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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766842/continuous-low-dose-antibiotic-prophylaxis-to-prevent-urinary-tract-infection-in-adults-who-perform-clean-intermittent-self-catheterisation-the-antic-rct
#1
Robert Pickard, Thomas Chadwick, Yemi Oluboyede, Catherine Brennand, Alexander von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Doreen McClurg, Jennifer Wilkinson, Laura Ternent, Holly Fisher, Katherine Walton, Elaine McColl, Luke Vale, Ruth Wood, Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Paul Hilton, Mandy Fader, Simon Harrison, James Larcombe, Paul Little, Anthony Timoney, James N'Dow, Heather Armstrong, Nicola Morris, Kerry Walker, Nikesh Thiruchelvam
BACKGROUND: People carrying out clean intermittent self-catheterisation (CISC) to empty their bladder often suffer repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs). Continuous once-daily, low-dose antibiotic treatment (antibiotic prophylaxis) is commonly advised but knowledge of its effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefit, harms and cost-effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent UTIs in people who perform CISC. DESIGN: Parallel-group, open-label, patient-randomised 12-month trial of allocated intervention with 3-monthly follow-up...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726431/telemedicine-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-diseases-in-children
#2
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
The purpose of this study was to review different telemedicine services in diagnosis, treatment and management of various children diseases and providing an overview of systematic reviews conducted in this regard. We searched English articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 to 2016. We found that tele-pediatric services have been reported in various areas such as cardiology, burn, diabetes, obesity, emergency medicine, speech and hearing loss, Ear, Nose and Throat, psychology and psychiatry, radiology, oncology, home healthcare, asthma, genetics and dentistry...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717685/a-bibliometric-profile-of-disaster-medicine-research-from-2008-to-2017-a-scientometric-analysis
#3
Liang Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Lidong Fan, Shuo Tang, Kunpeng Hu, Nan Xiao, Shuguang Li
ABSTRACTThis study analyzed and assessed publication trends in articles on "disaster medicine," using scientometric analysis. Data were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) of Thomson Reuters on March 27, 2017. A total of 564 publications on disaster medicine were identified. There was a mild increase in the number of articles on disaster medicine from 2008 (n=55) to 2016 (n=83). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness published the most articles, the majority of articles were published in the United States, and the leading institute was Tohoku University...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713164/global-trends-in-nanomedicine-research-on-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-bibliometric-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ramon Handerson Gomes Teles, Herick Fernando Moralles, Márcia Regina Cominetti
Nanotechnology has emerged as a promising tool in the clinic to combat several difficult-to-manage diseases, such as cancer, which is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Chemotherapeutic drugs present several limitations such as undesired side effects, low specificity, resistance, and high relapse rates. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is caused by cells that lack specific receptors in their membrane, such as estrogen (ER+) and progesterone (PR+) receptors, or by cells that do not express the amplification of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2+)...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700900/barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-professionals-discussing-child-weight-with-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#5
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680811/does-the-age-of-acute-care-physicians-impact-their-1-crisis-management-performance-and-2-learning-after-simulation-based-education-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-in-toronto-and-ottawa-canada
#6
Fahad Alam, Vicki R LeBlanc, Alan Baxter, Jordan Tarshis, Dominique Piquette, Yuqi Gu, Caroline Filipkowska, Ashley Krywenky, Nicole Kester-Greene, Pierre Cardinal, Shelly Au, Sandy Lam, Sylvain Boet, Perioperative Anesthesia Clinical Trials Group
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of older acute care physicians (ACPs) has been steadily increasing. Ageing is associated with physiological changes and prospective research investigating how such age-related physiological changes affect clinical performance, including crisis resource management (CRM) skills, is lacking. There is a gap in the literature on whether physician's age influences baseline CRM performance and also learning from simulation. We aim to investigate whether ageing is associated with baseline CRM skills of ACPs (emergency, critical care and anaesthesia) using simulated crisis scenarios and to assess whether ageing influences learning from simulation-based education...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674362/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-model-of-care-for-low-back-pain-in-emergency-departments-protocol-for-the-sydney-health-partners-emergency-department-shaped-trial
#7
Gustavo C Machado, Bethan Richards, Chris Needs, Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian A Harris, Kirsten Howard, Kirsten McCaffery, Laurent Billot, James Edwards, Eileen Rogan, Rochelle Facer, David Lord Cowell, Chris G Maher
INTRODUCTION: Patients with low back pain often seek care in emergency departments, but the problem is that many patients receive unnecessary or ineffective interventions and at the same time miss out on the basics of care, such as advice on self-management. This pattern of care has important consequences for the healthcare system (expensive and inefficient) and for patients (poor health outcomes). We hypothesised that the implementation of an evidence-based model of care for low back pain will improve emergency care by reducing inappropriate overuse of tests and treatments and improving patient outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668367/which-patients-with-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-might-benefit-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#8
Omar Mahmoud, Mark H Einstein
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656528/the-role-of-scalpel-bougie-cricothyroidotomy-in-managing-emergency-front-of-neck-airway-access-a-review-and-technical-update-for-ent-surgeons
#9
N D McNiven, J P Pracy, B A McGrath, A K Robson
In October 2016 an editorial was published jointly in Clinical Otolaryngology and the British Journal of Anaesthesia concerning the appropriate management of the difficult airway in a situation of 'Can't Intubate Can't Oxygenate' (CICO).1 It highlighted the importance of joint working between surgeons and anaesthetists and also made a case for the wider use of the scalpel-bougie cricothyroidotomy technique in securing a Front of Neck Airway (FONA), especially in an emergency. This article is protected by copyright...
April 15, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629909/exploring-nurse-manager-support-of-evidence-based-practice-clinical-nurse-perceptions
#10
Laura Caramanica, LeeAnna Spiva
OBJECTIVE: The study identifies what constitutes nurse manager (NM) support and other resources that enable clinical nurses (CNs) to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). BACKGROUND: Clinical nurses report that NM support enables them to use EBP but what constitutes NM support is still unclear. METHODS: Nurse managers, CNs, and EBP mentors received specialized education and use a team approach for EBP. Data were collected preintervention, mid-intervention, and postintervention from observations, interviews, journaling, and surveys...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611474/glycosides-from-medicinal-plants-as-potential-anticancer-agents-emerging-trends-towards-future-drugs
#11
Haroon Khan, Mina Saeedi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Mohammad S Mubarak, Anupam Bishayee
BACKGROUND: Cancer continues to be a global burden, despite the advancement of various technological and pharmaceutical improvements over the past two decades. Methods for treating cancer include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in addition to other specialized techniques. On the other hand, medicinal plants have been traditionally employed either as the complementary medicine or dietary agents in the treatment and management of cancer. Medicinal plants are a rich source of secondary metabolites with interesting biological and pharmacological activities...
April 3, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596725/antagonists-in-the-medical-management-of-opioid-use-disorders-historical-and-existing-treatment-strategies
#12
REVIEW
Adam Bisaga, Paolo Mannelli, Maria A Sullivan, Suzanne K Vosburg, Peggy Compton, George E Woody, Thomas R Kosten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic condition with potentially severe health and social consequences. Many who develop moderate to severe OUD will repeatedly seek treatment or interact with medical care via emergency department visits or hospitalizations. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop feasible and effective approaches to help persons with OUD achieve and maintain abstinence from opioids. Treatment that includes one of the three FDA-approved medications is an evidence-based strategy to manage OUD...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596711/through-the-eyes-of-nurse-managers-in-long-term-care-identifying-perceived-competencies-and-skills
#13
Kathleen H Dever
Nurse managers (NMs) in long-term care supervise health care services for individuals with high acuity levels and numerous comorbidities. There is minimal research identifying NMs' skills and competencies as unit leaders within the long-term care environment. The current mixed-methods study identified NMs' leadership skills and competencies. Nineteen NMs with ≥5 years' long-term care management experience completed the Nurse Manager Inventory Tool and were individually interviewed. They rated their clinical skills at the competent level and their financial/strategic management skills at the novice level...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574167/people-with-low-back-pain-perceive-needs-for-non-biomedical-services-in-workplace-financial-social-and-household-domains-a-systematic-review
#14
Louisa Chou, Flavia M Cicuttini, Donna M Urquhart, Shane N Anthony, Kaye Sullivan, Maheeka Seneviwickrama, Andrew M Briggs, Anita E Wluka
QUESTION: What needs of non-biomedical services are perceived by people with low back pain? DESIGN: Systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies examining perceived needs of non-biomedical services for low back pain, identified through searching of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO (1990 to 2016). PARTICIPANTS: Adults with low back pain of any duration. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Descriptive data regarding study design and methodology were extracted...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523569/a-tailored-strategy-for-designing-the-walk-copenhagen-walk-cph-intervention-to-increase-mobility-in-hospitalised-older-medical-patients-a-protocol-for-the-qualitative-part-of-the-walk-cph-project
#15
Jeanette Wassar Kirk, Ann Christine Bodilsen, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mette Merete Pedersen, Thomas Bandholm, Rasmus Skov Husted, Lise Kronborg Poulsen, Janne Petersen, Ove Andersen, Per Nilsen
INTRODUCTION: Older medical patients (>65 years) represent 54% of the admissions to Danish medical and emergency departments. Acute admissions and bed-rest during hospitalisation are independent risk factors for death and dependency in older patients. Even short hospitalisations are associated with increased dependency in activities of daily living after discharge. Interventions that increase mobility during hospitalisation are therefore important. The purpose of this protocol is to describe the intervention design of the WALK-Copenhagen project, aimed at increasing 24 hours mobility in older medical patients during acute hospitalisations and following discharge...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493031/review-an-overview-and-analysis-of-novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-their-dental-implications
#16
REVIEW
Kevin Fortier, Deepti Shroff, Uday N Reebye
BACKGROUND: Dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are approved novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) as alternatives to Vitamin K antagonists (VKA). Physicians are prescribing an ever-increasing amount these drugs to their patients due to various advantages over existing medications. AIMS: The objective of this review is to provide the dental professional with current literature surrounding the emergence of NOACs, as well as various case studies on the subject, in an effort to guide clinical decision making regarding these medications...
June 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480063/the-structure-and-emerging-trends-of-construction-safety-management-research-a-bibliometric-review
#17
Huakang Liang, Shoujian Zhang, Yikun Su
Recently, construction safety management (CSM) practices and systems have become important topics for stakeholders to take care of human resources. However, few studies have attempted to map the global research on CSM. A comprehensive bibliometric review was conducted in this study based on multiple methods. In total, 1172 CSM-related papers from the Web of Science Core Collection database were examined. The analyses focused on publication year, country-institute, publication source, author and research topics...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449297/delivering-safe-and-effective-test-result-communication-management-and-follow-up-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#18
Maria R Dahm, Andrew Georgiou, Johanna I Westbrook, David Greenfield, Andrea R Horvath, Denis Wakefield, Ling Li, Ken Hillman, Patrick Bolton, Anthony Brown, Graham Jones, Robert Herkes, Robert Lindeman, Michael Legg, Meredith Makeham, Daniel Moses, Dauda Badmus, Craig Campbell, Rae-Anne Hardie, Julie Li, Euan McCaughey, Gorkem Sezgin, Judith Thomas, Nasir Wabe
INTRODUCTION: The failure to follow-up pathology and medical imaging test results poses patient-safety risks which threaten the effectiveness, quality and safety of patient care. The objective of this project is to: (1) improve the effectiveness and safety of test-result management through the establishment of clear governance processes of communication, responsibility and accountability; (2) harness health information technology (IT) to inform and monitor test-result management; (3) enhance the contribution of consumers to the establishment of safe and effective test-result management systems...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412305/journal-club-a-group-of-research-experience
#19
Patricia Bover Draganov, Maria Regina Guimarães Silva, Vanessa Ribeiro Neves, Maria Cristina Sanna
INTRODUCTION: the Journal Club (JC) is a teaching and learning strategy developed by individuals who meet to discuss scientific articles in periodicals. OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience of the JC strategy at the Group for Studies and Research in Health Services Administration and Nursing Management (Gepag). METHOD: case studies or scientific research demonstration mode of practical experience for the understanding and justification of facts...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412270/cuadernos-m%C3%A3-dico-sociales-from-rosario-argentina-and-other-latin-american-social-medicine-journals-from-the-1970s-and-1980s
#20
Hugo Spinelli, Juan Martín Librandi, Juan Pablo Zabala
In the 1970s and 1980s, a series of journals were founded to disseminate ideas from Latin American social medicine in various countries across the continent, during the early stage of a movement that would later become institutionalized in Brazil under the name "collective medicine." In this article, we look at the principal characteristics of those endeavors: Revista Centroamericana de Ciencias de la Salud, Saúde em Debate, Salud Problema, Revista Latinoamericana de Salud and Cuadernos Médico Sociales...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
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