keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691790/operation-change-a-new-paradigm-addressing-behavior-change-and-musculoskeletal-health-disparities
#1
Lynne C Jones, Yashika Watkins, Duanny Alva
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the implementation and efficacy of Operation Change, a community-based, culturally sensitive program to stimulate behavioral changes in activity level and improve musculoskeletal health in African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (H/L) women with obesity and early-stage osteoarthritis. METHODS: Sixty-two women (32 AA and 30 H/L), 40-75 years old, with nontraumatic knee pain and body mass index values > 30, participated in a 12-week program of presentations, motivational interviewing, goal setting, and physical activities...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690823/the-need-for-a-patient-tailored-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-protocol-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#3
Tadeja Pintar, Niko Kaliterna, Tanja Carli
Objective High-quality data indicating the advantages of preoperative Helicobacter pylori screening and eradication as well the clinical outcomes of patients with and without H. pylori after bariatric surgery are lacking. Methods In total, 96 morbidly obese patients with H. pylori preparing for bariatric surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Results Of 96 biopsy specimens, 73 (76%) were positive for H. pylori on initial Giemsa staining. These patients were treated with the standard 7-day antibiotic treatment protocol corrected by the individual patient's creatinine clearance rate and body mass index and received a 30% higher dose because of their H...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689647/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-adult-tier-2-lifestyle-weight-management-service-provision-across-a-county-in-northern-england
#4
L Ells, P Watson, S Carlebach, C O'Malley, D Jones, T Machaira, V Whittaker, H Clements, P Walker, K Needham, C Summerbell, V Coulton, V Araujo-Soares
Adult obesity in the UK remains a public health priority. Current guidance recommends local areas provide multicomponent interventions to treat adults with overweight and obesity; however, there is currently a dearth of published evidence on the evaluation of these programmes. This study reports on a mixed method evaluation of seven tier 2 weight management programmes funded by a local authority in the North of England through their public health grant (a lifestyle multicomponent weight management programme for the treatment of adults with overweight and obesity, but not severe obesity, or obesity with severe co-morbidities)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689646/beyond-lifestyle-interventions-exploring-the-potential-of-anti-obesity-medications-in-the-uk
#5
REVIEW
J P H Wilding
In the UK, over one-quarter of the adult population have obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg m-2 ). This has major implications for patients' health and the National Health Service. Despite published studies showing that significant weight loss can be achieved and maintained in primary care, and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, weight management services are inconsistently implemented. This may be due primarily to workload and financial constraints. There is also a lack of belief that specialist weight management services and anti-obesity medications (AOMs) are a viable alternative to bariatric surgery for long-term maintenance of weight loss...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689374/body-mass-index-and-its-relation-to-neuropsychological-functioning-and-brain-volume-in-healthy-older-adults
#6
Marissa Ann Gogniat, Talia Loren Robinson, Catherine Mattocks Mewborn, Kharine Renee Jean, L Stephen Miller
Obesity is a growing concern worldwide because of its adverse health effects, including its negative impact on cognitive functioning. This concern is especially relevant for older adults, who are already likely to experience some cognitive decline and loss of brain volume due to aging [63,13]. However, there is some evidence that higher body mass index (BMI) may actually be protective in later life [8-11]. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to assess the relationship between BMI and neuropsychological functioning in older adults, and concurrently the relationship between BMI and brain volume...
April 21, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689264/disruption-of-epithelial-hdac3-in-intestine-prevents-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#7
Jordan Whitt, Vivienne Woo, Patrick Lee, Jessica Moncivaiz, Yael Haberman, Lee Denson, Patrick Tso, Theresa Alenghat
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal microbiota modulate metabolism and associate closely with epithelial cells in the intestine. In intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) integrates microbiota-derived signals to control intestinal homeostasis. We investigated whether HDAC3 in IECs regulates metabolism and the development of obesity in mice. METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 (control) mice and mice with constitutive or inducible IEC-specific disruption of Hdac3 (HDAC3ΔIEC mice) were placed on a standard chow or high-fat diet (HFD, 60% kcal from fat)...
April 21, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688621/an-epigenetic-signature-in-adipose-tissue-is-linked-to-nicotinamide-n-methyltransferase-gene-expression
#8
Ana B Crujeiras, Pavlos Pissios, Jose M Moreno-Navarrete, Angel Diaz-Lagares, Juan Sandoval, Antonio Gomez, Wilfredo Ricart, Manel Esteller, Felipe F Casanueva, Jose M Fernandez-Real
SCOPE: The enzyme nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) is a major methyltransferase in adipose tissue. We hypothesized an epigenetic signature in association with NNMT gene expression in adipose tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS: The global human methylome was analyzed in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from morbidly obese patients using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array (discovery cohort: n  =  11). The findings were confirmed in two additional independent cohorts (Cohort 1: n  =  60; BMI 20-60 kg/m2 and cohort 2: n  =  40; BMI >40 kg/m2 ) and validated after weight loss (using microarray data)...
April 24, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687650/effect-of-protein-supplementation-during-diet-induced-weight-loss-on-muscle-mass-and-strength-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Gordon I Smith, Paul K Commean, Dominic N Reeds, Samuel Klein, Bettina Mittendorfer
OBJECTIVE: High protein (particularly leucine-rich whey protein) intake is recommended to mitigate the adverse effect of weight loss on muscle mass. The effectiveness of this approach is unknown. METHODS: Seventy middle-aged (50-65 years old) postmenopausal women with obesity were randomized to (1) weight maintenance (WM), (2) weight loss and the recommended daily allowance for protein (0.8 g/kg/d) (WL group), or (3) weight loss plus whey protein supplementation (total protein: 1...
May 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687649/neural-food-reward-processing-in-successful-and-unsuccessful-weight-maintenance
#10
Joe J Simon, Alexandra Becker, Maria Hamze Sinno, Mandy Skunde, Martin Bendszus, Hubert Preissl, Paul Enck, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: Weight loss maintenance is one of the biggest challenges in behavioral weight loss programs. The present study aimed to examine metabolic influences on the mesolimbic reward system in people with successful and unsuccessful long-term weight loss maintenance. METHODS: Thirty-three women with obesity at least 6 months after the completion of a diet were recruited: seventeen women were able to maintain their weight loss, whereas sixteen showed weight regain...
May 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686892/a-conservative-weight-loss-intervention-relieves-bowel-symptoms-in-morbidly-obese-subjects-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Martin Aasbrenn, Stian Lydersen, Per G Farup
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common in subjects with morbid obesity; the effect of weight loss programs on bowel symptoms is largely unknown. Methods: This prospective cohort study explored bowel symptoms, health scores, and biomarkers in subjects with morbid obesity during a six-month-long conservative weight loss intervention. Bowel symptoms were assessed with IBS-severity scoring system (IBS-SSS) and Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale-IBS...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686879/medium-and-long-term-results-of-gastric-banding-outcomes-from-a-large-private-clinic-in-uk
#12
Leeying Giet, Julia Baker, Franco Favretti, Gianni Segato, Paul Super, Rishi Singhal, David Ashton
Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) has been an established bariatric procedure for the last three decades and was, for many years, the first-choice procedure for the treatment of chronic obesity. However, more recently, the popularity of the LAGB has been in sharp decline and has been replaced by other procedures such as the Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. A key driver in this decline has been the high revision and early explanation rates reported in some studies...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686382/habit-based-interventions-for-weight-loss-maintenance-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Gina Cleo, Paul Glasziou, Elaine Beller, Elisabeth Isenring, Rae Thomas
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether habit-based interventions are clinically beneficial in achieving long-term (12-month) weight loss maintenance and explore whether making new habits or breaking old habits is more effective. METHODS: Volunteer community members aged 18-75 years who had overweight or obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) were randomized in a single-blind, three-arm, randomized controlled trial. Ten Top Tips (TTT), Do Something Different (DSD), and the attention-only waitlist (WL) control groups were conducted for 12 weeks from July to October 2015...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685506/three-trocar-laparoscopic-duodenal-switch-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#14
Giovanni Dapri, Jacques Himpens, Laurent Biertho, Michel Gagner
Laparoscopic duodenal switch is a recognized bariatric procedure, which can be performed in one step or as a second step after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Mainly, indications as primary surgery are super-obese or super super-obese patients, and after LSG indications are the presence of insufficient weight loss or weight regain, associated with morbid obesity co-morbidities, without gastroesophageal reflux. In this video, the authors report the technique of reduced port laparoscopic duodenal switch after LSG...
March 10, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684298/the-efficacy-of-selected-bariatric-surgery-methods-on-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-a-retrospective-12-month-study
#15
Marek Bužga, Petra Marešová, Karin Petřeková, Pavol Holéczy, Kamil Kuča
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 25% of the Czech population is currently obese. Obesity rates are expected to increase in the future. Obesity not only raises the risk of health complications for individuals, but increasing rates also represent a significant and steadily growing economic burden for healthcare systems and society as a whole. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of three methods of bariatric surgery: laparoscopic greater curve plication (LGCP), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYBG) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683919/hiit-in-the-real-world-outcomes-from-a-12-month-intervention-in-overweight-adults
#16
Melyssa Roy, Sheila M Williams, Rachel C Brown, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Hamish Osborne, Michelle Jospe, Rachael W Taylor
PURPOSE: Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise have comparable health outcomes in the laboratory setting, effectiveness studies in real-world environments are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an unsupervised HIIT programme in overweight/obese adults over 12 months. METHODS: 250 overweight/obese adults could choose HIIT or current exercise guidelines of 30 minutes/day moderate-intensity exercise...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683555/clinical-obesity-services-in-public-hospitals-in-australia-a-position-statement-based-on-expert-consensus
#17
E Atlantis, N Kormas, K Samaras, P Fahey, P Sumithran, S Glastras, G Wittert, K Fusco, R Bishay, T Markovic, L Ding, K Williams, I Caterson, V Chikani, P Dugdale, J Dixon
We aimed to describe the current state of specialist obesity services for adults with clinically severe obesity in public hospitals in Australia, and to analyse the gap in resources based on expert consensus. We conducted two surveys to collect information about current and required specialist obesity services and resources using open-ended questionnaires. Organizational level data were sought from clinician expert representatives of specialist obesity services across Australia in 2017. Fifteen of 16 representatives of current services in New South Wales (n = 8), Queensland (n = 1), Victoria (n = 2), South Australia (n = 3), and the Australian Capital Territory (n = 1) provided data...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683196/hypogonadism-and-male-obesity-focus-on-unresolved-questions
#18
Mathis Grossmann
Obesity, increasing in prevalence globally, is the clinical condition most strongly associated with lowered testosterone concentrations in men, and presents as one of the strongest predictors of receiving testosterone treatment. While low circulating total testosterone concentrations in modest obesity primarily reflect reduced concentrations of sex hormone binding globulin, more marked obesity can lead to genuine hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis (HPT) suppression. HPT axis suppression is likely mediated via pro-inflammatory cytokine and dysregulated leptin signalling and aggravated by associated comorbidities...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683141/development-of-subject-specific-proximal-femur-finite-element-models-of-older-adults-with-obesity-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-weight-loss-on-bone-strength
#19
S L Schoell, A A Weaver, D P Beavers, Leon Lenchik, A P Marsh, W J Rejeski, J D Stitzel, K M Beavers
Study background: Recommendation of intentional weight loss in older adults remains controversial, due in part to the loss of bone mineral density (BMD) known to accompany weight loss. While finite element (FE) models have been used to assess bone strength, these methods have not been used to study the effects of weight loss. The purpose of this study is to develop subject-specific FE models of the proximal femur and study the effect of intentional weight loss on bone strength. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans of the proximal femur of 25 overweight and obese (mean BMI=29...
2018: Journal of osteoporosis and physical activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681862/increased-o-glcnacylation-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-compromises-the-anti-contractile-properties-of-perivascular-adipose-tissue-in-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Rafael M da Costa, Josiane F da Silva, Juliano V Alves, Thiago B Dias, Diane M Rassi, Luis V Garcia, Núbia de Souza Lobato, Rita C Tostes
Under physiological conditions, the perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) negatively modulates vascular contractility. This property is lost in experimental and human obesity and in the metabolic syndrome, indicating that changes in PVAT function may contribute to vascular dysfunction associated with increased body weight and hyperglycemia. The O -linked β-N-acetylglucosamine ( O -GlcNAc) modification of proteins ( O -GlcNAcylation) is a unique posttranslational process that integrates glucose metabolism with intracellular protein activity...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
54197
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"