petroleum-derived surfactants. Stronger yet, research activities and scientific publications on the topic are ever increasing. However, often these studies lack proper producer strain identification and detailed structural product characterization...
September 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929172/-beauty-complication-unit
#4
REVIEW
W Harth
A growing market, high demand, and the increasing complexity of cosmetic interventions have led to greater challenges in aesthetic medicine. In the present paper, medical, psychological and sociocultural aspects of possible complications are presented. Difficult situations can occur before, during, or after aesthetic interventions and require specific medical measures. This makes it necessary to set up a special consultation unit for beauty complications that takes into account extended medical and emotional aspects...
September 19, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920463/evaluation-of-genotoxicity-and-subchronic-toxicity-of-standardized-rose-hip-extract
#5
A Nagatomo, M Oguri, N Nishida, M Ogawa, A Ichikawa, Y Tanaka-Azuma
Rose hip is the fruit of the rose plant, which is widely used in food, cosmetics and as a traditional medicine. Therefore, rose hip is considered safe and has a sufficient history of consumption as food. However, few studies have reported on the safety of rose hip extracts in toxicological analyses. Thus, to evaluate the safety of rosehip polyphenol MJ (RHPMJ), an aqueous ethanol extract standardized with the trans-tiliroside content, we performed genotoxicity and 90-day repeated oral dose toxicity studies in compliance with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-Good Laboratory Practice...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916908/capsular-contracture-rate-after-breast-augmentation-with-periareolar-versus-other-two-inframammary-and-transaxillary-incisions-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Shangshan Li, Lin Chen, Wenyue Liu, Dali Mu, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture has been the most common complication of cosmetic breast augmentation. The effect of incision pattern on capsular contracture is still unclear. This meta-analysis demonstrates current evidence with regard to the comparison of capsular contracture rate between periareolar and other two (transaxillary and inframammary) incisions. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched up to January 2017. The results of selected studies were meta-analyzed to obtain a pooled odds ratio of the effect of periareolar versus other two incision patterns (transaxillary or inframammary incision) of breast augmentation on capsular contracture rates...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905185/hepatotoxicity-of-monoterpenes-and-sesquiterpenes
#7
REVIEW
Tomáš Zárybnický, Iva Boušová, Martin Ambrož, Lenka Skálová
Public interest in natural therapies has increased significantly over past decades. Herbs and herbal products are extensively consumed worldwide and they are generally considered as safe. However, this may not always be true as many cases of herb-induced liver injury are reported every year. The liver is a frequent target tissue of toxicity from all classes of toxicants as liver structure and function predispose it to high sensitivity to xenobiotics. The present review is focused on the hepatotoxic properties of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, plant secondary metabolites that represent the major components of essential oils wildly used in folk medicines, pharmaceutical industry and cosmetics...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902026/chemical-peels-indications-and-special-considerations-for-the-male-patient
#8
Jeave Reserva, Amanda Champlain, Seaver L Soon, Rebecca Tung
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels are a mainstay of aesthetic medicine and an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure performed in men. OBJECTIVE: To review the indications for chemical peels with an emphasis on performing this procedure in male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of the English PubMed/MEDLINE literature and specialty texts in cosmetic dermatology, oculoplastic, and facial aesthetic surgery regarding sex-specific use of chemical peels in men...
September 4, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899502/melaleuca-quinquenervia-essential-oil-inhibits-%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-induced-melanin-production-and-oxidative-stress-in-b16-melanoma-cells
#9
Wen-Wan Chao, Chia-Chi Su, Hsin-Yi Peng, Su-Tze Chou
BACKGROUND: Essential oils are odorous, volatile products of plant secondary metabolism, which are found in many leaves and stems. They show important biological activities, which account for the development of aromatherapy used in complementary and alternative medicine. The essential oil extracted from Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake (paperbark) (MQ-EO) has various functional properties. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the chemical composition of MQ-EO by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and evaluate its tyrosinase inhibitory activity...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898764/sensitive-analysis-of-bioactive-secondary-metabolites-in-lichen-species-using-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#10
Syed Ghulam Musharraf, Fareeha Siddiqi, Arslan Ali, Vinitha Moolchand Thadhani
Lichens are a large group of valuable lower plants with unique features and diverse applications worldwide such as in medicine, cosmetics, food, and textile industries. They are also well known for their potential in observing climate and environmental monitoring. Their successful exploitations require reliable analytical methods to check and maintain quality and efficacy of the products based on them. This study focuses on the development of a sensitive and reliable quantification method for the analysis of important depsides, depsidones, dibenzofuran and monocyclic phenols inseven known and an unidentified lichen species...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893105/essential-oil-composition-of-aerial-parts-of-micromeria-persica-boiss-from-western-of-shiraz-iran
#11
Efat Jafari, Gholamabbas Ghanbarian, Atefeh Bahmanzadegan
Micromeria persica Boiss. is medicinal and aromatic plant, belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The chemical composition of the essential oils (EOs) from aerial parts of M. persica were extracted using hydro-distillation method and analysed using GC and GC-MS. Fifty-two compounds were identified in the EOs of aerial parts of M. persica. The main chemical compositions were n-hexadecanoic acid (14.9%), thymol (9.5%), linoleic acid (8.0%), carvacrol (5.6%), (E)-nerolidol (5.5%), linolenic acid (5.5%), α-cadinol (2...
September 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875853/effectiveness-of-cicer-arietinum-in-cutaneous-problems-viewpoint-of-avicenna-and-razi
#12
Marjan Mahjour, Arash Khoushabi, MohammadReza Noras, Shokouhsadat Hamedi
BACKGROUND: Cicer arietinum is one of the popular legumes in the most parts of the world. It's known for a long time in Asia because of the many possibilities of its application. Cicer arietinum has benefits for the skin regarding safe ingredients. Some of these ingredients are recommended in skin care. METHODS: This study aimed to introduce the benefits of Cicer arietinum by reviewing of traditional literature from 10th to 21th century and also conventional medicine for its safe ingredients by searching the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus...
August 29, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869383/experience-with-integra%C3%A2-at-the-prague-burns-centre-2002-2016
#13
R Zajíček, I Grossová, H Šuca, R Kubok, I Pafčuga
INTRODUCTION: Integra® dermal replacement has a wide spectrum of use both in burn medicine as well as in reconstructive plastic surgery and traumatology. Since 2002, it has been a part of surgical treatment of patients at Prague Burns Centre of the Královské Vinohrady Teaching Hospital. STUDY GROUP: Integra® was used in 47 patients in total between years 2002 and 2016. In this group there were 28 paediatric patients and 19 adult patients. Eleven children were operated during the reconstructive period, 8 children had an acute injury...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869338/enhanced-biosynthesis-of-hyaluronic-acid-using-engineered-corynebacterium-glutamicum-via-metabolic-pathway-regulation
#14
Fangyu Cheng, Sijin Luozhong, Zhigang Guo, Huimin Yu, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a polysaccharide used in many industries such as medicine, surgery, cosmetics and food. To avoid potential pathogenicity caused by its native producer, Streptococcus, efforts have been made to create a recombinant host for HA production. In this work, a GRAS (generally recognized as safe) strain, Corynebacterium glutamicum, was engineered for enhanced biosynthesis of HA via metabolic pathway regulation. Five enzymes (HasA-HasE) involved in the HA biosynthetic pathway were highlighted, and 8 diverse operon combinations, including HasA, HasAB, HasAC, HasAD, HasAE, HasABC, HasABD and HasABE, were compared...
September 4, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868224/characterization-of-acanthosicyos-horridus-and-citrullus-lanatus-seed-oils-two-melon-seed-oils-from-namibia-used-in-food-and-cosmetics-applications
#15
Natascha Cheikhyoussef, Martha Kandawa-Schulz, Ronnie Böck, Charles de Koning, Ahmad Cheikhyoussef, Ahmed A Hussein
The physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid, tocopherol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, and (1)H NMR profiles of Citrullus lanatus and Acanthosicyos horridus melon seed oils were determined and compared among different extraction methods (cold pressing, traditional, and Soxhlet). The oil content was 40.2 ± 3.45 and 37.8 ± 7.26% for C. lanatus and A. horridus, respectively. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed among the different extraction methods in the characteristics studied. Physicochemical characteristics of the melon seed oils were saponification value, 180...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864252/design-of-protein-delivery-systems-by-mimicking-extracellular-mechanisms-for-protection-of-growth-factors
#16
Carla Silva, Agatha Carretero, Diana Soares da Costa, Rui L Reis, Ramon Novoa-Carballal, Iva Pashkuleva
Heparin sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are responsible for the storage and stabilization of numerous growth factors in the extracellular matrix. In this complex native environment, the efficient binding of the growth factors is determined by multivalent, specific and reversible electrostatic interactions between the sulfate groups of HSPGs and the positively charged amino acids of the growth factor. Inspired by this naturally occurring stabilization process, we propose the use of diblock copolymers of heparin and polyethylene glycol (Hep-b-PEG) for protection and delivery of FGF-2...
August 29, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831068/synthesis-of-nm-phb-nanomelanin-polyhydroxy-butyrate-nanocomposite-film-and-its-protective-effect-against-biofilm-forming-multi-drug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#17
George Seghal Kiran, Stephen A Jackson, Sethu Priyadharsini, Alan D W Dobson, Joseph Selvin
Melanin is a dark brown ubiquitous photosynthetic pigment which have many varied and ever expanding applications in fabrication of radio-protective materials, food packaging, cosmetics and in medicine. In this study, melanin production in a Pseudomonas sp. which was isolated from the marine sponge Tetyrina citirna was optimized employing one-factor at a time experiments and characterized for chemical nature and stability. Following sonication nucleated nanomelanin (Nm) particles were formed and evaluated for antibacterial and antioxidant properties...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827992/anti-aging-activities-of-extracts-from-tunisian-medicinal-halophytes-and-their-aromatic-constituents
#18
A Jdey, H Falleh, S Ben Jannet, K Mkadmini Hammi, X Dauvergne, C Magné, R Ksouri
Six medicinal halophytes widely represented in North Africa and commonly used in traditional medicine were screened for pharmacological properties to set out new promising sources of natural ingredients for cosmetic or nutraceutical applications. Thus, Citrullus colocynthis, Cleome arabica, Daemia cordata, Haloxylon articulatum, Pituranthos scoparius and Scorzonera undulata were examined for their in vitro antioxidant (DPPH scavenging and superoxide anion-scavenging, β-carotene bleaching inhibition and iron-reducing tests), antibacterial (microdilution method, against four human pathogenic bacteria) and anti-tyrosinase activities...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803364/volatile-terpenoids-multiple-functions-biosynthesis-modulation-and-manipulation-by-genetic-engineering
#19
REVIEW
Farhat Abbas, Yanguo Ke, Rangcai Yu, Yuechong Yue, Sikandar Amanullah, Muhammad Muzammil Jahangir, Yanping Fan
Terpenoids play several physiological and ecological functions in plant life through direct and indirect plant defenses and also in human society because of their enormous applications in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetics industries. Through the aid of genetic engineering its role can by magnified to broad spectrum by improving genetic ability of crop plants, enhancing the aroma quality of fruits and flowers and the production of pharmaceutical terpenoids contents in medicinal plants. Terpenoids are structurally diverse and the most abundant plant secondary metabolites, playing an important role in plant life through direct and indirect plant defenses, by attracting pollinators and through different interactions between the plants and their environment...
August 12, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758221/biological-medicinal-and-toxicological-significance-of-eucalyptus-leaf-essential-oil-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Ashok K Dhakad, Vijay V Pandey, Sobia Beg, Janhvi M Rawat
The genus Eucalyptus L'Heritier comprises about 900 species, of which more than 300 species contain volatile essential oil in their leaves. About 20 species, within these, have a high content of 1,8-cineole (more than 70 %), commercially used for the production of essential oils in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. However, Eucalyptus is extensively planted for pulp, plywood, solid wood production but its leaf aromatic oil has astounding widespread biological activities including antimicrobial, antiseptic, antioxidant, chemotherapy agent, respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders treatment, wound healing, and insecticidal/insect repellent, herbicidal, acaricidal, nematicidal, and perfumes, soap making and grease remover...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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