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Zhang Li-Juan, Xu Jing, Lü Shan, Li Hong-Mei, Guan Ya-Yi, Zhou Xiao-Nong
The Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis and Other Helminth Zoonoses (RNAS+ ) plays an important role in promoting the research and control of helminthes in Asia. The development course of RNAS+ is summarized in this article and the information of RNAS+ annual meeting is collected. The questionnaire survey and expert interview are used to evaluate the role of RNAS+ in promoting the prevention and control of helminthes in various Asian countries. The experience of RNAS+ operation and its future development are summarized...
January 4, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Julio César García Casallas, Walter Villalobos Monsalve, Sara Consuelo Arias Villate, Ingrid Marisol Fino Solano
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses worldwide. It can affect any organ system, particularly the gastrointestinal system, but there is no report of acute liver failure as a brucellosis complication. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of acute liver failure secondary to brucellosis infection. A 75-year-old Hispanic man presented to a University Hospital in Chía, Colombia, with a complaint of 15 days of fatigue, weakness, decreased appetite, epigastric abdominal pain, jaundice, and 10 kg weight loss...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Dung Van Nguyen, Cuong Van Nguyen, David Bonsall, Tue Tri Ngo, Juan Carrique-Mas, Anh Hong Pham, Juliet E Bryant, Guy Thwaites, Stephen Baker, Mark Woolhouse, Peter Simmonds
Rodents and bats are now widely recognised as important sources of zoonotic virus infections in other mammals, including humans. Numerous surveys have expanded our knowledge of diverse viruses in a range of rodent and bat species, including their origins, evolution, and range of hosts. In this study of pegivirus and human hepatitis-related viruses, liver and serum samples from Vietnamese rodents and bats were examined by PCR and sequencing. Nucleic acids homologous to human hepatitis B, C, E viruses were detected in liver samples of 2 (1...
February 28, 2018: Viruses
Emma E Glennon, Olivier Restif, Silke Riesle Sbarbaro, Romain Garnier, Andrew A Cunningham, Richard D Suu-Ire, Richard Osei-Amponsah, James L N Wood, Alison J Peel
Bat-borne viruses carry undeniable risks to the health of human beings and animals, and there is growing recognition of the need for a 'One Health' approach to understand their frequently complex spill-over routes. While domesticated animals can play central roles in major spill-over events of zoonotic bat-borne viruses, for example during the pig-amplified Malaysian Nipah virus outbreak of 1998-1999, the extent of their potential to act as bridging or amplifying species for these viruses has not been characterised systematically...
March 2018: Veterinary Journal
Delphine Destoumieux-Garzón, Patrick Mavingui, Gilles Boetsch, Jérôme Boissier, Frédéric Darriet, Priscilla Duboz, Clémentine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Frédérique Le Roux, Serge Morand, Christine Paillard, Dominique Pontier, Cédric Sueur, Yann Voituron
Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution, and the development of multifactorial and chronic diseases. This highlighted the increasing globalization of health risks and the importance of the human-animal-ecosystem interface in the evolution and emergence of pathogens...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Andrzej Miskiewicz, Paweł Kowalczyk, Sanaa Mahdi Oraibi, Krystyna Cybulska, Anna Misiewicz
This article describes methods of treatment for avian zoonoses, modern antibiotic therapy and drug resistance of selected pathogens, which pose a threat to the population's health. A tabular form has been used to present the current data from the European Union from 2011 to 2017 regarding human morbidity and mortality and the costs incurred by national health systems for the treatment of zoonoses occurring in humans and animals. Moreover, the paper includes descriptions of selected diseases, which indirectly affect birds...
February 19, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Philip R Cohen, Douglas S Ramsay
Animal-induced conditions in humans predominantly present as infectious zoonoses. However, trauma-associated injuries from the teeth or claws can also occur. Several zoonotic infections can be transmitted by cats, a common household pet, to their owners. The clinical features of a woman who developed multiple sites of trauma-induced cutaneous punctures from her cat's paws while it was kneading on her clothes-covered abdomen are described. The repetitive insertion and withdrawal of the sharp tips of the cat's claws created distinctive groups of erythematous punctures on the patient's skin...
December 8, 2017: Curēus
Michael J Maze, Quique Bassat, Nicholas A Feasey, Inácio Mandomando, Patrick Musicha, John A Crump
BACKGROUND: Fever is among the most common symptoms of people living in Africa, and clinicians are challenged by the similar clinical features of a wide spectrum of potential aetiologies. AIM: To summarise recent studies of fever aetiology in sub-Saharan Africa focusing on causes other than malaria. SOURCES: A narrative literature review by searching the MEDLINE database, and recent conference abstracts. CONTENT: Studies of multiple potential causes of fever are scarce, and for many participants the infecting organism remains unidentified, or multiple co-infecting microorganisms are identified, and establishing causation is challenging...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Ciamak Ghazaei
Leptospirosis is a common zoonotic disease has emerged as a major public health problem, with developing countries bearing disproportionate burdens. Although the diverse range of clinical manifestations of the leptospirosis in humans is widely documented, the mechanisms through which the pathogen causes disease remain undetermined. In addition, leptospirosis is a much-neglected life-threatening disease although it is one of the most important zoonoses occurring in a diverse range of epidemiological distribution...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Kornélia Kurucz, Mónika Madai, Dominika Bali, Dávid Hederics, Győző Horváth, Gábor Kemenesi, Ferenc Jakab
Rodents are important reservoir hosts for several zoonotic pathogens that cause significant morbidity and mortality in humans. Among others, leptospirosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases worldwide and has the similar clinical manifestation with hantavirus infection in humans. Despite the fact that both pathogens have great epidemiological significance in Europe, no epizootiological data exist for urbanized areas so far. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the occurrence and prevalence of Leptospira spp...
February 13, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
M L Cartter, R Lynfield, K A Feldman, S A Hook, A F Hinckley
Current surveillance methods have been useful to document geographic expansion of Lyme disease in the United States and to monitor the increasing incidence of this major public health problem. Nevertheless, these approaches are resource-intensive, generate results that are difficult to compare across jurisdictions, and measure less than the total burden of disease. By adopting more efficient methods, resources could be diverted instead to education of at-risk populations and new approaches to prevention. In this special issue of Zoonoses and Public Health, seven articles are presented that either evaluate traditional Lyme disease surveillance methods or explore alternatives that have the potential to be less costly, more reliable, and sustainable...
March 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Laura Tomassone, Eduardo Berriatua, Rita De Sousa, Gerhard Georg Duscher, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Cornelia Silaghi, Hein Sprong, Annetta Zintl
Wild vertebrates are involved in the transmission cycles of numerous pathogens. Additionally, they can affect the abundance of arthropod vectors. Urbanization, landscape and climate changes, and the adaptation of vectors and wildlife to human habitats represent complex and evolving scenarios, which affect the interface of vector, wildlife and human populations, frequently with a consequent increase in zoonotic risk. While considerable attention has focused on these interrelations with regard to certain major vector-borne pathogens such as Borrelia burgdorferi s...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Matthew J Buchholz, Cheryl Davis, Naomi S Rowland, Carl W Dick
The incidence of tick-borne zoonoses such as Lyme disease has steadily increased in the southeastern United States. Southeastern states accounted for 1500 of over 28,000 confirmed cases of Lyme disease reported in the United States during 2015. Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, is maintained in small mammal reservoirs and vectored to new hosts by ixodid ticks. This study examined ecological relationships of the B. burgdorferi/vector/reservoir system in order to understand the dynamics of Lyme disease risk in Kentucky...
February 7, 2018: Parasitology Research
Romina Valente, Maria Del Rosario Robles, Graciela T Navone, Julia I Diaz
BACKGROUND: Angiostrongyliasis is an infection caused by nematode worms of the genus Angiostrongylus. The adult worms inhabit the pulmonary arteries, heart, bronchioles of the lung, or mesenteric arteries of the caecum of definitive host. Of a total of 23 species of Angiostrongylus cited worldwide, only nine were registered in the American Continent. Two species, A. cantonensis and A. costaricensis, are considered zoonoses when the larvae accidentally parasitise man. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, geographical and chronological distribution of definitive hosts of Angiostrongylus in the Americas is analysed in order to observe their relationship with disease reports...
March 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Hamza Avcioglu, Esin Guven, Ibrahim Balkaya, Ridvan Kirman
Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE), one of the most threatening zoonoses in Eurasia. Human AE is widespread in the Erzurum region of Turkey, but the situation of the disease in intermediate and definitive hosts is unknown. A Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) was killed in a traffic accident in the north of Erzurum, and was taken to our laboratory. Sedimentation and counting technique (SCT), DNA isolation and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis were performed. The SCT results showed that the lynx was infected with E...
February 7, 2018: Parasitology
Alexandra L DeCandia, Andrew P Dobson, Bridgett M vonHoldt
Pathogens pose serious threats to human health, agricultural investment, and biodiversity conservation through the emergence of zoonoses, spillover to domestic livestock, and epizootic outbreaks. As such, wildlife managers are often tasked with mitigating the negative effects of disease. Yet parasites form a major component of biodiversity that often persist. Not only is this due to logistical challenges of implementing management strategies, but also to insufficient understanding of host-parasite dynamics...
January 29, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Pei-Ying Peng, Xian-Guo Guo, Dao-Chao Jin, Wen-Ge Dong, Ti-Jun Qian, Feng Qin, Zhi-Hua Yang, Rong Fan
From a previous field investigation in Yunnan, southwest China between 2001 and 2015, we selected two types of landscapes to make a retrospectively comparative study on the distribution of small mammals and their ectoparasitic chigger mites. One landscape is "mountainous uncultivated land (MUL)" with higher biodiversity, which is located in a famous "World Nature Heritage Site", the Three-Parallel-Rivers Region in the northwest of Yunnan. The other is "cultivated flatland landscape (CFL)" with lower biodiversity, which is located in the south of Yunnan...
2018: PloS One
Flavia Morán, Theresa J Ochoa
The objective of this review was to provide guidelines regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the most common infectious diseases in children during natural disasters, including floods such as those that occurred in the summer of 2017 in Peru. This instrument should be used by physicians and health personnel working in primary health care. The management of diarrheal, respiratory, skin, and eye diseases, vector-transmitted diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, and zoonoses such as leptospirosis is discussed...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Xin Xie, Jianghua Hu, Guizhen Sun, Bo Ding, Lei Feng
BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung, but fewer reported infections involve the eye. Because the majority of patients with sparganosis are adults, it is likely to be missed in children. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-year-old boy presented to our clinic complaining of a painless ocular mass in his right eye for 1 month...
January 22, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Susanne Fischer, Conrad M Freuling, Thomas Müller, Florian Pfaff, Ulrich Bodenhofer, Dirk Höper, Mareike Fischer, Denise A Marston, Anthony R Fooks, Thomas C Mettenleiter, Franz J Conraths, Timo Homeier-Bachmann
Rabies is caused by lyssaviruses, and is one of the oldest known zoonoses. In recent years, more than 21,000 nucleotide sequences of rabies viruses (RABV), from the prototype species rabies lyssavirus, have been deposited in public databases. Subsequent phylogenetic analyses in combination with metadata suggest geographic distributions of RABV. However, these analyses somewhat experience technical difficulties in defining verifiable criteria for cluster allocations in phylogenetic trees inviting for a more rational approach...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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