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Zoonoses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105849/antiviral-therapy-and-prevention-against-hantavirus-infections
#1
R Szabó
Hantaviruses are emerging zoonoses hosted by small mammals. In humans, they cause two diseases. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is mainly caused by Dobrava-Belgrade virus, Puumala virus, Seoul virus and Hantaan virus in Asia and Europe. On the other hand, the most important causes of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome are Sin Nombre virus and Andes virus in Americas. Ribavirin yet remains the only licensed drug against the hantavirus infections, but its sufficient antiviral activity remains an issue under discussion...
January 19, 2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#2
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069819/temporal-role-for-myd88-in-a-model-of-brucella-induced-arthritis-and-musculoskeletal-inflammation
#3
Carolyn A Lacey, William J Mitchell, Charles R Brown, Jerod A Skyberg
Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that cause the zoonotic disease brucellosis, one of the most common global zoonoses. Osteomyelitis, arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation are common focal complications of brucellosis in humans; however, wild-type (WT) mice infected systemically with conventional doses of Brucella do not develop these complications. Here we report WT C57BL/6 mice infected via the footpad with 10(3)-10(6) CFUs of Brucella spp. display neutrophil and monocyte infiltration to the joint space and surrounding musculoskeletal tissue...
January 9, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055326/prevalence-and-distribution-of-human-and-tick-infections-with-the-ehrlichia-muris-like-agent-and-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-in-wisconsin-2009-2015
#4
Darby S Murphy, Xia Lee, Scott R Larson, Diep K Hoang Johnson, Theoren Loo, Susan M Paskewitz
Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis are important emerging tickborne zoonoses that affect both humans and animals. Knowledge of the geographic distribution and prevalence of Ehrlichia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Wisconsin is important information as a baseline for future comparisons. Reported human cases between 2009 and 2015 were identified using the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS) and mapped by county of residence. Vector surveillance was established using ticks collected from animals by partners, including veterinary medical clinics, domestic animal shelters, and wildlife rehabilitation centers from 40 Wisconsin counties...
January 5, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054443/risk-mitigation-of-emerging-zoonoses-hendra-virus-and-non-vaccinating-horse-owners
#5
J Manyweathers, H Field, D Jordan, N Longnecker, K Agho, C Smith, M Taylor
Hendra virus was identified in horses and humans in 1994, in Queensland, Australia. Flying foxes are the natural host. Horses are thought to acquire infection by direct or indirect contact with infected flying fox urine. Humans are infected from close contact with infected horses. To reduce risk of infection in horses and humans, Australian horse owners are encouraged to vaccinate horses against the virus and adopt property risk mitigation practices that focus on reducing flying fox horse contact and contamination of horses' environment with flying fox bodily fluids...
January 4, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052113/zoonoses-in-veterinary-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Antonio Sánchez, Miranda Prats-van der Ham, Juan Tatay-Dualde, Ana Paterna, Christian de la Fe, Ángel Gómez-Martín, Juan C Corrales, Antonio Contreras
BACKGROUND: Veterinary students face diverse potential sources of zoonotic pathogens since the first years of their academic degree. Such sources include different animal species and pathologic materials which are used at university facilities as well as commercial clinics, farms and other external facilities. OBJECTIVES: The present study utilizes a systematic review of the literature to identify zoonoses described in veterinary students. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science and PubMed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051760/contribution-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-life-threatening-parasitosis-caused-by-the-parasite-echinococcus-multilocularis
#7
Katarína Šimeková, Mária Szilágyiová, Daniela Antolová, Ladislav Laca, Hubert Polaček, Elena Nováková, Martin Števík, Róbert Rosoľanka
Echinococcosis is a serious parasitic disease that ends lethally in 95% of untreated infected patients. It was first diagnosed in Slovakia in the year 2000. It is caused by the larval stage of a tapeworm belonging to the genus Echinococcus, which was assigned to the group "A" of zoonoses in the year 2004. The number of new infections is rising because of increasing percentage of infected red foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Early and accurate diagnosis of infections with this parasite is essential for proper initiation of adequate therapy...
January 4, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043553/frequency-of-mycobacterial-infections-in-retailed-fish-in-karaj-an-iranian-perspective
#8
Atefeh Mobasher-Amini, Nader Mosavari, Mehdi Ghiami-Rad, Keyvan Tadayon
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium species comprise one of the most frequently-reported causative agents in granulomatous lesions of fish. Also, mycobacteria have been documented as fish-born zoonoses. Ornamental aquaria, commercial aquaculture, and wild fisheries therefore produce a potential risk of infection for humans through physical contact and consumption of fishes. A number of fish mycobacteriosis and fish-born zoonotic cases have been reported to date in Iran. METHODS: In order to examine the frequency of mycobacteria existence in fish supplied to the public in seafood retail outlets, whole fresh fish from cold water (n=50) and tropical (n=50) audible fish were obtained from five stores in Karaj, the central city of Alborz province...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035113/serological-surveillance-of-vector-borne-and-zoonotic-diseases-among-hunters-in-eastern-poland
#9
Małgorzata Tokarska-Rodak, Dorota Plewik, Aleksander J Michalski, Marcin Kołodziej, Alicja Mełgieś, Anna Pańczuk, Henryk Konon, Marcin Niemcewicz
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Many etiological agents of zoonoses are considered as significant biological hazard to people visiting forested areas frequently, for instance, hunters. They may be exposed to ticks, rodents, and birds as well as excreta/secretions of wild animals or contaminated water and soil. Hence, this population is at risk of contracting infection with pathogens such as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia spp., tick-borne encephalitis virus, Bartonella spp...
October 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034593/one-health-proof-of-concept-bringing-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-surveillance-for-zoonotic-viruses-at-the-human-wild-animal-interface
#10
Terra R Kelly, William B Karesh, Christine Kreuder Johnson, Kirsten V K Gilardi, Simon J Anthony, Tracey Goldstein, Sarah H Olson, Catherine Machalaba, Jonna A K Mazet
As the world continues to react and respond inefficiently to emerging infectious diseases, such as Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and the Ebola and Zika viruses, a growing transdisciplinary community has called for a more proactive and holistic approach to prevention and preparedness - One Health. Such an approach presents important opportunities to reduce the impact of disease emergence events and also to mitigate future emergence through improved cross-sectoral coordination. In an attempt to provide proof of concept of the utility of the One Health approach, the US Agency for International Development's PREDICT project consortium designed and implemented a targeted, risk-based surveillance strategy based not on humans as sentinels of disease but on detecting viruses early, at their source, where intervention strategies can be implemented before there is opportunity for spillover and spread in people or food animals...
December 14, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029378/urbanization-and-disease-emergence-dynamics-at-the-wildlife-livestock-human-interface
#11
REVIEW
James M Hassell, Michael Begon, Melissa J Ward, Eric M Fèvre
Urbanization is characterized by rapid intensification of agriculture, socioeconomic change, and ecological fragmentation, which can have profound impacts on the epidemiology of infectious disease. Here, we review current scientific evidence for the drivers and epidemiology of emerging wildlife-borne zoonoses in urban landscapes, where anthropogenic pressures can create diverse wildlife-livestock-human interfaces. We argue that these interfaces represent a critical point for cross-species transmission and emergence of pathogens into new host populations, and thus understanding their form and function is necessary to identify suitable interventions to mitigate the risk of disease emergence...
October 28, 2016: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028851/review-on-the-effects-of-potential-prebiotics-on-controlling-intestinal-enteropathogens-salmonella-and-escherichia%C3%A2-coli-in-pig-production
#12
REVIEW
T H T Tran, N Everaert, J Bindelle
Salmonella enterica serotypes (Salmonella sp.) are the second cause of bacterial foodborne zoonoses in humans after campylobacteriosis. Pork is the third most important cause for outbreak-associated salmonellosis, and colibacillosis is the most important disease in piglets and swine. Attachment to host cells, translocation of effector proteins into host cells, invasion and replication in tissues are the vital virulence steps of these pathogens that help them to thrive in the intestinal environment and invade tissues...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011185/novel-rickettsia-and-emergent-tick-borne-pathogens-a-molecular-survey-of-ticks-and-tick-borne-pathogens-in-shimba-hills-national-reserve-kenya
#13
Micky M Mwamuye, Edward Kariuki, David Omondi, James Kabii, David Odongo, Daniel Masiga, Jandouwe Villinger
Ticks are important vectors of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses, the majority of which originate from wildlife. In recent times, this has become a global public health concern that necessitates surveillance of both known and unknown tick-borne pathogens likely to be future disease threats, as well as their tick vectors. We carried out a survey of the diversity of ticks and tick-borne pathogens in Kenya's Shimba Hills National Reserve (SHNR), an area with intensified human-livestock-wildlife interactions, where we collected 4297 questing ticks (209 adult ticks, 586 nymphs and 3502 larvae)...
September 5, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010906/zoonotic-disease-risk-perceptions-in-the-british-veterinary-profession
#14
Charlotte Robin, Judy Bettridge, Fiona McMaster
In human and veterinary medicine, reducing the risk of occupationally-acquired infections relies on effective infection prevention and control practices (IPCs). In veterinary medicine, zoonoses present a risk to practitioners, yet little is known about how these risks are understood and how this translates into health protective behaviour. This study aimed to explore risk perceptions within the British veterinary profession and identify motivators and barriers to compliance with IPCs. A cross-sectional study was conducted using veterinary practices registered with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons...
January 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009103/experts-perceptions-on-china-s-capacity-to-manage-emerging-and-re-emerging-zoonotic-diseases-in-an-era-of-climate-change
#15
A Hansen, J Xiang, Q Liu, M X Tong, Y Sun, X Liu, K Chen, S Cameron, S Hanson-Easey, G-S Han, P Weinstein, C Williams, P Bi
Zoonotic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents are a major public health concern in China. However, interventions in recent decades have helped lower the incidence of several diseases despite the country's large, frequently mobile population and socio-economic challenges. Increasing globalization, rapid urbanization and a warming climate now add to the complexity of disease control and prevention and could challenge China's capacity to respond to threats of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To investigate this notion, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 infectious disease experts in four cities in China...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998327/entangled-histories-german-veterinary-medicine-c-1770-1900
#16
Tatsuya Mitsuda
Medical historians have recently become interested in the veterinary past, investigating the development of animal health in countries such as France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. An appreciation of the German context, however, is still lacking - a gap in the knowledge that the present article seeks to fill. Providing a critical interpretation of the evolution of the veterinary profession, this investigation explains why veterinary and medical spheres intersected, drifted apart, then came back together; it also accounts for the stark differences in the position of veterinarians in Germany and Britain...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983508/new-version-of-the-epidemic-intelligence-information-system-for-food-and-waterborne-diseases-and-zoonoses-epis-fwd-launched
#17
Celine M Gossner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958200/update-on-pathology-of-ocular-parasitic-disease
#18
REVIEW
Dipankar Das, Varsha Ramachandra, Saidul Islam, Harsha Bhattacharjee, Jyotirmay Biswas, Akanksha Koul, Panna Deka, Apurba Deka
Parasites are a group of eukaryotic organisms that may be free-living or form a symbiotic or parasitic relationship with the hosts. Consisting of over 800,000 recognized species, parasites may be unicellular (Protozoa) or multicellular (helminths and arthropods). The association of parasites with human population started long before the emergence of civilization. Parasitic zoonotic diseases are prevalent worldwide including India. Appropriate epidemiological data are lacking on existing zoonotic parasitic diseases, and newer diseases are emerging in our scenario...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938416/active-animal-health-surveillance-in-european-union-member-states-gaps-and-opportunities
#19
B Bisdorff, B Schauer, N Taylor, V Rodríguez-Prieto, A Comin, A Brouwer, F Dórea, J Drewe, L Hoinville, A Lindberg, M Martinez Avilés, B Martínez-López, M Peyre, J Pinto Ferreira, J Rushton, G VAN Schaik, K D C Stärk, C Staubach, M Vicente-Rubiano, G Witteveen, D Pfeiffer, B Häsler
Animal health surveillance enables the detection and control of animal diseases including zoonoses. Under the EU-FP7 project RISKSUR, a survey was conducted in 11 EU Member States and Switzerland to describe active surveillance components in 2011 managed by the public or private sector and identify gaps and opportunities. Information was collected about hazard, target population, geographical focus, legal obligation, management, surveillance design, risk-based sampling, and multi-hazard surveillance. Two countries were excluded due to incompleteness of data...
December 12, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#20
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
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