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Arthritis vasculitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637108/-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-presenting-as-intussusception
#1
Keun Young Kim
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is systemic vasculitis disease with various clinical manifestations. Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with HSP are usually common, with an incidence rate of 62-90%. Most of these gastrointestinal symptoms occur after typical skin purpura, which is a very important clinical evidence for making a diagnosis of HSP. It is difficult to diagnose HSP without skin rash. About 25% of patients may experience gastrointestinal symptoms as their first symptoms. Herein, we report a case of ileo-colic intussusception associated with HSP in a 5-years-old girl presented with diffuse abdominal distension...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631066/rheumatoid-vasculitis-a-diminishing-yet-devastating-menace
#2
REVIEW
Shweta Kishore, Lisa Maher, Vikas Majithia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rheumatoid vasculitis (RV) is an unusual complication of long-standing rheumatoid arthritis, which is characterized by the development of necrotizing or leukocytoclastic vasculitis involving small or medium-sized vessels. In this review, we aim to provide an update on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and management of this challenging extra-articular manifestation. RECENT FINDINGS: RV is heterogenous in its clinical presentation depending on the organ and size of blood vessels involved...
July 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626961/comparing-polyarteritis-nodosa-in-children-and-adults-a-single-center-study
#3
Abdulsamet Erden, Ezgi D Batu, Hafize E Sönmez, Alper Sarı, Berkan Armagan, Zehra S Arıcı, Emre Bilgin, Umut Kalyoncu, Ömer Karadağ, Yelda Bilginer, Ali Ihsan Ertenli, Seza Özen
OBJECTIVE: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotizing vasculitis of medium/small arteries. We aimed to examine the characteristics of adult- and childhood-onset PAN. METHODS: Fifteen pediatric (˂ 18 years) and 22 adult PAN patients who fulfilled the Ankara 2008 and American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria, respectively, were included in the study. RESULTS: Five children had cutaneous and all the rest of the patients had systemic PAN...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624373/acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-in-an-hla-b27-positive-patient-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-being-treated-with-adalimumab
#4
David Castro Corredor, María Dolores Sánchez de la Nieta, Isabel María de Lara Simón
Antagonists of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (ATNF) are used for the treatment of multiple diseases such as psoriatic arthritis, Crohn's disease, ankylosing spondylitis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis, usually, when they are refractory to first-line treatment(1). The use of ATNF has been associated with the induction of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus-like disease, vasculitis, sarcoidosis-like diseases and, recently, acute granulomatous tubulointerstitial nephritis. We report a case of acute nongranulomatous tubulointerstitial nephritis in an HLA-B27-positive patient with axial spondyloarthritis and Crohn's disease being treated with adalimumab...
June 14, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608042/-granulomatous-reaction-pattern-of-the-skin-interstitial-granulomatous-dermatitis-lymphoma-vasculitis
#5
REVIEW
C Rose, K Holl-Ulrich
A particular diagnostic situation in the classification of a granulomatous dermatitis results when no circumscribed granulomas but instead a diffuse interstitial histiocytic inflammatory infiltrate, a granulomatous vasculitis or a neoplastic lymphocytic infiltrate is found. Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis was originally described in patients with arthritis. Later, it was recognized that there are also associations with other usually immunological diseases. Differentiating between interstitial granulomatous dermatitis and the interstitial form of granuloma annulare, early morphea and variants of borreliosis or scleromyxedema as well as interstitial granulomatous drug reaction can be very difficult...
June 12, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601812/cardiovascular-and-type-2-diabetes-morbidity-and-all-cause-mortality-among-diverse-chronic-inflammatory-disorders
#6
Alex Dregan, Phil Chowienczyk, Mariam Molokhia
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to assess the relationship between inflammatory disorders with cardiometabolic diseases and mortality within a community-based population. METHODS: The UK Biobank data were used to conduct two investigations: a cross-sectional study to estimate cardiometabolic risk and a prospective cohort study to estimate mortality risk. Binary regression analyses were used to model the association between coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, venous thromboembolism and peripheral artery disease diagnoses with seven inflammatory disorders (eg, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic vasculitis, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC))...
June 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587321/clinical-evaluation-of-cenp-b-and-scl-70-autoantibodies-in-silicosis-patients
#7
Suni Lee, Hiroaki Hayashi, Naoko Kumagai-Takei, Hidenori Matsuzaki, Kei Yoshitome, Yasumitsu Nishimura, Kozo Uragami, Masayasu Kusaka, Shoko Yamamoto, Miho Ikeda, Tamayo Hatayama, Wataru Fujimoto, Takemi Otsuki
Silicosis patients (SIL) suffer from respiratory disorders and dysregulation of autoimmunity. Frequent complications such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis (SSc) and vasculitis are known in SIL. Furthermore, we reported previously that some SIL exhibited better respiratory conditions in association with a worse immunological status. In this study, the clinical roles of anti-CENP-B and Scl-70 autoantibodies in SIL were analyzed. The titer index (Log10) of anti-CENP-B autoantibody in SIL was higher than that of healthy volunteers (HV), and that of SSc was higher than those of HV and SIL...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583280/clinical-value-of-fdg-pet-ct-for-the-evaluation-of-rheumatic-diseases-rheumatoid-arthritis-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-relapsing-polychondritis
#8
REVIEW
Kazuo Kubota, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Akio Mimori
FDG is a tracer for visualizing glucose metabolism. PET/CT using FDG is widely used for the diagnosis of cancer, because glycolysis is elevated in cancer cells. Similarly, active inflammatory tissue also exhibits elevated glucose metabolism because of glycolysis in activated macrophages and proliferating fibroblasts. Elevated FDG uptake by active inflammatory tissues, such as those affected by arthritis, vasculitis, lymphadenitis, and chondritis, has enabled the diagnosis of inflammatory diseases using FDG-PET/CT...
July 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581281/a-case-of-rheumatoid-vasculitis-involving-hepatic-artery-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Ji Eun Lee, In Je Kim, Min Sun Cho, Jisoo Lee
Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare, but most serious extra-articular complications of long-standing, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Vasculitis of hepatic artery is an extremely rare but severe manifestation of rheumatoid vasculitis. A 72-year-old woman who presented with polyarthralgia for 2 months was diagnosed with early RA. Since she had manifestations of livedo reticularis, and liver dysfunction which was atypical for RA patients, a percutaneous needle liver biopsy was performed revealing arteritis of a medium-sized hepatic artery...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555437/autoimmunity-in-2016
#10
REVIEW
Carlo Selmi
The number of peer-reviewed articles published during the 2016 solar year and retrieved using the "autoimmunity" key word remained stable while gaining a minimal edge among the immunology articles. Nonetheless, the quality of the publications has been rising significantly and, importantly, acquisitions have become available through scientific journals dedicated to immunology or autoimmunity. Major discoveries have been made in the fields of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmunity of the central nervous system, vasculitis, and seronegative spondyloarthrithritides...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554321/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-in-immune-mediated-diseases-mode-of-action-clinical-applications-current-and-future-perspectives
#11
Lazaros I Sakkas, Athanasios Mavropoulos, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 is a superfamily of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP), an intracellular second messenger and regulator of a wide array of genes and proteins. Increased levels of intracellular cAMP lead to activation of genes but also to inhibition of nuclear factor-kappa B, involved in pro-inflammatory responses. By increasing cAMP levels, PDE4 inhibitors, such as apremilast, reduced production of pro-inflammatory TNFα, IFNγ, and IL-17 and increased production of anti-inflammatory IL-10 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA)...
May 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546762/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-implications-in-the-evaluation-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Genovefa Kolovou
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a recently developed noninvasive, nonradiating, operator-independent technique that has been successfully used for the evaluation of congenital heart disease, valvular and pericardial diseases, iron overload, cardiomyopathies, great and coronary vessel diseases, cardiac inflammation, stress-rest myocardial perfusion, and fibrosis. Rheumatoid arthritis and other spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory myopathies, mixed connective tissue diseases (CTDs), systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis are among CTDs with serious cardiovascular involvement; this is due to multiple causative factors such as myopericarditis, micro/macrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and finally heart failure...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539558/a-case-of-new-onset-rheumatoid-vasculitis-becoming-evident-in-the-course-of-treatment-for-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia
#13
Daisuke Ikuma, Kazuhiro Yokota, Kojiro Sato, Toshihide Mimura
  When patients with autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), are treated with potent immunosuppressive therapy, the risk of opportunistic diseases inevitably increases. If patients have the misfortune to suffer from both opportunistic and active autoimmune diseases, correct diagnosis could sometimes be difficult since both diseases have inflammatory nature. The choice of treatment is another challenge in that aggressive immunosuppressive therapy can fuel the opportunistic infection. Here we report a case of RA patient with new onset rheumatoid vasculitis that was diagnosed in the process of treatment of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528615/chronic-tender-ulcers-on-the-calf-and-both-forearms
#14
Michael C Cameron, Mitsuya Katayama, Nishit S Patel, Philip D Shenefelt, Charurut Somboonwit
An elderly woman presented with a 3-month history of nonhealing, tender ulcers involving the right calf and both forearms. She denied any history of similar lesions or trauma. Two trials of oral antibiotics had led to no improvement. Her medical history was significant for rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, and prednisone. A review of clinical manifestations was otherwise negative for disease. Physical examination of the patient's right calf revealed two punched-out ulcers with central necrotic black eschars, underlying retiform purpuric pattern, and mild fibrinopurulent drainage (Figure 1)...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515226/a-neutralizing-anti-g-csfr-antibody-blocks-g-csf-induced-neutrophilia-without-inducing-neutropenia-in-nonhuman-primates
#15
Karen Scalzo-Inguanti, Katherine Monaghan, Kirsten Edwards, Eva Herzog, Danijela Mirosa, Matthew Hardy, Vicki Sorto, Huy Huynh, Steven Rakar, Daria Kurtov, Hal Braley, Nick Wilson, Samantha Busfield, Andrew Nash, Arna Andrews
Neutrophils are the most abundant WBCs and have an essential role in the clearance of pathogens. Tight regulation of neutrophil numbers and their recruitment to sites of inflammation is critical in maintaining a balanced immune response. In various inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis, cystic fibrosis, and inflammatory bowel disease, increased serum G-CSF correlates with neutrophilia and enhanced neutrophil infiltration into inflamed tissues. We describe a fully human therapeutic anti-G-CSFR antibody (CSL324) that is safe and well tolerated when administered via i...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507447/managing-refractory-cryoglobulinemic-vasculitis-challenges-and-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Predrag Ostojic, Ivan R Jeremic
Cryoglobulinemia is thought to be a rare condition. It may be an isolated disorder or secondary to a particular disease. According to immunoglobulin composition, cryoglobulinemia is classified into three types. In mixed cryoglobulinemia (types II and III), vascular deposition of cryoglobulin-containing immune complexes and complement may induce a clinical syndrome, characterized by systemic vasculitis and inflammation - cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas). Most common clinical manifestations in CryoVas are skin lesions (orthostatic purpura and ulcers), weakness, peripheral neuropathy, Raynaud's phenomenon, sicca syndrome, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and arthralgia and seldom arthritis...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491854/mpo-anca-associated-necrotizing-glomerulonephritis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Mário Góis, Ana Messias, Dulce Carvalho, Fernanda Carvalho, Helena Sousa, João Sousa, Fernando Nolasco
BACKGROUND: Renal involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is common and has a negative impact on patient survival. Only few cases have been reported of necrotizing glomerulonephritis (GN) associated with myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) in patients with RA. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a patient with RA who developed a necrotizing GN associated with ANCA-MPO, treated with rituximab (RTX). A 55-year-old man with a 27-year history of RA under secukinumab was referred to our nephrology clinic with worsening renal function associated with microhematuria and proteinuria...
March 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487867/non-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-after-rituximab-treatment-for-membranous-nephropathy
#18
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Stephen L Kopecky, Ulrich Specks, Kharmen Bharucha, Fernando C Fervenza
Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody frequently used for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis. In addition, rituximab has recently been increasingly used as an off-label treatment in a number of inflammatory and systemic autoimmune diseases. It is advised that rituximab infusion may cause infusion reactions and adverse cardiac effects including arrhythmia and angina, especially in patients with prior history of cardiovascular diseases...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474288/could-lymphocyte-profiling-be-useful-to-diagnose-systemic-autoimmune-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Guillermo Carvajal Alegria, Pierre Gazeau, Sophie Hillion, Claire I Daïen, Divi Y K Cornec
Considering the implications of B, T, and natural killer (NK) cells in the pathophysiology of systemic autoimmune diseases, the assessment of their distribution in the blood could be helpful for physicians in the complex process of determining a precise diagnosis. In primary Sjögren's syndrome, transitional and active naive B cells are increased and memory B cells are decreased compared to healthy controls and other systemic diseases. However, their utility to improve the accuracy of classification criteria has not been proven...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461649/canadian-rheumatology-association-meeting-the-westin-ottawa-ottawa-ontario-canada-february-8-11-2017
#20
Earl D Silverman
The 72nd Annual Meeting of The Canadian Rheumatology Association (CRA) was held at The Westin Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, February 8-11, 2017. The program consisted of presentations covering original research, symposia, awards, and lectures. Highlights of the meeting include the following 2017 award winners: Dr. Vinod Chandran, Young Investigator; Dr. Jacques P. Brown, Distinguished Investigator; Dr. David Robinson, Teacher-Educator; Dr. Michel Zummer, Distinguished Rheumatologist; Ms. Rebecca Gole, Best Abstract on SLE Research by a Trainee - Ian Watson Award; Ms...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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