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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747138/perspectives-on-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-exploring-a-cross-cultural-view-of-parents-from-india-and-canada-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#1
Pranay Jindal, Joy C MacDermid, Peter Rosenbaum, Briano DiRezze, Amitesh Narayan
PURPOSE: To explore parents' perspectives on rehabilitation of their child with cerebral palsy and their information needs. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with parents of children with CP from India (n = 11) and Canada (n = 7). Data were analyzed through an interpretive description approach using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. RESULTS: Body Structure and Function: Indian parents were more focused on fixing body structure and function challenges, and independent walking, than Canadian parents...
July 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732525/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-embedded-simulation-in-occupational-therapy-clinical-practice-education-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Christine Imms, Eli Mang Yee Chu, Stephen Guinea, Loretta Sheppard, Elspeth Froude, Rob Carter, Susan Darzins, Samantha Ashby, Susan Gilbert-Hunt, Nigel Gribble, Kelli Nicola-Richmond, Merrolee Penman, Elena Gospodarevskaya, Erin Mathieu, Mark Symmons
BACKGROUND: Clinical placements are a critical component of the training for health professionals such as occupational therapists. However, with growing student enrolments in professional education courses and workload pressures on practitioners, it is increasingly difficult to find sufficient, suitable placements that satisfy program accreditation requirements. The professional accrediting body for occupational therapy in Australia allows up to 200 of the mandatory 1000 clinical placement hours to be completed via simulation activities, but evidence of effectiveness and efficiency for student learning outcomes is lacking...
July 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#3
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723828/social-disparities-in-early-intervention-service-use-and-provider-reported-outcomes
#4
Mary A Khetani, Zachary Richardson, Beth M McManus
OBJECTIVE: To describe social disparities in early intervention (EI) service use and provider-reported outcomes. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of administrative data to ascertain EI service use of all EI and discipline-specific services and child and family characteristics. Adjusted logistic regression models estimated the odds of receiving each type of core EI service. Adjusted median regression models estimated differences in EI intensity for each type of core EI service...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721101/survey-of-malaria-and-anti-dengue-virus-igg-among-febrile-hiv-infected-patients-attending-a-tertiary-hospital-in-abuja-nigeria
#5
Jelili Olaide Mustapha, Anthony Uchenna Emeribe, Idris Abdullahi Nasir
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are infections, of great public health concern, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the burden of HIV infection is high. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of dengue virus IgG antibodies and dengue/malaria coinfection among febrile HIV-infected patients attending the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from 178 consenting HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were collected and tested for plasmodiasis and anti-Dengue virus IgG using malaria microscopy and ELISA, respectively...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#6
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711721/-supporting-nursing-midwifery-and-allied-health-professional-students-to-raise-concerns-with-the-quality-of-care-a-review-of-the-research-literature
#7
REVIEW
Frank Milligan, Mark Wareing, Michael Preston-Shoot, Yannis Pappas, Gurch Randhawa, Janine Bhandol
BACKGROUND: This article reports aspects of a systematic literature review commissioned by the UK Council of Deans of Health. The review collated and analysed UK and international literature on pre-registration healthcare students raising concerns with poor quality care. The research found in that review is summarised here. OBJECTIVE: To review research on healthcare students raising concerns with regard to the quality of practice published from 2009 to the present...
June 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692449/fidget-spinners-purported-benefits-adverse-effects-and-accepted-alternatives
#8
Rachel A Schecter, Jay Shah, Kate Fruitman, Ruth Lynn Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the span of a few months, fidget spinners have caught the eyes of millions of children, parents, educators and paediatricians. Fidget spinners, hand-held toys designed to spin freely in your grasp, have become a source of entertainment for consumers of all ages. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, toy marketers have advertised the benefits of fidget spinners for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and other disorders (e.g. autism, anxiety, sensory issues)...
July 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680286/rehabilitation-and-exercise-oncology-program-translating-research-into-a-model-of-care
#9
M A Dalzell, N Smirnow, W Sateren, A Sintharaphone, M Ibrahim, L Mastroianni, L D Vales Zambrano, S O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: The Rehabilitation and Exercise Oncology model of care (ActivOnco) was established to optimize cancer survivorship through exercise prescription and active lifestyle promotion, providing a transition of care from hospital to community. Patients having any cancer diagnosis, stage of disease, and treatment were eligible for evaluation and exercise prescription upon deterioration of performance status. The team of professionals included hospital-based physiotherapists proactively screening for rehabilitation needs, loss of functional independence, and exercise eligibility, plus exercise specialists in a community-based Wellness Centre to provide follow-up or direct access for post-treatment or non-complex patients...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661386/a-way-of-seeing-how-occupation-is-portrayed-to-students-when-taught-as-a-concept-beyond-its-use-in-therapy
#10
Pollie Price, Barb Hooper, Sheama Krishnagiri, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: The concept of occupation is core to learning occupational therapy, yet how occupation is taught has not been widely studied. We explored how occupation is addressed in 25 U.S. occupational therapist and occupational therapy assistant programs. METHOD: We used a basic qualitative research design, collecting data through interviews, artifacts, and video recordings of teaching. We secondarily analyzed 8 programs in which occupation was taught beyond its application in practice...
July 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660711/mental-health-education-in-occupational-therapy-professional-preparation-programs-alignment-between-clinician-priorities-and-coverage-in-university-curricula
#11
Justin Newton Scanlan, Pamela J Meredith, Kirsti Haracz, Priscilla Ennals, Geneviève Pépin, Jayne S Webster, Karen Arblaster, Shelley Wright
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapy programs must prepare graduates for work in mental health. However, this area of practice is complex and rapidly changing. This study explored the alignment between educational priorities identified by occupational therapists practising in mental health and level of coverage of these topics in occupational therapy programs in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to heads of all occupational therapy programs across Australia and New Zealand...
June 29, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656659/multidisciplinary-biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-for-subacute-low-back-pain
#12
REVIEW
Teresa J Marin, Dwayne Van Eerd, Emma Irvin, Rachel Couban, Bart W Koes, Antti Malmivaara, Maurits W van Tulder, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social and economic costs. As a result, there is increasing emphasis on the importance of intervening at the early stages of LBP.According to the biopsychosocial model, LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological, and social influences...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#13
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#14
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621217/occupational-therapists-with-oncology-exposure-perceived-needs-on-adults-and-older-adults-with-cancer-related-cognitive-impairments
#16
Sara S Ulfers, Christine Berg
Cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) can limit participation in meaningful activities before, during, and after cancer treatment. This study explored occupational therapists' perceived knowledge gaps and needs regarding CRCI in adults and older adults. An online survey was sent to a convenience sample of 60 practitioners at facilities throughout the continuum of care and 176 directors and faculty in accredited occupational therapy programs. Using a snowball sampling approach, recipients were asked to forward the survey to other occupational therapists...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606103/occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-education-and-workforce-in-anglophone-sub-saharan-africa-countries
#17
Augustine O Agho, Emmanuel B John
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries are faced with the challenge of educating a critical mass of occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) to meet the growing demand for health and rehabilitation services. The World Federation of Occupational Therapy (WFOT) and World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) have argued for the need of graduate-level training for OTs and PTs for decades. However, very few studies have been conducted to determine the availability of OT and PT training programs and practitioners in SSA countries...
June 12, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584865/the-gender-lens-development-of-a-learning-aid-to-introduce-gender-medicine
#18
Simone Weyers, Anja Vervoorts, Nico Dragano, Miriam Engels
Background and aim: Gender medicine takes into account biological and social differences between men and women in terms of prevalence and course of disease, diagnosis and therapy. Medical students should be made aware of this in the early stages of medical education. However, there is hardly any teaching material currently available. This article presents the adaption and first use of the German "Gender Lens," a tool to introduce gender medicine to medical students. Method: The original Canadian "Gender Lens Tool" was translated into German, tested by (n=5) teachers and adapted based on current scientific concepts...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581898/assistive-technology-reasoning-in-rural-school-based-occupational-therapy
#19
Anne F Cronin
This study explores broad issues associated with assistive technology (AT) service provision in rural school settings. The study was designed to explore the beliefs of practitioners working in rural schools about their role in AT service provision. This article includes an extensive review of the literature and findings from a naturalistic study of AT service provision experience in rural school settings. The study portion of this article involved completion of an open-ended questionnaire followed by semi-structured ethnographic interviews...
June 5, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578754/internet-images-of-the-speech-pathology-profession
#20
Nicole Byrne
Objective The Internet provides the general public with information about speech pathology services, including client groups and service delivery models, as well as the professionals providing the services. Although this information assists the general public and other professionals to both access and understand speech pathology services, it also potentially provides information about speech pathology as a prospective career, including the types of people who are speech pathologists (i.e. demographics). The aim of the present study was to collect baseline data on how the speech pathology profession was presented via images on the Internet...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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