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gastric outlet obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771770/biliary-stenosis-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-late-complications-after-acute-pancreatitis-with-pancreatic-duct-disruption
#1
Motokazu Sugimoto, David P Sonntag, Greggory S Flint, Cody J Boyce, John C Kirkham, Tyler J Harris, Sean M Carr, Brent D Nelson, Don A Bell, Joshua G Barton, L William Traverso
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic duct disruption (PDD) after acute pancreatitis can cause pancreatic collections in the early phase and biliary stenosis (BS) or gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) in the late phase. We aimed to document those late complications after moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between September 2010 and August 2014, 141 patients showed pancreatic collections on computed tomography. Percutaneous drainage was primarily performed for patients with signs or symptoms of uncontrolled pancreatic juice leakage...
May 15, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763988/adjusting-the-length-and-direction-of-the-redundant-duodenal-stent-using-a-detachable-snare-and-endoclips
#2
Takashi Sasaki, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Junko Fujisaki
A 43-year-old woman with advanced gastric cancer was presented with gastric outlet obstruction. Duodenal stent (WallFlex duodenal soft 22mm x 12cm, Boston Scientific, Japan) was deployed to cover the stricture between antrum and 2nd part of duodenum. The stent did not expand fully because of the tight stricture even after balloon dilation. The stent became longer than expected which caused the kinking at the stomach (Figure 1). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 15, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761324/temporary-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-in-post-gastrectomy-complications
#3
Hyun Jin Oh, Chul-Hyun Lim, Seung Bae Yoon, Han Hee Lee, Jin Su Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metallic stents in the upper gastrointestinal tract are used for treating malignant esophageal or gastroduodenal outlet obstructions and fistulas. Recently, self-expandable metallic stent use has been expanded to benign esophageal or gastroduodenal strictures and post-operative complications. However, there is scarce data available regarding efficacy, long-term complications, and outcomes with the use of self-expandable metallic stent in benign disease, especially post-gastrectomy complications...
May 14, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760541/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-for-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatopancreatobiliary-cancers-a-personal-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Alba Manuel-Vázquez, Raquel Latorre-Fragua, Carmen Ramiro-Pérez, Aylhin López-Marcano, Roberto De la Plaza-Llamas, José Manuel Ramia
The major symptoms of advanced hepatopancreatic-biliary cancer are biliary obstruction, pain and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). For obstructive jaundice, surgical treatment should de consider in recurrent stent complications. The role of surgery for pain relief is marginal nowadays. On the last, there is no consensus for treatment of malignant GOO. Endoscopic duodenal stents are associated with shorter length of stay and faster relief to oral intake with more recurrent symptoms. Surgical gastrojejunostomy shows better long-term results and lower re-intervention rates, but there are limited data about laparoscopic approach...
May 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755896/bouveret-s-syndrome-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Fady G Haddad, Wissam Mansour, Liliane Deeb
It was in 1896 that Bouveret's syndrome acquired its name after the French physician Leon Bouveret, who published two case reports in Revue de Medecin. Bouveret's syndrome describes gastric outlet obstruction secondary to an impacted gallstone. The gallstone reaches the small bowel through a bilioenteric fistula as a consequence of chronic inflammation and adherence between the biliary system and the bowels which increase the intraluminal pressure and leads to secondary wall ischemia and wall perforation with gallstone passage into the bowel...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753623/endoscopic-duodenal-stent-versus-surgical-gastrojejunostomy-for-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Shinya Uemura, Takuji Iwashita, Keisuke Iwata, Tsuyoshi Mukai, Shinji Osada, Takafumi Sekino, Takahito Adachi, Masahiko Kawai, Ichiro Yasuda, Masahito Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) often develops in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC). It is not clear whether endoscopic duodenal stenting (DS) or surgical gastrojejunostomy (GJJ) is preferable as palliative treatment. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of GJJ and DS for GOO with APC. METHODS: Consecutive 99 patients who underwent DS or GJJ for GOO with APC were evaluated. We compared the technical and clinical success rates, the incidence of adverse event (AE), the time to start chemotherapy and discharge and survival durations between DS and GJJ...
May 3, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749338/gastric-outlet-obstruction-by-polypoid-tumors
#7
Herwig Cerwenka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741690/severe-multisystem-involvement-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ibrahim Adaletli, Emine Caliskan, Manolya Acar, Selda Hancerli Torun, Ayper Somer
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder identified by recurrent pyogenic and fungal infections infections secondary to defective nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase enzyme. In the present study, we demonstrated a case with a history of multiple segmental lung resections because of invasive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, multifocal hepatic and splenic granulomas, bilateral adnexal calcific foci presumed to be related with old granulomatous infection and finally gastric outlet obstruction secondary to the involvement of the stomach wall thickening with granulomatous tissue...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736167/mechanisms-and-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#9
REVIEW
Ari Garber, Catherine Frakes, Zubin Arora, Prabhleen Chahal
Acute pancreatitis represents a disorder characterized by acute necroinflammatory changes of the pancreas and is histologically characterized by acinar cell destruction. Diagnosed clinically with the Revised Atlanta Criteria, and with alcohol and cholelithiasis/choledocholithiasis as the two most prominent antecedents, acute pancreatitis ranks first amongst gastrointestinal diagnoses requiring admission and 21st amongst all diagnoses requiring hospitalization with estimated costs approximating 2.6 billion dollars annually...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735502/gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-rare-complication-in-patients-with-intragastric-balloon-treatment-for-obesity
#10
Nicoline Kool, Simon Andreas Müggler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725801/the-utility-and-efficacy-of-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-treating-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstructions-in-patients-under-best-supportive-care
#11
Yasuki Hori, Itaru Naitoh, Kazuki Hayashi, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Michihiro Yoshida, Yasuaki Fujita, Makoto Natsume, Naruomi Jinno, Akihisa Kato, Takahiro Nakazawa, Shuya Shimizu, Atsuyuki Hirano, Fumihiro Okumura, Tomoaki Ando, Hitoshi Sano, Hiroki Takada, Shozo Togawa, Takashi Joh
PURPOSE: Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) may be used to effectively palliate malignant gastric outlet obstructions (GOOs), but their utility and efficacy in patients under best supportive care (BSC) have not been explored. METHOD: In this multicenter retrospective study, we reviewed data on patients under BSC who underwent endoscopic SEMS placement to treat malignant GOO without chemotherapy. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of the procedure. RESULTS: We enrolled a total of 208 patients...
May 3, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692890/management-of-a-postbulbar-duodenal-ulcer-and-stricture-causing-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#12
Maxwell D Mirande, Raul A Mirande
Introduction: Peptic ulcer disease has significantly decreased over the past several decades making the need for definitive surgical intervention an infrequent occurrence. Presentation of Case: A 44-year-old Caucasian female was sent to the emergency department by her primary care physician for right upper quadrant abdominal pain which had been intermittent for the past two months but acutely worsened over the last five days. During this time, she was unable to tolerate oral intake with intractable nausea and vomiting...
May 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686795/rare-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#13
Sonal Gandhi, Niraj Jani
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction. The stones enter the small bowel via cholecysto-enteric fistula. The most common presenting symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The gold standard diagnostic test isesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Rigler's triad on abdominal x-ray is classic. CT scan findings are pneumobilia, cholecystoduodenal fistula and a gallstone in the duodenum. We present a case of a 75-year-old female who presents with 3 week history of nausea, vomiting, and diffuse abdominal pain...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682464/gastric-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-tumor-with-acute-intestinal-obstruction-vanek-s-tumor-can-mimick-a-giant-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-or-a-gastric-lymphoma
#14
Francesco Fleres, Carmelo Mazzeo, Antonio Ieni, Maurizio Rossitto, Eugenio Cucinotta
An inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a solitary rare benign neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract, frequently located in the gastric antrum. IFPs account for about 0.1% of all gastric polyps. We report a case of a giant gastric inflammatory polyp of 2.5 cm × 7 cm that determines a gastric outlet obstruction called "ball valve syndrome" mimicking a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and a gastric lymphoma, with an intestinal obstruction of high origin. Therefore, due to acute presentation we have decided to submit the patient to a subtotal gastrectomy...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650837/-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-elderly-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#15
Kurumi Tsuchihashi, Ken Yuu, Satoshi Okumura, Sho Toyoda, Hiroshi Yasuda, Kansuke Yamamoto, Aya Ito, Naoto Mizumura, Hiroshi Tsuchihashi, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama
A 90-year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital with a chief complaint of vomiting.Gastroscopy revealed type 3 gastric cancer and gastric outlet obstruction(GOO).Abdominal computed tomography revealed thickening of the antral wall and suggested the presence of 3 perigastric lymph node metastases, but there was no ascitic fluid or distant metastasis.The clinical diagnosis was T4a(SE)N2H0CYXP0M0, Stage III B, according to the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma.Her general conditions including kidney and cardiac function were good, we considered that she was able to tolerate radical distal gastrectomy...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644032/severe-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-with-diffuse-hemorrhagic-gastritis
#16
Timothy J Harris, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Benjamin Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph C Jensen, Anna Privratsky, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 67-year-old male presented with acute pancreatitis secondary to gallstones, also known as acute biliary pancreatitis, and subsequently developed gastric outlet obstruction and was transferred to our hospital. A gastro-jejunal feeding tube was placed and an open cholecystectomy was performed. The patient had a pancreatic drain placed for interval increase in pancreatic necrosis and then nearly exsanguinated from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm bleed. This was managed by coiling the gastroduodenal artery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643737/ectopic-pancreas-causing-partial-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Abdurrahaman Abba Sheshe, Ibrahim Yusuf
Ectopic pancreas is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction, perhaps rarer still among Africans. Although the entity is known, the diagnostic challenges are enormous, especially in the poor-resource environment. Gastric outlet obstruction resulting from ectopic pancreas in an adult is the first of its kind in our center; we, therefore, present this case to describe the challenges faced with diagnosis, treatment, and the lesson learned. Ectopic pancreas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastric outlet obstruction...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573112/isolated-colonic-hernia-through-the-oesophageal-hiatus-causing-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#18
Duncan Self, William Munro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551881/novel-modified-seldinger-technique-for-gastrojejunal-feeding-tube-placement
#19
Maitham A Moslim, Gavin A Falk, Federico G Seifarth
Background: Temporary or long-term nutritional support through gastrojejunal (GJ) feeding tubes is a safe and common means of enteral feeding in adults and children. It is indicated in patients with severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastric outlet obstruction, or severe gastric dysfunction or gastroparesis. Several techniques for GJ feeding tube placement have been reported. The most technically challenging part of GJ tube placement is the advancement and optimal positioning of the jejunal extension into the proximal jejunum...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548015/granular-cell-tumor-report-of-13-cases-in-a-veterans-administration-hospital
#20
Alexander D Jobrack, Suman Goel, Alvin M Cotlar
Introduction: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are of neuroectodermal origin and account for 0.5% of soft tissue tumors. They are most prevalent in African-Americans in the fourth to sixth decades, with a predilection for the head and neck regions. GCTs usually resemble more common lesions and hence are difficult to diagnose preoperatively. The tumor is readily identified on needle biopsy. Although usually benign with a malignancy rate of only 2-3%, the malignant form has a reported 3-yr mortality of 60%...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
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