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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716017/impact-of-injury-related-mortality-on-life-expectancy-in-zhejiang-china-based-on-death-and-population-surveillance-data
#1
Fang-Rong Fei, Jie-Ming Zhong, Min Yu, Wei-Wei Gong, Meng Wang, Jin Pan, Hai-Bin Wu, Ru-Ying Hu
BACKGROUND: Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of injury-related mortality on life expectancy in Zhejiang Province. METHODS: Our study used standard life tables to calculate life expectancy and cause-removed life expectancy based on mortality data from the Zhejiang Chronic Disease Surveillance System. RESULTS: Life expectancy of residents in Zhejiang was 77...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#2
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623424/does-air-pollution-trigger-suicide-a-case-crossover-analysis-of-suicide-deaths-over-the-life-span
#3
Lidia Casas, Bianca Cox, Mariska Bauwelinck, Benoit Nemery, Patrick Deboosere, Tim Steve Nawrot
In addition to underlying health disorders and socio-economic or community factors, air pollution may trigger suicide mortality. This study evaluates the association between short-term variation in air pollution and 10 years of suicide mortality in Belgium. In a bidirectional time-stratified case-crossover design, 20,533 suicide deaths registered between January 1st 2002 and December 31st 2011 were matched by temperature with control days from the same month and year. We used municipality-level air pollution [particulate matter (PM10) and O3 concentrations] data and meteorology data...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575765/the-influence-of-levetiracetam-on-psychosocial-and-behavioral-functioning-in-children-a-case-control-and-follow-up-study
#4
Gonca Bektaş, Uğur Tekin, Melis Ulak Özkan, Edibe Pembegül Yıldız, Mine Çalışkan, Meral Özmen, Nur Aydınlı
BACKGROUND: Levetiracetam, a widely used antiepileptic drug in children, has been associated with psychosocial and behavioral problems, which are also influenced by epilepsy variables, including duration or seizure frequency. PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate the frequency and timing of treatment-emergent psychosocial and behavioral problems in children receiving levetiracetam, irrespective of seizure variables which are possible confounders...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557548/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-chewable-methylphenidate-extended-release-tablet-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Sharon B Wigal, Ann Childress, Sally A Berry, Heidi Belden, Faith Walters, Phillip Chappell, Nancy Sherman, John Orazem, Donna Palumbo
OBJECTIVE: This phase 3, laboratory classroom study assessed the efficacy and safety of methylphenidate hydrochloride extended-release chewable tablets (MPH ERCT) compared with placebo in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Following a 6-week, open-label, dose-optimization period, children 6-12 years of age (n = 90) with ADHD were randomly assigned to double-blind MPH ERCT at the final optimized dose (20-60 mg/day) or placebo...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488265/the-potential-role-of-attitudes-towards-suicide-between-mental-health-status-and-suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#6
L Tan, Q H Yang, J L Chen, H X Zou, T S Xia, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the contributions of mental health status and attitudes towards suicide on suicidal ideation in a sample of 6568 Chinese children and adolescents in China. Attitudes towards suicide were investigated as a possible moderator and mediator of the influence of mental health status on suicidal ideation. METHODS: Descriptive statistical analyses, Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses were adopted as methods of data analyses...
May 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261867/suicidal-ideation-depressive-symptomatology-and-self-concept-a-comparison-between-mexican-institutionalized-and-noninstitutionalized-children
#8
Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Fredi-Everardo Correa-Romero, Irma-Beatriz Acosta-Rojas, Karen-Viviana Cardoso-Espindola, Gustavo M Padilla-Gallegos, Isabel Valadez-Figueroa
Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self-concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim was to analyze associations between suicidal ideation, depression, and self-concept in two paired samples of Mexican children (83 institutionalized and 83 noninstitutionalized)...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#9
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165762/extended-release-guanfacine-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Jeffrey R Strawn, Scott N Compton, Brigitte Robertson, Anne Marie Albano, Mohamed Hamdani, Moira A Rynn
OBJECTIVE: This is a feasibility study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and potential anxiolytic efficacy of the α2 agonist guanfacine extended-release (GXR) in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), or social phobia/social anxiety disorder. METHODS: Youth aged 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of GAD, SAD, and/or social anxiety disorder were treated with flexibly dosed GXR (1-6 mg daily, n = 62) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044358/reactive-aggression-and-suicide-related-behaviors-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-and-preliminary-meta-analysis
#11
Chelsey M Hartley, Jeremy W Pettit, Daniel Castellanos
The empirical literature on the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors in children and adolescents was reviewed. A narrative review of seven studies that met inclusion/exclusion criteria is followed by a preliminary meta-analysis to provide insight into the strength of the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors. Each of the seven studies reported a statistically significant association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors, including suicide, nonfatal suicide attempt, and suicide ideation...
January 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969068/psychological-characteristics-of-self-harming-behavior-in-korean-adolescents
#12
Woo Kyeong Lee
Recently, self-injury is drawing the attention of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and psychological characteristics of adolescents who engage in self-harm and to examine the risk factors for engaging in this harmful behavior among Korean mid-adolescents. Participants were 784 adolescents aged 13-15 years. They completed self-report questionnaires that assessed (1) Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: the Self-Harm Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (2) depression: Children's Depression Inventory; (3) adolescent-parent relationship: Parental Bonding Instrument; (4) peer attachment: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and (5) academic stress...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956832/assessment-of-suicidality-in-children-and-adolescents-with-diagnosis-of-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-turkish-clinical-sample
#13
Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya, Mustafa Deniz Tutkunkardaş, Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes
OBJECTIVES: Considering that suicide is one of the most common reasons of adolescent death worldwide, there is a lack of clinical awareness on suicidal behaviors of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study aims to assess the rate of suicidality (suicidal ideation, behaviors and attempts) and associated risk factors for suicidality in high functioning ASD. METHODS: Medical records of 55 adolescents (six girls, 49 boys), aged between 7-20 years, with diagnosis of ASD were reviewed...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811835/quickstats-death-rates-for-motor-vehicle-traffic-injury-suicide-%C3%A2-and-homicide-%C3%A2-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-10-14-years-united-states-1999-2014
#14
(no author information available yet)
In 1999, the mortality rate for children and adolescents aged 10-14 years for deaths from motor vehicle traffic injury (4.5 per 100,000) was about four times higher than the rate for deaths for suicide and homicide (both at 1.2). From 1999 to 2014, the death rate for motor vehicle traffic injury declined 58%, to 1.9 in 2014 (384 deaths). From 1999 to 2007, the death rate for suicide fluctuated and then doubled from 2007 (0.9) to 2014 (2.1, 425 deaths). The death rate for homicide gradually declined to 0.8 in 2014...
November 4, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810613/use-of-atomoxetine-and-suicidal-ideation-in-children-and-adolescents-results-of-an-observational-cohort-study-within-general-practice-in-england
#15
M Davies, A Coughtrie, D Layton, S A S Shakir
AIM: To investigate the association between atomoxetine, a drug used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and suicidal ideation, within a cohort of 2-18-year-old patients in England. METHODS: The study was conducted using the observational cohort technique of Modified prescription event monitoring (M-PEM). Patients prescribed atomoxetine were identified from dispensed prescriptions issued by primary care physicians. A customised postal GP questionnaire was used to capture outcome data for suicidal ideation...
October 28, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800012/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-symptoms-among-school-going-adolescents-in-central-uganda
#16
Joyce Nalugya-Sserunjogi, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Emilio Ovuga, Steven M Kiwuwa, Seggane Musisi, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescents constitutes a global public health concern. However, data on its prevalence and associated factors are limited in low income countries like Uganda. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, 519 adolescent students in 4 secondary schools in Mukono district, Uganda, were randomly selected after meeting study criteria. The 4 school types were: boarding mixed (boys and girls) school; day mixed school; girls' only boarding school; and, boys' only boarding school...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774638/psychosocial-problems-of-children-whose-parents-visit-the-emergency-department-due-to-intimate-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#17
E M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, J H van der Lee, A H Teeuw, R Lindeboom, S N Brilleslijper-Kater, T Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, J B van Goudoever, R J L Lindauer
BACKGROUND: High levels of maltreatment are found in children who are identified because their parents visit the emergency department due to partner violence, substance abuse or suicide attempt. However, it is unknown if these children experience psychosocial problems. This study aims to assess their levels of post-traumatic stress, anxiety, depression, behavioural problems and health-related quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six hospitals...
October 23, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766374/trends-in-external-causes-of-child-and-adolescent-mortality-in-poland-1999-2012
#18
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
January 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743176/epidemiology-of-suicide-among-children-and-adolescents-in-austria-2001-2014
#19
Zrinka Laido, Martin Voracek, Benedikt Till, Jakob Pietschnig, Brigitte Eisenwort, Kanita Dervic, Gernot Sonneck, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiological analyses indicated a decreasing trend of suicide rates for 10-19-year-olds in Austria for the period 1970-2001. However, data from the new millennium are missing. This epidemiological update reports on youth suicide in Austria, covering the period 2001-2014 in order to inform suicide preventive interventions targeting adolescents. METHODS: The data on registered suicides among Austrian minors (10-19 years) and the population size were obtained from Statistics Austria...
February 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737671/association-between-energy-drink-intake-sleep-stress-and-suicidality-in-korean-adolescents-energy-drink-use-in-isolation-or-in-combination-with-junk-food-consumption
#20
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Junghyun H Lee
BACKGROUND: A considerable amount of research suggests that the frequent use of caffeinated energy drinks may be associated with undesirable effects, particularly so in children and adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the associations between energy drink intake and mental health problems, in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption, in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, collected from 68,043 adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15...
October 13, 2016: Nutrition Journal
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