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Cyanotic heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811093/risk-factors-for-infective-endocarditis-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Li-Chuan Sun, Chih-Cheng Lai, Cheng-Yi Wang, Ya-Hui Wang, Jen-Yu Wang, Yo-Ling Hsu, Yin-Lan Hu, En-Ting Wu, Ming-Tai Lin, Leticia B Sy, Likwang Chen
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is uncommon in childhood. Its associated epidemiological characteristics in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. METHODS: The study population included children born in Taiwan during the years 1997 to 2005 who were diagnosed as having CHD before 3years of age. All children were followed up until the end year of 2010, the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, or death. The demographic characteristics of patients with and without IE, the invasive procedures performed during 6months before the index date, the prophylactic antibiotics related to dental procedures, and in-hospital mortality were collected...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794526/effect-of-ketamine-on-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-response-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-study
#2
Tamer Hamed Ibrahim, Hassan Saad Abdelrahman, Mohammed A Alharbi, Ibrahim A Zabani, Mohamed Fouad Ismail, Heba Kary
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paediatric cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a marked inflammatory response and triggers release of inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to study the effect of ketamine on the inflammatory response during correction of congenital cyanotic heart diseases. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with congenital cyanotic heart diseases scheduled for cardiac surgery were randomised into three groups. Group A patients did not receive ketamine (control group), Group B patients received 2 mg/kg ketamine intravenous (IV) and Group C patients received ketamine 2 mg/kg IV and an IV infusion of ketamine (50 μg/kg/min)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780403/forgotten-not-yet-cardiogenic-brain-abscess-in-children-a-case-series-based-review
#3
Suhas Udayakumaran, Chiazor U Onyia, R Krishnakumar
INTRODUCTION: Brain abscess is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with uncorrected or partially palliated congenital cyanotic heart disease (CCHD). Unfortunately, in the developing world, the majority of the patients with CCHD remain either uncorrected or partially palliated. Furthermore, a risk of this feared complication also exists even among those undergoing staged corrective operations in the interval in between operations. There have been no recent articles in the literature on surgical outcomes of management of cardiogenic brain abscess in children...
August 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713984/downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-199a%C3%A2-5p-protects-cardiomyocytes-in-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-by-attenuating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#4
Yang Zhou, Wei-Kun Jia, Zhao Jian, Liang Zhao, Chen-Cheng Liu, Yong Wang, Ying-Bin Xiao
Chronic hypoxia is a key pathological change in patients with cyanotic congenital heart defect (CCHD). It has been demonstrated that enhanced myocardial unfolded protein response (UPR) increases the capacity to buffer endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and to avoid subsequent apoptosis caused by the hypoxia that underlies CCHD. The present study was performed to determine the regulatory role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in this cytoprotective UPR process. The results revealed that miR‑199a‑5p was markedly downregulated in the cardiac tissue of patients with CCHD and in human myocardial cells cultured in hypoxic conditions...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701598/the-blalock-and-taussig-shunt-revisited
#5
REVIEW
Usha Kiran, Shivani Aggarwal, Arin Choudhary, B Uma, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
The systemic to pulmonary artery shunts are done as palliative procedures for cyanotic congenital heart diseases ranging from simple tetralogy of Fallots (TOFs)/pulmonary atresia (PA) to complex univentricular hearts. They allow growth of pulmonary arteries and maintain regulated blood flow to the lungs till a proper age and body weight suitable for definitive corrective repair is reached. We have reviewed the BT shunt with its anaesthtic considerations and management of associated complications.
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685697/does-pharmacological-therapy-still-play-a-role-in-preventing-sudden-death-in-surgically-treated-tetralogy-of-fallot
#6
Gabriele Bronzetti, Maurizio Brighenti, Marco Bonvicini
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease, with a familial recurrence risk of 3%. Despite the performing of an optimal surgical repair, TOF patients may feature a poor medium and long-term survival rate: atrial re-entrant tachycardia will develop in more than 30% of patients and high-grade ventricular arrhythmias will be seen in about 10% of patients. These life-threatening arrhythmias and consequent sudden death continue to represent serious complications following TOF repair...
July 7, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680470/a-case-of-successfully-managed-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-complex-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#7
J Y Liu, W K Tan, E L Tan, J L Tan, L K Tan
Medical advances have increased survival of patients with congenital heart disease. However, cardiac disease in pregnancy carries significant maternal and fetal risks, posing enormous challenges to obstetricians. Cyanotic congenital heart disease is associated with maternal complications such as arrhythmias, thromboembolic events and death. Fetal complications include small for gestational age, miscarriage and prematurity. Cyanotic congenital heart disease patients who continue their pregnancies require holistic multidisciplinary team care with early and coordinated planning for delivery...
June 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674625/gender-related-differences-in-self-reported-dental-care-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-at-increased-risk-of-infective-endocarditis
#8
Susann Schmidt, Marlies Ramseier-Hadorn, Corina Thomet, Kerstin Wustmann, Markus Schwerzmann
OBJECTIVE: Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk of infective endocarditis (IE). Women with CHD have a lower IE risk, potentially due to gender-related differences in dental care. We aimed to assess self-reported dental hygiene measures in adults with CHD, and to identify factors associated with good oral hygiene. METHODS AND RESULTS: Descriptive study includes 187 adults with CHD at increased risk of IE. The patients' IE knowledge was assessed using an adapted version of the Leuven Knowledge Questionnaire for CHD...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663364/platelet-count-and-mean-platelet-volume-predict-outcome-in-adults-with-eisenmenger-syndrome
#9
Agustin C Martin-Garcia, Deepa Rj Arachchillage, Aleksander Kempny, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Ana Martin-Garcia, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Stephen J Wort, Laura C Price, Colm McCabe, Pedro Luis Sanchez, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Michael A Gatzoulis
OBJECTIVES: Although a significant proportion of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease are thrombocytopaenic, its prevalence and clinical significance in adults with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is not well studied. Accordingly, we examined the relationship of thrombocytopaenia and mean platelet volume (MPV) to bleeding or thrombotic complications and survival in a contemporary cohort of patients with ES, including patients with Down syndrome. METHODS: Demographics, laboratory and clinical data were analysed from 226 patients with ES under active follow-up over 11 years...
June 29, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634172/identifying-an-oxygenation-index-threshold-for-increased-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-failure
#10
Brandon G Hammond, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Paul Kang, Mounica Y Rao, Brigham C Willis, Heidi J Dalton
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to examine current oxygenation index (OI) data and outcomes using electronic medical record data to identify a specific OI value associated with mortality. METHODS: This study was a retrospective electronic medical record data review from the pediatric ICU of Phoenix Children's Hospital, with data mining for variables to calculate OIs on subjects age 1 month to 20 y mechanically ventilated >24 h, excluding those with known intracardiac shunts or cyanotic heart disease...
June 20, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632506/adenotonsillectomy-for-the-management-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-patient-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease-a-case-report
#11
Adam C Adler, Yuan-Jiun Nicole Chao
Pulmonary hypertension is a feared complication in congenital heart disease patients. Patients with pulmonary hypertension are at risk for major perioperative cardiopulmonary complications when undergoing any surgical procedure, especially airway and laparoscopic procedures. We present the anesthetic management for a 2-year old with Down syndrome and complex cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for severe obstructive sleep apnea.
June 19, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628576/the-insight-from-foresight-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Adam C Adler, Stephen A Stayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623384/the-role-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-for-decision-making-in-patients-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#13
REVIEW
Frederic Dallaire, Rachel M Wald, Ariane Marelli
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease. As a result of the surgical strategies employed at the time of initial repair, chronic pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is prevalent in this population. Despite sustained research efforts, patient selection and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) to address PR in young asymptomatic patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) remain a fundamental but as yet unanswered question in the field of congenital heart disease...
June 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619123/chd-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-global-expert-exchange-recommendations
#14
Robert M R Tulloh, Constancio Medrano-Lopez, Paul A Checchia, Claudia Stapper, Naokata Sumitomo, Matthias Gorenflo, Eun Jung Bae, Antonio Juanico, Juan M Gil-Jaurena, Mei-Hwan Wu, Talal Farha, Ali Dodge-Khatami, Rocky Tsang, Gerard Notario, Colleen Wegzyn
BACKGROUND: Palivizumab is the standard immunoprophylaxis against serious disease due to respiratory syncytial virus infection. Current evidence-based prophylaxis guidelines may not address certain children with CHD within specific high-risk groups or clinical/management settings. METHODS: An international steering committee of clinicians with expertise in paediatric heart disease identified key questions concerning palivizumab administration; in collaboration with an additional international expert faculty, evidence-based recommendations were formulated using a quasi-Delphi consensus methodology...
June 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601176/cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-essential-primer-for-the-practicing-radiologist
#15
REVIEW
Evan J Zucker, Jeffrey L Koning, Edward Y Lee
The cyanotic congenital heart diseases are a rare and heterogeneous group of disorders, often requiring urgent neonatal management. Although echocardiography is the mainstay for imaging, continued technological advances have expanded the role for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, helping to limit invasive cardiac catheterization. In this article, the authors review the broad spectrum of cyanotic congenital heart disease, focusing on the utility of advanced noninvasive imaging modalities while highlighting key clinical features and management considerations...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598000/peptidomic-analysis-of-maternal-serum-to-identify-biomarker-candidates-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#16
Bin Zhuang, Yin Hu, Xuemei Fan, Mengmeng Li, Jingai Zhu, Heng Liu, Li Cao, Dong Liang, Jingjing Zhang, Zhangbin Yu, Shuping Han
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease. To identify endogenous peptides possibly involved in the progression of TOF, we performed comparative peptidomic profiling of maternal serum between normal fetuses and fetuses suffering from TOF. A total of 278 differentially expressed peptides, including 94 over-expressed peptides and 184 under-expressed peptides, originating from 227 protein precursors were identified by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS) in maternal serum of fetuses with TOF compared to normal controls...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576635/-infective-endocarditis-prophylaxis-in-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Sylvie Di Filippo
Infective endocarditis can negatively impact prognosis of congenital heart disease and has a 10-15% incidence of mortality. New guidelines recommend prophylaxis of infective endocarditis only for high-risk group (cyanotic congenital heart disease, valvular prosthesis, previous endocarditis) and for some specific invasive dental procedures. New guidelines are focused mainly on oral and cutaneous hygiene. Native shunts and valvular disease are no more targets for prophylaxis. More than half of the physicians do not follow the new guidelines...
May 30, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555332/protective-role-of-downregulated-mlk3-in-myocardial-adaptation-to-chronic-hypoxia
#18
Siyi He, Shunbi Liu, Xiaochen Wu, Mei Xin, Sheng Ding, Dong Xin, Hui Ouyang, Jinbao Zhang
A series of protective responses could be evoked to achieve compensatory adaptation once cardiomyocytes are subjected to chronic hypoxia. MLK3/JNK/c-jun signaling pathway was previously demonstrated to be involved in this process. In the present study, we aim to further examine the performance of MLK3 in hypoxic H9C2 cells and potential mechanism. Myocardial samples of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) were collected. H9C2 cells were cultured in hypoxic conditions for various durations. MLK3 was silenced by transfection of shRNA to evaluate its role in cell viability...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542655/-risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-acute-renal-failure-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-cardiopulmonary-bypass-surgery
#19
Elsa Nohemí Reyes-Flandes, Alejandro Herrera-Landero, Pascual Bobadilla-González, Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a complication associated with cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with an impact on morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with postoperative IRA according to pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage Renal Disease scale in children undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A nested case-control study was conducted. We included children under 16 years of age attended postoperative for CBP in a pediatric intensive care unit over a period of 18 months...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514318/cerebral-oxygen-saturation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-chronic-hypoxemia
#20
Barry D Kussman, Peter C Laussen, Paul B Benni, Francis X McGowan, Doff B McElhinney
BACKGROUND: Increased hemoglobin (Hb) concentration accompanying hypoxemia is a compensatory response to maintain tissue oxygen delivery. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used clinically to detect abnormalities in the balance of cerebral tissue oxygen delivery and consumption, including in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Although NIRS-measured cerebral tissue O2 saturation (ScO2) correlates with arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), jugular bulb O2 saturation (SjbO2), and Hb, little data exist on the interplay between these factors and cerebral O2 extraction (COE)...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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