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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754297/acute-axonal-neuropathy-subtype-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-a-french-pediatric-series-adequate-follow-up-may-require-repetitive-electrophysiological-studies
#1
Judith Chareyre, Marie Hully, Hina Simonnet, Lucile Musset, Christine Barnerias, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Susana Quijano-Roy, Isabelle Desguerre, Cyril Gitiaux
Different subtypes of Guillain Barré Syndromes (GBSs) are defined by their electrophysiological characteristics, acute inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy (AIDP), and acute motor/motor-sensory axonal forms (AMAN/AMSAN) with either reversible nerve conduction failure (RCF) or axonal degeneration. Our aim was to describe initial clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of axonal forms of GBS in a pediatric population and their short- and long-term evolution. Electroneuromyogram (ENMG) results were collected at diagnosis and at two months of evolution and interpreted using the recently proposed pattern of RCF vs axonal degeneration...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488124/hypomyopathic-dermatomyositis-associated-with-interstitial-lung-disease-and-good-response-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-case-based-review
#2
REVIEW
Roberta Vilela Lopes Koyama, Tiago Kiyoshi Kitabayashi Braga, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Satomi Fujihara, Hellen Thais Fuzii, Gilberto Toshimitsu Yoshikawa
Hypomyopathic dermatomyositis (HDM) is a rare form of dermatomyositis (DM). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with clinically amyopathic DM (CADM-ILD) or hypomyopathic DM (HDM-ILD) is a rare condition with a more unfavorable prognosis than ILD associated with classic DM (CDM-ILD). There is no effective treatment for HDM-ILD. A 62-year-old woman with a 6-month history of chronic polyarthritis and myalgia presented skin lesions characteristic of DM (erythematous lesion on extensor surface of elbows, Gottron's papules, V-neck sign) with no clinical muscle impairment (global muscle strength: grade 5)...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446003/effects-of-canine-and-murine-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-transplantation-on-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#3
Diego Noe Rodriguez Sanchez, Matheus Bertanha, Thiago Dias Fernandes, Luiz Antônio de Lima Resende, Elenice Deffune, Rogério Martins Amorim
Background and Objectives: Maintaining a permissive microenvironment is essential for adequate nerve regeneration. Cell-based therapy has the potential based cell replacement and promotion of axonal growth. The adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSC) attract interest because neuroregenerative and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of canine and murine Ad-MSC transplantation on the sciatic nerve regeneration. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were divided randomly into: control group - CG (n=8); denervated group - DG (n=8); decellularized vein group - VG (n=8); decellularized vein+canine MSC-cMSC (n=8); descellularized vein+murine MSC-mMSC (n=8)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418363/-correlation-of-the-intra-operative-neuromonitoring-data-and-emg-characteristics-of-post-operative-motor-deficit-in-patients-with-spinal-deformities
#4
А P Shein, М S Sayphutdinov, А А Skripnikov, G А Krivoruchko, S О Ryabykh
AIM: To correlate electroneuromyigraphic (ENMG) manifestations of post-operative motor deficit developed in patients after spinal deformity correction with qualitative evaluation of the severity of intra-operative pyramidal disorders according to protocol of intra-operative neuromonitoring (IONM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: ENMG data of 87 patients aged 6-43 years with spinal deformities of different etiology were analyzed before and after surgical correction and were correlated with intra-operative neuromonitoring course...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252600/-an-effect-of-ipidacrine-neuromidin-on-electroneuromyographic-parameters-in-the-conditions-of-artificial-decompression-a-clinical-instrumental-study
#5
E V Bahtereva, V A Shirokov, E L Leiderman, N L Terechov, A N Varaksin, V G Panov
AIM: To study an effect of neuromidin on the changes in electroneuromyographic (ENMG) parameters in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome in the conditions of artificial decompression of a forearm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four 64 patients, 46 women and 18 men, mean age 50,7±4,5years, matched for disease severity were studied. The patients were randomized into neuromidin group and control group. Neuromidin was introduced using subcutaneous local perineural injections...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210859/effectiveness-of-peloid-therapy-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#6
Burcu Metin Ökmen, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Aygül Güneş, Riza Eröksüz, Lale Altan
Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common neuromuscular cause of upper extremity disability. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of peloid therapy in patients with CTS. This randomized, controlled, single-blind study enrolled 70 patients between the ages of 30 to 65 who had a diagnosis of either mild, mild-to-moderate, or moderate CTS. The patients were randomized into two groups using random number table. In the first group, (Group 1)(n = 35), patients were given splint (every night for 6 weeks) + peloid treatment(five consecutive days a week for 2 weeks) and in the second group, (Group 2)(n = 28), patients received splint treatment(every night for 6 weeks) alone...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676738/the-winged-scapula-a-muscle-rupture-or-a-nerve-paralysis-a-case-series
#7
Sana Salah, Houda Migaou, Zied Belaaj, Soumaya Boudokhane, Anis Jellad, Abderrazak Abid, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: Winging of the scapula has a variety of causes and a variable prognosis. It contributes to a disruption of the scapulohumeral rhythm with a decreased flexion and abduction of the upper extremity and a source of a considerable pain. This condition can affect the ability to perform activities of daily living. The most common cause of scapula winging is serratus anterior paralysis resulting from a lesion of the long thoracic nerve. The rupture of the muscle itself remains uncommon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676737/sensory-nerve-action-potential-in-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injuries
#8
Sameh Ghroubi, Samar Alila, Atika Mallek, Wafa Elleuch, Khlil Nouri, Mohamed Habib Elleuch
OBJECTIVE: To show the contribution of the sensory nerve action potential in the topographic diagnosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries through an illustration of 7 clinical cases. OBSERVATIONS: We report 7 clinical cases of patients with unilateral traumatic brachial plexus injuries, following public highway accident. We realized an electroneuromyographic test (ENMG) for each patient in our service. A radiculopathy C5C6C7 were found in 3 subjects. Other patients had a radiculopathy C5 T1, a radiculopathy C7C8 T1, a lesion of the upper trunk or a lesion of the posterior cord...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638136/between-genetics-and-biology-is-enmg-useful-in-peripheral-neuropathy-diagnosis-and-management
#9
REVIEW
E Stålberg
Neurography and EMG are complementary techniques used in the diagnosis and monitoring of neuropathies. Both assess function of the peripheral nervous system and provide clinically useful information regarding the functional status of peripheral nerves. This information is not readily obtainable using biochemical, genetic or imaging techniques. I will discuss the role of these techniques in the diagnosis and management of neuropathies and some limitations of these techniques. These methods are routinely used in an EMG lab...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624119/high-incidence-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-after-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Marine Loizon, Chloé Laurencin, Christophe Vial, Teodor Danaila, Stéphane Thobois
We observed several cases of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) revealed after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). 115 consecutive PD patients who underwent STN-DBS between 2010 and 2014 at the Neurological Hospital in Lyon were retrospectively included. CTS was accepted as the diagnosis only if clinical examination and ENMG both confirmed it. Nine patients (7.8 %) developed CTS in the 2 years following surgery, which is far beyond the 2.7/1000 incidence in the general population...
December 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477989/bilateral-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-a-4-year-old-girl
#11
Ozge Gulsum Illeez, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Ozan Ozkaya, Ilknur Aktas, Korhan Ozkan
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most common entrapment neuropathy in adulthood, is rare in childhood. The symptoms may differ to those in adults, or may be misinterpreted owing to children's difficulties in expressing themselves. Cases of idiopathic, bilateral CTS under the age of 5 are rare. A 4-year-old girl presented with pain in both hands and difficulty opening them in the morning. Bilateral severe CTS was determined at electroneuromyography (ENMG). Bilateral wrist splints were advised for both hands...
February 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977628/-molecular-genetic-diagnosis-and-clinical-features-of-hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies-in-belarusian-patients
#12
T V Asadchuk, N V Rumiantseva, I V Naumchik, S A Likhachev, I V Pleshko, L V Shalkevich, I V Jevneronok, J P Kachan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the molecular defect, a phenotype of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP, OMIM 162500), in patients with PMP22 gene mutation caused by 1.5 Mb deletion at 17p11.2. and present the principles of diagnosis and genetic counselling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were selected on the basis of the results of the clinical/genealogical analysis, neurological examination and ENMG study. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810539/identifying-a-therapeutic-window-in-acute-and-subacute-inflammatory-sensory-neuronopathies
#13
Jean-Christophe Antoine, Florence Robert-Varvat, Thierry Maisonobe, Alain Créange, Jérôme Franques, Stéphane Mathis, Emilien Delmont, Thierry Kuntzer, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Jean Pouget, Karine Viala, Claude Desnuelle, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Francesco Rotolo, Jean-Philippe Camdessanché
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory sensory neuronopathy (SNN) may benefit from immunomodulatory or immunosuppressant treatments if administered timely. Knowing the temporal profile of neuronal loss in dorsal root ganglia will help to ascertain whether a final diagnosis may be reached before the occurrence of irreversible neuronal injuries. Thus, we addressed the evolution of neuronal loss in SNN by using sensory nerve action potentials (SNAPs) as a surrogate marker of neuron degeneration...
February 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26531403/statistical-processing-of-parkinson-and-other-movement-disorders-examination-using-multi-channel-enmg-system
#14
V R Raju, M Rukmini, R Borgohain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525809/-a-clinical-electroneuromyographic-study-of-the-efficacy-of-ipidacrine-in-patients-with-mononeuropathies
#15
G N Avakyan, G G Avakyan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of axamon (ipidacrine) therapy in patients with focal neuropathies--mononeuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 35 patients, aged 18 years and older, with focal neuropathies (tunnel syndromes, radiculopathies). In the main group (n=20) axamon (ipidacrine) was prescribed in addition to the basic (standard) therapy (group B vitamins, lipoic acid) during 6 week, in the control group (n=15) patients remained only on the basic (standard) treatment...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376569/-the-anterior-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
C Milants, F C Wang, L Gomulinski, F Ledon, D Petrover, R Bonnet, J M Crielaard, J F Kaux
The anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is a rare entrapment neuropathy of the deep peroneal nerve beneath the inferior extensor retinaculum of the ankle. It is frequently unrecognized and may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We report the case of a 77 year old patient complaining of symptoms of an anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome with neuropathic pain located at the dorsal part of the foot, without any sensorimotor loss. The ENMG was in favour of a motor impairment of the deep peroneal nerve. MRI exploration of the ankle showed a millimetric bony overgrowth of the upper pole of the navicular bone, irritative to the deep peroneal nerve...
July 2015: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356522/-parameters-of-electroneuromyography-of-lower-extremities-and-densitometry-in-osteochondrosis-of-lumbar-spine
#17
T K Verkhozina, E G Ippolitova, E S Tsislyak, V A Sorokovikov, Z V Koshkariova
AIM: To study the density of bone tissue and parameters of electroneuromyography (ENMG) in patients with osteochondrosis of lumbar spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors examined 67 patients, mean age 41 years, diagnosed with unilateral lumbar ischialgia syndrome. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The changes in the density of bone tissue (osteopenia and osteoporosis) and marked disturbances of neuromuscular apparatus function were found in 79% of the patients...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26309691/comparison-of-early-postoperative-period-electrophysiological-and-clinical-findings-following-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-is-emg-necessary
#18
Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili, Vedat Biçici, Çetin Işık, Hatice Aksekili, Mahmut Uğurlu, Adem Akkurt, Metin Doğan
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical findings and ENMG results of the patients who underwent surgery due to CTS, in the preoperative and early postoperative period. METHODS: 33 wrists of 29 patients who underwent open carpal tunnel surgery in our clinic due to CTS, between 2009 and 2011, were evaluated. Electrophysiological progress was evaluated with ENMG and clinical state with Boston scale. RESULTS: A significant decrease was observed in the postoperative BS symptomatic (SSS) and functional (FSS) scores of patients as compared to preoperative period (P=0...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26250881/-the-interest-of-electroneuromyography-in-peripheral-facial-palsy
#19
J L Benaim, O Amar, A Alliez, B Bertrand
In case of peripheral facial palsy, electroneuromyogram of the facial nerve provides an indication of the nature (myelinic and/or axonal) and severity of nerve damage, thereby facilitating establishment of a prognosis, which is favorable for myelin damage, and guarded for severe axonal damage. The initial examination must be carried out during the second week. In case of severe axonal damage, examination results can be monitored at the third, and more particularly the sixth and the twelfth months. Stable neurophysiological data between the sixth and the twelfth months signal damage stability and open the way to possible palliative surgery...
October 2015: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131237/comparison-of-early-postoperative-period-electrophysiological-and-clinical-findings-following-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-is-emg-necessary
#20
Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili, Vedat Biçici, Çetin Işık, Hatice Aksekili, Mahmut Uğurlu, Metin Doğan
UNLABELLED: In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical findings and ENMG results of the patients who underwent surgery due to CTS, in the preoperative and early postoperative period. METHODS: 33 wrists of 29 patients who underwent open carpal tunnel surgery in our clinic due to CTS, between 2009 and 2011, were evaluated. Electrophysiological progress was evaluated with ENMG and clinical state with Boston scale. RESULTS: A significant decrease was observed in the postoperative BS symptomatic (SSS) and functional (FSS) scores of patients as compared to preoperative period (P=0...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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