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Overeat binge

Massimiliano Aragona, Daniela Pucci, Andrea Balbi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a multidisciplinary, intensive and integrated day-hospital treatment was evaluated in a group of overeaters (bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, obesity without binging). METHODS: The study sample included 72 subjects consecutively admitted to DH who were evaluated at the first contact with the service, on admission, after 5 weeks of treatment, and at discharge. The primary outcome was the total score at the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and the secondary outcome was change in body mass index (BMI)...
July 2013: Rivista di Psichiatria
Rui Poínhos, Bruno M P M Oliveira, Flora Correia
Our aim was to determine prototypical patterns of eating behaviour among Portuguese higher education students, and to relate these patterns with BMI. Data from 280 higher education students (63.2% females) aged between 18 and 27 years were analysed. Several eating behaviour dimensions (emotional and external eating, flexible and rigid restraint, binge eating, and eating self-efficacy) were assessed, and eating styles were derived through cluster analysis. BMI for current, desired and maximum self-reported weights and the differences between desired and current BMI and between maximum and current BMI were calculated...
December 2013: Appetite
Michelle Dalton, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: The psychological characteristics of binge eating have been proposed as a phenotype to further understanding of overconsumption and susceptibility to obesity. This study examined the influence of trait binge eating in lean and overweight or obese women on appetite, food reward and energy intake. METHODS: 25 lean and 25 overweight or obese women were categorised as either 'binge type' or 'non-binge type' based on their scores on the Binge Eating Scale...
2013: Obesity Facts
Johann F Kinzl, Christoph Maier, Angelika Bösch
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of individuals who are overweight or obese has increased dramatically over the past decades, especially in high-income countries. However, the success rates of conservative therapies in morbidly obese patients are poor. Consequently, bariatric surgery is the treatment of choice for morbid obesity. Because many obese individuals who seek professional help show a high co-morbidity of mental disorders, including eating disorders, and psychosocial problems, a psychological evaluation before bariatric surgery is deemed...
2012: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Pnina Hertz, Moshe Addaad, Natti Ronel
In Overeaters Anonymous (OA), the 12-step self-help program for compulsive overeaters, binge eating is regarded as a physical, spiritual, and emotional disorder. Consequently, the program proposes recovery through the adoption of a lifestyle that leads to physical, spiritual, and emotional well-being. A qualitative phenomenological study that focused on the emotional recovery of OA members was conducted. Personal narratives were obtained through semistructured in-depth interviews. It was found that the tools used for spiritual and emotional work at OA are essential to recovery...
May 2012: Health & Social Work
Michael Michaelides, Panayotis K Thanos, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang
Obesity and binge-eating disorder (BED) frequently arise in adolescence, which is a critical developmental time period where self-regulatory processes are formed. Indeed, both obesity and BED are thought to arise partly due to deficits in self-regulatory processes (i.e. lack of inhibitory control to overeat or binge). Recent neuroimaging studies have implicated the frontal cortex, a brain region involved in regulating inhibitory-control, and the striatum, which is thought to be involved in food reward, satiety and pleasure, in mediating responses to food cues and feeding in normal-weight individuals as well as obese and BED subjects...
June 2012: International Review of Psychiatry
Hayley H Skinner, Jess Haines, S Bryn Austin, Alison E Field
PURPOSE: To investigate the temporal relationship between depressive symptoms and overeating and binge eating among adolescent and young adult females in the United States. METHODS: We investigated incident overeating, binge eating, and depressive symptoms among 4,798 females in the Growing Up Today Study, a prospective cohort study of adolescents and young adults throughout the United States. Participants who reported at least monthly episodes of eating a very large amount of food in a short amount of time in the past year, but not experiencing a loss of control, were classified as overeaters...
May 2012: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Lindsay T Bartholome, Roseann E Peterson, Susan K Raatz, Nancy C Raymond
PURPOSE: Research has demonstrated significant underreporting of food intake in obese individuals with and without binge eating disorder (BED). An improved understanding of the accuracy of self-reported food intake is central to diagnosis of eating disorders and monitoring response to treatment. The purpose was to: (1) confirm those with BED consume significantly more kilocalories (kcal) than overweight/obese controls when instructed to overeat in the laboratory and (2) compare dietary recall data with measured intake...
February 2013: European Journal of Nutrition
K M von Ranson, S K Russell-Mayhew, P C Masson
Overeaters Anonymous (OA) is a widely available, 12-step, self-help treatment program primarily used for weight loss that also offers to address eating disorder (ED) symptoms. However, because of OA's tradition of avoiding contact with "outside enterprises," little research has examined eating pathology among OA members. The present, uncontroled study examined current, self-reported ED psychopathology with the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire among 20 self-selected OA members. Consistent with OA's aim to address compulsive overeating, rates of subjective and objective bulimic episodes and eating concern were significantly elevated among OA members relative to norms for adult women, demonstrating medium effects, and restraint showed a significant, small effect...
March 2011: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Miriam E Bocarsly, Laura A Berner, Bartley G Hoebel, Nicole M Avena
Previous studies suggest that binge eating sugar leads to behavioral and neurochemical changes similar to those seen with drug addiction, including signs of opiate-like withdrawal. Studies are emerging that show multiple neurochemical and behavioral indices of addiction when animals overeat a fat-rich diet. The goal of the present study was to utilize liquid and solid diets high in sugar and fat content to determine whether opiate-like withdrawal is seen after binge consumption of these diets in Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 24, 2011: Physiology & Behavior
Denise Wilfley, R Berkowitz, A Goebel-Fabbri, K Hirst, C Ievers-Landis, T H Lipman, M Marcus, D Ng, T Pham, R Saletsky, J Schanuel, D Van Buren
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the prevalence of binge eating and its association with adiposity and psychosocial functioning in a large, diverse sample of youth with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the TODAY study, 678 (mean age 14.0 years; 64.9% girls) of the 704 youth randomized to the study completed a self-report measure of eating disorder symptoms and were categorized as nonovereaters, overeaters, subclinical binge eaters, or clinical binge eaters...
April 2011: Diabetes Care
Laura B Zahodne, Frandy Susatia, Dawn Bowers, Tiara L Ong, Charles E Jacobson, Michael S Okun, Ramon L Rodriguez, Irene A Malaty, Kelly D Foote, Hubert H Fernandez
Of 96 Parkinson's disease patients surveyed at the University of Florida Movement Disorders Center, one (1%) met diagnostic criteria for binge-eating disorder. Eight (8.3%) exhibited subthreshold binge eating. Psychometric criteria classified problem gambling in 17.8%, hoarding in 8.3%, compulsive buying in 11.5%, hypersexuality in 1.0%, and mania in 1.0% of patients. More overeaters met psychometric criteria for at least one additional impulse-control disorder (67% versus 29%). No more overeaters than non-overeaters were taking a dopamine agonist (44% versus 41%)...
2011: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Jeanne Dalen, Bruce W Smith, Brian M Shelley, Anita Lee Sloan, Lisa Leahigh, Debbie Begay
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to pilot a brief (6-week) group curriculum for providing mindfulness training to obese individuals, called Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL). SETTING AND DESIGN: Participants were recruited through a local Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in spring 2006. Data was collected at three time points: baseline, completion of intervention (6 weeks), and 3-month follow-up (12 weeks). INTERVENTION: Six weekly two-hour group classes (with two monthly follow-up classes)...
December 2010: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Lisa A P Sánchez-Johnsen, Kim Hogan, Lynne R Wilkens, Marian L Fitzgibbon
We examined whether body weight, depression, and body dissatisfaction could predict problematic eating behaviors in a community sample of less acculturated adult Latina women. Three hundred and forty-nine Latina women ages 20-40 were classified as non-overeater (n=244), eating disorder not otherwise specified-binge eating disorder features (EDNOS-BED) (n=65), or eating disorder not otherwise specified-bulimia nervosa features (EDNOS-BN) (n=40). Participants completed measures of problematic eating behaviors, depression, and body image...
April 2008: Eating Behaviors
Martin R Yeomans, Margaret Leitch, Sirous Mobini
Recent data implicate impulsivity as a personality trait associated with obesity, binge eating and restrained eating. However, impulsivity is recognised as having multiple dimensions, and it remains unclear which aspects of impulsive behaviour best predict disordered eating. To try and elucidate further the relationship between impulsivity and eating behaviour, 147 women completed a behavioural measure and two self-report measures of impulsivity along with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). Overall scores on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-II), along with scores on the Non-planning and Motor Subscales of the BIS-II, were higher in women scoring high on the TFEQ disinhibition (TFEQ-D) scale...
March 2008: Appetite
Diane Hamilton Wasson
This study presents a qualitative analysis of relapse experiences of 26 women with bulimia nervosa who were recruited from Overeaters Anonymous. Using focus groups and individual interviews, participants reported conditions that activated binge eating and/or purging as triggers and described their attempts to manage triggers as an intense effort to arbitrate between high-risk circumstances and their capacity to avoid binging and purging. Responses revealed two broad categories of triggers: (1) internal emotional states and (2) interpersonal relationships...
2003: Eating Disorders
David Clinton, Eric Button, Claes Norring, Robert Palmer
INTRODUCTION: The optimal classification of eating disorders has been a matter of considerable debate. The present paper tackles this issue using cluster analysis with large independent samples of eating-disorder patients. METHOD: Two samples of adult female patients from Sweden (n = 631) and England (n = 472) were classified on the basis of 10 key clinical variables of primary significance for diagnosing eating disorders. A separate series of cluster analyses were conducted on each sample...
August 2004: Psychological Medicine
M Antoniou, G A Tasca, J Wood, H Bissada
The disordered eating symptoms, general psychopathology and dieting history among obese women diagnosed with Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and obese women who overeat (OE) are examined. One hundred and thirty women (n=83 with BED and n=47 who overeat) seeking treatment for an eating disorder were diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria and the Eating Disorders Examination (EDE). They also completed a battery of psychometric tests. Despite adequate statistical power to detect differences, MANOVAs revealed very few significant differences between the groups...
June 2003: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
G Williams, C Bing, X J Cai, J A Harrold, P J King, X H Liu
The hypothalamus regulates many aspects of energy homeostasis, adjusting both the drive to eat and the expenditure of energy in response to a wide range of nutritional and other signals. It is becoming clear that various neural circuits operate to different degrees and probably serve specific functions under particular conditions of altered feeding behaviour. This review will discuss this functional diversity by illustrating hypothalamic neurones that express neuropeptide Y (NPY), the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) and the orexins...
November 2001: Physiology & Behavior
J Polivy, C P Herman
OBJECTIVE: It has been shown that distress suppresses eating in nondieters (unrestrained eaters), but increases it in chronic dieters (restrained eaters). This study attempted to investigate several possible explanations for this phenomenon, in particular, the "masking hypothesis." This hypothesis states that dieters use overeating to mask their distress in other areas of their lives by eating when distressed so that they can attribute their distress to their overeating rather than to more uncontrollable aspects of themselves or their lives...
September 1999: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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