keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disinhibit eat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183003/high-disinhibition-restrained-eaters-are-disinhibited-by-self-regulatory-depletion-in-the-food-related-inhibitory-control
#1
Yizhou Zhou, Xiao Gao, Hong Chen, Fanchang Kong
Restrained eating for weight control and loss is becoming highly prevalent in many affluent societies, while most of the restrained eaters are rather unsuccessful in the long term. According to the strength model of self-control, the disinhibition effect of restrained eaters may occur after the depletion of self-control resources. However, no work has examined the direct impact of self-control resources on inhibitory control ability of restrained eaters. This study investigated the influences of self-control resources on the food-related inhibitory control among high-restraint/low-disinhibition restrained eaters, high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters and unrestrained eaters using stop signal task...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131005/rigid-dietary-control-flexible-dietary-control-and-intuitive-eating-evidence-for-their-differential-relationship-to-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns
#2
Jake Linardon, Sarah Mitchell
This study aimed to replicate and extend from Tylka, Calogero, and Daníelsdóttir (2015) findings by examining the relationship between rigid control, flexible control, and intuitive eating on various indices of disordered eating (i.e., binge eating, disinhibition) and body image concerns (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, body checking, and weight-related exercise motivations). This study also examined whether the relationship between intuitive eating and outcomes was mediated by dichotomous thinking and body appreciation...
January 23, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#3
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043857/identifying-eating-behavior-phenotypes-and-their-correlates-a-novel-direction-toward-improving-weight-management-interventions
#4
Sofia Bouhlal, Colleen M McBride, Niraj S Trivedi, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Susan Persky
Common reports of over-response to food cues, difficulties with calorie restriction, and difficulty adhering to dietary guidelines suggest that eating behaviors could be interrelated in ways that influence weight management efforts. The feasibility of identifying robust eating phenotypes (showing face, content, and criterion validity) was explored based on well-validated individual eating behavior assessments. Adults (n = 260; mean age 34 years) completed online questionnaires with measurements of nine eating behaviors including: appetite for palatable foods, binge eating, bitter taste sensitivity, disinhibition, food neophobia, pickiness and satiety responsiveness...
April 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013450/post-implant-analysis-of-epidemiologic-and-eating-behavior-data-related-to-weight-loss-effectiveness-in-obese-patients-treated-with-gastric-electrical-stimulation
#5
I Alarcón Del Agua, M Socas-Macias, L Busetto, A Torres-Garcia, A Barranco-Moreno, P P Garcia de Luna, S Morales-Conde
OBJECTIVE: To determine possible preoperative predictors for obtaining clinically meaningful weight loss with gastric electrical stimulation (GES) using the "Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire" (TFEQ) as well as epidemiological data. METHODS: Ninety-seven obese participants in a prospective multicenter randomized study conducted in nine European centers were implanted laparoscopically with the abiliti® closed-loop GES system (CLGES). Five clinical variables and three preoperative TFEQ factor scores (F1-cognitive-restraint, F2-disinhibition, and F3-hunger) were analyzed in order to determine predictors of weight loss success defined as excess weight loss (EWL) > 30% and failure defined as EWL < 20% at 12 months post-surgery...
December 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989381/dietary-patterns-at-4-years-old-association-with-appetite-related-eating-behaviours-in-7-year-old-children
#6
Gabriela Albuquerque, Carla Lopes, Catarina Durão, Milton Severo, Pedro Moreira, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A possible relationship between children's dietary intake and certain aspects of eating behaviours has been documented, but most studies are cross-sectional and do not consider the complexity of the diet. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between dietary patterns established at 4 years old and appetite-related eating behaviours identified at 7 years old. METHODS: Participants are children from the Generation XXI population-based birth cohort...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987433/food-cravings-prospectively-predict-decreases-in-perceived-self-regulatory-success-in-dieting
#7
Adrian Meule, Anna Richard, Petra Platte
Food cravings are assumed to hamper dieting success, but most findings are based on cross-sectional studies. In the current study, female students were tested at the beginning of their first semester at university and six months later. They completed the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait-reduced (FCQ-T-r), the disinhibition subscale of the Eating Inventory, and the Perceived Self-Regulatory Success in Dieting Scale, and their height and weight were measured. Scores on the FCQ-T-r prospectively predicted higher disinhibition and lower perceived self-regulatory success in dieting after six months...
December 9, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940310/acute-hunger-modifies-responses-on-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-hunger-and-disinhibition-but-not-restraint-scales
#8
Martin R Yeomans, Keri McCrickerd
It is widely assumed that responses on the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) represent long-term (trait) attitudes to eating behaviour. However, the questionnaire requires agreement with a number of food related statements, and it is possible that some are easier to agree with when assessed hungry than sated. To test this potential state-dependency, participants completed a 100 mm visual analogue scale rating of their current hunger at the time they completed the TFEQ. Data were collected from two cohorts: Cohort 1 (507 women and 119 men) completed both measures on paper, while the hunger rating was computerised in Cohort 2 (179 women)...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939774/exploring-food-reward-and-calorie-intake-in-self-perceived-food-addicts
#9
Helen K Ruddock, Matt Field, Charlotte A Hardman
Previous research indicates that many people perceive themselves to be addicted to food. These 'self-perceived food addicts' may demonstrate aberrant eating patterns which put them at greater risk of overeating. However this is yet to be empirically investigated. The current study investigated whether self-perceived food addicts would exhibit higher food reward and calorie intake in a laboratory context relative to self-perceived non-addicts. A secondary aim was to investigate whether self-perceived food addicts would demonstrate increased food liking and/or increased hunger ratings...
December 7, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939700/is-the-link-between-depressed-mood-and-heart-rate-variability-explained-by-disinhibited-eating-and-diet
#10
Hayley A Young, Alecia L Cousins, Heather T Watkins, David Benton
Consistently it has been reported that a depressed mood and low heart rate variability (HRV) are linked. However, studies have not considered that the association might be explained by dietary behaviour. The resting inter-beat interval data of 266 adults (Study 1: 156 (51M), Study 2: 112 (38M)) were recorded for six minutes and quantified using linear (HF power: 0.15-0.4Hz) and nonlinear indices (Sample entropy). Participants also completed the Profile of Mood States and the Three Factor Eating questionnaires...
December 8, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914028/suboptimal-weight-loss-and-weight-regain-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-postoperative-status-of-energy-intake-eating-behavior-physical-activity-and-psychometrics
#11
Tina Amundsen, Magnus Strømmen, Catia Martins
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal weight loss (SWL) and weight regain (WR) after gastric bypass surgery (GB) remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare GB patients experiencing SWL or significant WR (SigWR) with successful controls, regarding postoperative food intake, eating behavior, physical activity (PA), and psychometrics. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with >1 year post-surgery were classified as either experiencing SWL (excess body weight loss, EWL, <50%, n = 22) or SigWR (total weight regain ≥15%, n = 38), with respective control groups...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851989/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-during-childhood-predicts-self-reported-binge-eating-in-adolescence
#12
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the current study were to examine whether eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) at age 7 predicted reports of self-reported binge eating at age 15 and to identify factors among girls with high-EAH that moderated risk of later binge eating. METHOD: Subjects included 158 girls assessed at age 7 and age 15. Logistic regression was used to predict binge eating at age 15 from calories consumed during EAH at age 7. A series of logistic regressions were used to examine the odds of reporting binge eating given levels of risk factors (e...
January 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847684/longitudinal-change-in-everyday-function-and-behavioral-symptoms-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#13
Claire M O'Connor, Lindy Clemson, Michael Hornberger, Cristian E Leyton, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Eneida Mioshi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between behavioral changes and functional decline in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is not well understood. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (21 behavioral variant FTD [bvFTD], 18 semantic variant primary progressive aphasia [svPPA]) were followed up longitudinally (2-4 years follow-up). Functional (Disability Assessment for Dementia) and behavioral (Cambridge Behavioural Inventory Revised) assessments were included for between-group (pairwise comparisons, mixed model analysis) and within-group analyses (bivariate correlations)...
October 2016: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831627/-pathological-gambling-and-epilepsy-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-two-case-reports
#14
Sheila Castro-Suarez, Peggy Martinez, María Meza
Frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder of which the behavioral variant is most common. This condition is currently considered the most common cause of dementia in people younger than 60 years. Here, we present two unrelated cases in which the typical symptoms were cognitive and behavioral progressive deterioration and psychiatric disorders such as disinhibition, impulsive acts, apathy, lack of empathy, stereotypies, and changes in eating habits. The first case exhibited pathological gambling as the initial symptom and resided in a psychiatric facility for a year...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819466/the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-adolescence-and-its-common-personality-and-cognitive-correlates
#15
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Frederic N Brière, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Jean-Luc Martinot, Frauke Nees, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Marcella Rietschel, Michael N Smolka, Trevor W Robbins, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Patricia Conrod
The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling to model the structure of psychopathology in an adolescent community-based sample (N = 2,144) including conduct disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance use, anxiety, depression, phobias, and other emotional symptoms, assessed at 16 years...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812382/internal-disinhibition-predicts-5-year-weight-regain-in-the-national-weight-control-registry-nwcr
#16
J Lillis, J G Thomas, H Niemeier, R R Wing
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for most individuals. One potential innovative target is internal disinhibition (ID) or the tendency to eat in response to negative thoughts, feelings or physical sensations. Individuals high on ID do worse on average in standard behavioural treatment programmes, and recent studies suggest that disinhibition could play a significant role in weight regain. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine whether ID was associated with weight change over 5 years of follow-up in the National Weight Control Registry, a registry of individuals who have successfully lost weight and maintained it...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793573/are-overeating-and-food-addiction-related-to-distress-tolerance-an-examination-of-residents-with-obesity-from-a-u-s-metropolitan-area
#17
Andrea T Kozak, Jessica Davis, Ryan Brown, Matthew Grabowski
OBJECTIVE: Low distress tolerance (DT) is an inability to handle negative emotions. There is strong support for the connection between low DT and substance addiction, which suggests that the former might be related to food addiction (FA). Previous work found that low DT was related to overeating in a college sample. The current study had two primary aims: (1) to determine whether low DT is associated with overeating in a sample of participants with diverse races and incomes, and (2) to investigate the relationships among DT and body mass index (BMI) as well as DT and FA symptoms...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769552/early-life-characteristics-associated-with-appetite-related-eating-behaviors-in-7-year-old-children
#18
Gabriela Albuquerque, Milton Severo, Andreia Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To assess early life characteristics associated with appetite-related eating behaviors in 7-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: The participants are children from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI. Data on sociodemographics, health, and lifestyles and anthropometrics were collected at birth, and 4- and 7-year-old evaluations. A Portuguese version of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire was completed by mothers (n = 3562 children) with children aged 7 years old...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761024/eating-disinhibition-and-vagal-tone-moderate-the-postprandial-response-to-glycemic-load-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Hayley A Young, Heather Watkins
Reducing the glycemic load (GL) of the diet may benefit appetite control but its utility is complicated by psychological influences on eating. Disinhibited behaviour, a risk factor for overconsumption, is characterized by reduced prefrontal cortex activity, which in turn modulates vagal tone; a phenomenon associated with glucoregulation. This double blind randomised controlled trial explored for the first time the influence of disinhibited eating and vagal tone (heart rate variability (HRV)) on hunger and the postprandial response to GL...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748785/diabetes-health-profile-18-is-reliable-valid-and-sensitive-in-singapore
#20
Maudrene Ls Tan, Eric Yh Khoo, Konstadina Griva, Yung Seng Lee, Mohamed Amir, Yasmin Lm Zuniga, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Hwee Lin Wee
INTRODUCTION: The Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) measures diabetes-related psychological well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It includes 3 subscales: psychological distress (PD), barriers to activity and disinhibited eating. The psychometric properties of the DHP have not been evaluated in Asia. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the DHP in multiethnic Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 to 65 diagnosed with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for at least 1 year were recruited from a diabetes outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
keyword
keyword
54115
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"