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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676738/the-winged-scapula-a-muscle-rupture-or-a-nerve-paralysis-a-case-series
#1
Sana Salah, Houda Migaou, Zied Belaaj, Soumaya Boudokhane, Anis Jellad, Abderrazak Abid, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: Winging of the scapula has a variety of causes and a variable prognosis. It contributes to a disruption of the scapulohumeral rhythm with a decreased flexion and abduction of the upper extremity and a source of a considerable pain. This condition can affect the ability to perform activities of daily living. The most common cause of scapula winging is serratus anterior paralysis resulting from a lesion of the long thoracic nerve. The rupture of the muscle itself remains uncommon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676737/sensory-nerve-action-potential-in-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injuries
#2
Sameh Ghroubi, Samar Alila, Atika Mallek, Wafa Elleuch, Khlil Nouri, Mohamed Habib Elleuch
OBJECTIVE: To show the contribution of the sensory nerve action potential in the topographic diagnosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries through an illustration of 7 clinical cases. OBSERVATIONS: We report 7 clinical cases of patients with unilateral traumatic brachial plexus injuries, following public highway accident. We realized an electroneuromyographic test (ENMG) for each patient in our service. A radiculopathy C5C6C7 were found in 3 subjects. Other patients had a radiculopathy C5 T1, a radiculopathy C7C8 T1, a lesion of the upper trunk or a lesion of the posterior cord...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638136/between-genetics-and-biology-is-enmg-useful-in-peripheral-neuropathy-diagnosis-and-management
#3
E Stålberg
Neurography and EMG are complementary techniques used in the diagnosis and monitoring of neuropathies. Both assess function of the peripheral nervous system and provide clinically useful information regarding the functional status of peripheral nerves. This information is not readily obtainable using biochemical, genetic or imaging techniques. I will discuss the role of these techniques in the diagnosis and management of neuropathies and some limitations of these techniques. These methods are routinely used in an EMG lab...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624119/high-incidence-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-after-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Marine Loizon, Chloé Laurencin, Christophe Vial, Teodor Danaila, Stéphane Thobois
We observed several cases of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) revealed after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). 115 consecutive PD patients who underwent STN-DBS between 2010 and 2014 at the Neurological Hospital in Lyon were retrospectively included. CTS was accepted as the diagnosis only if clinical examination and ENMG both confirmed it. Nine patients (7.8 %) developed CTS in the 2 years following surgery, which is far beyond the 2.7/1000 incidence in the general population...
December 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477989/bilateral-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-a-4-year-old-girl
#5
Ozge Gulsum Illeez, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Ozan Ozkaya, Ilknur Aktas, Korhan Ozkan
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most common entrapment neuropathy in adulthood, is rare in childhood. The symptoms may differ to those in adults, or may be misinterpreted owing to children's difficulties in expressing themselves. Cases of idiopathic, bilateral CTS under the age of 5 are rare. A 4-year-old girl presented with pain in both hands and difficulty opening them in the morning. Bilateral severe CTS was determined at electroneuromyography (ENMG). Bilateral wrist splints were advised for both hands...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977628/-molecular-genetic-diagnosis-and-clinical-features-of-hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies-in-belarusian-patients
#6
T V Asadchuk, N V Rumiantseva, I V Naumchik, S A Likhachev, I V Pleshko, L V Shalkevich, I V Jevneronok, J P Kachan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the molecular defect, a phenotype of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP, OMIM 162500), in patients with PMP22 gene mutation caused by 1.5 Mb deletion at 17p11.2. and present the principles of diagnosis and genetic counselling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were selected on the basis of the results of the clinical/genealogical analysis, neurological examination and ENMG study. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810539/identifying-a-therapeutic-window-in-acute-and-subacute-inflammatory-sensory-neuronopathies
#7
Jean-Christophe Antoine, Florence Robert-Varvat, Thierry Maisonobe, Alain Créange, Jérôme Franques, Stéphane Mathis, Emilien Delmont, Thierry Kuntzer, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Jean Pouget, Karine Viala, Claude Desnuelle, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Francesco Rotolo, Jean-Philippe Camdessanché
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory sensory neuronopathy (SNN) may benefit from immunomodulatory or immunosuppressant treatments if administered timely. Knowing the temporal profile of neuronal loss in dorsal root ganglia will help to ascertain whether a final diagnosis may be reached before the occurrence of irreversible neuronal injuries. Thus, we addressed the evolution of neuronal loss in SNN by using sensory nerve action potentials (SNAPs) as a surrogate marker of neuron degeneration...
February 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26531403/statistical-processing-of-parkinson-and-other-movement-disorders-examination-using-multi-channel-enmg-system
#8
V R Raju, M Rukmini, R Borgohain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525809/-a-clinical-electroneuromyographic-study-of-the-efficacy-of-ipidacrine-in-patients-with-mononeuropathies
#9
G N Avakyan, G G Avakyan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of axamon (ipidacrine) therapy in patients with focal neuropathies--mononeuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 35 patients, aged 18 years and older, with focal neuropathies (tunnel syndromes, radiculopathies). In the main group (n=20) axamon (ipidacrine) was prescribed in addition to the basic (standard) therapy (group B vitamins, lipoic acid) during 6 week, in the control group (n=15) patients remained only on the basic (standard) treatment...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376569/-the-anterior-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
C Milants, F C Wang, L Gomulinski, F Ledon, D Petrover, R Bonnet, J M Crielaard, J F Kaux
The anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is a rare entrapment neuropathy of the deep peroneal nerve beneath the inferior extensor retinaculum of the ankle. It is frequently unrecognized and may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We report the case of a 77 year old patient complaining of symptoms of an anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome with neuropathic pain located at the dorsal part of the foot, without any sensorimotor loss. The ENMG was in favour of a motor impairment of the deep peroneal nerve. MRI exploration of the ankle showed a millimetric bony overgrowth of the upper pole of the navicular bone, irritative to the deep peroneal nerve...
July 2015: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356522/-parameters-of-electroneuromyography-of-lower-extremities-and-densitometry-in-osteochondrosis-of-lumbar-spine
#11
T K Verkhozina, E G Ippolitova, E S Tsislyak, V A Sorokovikov, Z V Koshkariova
AIM: To study the density of bone tissue and parameters of electroneuromyography (ENMG) in patients with osteochondrosis of lumbar spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors examined 67 patients, mean age 41 years, diagnosed with unilateral lumbar ischialgia syndrome. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The changes in the density of bone tissue (osteopenia and osteoporosis) and marked disturbances of neuromuscular apparatus function were found in 79% of the patients...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26309691/comparison-of-early-postoperative-period-electrophysiological-and-clinical-findings-following-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-is-emg-necessary
#12
Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili, Vedat Biçici, Çetin Işık, Hatice Aksekili, Mahmut Uğurlu, Adem Akkurt, Metin Doğan
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical findings and ENMG results of the patients who underwent surgery due to CTS, in the preoperative and early postoperative period. METHODS: 33 wrists of 29 patients who underwent open carpal tunnel surgery in our clinic due to CTS, between 2009 and 2011, were evaluated. Electrophysiological progress was evaluated with ENMG and clinical state with Boston scale. RESULTS: A significant decrease was observed in the postoperative BS symptomatic (SSS) and functional (FSS) scores of patients as compared to preoperative period (P=0...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26250881/-the-interest-of-electroneuromyography-in-peripheral-facial-palsy
#13
J L Benaim, O Amar, A Alliez, B Bertrand
In case of peripheral facial palsy, electroneuromyogram of the facial nerve provides an indication of the nature (myelinic and/or axonal) and severity of nerve damage, thereby facilitating establishment of a prognosis, which is favorable for myelin damage, and guarded for severe axonal damage. The initial examination must be carried out during the second week. In case of severe axonal damage, examination results can be monitored at the third, and more particularly the sixth and the twelfth months. Stable neurophysiological data between the sixth and the twelfth months signal damage stability and open the way to possible palliative surgery...
October 2015: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131237/comparison-of-early-postoperative-period-electrophysiological-and-clinical-findings-following-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-is-emg-necessary
#14
Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili, Vedat Biçici, Çetin Işık, Hatice Aksekili, Mahmut Uğurlu, Metin Doğan
UNLABELLED: In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical findings and ENMG results of the patients who underwent surgery due to CTS, in the preoperative and early postoperative period. METHODS: 33 wrists of 29 patients who underwent open carpal tunnel surgery in our clinic due to CTS, between 2009 and 2011, were evaluated. Electrophysiological progress was evaluated with ENMG and clinical state with Boston scale. RESULTS: A significant decrease was observed in the postoperative BS symptomatic (SSS) and functional (FSS) scores of patients as compared to preoperative period (P=0...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26027339/-enmg-assessment-of-efficiency-of-temporal-epidural-electroneurostimulation-in-combined-with-robotic-kinesotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-consequences
#15
A P Shein, G A Krivoruchko, O G Prudnikova
The goal of this study was to ENMG-assess effectiveness of the short combined neurorehabilitation course (temporal epidural stimulation of the spinal cord combined with a robotic kinesotherapy) in the restorative treatment of patients with traumatic spinal cord disease. Before and after completion of the combined instrumental neurorehabilitation (course duration--2-3 weeks) were tested 75 patients with spinal cord injury consequences. The authors used global and stimulation (H-reflex, M-response) electromyography methods...
March 2015: Fiziologiia Cheloveka
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25941879/acute-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-an-uncommon-remittent-type-of-acute-distal-small-fibre-neuropathy
#16
REVIEW
Christel Tran, Jacques Philippe, François Ochsner, Thierry Kuntzer, André Truffert
INTRODUCTION: Acute painful diabetic neuropathy (APDN) is a distinctive diabetic polyneuropathy and consists of two subtypes: treatment-induced neuropathy (TIN) and diabetic neuropathic cachexia (DNC). The characteristics of APDN are (1.) the small-fibre involvement, (2.) occurrence paradoxically after short-term achievement of good glycaemia control, (3.) intense pain sensation and (4.) eventual recovery. In the face of current recommendations to achieve quickly glycaemic targets, it appears necessary to recognise and understand this neuropathy...
2015: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25916937/demonstration-of-ameliorative-effect-of-lacosamide-in-a-rat-model-of-sepsis-induced-critical-illness-polyneuropathy
#17
Volkan Solmaz, Dürdane Aksoy, Mustafa Yılmaz, Enes Eser, Oytun Erbas
OBJECTIVES: Critical illness neuropathy (CIN) is a condition that may occur in diseases with severe systemic response, particularly in sepsis. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory and lipid-peroxidation inhibiting activities of lacosamide by measuring tumour necrotizing factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), C-reactive protein (CRP), malondialdehyde (MDA) and white blood cells (WBC) using electroneuromyography (ENMG) in rats with sepsis-induced critical illness neuropathy (SICIN)...
September 2015: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25608899/-clinical-efficacy-of-mouse-nerve-growth-factor-in-treatment-of-occupational-hand-arm-vibration-disease
#18
Chunyue Fan, Yanyan Wang, Ying Zhang, Li Lang, Xiaofeng Deng, Ying Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) in treating occupational hand-arm vibration disease (HAVD). METHODS: Sixty-four patients with HAVD were equally and randomly divided into treatment group and control group. The control group was given Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and deproteinized extract of calf blood to improve circulation, and also given methylcobalamin tablets and vitamin B6 for neurotrophic treatment. In addition to the above treatments for the control group, the treatment group was also given 30 µg/d mNGF by intramuscular injection for two courses (4 weeks for each course) with a 15-day interval...
December 2014: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25276015/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-and-swimming-exercise-on-rats-with-experimental-sciatic-nerve-injury
#19
Erdoğan Kavlak, Ferda Belge, Cengiz Unsal, Aykut Göktürk Uner, Uğur Cavlak, Selçuk Cömlekçi
[Purpose] The current study aimed to reveal the therapeutic effects of a pulsed electromagnetic field and swimming exercises on rats with experimental sciatic nerve injury, which was induced with crush-type neuropathy model damage, using electrophysiological methods. [Subjects] In the current study, the sample consisted of 28 adult male Wistar albino rats. [Methods] The rats were randomized into four groups (n=7). Swimming exercise and PEMF (2 Hz and 0.3 MT) were applied one hour a day, five days a week, for four weeks...
September 2014: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25218150/sciatic-nerve-compression-by-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-use-of-ct-to-determine-surgical-indications
#20
Marjorie Salga, Claire Jourdan, Marie-Christine Durand, Chloé Hangard, Philippe Denormandie, Robert-Yves Carlier, François Genêt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) based on clinical tests, electroneuromyography (ENMG) and CT in a database of patients with lesions of the central nervous system who required sciatic nerve neurolysis along with posterior hip NHO resection, and to determine the respective roles of ENMG and CT in the management of posterior hip NHOs in patients who are unable to communicate or express pain. METHODS: The consistency of the ENMG results with clinical findings, CT results and macroscopic signs of lesions was retrospectively assessed after sciatic nerve neurolysis and ablation of 55 posterior hip NHOs...
February 2015: Skeletal Radiology
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