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Iron loading

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739445/surface-charge-dependent-separation-of-modified-and-hybrid-ferritin-in-native-page-impact-of-lysine-104
#1
Biswamaitree Subhadarshanee, Abhinav Mohanty, Manas Kumar Jagdev, Dileep Vasudevan, Rabindra K Behera
Preparation of modified and hybrid ferritin provides a great opportunity to understand the mechanisms of iron loading/unloading, protein self-assembly, size constrained nanomaterial synthesis and targeted drug delivery. However, the large size (M.W. = 490kDa) has been limiting the separation of different modified and/or hybrid ferritin nanocages from each other in their intact assembled form and further characterization. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) separates proteins on the basis of both charge and mass, while maintaining their overall native structure and activity...
July 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738425/preparation-and-characterization-of-pegylated-iron-oxide-gold-nanoparticles-for-delivery-of-sulforaphane-and-curcumin
#2
Hossein Danafar, Ali Sharafi, Sonia Askarlou, Hamidreza Kheiri Manjili
Natural products have been used for the treatment of various diseases such as cancer. Curcumin (CUR) and sulforaphane (SF) have anti-cancer effects, but their application is restricted because of their low water solubility and poor oral bioavailability. To improve the bioavailability and solubility of SF and CUR, we performed an advanced delivery of SF and CUR with PEGylated gold coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (PEGylated Fe3O4@Au NPs) to endorse SF and CUR maintenance as an effective and promising antitumor drugs...
July 24, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732906/developing-of-a-magnetite-film-of-carboxymethyl-cellulose-grafted-carboxymethyl-polyvinyl-alcohol-cmc-g-cmpva-for-copper-removal
#3
Nuraina Anisa Dahlan, Anand Kumar Veeramachineni, Steven James Langford, Janarthanan Pushpamalar
Crosslinked carboxymethyl cellulose grafted carboxymethyl polyvinyl alcohol (CMC-g-CMPVA) was loaded with modified magnetite iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles to synthesise a new and easily separable adsorbent for the removal of copper (II) ions from water. The novel adsorbents were characterised by the presence of the functional group, surface morphology, crystallinity and magnetic property. The equilibrium time from the adsorption studies was found to be less than 240min for both film and bead forms while the rate of Cu(2+) removal decreased as the initial Cu(2+) concentration increased...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732867/nano-iron-oxide-impregnated-in-chitosan-bead-as-a-highly-efficient-sorbent-for-cr-vi-removal-from-water
#4
Jianbo Lu, Kai Xu, Jinmei Yang, Yarong Hao, Fang Cheng
Using Fe(III) salts and chitosan, nano iron oxide impregnated in chitosan bead (NIOC) was successfully synthesized for aqueous Cr(VI) detoxification via sol-gel technique without any additional crosslinking agent. NIOC characterization demonstrated that the iron in NIOC mainly existed as nano akaganeite (β-FeOOH) and complex with chitosan. Intraparticle diffusion was the major rate-limiting step. The maximal adsorption capacity was 69.8mg/g (pH 5.0, 20°C). Normal concentration of coexisting anions (SO4(2-), CO3(2-), SiO3(2)-) showed insignificant competition, whereas PO4(3-) suppressed the Cr(VI) sorption...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732855/effects-of-thermosensitive-chitosan-gelatin-based-hydrogel-containing-glutathione-on-cisd2-deficient-chondrocytes-under-oxidative-stress
#5
Yung-Hsin Cheng, Eddy Chavez, Kun-Ling Tsai, Kai-Chiang Yang, Wei-Ting Kuo, Yi-Ping Yang, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Feng-Huei Lin
Aging is considered as a primary risk factor in the development of osteoarthritis (OA) which associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 (Cisd2) deficiency causes mitochondrial dysfunction and drive premature aging. In the present study, thermosensitive chitosan-gelatin based hydrogel containing glutathione was developed as injectable drug delivery system for administration by minimal invasive surgery for the treatment of OA. Cisd2 deficiency (Cisd2(-/-)) mouse induced pluripotent stem cells-derived chondrocytes were established and characterized...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725638/isolation-of-f-novicida-containing-phagosome-from-infected-human-monocyte-derived-macrophages
#6
Valentina Marecic, Olga Shevchuk, Mateja Ozanic, Mirna Mihelcic, Michael Steinert, Antonija Jurak Begonja, Yousef Abu Kwaik, Marina Santic
Francisella is a gram-negative bacterial pathogen, which causes tularemia in humans and animals. A crucial step of Francisella infection is its invasion of macrophage cells. Biogenesis of the Francisella-containing phagosome (FCP) is arrested for ~15 min at the endosomal stage, followed by gradual bacterial escape into the cytosol, where the microbe proliferates. The crucial step in pathogenesis of tularemia is short and transient presence of the bacterium within phagosome. Isolation of FCPs for further studies has been challenging due to the short period of time of bacterial residence in it and the characteristics of the FCP...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723064/doxorubicin-intracellular-remote-release-from-biocompatible-oegma-based-magnetic-nanogels-triggered-by-magnetic-hyperthermia
#7
Esther Cazares-Cortes, Ana Espinosa, Jean-Michel Guigner, Aude Michel, Nébéwia Griffete, Claire Wilhelm, Christine Menager
Hybrid nanogels, composed of thermoresponsive polymers and superparamagnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are attractive nanocarriers for biomedical applications, being able - as polymer matrix - to uptake and release high quantities of chemotherapeutic agents and - as magnetic nanoparticles - to heat when exposed to an alternative magnetic field (AMF), better known as magnetic hyperthermia. Herein, biocompatible, pH-, magnetic- and thermo-responsive nanogels, based on oligo (ethylene glycol) methacrylate monomers (OEGMAs) and methacrylic acid co-monomer (MAA) were prepared by conventional precipitation radical co-polymerization in water, post-assembled by complexation with iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) of maghemite (-Fe2O3) and loaded with an anticancer drug (doxorubicin - DOX), for remotely controlled drug release by "hot-spot", as an athermal magnetic hyperthermia strategy against cancer...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710483/near-infrared-induced-phase-shifted-icg-fe3o4-loaded-plga-nanoparticles-for-photothermal-tumor-ablation
#8
Chengcheng Niu, Yan Xu, Senbo An, Ming Zhang, Yihe Hu, Long Wang, Qinghai Peng
Near-infrared (NIR) laser-induced photothermal therapy (PTT) uses a photothermal agent to convert optical energy into thermal energy and has great potential as an effective local, minimally invasive treatment modality for killing cancer cells. To improve the efficacy of PTT, we developed poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulating superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4), indocyanine green (ICG), and perfluoropentane (PFP) as synergistic agents for NIR laser-induced PTT. We fabricated a novel type of phase-shifting fluorescent magnetic NPs, Fe3O4/ICG@PLGA/PFP NPs, that effectively produce heat in response to NIR laser irradiation for an enhanced thermal ablation effect and a phase-shift thermoelastic expansion effect, and thus, can be used as a photothermal agent...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710276/atp-binding-and-hydrolysis-disrupts-the-high-affinity-interaction-between-the-heme-abc-transporter-hmuuv-and-its-cognate-substrate-binding-protein
#9
Hiba Qasem Abdullah, Michal Perach, Nurit Livnat-Levanon, Oded Lewinson
Using the energy of ATP hydrolysis ABC transporters catalyze the trans-membrane transport of molecules. In bacteria they partner with a high affinity substrate binding protein (SBP) to import essential micronutrients. ATP binding by Type-I ABC transporters (importers of amino acids, sugars, peptides, small ions) stabilizes the interaction between the transporter and the SBP, thus allowing transfer of the substrate from the latter to the former. In Type-II ABC transporters (importers of trace elements, e.g., vitamin B12, heme, iron-siderophores) the role of ATP remains debatable...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709252/magnetorheological-response-of-highly-filled-magnetoactive-elastomers-from-perspective-of-mechanical-energy-density-fractal-aggregates-above-the-nanometer-scale
#10
Vladislav V Sorokin, Inna A Belyaeva, Mikhail Shamonin, Elena Yu Kramarenko
The dynamic shear modulus of magnetoactive elastomers containing 70 and 80 mass % of carbonyl iron microparticles is measured as a function of strain amplitude via dynamic torsion oscillations in various magnetic fields. The results are presented in terms of the mechanical energy density and considered in the framework of the conventional Kraus model. The form exponent of the Kraus model is further related to a physical model of Huber et al. [Huber et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 8, 409 (1996)10.1088/0953-8984/8/29/003] that uses a realistic representation for the cluster network possessing fractal structure...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696433/elevated-plasma-ferritin-in-elderly-individuals-with-high-neocortical-amyloid-%C3%AE-load
#11
K Goozee, P Chatterjee, I James, K Shen, H R Sohrabi, P R Asih, P Dave, C ManYan, K Taddei, S J Ayton, M L Garg, J B Kwok, A I Bush, R Chung, J S Magnussen, R N Martins
Ferritin, an iron storage and regulation protein, has been associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, it has not been investigated in preclinical AD, detected by neocortical amyloid-β load (NAL), before cognitive impairment. Cross-sectional analyses were carried out for plasma and serum ferritin in participants in the Kerr Anglican Retirement Village Initiative in Aging Health cohort. Subjects were aged 65-90 years and were categorized into high and low NAL groups via positron emission tomography using a standard uptake value ratio cutoff=1...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695856/crystal-structure-of-yersinia-pestis-virulence-factor-yfea-reveals-two-polyspecific-metal-binding-sites
#12
Christopher D Radka, Lawrence J DeLucas, Landon S Wilson, Matthew B Lawrenz, Robert D Perry, Stephen G Aller
Gram-negative bacteria use siderophores, outer membrane receptors, inner membrane transporters and substrate-binding proteins (SBPs) to transport transition metals through the periplasm. The SBPs share a similar protein fold that has undergone significant structural evolution to communicate with a variety of differentially regulated transporters in the cell. In Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, YfeA (YPO2439, y1897), an SBP, is important for full virulence during mammalian infection. To better understand the role of YfeA in infection, crystal structures were determined under several environmental conditions with respect to transition-metal levels...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694463/contrast-enhanced-mr-microscopy-of-amyloid-plaques-in-five-mouse-models-of-amyloidosis-and-in-human-alzheimer-s-disease-brains
#13
Clémence Dudeffant, Matthias Vandesquille, Kelly Herbert, Clément M Garin, Sandro Alves, Véronique Blanchard, Emmanuel E Comoy, Fanny Petit, Marc Dhenain
Gadolinium (Gd)-stained MRI is based on Gd contrast agent (CA) administration into the brain parenchyma. The strong signal increase induced by Gd CA can be converted into resolution enhancement to record microscopic MR images. Moreover, inhomogeneous distribution of the Gd CA in the brain improves the contrast between different tissues and provides new contrasts in MR images. Gd-stained MRI detects amyloid plaques, one of the microscopic lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD), in APPSL/PS1M146L mice or in primates...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693103/functionalized-magnetic-iron-oxide-polyacrylonitrile-composite-electrospun-fibers-as-effective-chromium-vi-adsorbents-for-water-purification
#14
Rui Zhao, Xiang Li, Yumei Li, Yanzi Li, Bolun Sun, Nan Zhang, Shen Chao, Ce Wang
Inorganic/organic composite electrospun fibers have been extensively investigated as adsorbents for the wastewater treatment. In this study, branched polyethylenimine (b-PEI) functionalized magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) composite electrospun fiber adsorbent (b-PEI-FePAN) was fabricated and systematically explored for the removal of toxic hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)]. b-PEI grafted PAN organic component not only acted as the flexible substrate to load Fe3O4 particles but also made a contribution to the improved adsorption capacity...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690982/deferiprone-and-gallium-protoporphyrin-have-the-capacity-to-potentiate-the-activity-of-antibiotics-in-staphylococcus-aureus-small-colony-variants
#15
Katharina Richter, Nicky Thomas, Guimin Zhang, Clive A Prestidge, Tom Coenye, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde
Small colony variants (SCVs) of bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus are characterized by a reduced colony size and are linked to increased antibiotic tolerance and resistance. Their altered expression of virulence factors, slow growing properties and their ability to form biofilms make the eradication of SCVs challenging. In the context of biofilm-related infectious diseases involving S. aureus SCVs, a therapy targeting bacterial iron metabolism was evaluated. The combination of the iron-chelator deferiprone (Def) and the heme-analog gallium-protoporphyrin (GaPP), in solution and incorporated in a surgical wound gel, was tested for activity against planktonic and sessile SCVs...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689965/ph-and-nir-light-responsive-magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-mitochondria-mediated-apoptotic-cell-death-induced-by-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#16
Yunok Oh, Jae-Young Je, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Hansoo Seo, Won Ho Cho
Recently, various therapeutic strategies in anticancer drug development are focused to reduce adverse side effects and to enhance the therapeutic efficacy. Mostly, the iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have widely been utilized as an efficient drug delivery system towing to their unique properties such as excellent magnetic behavior, considerably low toxicity, easy surface modification and high drug-loading efficacy. In the present study, we synthesized a multifunctional, DMSA coated, water soluble Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@DMSA/DOX) for an effective pH and NIR-light triggered delivery of anticancer drug (DOX) in cancer therapy...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686269/iron-homeostasis-in-plants-a-brief-overview
#17
James M Connorton, Janneke Balk, Jorge Rodríguez-Celma
Iron plays a crucial role in biochemistry and is an essential micronutrient for plants and humans alike. Although plentiful in the Earth's crust it is not usually found in a form readily accessible for plants to use. They must therefore sense and interact with their environment, and have evolved two different molecular strategies to take up iron in the root. Once inside, iron is complexed with chelators and distributed to sink tissues where it is used predominantly in the production of enzyme cofactors or components of electron transport chains...
July 19, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684448/hemochromatosis-iron-loading-anemia-and-smad
#18
Victor R Gordeuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681881/gold-loaded-nanoporous-superparamagnetic-nanocubes-for-catalytic-signal-amplification-in-detecting-mirna
#19
Mostafa Kamal Masud, Md Nazmul Islam, Md Hakimul Haque, Shunsuke Tanaka, Vinod Gopalan, Gursel Alici, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Alfred K Lam, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Yusuke Yamauchi, Muhammad J A Shiddiky
This paper reports the development of a nonenzymatic, amplification-free, and sensitive platform for the detection of microRNA based on a new class of electrocatalytically active superparamagnetic gold-loaded nanoporous iron oxide nanocubes (Au@NPFe2O3NC). The assay showed an excellent detection sensitivity down to 100 fM and specificity towards the analysis of miR-21 in cell lines and tissue samples derived from patients with oesophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC).
July 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680861/nramp1-and-nrampb-contribute-to-resistance-against-francisella-in-dictyostelium
#20
Yannick Brenz, Denise Ohnezeit, Hanne C Winther-Larsen, Monica Hagedorn
The Francisella genus comprises highly pathogenic bacteria that can cause fatal disease in their vertebrate and invertebrate hosts including humans. In general, Francisella growth depends on iron availability, hence, iron homeostasis must be tightly regulated during Francisella infection. We used the system of the professional phagocyte Dictyostelium and the fish pathogen F. noatunensis subsp. noatunensis (F.n.n.) to investigate the role of the host cell iron transporters Nramp (natural resistance associated macrophage proteins) during Francisella infection...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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