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Cosmetic medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643007/the-role-of-lipofilling-after-breast-reconstruction-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-with-breast-q
#1
Annalisa Cogliandro, Mauro Barone, Stefania Tenna, Marco Morelli Coppola, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q reconstruction module in patients selected for lipofilling procedures after implant breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent breast reconstruction with or without delayed lipofilling were enrolled between 2011 and 2015, and they completed BREAST-Q surveys. We administered the questionnaire electronically 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#2
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640863/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-limbal-epithelial-cells-lipsc-as-a-cellular-alternative-for-in-vitro-ocular-toxicity-testing
#3
Edith Aberdam, Isabelle Petit, Linda Sangari, Daniel Aberdam
Induced pluripotent stem cells hold great potential to produce unlimited amount of differentiated cells as cellular source for regenerative medicine but also for in vitro drug screening and cytotoxicity tests. Ocular toxicity testing is mandatory to evaluate the risks of drugs and cosmetic products before their application to human patients by preventing eye irritation or insult. Since the global ban to use animals, many human-derived alternatives have been proposed, from ex-vivo enucleated postmortem cornea, primary corneal cell culture and immortalized corneal epithelial cell lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640741/an-endophytic-fusarium-sp-isolated-from-monarda-citriodora-produces-the-industrially-important-plant-like-volatile-organic-compound-hexanal
#4
Meenu Katoch, Kushal Bindu, Shipra Phull, M K Verma
An endophytic fungus, MC_25L, has been isolated from the leaves of MonardacitriodoraCerv. ex Lag., a medicinal and aromatic herb from the northwestern Himalayas. It produces a fruity fragrance while growing on potato dextrose agar, suggesting that it is producing volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The endophyte inhibited the growth of plant pathogens such asSclerotiniasp. and Aspergillusflavus by virtue of VOCs. Identification of MC_25L based on morphological and microscopic features, as well as ITS-based rDNA sequence analysis, revealed that it is a Fusariumsp...
June 22, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639368/botulinum-toxin-state-of-the-art
#5
REVIEW
Joseph Jankovic
Botulinun neurotoxin (BoNT) has emerged as one of the most multipurpose therapeutic agents in modern medicine with more clinical applications than any other drug currently on the market. Initially developed in the treatment of strabismus and neurologic movement disorders, the use of botulinun neurotoxin has been expanding during the past 3 decades to include the treatment of a variety of ophthalmologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, orthopedic, dermatologic, dental, secretory, painful, cosmetic, and other conditions...
June 22, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633984/herbal-medicinal-products-in-pregnancy-which-data-are-available
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wiesner, Werner Knöss
This review aims to highlight recent approaches concerning usage of (traditional) herbal medicinal products in pregnancy and to discuss appropriate strategies to handle limited information. Therefore, published monographs of the Committee on Herbal Medicinal products (HMPC) and selected publicly funded webpages, medicinal handbooks, publications and industry and health care organisations webpages were evaluated. While within the monographs of the HMPC a rather conservative approach could be found (mainly because of lacking nonclinical and/or clinical studies), all other sources display a wide variety of information or assessments, thereby often giving contradictory recommendations...
June 17, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628019/-study-of-lipids-of-the-fruits-of-usual-hazel-nut-corylus-avellana-l-growing-in-georgia
#7
B Kikalishvili, N Gorgaslidze, D Zurabashvili, Ts Sulakvelidze, M Malania, D Turabelidze
The aim of this investigation was the study of lipids from the fruits of usual hazel-nut Corylus avellana L, growing in Georgia. Ripe fruits was collected in the West Georgia, just in Imereti. From the powdered fruits was obtained the sums of neutral and pollar lipids. Qualitatively there were established classes entered in them. By using High performance liquid chromatography qualitatively and quantitatively were identified ten fatty acids, which time of deduction hesitate from 4,01 min to 13,00 min. By the analyses there were determined unsaturated fatty acids C12:0 to C24:0...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625820/the-effect-of-economic-downturn-on-the-volume-of-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Nasa Fujihara, Meghan E Lark, Yuki Fujihara, Kevin C Chung
BACKGROUND: Economic downturn can have a wide range of effects on medicine at both individual and national levels. We aim to describe these effects in relation to surgical volume to guide future planning for physician specialization, patient expectations in the face of economic crises, or estimating healthcare expenditure. We hypothesized that because of high out-of-pocket costs, cosmetic procedure volumes would be most affected by economic decline. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase, and ABI/INFORMS...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619097/adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-regenerative-medicine-a-brief-review-on-biology-and-translation
#9
REVIEW
Pablo Bora, Anish S Majumdar
Adipose/fat tissue provides an abundant source of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells for immediate administration and can also give rise to a substantial number of cultured, multipotent adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs). Recently, both SVF and ADSCs have gained wide-ranging translational significance in regenerative medicine. Initially used for cosmetic breast enhancement, this mode of treatment has found use in many diseases involving immune disorders, tissue degeneration, and ischaemic conditions. In this review, we try to address several important aspects of this field, outlining the biology, technology, translation, and challenges related to SVF- and ADSC-based therapies...
June 15, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615153/-click-for-closer-care-a-content-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-websites-in-four-countries
#10
Sandra Zwier
BACKGROUND: Combinations of professional and commercial communication are typically very controversial, particularly in health care communication on the Internet. Websites of licensed community pharmacies on the other hand tend to raise remarkably little controversy, although they typically contain controversial combinations of clinical and commercial services previously unprecedented in professional health care communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to fill the void of knowledge about the combination of clinical and commercial services presented on the websites of licensed community pharmacies...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609145/three-phase-partitioning-as-an-elegant-and-versatile-platform-applied-to-non-chromatographic-bioseparation-processes
#11
Jing-Kun Yan, Yao-Yao Wang, Wen-Yi Qiu, Haile Ma, Zhen-Bin Wang, Jian-Yong Wu
In recent years, a big trend has been the development of rapid, green, efficient, economical, and scalable approaches for the separation and purification of bioactive molecules from natural sources, which can be used in food, cosmetics, and medicine. As a new non-chromatographic bioseparation technology, three-phase partitioning (TPP) is attracting the attention of a growing number of scientists and engineers. Although a number of studies have been published in the last 40 years regarding the extraction, separation, and purification of numerous bioactive molecules using TPP systems, a background review on TPP partitioning fundamentals and its applications is much needed...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593779/-hirsutism
#12
M Fanta
OBJECTIVE: Overview of excessive hair growth in women, hirsutism. Although women with hirsutism typically present because of cosmetic concerns, the majority also have an underlying endocrine disorder. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Faculty of Medicine of Charles Universtity, Prague. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hirsutism is a clinical diagnosis defined by the presence of excess terminal hair growth (dark, coarse hairs) in androgen-sensitive areas...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584815/from-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-insulin-producing-cells-comparison-between-bone-marrow-and-adipose-tissue-derived-cells
#13
Mahmoud M Gabr, Mahmoud M Zakaria, Ayman F Refaie, Engy A Abdel-Rahman, Asmaa M Reda, Sameh S Ali, Sherry M Khater, Sylvia A Ashamallah, Amani M Ismail, Hossam El-Din A Ismail, Nagwa El-Badri, Mohamed A Ghoneim
The aim of this study is to compare human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs), for their differentiation potentials to form insulin-producing cells. BM-MSCs were obtained during elective orthotopic surgery and AT-MSCs from fatty aspirates during elective cosmetics procedures. Following their expansion, cells were characterized by phenotyping, trilineage differentiation ability, and basal gene expression of pluripotency genes and for their metabolic characteristics...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584573/inhibitory-effect-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-extract-on-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-induced-melanogenesis-in-murine-b16f10-melanoma
#14
Eugene Shim, Eunju Song, Kyoung Sook Choi, Hyuk-Joon Choi, Jinah Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gastrodia elata Blume (GEB), a traditional herbal medicine, has been used to treat a wide range of neurological disorders (e.g., paralysis and stroke) and skin problems (e.g., atopic dermatitis and eczema) in oriental medicine. This study was designed to investigate whether GEB extract inhibits melanogenesis activity in murine B16F10 melanoma. MATERIALS/METHOD: Murine B16F10 cells were treated with 0-5 mg/mL of GEB extract or 400 µg/mL arbutin (a positive control) for 72 h after treatment with/without 200 nM alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) for 24 h...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573229/analysis-of-phenolic-and-flavonoids-of-wild-ephedra-alata-plant-extracts-by-lc-pda-and-lc-ms-and-their-antioxidant-activity
#15
Fuad Al-Rimawi, Saleh Abu-Lafi, Jehad Abbadi, Ayman A A Alamarneh, Raneen A Sawahreh, Imad Odeh
BACKGROUND: Ephedra is among Palestinian medicinal plants that are traditionally used in folkloric medicine for treating many diseases. Ephedra is known to have antibacterial and antioxidant effects. The goal of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant activity of different extracts from the Ephedra alata plant growing wild in Palestine, and to analyze their phenolic and flavonoid constituents by HPLC/PDA and HPLC/MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of the Ephedra alata plant grown wild in Palestine were extracted with three different solvents namely, 100% water, 80% ethanol, and 100% ethanol...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570907/melanin-gamma-rays-assistants-for-bismuth-oxide-nanoparticles-synthesis-at-room-temperature-for-enhancing-antimicrobial-and-photocatalytic-activity
#16
Ahmed I El-Batal, Gharieb S El-Sayyad, Abbas El-Ghamry, Kerolos M Agaypi, Mohamed A Elsayed, Mohamed Gobara
Melanin pigment has been deemed as a natural photoprotector with strong hydrophobicity. It allured considerable compatibility with many applications in medicine, food, and nanotechnology. Penicillium chrysogenium has been devoted to the green synthesis of melanin whereby optimizing its culture and environmental conditions. The impacts of alternative economic L-tyrosine natural sources (unprecedented alternate origins) and gamma radiation were pledged for the potential growing of the pigment. Herein, notable increases in melanin yield (6...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567475/interface-between-cosmetic-and-migraine-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Gfrerer, Bahman Guyuron
This article describes connections between migraine surgery and cosmetic surgery including technical overlap, benefits for patients, and why every plastic surgeon may consider screening cosmetic surgery patients for migraine headache (MH). Contemporary migraine surgery began by an observation made following forehead rejuvenation, and the connection has continued. The prevalence of MH among females in the USA is 26%, and females account for 91% of cosmetic surgery procedures and 81-91% of migraine surgery procedures, which suggests substantial overlap between both patient populations...
May 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564614/enhanced-barrier-functions-and-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-cultured-coconut-extract-on-human-skin
#18
Soomin Kim, Ji Eun Jang, Jihee Kim, Young In Lee, Dong Won Lee, Seung Yong Song, Ju Hee Lee
Natural plant oils have been used as a translational alternative to modern medicine. Particularly, virgin coconut oil (VCO) has gained popularity because of its potential benefits in pharmaceutical, nutritional, and cosmetic applications. Cultured coconut extract (CCE) is an alternative end product of VCO, which undergoes a further bacterial fermentation process. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CCE on human skin. We analyzed the expression of skin barrier molecules and collagens after applying CCE on human explanted skin...
May 28, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557384/-transcription-factor-p53-and-skin-aging
#19
D A Gritsenko, O A Orlova, N S Linkova, V Kh Khavinson
The review is devoted to an actual problem of cosmetics in gerontology, one of molecular aspects of skin aging. Cell renewal processes slow down with aging, and the proliferation apoptosis ratio shifts towards cell death. One of the most pivotal apoptotic markers is the transcription factor p53. p53 protein expression in the skin keratinocytes increases under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Wherein when exposed to ultraviolet radiation mutant forms of p53 have been revealed in 70 % of keratinocytes...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#20
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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