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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711557/postprandial-hypoglycemia-complication-of-peptic-ulcer-surgery
#1
Adnan Haider, James K Burks, H I Cheema, Angel Tejada
OBJECTIVE: Billroth II procedures (gastrojejunostomy with vagotomy) are seldom performed now, but were popular before the advent of histamine 2 (H2) receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Such procedures can be a cause of late postprandial hypoglycemia. METHOD: Formal evaluation, discussion of postprandial hypoglycemia. RESULTS: We present a case of an 85-year-old man who presented to the Endocrinology clinic with a complaint of "fainting spells following large meals...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697151/eus-guided-gastrojejunostomy-versus-laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-an-international-collaborative-study
#2
Manuel Perez-Miranda, Amy Tyberg, Daniel Poletto, Ernesto Toscano, Monica Gaidhane, Amit P Desai, Nikhil A Kumta, Lea Fayad, Jose Nieto, Marc Barthet, Raj Shah, Brian C Brauer, Reem Z Sharaiha, Michel Kahaleh
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastrojejunostomy (EUS-GJ) with placement of a lumen-apposing metal stent is a minimally invasive and efficacious procedure for gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) patients not amenable to surgery. Laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy (Lap-GJ) has traditionally been the standard of care. No direct comparison between EUS-GJ and Lap-GJ has been described. Our aim was to compare the clinical outcomes, success rate, and adverse events (AE) of EUS-GJ with Lap-GJ...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689322/linear-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-results-in-fewer-strictures-compared-to-circular-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-in-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-surgery
#3
Larissa Vines, Thomas Frick, Stefan Aczél, Dagmar L'Allemand, Jan Borovicka, Marc Schiesser
PURPOSE: Currently, there are two laparoscopic stapling techniques to perform the gastrojejunostomy in gastric bypass surgery: the linear stapling and circular stapling techniques. The aim of the study was to compare the two techniques regarding postoperative morbidity and weight loss at an accredited bariatric reference center in Switzerland. METHODS: We compared two consecutive cohorts at a single institution between November 2012 and June 2014 undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687510/flange-gastroenterostomy-results-in-reduction-in-delayed-gastric-emptying-after-standard-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Adeel S Khan, Greg Williams, Cheryl Woolsey, Jingxia Liu, Ryan C Fields, Majella Mb Doyle, William G Hawkins, Steven M Strasberg
INTRODUCTION: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common serious problem after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Flange gastrojejunostomy (FL-GE) is a previously described technique that creates an internal flange in a hand sewn gastroenterostomy. Results of FL-GE on incidence and severity of DGE after PD are presented. METHODS: Data were extracted from a prospective database of PD. Standard PD with antrectomy were performed -with Flange Gastroenterostomy (FL-GE) or other techniques (NonFL-GE) at a single institution...
July 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686925/recurrent-gastric-cancer-metastasizing-to-the-bone-marrow-a-case-report-of-a-rare-presentation
#5
Ernest Fonocho, Nail Aydin, Srini Reddy, Subhasis Misra
INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer notoriously recurs post curative surgical resection. While there may be visceral metastasis to peritoneal surfaces, bone marrow involvement may also occur although with rarity. We present a case report of recurrent gastric cancer with bone marrow metastasis in a patient with no evidence of systemic disease on follow-up for two years post surgical resection. This case demonstrates the need of heightened clinical suspicion in these patients. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of a patient who presented with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma to the bone marrow two years post R0 subtotal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy without evidence of systemic disease on follow up for two years...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676052/comparison-of-different-feeding-regimes-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#6
Théophile Guilbaud, David Jérémie Birnbaum, Sandrine Loubière, Julien Bonnet, Sophie Chopinet, Emilie Grégoire, Stéphane Berdah, Jean Hardwigsen, Vincent Moutardier
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most frequent pancreatic specific complication (PSC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Several gastric decompression systems exist to manage DGE. Patients with a pancreatic tumor require prolonged nutrition; however, controversies exist concerning nutrition protocol after PD. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of nasogastric (NG), gastrostomy (GT), and gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes with different feeding systems on postoperative courses...
July 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662534/successful-ercp-through-an-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastrojejunostomy
#7
Olaya I Brewer Gutierrez, Majidah Bukhari, Yen I Chen, Omid Sanaei, Mouen A Khashab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660836/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-of-laparoscopic-duodenojejunostomy-as-the-operation-of-choice
#8
G C Kirby, E R Faulconer, S J Robinson, A Perry, R Downing
INTRODUCTION The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, or Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare cause of postprandial epigastric pain, vomiting and weight loss caused by compression of the third part of the duodenum as it passes beneath the proximal superior mesenteric artery. The syndrome may be precipitated by sudden weight loss secondary to other pathologies, such as trauma, malignancy or eating disorders. Diagnosis is confirmed by angiography, which reveals a reduced aorto-SMA angle and distance, and contrast studies showing duodenal obstruction...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660359/non-alcoholic-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-with-cortical-involvement-and-polyneuropathy-following-gastrectomy
#9
Wei-Chia Tsao, Long-Sun Ro, Chiung-Mei Chen, Hong-Chiu Chang, Hung-Chou Kuo
In this study, we present the clinical manifestations, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and concurrent polyneuropathies in two patients with non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II) anastomosis procedures. These patients developed sub-acute onset of disorientation and disturbance of consciousness following several weeks of poor intake. Peripheral neuropathy of varying severity was noted before and after the onset of WE. Brain MRI of the patients showed cerebellar vermis and symmetric cortical abnormalities in addition to typical WE changes...
June 28, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645925/strangulated-gastric-prolapse-through-a-gastrostomy-site-requiring-emergent-partial-gastrectomy
#10
Shepard Peir Johnson, Benjamin Roose, Mary-Margaret Brandt, Harry Linne Anderson
Strangulated gastric prolapse through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tract is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication that requires surgical intervention. We describe a case of a 74-year-old woman who was debilitated and ventilator-dependent and who presented with acute gastric prolapse with resultant ischaemic necrosis. The patient underwent an emergent exploratory laparotomy, partial gastrectomy, repair of gastrostomy defect and placement of a gastrojejunostomy feeding tube remote to the previous location...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640944/rare-complication-of-gastrojejunostomy
#11
Hobia Gole, Thomas Arthur, Hajir Nabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638589/gastrocolic-fistula-presented-as-an-early-complication-of-gastric-surgery-in-a-42-year-old-man
#12
Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Sara Shafiei Pour, Masood Dehghani, Nazanin Eslami
Currently, surgery is less needed for the treatment of refractory peptic ulcer disease (PUD) or its complications. So, the complications of PUD surgery have been clearly declined. Here in, we present a 42-year-old man with chronic watery diarrhea and significant weight loss during 2 years after gastrojejunostomy for the treatment of obstructive PUD. Small bowel gastrointestinal series showed rapid transit without passage of contrast in the parts of small bowel. The patient was scheduled for exploratory laparotomy...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637105/cytomegalovirus-gastric-ulcer-complicated-with-pyloric-obstruction-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis
#13
Sung Hwan Kang, Kee Myung Lee, Sung Jae Shin, Sun Kyo Lim, Jae Chul Hwang, Jin Hong Kim
In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections could aggravate the course of IBD but it is difficult to distinguish CMV infection from IBD exacerbation endoscopically. Usually, CMV tends to localize to the colon and other organic involvements were reported very rare in the IBD patients. Herein, we report a case that CMV gastric ulcer complicated with pyloric obstruction in a patient with ulcerative colitis during ganciclovir therapy, which was resolved by surgical gastrojejunostomy with review of literature...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631218/an-observational-study-of-the-effect-of-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-quality-of-life-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#14
Rejko Krüger, Paul Lingor, Triantafyllos Doskas, Johanna M L Henselmans, Erik H Danielsen, Oriol de Fabregues, Alessandro Stefani, Sven-Christian Sensken, Juan Carlos Parra, Koray Onuk, Ashley Yegin, Angelo Antonini
INTRODUCTION: Continuous delivery of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) by percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEG-J) in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients reduces variability in plasma levels, providing better control of motor fluctuations ("on" and "off" states). The MONOTREAT study assessed the effect of LCIG on activities of daily living, motor and non-motor symptoms, and quality of life in advanced PD patients. METHODS: This prospective, observational study included patients with advanced, levodopa-responsive PD with either 2-4 h of "off" time or 2 h of dyskinesia daily...
June 19, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597677/endoscopic-management-of-afferent-loop-syndrome-caused-by-enteroliths-and-anastomotic-stricture-a-case-report
#15
Ana Rita Alves, Nuno Almeida, Margarida Ferreira, Luís Tomé
Afferent loop syndrome (ALS) is a rare complication of Billroth-II gastrojejunostomy. Causes of afferent loop obstruction include adhesions, internal hernias, intestinal strictures or malignancy. Obstruction caused by enteroliths is rare and usually requires surgery. We present the case of a 90-year-old man with a Billroth-II performed 50 years earlier and three acute pancreatitis. He presented with acute abdominal pain, without signs of pancreatitis. Upper digestive endoscopy revealed a punctiform anastomotic stricture of the afferent loop...
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584843/ruptured-dissecting-intramural-duodenal-hematoma-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#16
Eric Weiss, Madeline Tadley, Pak S Leung, Mark Kaplan
A 34-year-old woman with schizophrenia developed abdominal pain. Ultrasound demonstrated cholelithiasis and a dilated biliary tree. The patient underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), sphincterotomy, and extraction of gallstones from the common bile duct. She developed post-procedure fever, tachycardia, and abdominal pain and was taken to the operating room for urgent cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiogram. At laparotomy, an intramural dissecting duodenal hematoma was discovered, which extended the length of the duodenum and ruptured...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578981/robotic-pancreatoduodenectomy-biotissue-curriculum-has-validity-and-improves-technical-performance-for-surgical-oncology-fellows
#17
Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Yong Chen, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
OBJECTIVE: Obtaining the proficiency on the robotic platform necessary to safely perform a robotic pancreatoduodenectomy is particularly challenging. We hypothesize that by instituting a proficiency-based robotic training curriculum we can enhance novice surgeons' skills outside of the operating room, leading to a shorter learning curve. DESIGN: A biotissue curriculum was designed consisting of sewing artificial organs to simulate a hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), gastrojejunostomy (GJ), and pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576428/surgical-management-of-corrosive-induced-gastric-injury-in-children-10years-experience
#18
Khaled M El-Asmar, Ayman M Allam
AIM: The purpose of this study was to report surgical management and outcome of corrosive-induced gastric injuries in children at our institute over the last decade. PATIENTS & METHOD: Medical records of patients admitted for corrosive-induced gastric injury at the Pediatric Surgery Department of Ain Shams University between January 2007 and January 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty six cases (17 boys and 9 girls) were enrolled...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552743/-candy-cane-syndrome-an-underappreciated-cause-of-abdominal-pain-and-nausea-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#19
Amir H Aryaie, Mojtaba Fayezizadeh, Yuxiang Wen, Mohammed Alshehri, Mujjahid Abbas, Leena Khaitan
BACKGROUND: "Candy cane" syndrome (a blind afferent Roux limb at the gastrojejunostomy) has been implicated as a cause of abdominal pain, nausea, and emesis after Roux-n-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) but remains poorly described. OBJECTIVES: To report that "candy cane" syndrome is real and can be treated effectively with revisional bariatric surgery SETTING: All patients underwent "candy cane" resection at University Hospitals of Cleveland. METHODS: All patients who underwent resection of the "candy cane" between January 2011 and July 2015 were included...
April 8, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549684/primary-laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-tubes-as-a-feeding-modality-in-the-pediatric-population
#20
Chinwendu Onwubiko, Brent R Weil, Sigrid Bairdain, Amber M Hall, Julia M Perkins, Hariharan Thangarajah, Maireade E McSweeney, C Jason Smithers
PURPOSE: Outcomes associated with primary laparoscopic gastrojejunal (GJ) tube placement in the pediatric population were evaluated. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective review examined patients undergoing laparoscopic GJ tube placement between June 2011 and December 2014. Outcomes included gastric feeding tolerance, subsequent fundoplication, complications, and mortality. RESULTS: Ninety laparoscopic GJ tubes were placed. Median follow-up was 342days (interquartile range [IQR]=141-561days)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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