Read by QxMD icon Read

Non structural protein 3

María E Errasti, Claudia L Natalucci, Néstor O Caffini, Alejandra E Rotelli, Adriana Brullo, Bruno Maras, Sebastián A Trejo, Laura M I López
The primary structure of macrodontain I, a peptidase from Pseudananas macrodontes fruits, was determined using Edman's degradation. The enzyme is a non-glycosylated peptidase composed by 213 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 23,486.18 Da, pI value 6.99, and a molar extinction coefficient at 280 nm of 61,685 M-1  cm-1 . The alignment of the sequence of macrodontain I with those cysteine peptidases from species belonging to the family Bromeliaceae showed the highest identity degree (87.74%) against fruit bromelain...
March 15, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Md Atique Ahmed, Muh Fauzi, Eun-Taek Han
BACKGROUND: Human infections due to the monkey malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is on the rise in most Southeast Asian countries specifically Malaysia. The C-terminal 19 kDa domain of PvMSP1P is a potential vaccine candidate, however, no study has been conducted in the orthologous gene of P. knowlesi. This study investigates level of polymorphisms, haplotypes and natural selection of full-length pkmsp1p in clinical samples from Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 36 full-length pkmsp1p sequences along with the reference H-strain and 40 C-terminal pkmsp1p sequences from clinical isolates of Malaysia were downloaded from published genomes...
March 14, 2018: Malaria Journal
Aruna Narula, Rajan Kumar Pandey, Nazia Khatoon, Amit Mishra, Vijay Kumar Prajapati
Chikungunya infection has been a cause of countless deaths worldwide. Due to lack of permanent treatment and prevention of this disease, the mortality rate remains very high. Therefore, we followed an immunoinformatics approach for the development of multi-epitope subunit vaccine which is able to elucidate humoral, cell-mediated and innate immune responses inside the host body. Both structural and non-structural proteins of chikungunya virus were utilized for prediction of B-cell and T-cell binding epitopes along with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) inducing epitopes...
March 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Jie Huang, G Patricia Casas Garcia, Matthew A Perugini, Archa Fox, Charles Bond, Mihwa Lee
Members of the Drosophila Behavior Human Splicing (DBHS) protein family are nuclear proteins implicated in many layers of nuclear functions, including RNA biogenesis as well as DNA repair. Definitive of the DBHS protein family, the conserved DBHS domain provides a dimerization platform that is critical for the structural integrity and function of these proteins. The three human DBHS proteins - splicing factor proline- and glutamine-rich (SFPQ), paraspeckle component 1 (PSPC1), and non-POU domain-containing octamer binding protein (NONO) - form either homo- or heterodimers; however, the relative affinity and mechanistic details of preferential heterodimerization are yet to be deciphered...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Belén Rebollo, Javier Sarraseca, Mª José Rodríguez, Antonio Sanz, Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Clavero, Ángel Venteo
West Nile virus is a globally spread zoonotic arbovirus. The laboratory diagnosis of WNV infection relies on virus identification by RT-PCR or on specific antibody detection by serological tests, such as ELISA or virus-neutralization. These methods usually require a preparation of the whole virus as antigen, entailing biosafety issues and therefore requiring BSL-3 facilities. For this reason, recombinant antigenic structures enabling effective antibody recognition comparable to that of the native virions, would be advantageous as diagnostic reagents...
February 10, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
M G Herrera, D S Vazquez, R Sreij, M Drechsler, Y Hertle, T Hellweg, V I Dodero
Alpha-gliadin is a highly immunogenic protein from wheat, which is associated with many human diseases, like celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Because of that, gliadin solution is subject to intense biomedical research. However, the physicochemical nature of the employed gliadin solution at physiological pH is not understood. Herein, we present a supramolecular evaluation of the alpha-gliadin protein in water at pH 3.0 by dynamic light scattering (DLS), cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and small-angle-...
February 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Agostinho Lemos, Rita Meloc, Antonio J Preto, Jose G Almeida, Irina S Moreira, M Natalia D S Cordeiro
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a long-term neurodegenative brain disorder that mainly affects the motor system. The causes are still unknown, and even though currently there is no cure, several therapeutic options are available to manage its symptoms. The development of novel anti-parkinsonian agents and an understanding of their proper and optimal use are, indeed, highly demanding. For the last decades, L-3,4-DihydrOxyPhenylAlanine or levodopa (L-DOPA) has been the gold-standard therapy for the symptomatic treatment of motor dysfunctions associated to PD...
March 8, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
Paulo H Jorge, Vito A Mastrochirico-Filho, Milene E Hata, Natália J Mendes, Raquel B Ariede, Milena Vieira de Freitas, Manuel Vera, Fábio Porto-Foresti, Diogo T Hashimoto
The pirapitinga, Piaractus brachypomus (Characiformes, Serrasalmidae), is a fish from the Amazon basin and is considered to be one of the main native species used in aquaculture production in South America. The objectives of this study were: (1) to perform liver transcriptome sequencing of pirapitinga through NGS and then validate a set of microsatellite markers for this species; and (2) to use polymorphic microsatellites for analysis of genetic variability in farmed stocks. The transcriptome sequencing was carried out through the Roche/454 technology, which resulted in 3,696 non-redundant contigs...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Cynthia P Hsu, Behzad Moghadaszadeh, John H Hartwig, Alan H Beggs
The α-actinin proteins are a highly conserved family of actin crosslinkers that mediate interactions between several cytoskeletal and sarcomeric proteins. Non-sarcomeric α-actinin-1 and α-actinin-4 crosslink actin filaments in the cytoskeleton, while sarcomeric α-actinin-2 and α-actinin-3 serve a crucial role in anchoring actin filaments to the muscle Z-line. To assess the difference in turnover dynamics and structure/function properties between the α-actinin isoforms at the sarcomeric Z-line, we used Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching (FRAP) in primary myofiber cultures...
March 8, 2018: Cytoskeleton
Wei Sun, Xiabin Lan, Hao Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwu Dong, Liang He, Ting Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jinhao Liu, Yuan Qin
Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), is a core structural component of paraspeckles and is essential for paraspeckle formation. NEAT1 comprises two different isoforms: NEAT1_1 (3.7 kb) and NEAT1_2 (23 kb). Recently, NEAT1 has been shown to have oncogenic roles and to facilitate tumorigenesis in various human cancers. However, the function of NEAT1 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is not well understood. The relative expression levels of NEAT1_2, ATPase family AAA domain-containing protein 2 (ATAD2), and microRNA-106b-5p (miR-106b-5p) were assessed via quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
March 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Solmaz Karamikamkar, Ehsan Behzadfar, Karen C Cheung
Producing three-dimensional (3-D) multicellular tumor spheroids (TSs) is valuable for characterizing anticancer drugs since they provide a more representative model of the 3-D in vivo tumor than conventional two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer culture. The interaction of tumor cells with the extracellular matrix (ECM) in a 3-D culture environment is more similar to a tumor in vivo than in a 2-D environment; cell-cell and cell-ECM interaction can influence cell behaviour, such as in response to drug treatment. In vitro tumor spheroid models have been developed using microfluidic systems to generate 3-D hydrogel beads containing components of alginate and ECM protein, such as collagen, with high uniformity and throughput...
March 6, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
Chao Niu, Li Yin, Haji Akber Aisa
The extracts of Ficuscarica L. and Psoralen corylifolia L. are traditional Uygur medicines for the treatment of vitiligo, and its active ingredients furocoumarins, were are found to be the most effective agents against this skin disorder nowadays. Therefore, a series of novel easter derivatives ( 8a - 8p ) of furocoumarin were designed and synthesized based on our previous research to improve this activity in the present study. The synthesized derivatives were biologically evaluated for melanin synthesis in murine B16 cells and the SAR (structure-activity relationship) was summarized...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Chris Eckstein, Laura K Acosta, Laura Pol, Elisabet Xifré-Pérez, Josep Pallarès, Josep Ferré-Borrull, Lluis F Marsal
The fluid imbibition-coupled laser interferometry (FICLI) technique has been applied to detect and quantify surface changes and pore dimension variations in nanoporous anodic alumina (NAA) structures. FICLI is a non-invasive optical technique that permits the determination of the NAA average pore radius with high accuracy. In this work, the technique is applied after each step of different surface modification paths of the NAA pores: i) electrostatic immobilization of bovine serum albumin, ii) covalent attachment of streptavidin via (3-aminipropyl)-triethoxysilane and glutaraldehyde grafting and iii) immune complexation...
March 6, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nicholas J Tobias, Annabell Linck, Helge B Bode
Photorhabdus luminescens dedicates a significant proportion of its genome to the production of natural products. These products and the structural variation in their derivatives may occur by a number of well-described mechanisms such as module skipping or precursor promiscuity. Cappable-seq was used to identify transcriptional start sites of many of the gene clusters present in P. luminescens TTO1. We discovered that variation associated with the non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, Kol, that is responsible for kolossin A (1) production, possessed a number of internal transcripts that lead to synthesis of the smaller kolossin derivatives, kolossin B (2) and C (3)...
March 6, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Eva Z Hoseth, Florian Krull, Ingrid Dieset, Ragni H Mørch, Sigrun Hope, Erlend S Gardsjord, Nils Eiel Steen, Ingrid Melle, Hans-Richard Brattbakk, Vidar M Steen, Pål Aukrust, Srdjan Djurovic, Ole A Andreassen, Thor Ueland
The Wnt signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in regulating the function and structure of the adult nervous system. Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental disorders with evidence of subtle neurodevelopmental, structural and functional neuronal abnormalities. We aimed to elucidate the role of aberrant regulation of the Wnt system in these disorders by evaluating plasma levels of secreted Wnt modulators in patients (SCZ = 551 and BD = 246) and healthy controls (HCs = 639) using enzyme immune-assay...
March 6, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Minta Chaiprasongsuk, Chi Zhang, Ping Qian, Xinlu Chen, Guanglin Li, Robert N Trigiano, Hong Guo, Feng Chen
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellins (GAs), salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) exist in methyl ester forms in plants in addition to their free acid forms. The enzymes that catalyze methylation of these carboxylic acid phytohormones belong to a same protein family, the SABATH methyltransferases. While the genes encoding these enzymes have been isolated from a small number of flowering plants, little is known about their occurrence and evolution in non-flowering plants. Here, we report the systematic characterization of the SABATH family from Norway spruce (Picea abies), a gymnosperm...
March 1, 2018: Phytochemistry
Elena S Babaylova, Dmitri M Graifer, Alexey A Malygin, Galina G Karpova
Genomic RNAs of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has an internal ribosome entry site (IRES), a specific highly structured fragment responsible for its non-canonical translation initiation. The HCV IRES contains a major part of the 5'-untranslated region of the viral RNA and a small portion of the open reading frame (ORF). At the first step of initiation, IRES directly binds to 40S ribosomal subunits so that the AUG start codon appears at the P site region without scanning and without involving initiation factors. However, it is still not entirely clear whether the IRES ORF is correctly loaded into the 40S ribosomal mRNA binding channel in the resulting binary complex...
March 1, 2018: Biochimie
Zoltán Kónya, Bálint Bécsi, Andrea Kiss, István Tamás, Beáta Lontay, László Szilágyi, Katalin E Kövér, Ferenc Erdődi
Aralkyl and aryl selenoglycosides as well as glycosyl selenocarboxylate derivatives were assayed on the activity of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and -2A (PP2A) catalytic subunits (PP1c and PP2Ac) in search of compounds for PP1c and PP2Ac effectors. The majority of tested selenoglycosides activated both PP1c and PP2Ac by ∼2-4-fold in a phosphatase assay with phosphorylated myosin light chain substrate when the hydroxyl groups of the glycosyl moiety were acetylated, but they were without any effects in the non-acetylated forms...
February 22, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Dian Peng, Bin Cao, Ying-Jun Zhou, Ya-Qiu Long
The CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is a highly reserved G-protein coupled 7-transmembrane (TM) chemokine receptor which consists of 352 amino acids. CXCR4 has only one endogenous chemokine ligand of CXCL12, besides several other natural nonchemokine ligands such as extracellular ubiquitin and noncognate ligand of MIF. CXCR4 strongly binds to CXCL12 and the resulting CXCLl2/CXCR4 axis is the molecular basis of their various biological functions, which include: (1) mediating immune and inflammatory response; (2) regulation of hematopoietic stem cell migration and homing; (3) an essential co-receptor for HIV entry into host cells; (4) participation in the process of embryonic development; (5) malignant tumor invasion and metastasis; (6) myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke and acute kidney injury...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Lisa Buddrus, Emma S V Andrews, David J Leak, Michael J Danson, Vickery L Arcus, Susan J Crennell
Pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC; EC is a key enzyme in homofermentative metabolism where ethanol is the major product. PDCs are thiamine pyrophosphate- and Mg2+ ion-dependent enzymes that catalyse the non-oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetaldehyde and carbon dioxide. As this enzyme class is rare in bacteria, current knowledge of bacterial PDCs is extremely limited. One approach to further the understanding of bacterial PDCs is to exploit the diversity provided by evolution. Ancestral sequence reconstruction (ASR) is a method of computational molecular evolution to infer extinct ancestral protein sequences, which can then be synthesized and experimentally characterized...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"