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Children suicide statistics

Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Zrinka Laido, Martin Voracek, Benedikt Till, Jakob Pietschnig, Brigitte Eisenwort, Kanita Dervic, Gernot Sonneck, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiological analyses indicated a decreasing trend of suicide rates for 10-19-year-olds in Austria for the period 1970-2001. However, data from the new millennium are missing. This epidemiological update reports on youth suicide in Austria, covering the period 2001-2014 in order to inform suicide preventive interventions targeting adolescents. METHODS: The data on registered suicides among Austrian minors (10-19 years) and the population size were obtained from Statistics Austria...
October 14, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Junghyun H Lee
BACKGROUND: A considerable amount of research suggests that the frequent use of caffeinated energy drinks may be associated with undesirable effects, particularly so in children and adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the associations between energy drink intake and mental health problems, in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption, in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, collected from 68,043 adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15...
October 13, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Benedetto Vitiello, Anna E Ordóñez
Despite an increasing number of studies, there is debate whether antidepressants have a favorable benefit/risk balance in depressed youth. Areas covered: A systematic search identified 23 systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2010-2016. More than 30 controlled clinical trials were conducted in adolescents, but only a few in pre-pubertal patients. About one-third of the trials were severely statistically underpowered. Most studies failed to detect differences from placebo, but a few found fluoxetine effective...
October 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Tae Kyung Kim, S G Lee, K-T Han, Y Choi, S Y Lee, E-C Park
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect of unmet medical need on the mental health of Republic of Korea (ROK) Armed Forces personnel, as most of the service members work in remote areas and often experience such unmet needs. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2014 Military Health Survey (MHS), conducted by the ROK School of Military Medicine and designed to collect military health determinants. Descriptive statistics showed the general characteristics of the study populations by variable...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Lise Bergeron, Nicole Smolla, Claude Berthiaume, Johanne Renaud, Jean-Jacques Breton, Marie St-Georges, Pauline Morin, Elissa Zavaglia, Réal Labelle
OBJECTIVES: The Dominic Interactive for Adolescents-Revised (DIA-R) is a multimedia self-report screen for 9 mental disorders, borderline personality traits, and suicidality defined by the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed to examine the reliability and the validity of this instrument. METHODS: French- and English-speaking adolescents aged 12 to 15 years (N = 447) were recruited from schools and clinical settings in Montreal and were evaluated twice...
September 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Sarah E Hetrick, Georgina R Cox, Katrina G Witt, Julliet J Bir, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in young people. It has a marked negative impact and is associated with self-harm and suicide. Preventing its onset would be an important advance in public health. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was last updated in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether evidence-based psychological interventions (including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IPT) and third wave CBT)) are effective in preventing the onset of depressive disorder in children and adolescents...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Siddhi Sundar, Adil Qureshi, Panagis Galiatsatos
India has high rates of mental health issues among its youth and low-income communities experience a disproportionate amount of depression and suicide. Positive psychology, the act of promoting well-being, could be used as a tool to promote wellness and help improve the mental health of youth living in slum areas of India. A pilot positively psychology program, "The Hero Lab", was conducted in a migratory slum in Worli, Mumbai, with trained Hindu community leaders implementing the interventions toward at-risk Hindu youth...
December 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Victoria A Reed, Jan K Buitelaar, Ernie Anand, Kathleen Ann Day, Tamás Treuer, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, David R Coghill, Ludmila A Kryzhanovskaya, Nicola C Savill
Atomoxetine is a noradrenergic reuptake inhibitor prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that first gained approval in the USA in 2002 and has been authorized in 97 countries worldwide. The aim of this paper is to comprehensively review publications that addressed one or more of seven major safety topics relevant to atomoxetine treatment of children and adolescents (aged ≥6 years) diagnosed with ADHD. While the review focuses on children and adolescents, publications in which data from patients aged >18 years and from 6 to 18 years were analyzed in the same dataset were included...
July 2016: CNS Drugs
Y Xu, S J Bai, X H Lan, B Qin, T Huang, P Xie
New generation antidepressant therapies, including serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRIs), were introduced in the late 1980s; however, few comprehensive studies have compared the benefits and risks of various contemporary treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD) in young patients. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases was conducted from 1970 to January 2015. Only clinical trials that randomly assigned one SNRI or placebo to patients aged 7 to 18 years who met the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder were included...
May 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Cathryn Rodway, Su-Gwan Tham, Saied Ibrahim, Pauline Turnbull, Kirsten Windfuhr, Jenny Shaw, Nav Kapur, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: There is concern about the mental health of children and young people and a possible rise in suicidal behaviour in this group. We have done a comprehensive national multi-agency study of suicide in under 20s in England. We aimed to establish how frequently suicide is preceded by child-specific and young person-specific suicide risk factors, as well as all-age factors, and to identify contact with health-care and social-care services and justice agencies. METHODS: This study is a descriptive examination of suicide in a national consecutive sample of children and young people younger than 20 years who died by suicide in England between Jan 1, 2014, and April 30, 2015...
August 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
Jan Saarela, Agneta Cederström, Mikael Rostila
Previous research has documented an association between birth order and suicide, although no study has examined whether it depends on the cultural context. Our aim was to study the association between birth order and cause-specific mortality in Finland, and whether it varies by ethno-linguistic affiliation. We used data from the Finnish population register, representing a 5% random sample of all Finnish speakers and a 20% random sample of Swedish speakers, who lived in Finland in any year 1987-2011. For each person, there was a link to all children who were alive in 1987...
June 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Nina Cimino, Elena Di Pietro, Gabriella Pollutri, Vittoria Neviani, Paola Ferri
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric emergencies of children and adolescents have greatly increased during the last years, but this phenomenon has not been studied in detail. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between acute psychiatric hospitalizations of adolescents and selected variables to highlight risk factors for psychiatric emergencies. METHODS: This retrospective research was conducted in the acute psychiatric public ward, Service of Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment (SPDT), and in the residential facility for adolescents, "The Medlar", located in Modena...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
David C Sheridan, John Sheridan, Kyle P Johnson, Amber Laurie, Allyson Knapper, Rongwei Fu, Shannon Appy, Matthew L Hansen
BACKGROUND: Pediatric emergency department (PED) visits among children and adolescents with acute mental health needs have increased over the past decade with long wait times in the PED awaiting disposition. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new pediatric mental health liaison program with the hypothesis that this model reduces length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization rates among pediatric mental health patients. METHODS: This was a pre- and postintervention retrospective study of the year prior to (June 2012-June 2013) and the year after (October 2013-October 2014) implementation of a new PED psychiatric team...
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Catherine Winsper, Suzet Tanya Lereya, Steven Marwaha, Andrew Thompson, Julie Eyden, Swaran P Singh
Controversy surrounds the diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) in youth. This meta-analysis summarised evidence regarding the aetiological and psychopathological validity of youth BPD (the extent to which youth and adult BPD share common risk factors and psychopathology). We identified 61 studies satisfying predetermined inclusion criteria. Statistically significant pooled associations with youth (19 years of age and under) BPD were observed for sexual abuse (all youth: odds ratio=4.88; 95% confidence interval=3...
March 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
Jari Parkkari, Harri Sievänen, Seppo Niemi, Ville M Mattila, Pekka Kannus
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide, being the leading cause of death in children and adolescents in developed countries. However, knowledge on recent secular trends in injury deaths of adolescents is sparse. METHODS: Using Official Cause-of-Death Statistics of Finland, we examined the nationwide trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence rates of fatal injuries among 10-14-year-old and 15-19-year-old adolescents in Finland between 1971 and 2013...
August 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Astraea Augsberger, Albert Yeung, Meaghan Dougher, Hyeouk Chris Hahm
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantially high prevalence of depression, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among Asian American women who are children of immigrants, little is known about the prevalence of mental health utilization and the perceived barriers to accessing care. METHODS: The data were from the Asian American Women's Sexual Health Initiative Project (AWSHIP), a 5-year mixed methods study at Boston University. The quantitative analysis examined the differential proportion of mental health utilization among 701 survey participants based on their mental health risk profile determined by current moderate to severe depression symptoms and lifetime history of suicidality...
December 8, 2015: BMC Health Services Research
Carol Rivas, Jean Ramsay, Laura Sadowski, Leslie L Davidson, Danielle Dunne, Sandra Eldridge, Kelsey Hegarty, Angela Taft, Gene Feder
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner abuse is common worldwide, damaging the short- and long-term physical, mental, and emotional health of survivors and children. Advocacy may contribute to reducing abuse, empowering women to improve their situation by providing informal counselling and support for safety planning and increasing access to different services. Advocacy may be a stand-alone service, accepting referrals from healthcare providers, or part of a multi-component (and possibly multi-agency) intervention provided by service staff or others...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stephen R Zubrick, Jennifer Hafekost, Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Suzy Saw, Michael Sawyer, John Ainley, William J Buckingham
OBJECTIVE: To (1) estimate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of self-harm without suicide intent in young people aged 12-17 years, (2) describe the co-morbidity of these behaviours with mental illness and (3) describe their co-variation with key social and demographic variables. METHOD: A nationally representative random sample of households with children aged 4-17 years recruited in 2013-2014. The survey response rate was 55% with 6310 parents and carers of eligible households participating...
September 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jay A Salpekar, Paramjit T Joshi, David A Axelson, Shauna P Reinblatt, Gayane Yenokyan, Abanti Sanyal, John T Walkup, Benedetto Vitiello, Joan L Luby, Karen Dineen Wagner, Nasima Nusrat, Mark A Riddle
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of mood-stabilizing medications for depression and suicidality in pediatric bipolar disorder. METHOD: The Treatment of Early Age Mania (TEAM) study is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, masked comparison of divalproex sodium (VAL), lithium carbonate (LI), and risperidone (RISP) in an 8-week parallel clinical trial. A total of 279 children and adolescents with DSM-IV diagnoses of bipolar I disorder, mixed or manic, aged 6 to 15 years were enrolled...
December 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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