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Vocational Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441662/differential-vocational-rehabilitation-service-patterns-and-outcomes-for-transition-age-youth-with-autism
#1
Cahit Kaya, Cheryl Hanley-Maxwell, Fong Chan, Timothy Tansey
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate receipt of vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, service patterns and outcomes for youth with autism, so that limited public resources can be used more efficiently. METHOD: This study used chi-squared automatic interaction detector, and multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate relationships between demographic variables, receipt of VR services and employment outcomes for transition-age youth (TAY) with Autism...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434459/are-comorbid-pain-and-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Swati Mehta, Shannon Janzen, Amanda McIntyre, Jerome Iruthayarajah, Eldon Loh, Robert Teasell
Objective: To examine the difference in functional outcomes and therapy intensity among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) with comorbid depression and pain symptoms compared to those without these symptoms. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 100 patients admitted to a specialized SCI inpatient rehabilitation unit. Standard demographic factors were collected. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those with comorbid depression and pain symptoms and those without. Outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406019/community-reintegration-participation-and-employment-issues-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Gail Powell-Cope
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the signature injury of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and neighboring countries. Although similarities exist between veterans and service members with TBI, levels of severity and different constellations of coexisting comorbid conditions affect them differently. These conditions affect physical, cognitive, and emotional function, which in turn can complicate community reintegration (CR), or the ability to return to family, vocational, and community life...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388905/profile-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-implicactions-for-vocational-rehabilitation
#4
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Diphale Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic and socio-economic profiles, and injury related characteristics of people who sustain SCIs in KZN in order to provide baseline information to instigate a model that guides employment outcomes amongst PLWSCI. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical files was done. SETTING: King Dinizulu Hospital Spinal Unit (KDHSU), this being the biggest provider of acute care for people who sustain SCI in KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape Provinces, South Africa was the setting for our study...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382250/the-effect-of-individual-enabling-and-support-on-empowerment-and-depression-severity-in-persons-with-affective-disorders-outcome-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Susann Porter, Ulrika Bejerholm
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of Individual Enabling and Support (IES) on empowerment and depression severity as compared to Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation (TVR) in people with affective disorders at 12 months follow-up. Additionally, longitudinal changes within the intervention groups and the correlation over time between empowerment and depression severity were evaluated. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial of two intervention groups, IES (n = 33) and TVR (n = 28), was performed with measurement points at baseline, 6, and 12 months...
January 30, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379114/comparison-of-focused-cognitive-training-and-portable-brain-games-on-functional-outcomes-for-vocational-rehabilitation-participants
#6
Morris D Bell, Holly Laws, Brian Pittman, Jason K Johannesen
Cognitive remediation performed in a cognitive laboratory was compared with a sham control using portable brain games to study effects on vocational, neurocognitive, and functional outcomes for participants with psychotic disorders in vocational rehabilitation (VR). Seventy-seven participants (61% schizophrenia, 39% other psychosis) in transitional (45.5%) or supported employment (54.5%) were randomly assigned to 6 months of portable cognitive-games (CG) or cognitive remediation (CR) plus a weekly goal-setting group, and evaluated during training, post-training and at 12 months...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#7
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324549/vocational-rehabilitation-for-emergency-services-personnel-a-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Lyndsay Alexander, Kay Cooper
The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map the range of vocational rehabilitation available for law enforcement and emergency services personnel.More specifically, the scoping review questions are.
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318421/strengthened-general-self-efficacy-with-multidisciplinary-vocational-rehabilitation-in-women-on-long-term-sick-leave-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Åsa Andersén, Kjerstin Larsson, Per Lytsy, Erik Berglund, Per Kristiansson, Ingrid Anderzén
Purpose To investigate the effects of two vocational rehabilitation interventions on self-efficacy, for women on long-term sick leave ≥ 1 year due to chronic pain and/or mental illness. Methods This study uses data from a randomised controlled trial consisting of two phases and comprising 401 women on long-term sick leave. They were allocated to either (1) a multidisciplinary team assessment and multimodal intervention (TEAM), (2) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), or (3) control group. Data were collected through repeated measurements from self-reported questionnaires before intervention, 6 and 12 months later and registry data...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318082/a-review-of-a-workers-compensation-database-2003-to-2013-patient-factors-influencing-return-to-work-and-cumulative-financial-claims-after-rotator-cuff-repair-in-geriatric-workers-compensation-cases
#10
Edward Shields, Caroline Thirukumaran, Katia Noyes, Ilya Voloshin
Background: Workers' compensation status is associated with poor outcomes after rotator cuff repair surgery. The purpose of this study was to analyze a database of geriatric workers' compensation patients after surgical repair of the rotator cuff and identify both medical and nonmedical patient factors that influence the time it takes for them to return to work at full duty, including a comparison of arthroscopic and open techniques. Methods: An all workers' compensation database was queried for rotator cuff claims that were surgically managed using arthroscopic, open, or both approaches from 2003 to 2013 in patients aged ≥60...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316832/cost-effectiveness-of-supported-employment-adapted-for-people-with-affective-disorders
#11
Sanjib Saha, Ulrika Bejerholm, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Johan Jarl
OBJECTIVE: The individual enabling and support (IES) model was effective in gaining competitive employment for people with affective disorders compared with traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR) services in a randomized controlled trial in a Swedish setting. The object of this study is to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of IES comparing to TVR. METHODS: We considered the costs of intervention and productivity gain due to increased competitive employment...
January 9, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315926/occupational-status-among-adult-survivors-following-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-childhood
#12
Jeanette Winterling, Eva Johansson, Lena Wettergren, Per Ljungman, Kristina Alexanderson
This study examined occupational status and factors associated with sick leave and disability pension among adult long-term survivors previously treated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) during childhood. Moreover, occupational status was compared to that of a reference group. Data were collected with questionnaires and from medical records. The SCT group included 59 adults (18-45 years old: response rate 63%) treated with allo-SCT in childhood with a median of 17 (range 3-28) years earlier...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302873/analysis-of-time-in-rehabilitation-and-incidence-of-successful-rehabilitation-within-individuals-with-disabilities-receiving-occupational-vocational-training
#13
F L Fredrik G Langi, Fabricio E Balcazar, Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar
Objective To investigate the incidence of successful rehabilitation, defined as 90 successive days in employment, within individuals with disabilities receiving occupational/vocational training (OVT) service. Method The follow-up records between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2012 of 5313 individuals aged 15-55 who obtained OVT in the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program of the State of Illinois were examined. Cox regression models were used to analyze the effect of study factors on VR outcomes. Results After controlling for the other factors, males (incidence ratio [IR] 1...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282650/trajectories-of-return-to-work-among-people-on-sick-leave-with-mood-or-anxiety-disorders-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lone Hellström, Trine Madsen, Merete Nordentoft, Per Bech, Lene Falgaard Eplov
Purpose The return to work (RTW) of people with mood and anxiety disorders is a heterogeneous process. We aimed to identify prototypical trajectories of RTW over a two-year period in people on sick leave with mood and anxiety disorders, and investigate if socio-demographic or clinical factors predicted trajectory membership. Methods We used data from the randomized IPS-MA trial (n = 283), evaluating a supported employment intervention for participants with recently diagnosed mood or anxiety disorders. Information on "weeks in employment in the past 6 months" was measured after 1/2, 1, 1 ½ and 2 years, using data from a nationwide Danish register (DREAM)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234956/work-participation-among-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-a-meta-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Cecilie Nørby Thisted, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Bjerrum
Purpose The aim was to aggregate knowledge about the opportunities, challenges and need for support employees with common mental disorders experience in relation to work participation in order to develop recommendations for practice. Methods A meta-synthesis was conducted using a meta-aggregative approach to accurately and reliably present findings that could be used to meet our aim. Qualitative inductive content analysis was used to analyze and synthesize the findings. Results In all, 252 findings were extracted from 16 papers, and six categories were generated and aggregated into two synthesized findings...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197414/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-depression-and-anxiety-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rie Poulsen, Andreas Hoff, Jonas Fisker, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are among the largest contributors to the global burden of disease and have negative effects on both the individual and society. Depression and anxiety are very likely to influence the individual's work ability, and up to 40% of the people on sick leave in Denmark have depression and/or anxiety. There is no clear evidence that treatment alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery in this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other, similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197404/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-exhaustion-disorder-adjustment-disorder-and-distress-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Rie Poulsen, Jonas Fisker, Andreas Hoff, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are important contributors to the global burden of disease and cause negative effects on both the individual and society. Stress-related disorders influence the individual's workability and cause early retirement pensions in Denmark. There is no clear evidence that mental health care alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery for this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183101/-the-significance-of-work-motivation-for-rehabilitation-success
#19
Franziska Kessemeier, Christiane Stöckler, Franz Petermann, Markus Bassler, Wolfgang Pfeiffer, Axel Kobelt
Aim of this study Apart from the reduction of symptoms and the restoration of working ability, return to work is a long-term goal of medical rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of work motivation on the outcome of rehabilitation. Methods The data basis consists of N=998 patients at the psychosomatic department of the Oberharz Rehabilitation Center as well as data from insurance accounts. Using multiple linear regression analysis the predictive power of work motivation on rehabilitation outcome as well as different facets of work motivation in their function as predictors are analyzed...
November 28, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183040/oncological-rehabilitation
#20
Oliver Rick, Timm Dauelsberg, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps
An increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer due to improvements in detection and treatment. However, patients who survive cancer may experience functional disabilities that impact on health, quality of life and ability to work. For example, physical disorders may include fatigue, reduced muscle strength, cognitive dysfunction, paresthesia or nutrition problems, while mental symptoms may include anxiety, depression, fear of relapse or insomnia. Multidimensional oncological rehabilitation programs have been developed to address these disabilities and to help cancer patients and long-term survivors to reduce morbidity and to improve quality of life...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
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