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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768053/quality-of-life-and-patients-expectations-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#1
Robin L Jones, Axel Le Cesne
Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is essential for holistic care. Greater efforts are required to incorporate HRQoL measures into clinical trials and daily practice. Considerable HRQoL data are available for localized soft tissue sarcomas (STS), particularly in the orthopedic setting. In future, HRQoL is expected to become increasingly important in the evaluation of palliative therapy in advanced STS. A patient-centric approach is advocated for STS management. Greater awareness of STS by nonspecialist clinicians, and timely referral to specialized sarcoma reference centers, is crucial for patient welfare...
May 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756393/opioid-prescribing-practices-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-oral-cavity-cancer
#2
John Pang, Kathryn R Tringale, Viridiana J Tapia, Bharat A Panuganti, Jesse R Qualliotine, Aria Jafari, Sunny J Haft, Lawrence S Friedman, Timothy Furnish, Kevin T Brumund, Joseph A Califano, Charles S Coffey
OBJECTIVES: Opioids have been overprescribed after general and orthopedic surgeries, but prescribing patterns have not been reported for head and neck surgery. The objectives of this retrospective review are to describe postoperative opioid prescriptions after oral cancer surgery and determine which patients receive higher amounts. METHODS: A single institution retrospective review was performed for 81 adults with oral cavity tumors undergoing surgery. Opioid prescriptions upon discharge were reported in daily oral morphine equivalents (OME)...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744749/thoracoscopic-resection-of-parosteal-lipoma-of-the-rib-using-orthopedic-electric-micro-drill
#3
Tetsuhiko Go, Nariyasu Nakajima, Naoya Yokota, Hiroyasu Yokomise
Parosteal lipoma derived from the rib is extremely rare and is usually resected through open thoracotomy despite its benign nature. A 33-year-old man who had no symptoms was referred to our hospital for treatment of a 30-mm chest wall mass that has slightly increased in size during 2 years of follow-up. En bloc resection of the tumor with parts of the 3rd and 4th ribs was performed through a complete thoracoscopic approach using orthopedic electric micro drill. This was the first report on a case of parosteal lipoma of the rib that was resected by a complete thoracoscopic procedure...
May 9, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731906/expression-level-of-cdc2-gene-in-osteosarcoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#4
Gang Hou, Biying Chen, Wenbin Xu, Huiqing Zhao, Kaihua Liu, Hui Yao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of cell division cycle gene 2 ( CDC2 ) in osteosarcoma tissues and its clinical significance. Specimens of cancer tissues, paracancerous tissues and serum from 47 patients hospitalized at the Department of Orthopedics at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (Guangzhou, China) from January, 2010 to January, 2015 and serum from 35 normal subjects were collected. The expression of CDC2 mRNA was evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the relationship between CDC2 protein expression and clinical features of patients with osteosarcoma was analyzed...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703017/osteochondroma-of-ventral-scapula-associated-with-chest-pain-due-to-rib-cage-compression-a-case-report
#5
Dong-Il Chun, Jae-Ho Cho, In Ho Choi, Young Yi, Jun Yong Kim, Jae Heon Kim, Sung Hun Won
RATIONALE: The scapula is relatively rare site for osteochondroma. Scapula osteochondroma is usually asymptomatic, however it may present with features such as pseudowinging, snapping scapula, bursa formation, chronic pain, and cosmetic deformities. To our best knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature about osteochondroma of ventral scapula associated with chest pain due to rib cage compression. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-year-old boy was transferred to the orthopedic clinic from thoracic surgery department with a complaint of intermittent, dull, and diffuse aching pain around left chest wall and back from the past 2 months...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690812/analysis-of-orthopedic-surgery-of-patients-with-metastatic-bone-tumors-and-pathological-fractures
#6
Resit Sevimli, Mehmet Fatih Korkmaz
Objective This study was performed to determine the most common causes, locations, and treatments of metastasizing primary tumors through evaluation of patients with metastatic bone tumors who were admitted to our clinic. Methods In total, 96 patients with metastatic bone tumors who were admitted to our clinic from 2000 to 2016 were included in the study. Results The breast (30 patients, 31.3%) and lung (18 patients, 18.8%) were the most commonly metastasized primary organs. The femur was the most commonly metastasized bone...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600685/-long-non-coding-rna-for-metabolism-of-bone-tissue
#7
REVIEW
Tie-Feng Guo, Ming-Wang Zhou, Sheng-Hua Li, Bing-Lin Ye, Wei Chen, Zhi-Bin Fu
The mechanism of metabolism of bone and cartilage are one of focus of orthopedic knowledge, and its clinical and basic study plays an important role in preventing and treating osteoporosis, degeneration of bone and joint, bone tumor. At present, the mechanism of metabolism of bone and cartilage studied from protein, signal pathway to mRNA transcription factor regulation. As a new regulatory factor for non-coding proteins, long non-coding RNA(LncRNA) participates in physiological and pathological process. In recent years, a large number of researche showed that LncRNA plays an important role in metabolism of bone and cartilage, and proved LncRNA participates in development and conversion of bone metabolism...
March 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563734/skeletal-metastasis-an-epidemiological-study
#8
Balaji Zacharia, Dhiyaneswaran Subramaniam, Jerin Joy
Metastasis is the commonest bone tumors. The commonest primary metastasis to the bone are the breast, lung, prostate, kidney, and thyroid. The bone is the third common site of metastatic disease, only the lung and the liver have higher metastatic rate than skeleton. We have no epidemiological studies conducted to evaluate the various aspects of skeletal metastasis like age, sex distribution, presentation, common sites of primary and associated secondary metastases, and investigation from Indian subcontinent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556269/leukocyte-depletion-does-not-affect-the-in-vitro-healing-ability-of-platelet-rich-plasma
#9
Ilaria Giusti, Marianna Di Francesco, Sandra D'Ascenzo, Paola Palumbo, Anna Rughetti, Luigi Dell'Orso, Paola Annunziata Varasano, Gabriella Lucidi Pressanti, Vincenza Dolo
The clinical use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) containing or deprived of leukocytes remains a subject of debate and a controversial issue. It is not yet clear whether leukocyte content has a positive or negative effect on tissue healing processes. Several studies, conducted mainly in the orthopedic field, support the use of leukocyte-poor (LP) PRP, whereas other studies have not identified any significant differences between the use of LP and leukocyte-rich PRP. In the present study, the role of leukocytes contained in PRP was assessed to verify their in vitro effect on fibroblasts and endothelial cells, which have a leading role in the biological processes associated with wound healing (including angiogenesis and matrix remodeling)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513251/the-use-of-rifaximin-in-pre-operative-period-of-patients-with-tumors-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-retrospective-study-2013-2016
#10
Nina Moroz, Robert Sitarz, Andrzej Mruk, Robert Bakalarz, Ewa Maciąg, Jakub Litwiński, Ryszard Wierzbicki
ntroduction: One of the most important goals of preparing a patient for elective gastrointestinal cancer surgery is prevention of postoperative complications. The literature gives many ways to prepare for surgery, but only a few suggests that pre-operative use of rifaximin provides benefits in the form of fewer perioperative complications and reduces the severity of pain during this period. O bjective: The presented project is a retrospective analysis of the effectiveness of rifaximin in the prevention of perioperative complications in patients treated in the Unit of General Surgery with the Orthopedic and Urology in the Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Lublin, and a review of international literature in this subject...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486576/excision-of-thoracic-vertebral-chondrosarcoma-after-spinal-decompression
#11
Ayaka Asakawa, Hironori Ishibashi, Masashi Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi Hachimaru, Hirokuni Arai, Kenichi Okubo
A 44-year-old man presented with an abnormal chest shadow. Computed tomography-guided biopsy showed a chondral tumor of the thoracic vertebrae. Five years later, he developed a walking disorder, left leg numbness, and a vesicorectal disorder. Emergency orthopedic spinal decompression was performed. Eight months later, the residual tumor had become larger and was adjacent to the aorta. Prior to thoracotomy, an intraaortic stent was inserted. The 4th and 5th ribs were invaded by the tumor. The entire tumor and chest wall were excised with the aortic adventitia...
May 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478615/neurofibromatosis-type-1
#12
Patrick J Cimino, David H Gutmann
The neurofibromatoses are a group of three heterogeneous disorders that include neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis. NF1 is the most common of these three conditions, and represents one of the most frequently diagnosed cancer predisposition disorders involving the nervous system. While NF1 primarily affects the central and peripheral nervous system, multisystem involvement is the rule, with dermatologic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and orthopedic affectation often reported...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455904/hypoglossal-nerve-paralysis-in-a-child-after-a-dental-procedure
#13
Simona D Marino, Laura Schiavone, Flavia M C La Mendola, Tiziana Timpanaro, Maria Elena Cucuzza, Filippo Greco, Pierluigi Smilari, Agata Fiumara, Andrea Domenico Praticò
Unilateral palsy of the hypoglossal nerve is a rare complication of orthodontic procedures. The main reported causes of HNP are: orthopedic and otorhinolaryngology surgical interventions, and in particular maneuvers involving compression or overstretching of the hypoglossal nerve, dental procedures and traumas, and also infections, motoneuron disorders, tumors, vascular diseases. Diagnosis is usually performed by electrophysiology studies (EMG-VCN), and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful to exclude other causes...
February 6, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453776/syndromic-sebaceous-nevus-current-findings
#14
Oumama El Ezzi, Anthony S de Buys Roessingh, Michèle Bigorre, Guillaume Captier
BACKGROUND: Sebaceous nevus is a congenital malformation of the skin that usually occurs on the scalp or face. Syndromic forms do rarely exist with associated cerebral and ocular malformations. The skin lesions are pale at birth and become irregular by puberty. In the adult patient, tumors (usually benign) develop from sebaceous nevus. Their surgical excision during childhood can give a better result in terms of the definitive scar. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze our cases of syndromic sebaceous hamartoma, perform a review of the existing literature, and propose guidelines for the therapeutic plan...
May 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424905/study-the-relevance-between-inflammatory-factors-and-estradiol-and-their-association-with-knee-osteoarthritis-in-postmenopausal-women
#15
Y-P Liu, J Li, S-B Xin, J X
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether serum levels of inflammatory factors and estradiol (E2) are involved in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 58 randomly patients diagnosed with postmenopausal knee OA that underwent orthopedic surgery from October 2013 to October 2016 in our hospital were selected. These patients, considered as the experimental group, according to the degree of cartilage damage, were divided into light, medium and heavy groups...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422812/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-pyoderma-gangrenosum-associated-with-ulcerative-colitis
#16
Hyun Il Seo, Hyun-Ju Lee, Koon Hee Han
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG), an ulcerating skin condition, is rare in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We report a case of successful treatment of PG in a patient with UC using hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). The patient had UC that was in remission following treatment with mesalazine and azathioprine therapy. After visiting an orthopedic clinic, the patient opted for treatment with antibiotics and daily dressing of the ulcerative skin lesions, while azathioprine was discontinued. However, the lesions did not improve...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409785/high-hydrostatic-pressure-in-cancer-immunotherapy-and-biomedicine
#17
REVIEW
Irena Adkins, Nada Hradilova, Ondrej Palata, Lenka Sadilkova, Lenka Palova-Jelinkova, Radek Spisek
High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) has been known to affect biological systems for >100 years. In this review, we describe the technology of HHP and its effect macromolecules and physiology of eukaryotic cells. We discuss the use of HHP in cancer immunotherapy to kill tumor cells for generation of whole cell and dendritic cell-based vaccines. We further summarize the current use and perspectives of HHP application in biomedicine, specifically in orthopedic surgery and for the viral, microbial and protozoan inactivation to develop vaccines against infectious diseases...
February 1, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406562/synovial-cell-sarcoma-in-a-dog-a-misnomer-cytologic-and-histologic-findings-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Paola Monti, Darren Barnes, Anna M Adrian, Roberta Rasotto
A 4-year-old Irish Setter was presented with a history of progressive left pelvic limb lameness. Orthopedic examination revealed pain on manipulation of the left stifle. Radiographs showed an osteolytic lesion in the subchondral bone of the medial tibial condyle. Fine-needle aspirates were taken, and cytology revealed numerous cohesive clusters of plump, oval to spindloid cells often with perivascular distribution and moderate cellular atypia. A diagnosis of sarcoma was made with synovial cell sarcoma (SCS) and histiocytic sarcoma being the 2 main differentials...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344232/novel-combination-of-paraspinal-keyhole-surgery-with-a-tubular-retractor-system-leads-to-significant-improvements-in-lumbar-intraspinal-extramedullary-schwannomas
#19
Yuandong Zhuang, Gangfeng Cai, Chaofeng Fu, Weiqiang Zhang, Wei Zhao, Rui Wang, Chunhua Wang, Songsheng Shi, Chunmei Chen
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of combining paraspinal keyhole surgery with a tubular retractor system for the microsurgical removal of lumbar intraspinal extramedullary schwannomas. A retrospective analysis was conducted of 56 patients with lumbar intraspinal extramedullary schwannomas who were treated using the microsurgical paraspinal keyhole approach with a tubular retractor system. The mean ± standard deviation was calculated for the following parameters: Surgery time (96...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309463/transformation-of-benign-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-into-epithelioid-angiosarcoma
#20
Carmen E Quatman, John H Alexander, Paul E Wakely, Joel L Mayerson
In this article, we report a case of transformation of a benign giant cell tumor (GCT) of the calcaneus into an epithelioid angiosarcoma. The patient presented to our service in 2003 and was followed until 2014. Transformation occurred 11 years after curettage, cryotherapy, cementation, and a well-documented disease-free interval. Longitudinal radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, and histopathology were evaluated by the same medical team. There are only a few case reports and case series of malignancy associated with GCT of bone...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
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