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Nutrition therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#1
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537863/severe-pellagra-masked-by-concurrent-plaque-psoriasis-a-case-report-of-a-hidden-diagnosis
#2
Elizabeth A Wang, Jason Kao, Michelle Y Cheng, Chelsea Ma, Soneet Dhillon, Thomas Konia, Emanual Maverakis, Cindy J Chambers
Despite characteristic features, psoriasis can mimic other dermatologic conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis, lichen simplex chronicus, and certain nutritional deficiencies such as pellagra. We present a patient with a longstanding history of severe plaque psoriasis who presented with disfiguring scaly plaques involving greater than 80% body surface area. The patient's disease was minimally responsive to multiple therapies. Repeat punch biopsies demonstrated parakeratosis, psoriasiform hyperplasia, and dilated blood vessels consistent with psoriasis...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534554/-relation-between-preoperative-prognostic-onodera-s-index-and-postsurgery-complications-in-the-r0-gastric-carcinoma-resection
#3
F Borda, C Miranda, A Borda, E Echeverría, A Guerra, J J Iñigo, J M Zozaya
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated in the Asian literature that a low prognostic nutritional index (OI) could be associated with a higher rate of complications following radical gastric cancer surgery, but there is a lack of data concerning western countries. The aim is to analyze the relationship between a low preoperative OI and the frequency and severity of surgical complications in R0 gastric cancer resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present article, 124 cases of gastric cancer with R0 resection were reviewed...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533169/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-systematic-review-of-evidence-for-medical-nutrition-therapy-effectiveness-and-recommendations-for-integration-into-the-nutrition-care-process
#4
Marion J Franz, Janice MacLeod, Alison Evert, Catherine Brown, Erica Gradwell, Deepa Handu, Adam Reppert, Megan Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532731/evaluation-procedures-in-health-perspective-of-nursing-care-in-patient-safety
#5
Theo Duarte da Costa, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Marcos Antônio Ferreira Junior, Alynne Fortes Vitor, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Kisna Yasmin Andrade Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective research is analyzing the nursing care in intensive care units from the perspective of patient safety based on health evaluation. METHODS: This is an evaluation research, for the purpose of issuance of judgment or judgment on a given system, carried out in six intensive care units. Data collection occurred from April to July 2014, in locu, with a validated instrument containing 97 questions related to patient safety. These, 73 items targeted to analyze the element "process" in safety patient nursing care...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#6
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531643/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-vitamins-and-minerals-attenuate-renal-electrolyte-loss-in-hiv-aids-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-zambia
#7
D Munkombwe, T L Muungo, C Michelo, P Kelly, S Chirwa, S Filteau
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced HIV infection combined with undernutrition and antiretroviral therapy (ART) places HIV/AIDS patients at high risk of electrolyte abnormalities and increased morbidity and mortality. Here, in a sub-study of a large published randomized trial, we evaluated if nutritional supplements will help curtail renal electrolyte loss in HIV/AIDS patients starting ART. METHODS: 130 malnourished HIV-positive patients referred for ART received lipid-based nutrient supplements alone (LNS, n = 63) or together with vitamins and minerals (LNS-VM, n = 67)...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531565/efficiency-cost-effectiveness-and-need-of-inversion-in-nutritional-therapy-importance-of-detecting-and-documenting-undernutrition
#8
Jesús Manuel Morán López, María Piedra León, Belén Beneítez Moralejo, Fidel Jesús Enciso Izquierdo, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, José Antonio Amado Señaris
Disease Related Malnutrition (DRM) is highly prevalent in Spanish hospitals. WHO estimates that 20-40% of health-associated expenses are lost due to inefficiency. Demonstration that DRM is a component of inefficiency and hiring a specialist physician for its detection and treatment is cost-effective. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparison between nutritional diagnosis and procedures detected and encoded at discharge using McNemar test. Recoding of 162 discharge reports including nutritional diagnoses and procedures...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531396/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-nutric-score-to-identify-critically-ill-patients-who-benefit-the-most-from-nutrition-therapy
#9
Mariane Rosa, Daren K Heyland, Daieni Fernandes, Estela I Rabito, Manoela L Oliveira, Aline Marcadenti
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the scarcity of tools to assess the nutritional risk in critically ill patients, the NUTrition Risk in the Critically ill Score (NUTRIC Score) was developed and validated primarily in a limited population to quantify the risk of adverse events that may be modified by aggressive nutrition therapy. The objective of this study was to translate and adapt the NUTRIC Score into Portuguese language for further demonstrate its feasibility and clinical utility in Brazilian Intensive Care Units (ICUs)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530279/bifunctional-antimicrobial-conjugates-and-hybrid-antimicrobials
#10
REVIEW
P Klahn, M Brönstrup
Covering: up to the end of 2016Novel antimicrobial drugs are continuously needed to counteract bacterial resistance development. An innovative molecular design strategy for novel antibiotic drugs is based on the hybridization of an antibiotic with a second functional entity. Such conjugates can be grouped into two major categories. In the first category (antimicrobial hybrids), both functional elements of the hybrid exert antimicrobial activity. Due to the dual targeting, resistance development can be significantly impaired, the pharmacokinetic properties can be superior compared to combination therapies with the single antibiotics, and the antibacterial potency is often enhanced in a synergistic manner...
May 22, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530258/enhanced-recovery-program-erp-in-major-laryngeal-surgery-building-a-protocol-and-testing-its-feasibility
#11
M Gemma, S Toma, F Lira Luce, L Beretta, M Braga, M Bussi
Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) represent a multimodal approach to perioperative patient care. The benefits of ERP are well demonstrated in colorectal surgery and Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) programs, that epitomise the ERP concept, have being introduced in different specialties, including vascular, gastric, pancreatic, urogynecologic and orthopaedic surgery. However, no ERP has been proposed for head and neck surgery. We developed an expert-opinion-based ERP for laryngeal surgery based on the key principles of colorectal surgery ERAS®...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529552/cancer-induced-muscle-wasting-latest-findings-in-prevention-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Zaira Aversa, Paola Costelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Cancer cachexia is a severe and disabling clinical condition that frequently accompanies the development of many types of cancer. Muscle wasting is the hallmark of cancer cachexia and is associated with serious clinical consequences such as physical impairment, poor quality of life, reduced tolerance to treatments and shorter survival. Cancer cachexia may evolve through different stages of clinical relevance, namely pre-cachexia, cachexia and refractory cachexia. Given its detrimental clinical consequences, it appears mandatory to prevent and/or delay the progression of cancer cachexia to its refractory stage by implementing the early recognition and treatment of the nutritional and metabolic alterations occurring during cancer...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529304/sebastian-kneipp-and-the-natural-cure-movement-of-germany-between-naturalism-and-modern-medicine
#13
Youkyung Ko
This study discusses the historical significance of the Natural Cure Movement of Germany, centering on the Kneipp Cure, a form of hydrotherapy practiced by Father Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897). The Kneipp Cure rested on five main tenets: hydrotherapy, exercise, nutrition, herbalism, and the balance of mind and body. This study illuminates the reception of the Kneipp Cure in the context of the trilateral relationship among the Kneipp Cure, the Natural Cure Movement in general, and modern medicine. The Natural Cure Movement was ideologically based on naturalism, criticizing industrialization and urbanization...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528692/insulin-like-growth-factor-igf-axis-in-cancerogenesis
#14
REVIEW
Aldona Kasprzak, Wojciech Kwasniewski, Agnieszka Adamek, Anna Gozdzicka-Jozefiak
Determination of the role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family components in carcinogenesis of several human tumors is based on numerous epidemiological and pre-clinical studies, experiments in vivo and in vitro and on attempts at application of drugs affecting the IGF axis. Investigative hypotheses in original studies were based on biological functions manifested by the entire family of IGF (ligands, receptors, linking proteins, adaptor molecules). In the context of carcinogenesis the most important functions of IGF family involve intensification of proliferation and inhibition of cell apoptosis and effect on cell transformation through synthesis of several regulatory proteins...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528647/transition-metal-homeostasis-in-streptococcus-pyogenes-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#15
Andrew G Turner, Cheryl-Lynn Y Ong, Mark J Walker, Karrera Y Djoko, Alastair G McEwan
Trace metals such as Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu are essential for various biological functions including proper innate immune function. The host immune system has complicated and coordinated mechanisms in place to either starve and/or overload invading pathogens with various metals to combat the infection. Here, we discuss the roles of Fe, Mn and Zn in terms of nutritional immunity, and also the roles of Cu and Zn in metal overload in relation to the physiology and pathogenesis of two human streptococcal species, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526385/prevalence-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-loss-and-its-association-with-swallowing-function-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#16
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skeletal muscle mass loss and its association with swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 65 consecutive patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery who were prescribed speech therapy. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526379/the-polish-intestinal-failure-centres-consensus-on-the-use-of-teduglutide-for-the-treatment-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#17
Stanisław Klek, Marek Kunecki, Jacek Sobocki, Konrad Matysiak, Katarzyna Karwowska, Krystyna Urbanowicz
OBJECTIVE: Teduglutide is an active, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 analog with proven clinical efficacy regarding intestinal adaptation in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). There are two factors that preclude its reimbursement, and thereby, its availability: its cost (reaching ∼$300,000/y)-which significantly exceeds the cost of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in most countries-and the lack of clear guidelines. The aim of this study was to create evidence-based working criteria for the use of teduglutide that could be used in clinical settings...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526376/the-excessive-caloric-intake-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-related-to-obesity-after-a-long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy
#18
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Paula Bresciani, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, Marcos Alberto Taddeo Cipullo, José Carlos Clemente, Danielle Arisa Caranti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a long-term interdisciplinary lifestyle modification therapy on food intake, body composition, and anthropometric measurements of obese women. METHODS: Seventy obese women (age 41 ± 5.9 y) attended the interdisciplinary therapy, with nutrition, physical exercise, physiotherapy, and psychological support during the course of 1 y. Usual food intake was estimated by 3-d dietary record. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to determine body fat and fat-free mass...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525622/dietary-therapy-with-the-crohn-s-disease-exclusion-diet-is-a-successful-strategy-for-induction-of-remission-in-children-and-adults-failing-biological-therapy
#19
Rotem Sigall Boneh, Chen Sarbagili-Shabat, Heinit Yanai, Irit Chermesh, Sivan Ben Avraham, Mona Boaz, Arie Levine
Background: Loss of response (LoR) to biologics in Crohn's disease (CD) is a significant clinical problem. Dietary therapy as a treatment strategy in this setting has not been previously reported. We report the use of dietary strategies using enteral nutrition coupled with the Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) for LoR to infliximab or adalimumab as a single center experience. Methods: Patients with LoR to a biologic despite dose escalation or combination therapy were treated with partial enteral nutrition (PEN) by a polymeric formula and the CDED for 12 weeks...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#20
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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