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Reality Shock

Junko Mochizuki, Adriana Keating, Wei Liu, Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Reinhard Mechler
A systematic review of literature on community resilience measurement published between 2005 and 2014 revealed that the profound lack of clarity on risk and resilience is one of the main reasons why confusion about terms such as adaptive capacity, resilience, and vulnerability persists, despite the effort spared to operationalise these concepts. Resilience is measured in isolation in some cases, where a shock is perceived to arise external to the system of interest. Problematically, this contradicts the way in which the climate change and disaster communities perceive risk as manifesting itself endogenously as a function of exposure, hazard, and vulnerability...
July 6, 2017: Disasters
Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Alain Gervaix, Kevin Haddad, Laurence Lacroix, Philippe Schrurs, Ayhan Sahin, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are nowadays recognized as the world's most authoritative resuscitation guidelines. Adherence to these guidelines optimizes the management of critically ill patients and increases their chances of survival after cardiac arrest. Despite their availability, suboptimal quality of CPR is still common. Currently, the median hospital survival rate after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest is 36%, whereas it falls below 10% for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
S Sivareddy, Arya Paul, Travis Sluka, M Ravichandran, Eugenia Kalnay
Assimilation methods, meant to constrain divergence of model trajectory from reality using observations, do not exactly satisfy the physical laws governing the model state variables. This allows mismatches in the analysis in the vicinity of observation locations where the effect of assimilation is most prominent. These mismatches are usually mitigated either by the model dynamics in between the analysis cycles and/or by assimilation at the next analysis cycle. However, if the observations coverage is limited in space, as it was in the ocean before the Argo era, these mechanisms may be insufficient to dampen the mismatches, which we call shocks, and they may remain and grow...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Teresa M Stephens, Pamela Smith, Caitlin Cherry
New nursing graduates experience many challenges when transitioning from the academic environment to the practice setting. For many, the period of transition from student to employee is less than optimal, with many still experiencing reality shock, cognitive dissonance, and theory-practice gaps. The Stephens Model of Nursing Student Resilience addresses the unique issues faced by new graduate nurses to assist them in developing healthy coping strategies and to promote resilience. This model forms the basis of the RN Personal Resilience Enhancement Plan, a supplemental onboarding program created to assist new nurses in confidently facing challenges encountered during orientation and successfully moving forward as nursing professionals...
March 2017: AORN Journal
Johannie Roy, Fanny Robichaud
The shock of reality expresses a dissonance between reality what was imagined about the labor world. It is part of the integration process of new nurses that join a health care setting for the first time. This major step, related to the first work experience, places recruits in a state of vulnerability in their new profession. While several retirements are expected among baby boomers, finding solutions to ease the transition to the professional role among younger nurses is crucial. This narrative literature review attempts to answer the following questions : What characterizes the reality shock among new nurses in a context of role transition from student to professional ? CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were consulted in addition to reports issued by the OIIQ...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
Giuseppe Albino, Francesco Albergo
OBJECTIVE: The right to health (according to the Article 32 of the Italian Republic Constitution) is financially conditioned; for this reason the National Health System (NHS) has the objective of rationalize health expenditure according to the criteria of efficiency, effectiveness and economy. This paper is an example of rationalization concerning the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital admissions for urinary stones were taken into account...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Dukyoo Jung, Soon Hee Lee, Sook Jung Kang, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: New nursing graduates have revealed that they perceive a gap between theory and practice with reference to their education and the real workplace setting. Additionally, many nurses experience a reality shock when they participate in clinical practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the effects of a scenario-based simulation training program on new graduate nurses' competency, critical thinking dispositions, and interpersonal communication skills...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
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November 17, 2016: Nature
Laura Geerts, Carole Fantini-Hauwel, Elodie Brugallé, Odile Boute, Frédéric Frénois, Lydie Defrance, Sylvie Manouvrier-Hanu, Florence Petit, Pascal Antoine
The aim of the present study was to understand the context and psychological impact for patients diagnosed with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 9 patients affected by HHT, and the transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The results of this study allowed us to propose a new hypothesis to explain the delay in diagnosis: the trivialization of symptoms associated with HHT. Moreover, the results showed that a genetic diagnosis of HHT results in emotional shock, uncertainty about the future, and worry about one's children in parents who are confronted with the dilemma of facing the reality of the diagnosis or delaying dealing with the diagnosis until disease onset...
June 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Marie Crowe, Lisa Whitehead, Carol Bugge, Dave Carlyle, Janet Carter, Virginia Maskill
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of diagnosis and education for people living with Type 2 diabetes who have sub-optimal glycaemic control. BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is a global concern. Many people have difficulty maintaining optimal glycaemic control with up to 50% having HbA1c levels higher than recommended. A range of factors that have been suggested as possibly contributing to this, however, little is known about how their experience of diagnosis, education and support to attempt to understand the context of their self-management practices...
March 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Diana Jefferies, Debbie Horsfall, Virginia Schmied
PROBLEM: Often, there is a sense of shock and disbelief when a mother murders her child. BACKGROUND: Yet, literary texts (plays, poems and novels) contain depictions of women experiencing mental illness or feelings of desperation after childbirth who murder their children. AIM: To further understand why a woman may harm her child we examine seven literary texts ranging in time and place from fifth century BCE Greece to twenty-first century Australia...
February 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Lauren S Hopkins, Fred J Helmstetter, Deborah E Hannula
Past reports suggest that threatening materials can impact the efficiency of goal-directed behavior. However, questions remain about whether a conditional stimulus (CS) can capture attention as previous results may have been influenced by voluntary prioritization of a to-be-ignored CS. In 2 experiments, eye tracking was used to evaluate whether neutral, perceptually simple materials capture attention when they take on aversive properties via probabilistic fear conditioning with strict methods in place to eliminate voluntary CS prioritization...
December 2016: Emotion
Joao Miguel Carvas, Cátia Canelas, Gustavo Montanha, Carlos Silva, Francisco Esteves
INTRODUCTION: Severe sepsis and septic shock are common conditions with high levels of morbi-mortality surpassing those of coronary heart disease or stroke. The reality of hospital treated sepsis is largely unknown outside of the intensive care unit. We therefore aimed to evaluate the level of compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 6-hour bundle in a Portuguese emergency department and to relate it to the patient clinical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study with 178 severe sepsis/septic shock patients admitted to the intensive and intermediate care unit between January 1st 2012 and December 31st 2012...
February 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Isabelle Gardiner, Jade Sheen
UNLABELLED: The first year of practice as a nurse is recognized as stressful. Graduate nurses (GNs) report gaps in their education, reality shock, burnout and other negative experiences that influence their intentions to remain in nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this literature review was to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of GNs. REVIEW METHODS: It included thirty-six articles that focused on GNs and their transition to nursing, as part of a graduate nurse program (GNP), from 2005 to present...
May 2016: Nurse Education Today
Quan Hu, Jiake Chai, Sen Hu, Jun Fan, Hong-Wei Wang, Li Ma, Hong-Jie Duan, Lingying Liu, Hongming Yang, Bai-Ling Li, Yi-He Wang
The purposes of this study were to establish an animal model for burn-blast combined injury research and elaborate cardiopulmonary system changes in the early shock stage. In this study, royal demolition explosive or RDX (hexagon, ring trimethylene nitramine) was used as an explosive source, and the injury conditions of the canine test subjects at various distances to the explosion (30, 50, and 70 cm) were observed by gross anatomy and pathology to determine a larger animal model of moderate blast injury. The canines were then subjected to a 35 % total body surface area (TBSA) full-thickness flame injury using napalm, which completed the development of a burn-blast combined injury model...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Hiroyuki Otani, Miwa Ozawa, Tatsuya Morita, Ayako Kawami, Sahana Sharma, Keiko Shiraishi, Akira Oshima
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted on the experiences of children of terminally ill patients or hospital-based medical professionals supporting such children. AIM: This study explored distress among individuals whose parents died of cancer in childhood and among hospital-based medical professionals supporting such children. DESIGN: A qualitative study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The sample was 12 adults whose parents had died of cancer in childhood and 20 hospital-based medical professionals supporting children of patients' with terminal cancer...
February 4, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Mohamed A Zayed, Clement Marshall, Michael Dake, Jason T Lee
BACKGROUND: Focal aortic rupture may result from expanding aneurysms, penetrating aortic wall ulcerations, or virulent infections. An urgent repair of paravisceral focal aortic rupture is associated with high morbidity. A staged repair approach may provide an alternative option. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old woman presented with acute focal rupture of the posterior paravisceral aortic wall and was progressing to hemorrhagic shock and mesenteric ischemia. Given the patient's dire condition, an endovascular approach was used to plug her focal aortic wall defect using a ventricular septal defect occluder device...
January 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Stephan von Düring, Stéphanie Bruchez, Laurent Suppan, Marc Niquille
Oxygen adiministration for both medical and traumatic emergencies is regarded as an essential component of resuscitation. However, many recent studies suggest that the use of oxygen should be more restrictive. Detrimental effects of normobaric oxygen therapy in patients suffering from hypercapnic respiratory diseases have been demonstrated, especially because of the suppression of the hypoxic drive. Apart from this particular situation, correction of hypoxemia is still a widely accepted treatment target, although there is growing evidence that hyperoxemia could be harmful in acute coronary syndromes and cardio-respiratory arrests...
August 12, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Lauren B Burhans, Carrie A Smith-Bell, Bernard G Schreurs
We have previously characterized a model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), based on classical conditioning of the rabbit nictitating membrane response (NMR), that focuses on 2 key PTSD-like features: conditioned responses to trauma-associated cues and hyperarousal. In addition to the development of conditioned NMRs (CRs) to a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) associated with a periorbital shock unconditioned stimulus (US), we have observed that rabbits also exhibit a conditioning-specific reflex modification (CRM) of the NMR that manifests as an exaggerated and more complex reflexive NMR to presentations of the US by itself, particularly to intensities that elicited little response prior to conditioning...
October 2015: Behavioral Neuroscience
Jane E Lacovara
When nurse researcher Marlene Kramer published Reality Shock: Why Nurses Leave Nursing in 1974, her seminal work launched a national discussion related to the distress felt by many baccalaureate-prepared novice nurses about leaving the academic setting and transitioning to the clinical setting. In particular, Kramer (1974) highlighted conflict between the values these new nurses had been taught in school and the reality of practicing as a professional nurse in a clinical setting. For example, in an educational setting, nursing students may focus on one or two patients at a time, whereas in the clinical setting, nurses must practice simultaneously with multiple patients with varied and numerous health deficits...
September 2015: Oncology Nursing Forum
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