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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780018/overview-of-zoonotic-diseases-in-turkey-the-one-health-concept-and-future-threats
#1
Abdullah İnci, Mehmet Doğanay, Aykut Özdarendeli, Önder Düzlü, Alparslan Yıldırım
Zoonotic infections are globally important diseases and lead to huge economic losses in both low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes, illegal movement of animals and humans, regional civil wars, and poverty are predisposing factors for the emergence of zoonotic infections and their distribution worldwide; they are also a big threat for the future. In addition, environmental pollution and antimicrobial resistance are immense serious threats and dangers to prevent and control zoonotic infections...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773144/introduction-to-special-issue-on-canine-and-feline-vector-borne-diseases-and-relative-parasitic-zoonoses-current-status-across-europe-esccap
#2
EDITORIAL
Miró Guadalupe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770047/emerging-infectious-diseases-prediction-and-detection
#3
N H Ogden, P AbdelMalik, Jrc Pulliam
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs), including West Nile virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Lyme disease, have had a direct effect within Canada, while many more EIDs such as Zika, chikungunya and Ebola are a threat to Canadians while travelling. Over 75% of EIDs affecting humans are, or were originally, zoonoses (infectious diseases transmitted from animals to humans). There are two main ways by which infectious diseases can emerge: by changes in their geographical ranges and by adaptive emergence, a genetic change in a microorganism that results in it becoming capable of invading a new niche, often by jumping to a new host species such as humans...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756728/-hydatid-disease-in-children-of-buenos-aires-province
#4
Pilar Álvarez, Nicolás Castiglione, Sergio Moreno, Jorge Bolpe
Hydatidosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is endemic in Argentina and in the province of Buenos Aires, especially to the south of the Rio Salado basin. During 2014 and 2016, the Department of Rural Zoonoses was notified of 479 cases of hydatidosis, with 12.1% confirmed in children under 18 years of age. Fifty-nine percent corresponded to males and the group of 13 to 17 years was the most prevalent one (47%). Sixty-four percent had liver involvement, 22% pulmonary involvement, 5% hepatopulmonary involvement, 5% splenic involvement and 4% cerebral involvement...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741144/in-vitro-study-on-protoscolicidal-effect-of-methanolic-extract-of-allium-hirtifolium-on-protoscoleces-of-cystic-echinococcosis
#5
Z Shahamir Tabatabaei, S Dehshahri, M M Taghi, F Esfandiari, F S Sadjjadi, M Ebrahimipour, S M Sadjjadi
Surgery is the treatment of choice for treatment of human cystic echinococcosis/ hydatidosis which is one of the most important parasitic zoonoses worldwide. Due to the risk of cyst rupture during surgery a protoscolicidal agent is usually injected into the cyst before surgery to prevent secondary cyst formation in case of cyst rupture. Due to the side effects of chemical protoscolicidals agents attempts has been focused on herbal medicine.In this regard, Allium sativum has already been used; however, the protoscolicidal effect of Allium hirtifolium from Allium family has not been investigated, so far...
May 9, 2018: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738078/tick-borne-disease-risk-in-a-forest-food-web
#6
Richard S Ostfeld, Taal Levi, Felicia Keesing, Kelly Oggenfuss, Charles D Canham
Changes to the community ecology of hosts for zoonotic pathogens, particularly rodents, are likely to influence the emergence and prevalence of zoonotic diseases worldwide. However, the complex interactions between abiotic factors, pathogens, vectors, hosts, and both food resources and predators of hosts are difficult to disentangle. Here we (1) use 19 years of data from six large field plots in southeastern New York to compare the effects of hypothesized drivers of interannual variation in Lyme disease risk, including the abundance of acorns, rodents, and deer, as well as a series of climate variables; and (2) employ landscape epidemiology to explore how variation in predator community structure and forest cover influences spatial variation in the infection prevalence of ticks for the Lyme disease bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, and two other important tick-borne pathogens, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti...
May 8, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732670/spores-and-soil-from-six-sides-interdisciplinarity-and-the-environmental-biology-of-anthrax-bacillus-anthracis
#7
Colin J Carlson, Wayne M Getz, Kyrre L Kausrud, Carrie A Cizauskas, Jason K Blackburn, Fausto A Bustos Carrillo, Rita Colwell, W Ryan Easterday, Holly H Ganz, Pauline L Kamath, Ole A Økstad, Wendy C Turner, Anne-Brit Kolstø, Nils C Stenseth
Environmentally transmitted diseases are comparatively poorly understood and managed, and their ecology is particularly understudied. Here we identify challenges of studying environmental transmission and persistence with a six-sided interdisciplinary review of the biology of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis). Anthrax is a zoonotic disease capable of maintaining infectious spore banks in soil for decades (or even potentially centuries), and the mechanisms of its environmental persistence have been the topic of significant research and controversy...
May 6, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720245/human-platelet-lysate-in-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-expansion-according-to-a-gmp-grade-protocol-a-cell-factory-experience
#8
Valentina Becherucci, Luisa Piccini, Serena Casamassima, Silvia Bisin, Valentina Gori, Francesca Gentile, Riccardo Ceccantini, Elena De Rienzo, Barbara Bindi, Paola Pavan, Vanessa Cunial, Elisa Allegro, Stefano Ermini, Francesca Brugnolo, Giuseppe Astori, Franco Bambi
BACKGROUND: The use of platelet lysate (PL) for the ex-vivo expansion of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) was initially proposed by Doucet et al. in 2005, as an alternative to animal serum. Moreover, regulatory authorities discourage the use of fetal bovine serum (FBS) or other animal derivatives, to avoid risk of zoonoses and xenogeneic immune reactions. Even if many studies investigated PL composition, there still are some open issues related to its use in ex-vivo MSC expansion, especially according to good manufacturing practice (GMP) grade protocols...
May 2, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715287/multisectoral-prioritization-of-zoonotic-diseases-in-uganda-2017-a-one-health-perspective
#9
Musa Sekamatte, Vikram Krishnasamy, Lilian Bulage, Christine Kihembo, Noelina Nantima, Fred Monje, Deo Ndumu, Juliet Sentumbwe, Betty Mbolanyi, Robert Aruho, Winyi Kaboyo, David Mutonga, Colin Basler, Sarah Paige, Casey Barton Behravesh
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic diseases continue to be a public health burden globally. Uganda is especially vulnerable due to its location, biodiversity, and population. Given these concerns, the Ugandan government in collaboration with the Global Health Security Agenda conducted a One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization Workshop to identify zoonotic diseases of greatest national concern to the Ugandan government. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization tool, a semi-quantitative tool developed by the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701663/campylobacteriosis-salmonellosis-yersiniosis-and-listeriosis-as-zoonotic-foodborne-diseases-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Agnieszka Chlebicz, Katarzyna Śliżewska
Zoonoses are diseases transmitted from animals to humans, posing a great threat to the health and life of people all over the world. According to WHO estimations, 600 million cases of diseases caused by contaminated food were noted in 2010, including almost 350 million caused by pathogenic bacteria. Campylobacter , Salmonella , as well as Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes may dwell in livestock (poultry, cattle, and swine) but are also found in wild animals, pets, fish, and rodents. Animals, often being asymptomatic carriers of pathogens, excrete them with faeces, thus delivering them to the environment...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698959/lectin-affinity-plasmapheresis-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-and-marburg-virus-glycoprotein-elimination
#11
Benjamin Koch, Patricia Schult-Dietrich, Stefan Büttner, Bijan Dilmaghani, Dario Lohmann, Patrick C Baer, Ursula Dietrich, Helmut Geiger
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Marburg virus (MARV) are among the World Health Organization's top 8 emerging pathogens. Both zoonoses share nonspecific early symptoms, a high lethality rate, and a reduced number of specific treatment options. Therefore, we evaluated extracorporeal virus and glycoprotein (GP) elimination by lectin affinity plasmapheresis (LAP). METHODS: For both MERS-CoV (pseudovirus) as well as MARV (GPs), 4 LAP devices (Mini Hemopurifiers, Aethlon Medical, San Diego, CA, USA) and 4 negative controls were tested...
April 26, 2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698074/use-of-a-compounded-poloxamer-407-antibiotic-topical-therapy-as-part-of-the-successful-management-of-chronic-ulcerative-dermatitis-in-a-congo-african-grey-parrot-psittacus-erithacus
#12
Anthony A Pilny
A 23-year-old, 425-g male African grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) was evaluated for chronic ulcerative dermatitis of the axillary regions under both wings. Initial swab cultures of the sites had revealed a coagulase-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureas (MRSA) with marked antibiotic resistance. A second swab culture obtained 8 weeks after the initial culture showed heavy growth of a coagulase-positive Staphylococcus species, which could not be speciated, but showed the same sensitivity as the previous culture...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696599/multi-stage-vector-borne-zoonoses-models-a-global-analysis
#13
Derdei Bichara, Abderrahman Iggidr, Laura Smith
A class of models that describes the interactions between multiple host species and an arthropod vector is formulated and its dynamics investigated. A host-vector disease model where the host's infection is structured into n stages is formulated and a complete global dynamics analysis is provided. The basic reproduction number acts as a sharp threshold, that is, the disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable (GAS) whenever [Formula: see text] and that a unique interior endemic equilibrium exists and is GAS if [Formula: see text]...
April 25, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691859/survey-of-rabies-vaccination-status-of-queensland-veterinarians-and-veterinary-students
#14
D Mendez, L Foyle, R Cobbold, R Speare
BACKGROUND: To determine the rabies vaccination status of Queensland veterinarians and veterinary students and their perception of zoonotic risk from Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire surveys. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post in 2011 to veterinary surgeons registered in Queensland, to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University via SurveyMonkey® in 2013 and to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University and University of Queensland via SurveyMonkey® in 2014...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666821/probiotics-for-the-control-of-helminth-zoonosis
#15
REVIEW
Abadi Amare Reda
This paper is a comprehensive, concise, and an up to date review about probiotics effect and mechanisms against helminth infections of zoonotic importance. Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans in a reversible way. Despite zoonotic helminth diseases being still a challenge to the public health and the agriculture industries globally, they were still neglected in both human and veterinary medicine. Moreover, the increasing emergence of anthelmintic drug resistance constitutes failures of most disease control strategies, alarming for a quest to new alternative control approaches...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665876/diversity-distribution-and-parasitism-rates-of-fleas-insecta-siphonaptera-on-sigmodontine-rodents-cricetidae-from-argentinian-patagonia
#16
J Sanchez, M Lareschi
Fleas have great medical relevance as vectors of the causative agents of several diseases in animals and humans and rodents are the principal reservoirs for these pathogens. Argentinian Patagonia has the highest diversity of rodent fleas in South America. However, parasitism rates of rodents by fleas, the factors that influence them and the ecological aspects that modulate geographical distributions of flea-host association remain unknown for this region. This is the first study to record the diversity, prevalence, abundance, geographical distributions and host ranges of fleas in Argentinian Patagonia...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649313/serosurveillance-of-coxiellosis-q-fever-and-brucellosis-in-goats-in-selected-provinces-of-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#17
Rebekah J L Burns, Bounlom Douangngeun, Watthana Theppangna, Syseng Khounsy, Mavuto Mukaka, Paul W Selleck, Eric Hansson, Matthew D Wegner, Peter A Windsor, Stuart D Blacksell
Goat raising is a growing industry in Lao People's Democratic Republic, with minimal disease investigation to date especially zoonoses. This study determined the proportional seropositivity of two zoonotic diseases: Q fever (causative agent Coxiella burnetii) and Brucellosis (Brucella species) in goats across five provinces (Vientiane Capital, Xayaboury, Xiengkhuang, Savannakhet and Attapeu). A total of 1458 goat serum samples were tested using commercial indirect ELISA for both pathogens, plus Rose Bengal agglutination test for Brucellosis...
April 12, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643078/-ehrlichia-chaffeensis-trp75-interacts-with-host-cell-targets-involved-in-homeostasis-cytoskeleton-organization-and-apoptosis-regulation-to-promote-infection
#18
Tian Luo, Shubhajit Mitra, Jere W McBride
Ehrlichia chaffeensis is an obligately intracellular bacterium that exhibits tropism for mononuclear phagocytes. The mechanisms involved in E. chaffeensis infection of the host cell and evasion of host defenses are not fully defined, but a subset of type 1 secreted tandem repeat protein (TRP) effectors play important roles. Recently, we determined molecular interactions of TRP120, TRP47, and TRP32 with the eukaryotic host cell. In this investigation, we used yeast two-hybrid analysis to reveal that another E...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616349/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-chitosan-praziquantel-and-chitosan-albendazole-nanoparticles-on-echinococcus-granulosus-metacestodes
#19
Negin Torabi, Faramarz Dobakhti, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Ali Haniloo
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is caused by the metacestode of Echinococcus granulosus, is one of the most important zoonoses affecting humans. Benzimidazoles (in particular albendazole) and praziquantel (PZQ) are effective against CE, but poor water solubility of these agents often leads to inadequate results. Here, we evaluate the effects of chitosan-albendazole (ChABZ) and chitosan-praziquantel (ChPZQ) nanoparticles as a new formulation on hydatid cysts both in vitro and in vivo. Developed microcysts in culture were treated with different concentrations of ChABZ and ChPZQ nanoparticles (either alone or in combination), and ABZ + PZQ suspension...
April 3, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563079/a-participatory-system-for-preventing-pandemics-of-animal-origins-pilot-study-of-the-participatory-one-health-disease-detection-podd-system
#20
Terdsak Yano, Somphorn Phornwisetsirikun, Patipat Susumpow, Surasing Visrutaratna, Karoon Chanachai, Polawat Phetra, Warangkhana Chaisowwong, Pairat Trakarnsirinont, Phonpat Hemwan, Boontuan Kaewpinta, Charuk Singhapreecha, Khwanchai Kreausukon, Arisara Charoenpanyanet, Chongchit Sripun Robert, Lamar Robert, Pranee Rodtian, Suteerat Mahasing, Ekkachai Laiya, Sakulrat Pattamakaew, Taweesart Tankitiyanon, Chalutwan Sansamur, Lertrak Srikitjakarn
BACKGROUND: Aiming for early disease detection and prompt outbreak control, digital technology with a participatory One Health approach was used to create a novel disease surveillance system called Participatory One Health Disease Detection (PODD). PODD is a community-owned surveillance system that collects data from volunteer reporters; identifies disease outbreak automatically; and notifies the local governments (LGs), surrounding villages, and relevant authorities. This system provides a direct and immediate benefit to the communities by empowering them to protect themselves...
March 21, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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