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Tongue cancer

Nir Hirshoren, Olivia Ruskin, Tsien Fua, Stephen Kleid, Matthew Magarey, Benjamin Dixon
BACKGROUND: Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is now a well-validated technique for resection of head and neck cancers. Benefits include reduced patient morbidity, swallowing preservation and rationalization of adjuvant therapies. METHODS: This was a single-centre, retrospective review of 35 patients who underwent TORS of oro-, retro- and parapharyngeal tumours between March 2014 and August 2015. Outcome measures included resection margins, swallowing function and impact on post-operative radiotherapy...
October 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Q L Gong, C Bian, H Liu
Objective: To investigate the number and level of occult neck lymphatic metastasis for squamous cell carcinoma of tongue in clinical stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ, and the relationship between cell differentiation and occult neck lymphatic metastasis. Methods: A total of 101 cases diagnosed preoperatively as having squamous cell carcinoma of tongue in clinical stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ (cT1/T2N0M0) between January 2005 and April 2015 were analysed retrospectively. Whether presence of occult neck lymphatic metastasis in these cases was studied...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Jutta Ernst, Kristian Ikenberg, Barbara Apel, Desiree M Schumann, Gerhard Huber, Gabriela Studer, Tamara Rordorf, Oliver Riesterer, Matthias Rössle, Dimitri Korol, Marius G Bredell
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prognostic role of CK19 expression in squamous cell carcinomas within a well-defined cohort of oral tongue cancer patients. METHODS: In our retrospective study, we investigated 129 patients with tongue cancer that had suitable material for inclusion in a tissue microarray (TMA). Where possible, samples were taken from central and peripheral regions of the tumor to generate a representative sample of the tumor. The expression level of CK19 was assessed by immunohistochemical staining...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Saede Atarbashi Moghadam, Fazele Atarbashi Moghadam, Zahra Bastani
BACKGROUND: The incidence of oral cancers varies from one country to another, which can be clarified by the difference in the distribution of the risk factors and the possible etiologies. Tongue is a main segment of oral cavity and malignant lesions of this region accounts for nearly 30% of all oral cancers. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we evaluated the pattern of tongue cancer in Iranian population and compared these findings with those previously reported in the other countries...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Benedicta E Beck-Broichsitter, Jörn Huck, Thomas Küchler, Daniela Hauke, Jürgen Hedderich, Jörg Wiltfang, Stephan T Becker
PURPOSE: The extent of functional impairment after ablative surgery in the orofacial region may be directly reflected in a reduction in Quality of Life. This study intended to compare the patients' perception with an objective functional evaluation of the orofacial system in order to bilaterally distinguish direct influence factors. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were included in this study and were asked to complete the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-30) and the Head and Neck 35 Module (H&N 35)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Yuki Sakamoto, Shuichi Fujita, Masaki Adachi, Hiroshi Sakamoto, Tomofumi Naruse, Souichi Yanamoto, Toru Ikeda, Masahiro Umeda
Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CEPA) is a carcinoma that shows histologic evidence of arising in or from a benign pleomorphic adenoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma often occurs in parotid glands, but is extremely rarely in the tongue. A 53-year-old Japanese woman was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nagasaki University Hospital, because of tumor of the right dorsum tongue. She had a history of surgery of breast cancer (invasive ductal carcinoma) and it was disseminated to the lung and bone...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva, Aman Sharma, Surjit Singh, Subhash Varma
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: There is scarcity of data on the frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals from India. The objective of this study was to determine the type and frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals attending a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: The study design included retrospective analysis of data of all HIV infected individuals registered in the Immunodeficiency clinic from December 2009 to December 2011 and a prospective analysis of HIV infected individuals registered from January 2012 to April 2013...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
David Hamilton, Vinidh Paleri
Morbidity and mortality associated with increasingly radical doses of chemoradiotherapy have led many to question the current standard of care in head and neck cancer. Recently, surgeons have developed minimally invasive, transoral techniques which have demonstrated excellent survival and favourable functional outcomes. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is the most recent, cutting edge in the evolution of transoral techniques; TORS allows surgeons unprecedented access to and visualisation of the upper aerodigestive tract...
October 11, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Peng Zhang, Li Zhang, Hui Liu, Lei Zhao, Yong Li, Jing-Xian Shen, Qing Liu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Mian Xi
Purpose: Previous studies reported an association between an increased risk of tongue cancer and radiation treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study compared the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) in patients with and without a history of radiotherapy for NPC. Materials and Methods: From 1965 to 2009, a total of 73 patients were diagnosed with TSCC with a history of radiotherapy for NPC. The patients were matched in a 1:3 ratio with patients with sporadic TSCC according to age, sex, and year of the TSCC diagnosis...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Lei Xiong, Yi Tang, Zhaoyang Liu, Jing Dai, Xiaozhou Wang
PURPOSE: To understand the role of Bcl-2 overexpression in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) patients and investigate the efficacy of targeting Bcl-2 in OTSCC. METHODS: The expression level of Bcl-2 on normal tongue cells and OTSCC cells were measured by real-time PCR and western blotting. The functional roles of Bcl-2 were examined by MTS, flow cytometry and xenograft cancer mouse model. Mechanism studies were performed by analyzing mitochondrial functions in a panel of OTSCC cell lines...
2016: SpringerPlus
Maria K Peltola, Joel S Lehikoinen, Lauri T Sippola, Kauko Saarilahti, Antti A Mäkitie
INTRODUCTION: The patient's role in toxicity reporting is increasingly acknowledged. There is also a need for developing modern communication methods between the patient and the medical personnel. Furthermore, the increasing number of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients is reflected in the volume of treatment follow-up visits, which remains a challenge for the health care. Electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) measures may provide a cost-efficient way to organize follow-up for cancer patients...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Sunil Pazhayanur Venkateswaran, Leviana Ercylina Nathan, Vimi Sunil Mutalik, Noor Hasni Shamsuddin
CONTEXT: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) consists of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) arising in the upper aerodigestive tract and accounts for 5% of cancers worldwide. In Malaysia, cancers of the nasopharynx, larynx, tongue and oral cavity are among the top twenty most common cancers in men. Argyrophilic nuclear organizer regions (AgNORs) are increased from normal mucosa to premalignant lesions to malignant lesions and have been associated with tumor grade and prognosis of patients...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Xi Yang, Kailiu Wu, Siyi Li, Longwei Hu, Jing Han, Dongwang Zhu, Xuerui Tian, Wei Liu, Zhen Tian, Laiping Zhong, Ming Yan, Chenping Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhang
The purpose of this study is to identify candidate genes that could predict prognosis of early-stage tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and its occult cervical lymphatic metastasis by large-scale gene expression profiling. Tumor tissue and matched normal mucosa samples were collected from patients with TSCC and analyzed with Affymetrix HTA2.0 high-density oligonucleotide array. Differentially expressed genes in TSCC with cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) were further analyzed with Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes for their functions and related pathways...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Jian Jin, Liya Zhao, Zubing Li
Several E3 ubiquitin ligases have been confirmed that they are related to the tumorigenesis. This study aims to find the tongue cancer-related E3 ubiquitin ligase. The E3 ubiquitin ligase library was screened. The effect of candidate molecule on tongue cancer was validated through cell viability, cell proliferation, colony formation, invasive assay in vitro, and the xenograft model in vivo. The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF135 significantly promoted the expression of PTEN and TP53 in SCC25 cells. The overexpression of RNF135 inhibited the viability, proliferation, and invasion of SCC25 cells...
October 5, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Wojciech Golusinski
Anatomically, the oropharynx can be divided into four subsites: the soft palate, pharyngeal wall, base of tongue, and the tonsillar complex. Surgical access to these tumours is often challenging due to the anatomic localization. For this reason, such tumours were traditionally managed with open surgical techniques, usually involving a mandibulotomy, to provide better visualization and access to the oropharynx, followed by free-flap reconstruction of the oropharyngeal defect. However, the invasiveness of this approach could lead to significant morbidity, including speech, swallowing, and airway dysfunction, in addition to poor cosmetic outcomes...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Stina Syrjänen, Jaana Rautava, Kari Syrjänen
The interesting history of papillomavirus (PV) research has been reviewed before. The history of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck region starts in 1901 when the contagious transmission of warty lesions into the mouth via oral sex was described, although the confirmation of their viral etiology had to wait until 1907. Ullman was the first to associate the human wart virus with laryngeal warts. Parsons and Kidd described the natural history of oral PV infections in rabbits already in 1942, but these findings were corroborated in humans only recently...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Deming Ou, Ying Wu, Jun Liu, Xiaomei Lao, Sien Zhang, Guiqing Liao
The aim of the present study was to characterize the roles of two microRNAs (miRs) that have been reported to be differentially expressed in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC), miR-335 and miR-182. In total, 20 tumor tissue samples and 20 corresponding adjacent non-cancerous samples were collected from patients with TSCC to measure the expression of miR-335 and miR-182 and the potential shared target of these miRs, survivin, using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Jia Hui Ng, N Gopalakrishna Iyer, Min-Han Tan, Gustaf Edgren
BACKGROUND: There are reports about the changing epidemiology of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), with recent reports indicating an increasing incidence in young women. METHODS: Data on incident cases of tongue SCC were collected from cancer registries worldwide. RESULTS: Data from a total of 22 cancer registries and 89,212 incident cases of tongue SCC worldwide were included. Most areas experienced an incidence increase ranging from 0...
October 3, 2016: Head & Neck
Y Li, P Zhang, R Li, Y Liu, Q Kan
This study investigated the quality of life of Chinese patients with tongue cancer who had undergone immediate flap reconstruction surgery. In addition, we compared 2 groups of patients: those who had received radial forearm free flap (RFFF) surgery and others who had received pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) surgery._Material and Methods: Patients who received RFFF or PMMF reconstruction after primary tongue cancer treated with total and subtotal tongue resection were eligible for the current study...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A García-Kass, A Herrero-Sánchez, G Esparza-Gómez
The cancer which appears in the mobile portion of the tongue is the most common neoplasm of the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to analyse oral tongue cancer epidemiology in a population of 610 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2008 and detailed in the Tumour Registry of the Madrid region. _Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis based on the following variables provided in the Tumour Registry was achieved: age, gender, histology, stage, location, treatment. Descriptive and analytic statistics with these variables, using Pearson's Chi-square test to study the relationship between the qualitative variables...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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