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Yuqin Huang, Sen Wang, Dong Tang, Youquan Shi, Wei Wang, Yang Chong, Huaicheng Zhou, Qingquan Xiong, Jie Wang, Daorong Wang
Uncut Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy is a modification of the Billroth II procedure with Braun anastomosis, in which a jejunal occlusion is fashioned to avoid the Roux Stasis Syndrome. This review aimed to summarize the current knowledge about the uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis operation, so that surgeons may be able to make informed decisions about its clinical application. Additionally, we hope that our findings will guide future research on this topic. Areas covered: The original uncut technique was associated with dehiscence or recanalization of the jejunal occlusion, and was therefore not widely applied...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Maria Eliza Freitas, Marta Ruiz-Lopez, Susan H Fox
Levodopa remains the most effective treatment for Parkinson's disease and is considered the gold standard therapy. However, disease progression and changes in the gastrointestinal tract result in a declining window of treatment response in a majority of patients. Efforts have been made recently to improve levodopa bioavailability either by developing more effective oral formulations or by innovating routes of administration (intestinal infusion, transcutaneous or inhaled levodopa). IPX066 is a novel levodopa-carbidopa (LD/CD) oral formulation combining immediate-release (IR) and extended-release (ER) LD/CD recently approved in the USA and the EU...
October 14, 2016: CNS Drugs
Dooin Lee, Jae Hoon Lee, Dongho Choi, Chang Moo Kang, Jae Uk Chong, Song-Chul Kim, Kyeong Geun Lee
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in Korea. Although the long-term survival outcome has improved, secondary primary tumors from periampullary regions are increasing inevitably and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) following gastrectomy is challenging. This study evaluates the surgical outcomes of PD following gastrectomy and suggests the optimum method for reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative PD with a history of gastric resection between 2005 and 2015 were assessed retrospectively...
October 11, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Bojan Kovacevic, Peter Vilmann, John Gásdal Karstensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Eduardo Arevalo Vidal, Francisco Abarca Rendon, Trino Andrade Zambrano, Yudoco Andrade García, Mario Ferrin Viteri, Josemberg Marins Campos, Manoela Galvão Ramos, Almino Cardoso Ramos
Background: Intestinal malrotation is a rare congenital anomaly. In adults is very difficult to recognize due to the lack of symptoms. Diagnosis is usually incidental during surgical procedures or at autopsy. Aim: To review the occurrence and recognition of uneventful intestinal malrotation discovered during regular cases of bariatric surgeries. Methods: Were retrospectively reviewed the medical registry of 20,000 cases undergoing bariatric surgery, from January 2002 to January 2016, looking for the occurrence of intestinal malrotation and consequences in the intraoperative technique and immediate evolution of the patients...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Ken Yuu, Hiroshi Kawashima, Sho Toyoda, Satoshi Okumura, Kansuke Yamamoto, Naoto Mizumura, Aya Ito, Hiromitsu Maehira, Atsuo Imagawa, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama
An 80-year-old man who had undergone distal gastrectomy and Billroth-II gastrojejunostomy 38 years previously, for a benign gastric ulcer, was diagnosed with remnant gastric cancer based on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings. He presented at our emergency department with acute-onset epigastric pain due to perforated remnant gastric cancer. Conservative medical management was selected, including nasogastric tube insertion, antibiotics, and proton pump inhibitors, because his peritonitis was limited to his epigastrium and his general condition was stable...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Brittany A Potz, Thomas J Miner
Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is a common problem associated with advanced malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Palliative treatment of patients' symptoms who present with GOO is an important aspect of their care. Surgical palliation of malignancy is defined as a procedure performed with the intention of relieving symptoms caused by an advanced malignancy or improving quality of life. Palliative treatment for GOO includes operative (open and laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy) and non-operative (endoscopic stenting) options...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Ken Liu, Vikram Joshi, Payal Saxena, Arthur J Kaffes
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with roux-en-Y anastomosis (REYA) is challenging. Use of double balloon enteroscope-assisted ERCP (DBE-ERCP) has been successful. We aim to determine predictors of successful biliary cannulation with DBE-ERCP in patients with REYA. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with REYA who had DBE-ERCP between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: 86 DBE-ERCP were done on 52 patients...
September 17, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
S K Natarajan, D Chua, K Anbalakan, V G Shelat
PURPOSE: Marginal ulcer (MU) is defined as ulcer on the jejunal side of the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) anastomosis. Most MUs are managed medically but those with complications like bleeding or perforation require intervention. It is recommended that GJ anastomosis be revised in patients with MU perforation (MUP). The aim of this case series is to study the clinical presentation and management of MUP. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-two patients who underwent emergency surgery for perforated peptic ulcer at a single center were studied over a period of 5 years...
September 12, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Yousuke Nakai, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Hiroyuki Isayama, Takao Itoi, Kazuhiko Koike
Patients with periampullary cancer or gastric cancer often develop malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO), and combined MBO and GOO is not rare in these patients. Combined MBO and GOO is classified by its location and sequence, and treatment strategy can be affected by this classification. Historically, palliative surgery, hepaticojejunostomy and gastrojejunostomy were carried out, but the current standard treatment is combined transpapillary stent and duodenal stent placement...
August 23, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Mark E Sharafinski, Elizabeth Sehnert, David Moe, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Nghia J Vo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether embedding into the radiology report a patient-specific plan in the event of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube dysfunction reduces the need for after-hours utilization of pediatric interventional radiology resources for the replacement of GJ tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective repeated cross-sectional study of patients requiring after-hours (5 PM-7 AM) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday) GJ tube replacement at a dedicated children's hospital, before and after the inclusion of a patient-specific plan in the radiology report as part of the electronic medical record...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jiaming Zhu, Weidong Zang, Lu Zang, Yong Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of uncut Roux-en-Y gastroduodenostomy in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 30 gastric cancer patients from 4 hospitals undergoing TLDG plus uncut Roux-en-Y gastroduodenostomy from February 2014 to January 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Among 30 gastric cancer patients, 8 were in Guangdong General Hospital, 9 in The Second Hospital of Jilin University, 4 in Ruijin Hospital and 9 in Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, who were diagnosed as distal gastric cancer by pathology without distant metastasis...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Tcc Boerlage, H S Hermanides, D E Moes, I L Tan, Gmp Houben, Yiz Acherman
A 43-year-old female patient suffered from persistent anastomotic leakage after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Endoscopic stenting of the anastomotic leakage was performed. The patient presented with haematemesis 3 weeks later. An aorto-oesophageal fistula was diagnosed, most likely due to ulceration of the oesophageal stent. The fistula was closed with an endovascular covered aortic stent and a new gastrojejunostomy was created. One year after surgery, the patient is in good condition. Endoscopic stents are increasingly being used to treat anastomotic leakage in bariatric patients...
August 11, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Enrico Fiori, Antonio V Sterpetti, Alesando De Cesare, Antonietta Lamazza
BACKGROUND: Controversies exist about the optimal palliative management for patients with metastatic antropyloric adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical outcome for patients with gastric outlet obstruction syndrome and metastatic antropyloric adenocarcinoma, who underwent endoscopic stenting or open gastrojejunostomy, in a prospective not randomised study. MATERIAL: The clinical course and costs for 70 patients who had endoscopic stenting and for 30 patients who had in the same period a gastrojejunostomy for gastric outlet obstruction syndrome due to metastatic adenocarcinoma of the antropyloric region were prospectively analysed...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Sudipta Dhar Chowdhury, Reuben Thomas Kurien, A Kumar Bharath, Amit Kumar Dutta, Deepu David, C Kumar Bharath, Anjilivelil Joseph Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
Yuzan Kudo, Norihiro Sato, Toshihisa Tamura, Keiji Hirata
Bypass surgery for cancer of the pancreatic head is usually done to palliate the obstructive symptoms in the biliary and/or digestive system. However, it is uncommon for patients to require pancreatic duct drainage for recurrent obstructive pancreatitis. In this article, we report a surgical technique of triple bypass consisting of Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy, gastrojejunostomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy for advanced pancreatic cancer. A 76-year-old male patient with locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic head cancer was referred to our department for biliary stricture, duodenal stenosis, and recurrent obstructive pancreatitis associated with persistent pancreatic pseudocyst...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Tomoya Tsukada, Masahide Kaji, Jun Kinoshita, Koichi Shimizu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic anastomotic methods are not commonly used because of the cumbersome laparoscopic intracorporeal sutures and tying involved. The barbed suture is one of the various devices developed to simplify the placement of intracorporeal sutures. However, barbed sutures are not commonly used during reconstruction after radical gastrectomy in cancer patients or for single-layer entire-thickness running suturing for intestinal anastomoses. We describe the procedure for using barbed sutures and report on the short-term surgical outcomes...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Raghavendra Rao, Kristoffel R Dumon, Christopher J Neylan, Jon B Morris, Elijah W Riddle, Richard Sensenig, Yangseon Park, Noel N Williams, Daniel T Dempsey, Ari D Brooks
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of a team-based surgical skills intervention on the technical and nontechnical skills of surgery residents. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study with pretesting or posttesting. We designed basic tasks for the assessment and learning of nontechnical skills in the operating room (OR). A total of 15 postgraduate year 1 residents performed an open gastrojejunostomy in a simulated OR setting (pretest), followed by training in the 3 team-based tasks designed to teach communication and teamwork, followed by performance of a gastrojejunostomy in the simulated OR (posttest)...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Rebekah M Mack, Benjamin Staiger, Daniel K Langlois, Stephen J Mehler, Nathaniel Lam, Trevor Moore, Andrew Brown, Matthew W Beal
OBJECTIVE: To develop and describe a technique for percutaneous radiologic gastrojejunostomy tube placement in the dog. DESIGN: Prospective technique development study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult male Beagles. INTERVENTIONS: Following anesthetic induction, fluoroscopic and ultrasound guidance were used to identify an appropriate gastropexy site on the left lateral abdomen...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Satoshi Kobayashi, Makoto Ueno, Ryo Kameda, Satoshi Moriya, Kuniyasu Irie, Yoshihiro Goda, Shun Tezuka, Naoki Yanagida, Shinichi Ohkawa, Toru Aoyama, Soichiro Morinaga, Manabu Morimoto
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic duodenal stenting has recently been proposed as a substitute for surgical gastrojejunostomy for the treatment of gastric outlet obstruction. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of duodenal stenting followed by systemic chemotherapy for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer with gastric outlet obstruction. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study, conducted at an academic medical center, of 71 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and gastric outlet obstruction (mean age: 67...
July 11, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
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