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Vocational Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#2
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with%C3%A2-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#3
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
October 9, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036727/economic-labor-and-regulatory-moderators-of-the-effect-of-individual-placement-and-support-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Justin D Metcalfe, Robert E Drake, Gary R Bond
As Individual Placement and Support (IPS) has become the international standard for vocational rehabilitation of adults with serious mental illness, researchers must consider the relationship between IPS and local environments. This meta-analysis used mixed-effects meta-regressions to assess the impact of site-level moderators on the likelihood that IPS recipients, compared with recipients of alternative vocational services, achieved competitive employment. Potential moderators included change in gross domestic product (GDP), local unemployment and unionization rates, and indices describing employment protection regulations, level of disability benefits compensation, and efforts to integrate people with disabilities into the workforce...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020863/examining-employment-outcomes-of-offender-and-nonoffender-vocational-program-graduates
#5
Dana L Formon, Adam T Schmidt, Craig Henderson
Researchers have found providing employment opportunities for ex-offenders through job training programs to be effective at reducing recidivism. Examining various community-based programs for ex-offenders can be beneficial as they may be able to provide more stable and consistent programming without relying on the justice system. This study examined employment outcomes of graduates with and without criminal histories ( n = 617) from a community-based vocational training program. Results showed that ex-offender graduates obtained employment at equal rates to nonoffender graduates and received equal pay to their nonoffender counterparts...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017504/positive-experiences-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-intervention-for-individuals-on-long-term-sick-leave-the-dirigo-project-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#6
Åsa Andersén, Christian Ståhl, Ingrid Anderzén, Per Kristiansson, Kjerstin Larsson
BACKGROUND: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual's ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients' experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981342/health-services-and-rehabilitation-for-active-duty-service-members-and-veterans-with-mild-tbi
#7
Terri K Pogoda, Charles E Levy, Katherine Helmick, Mary Jo Pugh
OBJECTIVE: We review health services and reintegration practices that contribute to the rehabilitation of US active duty service members (ADSMs) and Veterans who experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially mild TBI (mTBI), as discussed at the 2015 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) TBI State-of-the-Art (SOTA) Conference. METHODOLOGY: We reviewed the state-of-the-art at the time of the previous 2008 TBI SOTA Conference, advances in the field since then, and future directions to address gaps in knowledge...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954505/assessment-of-awareness-of-post-hospital-rehabilitation-need-in-patients-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-after-stroke
#8
Dominika Szalewska, Agnieszka Dudaniec-Tarkowska, Piotr Zieliński
INTRODUCTION: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stroke are the leading causes of mortality and long-term morbidity across the world. Post-hospital rehabilitation (PHR) is strongly recommended in both groups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was assessment of awareness of the PHR need in patients after ACS and after ischaemic stroke (IS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 patients (17 F, 43 M), 62 ± 13.6 years of age, admitted to hospital due to ACS (n=30 pts) or IS (n=30 pts)...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942906/the-underutilization-of-rehabilitation-to-treat-physical-impairments-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
REVIEW
Michael D Stubblefield
Breast cancer survivors can experience multiple neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, pain, and functional disorders as a result of their cancer and its treatment. Common disorders include shoulder dysfunction, postmastectomy syndrome, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, axillary cording, lymphedema, and a host of others. Cancer rehabilitation is a process that helps breast cancer and other survivors to obtain and maintain the highest possible physical, social, psychological, and vocational functioning within the limits created by cancer and its treatments...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941189/efficacy-of-a-work-disability-prevention-program-for-people-with-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-conditions-the-work-it-study-trial
#10
Julie J Keysor, Michael P LaValley, Carrie Brown, David T Felson, Rawan A AlHeresh, Molly W Vaughan, Robert Yood, John I Reed, Saralynn J Allaire
OBJECTIVE: Work disability rates are high among people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal conditions. Effective disability preventive programs are needed. We examined the efficacy of a modified vocational rehabilitation approach delivered by trained occupational therapists and physical therapists on work limitation and work loss over two years among people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal conditions. METHODS: Eligibility criteria for this single-blind parallel-arm randomized trial included 21-65 years of age, 15 or more hours/week employment, self-reported doctor-diagnosed rheumatic or musculoskeletal condition, and concern about staying employed...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929259/vr-employment-outcomes-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-decade-in-the-making
#11
Charlotte Y Alverson, Scott H Yamamoto
This study utilized hierarchical linear modeling analysis of a 10-year extant dataset from Rehabilitation Services Administration to investigate significant predictors of employment outcomes for vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients with autism. Predictor variables were gender, ethnicity, attained education level, IEP status in high school, secondary disability status, and total number of VR services. Competitive employment was the criterion variable. Only one predictor variable, Total Number of VR Services, was significant across all 10 years...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922182/the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy-in-improving-the-cognitive-functioning-of-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-pre-and-post-intervention-study
#12
Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Individuals diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often experience major limitations in returning to work despite participating in rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury experienced improved cognitive functioning after participating in an intervention programme that utilizes the Model of Occupational Self-Efficacy (MOOSE). PARTICIPANTS: Ten (10) individuals who were diagnosed with a mild to moderate brain injury participated in the study...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922177/project-career-an-individualized-postsecondary-approach-to-promoting-independence-functioning-and-employment-success-among-students-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#13
Deborah Minton, Eileen Elias, Phillip Rumrill, Deborah J Hendricks, Karen Jacobs, Anne Leopold, Amanda Nardone, Elaine Sampson, Marcia Scherer, Aundrea Gee Cormier, Aiyana Taylor, Caitlin DeLatte
BACKGROUND: Project Career is a five-year interdisciplinary demonstration project funded by NIDILRR. It provides technology-driven supports, merging Cognitive Support Technology (CST) evidence-based practices and rehabilitation counseling, to improve postsecondary and employment outcomes for veteran and civilian undergraduate students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). GOAL: Provide a technology-driven individualized support program to improve career and employment outcomes for students with TBI...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922174/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-facebook-to-impact-the-knowledge-of-evidence-based-employment-practices-by-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-knowledge-translation-random-control-study
#14
Katherine J Inge, Carolyn W Graham, James W McLaughlin, Doug Erickson, Paul Wehman, Hannah E Seward
BACKGROUND: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience difficulty with obtaining and maintaining employment post-injury. Although vocational rehabilitation (VR) can be one option to provide individuals with TBI support and services to lead to successful employment outcomes, information about these services can be difficult and confusing to navigate. Providing information on evidence-based employment practices to individuals with TBI through social media could be an effective approach...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918734/the-2016-royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-guidelines-for-the-management-of-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders
#15
David J Castle, Cherrie A Galletly, Frances Dark, Verity Humberstone, Vera A Morgan, Eóin Killackey, Jayashri Kulkarni, Patrick McGorry, Olav Nielssen, Nga T Tran, Assen Jablensky
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) clinical practice guidelines for the management of schizophrenia and related disorders provide evidence-based recommendations for optimising treatment and prognosis. This update to the 2005 RANZCP guidelines has a greater emphasis on psychosocial treatments, physical health comorbidities and vocational rehabilitation. Main recommendations: The guidelines advise a clinical staging approach and deliver specific recommendations for:•comprehensive treatment using second generation antipsychotic agents continuously for 2-5 years;•early treatment of comorbid substance use;•community treatment after initial contact, during crises and after discharge from hospital;•physical health monitoring and management of comorbidities, particularly metabolic health;•interventions to optimise recovery of social function and return to study or work; and•management of schizophrenia in specific populations and circumstances...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898402/interventions-for-obtaining-and-maintaining-employment-in-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-a-network-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yvonne B Suijkerbuijk, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Joost C van Mechelen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Marc Corbière, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness show high rates of unemployment and work disability, however, they often have a desire to participate in employment. People with severe mental illness used to be placed in sheltered employment or were enrolled in prevocational training to facilitate transition to a competitive job. Now, there are also interventions focusing on rapid search for a competitive job, with ongoing support to keep the job, known as supported employment. Recently, there has been a growing interest in combining supported employment with other prevocational or psychiatric interventions...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895578/challenges-in-comprehensive-management-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-in-the-asian-spinal-cord-network-region-findings-of-a-survey-of-experts-patients-and-consumers
#17
H S Chhabra, S Sharma, M Arora
STUDY DESIGN: Online survey. OBJECTIVES: To understand the prevailing scenario of the comprehensive management of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in India and in the Asian Spinal Cord Network (ASCoN) region, especially with a view to document the challenges faced and its impact. SETTING: Indian Spinal Injuries Centre. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed which covered various aspects of SCI management. Patients, consumers (spinal injured patients discharged since at least 1 year) and experts in SCI management from different parts of India and the ASCoN region were approached to complete the survey...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887796/enabling-work-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-persons-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882085/psychotherapeutic-and-vocational-interventions-among-young-adults-with-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-in-finland
#19
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Teija Kivekäs, Mika Kivimäki, Aki Koskinen, Marianna Virtanen
Backround: Little is known about treatment and rehabilitation received and planned among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. AIMS: To examine the implemented psychotherapeutic and vocational interventions and treatment plans among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from medical records of young Finnish adults aged 18-34 with a long-term work disability history due to a mental disorder (N = 1163)...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880132/linking-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation-between-the-world-wars-the-r-tait-mckenzie-legacy
#20
John F Ditunno
Spinal cord injury (SCI) medicine emerged after World War II due to mass casualties, which required specialized treatment centers. This approach to categorical care, however, was first developed during World War I, led by pioneers R. Tait McKenzie and George Deaver, who demonstrated that soldiers disabled by paralysis could return to society through fitness/mobility, recreational and vocational training. McKenzie, a Canadian and the first professor of physical therapy in the US, influenced Deaver and military physicians in Britain, Canada, and the U...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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