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sperm antibodies

Jian Zhang, Jie Su, Shuxiang Hu, Jindun Zhang, Rui Ding, Jitong Guo, Guifang Cao, Rongfeng Li, Qing-Yuan Sun, Xihe Li
Ubiquitination is an important cellular process in spermatogenesis and involves the regulation of spermatid differentiation and spermiogenesis. In the current study, the correlation between bull sperm ubiquitination and sperm defects was analyzed, and the feasibility using anti-ubiquitin specific antibody immobilized magnetic beads to remove the spermatozoa with defects was assessed. A total of nine bulls were examined, and the amount of sperm ubiquitination ranged from 55 to 151. Correspondingly, the percentage of sperm deformity ranged from 9...
February 12, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Rabih Darwiche, Fernanda Lugo, Claire Drurey, Koen Varossieau, Geert Smant, Ruud H P Wilbers, Rick M Maizels, Roger Schneiter, Oluwatoyin A Asojo
Brugia malayi is a causative agent of lymphatic filariasis, a major tropical disease. The infective L3 parasite stage releases immunomodulatory proteins including the venom allergen-like proteins (VALs), which are members of the SCP/TAPS (Sperm-coating protein / Tpx / antigen 5 / pathogenesis related-1 / Sc7) superfamily. BmVAL-1 is a major target of host immunity with >90% of infected B. malayi microfilaraemic cases being seropositive for antibodies to BmVAL-1. This study is part of ongoing efforts to characterize the structures and functions of important B...
February 28, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
Zhiqiu Yao, Wenyu Si, Weiguo Tian, Jing Ye, Rongfei Zhu, Xiumei Li, Shichun Ji, Qianqian Zheng, Ya Liu, Fugui Fang
To investigate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone 2-multiple antigen peptide (GnRH2-MAP) on reproductive function. In our study, 20-day-old male rats (n = 90) were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: GnRH2-MAP immunization, GnRH2 immunization, and non-immunized control groups. The immunized animals were administered three doses of GnRH2-MAP or GnRH2 vaccines from 0 to 6 weeks at 2-week intervals. The control group only received oil adjuvant. Blood and right testis samples were collected, and the left testis was weighed and its volume was measured at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after the first immunization...
January 30, 2018: Theriogenology
Joao Gatto Brom-de-Luna, Heloísa Siqueira Canesin, Gus Wright, Katrin Hinrichs
Nuclear transfer using somatic cells from frozen semen (FzSC) would allow cloning of animals for which no other genetic material is available. Horses are one of the few species for which cloning is commercially feasible; despite this, there is no information available on the culture of equine FzSC. After preliminary trials on equine FzSC, recovered by density-gradient centrifugation, resulted in no growth, we hypothesized that sperm in the culture system negatively affected cell proliferation. Therefore, we evaluated culture of FzSC isolated using fluorescence-assisted cell sorting...
December 23, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Min Hee Park, Min Seong Kim, Jung Im Yun, Jung Hoon Choi, Eunsong Lee, Seung Tae Lee
To date, in vitro culture systems able to sufficiently expand the small population of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), a tool for the development of sperm-mediated gene transfer techniques in transgenic pigs, in the porcine seminiferous tubule have not been reported. Therefore, as a step toward engineering a noncellular niche to support the in vitro maintenance of porcine SSC self-renewal, we investigated the types of integrin heterodimers that are expressed and functional on their membrane. The α and β integrin subunit protein expressions were analyzed using immunocytochemistry and fluorescence immunoassay, and the function of integrin heterodimers was confirmed by attachment and antibody inhibition assays...
January 25, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Noriyo Takeda, Yota Kon, Gonzalo Quiroga Artigas, Pascal Lapébie, Carine Barreau, Osamu Koizumi, Takeo Kishimoto, Kazunori Tachibana, Evelyn Houliston, Ryusaku Deguchi
Oocyte meiotic maturation is crucial for sexually reproducing animals, and its core cytoplasmic regulators are highly conserved between species. By contrast, the few known maturation-inducing hormones (MIHs) that act on oocytes to initiate this process are highly variable in their molecular nature. Using the hydrozoan jellyfish species Clytia and Cladonema, which undergo oocyte maturation in response to dark-light and light-dark transitions, respectively, we deduced amidated tetrapeptide sequences from gonad transcriptome data and found that synthetic peptides could induce maturation of isolated oocytes at nanomolar concentrations...
January 22, 2018: Development
Yu Wakimoto, Atsushi Fukui, Teruhito Kojima, Akiko Hasegawa, Minoru Shigeta, Hiroaki Shibahara
PROBLEM: Since the 1970s, anti-sperm antibodies have been studied as a pathogenic factor contributing to infertility. The complement-dependent sperm-immobilization test (SIT) and quantitative SIT have been used as effective tools for detecting anti-sperm antibodies in clinical settings. These tests have been carried out traditionally by manually counting the number of motile sperm through eye estimation. METHOD OF STUDY: In this study, we developed a novel method using computer-aided sperm analysis...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Biqiong Ren, Guoying Zou, Fei Xu, Yiran Huang, Guofeng Xu, Junyu He, Yong Li, Haowen Zhu, Ping Yu
At present, there is a high incidence of viral hepatitis and high mortality rates due to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in China. In the current study, the quantification of antibodies against the cancer-testis antigen sperm-associated antigen 9 (SPAG9), alone and combined with α-fetoprotein (AFP), were evaluated as biomarkers for the diagnosis of HCC. The levels of anti-SPAG9 antibody and AFP were quantified in serum samples from patients with HCC and hepatitis or cirrhosis, as well as healthy volunteers...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Andrea Garolla, Luca De Toni, Alberto Bottacin, Umberto Valente, Maurizio De Rocco Ponce, Andrea Di Nisio, Carlo Foresta
In this study we aimed to evaluate the effect on reproductive outcome of HPV vaccination in male subjects of infertile couples with HPV semen infection. In this single-center study, we retrospectively enrolled 151 infertile couples with detection of HPV in semen, attending our Hospital Unit of Andrology between January 2013 and June 2015, counseled to receive adjuvant HPV vaccination. Seventy-nine accepted vaccination (vaccine group) whilst 72 did not (control group). Our protocol of follow-up, aimed to evaluate HPV viral clearance, consisted in semen analysis, INNO-LiPA and FISH for HPV in semen cells after 6 and 12 months from basal evaluation...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nathaly Cormier, John J McGlone, John Leszyk, Daniel M Hardy
Sperm competence in animal fertilization requires the collective activities of numerous sperm-specific proteins that are typically alloimmunogenic in females. Consequently, sperm membrane alloantigens are potential targets for contraceptives that act by blocking the proteins' functions in gamete interactions. Here we used a targeted proteomics approach to identify the major alloantigens in swine sperm membranes and lipid rafts, and thereby systematically defined the repertoire of these sperm-specific proteins in a single species...
2018: PloS One
Matías A Bustos, Ornella Lucchesi, María C Ruete, Claudia N Tomes
The acrosome reaction is the regulated exocytosis of mammalian sperm's single secretory granule, essential for fertilization. It relies on small GTPases, the cAMP binding protein Epac, and the SNARE complex, among other components. Here, we describe a novel tool to investigate Rab27-related signaling pathways: a hybrid recombinant protein consisting of human Rab27A fused to TAT, a cell penetrating peptide. With this tool, we aimed to unravel the connection between Rab3, Rab27 and Rap1 in sperm exocytosis and to deepen our understanding about how isoprenylation and guanine nucleotides influence the behaviour of Rab27 in exocytosis...
January 11, 2018: Cellular Signalling
María Lorena Roldán, Juan Manuel Teijeiro, Jimena Ruiz Álvarez, Patricia Estela Marini
The oviduct is an organ in which a subpopulation of sperm is stored in a reservoir, preserving its fertilizing potential. In porcine, two oviductal proteins have been identified in relation to sperm binding, Annexin A2 and Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumour 1 (DMBT1). DMBT1 is a multifunctional, multidomain glycoprotein and the characteristics of all of its domains, as well as its carbohydrates, make them candidates for sperm binding. In this work, we challenge sperm for binding to pig oviductal cells on primary culture, after treatment with antibodies specific for the different domains present in DMBT1...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Elena Ruggeri, Keith F DeLuca, Cesare Galli, Giovanna Lazzari, Jennifer G DeLuca, Joanne E Stokes, Elaine M Carnevale
Confocal microscopy was used to image stages of equine zygote development, at timed intervals, after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of oocytes that were matured in vivo or in vitro. After fixation for 4, 6, 8, 12, or 16 h after ICSI, zygotes were incubated with α/β tubulin antibodies and human anticentromere antibody (CREST/ACA), washed, incubated in secondary antibodies, conjugated to either Alexa 488 or Alexa 647, and incubated with 561-Phalloidin and Hoechst 33258. An Olympus IX81 spinning disk confocal microscope was used for imaging...
December 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Arturo Matamoros-Volante, Ayelen Moreno-Irusta, Paulina Torres-Rodriguez, Laura Giojalas, María G Gervasi, Pablo E Visconti, Claudia L Treviño
STUDY QUESTION: Is image-based flow cytometry a useful tool to study intracellular events in human sperm such as protein tyrosine phosphorylation or signaling processes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Image-based flow cytometry is a powerful tool to study intracellular events in a relevant number of sperm cells, which enables a robust statistical analysis providing spatial resolution in terms of the specific subcellular localization of the labeling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is required for fertilization...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
K Shiraishi, A Shindo, A Harada, H Kurumizaka, H Kimura, Y Ohkawa, H Matsuyama
Histone H3.5 (H3.5) is a newly identified histone variant highly expressed in the human testis. We have reported the crystal structure, instability of the H3.5 nucleosome and accumulation around transcription start sites, mainly in primary spermatocytes, but its role in human spermatogenesis remains poorly understood. Testicular biopsy specimens from 30 men (mean age: 35 years) with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction and 23 men with obstructive azoospermia (OA) were included...
January 2018: Andrology
L Dehghan Marvast, A R Talebi, J Ghasemzadeh, A Hosseini, A A Pacey
The present study was performed to investigate the relation of Chlamydia trachomatis infection to sperm chromatin/DNA integrity in a population of infertile men (male partner of infertile couples) from Iran. Blood, semen and first-void urine samples were obtained from 250 infertile men. Data were analysed with regard to the results of (i) serological analysis for specific antibodies to C. trachomatis in serum; (ii) the presence of C. trachomatis and DNA in first-void urine; and (iii) in the semen sample of the male partner, in addition to sperm analysis, four different tests (aniline blue, chromomycin A3, acridine orange and TUNEL) were used to detect sperm chromatin and DNA abnormalities...
November 6, 2017: Andrologia
M S Budamagunta, F Guo, N Sun, B Shibata, P G FitzGerald, J C Voss, J F Hess
Proteins predicted to be composed of large stretches of coiled-coil structure have often proven difficult to crystallize for structural determination. We have successfully applied EPR spectroscopic techniques to the study of the structure and assembly of full-length human vimentin assembled into native 11 nm filaments, in physiologic solution, circumventing the limitations of crystallizing shorter peptide sequences. Tektins are a small family of highly alpha helical filamentous proteins found in the doublet microtubules of cilia and related structures...
January 2018: Cytoskeleton
Romano Dallai, David Mercati, José Lino-Neto, Glenda Dias, Pietro Lupetti
We studied spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis in Adalia decempunctata (L), a beetle of the Coccinellidae family. The spermatocyte exhibits two centrioles which elongate to form a pair of primary cilia. A novel structure, appearing in cross sections as a dense droplet, is observed near the long centriole during spermiogenesis, and is soon accompanied by a procentriole (PCL). PCL structure consists of singlet microtubules, a central tubule and an incomplete cartwheel. The PCL persists until the end of spermiogenesis, when it vanishes together with the dense droplet...
November 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
Jana Jankovičová, Katarína Michalková, Petra Sečová, Ľubica Horovská, Pavla Maňásková-Postlerová, Jana Antalíková
Phosphorylation, or dephosphorylation, is one of the most frequent post-translational modifications regulating protein-protein activity in eukaryotic cells. Whereas mature spermatozoa (as specialized cells) are transcriptionally inactive and do not synthesize new proteins, phosphorylation of sperm proteins is very important for the regulation of the sperm function. Although the post-testicular maturation of spermatozoa is a process common to all mammals, comparative studies showed significant differences in sperm surface proteins and the mechanisms of protein modification during the epididymal maturation...
October 23, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
Gillian P Johnson, Anne-Marie English, Sinead Cronin, David A Hoey, Kieran G Meade, Sean Fair
Cation channels of sperm (CatSper) are sperm-specific calcium channels with identified roles in the regulation of sperm function in humans, mice, and horses. We sought to employ a comparative genomics approach to identify conserved CATSPER genes in the bovine genome, and profile their expression in reproductive tissue. We hypothesized that CATSPER proteins expressed in bull testicular tissue mediates sperm hyperactivation and their rheotactic response in the reproductive tract of the cow. Bioinformatic analysis identified all four known CATSPER genes (CATSPER 1-4) in the bovine genome, and profiling by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction identified site-specific variation in messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression for all four genes along the reproductive tract of the bull...
August 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
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