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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341845/outside-in-inside-out-creating-focus-on-the-patient-a-vaccine-company-perspective
#1
Denis Sohy, Isabelle Dusart, Philibert Goulet, Diane Visy, Luc Gasthuys, Tatjana Poplazarova, Thomas Breuer, Norman Begg
Involving patients in the development of medicines and vaccines should result in benefits to patients. The vaccine recipient is usually a healthy person. We describe the rationale and implementation of a vaccine company's initiative to encourage employees to identify with patients of the conditions prevented by the vaccines they help to produce. The Voice of the Patient ("VoP"), begun in 2014, is an educational programme directed at the 16,000 employees of a global vaccine company. It engages employees through an understanding that they are all "vaccine patients", and that they can make a difference by considering the impact of decisions made in their day to day work...
January 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337204/the-positive-impacts-of-real-world-data-on-the-challenges-facing-the-evolution-of-biopharma
#2
REVIEW
John Wise, Angeli Möller, David Christie, Dipak Kalra, Elia Brodsky, Evelina Georgieva, Greg Jones, Ian Smith, Lars Greiffenberg, Marie McCarthy, Michael Arend, Olivier Luttringer, Sebastian Kloss, Steve Arlington
Demand for healthcare services is unprecedented. Society is struggling to afford the cost. Pricing of biopharmaceutical products is under scrutiny, especially by payers and Health Technology Assessment agencies. As we discuss here, rapidly advancing technologies, such Real-World Data (RWD), are being utilized to increase understanding of disease. RWD, when captured and analyzed, produces the Real-World Evidence (RWE) that underpins the economic case for innovative medicines. Furthermore, RWD can inform the understanding of disease, help identify new therapeutic intervention points, and improve the efficiency of research and development (R&D), especially clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332636/implementation-of-an-electronic-routine-outcome-monitoring-at-an-inpatient-unit-for-psychosomatic-medicine
#3
Jonas Egeter, Katharina Hüfner, Monika Sztankay, Bernhard Holzner, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can be part of an electronic routine outcome monitoring (eROM). eROM can improve patient involvement, treatment outcomes and simplify scientific data assessment. Available studies on eROM focus on its evaluation only and lack a detailed description of the prior implementation procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to implement an eROM assessment at a division of Psychosomatic Medicine and provide a detailed description of the implementation procedure...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332417/-concise-history-of-toxicology-from-empiric-knowledge-to-science
#4
Anna Tompa, Péter Balázs
Toxicology is a science of poisonings by xenobiotics and endogenous physiological changes. Its empiric roots may be traced back to the emerging of the human race because the most important pledge of our predecessors' survival was the differentiation between eatable and poisonous plants and animals. In the course of social evolution, there were three main fields of using poisons: 1) hunting and warfare, 2) to settle social tensions by avoiding military conflicts through hiding strategy of eliminating enemies by toxic substances, 3) medicines applied first as anti-poisons and later by introducing strong substances to defeat diseases, but paradoxically active euthanasia is also a part of the whole story...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331210/to-roll-the-eyes-and-snap-a-bite-function-development-and-evolution-of-craniofacial-muscles
#5
REVIEW
Frank R Schubert, Arun J Singh, Oluwatomisin Afoyalan, Chrissa Kioussi, Susanne Dietrich
Craniofacial muscles, muscles that move the eyes, control facial expression and allow food uptake and speech, have long been regarded as a variation on the general body muscle scheme. However, evidence has accumulated that the function of head muscles, their developmental anatomy and the underlying regulatory cascades are distinct. This article reviews the key aspects of craniofacial muscle and muscle stem cell formation and discusses how this differs from the trunk programme of myogenesis; we show novel RNAseq data to support this notion...
January 10, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329993/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-four-patients-treated-by-leflunomide
#6
Valentin Coirier, Alain Lescoat, Céline Chabanne, Maxime Fournet, Guillaume Coiffier, Stéphane Jouneau, Elisabeth Polard, Patrick Jégo
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder that can be drug-induced, mostly following treatment by appetite-suppressant drugs. We report four cases of patients who developed PAH following a treatment by leflunomide for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis or undetermined connective tissue disease. All patients described a progressive dyspnea from grade II to IV of NYHA classification; clinical examination found signs of heart failure. PAH was finally diagnosed and confirmed by right heart catheterisation...
January 9, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327992/digitalhub-a-repository-focused-on-the-future
#7
Violeta Ilik, Piotr Hebal, Anton Olson, Susan Wishnetsky, Joelen Pastva, Ramune Kubilius, Jonathan Shank, Karen Gutzman, Margarita Chung, Kristi Holmes
The DigitalHub scholarly repository was developed and launched at the Galter Health Sciences Library for the Feinberg School of Medicine and the greater Northwestern Medicine community. The repository was designed to allow scholars the ability to create, share, and preserve a range of citable digital outputs. This article traces the evolution of DigitalHub's development and engagement activities, highlighting project challenges, innovations, success stories, and the team-based approach that was employed to successfully achieve project goals...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325926/the-study-of-the-inhibitory-effect-of-calcium-oxalate-monohydrate-s-crystallization-by-two-medicinal-and-aromatic-plants-ammi-visnaga-and-punica-granatum
#8
R Kachkoul, T Sqalli Houssaini, Y Miyah, M Mohim, R El Habbani, A Lahrichi
INTRODUCTION: Urinary lithiasis is a recurrent disease defined by the presence of calculi in the urinary tract. Most urinary calculi have as a major component calcium oxalate which occurs mainly in two crystalline forms: Calcium oxalate monohydrate (whewellite) and calcium oxalate dihydrate (weddellite). The target behind, this work is to study the inhibiting effect of the calcium oxalate's crystallization by the extract of the Ammi visnaga and the Punica granatum. METHODS: The inhibition of crystallization has been studied in vitro with both the absence and the presence of the different concentrations of the extracts of the two plants...
January 8, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324546/applying-precision-medicine-to-ovarian-cancer-proof-of-principle-for-a-molecular-second-look
#9
Melissa Schwartz, Olga Camacho-Vanegas, Ashley M Wood, Matthew Dashkoff, Courtney Whitelock, Timothy T Harkins, Carmel J Cohen, Ann Marie Beddoe, Peter Dottino, John A Martignetti
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess if targeted investigation for tumor-specific mutations by ultradeep DNA sequencing of peritoneal washes of ovarian cancer patients after primary surgical debulking and chemotherapy, and clinically diagnosed as disease free, provides a more sensitive and specific method to assess actual treatment response and tailor future therapy and to compare this "molecular second look" with conventional cytology and histopathology-based findings...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322647/max-bergmann-award-lecture-macromolecular-medicinal-chemistry-as-applied-to-metabolic-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Richard D DiMarchi, John P Mayer, Vasily M Gelfanov, Matthias Tschöp
This review presents the scope of research presented in an October 2016 lecture pertaining to the award of the 2015 Max Bergmann Medal. The advancement in synthetic and biosynthetic chemistry as applied to the discovery of novel macromolecular drug candidates is reviewed. The evolution of the technology from the design, synthesis, and development of the first biosynthetic peptides through the emergence of peptide-based incretin agonists that function by multiple biological mechanisms is exemplified by the progression of such peptides from preclinical to clinical study...
January 2018: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321113/top-cited-publications-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-the-evolution-of-research-trends
#11
Shao-Feng Liao, Pai-Jung Chen, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Ching-Hsing Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been a rapidly growing and broadly used modality in recent decades. The purpose of this study was to determine how POCUS is incorporated into clinical medicine by analyzing trends of use in the published literature. METHODS: POCUS-related publications were retrieved from the Web of Science (WoS) database. The search results were ranked according to the number of times an article was cited during three time frames and average annual number of citations...
January 6, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320509/dynamics-of-co-authorship-and-productivity-across-different-fields-of-scientific-research
#12
Austin J Parish, Kevin W Boyack, John P A Ioannidis
We aimed to assess which factors correlate with collaborative behavior and whether such behavior associates with scientific impact (citations and becoming a principal investigator). We used the R index which is defined for each author as log(Np)/log(I1), where I1 is the number of co-authors who appear in at least I1 papers written by that author and Np are his/her total papers. Higher R means lower collaborative behavior, i.e. not working much with others, or not collaborating repeatedly with the same co-authors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318831/-spatial-differences-of-chinese-material-medicine-resources-species-in-jilin-province
#13
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Zhi-Dong Qiu, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing, Lan-Ping Guo, Xiao-Bo Qu, Lu-Qi Huang
The differences in the spatial distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources between regions are determined by differences in natural conditions and social resources among different regions. Spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of Chinese material medicine resources is a manifestation of the development process of Chinese medicine industry in time and space. The spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources can reveal the regularity of spatial distribution of Chinese material medicine resources...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317655/the-evolution-of-substrate-discrimination-in-macrolide-antibiotic-resistance-enzymes
#14
Andrew C Pawlowski, Peter J Stogios, Kalinka Koteva, Tatiana Skarina, Elena Evdokimova, Alexei Savchenko, Gerard D Wright
The production of antibiotics by microbes in the environment and their use in medicine and agriculture select for existing and emerging resistance. To address this inevitability, prudent development of antibiotic drugs requires careful consideration of resistance evolution. Here, we identify the molecular basis for expanded substrate specificity in MphI, a macrolide kinase (Mph) that does not confer resistance to erythromycin, in contrast to other known Mphs. Using a combination of phylogenetics, drug-resistance phenotypes, and in vitro enzyme assays, we find that MphI and MphK phosphorylate erythromycin poorly resulting in an antibiotic-sensitive phenotype...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315070/-orthodontic-and-orthognathic-protocoles-systematization-of-the-consultation-of-announcement-and-contribution-of-integrative-medicine
#15
Emmanuel Racy, Elvire Le Norcy
INTRODUCTION: The consultation of announcement is one of the key periods in an orthodontic and surgical process. The aim of this consultation is not only to make an aesthetic and orthodontic diagnosis but also a fine psychological analysis of the patient and his family before proposing a treatment plan. Integrative medical therapies, a recent evolution of medicine within the framework of the doctor-patient relation, have shown the positive impact on the treatment success of a good relationship...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311454/-development-of-plant-metabolomics-and-medicinal-plant-genomics
#16
Kazuki Saito
 A variety of chemicals produced by plants, often referred to as 'phytochemicals', have been used as medicines, food, fuels and industrial raw materials. Recent advances in the study of genomics and metabolomics in plant science have accelerated our understanding of the mechanisms, regulation and evolution of the biosynthesis of specialized plant products. We can now address such questions as how the metabolomic diversity of plants is originated at the levels of genome, and how we should apply this knowledge to drug discovery, industry and agriculture...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302797/proactive-care-of-older-people-undergoing-surgery
#17
Judith Partridge, Magda Sbai, Jugdeep Dhesi
The number of older patients undergoing surgery is increasing due to changing demographics, surgical and anaesthetic advances and shifts in patient expectations of healthcare. The benefits of surgery in older people are well documented and include symptom control and increased life expectancy. However, older surgical patients present not only with the index pathology requiring surgery but with concurrent age related physiological decline, multimorbidity and geriatric syndromes. These additional issues increase the risk of adverse postoperative outcome, in particular of postoperative medical and functional complications...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300384/phenotype-and-genotype-of-87-patients-with-mowat-wilson-syndrome-and-recommendations-for-care
#18
Ivan Ivanovski, Olivera Djuric, Stefano Giuseppe Caraffi, Daniela Santodirocco, Marzia Pollazzon, Simonetta Rosato, Duccio Maria Cordelli, Ebtesam Abdalla, Patrizia Accorsi, Margaret P Adam, Paola Francesca Ajmone, Magdalena Badura-Stronka, Chiara Baldo, Maddalena Baldi, Allan Bayat, Stefania Bigoni, Federico Bonvicini, Jeroen Breckpot, Bert Callewaert, Guido Cocchi, Goran Cuturilo, Daniele De Brasi, Koenraad Devriendt, Mary Beth Dinulos, Tina Duelund Hjortshøj, Roberta Epifanio, Francesca Faravelli, Agata Fiumara, Debora Formisano, Lucio Giordano, Marina Grasso, Sabine Grønborg, Alessandro Iodice, Lorenzo Iughetti, Vladimir Kuburovic, Anna Kutkowska-Kazmierczak, Didier Lacombe, Caterina Lo Rizzo, Anna Luchetti, Baris Malbora, Isabella Mammi, Francesca Mari, Giulia Montorsi, Sebastien Moutton, Rikke S Møller, Petra Muschke, Jens Erik Klint Nielsen, Ewa Obersztyn, Chiara Pantaleoni, Alessandro Pellicciari, Maria Antonietta Pisanti, Igor Prpic, Maria Luisa Poch-Olive, Federico Raviglione, Alessandra Renieri, Emilia Ricci, Francesca Rivieri, Gijs W Santen, Salvatore Savasta, Gioacchino Scarano, Ina Schanze, Angelo Selicorni, Margherita Silengo, Robert Smigiel, Luigina Spaccini, Giovanni Sorge, Krzysztof Szczaluba, Luigi Tarani, Luis Gonzaga Tone, Annick Toutain, Aurelien Trimouille, Elvis Terci Valera, Samantha Schrier Vergano, Nicoletta Zanotta, Martin Zenker, Andrea Conidi, Marcella Zollino, Anita Rauch, Christiane Zweier, Livia Garavelli
PurposeMowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a rare intellectual disability/multiple congenital anomalies syndrome caused by heterozygous mutation of the ZEB2 gene. It is generally underestimated because its rarity and phenotypic variability sometimes make it difficult to recognize. Here, we aimed to better delineate the phenotype, natural history, and genotype-phenotype correlations of MWS.MethodsIn a collaborative study, we analyzed clinical data for 87 patients with molecularly confirmed diagnosis. We described the prevalence of all clinical aspects, including attainment of neurodevelopmental milestones, and compared the data with the various types of underlying ZEB2 pathogenic variations...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291172/the-american-college-of-academic-international-medicine-2017-consensus-statement-on-international-medical-programs-establishing-a-system-of-objective-valuation-and-quantitative-metrics-to-facilitate-the-recognition-and-incorporation-of-academic-international
#19
Gregory L Peck, Manish Garg, Bonnie Arquilla, Vicente H Gracias, Harry L Anderson Iii, Andrew C Miller, Bhakti Hansoti, Paula Ferrada, Michael S Firstenberg, Sagar C Galwankar, Ramon E Gist, Donald Jeanmonod, Rebecca Jeanmonod, Elizabeth Krebs, Marian P McDonald, Benedict Nwomeh, James P Orlando, Lorenzo Paladino, Thomas J Papadimos, Robert L Ricca, Joseph V Sakran, Richard P Sharpe, Mamta Swaroop, Stanislaw P Stawicki
The growth of academic international medicine (AIM) as a distinct field of expertise resulted in increasing participation by individual and institutional actors from both high-income and low-and-middle-income countries. This trend resulted in the gradual evolution of international medical programs (IMPs). With the growing number of students, residents, and educators who gravitate toward nontraditional forms of academic contribution, the need arose for a system of formalized metrics and quantitative assessment of AIM- and IMP-related efforts...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285783/simultaneous-editing-of-gaba-and-glutathione-at-7t-using-semi-laser-localization
#20
Muhammad G Saleh, Mark Mikkelsen, Georg Oeltzschner, Kimberly L Chan, Adam Berrington, Peter B Barker, Richard A E Edden
PURPOSE: To demonstrate simultaneous editing of the two most commonly edited and overlapping signals, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glutathione (GSH), with Hadamard encoding and reconstruction of MEGA-edited spectroscopy (HERMES) using sLASER localization at 7T. METHODS: Density matrix simulations of HERMES at 7T were carried out and compared with phantom experiments. Additional phantom experiments were performed to characterize the echo time (TE) -dependent modulation of GABA- and GSH-edited HERMES spectra at TE of 80-160 ms...
December 28, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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