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Vocational Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437818/-towards-a-rehabilitation-and-participation-oriented-psychotherapy
#1
Beate Muschalla, Jürgen Bengel, Matthias Morfeld, Ulrike Worringen
Mental disorders (such as recurrent mood disorders, personality disorders, or psychotic disorders) come along with enduring impairment in daily life activities. Therefore psychotherapeutic actions in inpatient or outpatient settings require a life-span and participation-oriented treatment perspective. Participation-oriented treatment aims at social and vocational integration in general life despite enduringly recurring or resting symptoms. According to the model of health problems offered by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, ICF (WHO, 2001), disability can be defined as context-dependent activity impairment due to illness...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#2
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406316/five-year-follow-up-of-persons-with-brain-injury-entering-the-french-vocational-and-social-rehabilitation-programme-ueros-return-to-work-life-satisfaction-psychosocial-and-community-integration
#3
M Cogné, L Wiart, A Simion, P Dehail, J-M Mazaux
BACKGROUND: Social and vocational reintegration of persons with brain injury is an important element in their rehabilitation. AIMS: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of persons with brain injury included in 2008 in the Aquitaine Unit for Evaluation, Training and Social and Vocational Counselling programme (UEROS). METHOD: 57 persons with brain injury were recruited from those who completed the 2008 UEROS programme. Five years later, an interview was done to assess family and vocational status, autonomy and life satisfaction...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404468/assessing-the-impact-of-a-program-for-late-surgical-intervention-in-early-blind-children
#4
A Kalia, T Gandhi, G Chatterjee, P Swami, H Dhillon, S Bi, N Chauhan, S D Gupta, P Sharma, S Sood, S Ganesh, U Mathur, P Sinha
OBJECTIVE: Many blind children in the developing world are unable to obtain timely treatment due to lack of financial and medical resources. Can public health programs that identify and treat such children several years after the onset of blindness enhance their quality of life? The notion that visual development is subject to an early 'critical period' argues against this possibility. However, there are inadequate empirical data from humans on this issue. To address this need, we examined the quality of life of children living in India and who were treated for early-onset blindness (before one year of age), due to cataracts or corneal opacities...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395536/conceptualizing-the-driving-forces-for-successful-rehabilitation-back-to-work
#5
Bodil J Landstad, Yvonne Åhrberg
BACKGROUND: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. METHODS: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382213/integrated-services-and-early-intervention-in-the-vocational-rehabilitation-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#6
Julia Bloom, Pat Dorsett, Vanette McLennan
INTRODUCTION: The design was a narrative review. The objective of the study was to investigate the potential for early vocational rehabilitation (VR) interventions for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in overcoming barriers in returning to work, and to pinpoint factors contributing to effectiveness in early VR intervention for this population. The setting was at Queensland, Australia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Synthesis of the findings of a literature search of online databases ProQuest and CINAHL, using keywords relating to the employment situation and VR of people with SCI...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381155/effects-of-a-nine-month-occupational-intervention-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#7
Birgitta Ojala, Clas-Håkan Nygård, Heini Huhtala, Seppo T Nikkari
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of vocationally outpatient oriented rehabilitation on an intervention group, compared with a control group that did not take part in the intervention. The groups were compared for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by the quantitative indicator RAND 36. Data were obtained by a self-report at baseline and at nine months follow-up. Differences between base-line and follow-up were analyzed within group and between the groups. The study population consisted of 751 municipal employees aged between 26 and 64 years; an intervention with 463 women and 115 men ( n = 578), and a control group with 138 women and 35 men ( n = 173)...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371796/interventions-aiming-to-reduce-early-retirement-due-to-rheumatic-diseases
#8
Pedro Almeida Laires, Miguel Gouveia, Helena Canhão
INTRODUCTION: Aging of the population and early retirement translates into productivity losses to society. Persistence of working life is crucial to counteract this sustainability issue faced by western countries. Musculoskeletal and rheumatic diseases (RD) may cause work disability and early exit from work, including early retirement. The objective of this article is to review the current knowledge about interventions aiming to reduce early retirement due to RD. METHODS: We searched PubMed and The Cochrane Library for studies either in English or Portuguese between January 2000 and June 2016 that evaluated the impact of interventions targeting early retirement in RD patients still at work...
March 5, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368181/the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs
#9
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser, Melanie A Watkins, Carline M Dalton, Heather Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow. This study evaluated the feasibility of implementing an empirically supported cognitive remediation program in routine rehabilitation services at 2 sites. METHOD: The Thinking Skills for Work (TSW) program was adapted for implementation at 2 sites of a large psychiatric rehabilitation agency providing prevocational services, but not community-based vocational services, which were provided off-site...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358525/veterans-individual-placement-and-support-towards-advancing-recovery-methods-and-baseline-clinical-characteristics-of-a-multisite-study
#10
Lori L Davis, Tassos C Kyriakides, Alina Suris, Lisa Ottomanelli, Robert E Drake, Pamela E Parker, Lisa Mueller, Sandra G Resnick, Richard Toscano, Catherine M Blansett, Kimberly P McCall, Grant D Huang
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the methodology and the baseline characteristics of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) enrolled in a multisite trial comparing supported employment individual placement and support (IPS) to a stepwise vocational transitional work program (TWP). METHOD: The Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program randomized 541 veterans with PTSD across 12 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers to either IPS or TWP. Demographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated at baseline...
March 30, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320228/living-as-a-person-using-a-lower-limb-prosthesis-in-nepal
#11
Anna Järnhammer, Beatrice Andersson, Prakash Raj Wagle, Lina Magnusson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore experiences of persons in Nepal using lower-limb prostheses, in relation to specific articles in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities that consider mobility, education, health, rehabilitation, and work and employment. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 persons using lower limb prostheses. Content analysis was applied to the data. RESULTS: Six themes emerged: The lower-limb prosthesis is essential for mobility and daily life; Limited mobility in challenging terrain and request for reduced pain when using prosthesis; Difficulties in finding and sustaining employment emphasized the importance of vocational training; Appreciation of comprehensive rehabilitation together with other persons with amputations, but covering related costs is a struggle; Satisfied with health care, but concerned that it creates debt and dependence upon others; and finally, Limited ability creates negative self-image and varied attitudes in other people...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293979/work-related-difficulties-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-on-predictors-and-associated-factors
#12
Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Davide Sattin, Silvia Schiavolin, Michelle Willems, Alberto Raggi
PURPOSE: To address the content of work-related difficulties and explore which variables are associated to or determinants of these difficulties in persons that suffered from Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). METHOD: Papers published between 1993 and February 2015 were included. Quality was judged as poor, acceptable, good or excellent. Determinants were extracted from longitudinal data, associated variables from cross-sectional data; variables were grouped by similarity...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293978/piloting-an-email-based-resource-package-for-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Christine Migliorini, Ashley Craig, Claire Hutchinson, Deborah Field
PURPOSE: Media-based rehabilitation provides a powerful opportunity to examine vocational behaviors in the disability sector. However, this research is preliminary at best. This paper reports pilot data. METHOD: Eighteen adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) accessed an email-delivered, resource-based package, Work and MS. Pre- and post-access vocational self-efficacy and identity (Job-Procurement Self Efficacy Scale, My Vocational Situation Scale- primary outcomes), life orientation and depressed mood (Life Orientation Test - revised and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 - secondary outcomes) were assessed...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290469/longitudinal-employment-outcomes-of-an-early-intervention-vocational-rehabilitation-service-for-people-admitted-to-rehabilitation-with-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#14
G Hilton, C A Unsworth, G C Murphy, M Browne, J Olver
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort design. OBJECTIVES: First, to explore the longitudinal outcomes for people who received early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR); second, to examine the nature and extent of relationships between contextual factors and employment outcomes over time. SETTING: Both inpatient and community-based clients of a Spinal Community Integration Service (SCIS). METHODS: People of workforce age undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury were invited to participate in EIVR as part of SCIS...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288497/-cancer-and-career-a-qualitative-study-of-job-status-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#15
Lisa Mentschke, Katja Leuteritz, Lisa Daneck, Nora Breuer, Annekathrin Sender, Michael Friedrich, Erik Nowe, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Kristina Geue
Purpose: To examine the impact of cancer on work and education for AYA. Collect information about AYA's return to work/return to study. Methods: 18 AYA (10 female) aged 18 to 39 (m=27 years) at time of diagnosis completed a semi-structured interview. Qualitative content analysis was used to generate results. Results: 11 of 18 AYA had already returned to work/study. Flexible structures and emotional support of colleagues and managers were reported being helpful. 10 AYA planed or had already reduced job tasks, hours of work or further education...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287368/toward-a-successful-vocational-rehabilitation-in-adults-with-disabilities-does-residential-arrangement-matter
#16
F L Fredrik G Langi, Ashmeet Oberoi, Fabricio E Balcazar
The objective of this study was to assess whether successful vocational rehabilitation (that is, obtaining employment) among people with disabilities was affected by residential arrangement. Five groups of residential placement were considered: individuals living in a private residence, community or group residential, correctional and rehabilitation facilities, nursing home/mental health facilities, and homeless/shelter/other type of residential arrangement. The study involved a total of 46,570 vocational rehabilitation consumers aged 18 to 65 at referral in a Midwestern state...
April 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286873/to-take-their-place-among-the-productive-members-of-society-vocational-rehabilitation-of-wwi-wounded-at-erskine
#17
Jennifer Novotny
In 1916, the foundation of the Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers (still in existence today as Erskine), on the banks of the River Clyde in Scotland, was a direct response to the need for specialised medical facilities to deal with the unprecedented number of injured service personnel returning from the Great War. At the hospital, the West of Scotland medical and industrial communities came together to mend broken bodies with prosthetic technology, as well as physical and mental rehabilitation to prepare the limbless to re-enter the job market...
January 17, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271912/provider-identified-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-a-supported-employment-program-in-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Bridget A Cotner, Lisa Ottomanelli, Danielle R O'Connor, John K Trainor
PURPOSE: In a 5-year study, individual placement and support (IPS) significantly increased employment rate of United States Veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI), a historically underemployed population. In a follow-up study, data on barriers and facilitators to IPS implementation were identified. METHODS: Over 24 months of implementation, 82 key medical and vocational staff underwent semi-structured interviews (n = 130). Interviews were digitally recorded and qualitatively analyzed (ATLAS...
March 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263092/suicidal-behavior-and-psychosocial-outcome-in-borderline-personality-disorder-at-8-year-follow-up
#19
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
We sought predictors of both suicidal behavior and psychosocial outcome in subjects with BPD followed for 8 years and asked if there was a relationship between these outcomes. One hundred twenty-three BPD subjects, recruited from inpatient (35.8%), outpatient (30.9%) and community (33.3%) sources, were assessed annually for known risk factors for suicidal behavior. Interval attempts were reported by 25 subjects (20.2%). Increased risk of suicide attempt was associated with negative affectivity, aggression, inpatient recruitment, hospitalizations, minority race, and frequent changes in employment...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218601/my-vocational-situation-mvs-case-example-and-psychometric-review
#20
Kristian P Nitsch, Jessica Pedersen, Alexandra Miliotto, Brett Petersen, Samantha Robbins, Ana Garcia, Molly Ansel Hoisington, Kimberly J The, Jill Smiley, Timothy Janikowski
This case report provides an overview of the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the My Vocational Situation (MVS) instrument. The accompanying hypothetical case description illustrates how clinicians could use the MVS to evaluate vocational preferences and outcomes and how the MVS can be used to inform treatment planning and rehabilitation decision making. The information contained in this report is intended to familiarize clinicians with the administration and scoring of the MVS, the psychometric information necessary to interpret results obtained from the MVS, and how the results could be used to provide comprehensive, patient-centered care...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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