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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103258/revisiting-greek-propolis-chromatographic-analysis-and-antioxidant-activity-study
#1
Konstantinos M Kasiotis, Pelagia Anastasiadou, Antonis Papadopoulos, Kyriaki Machera
Propolis is a bee product that has been extensively used in alternative medicine and recently has gained interest on a global scale as an essential ingredient of healthy foods and cosmetics. Propolis is also considered to improve human health and to prevent diseases such as inflammation, heart disease, diabetes and even cancer. However, the claimed effects are anticipated to be correlated to its chemical composition. Since propolis is a natural product, its composition is consequently expected to be variable depending on the local flora alignment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092229/decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d5
#2
(no author information available yet)
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5; CAS No. 541-02-6) is a precursor in the production of siloxane polymers for industry and medicine and is a carrier ingredient in many toiletries and cosmetics. D5 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure. It is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D5 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies. It has not been shown to be genotoxic/mutagenic when tested in a number of short-term in vitro and in vivo assays and did not cause reproductive or developmental toxicity in rats...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090508/laser-applications-in-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Beina Azadgoli, Regina Y Baker
In modern medicine, lasers are increasingly utilized for treatment of a variety of pathologies as interest in less invasive treatment modalities intensifies. The physics behind lasers allows the same basic principles to be applied to a multitude of tissue types using slight modifications of the system. Multiple laser systems have been studied within each field of medicine. The term "laser" was combined with "surgery," "ablation," "lithotripsy," "cancer treatment," "tumor ablation," "dermatology," "skin rejuvenation," "lipolysis," "cardiology," "atrial fibrillation (AF)," and "epilepsy" during separate searches in the PubMed database...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071013/the-industrial-potential-of-herbs-and-spices-a-mini-review
#4
Katarzyna B Leja, Katarzyna Czaczyk
Herbs and spices have been used for food and medicinal purposes for centuries - the first recorded evidence of their use dates back to 1500BC and the Ebers Papyrus, which mentioned spices such as anise, mustard, saffron, cinnamon, and cassia. Now, in the 21st century, a variety of secondary compounds produced by plants are used in many fields of industry, such as food production (to improve taste, to provide vitamins and macro- and microelements, and also to inhibit food spoilage caused by foodborne bacteria), in medicine (in the treatment of various diseases; in chemoprevention and cancer therapy; as a source of natural antimicrobials for the treatment of infectious disease), and in pharmacology and cosmetology (in dietary supplements, and as a result of the demand for preservative-free cosmetics, to reduce the risk of methylparaben allergies)...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067965/rp-hplc-dad-esi-qtof-ms-based-metabolic-profiling-of-the-potential-olea-europaea-by-product-wood-and-its-comparison-with-leaf-counterpart
#5
Sonda Ammar, Maria Del Mar Contreras, Boutheina Gargouri, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Mohamed Bouaziz
INTRODUCTION: Olea europaea L. organs such as leaves, stems and roots have been associated with numerous in vivo and in vitro biological activities and used for traditional medicinal purposes. However, tree wood is an untapped resource with little information about their chemical composition. OBJECTIVE: That is why, the objective of this study is to increase the knowledge about phytochemicals from 'Chemlali' olive wood by means of mass spectrometry-based analyses...
January 9, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062373/liposomal-encapsulation-masks-genotoxicity-of-a-chemotherapeutic-agent-in-regulatory-toxicology-assessments
#6
Jenolyn F Alexander, David Aguirre-Villarreal, Biana Godin
The burgeoning application of nanotechnology to a variety of industries including cosmetics, food, medicine and materials has led to the exploration of nanotoxicology as a trending subject of research. However the role of a nanovector, in affecting the mutagenicity of its therapeutic payload has not yet been investigated. In this study, we compare the mutagenicity of the free drug - doxorubicin hydrochloride with its nanoencapsulated form - doxorubicin loaded liposome, using conventional methods required for regulatory approval...
January 3, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058469/fungal-endophytes-an-alternative-source-for-production-of-volatile-compounds-from-agarwood-oil-of-aquilaria-subintegra
#7
Sakon Monggoot, Siam Popluechai, Eleni Gentekaki, Patcharee Pripdeevech
Fungal endophytes are microorganisms that are well-known for producing a diverse array of secondary metabolites. Recent studies have uncovered the bioprospecting potential of several plant endophytic fungi. Here, we demonstrate the presence of highly bioactive fungal endophytic species in Aquilaria subintegra, a fragrant wood plant collected from Thailand. Thirty-three fungal endophytic strains were isolated and further identified to genus level based on morphological characteristics. These genera included Colletotrichum, Pestalotiopsis, Fusarium, Russula, Arthrinium, Diaporthe and Cladosporium...
January 5, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034807/increased-permeability-of-reconstructed-human-epidermis-from-uvb-irradiated-keratinocytes
#8
Lilian Julia Löwenau, Christian Zoschke, Robert Brodwolf, Pierre Volz, Christian Hausmann, Suvara Wattanapitayakul, Alexander Boreham, Ulrike Alexiev, Monika Schäfer-Korting
Extrinsic (photo) aging accelerates chronologically aging in the skin due to cumulative UV irradiation. Despite recent insights into the molecular mechanisms of fibroblast aging, age-related changes of the skin barrier function have been understudied. In contrast, the constantly increasing subpopulation of aged patients causes a clinical need for effective and safe (dermatological) treatment. Herein, we reconstructed human epidermis from UVB-irradiated keratinocytes (UVB-RHE). UVB-irradiated keratinocytes show higher activity of senescence associated β-galactosidase, less cell proliferation, and reduced viability...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032162/a-practical-technique-for-reduction-of-the-bony-nasal-dorsum-height-using-kazanjian-bone-cutting-forceps
#9
Yalcin Yontar, Sedat Tatar
BACKGROUND: Resection of the nasal hump is one of the most critical steps of the rhinoplasty procedure, which is quite prone to complications when performed improperly or inappropriately. In this article, a practical, facile and minimally traumatic hump resection technique using Kazanjian bone-cutting forceps is presented with excellent cosmetic and functional results. METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive primary (septo-)rhinoplasty patients with wide nasal bases, and various sizes of nasal humps, were enrolled in the study...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032158/dorsal-onlay-with-diced-homologous-processed-rib-cartilage-grafts
#10
Peter J F M Lohuis, Anil Joshi, Gregor M Bran, Frank R Datema, Lenka Vermeeren
BACKGROUND: Diced cartilage wrapped in fascia or modeled with tissue sealant has successfully been used as dorsal onlay grafts in rhinoplasty. The use of autologous material introduces the risk of donor site morbidity, and sometimes availability is limited. METHODS: We present a series of nine cases that were performed using diced irradiated homologous rib cartilage as an onlay graft. RESULTS: Good functional and cosmetic outcomes were achieved in all nine patients, and no significant resorption was seen after a mean follow-up of 20 months...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032157/a-rare-case-of-endochondral-pseudocyst-of-the-auricle
#11
Yahya Baltu, Utku Can Dölen, Orhan Aydin
: Endochondral pseudocyst of the auricle is a very rare, benign, non-inflammatory cystic lesion. It most commonly develops in the scaphoid or triangular fossa of the ear. In this case report, we present a 46-year-old man with a painless lesion on the scaphoid fossa of the right ear. We removed the hypertrophic perichondrium forming the anterior wall of the pseudocyst, curetted the ear cartilage, and dressed it with compression. No complications, such as infection, seroma, or hematoma, occurred during the postoperative period...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032153/accessory-axillary-breast-excision-with-liposuction-using-minimal-incision-a-preliminary-report
#12
Seong Bae Hwang, Byung Seo Choi, Geon Young Byun, Bum Hwan Koo, Sung Ryul Lee
BACKGROUND: Accessory breasts have received little attention in the surgical fields, although the condition is quite common in the female population, with 2-6% of women suffering from it. Its convexity and cyclic pain make women feel embarrassed and uncomfortable, so patients often desire surgical excision to improve their appearances and to remove the pain. METHODS: A total of 967 patients who had been treated by an excision of accessory breast tissue with liposuction using minimal incision from September 2013 to Dec 2015 at the Damsoyu Hospital were analyzed for clinical factors retrospectively...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032150/ocular-pain-and-impending-blindness-during-facial-cosmetic-injections-is-your-office-prepared
#13
Giselle Prado, Jose Rodríguez-Feliz
: Soft tissue filler injections are the second most common non-surgical procedure performed by the plastic surgeon. Embolization of intravascular material after facial injection is a rare but terrifying outcome due to the high likelihood of long-term sequela such as blindness and cerebrovascular accident. The literature is replete with examples of permanent blindness caused by injection with autologous fat, soft tissue fillers such as hyaluronic acid, PLLA, calcium hydroxyl-apatite, and even corticosteroid suspensions...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027260/evidence-based-medicine-liposuction
#14
Christopher T Chia, Ryan M Neinstein, Spero J Theodorou
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Review the appropriate indications and techniques for suction-assisted lipectomy body contouring surgery. 2. Accurately calculate the patient limits of lidocaine for safe dosing during the tumescent infiltration phase of liposuction. 3. Determine preoperatively possible "red flags" or symptoms and signs in the patient history and physical examination that may indicate a heightened risk profile for a liposuction procedure...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019642/recent-updates-on-melanocyte-biology-and-the-use-of-promising-bioactive-compounds-for-the-treatment-of-hypopigmentary-disorders-a-review
#15
Sharique A Ali, Ishrat Naaz, Kamal Uddin Zaidi, Ayesha Sharique Ali
Skin pigmentation is a broadly appearing phenomenon in nature which plays an important task of determining the appearance and biology of all vertebrates including human beings. Skin color is a crucial attribute, determined by the synthesis of melanin pigment within melanocytes by the process of melanogenesis and is regulated by many extrinsic as well as intrinsic factors. Tyrosinase catalyzes the key step of melanogenesis, dysfunction of tyrosinase leads to reduce melanin production which results in severe clinical and aesthetical problems of hypopigmentation...
December 23, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018778/technical-considerations-for-filler-and-neuromodulator-refinements
#16
José Raúl Montes, Anthony J Wilson, Brian L Chang, Ivona Percec
Background: The toolbox for cosmetic practitioners is growing at an unprecedented rate. There are novel products every year and expanding off-label indications for neurotoxin and soft-tissue filler applications. Consequently, aesthetic physicians are increasingly challenged by the task of selecting the most appropriate products and techniques to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Methods: We employed a PubMed literature search of facial injectables from the past 10 years (2005-2015), with emphasis on those articles embracing evidence-based medicine...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993822/calcitriol-mediated-hypercalcaemia-with-silicone-granulomas-due-to-cosmetic-injection
#17
Stephen Melnick, Ana Abaroa-Salvatierra, Mrunalini Deshmukh, Arti Patel
We present a case of a 41-year-old woman with medical history significant for urolithiasis presenting to our hospital for psychiatric evaluation due to worsening depression and suicidal ideations for the past 2 weeks. Initial laboratory results show hypercalcaemia of 13.5 mg/mL that led to consulting internal medicine. On further questioning, the patient admitted to cosmetic silicone injections in her buttocks which were causing calcium deposition under her skin, leading to disfigurement of the sacrum and lumbar regions...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986736/efficacy-and-safety-of-wuling-san-for-treatment-of-breast-cancer-related-upper-extremity-lymphoedema-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#18
Huiru Zhu, Zheng Peng, Meiyu Dai, Yan Zou, Fengxian Qin, Jifei Chen, Liuying Song, Baoyu He, Xiaolan Lv, Shengming Dai
INTRODUCTION: Breast-cancer-related upper extremity lymphoedema (BCUL), a common complication of mastectomy, can cause physical discomfort, psychological distress, cosmetic defects, functional disability and chronic recurrent erysipelas in the affected arm(s). It is a challenge to physicians involved in the management of these patients. Wuling San, a classic prescription in Traditional Chinese Medicine used in treating oedema for thousands of years, is reported by many Chinese journals to perform well in BCUL...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955739/phytochemical-overview-and-medicinal-importance-of-coffea-species-from-the-past-until-now
#19
REVIEW
Éva Brigitta Patay, Tímea Bencsik, Nóra Papp
Coffea (coffee) species are grown in almost all countries along the Equator. Many members of the genus have a large production history and an important role both in the global market and researches. Seeds (Coffeae semen) are successfully used in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries due to its caffeine and high polyphenol content. Nowadays, the three best-known coffee species are Arabic (Coffea arabica L.), Robusta (Coffea robusta L. Linden), and Liberian coffees (Coffea liberica Hiern.). Even though, many records are available on coffee in scientific literature, wild coffee species like Bengal coffee (Coffea benghalensis Roxb...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931216/promising-features-of-moringa-oleifera-oil-recent-updates-and-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Imran
Lipids are the concentrated source of energy, fat soluble vitamins, essential fatty acids, carriers of flavours and many bio-active compounds with important role in maintaining physiological functions of biological body. Moringa oleifera is native to Himalaya and widely grown in many Asian and African countries with seed oil content range from 35-40%. Moringa oleifera oil (MOO) has light yellow colour with mild nutty flavour and fatty acids composition suggests that MOO is highly suitable for both edible and non-edible applications...
December 8, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
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