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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756503/social-relationships-and-suicidal-ideation-among-the-elderly-who-live-alone-in-republic-of-korea-a-logistic-model
#1
Hyun-Jung Kwon, Ji-Ung Jeong, Mihyang Choi
With population aging and change in family structure, the number of the elderly who live alone is rapidly increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to explore the association between social relationships-especially newly formed formal social relationships (FSRs)-and suicidal ideation among Korean elderly who live alone. The elderly who live alone (N = 2509) from the 2014 Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Older Koreans were analyzed using logistic regression. This study found that informal social relationships (ISRs) (eg, children, friends and neighbors) of the elderly who live alone had statistically significant association with suicidal ideation, whereas FSRs (eg, formal helper and social participation) did not have significant association with suicidal ideation...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685126/delayed-age-at-transfer-of-adoptees-to-adoptive-parents-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-irrespective-of-social-class-of-the-adoptive-parents-a-cohort-study
#2
Liselotte Petersen, Per Kragh Andersen, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Adverse early life experience and development may have long-term health consequences, but later environmental conditions may perhaps protect against the effects of such early life adversities. The aim was to investigate whether cause-specific and overall mortality rates among adoptees are associated with the age at which they were transferred to the adoptive family and whether the social class of the adoptive family modifies this association. METHODS: A cohort of 10,592 non-familial adoptions (biologically unrelated adoptee and adoptive parents) of Danish-born children formally granted in 1924-47 and with follow-up of total and cause-specific mortality through ages up to 85 years...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604504/consequences-of-parental-burnout-its-specific-effect-on-child-neglect-and-violence
#3
Moïra Mikolajczak, Maria Elena Brianda, Hervé Avalosse, Isabelle Roskam
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of the consequences of parental burnout for the parents themselves, their spouses and their child(ren). In a sample of 1551 parents, we examined the relationship between parental burnout and seven possible consequences: escapism and suicidal thoughts, addictions, sleep disorders, marital conflicts, a partner estrangement mindset, and neglect and violence towards one's child(ren)...
March 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597289/the-epidemiology-of-unintentional-and-violence-related-injury-morbidity-and-mortality-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#4
Michael F Ballesteros, Dionne D Williams, Karin A Mack, Thomas R Simon, David A Sleet
Injuries and violence among young people have a substantial emotional, physical, and economic toll on society. Understanding the epidemiology of this public health problem can guide prevention efforts, help identify and reduce risk factors, and promote protective factors. We examined fatal and nonfatal unintentional injuries, injuries intentionally inflicted by other (i.e., assaults and homicides) among children ages 0-19, and intentionally self-inflicted injuries (i.e., self-harm and suicides) among children ages 10-19...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470532/psychosocial-health-and-suicidal-ideation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nanjing-china
#5
Wei Wang, Chenchang Xiao, Xing Yao, Yinmei Yang, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have higher rates of suicidal behavior than the general population. This study assessed the prevalence and verified the syndemic effect of psychosocial health conditions on suicidal ideation among PLWHA in China. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2016 in Nanjing, China, using a self-report questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#6
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356650/the-association-of-exposure-to-suicide-related-internet-content-and-emergency-department-visits-in-children-a-population-based-time-series-analysis
#7
Naveen Poonai, Shruti Mehrotra, Muhammad Mamdani, Anastasia Patmanidis, Michael Miller, Javeed Sukhera, Quynh Doan
OBJECTIVES: Suicide-related emergency department (ED) visits by children are increasing in tandem with suicide-related Internet content. Following the announcement of Amanda Todd's suicide, her YouTube video received widespread views, providing an opportunity to explore this association. METHODS: Our research question was: Among Ontario children age 11-17 years, was the release of Amanda Todd's YouTube video following her death announcement in October 2012 associated with an increase in average monthly ED visit rates for suicide-related diagnoses? We performed an interrupted time series analysis from April 2002 to December 2013, with the primary outcome as a composite of the average monthly rate of initial ED visits for suicidal ideation, intentional self-poisoning, and intentional self-harm...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241433/long-run-trends-in-antidepressant-use-among-youths-after-the-fda-black-box-warning
#8
Nilay Kafali, Ana Progovac, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Benjamin Lê Cook
OBJECTIVE: In October 2004, the Food and Drug Administration directed pharmaceutical companies to issue a black box warning about the potential link between the use of antidepressants and suicidal ideation among children. This study analyzed long-run trends in antidepressant use among children before and after the black box warning for those with and without severe psychological impairment. METHODS: The analysis used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for children ages five to 17, covering years 2000-2011 (N=75,819)...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230987/-comparison-of-criminal-characteristics-in-depression-patients-and-schizophrenics-with-homicide-behavior
#9
J Wang, P X Fu, Y L Gao, M X Zhu, T T Shi
OBJECTIVES: To explore the criminal characteristics of forensic psychiatry expertise in depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior. METHODS: A total of 40 depression (depressive episode) patients and 50 schizophrenics with homicide behavior were randomly assigned into the study group and control group, respectively. Data of demographic and criminal characteristic of the two groups were collected by a self-designed questionnaire, and then were compared...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#10
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216233/parental-absence-predicts-suicide-ideation-through-emotional-disorders
#11
Mingchen Fu, Yan Xue, Weihe Zhou, Ti-Fei Yuan
The objectives of the study were to investigate the association between the parental absence and suicide ideation and to examine the roles of emotional disorders in the aforementioned relationship. Four thousand five hundred and thirteen children from rural areas in Jiangsu Province, China, participated in the study. Among the participants, 2416 were non-left-behind children (children living with both parents) and 1997 were left-behind children (children living with the absence of at least one parent). All participants responded to the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and a question regarding respondents' suicide ideation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199945/evaluating-mental-health-service-use-during-and-after-emergency-department-visits-in-a-multisite-cohort-of-canadian-children-and-youth
#12
Mario Cappelli, Paula Cloutier, Amanda S Newton, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Samina Ali, Kathryn A Dong, Clare Gray, Allison Kennedy, John S Lyons, Christine Polihronis, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the mental health needs of children and youth who present to the emergency department (ED) for mental health care and to describe the type of, and satisfaction with, follow-up mental health services accessed. METHODS: A 6-month to 1.5-year prospective cohort study was conducted in three Canadian pediatric EDs and one general ED, with a 1-month follow-up post-ED discharge. Measures included 1) clinician rating of mental health needs, 2) patient and caregiver self-reports of follow-up services, and 3) interviews regarding follow-up satisfaction...
December 4, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195806/-evolution-of-suicide-attempts-in-a-tunisian-clinical-population-between-2005-and-2015-new-modalities-for-young-people-to-commit-suicide
#13
S Halayem, H Ounalli, M Boudali, M Hajri, Z Abbes, A Bouden
INTRODUCTION: Suicide and suicide attempts represent a worldwide health priority. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of young suicide attempters among a clinical population and to assess their potential evolution over a period of11 years. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study among a clinical population of suicide attempters referred to the child psychiatric department of the Razi hospital, the inpatient reference department in the north and center of Tunisia, between January 2005 and December 2015...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189044/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-a-fluoxetine-referenced-study-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Karen L Weihs, William Murphy, Richat Abbas, Deborah Chiles, Richard D England, Sara Ramaker, Dalia B Wajsbrot
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine (25-50 mg/d) compared with placebo in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8-week treatment with placebo, desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/d based on baseline weight), or fluoxetine (20 mg/d)...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185786/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Sarah Atkinson, Shannon Lubaczewski, Sara Ramaker, Richard D England, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Richat Abbas, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine versus placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with placebo, low exposure desvenlafaxine (20, 30, or 35 mg/day based on baseline weight), or higher exposure desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/day based on baseline weight)...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142569/prevalence-and-predictors-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Bushra Akram, Mehak Batool, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
Objectives: To find the prevalence as well as to identify the predictors as protective and risk factors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In this analytical cross sectional survey 83 children with ASD age range from 8 to 18 years were selected through convenient sampling technique from five special schools of Lahore city. The Urdu form of a standardized tool was used to assess NSSI. Results: Statistical analysis indicated overall point prevalence of NSSI was 33%...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102308/suicidal-ideation-in-a-community-derived-sample-of-spanish-adolescents
#17
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Félix Inchausti, Laura Pérez-Gutiérrez, Rebeca Aritio Solana, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, M ª Ángeles Sánchez-García, Beatriz Lucas-Molina, César Domínguez, David Foncea, Virginia Espinosa, Ana Gorría, Elena Urbiola-Merina, Marta Fernández, Carmen Merina Díaz, Carmen Gutiérrez, Marta Aures, María S Campos, Elena Domínguez-Garrido, Alicia Pérez de Albéniz Iturriaga
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a current public health problem and among the main causes of mortality in adolescents and young adults. The main goal of this study was to analyse suicidal ideation in a representative sample of Spanish adolescents. Specifically, the prevalence rates of suicide ideation, the psychometric properties of the Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS) scores, and the socio-emotional adjustment of adolescents at risk for suicide were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,664 participants (M=16...
October 26, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046278/incidence-clinical-management-and-mortality-risk-following-self-harm-among-children-and-adolescents-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#18
Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Jonathan Green, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M Ashcroft
Objectives  To examine temporal trends in sex and age specific incidence of self harm in children and adolescents, clinical management patterns, and risk of cause specific mortality following an index self harm episode at a young age. Design  Population based cohort study. Setting  UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink-electronic health records from 647 general practices, with practice level deprivation measured ecologically using the index of multiple deprivation. Patients from eligible English practices were linked to hospital episode statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859190/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Zhen Wang, Stephen P H Whiteside, Leslie Sim, Wigdan Farah, Allison S Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaffaa Tello, Noor Asi, Bradley Beuschel, Lubna Daraz, Jehad Almasri, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Oscar J Ponce, Annie LeBlanc, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Importance: Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use. Objectives: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and SciVerse Scopus from database inception through February 1, 2017...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814547/annual-summary-of-vital-statistics-2013-2014
#20
Sherry L Murphy, T J Mathews, Joyce A Martin, Cynthia S Minkovitz, Donna M Strobino
The number of births in the United States increased by 1% between 2013 and 2014, to a total of 3 988 076. The general fertility rate rose 1% to 62.9 births per 1000 women. The total fertility rate also rose 0.3% in 2014, to 1862.5 births per 1000 women. The teenage birth rate fell to another historic low in 2014, 24.2 births per 1000 women. The percentage of all births to unmarried women declined to 40.2% in 2014, from 40.6% in 2013. In 2014, the cesarean delivery rate declined to 32.2% from 32.7% in 2013...
June 2017: Pediatrics
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