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Reality Shock

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438878/crushing-hope-short-term-responses-to-tragedy-vary-by-hopefulness
#1
Jason Fletcher
This paper explores the consequences of hopefulness when the environment changes. Much literature has documented the importance of a positive outlook in pursuing investments in health and education that pay off in the future. A question that has received less attention is whether a positive outlook creates resilience in the face of setbacks or whether a positive outlook may be a disadvantage in extreme circumstances, especially when there is a large mismatch between expectations and reality. This paper uses the coincidental interview schedule of the Add Health data (N = 15,024) around the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001 to examine interactions with this environmental shock and previously elicited measures of hopefulness...
January 31, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437700/-please-don-t-die-a-grounded-theory-study-of-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#2
Justin Mausz, Paul Snobelen, Walter Tavares
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important determinant of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), yet rates of bystander CPR are highly variable. In an effort to promote bystander CPR, the procedure has been streamlined, and ultrashort teaching modalities have been introduced. CPR has been increasingly reconceptualized as simple, safe, and easy to perform; however, current methods of CPR instruction may not adequately prepare lay rescuers for the various logistical, conceptual, and emotional challenges of resuscitating a victim of cardiac arrest...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314363/experiences-of-registered-nurses-from-a-refugee-background-a-scoping-review
#3
Harrison Ng Chok, Judy Mannix, Cathy Dickson, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This scoping review presents an exploration of international literature on the factors that impact refugees' personal and professional experiences during their journey to being registered nurses (RNs) in a new host country. BACKGROUND: Governments of host countries receiving refugees seek to develop strategies that facilitate the successful resettlement, employment and enculturation of refugees that arrive as skilled professionals. The scarcity of studies focussing on issues faced by refugees that are RNs or those pursuing nursing registration and employment in a new host country...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299882/-about-98-cases-of-dengue-hospitalized-in-a-private-clinic-of-ouagadougou-epidemiology-diagnostic-and-evolution
#4
I Diallo, K A Sondo, H Tieno, E Y Tamelokpo, J Zoungrana, Y Sagna, M Savadogo, A Poda, O Guira, E A Diendéré, J Sakandé, Y J Drabo
Extremely widespread, the dengue is a reemerging infectious disease. In Burkina Faso, dengue is a reality that was little known. The aim of this study was to study epidemiology, diagnostic and outcomes of dengue patients in Ouagadougou. A retrospective study covered a period of two years, from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2014 in a private clinic in Ouagadougou. Patients included in the study were hospitalized for fever and painful syndrome with a positive test to the dengue non-structural antigen 1 (NS1 Ag)...
December 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249899/from-fantasy-to-reality-managing-biomedical-risk-emotions-in-and-through-fictional-media
#5
Marci D Cottingham, Jill A Fisher
In this article, we explore the role that fictional media (film and television) play in evoking and managing collective and individual anxieties towards biomedical research. We draw on two data sets: fictional media depictions of human research subjects and interviews with Phase I clinical trial participants conducted in the USA in 2013. We show how fictional media provide an outlet for collective uncertainties surrounding biomedical research through depictions that mock and dehumanise research participants, using such emotions of shock, disgust, pity, amusement and humour...
2017: Health, Risk & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197262/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-environmental-reality-shock-related-issues-and-concerns-instrument-for-newly-graduated-nurses
#6
Eun-Young Kim, Jung Hee Yeo, Hyunjeong Park, Kyung Mi Sin, Cheryl B Jones
BACKGROUND: Reality shock is a critical representation of the gap between nursing education and clinical practice and it is important to explore the level of reality shock among nurses. However, there is no relevant instrument to assess the level of reality shock in South Korea. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this is to determine the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Environmental Reality Shock-Related Issues and Concerns instrument. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used in this study...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180267/cardiac-arrest-and-brugada-syndrome-is-drug-induced-type-1-ecg-pattern-always-a-marker-of-low-risk
#7
Pietro Delise, Giuseppe Allocca, Nadir Sitta, Federico Migliore, Federica Dagradi, Carla Spazzolini, Luigi Sciarra, Valeria Carinci, Domenico Corrado, Leonardo Calò, Peter J Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed as affected by Brugada syndrome (BrS) on the basis of a drug-induced type 1 ECG pattern (type1) are regarded as at low risk for cardiac arrest. We tested whether this assumption matches reality. METHODS: The study population included 26 patients from our group and 217 patients from three studies published between 2002 and 2013, all of them with aborted cardiac arrest (ACA) and in whom a previously unrecognized type1 (spontaneous or drug-induced) was discovered after the event, thus leading to the diagnosis of BrS...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165953/an-alternative-view-of-living-well-survival-trajectory-of-korean-patients-with-kidney-failure-on-hemodialysis
#8
Jinhyang Yang
Patients with kidney failure undergoing hemodialysis rely on a hemodialysis machine for survival. Experiences of patients going through this situation were described using a phenomenological approach. These patients experienced early and late transitions within a dual structure of despair and hope, dependence and independence, and activity and passivity. Early transitions included experiencing shock and a struggle for survival. Late transitions included facing up to the reality and maintaining a hemodialysis-life balance...
May 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153550/why-a-disaster-is-not-just-normal-business-ramped-up-disaster-response-among-ed-nurses
#9
Karen S Hammad, Paul Arbon, Kristine Gebbie, Alison Hutton
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is a familiar place for the emergency nurse who spends their working days inside it. A disaster threatens that familiarity and creates changes that make working in the ED during a disaster response different from the everyday experience of working in the ED. METHODS: This research reports on an aspect of the findings from a larger study about the experience of working as a nurse in the ED during a disaster response. Thirteen nurses from 8 different countries were interviewed about their experience...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149319/from-bouncing-back-to-nurturing-emergence-reframing-the-concept-of-resilience-in-health-systems-strengthening
#10
Edwine W Barasa, Keith Cloete, Lucy Gilson
Recent health system shocks such as the Ebola disease outbreak have focused global health attention on the notion of resilient health systems. In this commentary, we reflect on the current framing of the concept of resilience in health systems discourse and propose a reframing. Specifically, we propose that: (1) in addition to sudden shocks, health systems face the ongoing strain of multiple factors. Health systems need the capacity to continue to deliver services of good quality and respond effectively to wider health challenges...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942780/quality-of-septic-shock-care-in-the-emergency-department-perceptions-versus-reality
#11
Jennifer Roh, Craig Rothenberg, Amitkumar Patel, John Sather, Arjun K Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828218/recruitment-of-orbitofrontal-cortex-during-unpredictable-threat-among-adults-at-risk-for-affective-disorders
#12
Namik Kirlic, Robin L Aupperle, Masaya Misaki, Rayus Kuplicki, Ruben P Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Mood and anxiety disorders are characterized by altered prefrontal-amygdala function and increased behavioral inhibition (BI) in response to potential threat. Whether these alterations constitute a vulnerability or a symptom of illness remains unclear. The medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) is thought to play a central role in estimating probability and cost of threat, in turn informing selection of subsequent behaviors. To better understand the behavioral and neural processes that may be associated with risk for psychopathology, we used a virtual reality paradigm to examine behavioral and neural responses of psychiatrically healthy adults with familial history of affective disorders during anticipation of unpredictable threat...
August 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682497/an-overdue-alignment-of-risk-and-resilience-a-conceptual-contribution-to-community-resilience
#13
Junko Mochizuki, Adriana Keating, Wei Liu, Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Reinhard Mechler
A systematic review of literature on community resilience measurement published between 2005 and 2014 revealed that the profound lack of clarity on risk and resilience is one of the main reasons why confusion about terms such as adaptive capacity, resilience, and vulnerability persists, despite the effort spared to operationalise these concepts. Resilience is measured in isolation in some cases, where a shock is perceived to arise external to the system of interest. Problematically, this contradicts the way in which the climate change and disaster communities perceive risk as manifesting itself endogenously as a function of exposure, hazard, and vulnerability...
July 6, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554878/adherence-to-aha-guidelines-when-adapted-for-augmented-reality-glasses-for-assisted-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Alain Gervaix, Kevin Haddad, Laurence Lacroix, Philippe Schrurs, Ayhan Sahin, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are nowadays recognized as the world's most authoritative resuscitation guidelines. Adherence to these guidelines optimizes the management of critically ill patients and increases their chances of survival after cardiac arrest. Despite their availability, suboptimal quality of CPR is still common. Currently, the median hospital survival rate after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest is 36%, whereas it falls below 10% for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429748/the-pre-argo-ocean-reanalyses-may-be-seriously-affected-by-the-spatial-coverage-of-moored-buoys
#15
S Sivareddy, Arya Paul, Travis Sluka, M Ravichandran, Eugenia Kalnay
Assimilation methods, meant to constrain divergence of model trajectory from reality using observations, do not exactly satisfy the physical laws governing the model state variables. This allows mismatches in the analysis in the vicinity of observation locations where the effect of assimilation is most prominent. These mismatches are usually mitigated either by the model dynamics in between the analysis cycles and/or by assimilation at the next analysis cycle. However, if the observations coverage is limited in space, as it was in the ocean before the Argo era, these mechanisms may be insufficient to dampen the mismatches, which we call shocks, and they may remain and grow...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241949/promoting-resilience-in-new-perioperative-nurses
#16
Teresa M Stephens, Pamela Smith, Caitlin Cherry
New nursing graduates experience many challenges when transitioning from the academic environment to the practice setting. For many, the period of transition from student to employee is less than optimal, with many still experiencing reality shock, cognitive dissonance, and theory-practice gaps. The Stephens Model of Nursing Student Resilience addresses the unique issues faced by new graduate nurses to assist them in developing healthy coping strategies and to promote resilience. This model forms the basis of the RN Personal Resilience Enhancement Plan, a supplemental onboarding program created to assist new nurses in confidently facing challenges encountered during orientation and successfully moving forward as nursing professionals...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186486/-the-shock-of-reality-of-new-nurses
#17
Johannie Roy, Fanny Robichaud
The shock of reality expresses a dissonance between reality what was imagined about the labor world. It is part of the integration process of new nurses that join a health care setting for the first time. This major step, related to the first work experience, places recruits in a state of vulnerability in their new profession. While several retirements are expected among baby boomers, finding solutions to ease the transition to the professional role among younger nurses is crucial. This narrative literature review attempts to answer the following questions : What characterizes the reality shock among new nurses in a context of role transition from student to professional ? CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were consulted in addition to reports issued by the OIIQ...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073204/who-apparently-more-spends-in-reality-spends-less-spending-a-little-more-for-the-rental-of-the-extracorporeal-lithotripter-can-save-a-lot-about-the-days-of-hospitalization-for-urinary-stones
#18
Giuseppe Albino, Francesco Albergo
OBJECTIVE: The right to health (according to the Article 32 of the Italian Republic Constitution) is financially conditioned; for this reason the National Health System (NHS) has the objective of rationalize health expenditure according to the criteria of efficiency, effectiveness and economy. This paper is an example of rationalization concerning the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital admissions for urinary stones were taken into account...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889583/development-and-evaluation-of-a-clinical-simulation-for-new-graduate-nurses-a-multi-site-pilot-study
#19
Dukyoo Jung, Soon Hee Lee, Sook Jung Kang, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: New nursing graduates have revealed that they perceive a gap between theory and practice with reference to their education and the real workplace setting. Additionally, many nurses experience a reality shock when they participate in clinical practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the effects of a scenario-based simulation training program on new graduate nurses' competency, critical thinking dispositions, and interpersonal communication skills...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853225/reality-must-trump-rhetoric-after-us-election-shock
#20
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Nature
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