keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913019/association-of-obesity-or-weight-change-with-coronary-heart-disease-among-young-adults-in-south-korea
#1
Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Gyeongsil Lee, Su-Min Jeong, Seong Yong Park, Yeon-Yong Kim, Joung Sik Son, Jae-Moon Yun, Sang Min Park
Importance: Previous studies have shown a U- or J-shaped association of body mass index (BMI) or change in BMI with coronary heart disease (CHD) among middle-aged and elderly adults. However, whether a similar association exists among young adults is unclear. Objective: To determine whether an association exists between BMI or BMI change with CHD among young adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based longitudinal study used data obtained by the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2002 to 2015...
June 18, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912366/prevention-and-regressive-effect-of-weight-loss-and-risk-factor-modification-on-atrial-fibrillation-the-reverse-af-study
#2
Melissa E Middeldorp, Rajeev K Pathak, Megan Meredith, Abhinav B Mehta, Adrian D Elliott, Rajiv Mahajan, Darragh Twomey, Celine Gallagher, Jeroen M L Hendriks, Dominik Linz, R Doug McEvoy, Walter P Abhayaratna, Jonathan M Kalman, Dennis H Lau, Prashanthan Sanders
Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a progressive disease. Obesity is associated with progression of AF. This study evaluates the impact of weight and risk factor management (RFM) on progression of the AF. Methods and results: As described in the Long-Term Effect of Goal-Directed Weight Management in an Atrial Fibrillation Cohort: A Long-Term Follow-Up (LEGACY) Study, of 1415 consecutive AF patients, 825 had body mass index ≥ 27 kg/m2 and were offered weight and RFM...
June 14, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911741/intentional-weight-loss-for-overweight-and-obese-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-is-more-better
#3
Stephen P Messier, Allison E Resnik, Daniel P Beavers, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Barbara J Nicklas, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Felix Eckstein, Ali Guermazi, Richard F Loeser
OBJECTIVE: To determine the dose response to weight loss on clinical and mechanistic outcomes in overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the diet-only (D) and diet plus exercise (D+E) groups in the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) randomized controlled clinical trial. Participants were 240 overweight and obese older community-dwelling adults with pain and radiographic knee OA. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to weight loss achieved over an 18-month period; less than 5% (<5% group), between 5 and 10% (≥5% group), between 10 and 20% (≥ 10% group), and greater than 20% (≥20% group)...
June 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911733/is-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-asian-super-obese-a-safe-and-effective-procedure
#4
Hannah Jh Ng, Guowei Kim, Claire Alexandra Z Chew, Moe Thu San, Jimmy By So, Asim Shabbir
INTRODUCTION: Outcomes of bariatric surgery for super obese Asians are not well reported. We aimed to compare short-term outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in Asian patients with body mass index (BMI) <47.5 kg/m2 to those with BMI •••••• ≥47.5 kg/m2 . MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 272 patients from Singapore university hospital who underwent LSG from 2008 to 2015 with a follow-up of at least 6 months were included in the study. Primary endpoint was weight loss at 1-year and 3-years...
May 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911273/change-in-children-s-self-concept-body-esteem-and-eating-attitudes-before-and-4-years-after-maternal-rygb
#5
Fanny Sellberg, Ata Ghaderi, Mikaela Willmer, Per Tynelius, Daniel Berglind
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to look at longitudinal changes in children's self-concept, body-esteem, and eating attitudes before and 4 years after maternal RYGB surgery. METHODS: Sixty-nine women and 81 appurtenant children were recruited from RYGB waiting lists at 5 hospitals in Sweden. Families were visited at home pre-surgery, 9 months, and 4 years post-maternal RYGB to measure BMI. Furthermore, all participating family members completed questionnaires...
June 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909512/the-effectiveness-of-endoscopic-gastroplasty-for-obesity-treatment-according-to-fda-thresholds-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Antonio Coutinho Madruga-Neto, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Vitor Ottoboni Brunaldi, Rafael Krieger Martins, Iatagan Rocha Josino, Eduardo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Thiago Ferreira de Souza, Marco Aurélio Santo, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
Endoscopic bariatric therapies (EBTs) are promising alternatives to conventional surgery for obesity. The aim of this study is to compare efficacy and safety through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the endoscopic gastroplasty techniques versus conservative treatment. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, Lilacs/Bireme. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) enrolling obese patients comparing endoscopic gastroplasty to sham or diet/exercise were considered eligible. Among 6014 records, three RCTs were selected for meta-analysis...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909510/impact-on-dyslipidemia-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#7
Agustina Vigilante, Franco Signorini, Marcos Marani, Virginia Paganini, Germán Viscido, Luciano Navarro, Lucio Obeide, Federico Moser
BACKGROUND: Improvement of dyslipidemia is an important benefit of bariatric surgery. The benefits of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) among dyslipidemia are still a matter of debate. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study between 2010 and 2013. Obese patients undergoing LSG, with recorded dyslipidemia at admission and a follow-up for at least 1 year, were included for analysis. Demographic characteristics, medication in use, and a complete lipid profile were collected before surgery...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908859/frailty-and-pre-frailty-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-and-its-association-with-multimorbidity-and-mortality-a-prospective-analysis-of-493-737-uk-biobank-participants
#8
Peter Hanlon, Barbara I Nicholl, Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Duncan Lee, Ross McQueenie, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Frailty is associated with older age and multimorbidity (two or more long-term conditions); however, little is known about its prevalence or effects on mortality in younger populations. This paper aims to examine the association between frailty, multimorbidity, specific long-term conditions, and mortality in a middle-aged and older aged population. METHODS: Data were sourced from the UK Biobank. Frailty phenotype was based on five criteria (weight loss, exhaustion, grip strength, low physical activity, slow walking pace)...
June 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908771/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Laura G Cooney, Lauren W Milman, Liisa Hantsoo, Sara Kornfield, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, C Neill Epperson, Anuja Dokras
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and lifestyle modification (LS) versus LS alone on weight, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and stress response in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), overweight/obesity, and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: A 16-week pilot randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care PCOS center. PATIENT(S): Overweight/obese women with PCOS and depressive symptoms...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908684/accuracy-of-total-energy-expenditure-predictive-equations-after-a-massive-weight-loss-induced-by-bariatric-surgery
#10
Michele Novaes Ravelli, Dale A Schoeller, Alex Harley Crisp, Natalie M Racine, Karina Pfrimer, Irineu Rasera Junior, Maria Rita Marques de Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Predictive equations remain the clinical tool of choice to estimate the energy expenditure, however, poor accuracy has been found when applied in patients with severe obesity. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of the total energy expenditure (TEE) those obtained by predictive equations of resting energy expenditure (REE) times individual estimates of metabolic equivalents (MET), taking as reference the TEE measured by doubly labeled water (DLW), before, six and twelve months after bariatric surgery...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908054/a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-in-behavioral-weight-management-for-underserved-postpartum-african-american-women-the-renew-study
#11
Priya P Joshi, Lisa M Quintiliani, Ashley C McCarthy, Ashley Gilmore, Mufaddal Mahesri, Lisa M Sullivan, Caroline M Apovian
We aimed to test the feasibility of an in-person behavioral weight-loss intervention for underserved postpartum African American women with overweight or obesity in an urban hospital setting. Participants were randomized to an intervention of a culturally tailored adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program or usual care. The primary outcome was program satisfaction. Women who completed the intervention reported higher levels of satisfaction with the program, despite low attendance rates at group meetings...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907854/improved-cognitive-functioning-in-obese-adolescents-after-a-30-week-inpatient-weight-loss-program
#12
Stijn Vantieghem, Ivan Bautmans, Ann De Guchtenaere, Ann Tanghe, Steven Provyn
INTRODUCTION: Studies linked obesity with a large number of medical conditions including decreased cognitive functioning. The relation between BMI and cognition was proven in adults, but in adolescents the results are conflicting. Further, limited data are available on the impact of weight loss on cognition. This study analyzed the impact of a 30-week lasting weight loss program on cognition and determined the impact of changes in body composition and self-perceived fatigue on changes in cognition...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907844/insulin-suppression-of-fatty-acid-skeletal-muscle-enzyme-activity-in-postmenopausal-women-and-improvements-in-metabolic-flexibility-and-lipoprotein-lipase-with-aerobic-exercise-and-weight-loss
#13
Alice S Ryan, Heidi K Ortmeyer
BACKGROUND: Obesity and insulin resistance are characterized by metabolic inflexibility, a condition described as an inability to switch from fat oxidation during fasting to carbohydrate oxidation during hyperinsulinemia. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of metabolic flexibility in 103 obese (37-59% fat), sedentary (VO2 max: 19.4 ± 0.5 ml/kg/min), postmenopausal (45-76 years) women, and changes in metabolic flexibility with exercise and weight loss interventions...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907627/the-relationship-between-human-adenovirus-36-and-obesity-in-chinese-han-population
#14
Yan Zhou, Qi Pan, Xiaoxia Wang, Lina Zhang, Fei Xiao, Lixin Guo
The study aimed to explore the prevalence of human adenovirus-36 (HAdV-36) infection and the association of HAdV-36 with obesity in Chinese Han population. A qualitative determination using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to determine by duplication the antibodies to HAdV-36 in the serum samples. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between HAdV-36 seropositivity and obesity. The overall HAdV-36 seroprevalence was 49.8% among 824 participants. The prevalence of HAdV-36 seropositive was 42...
June 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907153/comparison-of-two-low-fat-diets-differing-in-protein-and-carbohydrate-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Although higher-protein diets (HP) can assist with weight loss and glycemic control, their effect on psychological wellbeing has not been established. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a HP and a higher-carbohydrate diet (HC), combined with regular exercise, on psychological wellbeing both during weight loss (WL) and weight maintenance phases (WM). METHODS: In a parallel RCT, 61 adults with T2D (mean ± SD: BMI 34.3 ± 5...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906810/endoscopic-gastric-reduction-with-an-endoluminal-suturing-device-a-multicenter-prospective-trial-with-1-year-follow-up
#16
Vincent Huberty, Evzen Machytka, Ivo Boškoski, Marie Barea, Guido Costamagna, Jacques Deviere
BACKGROUND:  Obesity is the pandemic disease of this century. Surgery is the only effective treatment but cannot be offered to every patient. Endoscopic sutured gastroplasty is a minimally invasive technique that may potentially fill the gap between surgery and behavioral therapy. In this study, we prospectively investigated the efficacy and safety of a novel suturing device. METHODS:  After a pre-bariatric multidisciplinary work-up, class 1 and 2 obese patients were included...
June 15, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904608/pattern-of-changes-in-quality-of-life-of-obese-patients-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-sulaimani-provence-kurdistan-iraq-based-on-4-years-experience-in-two-bariatric-centers
#17
Hiwa Omer Ahmed
Background: Obesity influences all aspects of the life of obese patients physically, psychologically, socially and monetarily, it is not only a disease but rather a beginning point of a group of ailments and inabilities, which gradually impacts and changes all aspects of their life. Objectives: The changes in the Quality of life in respect to the amount of access weight lost after sleeve gastrectomy. Patients materials and methods: A prospective longitudinal study evaluating 40 female patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy within 4 years, starting from July 4th, 2012 up to July 5th, 2016...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904577/surgical-treatment-of-obesity
#18
REVIEW
Vance L Albaugh, Naji N Abumrad
Obesity prevalence continues to increase worldwide, as do the numerous chronic diseases associated with obesity, including diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The prevalence of bariatric surgery also continues to increase and remains the most effective and sustainable treatment for obesity. Over the last several years, numerous prospective and longitudinal studies have demonstrated the benefits of bariatric surgery on weight loss, mortality, and other chronic diseases...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904126/effect-of-testosterone-treatment-on-bone-remodelling-markers-and-mineral-density-in-obese-dieting-men-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Mark Ng Tang Fui, Rudolf Hoermann, Brendan Nolan, Michelle Clarke, Jeffrey D Zajac, Mathis Grossmann
To assess the effect of testosterone treatment on bone remodelling and density in dieting obese men, 100 obese men aged 53 years (interquartile range 47-60) with a total testosterone level <12 nmol/L receiving 10 weeks of a very low energy diet (VLED) followed by 46 weeks of weight maintenance were randomly assigned at baseline to 56 weeks of intramuscular testosterone undecanoate (n = 49, cases) or matching placebo (n = 51, controls). Pre-specified outcomes were between-group differences (mean adjusted difference, MAD) in serum c-telopeptide (CTx), N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#20
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
54197
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"