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Leukocyte migration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149721/biological-safety-and-tissue-distribution-of-16-mercaptohexadecyl-trimethylammonium-bromide-modified-cationic-gold-nanorods
#1
Monika Zarska, Michal Sramek, Filip Novotny, Filip Havel, Andrea Babelova, Blanka Mrazkova, Oldrich Benada, Milan Reinis, Ivan Stepanek, Kamil Musilek, Jiri Bartek, Monika Ursinyova, Ondrej Novak, Rastislav Dzijak, Kamil Kuca, Jan Proska, Zdenek Hodny
The exceptionally high cellular uptake of gold nanorods (GNRs) bearing cationic surfactants makes them a promising tool for biomedical applications. Given the known specific toxic and stress effects of some preparations of cationic nanoparticles, the purpose of this study was to evaluate, in an in vitro and in vivo in mouse, the potential harmful effects of GNRs coated with (16-mercaptohexadecyl)trimethylammonium bromide ((MTAB)GNRs). Interestingly, even after cellular accumulation of high amounts of (MTAB)GNRs sufficient for induction of photothermal effect, no genotoxicity (even after longer-term accumulation), induction of autophagy, destabilization of lysosomes (dominant organelles of their cellular destination), alterations of actin cytoskeleton, or in cell migration could be detected in vitro...
November 1, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147073/metformin-suppressed-cxcl8-expression-and-cell-migration-in-hek293-tlr4-cell-line
#2
Zhihui Xiao, Wenjun Wu, Vladimir Poltoratsky
Chronic inflammation is associated with cancer. CXCL8 promotes tumor microenvironment construction through recruiting leukocytes and endothelial progenitor cells that are involved in angiogenesis. It also enhances tumor cell proliferation and migration. Metformin, type II diabetes medication, demonstrates anticancer properties via suppressing inflammation, tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis. This study intended to address the role of metformin in regulation of CXCL8 expression and cell proliferation and migration...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142552/atypical-chemokine-receptor-1-polymorphism-cannot-be-used-as-an-indicator-of-liver-fibrosis-progression-in-hepatitis-c-virus-positive-patients
#3
Lin-Nan Shao, Shu-Ting Zhang, Shi-Hang Zhou, Wei-Jian Yu, Ming Liu
Background & Objective: Atypical chemokine receptor 1(ACKR1) represents an atypical chemokine receptor that can bind promiscuously to various chemokines. Chemokines play a crucial role to recruit leukocyte subsets migration through the endothelium and into liver against the virus during the progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Most HCV positive patients can lead to liver fibrosis. Hyaluronic acid (HA), laminin (LN), collagen IV(C-IV) and amino-terminal pro-peptide of Type-III pro-collagen (PIII NP) are indices of the extent of liver fibrosis...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142050/collectin-11-promotes-the-development-of-renal-tubulointerstitial-fibrosis
#4
Weiju Wu, Chengfei Liu, Conrad A Farrar, Liang Ma, Xia Dong, Steven H Sacks, Ke Li, Wuding Zhou
Collectin-11 is a recently described soluble C-type lectin, a pattern recognition molecule of the innate immune system that has distinct roles in host defense, embryonic development, and acute inflammation. However, little is known regarding the role of collectin-11 in tissue fibrosis. Here, we investigated collectin-11 in the context of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Compared with wild-type littermate controls, Collec11 deficient (CL-11(-/-) ) mice had significantly reduced renal functional impairment, tubular injury, renal leukocyte infiltration, renal tissue inflammation/fibrogenesis, and collagen deposition in the kidneys after renal ischemia-reperfusion injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139565/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-i-rare-primary-immune-deficiency
#5
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vikender Singh Yadav, Prabhat Chaudhari
Leukocyte adhesion defect I is a rare disorder (1:1,000,000) caused by diminished expression of CD-18 β2 integrins on leukocytes leading to abnormal adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis. Clinical manifestations include delayed separation of umbilical cord, omphalitis, recurrent severe infections, impaired wound healing, persistent oral ulcers, and severe periodontitis in primary and permanent dentition. A 5-year-old girl, second-born child to parents with consanguinity, presented with pain and mobility of lower teeth...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138006/distorted-leukocyte-migration-angiogenesis-wound-repair-and-metastasis-in-tspan8-and-tspan8-cd151-double-knockout-mice-indicate-complementary-activities-of-tspan8-and-cd51
#6
Kun Zhao, Ulrike Erb, Thilo Hackert, Margot Zöller, Shijing Yue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127519/neutrophil-biology-within-hepatic-environment
#7
REVIEW
Débora Moreira Alvarenga, Matheus Silvério Mattos, Alan Moreira Araújo, Maísa Mota Antunes, Gustavo Batista Menezes
Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocyte in the human circulation. These short-lived cells are constantly produced from hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) within the bone marrow from which they daily reach the blood and perform major roles in innate immunity. Neutrophils are the first cells to reach inflamed tissues and are armed with a plethora of enzymes that help both with their trafficking within tissues and the killing of pathogens. Damaged or infected organs are rapidly invaded by neutrophils. Their erroneous activation within parenchyma or the vasculature is involved in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases including arthritis, colitis, sepsis, acute lung injury and liver failure...
November 10, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122551/crispr-mediated-deletion-of-the-pecam-1-cytoplasmic-domain-increases-receptor-lateral-mobility-and-strengthens-endothelial-cell-junctional-integrity
#8
Danying Liao, Heng Mei, Yu Hu, Debra K Newman, Peter J Newman
AIMS: PECAM-1 is an abundant endothelial cell surface receptor that becomes highly enriched at endothelial cell-cell junctions, where it functions to mediate leukocyte transendothelial migration, sense changes in shear and flow, and maintain the vascular permeability barrier. Homophilic interactions mediated by the PECAM-1 extracellular domain are known to be required for PECAM-1 to perform these functions; however, much less is understood about the role of its cytoplasmic domain in these processes...
November 6, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119662/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-shifts-dendritic-cells-into-an-amoeboid-rapid-migration-mode-encompassing-podosome-dissolution-secretion-of-timp-1-and-reduced-proteolysis-of-extracellular-matrix
#9
Einar B Ólafsson, Manuel Varas-Godoy, Antonio Barragan
Dendritic cells (DCs) infected by Toxoplasma gondii rapidly acquire a hypermigratory phenotype that promotes systemic parasite dissemination by a 'Trojan horse' mechanism in mice. Recent paradigms of leukocyte migration have identified the amoeboid migration mode of DCs as particularly suited for rapid locomotion in extracellular matrix and tissues. Here, we have developed a microscopy-based high-throughput approach to assess motility and matrix degradation by Toxoplasma-challenged murine and human DCs. DCs challenged with T...
November 8, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116124/monocytes-from-patients-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-show-enhanced-inflammatory-properties-and-produce-higher-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines
#10
M Cockx, M Gouwy, P Ruytinx, I Lodewijckx, A Van Hout, S Knoops, N Pörtner, I Ronsse, L Vanbrabant, V Godding, K De Boeck, J Van Damme, M Boon, S Struyf
Patients with Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) suffer from recurrent upper and lower airway infections due to defects in the cilia present on the respiratory epithelium. Since chronic inflammatory conditions can cause changes in innate immune responses, we investigated whether monocytes isolated from the peripheral blood of pediatric PCD patients respond differently to inflammatory stimuli, compared to monocytes from healthy children and adults. The receptor for C5a (C5aR) was upregulated in PCD, whereas expression levels of the leukocyte chemoattractant receptors CCR1, CCR2, CCR5, BLT1 and FPR1 on PCD monocytes were similar to those on monocytes from healthy individuals...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115544/hur-induces-inflammatory-responses-in-huvecs-and-murine-sepsis-via-binding-to-hmgb1
#11
Jian Wang, Ling Zhao, Yong Li, Shunyi Feng, Guangxin Lv
The aim of the present study was to explore the roles of human antigen R (HuR) in sepsis. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses demonstrated that overexpression of HuR increased the expression of high‑mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HMGB1 was investigated as a potential target of HuR through bioinformatics and RNA‑immunoprecipitation assays. Furthermore, treatment with HuR small interfering (si)RNA suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑mediated release of HMGB1 and reduced HMGB1‑mediated hyperpermeability and leukocyte migration in HUVECs and in septic mice...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109725/early-events-of-the-reaction-elicited-by-csf-470-melanoma-vaccine-plus-adjuvants-an-in-vitro-analysis-of-immune-recruitment-and-cytokine-release
#12
María B Pampena, María M Barrio, Estefanía P Juliá, Paula A Blanco, Erika M von Euw, José Mordoh, Estrella Mariel Levy
In a previous work, we showed that CSF-470 vaccine plus bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as adjuvants resulted in a significant benefit in the distant metastasis-free survival when comparing vaccinated vs. IFN-α2b-treated high-risk cutaneous melanoma patients in a Phase II study. Immune monitoring demonstrated an increase in anti-tumor innate and adaptive immunities of vaccinated patients, with a striking increase in IFN-γ secreting lymphocytes specific for melanoma antigens (Ags)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105783/clinical-implications-of-mast-cell-involvement-in-allergic-conjunctivitis
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Elieh Ali Komi, Todd Rambasek, Leonard Bielory
The conjunctiva is a common site for the allergic inflammatory response due to it being highly vascularized, having constant exposure to environmental pollutants and allergenic pollens and having a unique conjunctival associated lymphoid tissue. The primary morbidity of anterior surface conjunctival disorders that include allergic conjunctivitis and tear film disorders is associated with its high frequency of involvement rather than its severity, although the more chronic forms can involve the cornea and lead to sight threatening conditions...
November 6, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095944/mif-inhibition-interferes-with-the-inflammatory-and-t-cell-stimulatory-capacity-of-nod-macrophages-and-delays-autoimmune-diabetes-onset
#14
Hannelie Korf, Laura Breser, Jelter Van Hoeck, Janet Godoy, Dana P Cook, Benoit Stijlemans, Elien De Smidt, Carolien Moyson, João Paulo Monteiro Carvalho Mori Cunha, Virginia Rivero, Conny Gysemans, Chantal Mathieu
Macrophages contribute in the initiation and progression of insulitis during type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, the mechanisms governing their recruitment into the islets as well as the manner of retention and activation are incompletely understood. Here, we investigated a role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its transmembrane receptor, CD74, in the progression of T1D. Our data indicated elevated MIF concentrations especially in long-standing T1D patients and mice. Additionally, NOD mice featured increased MIF gene expression and CD74+ leukocyte frequencies in the pancreas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091859/vitexin-inhibits-inflammation-in-murine-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-asthma
#15
Cláudio Luís Venturini, Antonio Macho, Karuppusamy Arunachalam, Danielle Ayr Tavares de Almeida, Suellen Iara Guirra Rosa, Eduarda Pavan, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins
Vitexin is an important component of various medicinal plants frequently used to treat asthma, such as Crataegus spp., Vitex spp., Passiflora spp., and Echinodorus spp. However, there is no information about the vitexin potential as anti-asthmatic. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the anti-hypersensitive activity of vitexin in a murine ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model. Mice were sensitized to OVA by i.p. injection on days 1st and 10th, followed by a daily challenge with OVA using a nebulizer, from days 19th to 24th...
October 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082918/the-unique-structural-and-functional-features-of-cxcl12
#16
REVIEW
Rik Janssens, Sofie Struyf, Paul Proost
The CXC chemokine CXCL12 is an important factor in physiological and pathological processes, including embryogenesis, hematopoiesis, angiogenesis and inflammation, because it activates and/or induces migration of hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells, endothelial cells and most leukocytes. Therefore, CXCL12 activity is tightly regulated at multiple levels. CXCL12 has the unique property of existing in six splice variants in humans, each having a specific tissue distribution and in vivo activity. Controlled splice variant transcription and mRNA stability determine the CXCL12 expression profile...
October 30, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077528/effects-of-recombinant-agrocybe-aegerita-lectin-as-an-immunoadjuvant-on-immune-responses
#17
Li-Bao Ma, Bao-Yang Xu, Min Huang, Qi-Gai He
CONTEXT: Accumulated evidence has indicated that recombinant Agrocybe aegerita lectin (AAL) possesses immunoadjuvant activity to enhance antigen-specific immune responses. However, the mechanism of how AAL regulates immune response remains poorly defined. AIM: This study is aimed to reveal the mechanism of AAL's immunoadjuvant activity. METHODS: In this study, AAL alone or combined with inactivated avian influenza virus H9N2 was immunized to mice and the transcriptome profile of immunized mice was analyzed...
October 27, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075794/src3-expressed-in-bmscs-promotes-growth-and-migration-of-multiple-myeloma-cells-by-regulating-the-expression-of-cx43
#18
Jie Jin, Tao Wang, Yu Wang, Shidi Chen, Zheng Li, Xiang Li, Jiazhen Zhang, Jin Wang
Interactions between bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and multiple myeloma cells significantly contribute to the progression of multiple myeloma (MM). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate these interactions. Connexin-43 (Cx-43) has been implicated in the interplay between BMSCs and MM cells. In this study, we hypothesized that the steroid receptor co-activator-3 (SRC3) expressed in BMSCs regulates the expression of Cx-43 to promote the proliferation and migration of myeloma cells...
December 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067882/alicaforsen-in-the-treatment-of-pouchitis
#19
Thomas Greuter, Gerhard Rogler
Alicaforsen is a 20-base antisense oligonucleotide inhibiting ICAM-1 production, which is an important adhesion molecule involved in leukocyte migration and trafficking to the site of inflammation. Hitherto, alicaforsen has been granted orphan drug designation and is prescribed as an unlicensed medicine in accordance with international regulation for the treatment of pouchitis and left-sided ulcerative colitis. Given the positive results evolving from one open-label trial and one case series in patients with chronic refractory pouchitis, US FDA has agreed to a rolling submission for a license application for the treatment of pouchitis, which has been recently initiated...
November 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064819/age-related-decline-of-the-acute-local-inflammation-response-a-mitigating-role-for-the-adenosine-a2a-receptor
#20
Cynthia Laflamme, Geneviève Bertheau Mailhot, Marc Pouliot
Aging is accompanied by an increase in markers of innate immunity. How aging affects neutrophil functions remains of debate.The adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR), essential to the resolution of inflammation, modulates neutrophil functions. We sought to determine whether or not A2AR protects against the effects of aging. We monitored neutrophil influx, viability, and activation as well as cytokine accumulation in wild-type (WT) and A2AR-knockout mice (KO) at three different ages.Several readouts decreased with aging: neutrophil counts in dorsal air pouches (by up to 55%), neutrophil viability (by up to 56%), elastase and total protein in exudates (by up to 80%), and local levels of cytokines (by up to 90%)...
October 18, 2017: Aging
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