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Alice Nomura, Kaustav Majumder, Bhuwan Giri, Patricia Dauer, Vikas Dudeja, Sabita Roy, Sulagna Banerjee, Ashok K Saluja
NF-κB has an essential role in the initiation and progression of pancreatic cancer and specifically mediates the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasiveness. In this study, we demonstrate the importance of activated NF-κB signaling in EMT induction, lymphovascular metastasis, and neural invasion. Modulation of NF-κB activity was accomplished through the specific NF-κB inhibitor (BAY 11-7085), triptolide, and Minnelide treatment, as well as overexpression of IKBα repressor and IKK activator plasmids...
October 24, 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Wenwen Wang, Yanqin Yang, Zhewen Xiong, Jiamin Kong, Xinlu Fu, Feihai Shen, Zhiying Huang
Triptolide (TP), a diterpene triepoxide, is a major active component of Tripterygium wilfordii extracts, which are prepared as tablets and has been used clinically for the treatment of inflammation and autoimmune disorders. However, TP's therapeutic potential is limited by severe adverse effects. In a previous study, we reported that TP induced mitochondria dependent apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) is a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase that plays important roles in the necrosis and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes...
October 14, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Shu-Jing Yu, Rong Jiang, Ying Z Mazzu, Cai-Bing Wei, Zong-Liang Sun, Yu-Zhen Zhang, Lian-Di Zhou, Qi-Hui Zhang
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the most common cause of acute liver failure. Disruption of the Th17/Treg balance can lead to hepatic inflammation, which causes the main symptoms of DILI. Here we investigate the protective mechanisms of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on triptolide (TP)-induced DILI that shows the Th17/Treg imbalance. Pretreatment with EGCG (5[Formula: see text]mg/kg) for 10 days before TP (0.5[Formula: see text]mg/kg) administration in mice significantly reduced the increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ([Formula: see text]) induced by TP treatment...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Larissa Becirovic, Ian R Brown
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are a set of highly conserved proteins involved in cellular repair and protective mechanisms. The intracellular localization of inducible members of the HSPA (HSP70) family can be used as an index to identify stress-sensitive sites in differentiated human neuronal cells. Following thermal stress, the little studied HSPA6 (HSP70B') was targeted to the periphery of nuclear speckles (perispeckles) that are sites of transcription factories. Triptolide, a fast-acting transcription inhibitor, knocked down levels of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II, RPB1, during the time-frame when HSPA6 associated with perispeckles...
October 14, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Longfeng Luo, Tianlun Yang
Atherosclerosis, the major cause of cardiovascular disease, is accompanied by a chronic inflammatory response during the disease. Triptolide (TPL) is an active natural compound that has been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory activities in various cell types. However, the effects of TPL on atherosclerosis have not yet been studied. The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of TPL on apolipoprotein E knock-out (ApoE(-)/(-)) mice fed with a high-fat diet and to analyze the changes in lipid metabolism and inflammatory cytokines to clarify the underlying molecular mechanisms...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hai-Ying Hua, Hua-Qiang Gao, Ai-Ning Sun, Jian-Nong Cen, Li-Li Wu
Although certain combination therapies comprising arsenic trioxide (As2O3) with other agents exist for the treatment of several types of human cancer, few As2O3 combination therapies are clinically effective for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Triptolide (TL) may be an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of MDS. However, to date, there is no combination therapy for MDS with As2O3 and TL. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate this combination therapy on the apoptosis of MDS SKM‑1 cells...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jing Zhang, Yan-Bo Huo, Yan Liu, Jun-Tao Feng, Zhi-Qing Ma, Chuan-Shu Zhu, Xing Zhang
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. is the traditional medicinal plants in China. Triptolide, wilforgine, and wilforine are the bioactive compounds in T. wilfordii. In this study, the contents of three metabolites and transcription levels of 21 genes involved in three metabolites biosynthesis in T. wilfordii were examined using high-performance liquid chromatography and reverse transcription PCR after application of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on hairy roots in time course experiment (3-24 h). The results indicated that application of MeJA inhibited triptolide accumulation and promoted wilforgine and wilforine metabolites biosynthesis...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yuyan Zhou, Mingyan Wang, Xuejuan Pan, Zaifeng Dong, Li Han, Yong Ju, Guodong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the combined cytotoxic effect and the molecular basis of triptolide and sodium cantharidinate on hepatoma cell line 7721.
 METHODS: After treating the hepatoma cell line 7721 with triptolide(9, 18, or 36 μg/mL) and/or sodium cantharidinate (2, 5, or 10 μg/mL), cell viability assay and apoptosis were examined by MTT and flocytometry, respectively. The protein levels of caspase 3 and nuclear factor κB were analyzed by Western blot.
 RESULTS: Viability of hepatoma cell line 7721 was inhibited by either the therapy of triptolide and/or sodium cantharidinate (P<0...
September 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Prasad R Dandawate, Dharmalingam Subramaniam, Roy A Jensen, Shrikant Anant
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in women worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the USA. Despite the development of newer diagnostic methods, selective as well as targeted chemotherapies and their combinations, surgery, hormonal therapy, radiotherapy, breast cancer recurrence, metastasis and drug resistance are still the major problems for breast cancer. Emerging evidence suggest the existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs), a population of cells with the capacity to self-renew, differentiate and be capable of initiating and sustaining tumor growth...
October 2016: Seminars in Cancer Biology
Haifeng Zhang, Chen Gong, Lishuai Qu, Xiaoling Ding, Wei Cao, Haiqin Chen, Bin Zhang, Guoxiong Zhou
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of triptolide (TL) on ulcerative colitis (UC) and explore the potential association between the therapeutic effects of TL and IL-1β expression using a 4,4-dimethyl-4-silapentane-1-sulfonic acid (DSS)-induced mouse model to simulate human UC. A total of 70 BALB/c female mice were randomly allocated into seven equal groups: Group A, blank control; group B, normal saline injection; group C, propylene glycol injection; group D (TL1), 0.2 mg/kg TL; group E (TL2), 0...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Qing-Li He, Il Minn, Qiaoling Wang, Peng Xu, Sarah A Head, Emmanuel Datan, Biao Yu, Martin G Pomper, Jun O Liu
Triptolide, a key ingredient from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant thunder god vine, which has been used to treat inflammation and autoimmune diseases for centuries, has been shown to be an irreversible inhibitor of the XPB subunit of the transcription factor TFIIH and initiation of RNA polymerase II mediated transcription. The clinical development of triptolide over the past two decades has been limited by its toxicity and low water solubility. Herein, we report the development of a glucose conjugate of triptolide, named glutriptolide, which was intended to target tumor cells overexpressing glucose transporters selectively...
September 19, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Xin Guo, Mei Xue, Chun-Jun Li, Wei Yang, Shan-Shan Wang, Ze-Jun Ma, Xiao-Na Zhang, Xiao-Yu Wang, Ran Zhao, Bao-Cheng Chang, Li-Ming Chen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Triptolide is a most important active ingredient extracted from traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium, which has been widely used to treat glomerulonephritis as well as immune-mediated disorders, likely for its immunosuppressive, anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we have investigated the potential protective effects of triptolide against diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) by regulating immune system, attenuating inflammatory response, thus resulting in decreased cardiac fibrosis and improved left ventricle function...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Xiang Wang, Fang Zhao, Zhong-Ming Lv, Wei-Qin Shi, Lu-Yong Zhang, Ming Yan
Triptolide (TP), derived from the medicinal plant Triterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TWHF), is a diterpene triepoxide with variety biological and pharmacological activities. However, TP has been restricted in clinical application due to its narrow therapeutic window especially in reproductive system. During spermatogenesis, Sertoli cell cytoskeleton plays an essential role in facilitating germ cell movement and cell-cell actin-based adherens junctions (AJ). At Sertoli cell-spermatid interface, the anchoring device is a kind of AJ, known as ectoplasmic specializations (ES)...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Talal Alfaadhel, Daniel Cattran
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in adults in Western countries. In 2012, the KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) working group published guidelines for the management of glomerulonephritis, thus providing a template for the treatment of this condition. While being aware of the impact of the clinicians' acumen and that patients may choose a different therapeutic option due to the risks of specific drugs and also of the evolving guidelines, this review details our approach to the management of patients with IMN in a Western center (Toronto)...
September 2015: Kidney Diseases
Jing Xu, Xiaofan Hu, Jingyuan Xie, Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in adults, accounting for about 20.0% of all NS cases. With an increasing prevalence, especially in the elderly, it has received great attention in Asia. SUMMARY: Recently, the prevalence of idiopathic MN (IMN) has significantly increased among the elderly people in Asia and other places in the world. Although the exact mechanism of IMN remains unveiled, the identification of new antigens such as PLA2R and THSD7A has greatly enhanced our understanding of its pathogenesis...
September 2015: Kidney Diseases
Ajay Kumar, Catherine Corey, Iain Scott, Sruti Shiva, Jonathan D'Cunha
Minnelide/Triptolide (TL) has recently emerged as a potent anticancer drug in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the precise mechanism of its action remains ambiguous. In this study, we elucidated the molecular basis for TL-induced cell death in context to p53 status. Cell death was attributed to dysfunction of mitochondrial bioenergetics in p53-deficient cells, which was characterized by decreased mitochondrial respiration, steady-state ATP level and membrane potential, but augmented reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
2016: PloS One
Si Hyoung Kim, Jun Goo Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Sung-Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Seong Jin Lee
The effec.t of BIIB021, a novel heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) inhibitor, on survival of thyroid carcinoma cells has not been evaluated. In this study, the impact of BIIB021 alone or in combination with the histone acetyltransferase inhibitor triptolide on survival of thyroid carcinoma cells was identified. In 8505C and TPC-1 thyroid carcinoma cells, BIIB021 caused cell death in conjunction with alterations in expression of hsp90 client proteins. Cotreatment of both BIIB021 and triptolide, compared with treatment of BIIB021 alone, decreased cell viability, and increased the percentage of dead cells and cytotoxic activity...
June 18, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xingwei Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Liang Chen
Research on triptolide, a diterpenoid epoxide found in the Thunder God Vine Tripterygium wilfordii, has increased our knowledge of the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology and clinical application of this agent. In the present study, we aimed to identify the effects of triptolide on the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells and to evaluate the anti-proliferative action of this agent. MG-63 cells were treated either with various doses of triptolide (50, 100 or 200 nM) or DMSO for 6, 12 and 24 h. Treatment with triptolide effectively suppressed the cell viability and induced the apoptosis of osteosarcoma MG-63 cells as detected by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
Yachun Guo, Enhong Xing, Hongru Song, Guiying Feng, Xiujun Liang, Gao An, Xiaofei Zhao, Mi Wang
The aim of this study was to detect the therapeutic effect of dioscin on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Mice model of CIA was induced by chicken collagen II and arthritis index was assessed. After suspension of dioscin (100mg/kg/d) or triptolide was intragastrically administered, the left paw swelling and body weight of each mouse were measured. Then tissue samples were assayed by histopathological analysis. The levels of Th1 and Th2 were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of p-STAT1, p-STAT4 and p-STAT6 was demonstrated by western blot analysis, and T-bet and GATA-3 expression was detected by RT-PCR...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Huihui Xu, Hongyan Zhao, Cheng Lu, Qi Qiu, Gui Wang, Jing Huang, Minghui Guo, Baosheng Guo, Yong Tan, Cheng Xiao
Triptolide, a purified component of Tripterygiumwilfordii Hook F, has been shown to have immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although triptolide has demonstrated that it could suppress bone destruction in collagen-induced mice, its therapeutic mechanism remains unclear. Many studies have investigated the effect of triptolide on Tregs and Tregs-related cytokine involved in RA. Additionally, previous studies have implied that Tregs inhibit osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
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