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Arthritis vasculitis

U Sixdorf, E Märker-Hermann
Viral arthritis and vasculitis are important differential diagnoses primarily in patients with acute polyarticular arthritis in association with fever and rash, in populations specially at risk and in returning travellers. Parvovirus B19 is the most frequent cause of viral arthritis in Europe, whereas rubella, hepatitis B and C viruses have become less common. Due to worldwide tourism arthritogenic alphaviruses, which are transmitted by mosquito vectors have come into the focus of tropical medicine and rheumatology...
October 19, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Ivanka S Nenova, Mariana Y Valcheva, Elina A Beleva, Dora Y Tumbeva, Marianna P Yaneva, Emilia L Rancheva, Zhanet G Grudeva-Popova
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune disorders have been documented in solid tumors and malignant hematological disorders. They are very common and well studied in lymphomas which are associated with immune imbalance. They are less common in solid tumors and are categorized as paraneoplastic syndromes with unclear pathogenesis. AIM: The aim of the present study was to find the frequency of autoimmune phenomena in solid tumors of various origin, location and status of the tumor...
September 1, 2016: Folia Medica
Laura C Cappelli, Ami A Shah, Clifton O Bingham
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are newly approved treatments for advanced malignancies that are increasing survival. The mechanism of these drugs, non-specifically activating T cells, also leads to immune-mediated damage of tissue or immune-related adverse events (IRAE). IRAEs with rheumatic phenotypes are increasingly being recognised. Inflammatory arthritis, sicca syndrome, inflammatory myopathy, vasculitis and lupus nephritis have been described as a result of ICIs. Use of ICIs will be expanding in the coming years for several reasons...
2016: RMD Open
Carsten Paul Bramlage, Britta Froelich, Manuel Wallbach, Joan Minguet, Clemens Grupp, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Michael Koziolek, Gerhard Anton Müller
In patients with rheumatic diseases, reliable markers for determining disease activity are scarce. One potential parameter is the level of immunoglobulin free light chains (FLCs), which is known to be elevated in the blood of patients with certain rheumatic diseases. Few studies have quantified FLCs in urine, a convenient source of test sample, in patients with different rheumatic diseases. We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients with rheumatic disease attending the University hospital of Goettingen, Germany...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Caitlin S Garwood, Paul J Kim, Vinay Matai, John S Steinberg, Karen K Evans, Carol Deane B Mitnick, Christopher E Attinger
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of bovine collagen-glycosaminoglycan matrix on atypical lower extremity ulcers. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent application of bovine collagen matrix to a lower extremity ulcer with an atypical etiology including autoimmune disease, sickle cell anemia, radiation therapy, connective tissue disease, vasculitis, or coagulopathy from January 2009 to October 2014. The following outcomes were evaluated: rate of ulcer healing and closure, number of ulcers that received a split-thickness skin graft, improvement in pain, and complications related to the ulcer...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Bruna Burko Rocha Chu, Giorgina Falcão Brandão Côrtes Gobbo, Rafaela Copês, Glênio Gutjahr, Erick Cavalcanti Cossa, Eduardo Dos Santos Paiva
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Musculoskeletal impairment is the third most frequent clinical manifestation, the most common being arthritis. Cases misdiagnosed as lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic sclerosis have already been described. We report a case of leprosy with skin thickening, distal phalanx resorption and facial telangiectasia, simulating systemic sclerosis. Due to a considerable prevalence in Brazil, and also considering the deformities that can be caused by a delay in diagnosis and treatment, leprosy should be put forward by the rheumatologist as a diagnostic hypothesis in patients with musculoskeletal involvement...
September 17, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Stavros Giaglis, Sinuhe Hahn, Paul Hasler
Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation represents a form of cell death distinct from apoptosis or necrosis, by which invading pathogens are simultaneously entangled and potentially eliminated. Increased NET formation is observed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated small vessel vasculitis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), and psoriasis. NETs contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmunity by exposing cryptic autoepitopes, which may facilitate the generation of autoantibodies, induce the production of interferons, and activate the complement cascade...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Shogo Matsuda, Shuzo Yoshida, Tohru Takeuchi, Yohei Fujiki, Ayaka Yoshikawa, Shigeki Makino
We report the case of a 66-year-old man with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis who developed neurologically asymptomatic rheumatoid meningitis (RM) revealed by MRI. RM worsened and chest CT showed pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, and bilateral consolidation, and his serum C3 level was decreased. We diagnosed systemic rheumatic vasculitis based on these findings. After a review of more than 20 previously reported cases of RM, this is the first case of RM without central nerve system symptoms.
September 23, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Lazaros I Sakkas, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Exogenous and endogenous environmental exposures and particularly infections may participate in the breakage of tolerance and the induction of autoimmunity in rheumatic diseases. Response to infections apparently occurs years before clinical manifestations and features of autoimmunity, such as autoantibodies, are detected years before clinical manifestations in autoimmune rheumatic diseases. In this review, we summarize the current evidence for a potential causal link between infectious agents and rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Sjogren's syndrome and ANCA-associated vasculitis...
December 2016: Auto- Immunity Highlights
Neil Gaskill, Bruce Guido, Cynthia Mago
Henoch-Schonlein purpura is an immunoglobulin A (IgA)-immune complex mediated leukocytoclastic vasculitis that classically manifests with palpable purpura, abdominal pain, arthritis, and hematuria or proteinuria. The condition is much more predominant in children (90% of cases) and commonly follows an upper respiratory infection. We present a case of recurrent Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) complicated by nephritis in an adult female initially categorized as IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We review the pathophysiologic basis of HSP nephritis as the variant of HSP accompanied by renal involvement and its pathogenetic commonality with IgA nephropathy...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Simon Greulich, Daniel Kitterer, Reto Kurmann, Joerg Henes, Joerg Latus, Steffen Gloekler, Andreas Wahl, Sebastian J Buss, Hugo A Katus, Marco Bobbo, Massimo Lombardi, Maik Backes, Hannah Steubing, Pascal Schepat, Niko Braun, M Dominik Alscher, Udo Sechtem, Heiko Mahrholdt
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Sunita Paudyal, Frances M Yang, Christopher Rice, Chen-Chun Chen, Michael Skelton, Monique Bethel, Shilpa Brown, Norris Stanley Nahman, Laura Carbone
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the causes of ESRD, and the treatment of RA in the setting of ESRD. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of RA (N = 3754) and non-RA (N = 326,776) patients in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) during 2011 (N = 330,530). The epidemiology of ESRD in RA was determined and the etiology of ESRD in patients with and without RA was compared. The frequency of patients with RA with at least one filled prescription for prednisone/prednisolone, a DMARD, and/or a biologic in 2011 was determined...
August 2, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Juan Manriquez, Laura Giesen, Constanza Del Puerto, Sergio Gonzalez
A 54 year-old woman with a 3-year history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) consulted us because of weight loss, fever and skin eruption. On physical examination, erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance were seen on the back of both shoulders. Histological examination was consistent with rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatosis (RND). After 3 days of prednisone treatment, the skin eruption resolved. RND is a rare cutaneous manifestation of seropositive RA, characterized by asymptomatic, symmetrical erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Justyna Roszkiewicz, Elzbieta Smolewska
Within the last 30 years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has changed its status from inevitably fatal to chronic disorder with limited impact on life span. However, this breakthrough was mainly the effect of introduction of the aggressive antiviral treatment, which has led to the clinically significant increase in CD4+ cell count, resulting in fewer cases of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and improved management of opportunistic infections occurring in the course of the disease...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
Mohammad A Ursani, Joan Appleyard, Onome Whiteru
BACKGROUND Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum (PG), acne, and suppurative hidradenitis (PA-PASH) syndrome has been linked to an auto-inflammatory pathway. We report a case that is an atypical presentation of a rare syndrome, which supports literature suggesting that different phenotypes of PG-related syndromes may be a variation of the same pathogenic spectrum. Interestingly, our patient displayed a positive proteinase-3 antibody (PR-3). The clinical relevance of this is unclear. In recent literature, antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) positivity has been reported in various inflammatory conditions other than ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV)...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Joseph J LaConti, Jean A Donet, Jeong Hee Cho-Vega, Daniel A Sussman, Dana Ascherman, Amar R Deshpande
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibitor therapy has signified an important milestone in the fight against many rheumatological disorders and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Cutaneous adverse events caused by this class of medications are well known but relatively uncommon. Most reactions are mild and rarely warrant treatment withdrawal. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a disease with cutaneous vasculitis, arthritis, and gastrointestinal and renal involvement that is usually seen in children, though the worst complications are typically seen in adults...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Engin Şenel, Emre Demir, Reha Metin Alkan
BACKGROUND: Behçet disease is a chronic and multisystemic vasculitis characterized with recurrent oral and genital ulcers, uveitis, arthritis, and skin manifestations. The highest prevalence of the disease has been reported in regions historically involved in the Silk Road routes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze Behçet literature and evaluate whether there is a concordance between ancient Silk Road regions and the distribution of publication productivity. METHODS: The bibliometric analysis of the publications published during 1980-2014 using Thomson Reuters Web of Science database was performed...
August 9, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Bradley T Williamson, Lynda Foltz, Heather A Leitch
Autoimmune manifestations (AIM) are reported in up to 10-30% of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients; this association is not well defined. We present herein a retrospective chart review of single center MDS patients for AIM, a case discussion and a literature review. Of 252 MDS patients examined, 11 (4.4%) had AIM around MDS diagnosis. International Prognostic Scoring System scores were: low or intermediate (int)-1 (n=7); int-2 or high (n=4). AIM were: culture negative sepsis (n=7); inflammatory arthritis (n=3); vasculitis (n=4); sweats; pericarditis; polymyalgia rheumatica (n=2 each); mouth ulcers; pulmonary infiltrates; suspicion for Behcet's; polychondritis and undifferentiated (n=1 each)...
May 10, 2016: Hematology Reports
Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Stefanos Tzafos, Oliver Distler, Antonios G A Kolios, Walter Weder, Daniel Franzen
Background. Silicoanthracosis is a pneumoconiosis due to occupational inhalation of silica and carbon dusts. Clinically, it can be associated with vasculitis or rheumatoid arthritis. In association with these diseases, silicoanthracosis can present within the lung with multiple pulmonary nodules which, as a differential diagnosis, can mimic metastatic disease or multiple abscesses. Case Presentation. We present the case of a 62-year old former pit worker with pulmonary nodules, chondrocalcinosis due to calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD), and a history of renal cancer...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Hala El-Gendy, Rasmia M El-Gohary, Kyrillus S Shohdy, Gaafar Ragab
Rheumatologic manifestations not only are encountered in leprosy but also can be the first and even the sole presenting manifestation. The hallmark of leprosy is skin and peripheral nerve affection; however, it can affect a wide range of other organs, with the joints being the commonest. We have searched PubMed with the key words leprosy, arthritis, vasculitis, rheumatic diseases, and autoantibodies in a proper combination. Relevant studies were retrieved from scanning of their abstracts. The relevant references provided in these articles were also selected and reviewed...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
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