keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bran

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100826/biomechanical-properties-of-wheat-grains-the-implications-on-milling
#1
James E Hourston, Michael Ignatz, Martin Reith, Gerhard Leubner-Metzger, Tina Steinbrecher
Millennia of continuous innovation have driven ever increasing efficiency in the milling process. Mechanically characterizing wheat grains and discerning the structure and function of the wheat bran layers can contribute to continuing innovation. We present novel shear force and puncture force testing regimes to characterize different wheat grain cultivars. The forces endured by wheat grains during the milling process can be quantified, enabling us to measure the impact of commonly applied grain pretreatments, such as microwave heating, extended tempering, enzyme and hormone treatments on grains of different 'hardness'...
January 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097168/purification-and-biochemical-properties-of-a-thermostable-haloalkaline-cellulase-from-bacillus-licheniformis-amf-07-and-its-application-for-hydrolysis-of-different-cellulosic-substrates-to-bioethanol-production
#2
Fatemeh Azadian, Arastoo Badoei-Dalfard, Abdolhamid Namaki-Shoushtari, Mehdi Hassanshahian
A thermophilic strain AMF-07, hydrolyzing carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was isolated from Kerman hot spring and was identified as Bacillus licheniformis based on 16S rRNA sequence homology. The carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) enzyme produced by the B. licheniformis was purified by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The purified enzyme gave a single band on SDS- PAGE with a molecular weight of 37 kDa. The CMCase enzyme was highly active and stable over broad ranges of temperature (40-80ºC), pH (6...
September 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094854/synthesis-and-antioxidant-properties-of-caffeic-acid-corn-bran-arabinoxylan-esters
#3
Yanli Li, Yuanbo Zhu, Rong Liang, Cheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: As a potential of bioactive additives, corn bran arabinoxylan (CAX) was prominent in its probiotic benefits and immuno-enhancing activities. In order to improve the antioxidant ability of CAX, naturally occurring caffeic acid (CA) was covalently attached to CAX by esterification to generate caffeic acid corn bran arabinoxylan esters (CA-CAX) with various degrees of substitution (DS). METHODS: The structure of CA-CAX was analyzed by NMR and the DS was determined by HPLC...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092734/combined-utilization-of-nutrients-and-sugar-derived-from-wheat-bran-for-d-lactate-fermentation-by-sporolactobacillus-inulinus-ybs1-5
#4
Jiahuang Li, Junfei Sun, Bin Wu, Bingfang He
To decrease d-Lactate production cost, wheat bran, a low-cost waste of milling industry, was selected as the sole feedstock. First, the nutrients were recovered from wheat bran by acid protease hydrolysis. Then, cellulosic hydrolysates were prepared from protease-treated samples after acid pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification. The combined use of nutrients and hydrolysates as nitrogen and carbon sources for fermentation by S. inulinus YB1-5 resulted in d-Lactate levels of 99.5g/L, with an average production efficiency of 1...
December 30, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089080/salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
V Vuksan, A L Jenkins, C Brissette, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Gibbs, R P Bazinet, F Au-Yeung, A Zurbau, H V T Ho, L Duvnjak, J L Sievenpiper, R G Josse, A Hanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preliminary findings indicate that consumption of Salba-chia (Salvia hispanica L.), an ancient seed, improves management of type 2 diabetes and suppresses appetite. The aim of this study was to assesse the effect of Salba-chia on body weight, visceral obesity and obesity-related risk factors in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial with two parallel groups involved 77 overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c: 6...
December 9, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087022/peripilar-hair-casts
#6
Lucía Campos-Muñoz, Alejandro Fueyo-Casado, Carmen Carranza-Romero, Elena Gonzalez-Guerra, Eduardo López-Bran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078265/classification-of-31-korean-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-cultivars-based-on-the-chemical-compositions
#7
Induck Choi, Chon-Sik Kang, Choon-Kee Lee, Sun-Lim Kim
Whole grain wheat flour (WGWF) is the entire grain (bran, endosperm, and germ) milled to make flour. The WGWF of 31 Korean wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars were analyzed for the chemical compositions, and classified into groups by hierarchical cluster analysis (HCL). The average composition values showed a substantial variation among wheat varieties due to different wheat varieties. Wheat cv. Shinmichal1 (waxy wheat) had the highest ash, lipid, and total dietary fiber contents of 1.76, 3.14, and 15.49 g/100 g, respectively...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071792/thermal-stability-improvement-of-rice-bran-albumin-protein-incorporated-with-epigallocatechin-gallate
#8
Zhongkai Zhou, Jingjing Xu, Yuqian Liu, Demei Meng, Xiaoli Sun, Hong Yi, Yunjing Gao, Guoyu Sun, Padraig Strappe, Chris Blanchard, Rui Yang
Rice bran albumin protein (RAP) is sensitive to thermal changes and tends to degrade when exposed to high-temperature processing. In this work, RAP-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) complex (RAPE) was prepared and the thermal stability was evaluated. Fluorescence results showed that EGCG could interact with RAP with a binding number n of 0.0885:1 (EGCG:RAP, w/w) and a binding constant K of 1.02 (± 0.002) ×10(4) /M, suggesting both hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces played an important role. FTIR analysis demonstrated that EGCG could induce secondary structural changes in RAP above a ratio of 1...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069122/rice-bran-polysaccharides-and-oligosaccharides-modified-by-grifola-frondosa-fermentation-antioxidant-activities-and-effects-on-the-production-of-no
#9
Qian Liu, Xiujuan Cao, Xuhui Zhuang, Wei Han, Weiqun Guo, Jian Xiong, Xiaolin Zhang
Rice bran polysaccharides (RBPSs) are valuable compounds with many biological activities. In this work, a fungus called Grifola frondosa, was selected to ferment defatted rice bran water extracts and modify the RBPSs, which were then isolated by ethanol precipitation and deproteinization. GC analysis of fermented products suggested they are composed of glucose, arabinose, galactose, mannose, and xylose at a molar ratio of 9:5:8:2:5, which was 32:4:6:2:5 before fermentation. HPLC analysis revealed that the molecular weight of unfermented RBPS was distributed mainly from 10(3) to 10(4)Da, and it changed to 10(2) to 10(3)Da after fermentation...
May 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067599/detection-of-cracks-in-dried-spaghetti-using-transmission-images
#10
Takenobu Ogawa, Shuji Adachi
Cracks are formed during the drying process of spaghetti production, which reduces its commercial value and quality; hence, it is very important to detect the cracks during the manufacturing process of dried spaghetti. However, the presence of mottles, originating from wheat bran, hinders automatic identification of cracks. In this study, we developed a simple method to detect the cracks induced in spaghetti using a digital camera. The cracks and mottles were distinguished by pixelating the transmission light image of the spaghetti and analyzing the image based on the geometric characteristics in the histogram consisting of all the pixels...
January 9, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067423/current-standards-of-neuropsychological-assessment-in-epilepsy-surgery-centers-across-europe
#11
Viola Lara Vogt, Marja Äikiä, Antonio Del Barrio, Paul Boon, Csaba Borbély, Ema Bran, Kees Braun, Evelien Carette, Maria Clark, Judith Helen Cross, Petia Dimova, Daniel Fabo, Nikolaos Foroglou, Stefano Francione, Anna Gersamia, Antonio Gil-Nagel, Alla Guekht, Sue Harrison, Hrvoje Hecimovic, Einar Heminghyt, Edouard Hirsch, Alena Javurkova, Reetta Kälviäinen, Nicole Kavan, Anna Kelemen, Vasilios K Kimiskidis, Margarita Kirschner, Catherine Kleitz, Teia Kobulashvili, Mary H Kosmidis, Selin Yagci Kurtish, Mathieu Lesourd, Sofia Ljunggren, Morten Ingvar Lossius, Kristina Malmgren, Ruta Mameniskiené, Patricia Martin-Sanfilippo, Petr Marusic, Marijke Miatton, Çiğdem Özkara, Federica Pelle, Guido Rubboli, Sarah Rudebeck, Philippe Ryvlin, Monique van Schooneveld, Elisabeth Schmid, Pia-Magdalena Schmidt, Margitta Seeck, Bernhard J Steinhoff, Sara Shavel-Jessop, Oana Tarta-Arsene, Eugen Trinka, Gerd Viggedal, Anne-Sophie Wendling, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
We explored the current practice with respect to the neuropsychological assessment of surgical epilepsy patients in European epilepsy centers, with the aim of harmonizing and establishing common standards. Twenty-six epilepsy centers and members of "E-PILEPSY" (a European pilot network of reference centers in refractory epilepsy and epilepsy surgery), were asked to report the status of neuropsychological assessment in adults and children via two different surveys. There was a consensus among these centers regarding the role of neuropsychology in the presurgical workup...
January 9, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064440/dietary-fibre-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-colorectal-adenomas-and-carcinomas
#12
REVIEW
Yibo Yao, Tao Suo, Roland Andersson, Yongqing Cao, Chen Wang, Jingen Lu, Evelyne Chui
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2002.Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialised countries. Experimental evidence has supported the hypothesis that dietary fibre may protect against the development of CRC, although epidemiologic data have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of dietary fibre on the recurrence of colorectal adenomatous polyps in people with a known history of adenomatous polyps and on the incidence of CRC compared to placebo...
January 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063362/production-of-enzymes-by-a-newly-isolated-bacillus-sp-tmf-1-in-solid-state-fermentation-on-agricultural-by-products-the-evaluation-of-substrate-pretreatment-methods
#13
Abdalla Ali Salim, Sanja Grbavčić, Nataša Šekuljica, Andrea Stefanović, Sonja Jakovetić Tanasković, Nevena Luković, Zorica Knežević-Jugović
Study on potential of different agro-industrial waste residues for supporting the growth of newly isolated Bacillus sp. TMF-1 strain under solid-state fermentation (SSF) was conducted aiming to produce several industrially valuable enzymes. Since the feasibility of the initial study was confirmed, further objectives included evaluation of several pretreatments of the studied agricultural by-products (soybean meal, sunflower meal, maize bran, maize pericarp, olive oil cake and wheat bran) on the microbial productivity as means of enhancing the yields of produced proteases, α-amylases, cellulases and pectinases...
December 24, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062009/reduced-particle-size-wheat-bran-is-butyrogenic-and-lowers-salmonella-colonization-when-added-to-poultry-feed
#14
K Vermeulen, J Verspreet, C M Courtin, F Haesebrouck, R Ducatelle, F Van Immerseel
Feed additives, including prebiotics, are commonly used alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters to improve gut health and performance in broilers. Wheat bran is a highly concentrated source of (in)soluble fiber which is partly degraded by the gut microbiota. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of wheat bran as such to reduce colonization of the cecum and shedding of Salmonella bacteria in vivo. Also, the effect of particle size was evaluated. Bran with an average reduced particle size of 280μm decreased levels of cecal Salmonella colonization and shedding shortly after infection when compared to control groups and groups receiving bran with larger particle sizes...
January 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032158/dorsal-onlay-with-diced-homologous-processed-rib-cartilage-grafts
#15
Peter J F M Lohuis, Anil Joshi, Gregor M Bran, Frank R Datema, Lenka Vermeeren
BACKGROUND: Diced cartilage wrapped in fascia or modeled with tissue sealant has successfully been used as dorsal onlay grafts in rhinoplasty. The use of autologous material introduces the risk of donor site morbidity, and sometimes availability is limited. METHODS: We present a series of nine cases that were performed using diced irradiated homologous rib cartilage as an onlay graft. RESULTS: Good functional and cosmetic outcomes were achieved in all nine patients, and no significant resorption was seen after a mean follow-up of 20 months...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031470/effectiveness-of-naturally-occurring-substances-added-to-duck-litter-in-reducing-emergence-and-landing-of-adult-musca-domestica-diptera-muscidae
#16
Simon Lachance, Justine Shiell, Michele T Guerin, Cynthia Scott-Dupree
Poultry barns provide an ideal breeding environment for Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) owing to the controlled temperatures and litter (manure plus bedding material) accumulation. Management techniques that render the litter less suitable for immature stage development, such as the addition of naturally occurring insecticidal substances, could reduce fly infestations. The effectiveness of acetic, boric, and citric acids; diatomaceous earth; and hydrated lime at restricting female landing and growth of house flies in duck litter was evaluated...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030966/systemic-drugs-that-influence-titanium-implant-osseointegration
#17
Dragos Apostu, Ondine Lucaciu, Gheorghe Dan Osvald Lucaciu, Bogdan Crisan, Liana Crisan, Mihaela Baciut, Florin Onisor, Grigore Baciut, Radu Septimiu Câmpian, Simion Bran
Titanium implants are widely used on an increasing number of patients in orthopedic and dental medicine. Despite the good survival rates of these implants, failures that lead to important socio-economic consequences still exist. Recently, research aimed at improving implant fixation, a process called osseointegration, has focused on a new, inovative field: systemic delivery of drugs. Following implant fixation, patients receive systemic drugs that could either impair or enhance osseointegration; these drugs include anabolic and anti-catabolic bone-acting agents in addition to new treatments...
December 28, 2016: Drug Metabolism Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028889/the-molecular-response-of-the-white-rot-fungus-dichomitus-squalens-to-wood-and-non-woody-biomass-as-examined-by-transcriptome-and-exoproteome-analyses
#18
Johanna Rytioja, Kristiina Hildén, Marcos Di Falco, Miaomiao Zhou, Maria Victoria Aguilar-Pontes, Outi-Maaria Sietiö, Adrian Tsang, Ronald P de Vries, Miia R Mäkelä
The ability to obtain carbon and energy is a major requirement to exist in any environment. For several ascomycete fungi (post-)genomic analyses have shown that species that occupy a large variety of habitats possess a diverse enzymatic machinery, while species with a specific habitat have a more focused enzyme repertoire that is well-adapted to the prevailing substrate. White-rot basidiomycete fungi also live in a specific habitat, as they are found exclusively in wood. In this study, we evaluated how well the enzymatic machinery of the white-rot fungus Dichomitus squalens is tailored to degrade its natural wood substrate...
December 28, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026141/in-vitro-fermentative-capacity-of-swine-large-intestine-comparison-between-native-lantang-and-commercial-duroc-breeds
#19
Peng Hui Cheng, Juan Boo Liang, Yin Bao Wu, Yan Wang, Vincenzo Tufarelli, Vito Laudadio, Xin Di Liao
Native Lantang and commercial Duroc pigs were used as animal models to evaluate the differences existing in dietary fiber utilization ability between breeds. Animals were fed the same diet from weaning (4 weeks) to 4 months of age. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) from wheat bran (as substrate) and fecal samples from the two breeds (as inoculum) were used in an in vitro gas production trial. Results showed that cumulative and maximum gas productions were higher in inocula from Lantang than those from the Duroc breed (P < 0...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013544/sensitive-flow-through-immunoassay-for-rapid-multiplex-determination-of-cereal-borne-mycotoxins-in-feed-and-feed-ingredients
#20
Natalia V Beloglazova, Kinga Graniczkowska, Emmanuel Njumbe Ediage, Olga Averkieva, Sarah De Saeger
An easy-to-operate membrane-based flow-through test for multiplex screening of four mycotoxins (zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, aflatoxin B1, and ochratoxin A) in a variety of cereal based feed ingredients and compound feed, such as wheat, barley, soybean, wheat bran, rice, rice bran, maize, rapeseed meal, sunflower meal and various types of complete feed (ducklings feed, swine feed, broiler feed, piglet feed) was developed and validated. First, the antibodies were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, then employed in the membrane rapid test...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
54076
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"