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Vocational Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#1
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661096/employer-attitudes-toward-hiring-persons-with-disabilities-in-armenia
#2
Jonathon Breen, Farinaz Havaei, Cristina Pitassi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this two-part study was to provide input into a strategy to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Armenia. BACKGROUND: Employment rates for persons with disabilities in Armenia have been variously reported between eight and 21%, much below the general employment rate of 82%. METHOD: First, a Participatory Action Research process led to the development of a 15 item self-report measure - the Perceived Barriers to Employing Persons with Disabilities Scale - which was administered to 158 employers...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610409/network-measures-of-collaborative-support-for-young-adults-with-autism
#3
Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick, Paul Shattuck, Kathleen Carley
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of autism requires complex, multimodal interventions, provided by parents and providers across settings. As young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) transition into adulthood, new stakeholders are added to support planning for postsecondary employment. In this article, we investigate the use of dynamic social network measures that describe the resources of young adults throughout transition. METHODS: A longitudinal, dynamic social network survey (Social Dynamics of Intervention [SoDI]) was conceptualized, designed, and conducted as a feasibility test, measuring changes in collaboration among parents and school staff members who provided interventions for children with ASD in 2 urban public schools...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608459/measuring-work-functioning-in-individuals-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-reference-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Annika Sternberg, Matthias Bethge
The assessment of work functioning is important to define needs in the context of vocational rehabilitation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) serves as a framework to describe functioning and health. In reference to the ICF, work functioning can be described as consisting of work activities and work participation. A range of instruments are used in rehabilitation practice to assess work functioning. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify questionnaires measuring work functioning with reference to the ICF and to describe these instruments, their linkage to the ICF, and their psychometric properties...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600688/early-robot-assisted-gait-retraining-in-non-ambulatory-patients-with-stroke-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Andreas Mayr, Ellen Quirbach, Alessandro Picelli, Markus Kofler, Nicola Smania, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Restoration of walking function is a primary concern of neurorehabilitation with respect to the aspired social and vocational reintegration. To date, the best practice for improving gait early after stroke is still object of debate. On one hand, repetitive task-specific approaches with higher intensities of walking have been observed to result in greater improvements of gait after stroke. Conversely there is some evidence that conventional gait training would be more effective for facilitating walking ability after stroke...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590692/-return-to-work-from-vocational-retraininga-long-term-analysis-of-individual-trajectories-biografical-and-structural-conditions-of-success-and-failure
#6
Alexander Meschnig, Ernst von Kardorff, Sebastian Klaus
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study aimed at the reconstruction of the trajectories of participants of a two-year vocational-retraining into new workplaces thereby identifying favourable and risky conditions of the return-to-work process. From a practical point of view the study identified special needs and necessities for after-care facilities. METHODS: A Mixed-Method-Design was used. Quantitatively the follow-up-study included 214 persons who participated for three times on filling out a questionnaire over a period of eighteen months after the end of the vocational retraining...
March 28, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587552/work-disability-negotiations-supervisors-view-of-work-disability-and-collaboration-with-occupational-health-services
#7
Liisa Lappalainen, Juha Liira, Anne Lamminpää, Tanja Rokkanen
PURPOSE: To introduce the Finnish practice of collaboration aiming to enhance work participation, to ask supervisors about its reasons and usefulness, to study supervisors' needs when they face work disability, and to compare the experiences of supervisors whose profiles differ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online questionnaire based on the Finnish practice of collaboration between supervisor and occupational health services (OHS) went to supervisors in six public and private organizations...
March 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569532/the-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-transition-to-work-or-studies-in-young-adults-with-disabilities
#8
Åsa Andersén, Kjerstin Larsson, Ronnie Pingel, Per Kristiansson, Ingrid Anderzén
AIM: To investigate perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults with disabilities, and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study collected data through self-report questionnaires and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project with young adults, aged 19-29 years. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Swedish Public Employment Service and the participating municipalities identified potential participants for the study...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566600/predicting-long-term-global-outcome-after-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-development-of-a-practical-prognostic-tool-using-the-tbi-model-systems-national-database
#9
William Walker, Katherine A Stromberg, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam Sima, Amma A Agyemang, Kristin M Graham, Cynthia L Harrison-Felix, Jeanne Hoffman, Allen W Brown, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Randall Merchant
For patients surviving serious traumatic brain injury (TBI), families and other stakeholders often desire information on long-term functional prognosis, but accurate and easy-to-use clinical tools are lacking. We aimed to build utilitarian decision trees from commonly collected clinical variables to predict Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) functional levels at 1, 2, and 5-years after moderate to severe closed TBI. Flexible classification tree statistical modeling was used on prospectively collected data from the TBI-Model Systems (TBIMS) inception cohort study...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549605/test-retest-reliability-agreement-and-responsiveness-of-productivity-loss-ipcq-vr-and-healthcare-utilization-ticp-vr-questionnaires-for-sick-workers-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#10
Timo T Beemster, Judith M van Velzen, Coen A M van Bennekom, Michiel F Reneman, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
The purpose of this study was to assess test-retest reliability, agreement, and responsiveness of questionnaires on productivity loss (iPCQ-VR) and healthcare utilization (TiCP-VR) for sick-listed workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain who were referred to vocational rehabilitation. Methods Test-retest reliability and agreement was assessed with a 2-week interval. Responsiveness was assessed at discharge after a 15-week vocational rehabilitation (VR) program. Data was obtained from six Dutch VR centers. Test-retest reliability was determined with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cohen's kappa...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521868/older-nurses-experiences-of-providing-direct-care-in-hospital-nursing-units-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#11
Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493832/experiences-of-cancer-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pernilla Garmy, Liselotte Jakobsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors. BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492741/smoking-predicts-food-insecurity-severity-among-persons-living-with-hiv
#13
Jin E Kim-Mozeleski, Janice Y Tsoh, Joseph Ramirez-Forcier, Brett Andrews, Sheri D Weiser, Adam W Carrico
Food insecurity is a key social and health issue among persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Food insecurity oftentimes co-occurs with substance use, but little is known about the relationship between tobacco use and food insecurity particularly among PLHIV. In this study, we prospectively examined the association of cigarette smoking with food insecurity in a cohort of 108 individuals seeking vocational rehabilitation services. Over the 12-month study period, smokers at baseline reported consistently higher levels of food insecurity compared to non-smokers...
February 28, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490371/effect-of-evidence-based-supported-employment-vs-transitional-work-on-achieving-steady-work-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Lori L Davis, Tassos C Kyriakides, Alina M Suris, Lisa A Ottomanelli, Lisa Mueller, Pamela E Parker, Sandra G Resnick, Richard Toscano, Alexandra A Scrymgeour, Robert E Drake
Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often interferes with a person's ability to obtain or sustain employment, which leads to premature exit from the labor force and reduced income. Objective: To determine whether individual placement and support (IPS)-supported employment is more effective than stepwise vocational rehabilitation involving transitional work assignments at helping veterans with PTSD attain steady, competitive employment. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Veterans Individual Placement and Support Toward Advancing Recovery (VIP-STAR) study was a prospective, multisite, randomized clinical trial that included 541 unemployed veterans with PTSD at 12 Veterans Affairs medical centers...
February 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485303/scoping-review-of-resources-for-integrating-evidence-based-supported-employment-into-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#15
Bridget A Cotner, Lisa Ottomanelli, Virginia Keleher, Lynn Dirk
PURPOSE: Individual placement and support (IPS), an evidence-based supported employment (SE) program, has helped Veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI) receiving care in the Veterans Health Administration to obtain work. To facilitate integration of IPS into SCI rehabilitation, resources are needed. A scoping review was conducted to identify tools and resources suitable for providers of SCI care. METHODS: Applying a modified version of Arksey and O'Malley's framework, a scoping review of literature on SE tools or resources was conducted...
February 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480381/factors-associated-with-changes-in-community-ability-and-recovery-after-psychiatric-rehabilitation-a-retrospective-study
#16
Bhing-Leet Tan, Wai-Yee Ng, Jayson Sudhasan, Thomas Chng, Irene Mok, Jimmy Lee
One of the key goals of psychiatric rehabilitation is to return individuals with mental illnesses back into the community via restoration of the necessary skills. This retrospective study seeks to evaluate the factors associated with improvement in community functioning after a period of outpatient rehabilitation. 223 individuals enrolled into three broad rehabilitation groups-clinical, vocational and creative therapies/individual sessions-were included in this study. The Multnomah Community Ability Scale (MCAS) and Milestones of Recovery Scale (MORS) were used to evaluate each individual before and after the rehabilitation programme...
February 26, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462416/navigating-the-health-work-interface-vocational-rehabilitation-in-the-uk
#17
Andrew Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441662/differential-vocational-rehabilitation-service-patterns-and-outcomes-for-transition-age-youth-with-autism
#18
Cahit Kaya, Cheryl Hanley-Maxwell, Fong Chan, Timothy Tansey
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate receipt of vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, service patterns and outcomes for youth with autism, so that limited public resources can be used more efficiently. METHOD: This study used chi-squared automatic interaction detector, and multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate relationships between demographic variables, receipt of VR services and employment outcomes for transition-age youth (TAY) with Autism...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434459/are-comorbid-pain-and-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Swati Mehta, Shannon Janzen, Amanda McIntyre, Jerome Iruthayarajah, Eldon Loh, Robert Teasell
Objective: To examine the difference in functional outcomes and therapy intensity among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) with comorbid depression and pain symptoms compared to those without these symptoms. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 100 patients admitted to a specialized SCI inpatient rehabilitation unit. Standard demographic factors were collected. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those with comorbid depression and pain symptoms and those without. Outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406019/community-reintegration-participation-and-employment-issues-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Gail Powell-Cope
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the signature injury of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and neighboring countries. Although similarities exist between veterans and service members with TBI, levels of severity and different constellations of coexisting comorbid conditions affect them differently. These conditions affect physical, cognitive, and emotional function, which in turn can complicate community reintegration (CR), or the ability to return to family, vocational, and community life...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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