keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health reform

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673888/quantifying-the-burden-of-out-of-pocket-health-expenditure-in-india
#1
R Thakur, S Sangar, B Ram, M Faizan
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at analyzing the dimensions of the burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure in rural and urban India between 1999-2000 and 2011-2012. STUDY DESIGN: Consumer Expenditure Survey data of the National Sample Survey for the period of 1999-2000 (55th round), 2004-2005 (61st round), and 2011-2012 (68th round) have been used in this study. METHODS: To analyze the dimension of OOP healthcare expenditure, this study has used headcount measure, which includes change in the percentage of population paying OOP health expenditure, concentration index of headcount, rank-weighted headcount, and gap measures, which includes average per capita gap (health expenditure), mean positive gap, concentration index, and rank-weighted gap for rural, urban, and all India level between 1999-2000 and 2011-2012...
April 16, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673255/reducing-muslim-mammography-disparities-outcomes-from-a-religiously-tailored-mosque-based-intervention
#2
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Syeda Akila Ally, Michael Quinn, Stephen Hall, Monica Peek
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design of, and participant-level outcomes related to, a religiously tailored, peer-led group education program aimed at enhancing Muslim women's mammography intention. METHOD: Using a community-engaged approach and mixed methods, we identified and addressed barrier beliefs impeding mammography screening among Muslim American women. Our religiously tailored, mosque-based, peer-led intervention involved facilitated discussions and expert-led didactics conveying health-related religious teachings, and information about the benefits and process of mammography...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671716/payment-models-in-the-era-of-health-care-reform-and-population-health
#3
Rachel Nash, David B Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671132/effects-of-county-public-hospital-reform-on-procurement-costs-and-volume-of-antibiotics-a-quasi-natural-experiment-in-hubei-province-china
#4
Yuqing Tang, Chaojie Liu, Junjie Liu, Xinping Zhang, Keyuan Zuo
BACKGROUND: The overuse of antibiotics has become a major public health challenge worldwide, especially in low- and middle-income countries, including China. In 2009, the Chinese government launched a series of measures to de-incentivise over-prescription in public health facilities, including decoupling the link between facility income and the sale of medicines. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effects of these measures on procurement costs and the volume of antibiotics in county public hospitals...
April 18, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669968/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-v
#5
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667209/narratives-of-illness-and-offending-mentally-disordered-offenders-views-on-their-offending
#6
Jeremy Dixon
Narratives have been used in both the sociology of health and illness and in criminology to examine how groups of people present themselves in moral terms. This article focuses on the narratives of offenders with mental health problems in England subject to section 37/41 of the Mental Health Act 1983 to examine how they justified offending prior to admission. Participants presented illness in a variety of different ways indicating a range of moral positions towards offending. In line with previous research a first group used mental illness to excuse offending and saw themselves as achieving moral reform through treatment...
April 18, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664667/food-security-and-its-related-factors-in-the-rural-households-of-bam-city-in-iran-a-logistic-regression-model-approach
#7
Saeed Khodabakhshzadeh, Samira Amirzadeh Moradabadi, Sadegh Khodabakhshzadeh, Mohammad Baniasadi, Touraj Harati Khalilabad
Awareness of the food security status of rural population and its influencing factors is essential for policy makers, public health institutions and the development of rural programs. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 on 384 rural households in Bam city. The data was collected via the 6-item USDA questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between social, economic and health factors with food security. The results indicate that 35.67% of households had full food security status, 24...
January 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664181/experiences-from-the-frontline-an-exploration-of-personal-advisers-practice-with-claimants-who-have-health-related-needs-within-uk-welfare-to-work-provision
#8
Jenny Ceolta-Smith, Sarah Salway, Angela Mary Tod
Recent UK welfare reforms have been less successful than expected by the Government in supporting unemployed people with long-term illness into work. Frontline workers remain a core element of the new welfare-to-work machinery, but operate within a changed organisational and policy landscape. These changes raise important questions regarding whether and how claimants' health-related barriers to work are considered. This paper examines the UK welfare-to-work frontline worker's role with claimants who have long-term illness...
April 17, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663571/did-adolescents-in-norway-respond-to-the-elimination-of-copayments-for-general-practitioner-services
#9
Camilla Beck Olsen, Hans Olav Melberg
Copayments for primary care services may lead to decreased access to and underconsumption of necessary health care for vulnerable patient groups, such as adolescents. In Norway, in 2010, adolescents aged 12 to 15 years were exempted from copayments for general practitioner (GP) services, and the aim of this study is to estimate whether being exempted from copayments led to increases in GP visits. We apply the synthetic control method using the elastic net regression as a data-driven approach to construct a relevant counterfactual from our pool of age groups not affected by the reform...
April 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662695/impact-of-a-health-system-strengthening-intervention-on-maternal-and-child-health-outputs-and-outcomes-in-rural-rwanda-2005-2010
#10
Dana R Thomson, Cheryl Amoroso, Sidney Atwood, Matthew H Bonds, Felix Cyamatare Rwabukwisi, Peter Drobac, Karen E Finnegan, Didi Bertrand Farmer, Paul E Farmer, Antoinette Habinshuti, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Anatole Manzi, Peter Niyigena, Michael L Rich, Sara Stulac, Megan B Murray, Agnes Binagwaho
Introduction: Although Rwanda's health system underwent major reforms and improvements after the 1994 Genocide, the health system and population health in the southeast lagged behind other areas. In 2005, Partners In Health and the Rwandan Ministry of Health began a health system strengthening intervention in this region. We evaluate potential impacts of the intervention on maternal and child health indicators. Methods: Combining results from the 2005 and 2010 Demographic and Health Surveys with those from a supplemental 2010 survey, we compared changes in health system output indicators and population health outcomes between 2005 and 2010 as reported by women living in the intervention area with those reported by the pooled population of women from all other rural areas of the country, controlling for potential confounding by economic and demographic variables...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660766/disparities-in-out-of-pocket-inpatient-expenditures-in-rural-shaanxi-province-western-china-from-2011-to-2014-a-time-series-analysis
#11
Caijun Yang, Wenfang Cai, Zongjie Li, Yu Fang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term trend of disparity of monthly average out-of-pocket inpatient expenditures (OOP) between areas with different developing levels since the new health care reform. METHODS: Time series regression was used to assess the trend of disparities of OOP and monthly average inpatient expenditures (AIE) between areas with different developing levels in rural Shaanxi Province, western China. The data of OOP and AIE in primary health institutions, secondary hospitals, tertiary hospitals and also all levels of the hospital were analyzed separately covering the period 2011 through to 2014...
April 16, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660573/midwifery-in-iceland-from-vocational-training-to-university-education
#12
Olof A Olafsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Berglind Halfdansdottir, Helga Gottfredsdottir
Midwifery education is a foundation for health professionals' competence in providing quality healthcare for the benefit of women, their families and society. This paper describes midwifery and the development of midwifery education in Iceland. It examines policy and extensive reforms, from hospital-based vocational training in midwifery to an academic university education, and the impact on the scope of midwifery practice in Iceland. The university-based programme, with its emphasis on autonomy of the midwife, seems to have affected the context of home birth and strengthened midwives' role in primary healthcare...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657242/diagnosis-related-group-drg-based-case-mix-funding-system-a-promising-alternative-for-fee-for-service-payment-in-china
#13
Cuirong Zhao, Chao Wang, Chengwu Shen, Qian Wang
Fee for services (FFS) is the prevailing method of payment in most Chinese public hospitals. Under this retrospective payment system, medical care providers are paid based on medical services and tend to over-treat to maximize their income, thereby contributing to rising medical costs and uncontrollable health expenditures to a large extent. Payment reform needs to be promptly implemented to move to a prospective payment plan. The diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based case-mix payment system, with its superior efficiency and containment of costs, has garnered increased attention and it represents a promising alternative...
April 15, 2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652822/taking-a-gamble-for-high-rewards-management-perspectives-on-the-value-of-mental-health-peer-workers
#14
Louise Byrne, Helena Roennfeldt, Peri O'Shea, Fiona Macdonald
Mental health peer work is attracting growing interest and provides a potentially impactful method of service user involvement in mental health design and delivery, contributing to mental health reform. The need to effectively support this emerging workforce is consequently increasing. This study aimed to better understand the views of management in relation to peer work and specifically explores the value of peer work from the perspective of management. This qualitative research employed grounded theory methods...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652472/new-class-of-hybrid-materials-for-detection-capture-and-on-demand-release-of-carbon-monoxide
#15
Anaïs Pitto-Barry, Alexandru Lupan, Christopher Ellingford, Amr A A Attia, Nicolas P E Barry
Carbon monoxide (CO) is both a substance hazardous to health and a side product of a number of industrial processes, such as methanol steam reforming and large-scale oxidation reactions. The separation of CO from nitrogen (N2 ) in industrial processes is considered to be difficult because of the similarities of their electronic structures, sizes, and physicochemical properties (e.g., boiling points). Carbon monoxide is also a major poison in fuel cells because of its adsorption onto the active sites of the catalysts...
April 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651321/specialty-training-in-family-medicine-in-montenegro-an-evaluation-of-the-programme-by-the-first-generation-of-trainees
#16
Marija Petek Šter, Ljiljana Cvejanov Kezunović, Milena Cojić, Davorina Petek, Igor Švab
Introduction: One of the aims of health care reform in Montenegro is to strengthen primary care. An important step forward is the implementation of specialty training in family medicine (FM). The aim of this article is to evaluate the implementation of specialty training in family medicine in Montenegro, regarding the content, structure and methods, by the first generation of trainees and the coordinator of the training. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by mail in July and August 2017 to all 26 eligible trainees who started specialty training in 2013...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650619/nursing-role-in-well-child-care-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Jolanda Turley, Jaclyn Vanek, Sharon Johnston, Doug Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare well-child care (WCC) in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK), focusing on the role of nurses and their interactions with other primary care providers in order to derive relevant lessons for Canada's interprofessional primary care teams. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched broadly using the search terms well child care, nursing role, and delivery of care and other synonymous terms. In addition, Google Scholar was used to search for gray literature, and reference mining revealed a few other relevant articles...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#18
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649407/undermining-the-aca-through-the-executive-branch-and-federalism-what-the-trump-administration-s-approach-to-health-reform-means-for-older-americans
#19
David K Jones, Michael K Gusmano, Pamela Nadash, Edward Alan Miller
The ACA has survived multiple existential threats in the legislative and judicial branches, including dozens of congressional attempts at repeal and two major Supreme Court cases. Even as it seems that the ACA is here to stay, what the law accomplishes is far from settled. The Trump administration is using executive powers to weaken the law, in many cases the same powers that President Obama used to strengthen the effects of the reform. States have responded by seeking flexibility to pursue reforms, such as work requirements, that could not pass Congress and that were not allowed by the Obama administration...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629922/medicaid-managed-care-in-florida-and-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-preventable-emergency-department-visits
#20
Tianyan Hu, Karoline Mortensen, Jie Chen
BACKGROUND: In an effort to address health care spending growth, coordinate care, and improve access to primary care in the Medicaid program, Florida implemented the Statewide Mandatory Managed Care (SMMC) program in May of 2014. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of implementation of mandatory managed care in Medicaid on the preventable emergency department (ED) utilizations, with a focus on racial/ethnic minorities. RESEARCH DESIGN: The primary data source is the universe of Florida ED visit and inpatient discharge data from 2010 to 2015, maintained by the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration...
April 7, 2018: Medical Care
keyword
keyword
5412
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"