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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233169/an-evidence-based-gamified-mhealth-intervention-for-overweight-young-adults-with-maladaptive-eating-habits-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ioana R Podina, Liviu A Fodor, Ana Cosmoiu, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line of treatment for overweight and obesity patients whose problems originate in maladaptive eating habits (e.g., emotional eating). However, in-person CBT is currently difficult to access by large segments of the population. The proposed SIGMA intervention (i.e., the Self-help, Integrated, and Gamified Mobile-phone Application) is a mHealth intervention based on CBT principles. It specifically targets overweight young adults with underlying maladaptive behaviors and cognitions regarding food...
December 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197947/effects-of-a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-based-skills-group-intervention-for-obese-individuals-a-brazilian-pilot-study
#2
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Ronald Patrick Araujo Liboni, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to analyze the effects of an adapted dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training group on problematic and adaptive eating behaviors in Brazilian obese individuals. METHODS: Thirty-one obese individuals were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of adapted DBT skills training (n = 14) or two months of a waiting list comparison condition (n = 17). RESULTS: Attrition rates were similar to what's been found in comparable studies, with most dropouts happening at the beginning of the treatment...
December 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183700/attachment-and-eating-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-relevance-of-attachment-for-unhealthy-and-healthy-eating-behaviors-in-the-general-population
#3
REVIEW
Aida Faber, Laurette Dubé, Bärbel Knäuper
Attachment relationships play an important role in people's wellbeing and affliction with physical and mental illnesses, including eating disorders. Seven reviews from the clinical field have consistently shown that higher attachment insecurity-failure to form trusting and reliable relationships with others-systematically characterized individuals with eating disorders. Nevertheless, to date, it is unclear whether (and if so how) these findings apply to the population at large. Consequently, the objective of the present meta-analysis is to quantify the relationship between attachment and unhealthy and healthy eating in the general population...
November 25, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175441/emotional-ratings-of-high-and-low-calorie-food-are-differentially-associated-with-cognitive-restraint-and-dietary-restriction
#4
Sarah E Racine
Dietary restraint is a robust risk factor for binge eating and eating disorders, which may partially result from increased reward reactivity to food in individuals who attempt to diet. However, research examining the association between dietary restraint and reactivity to food cues is mixed. Mixed findings may reflect distinct relations between food cue reactivity and different dimensions of dietary behavior; attempts to diet (cognitive restraint) may be associated with increased positive evaluations of food, whereas actual reduction in food intake (dietary restriction) may be achieved through decreased reactivity to food cues...
November 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168283/emotion-regulation-as-a-transdiagnostic-feature-among-eating-disorders-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-approach
#5
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Múrcia, José M Menchón, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are observed in eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies have explored ER before and after treatment. The aims are as follows: to explore ER difficulties across ED types and a healthy control (HC) group (Study 1) and to assess pretreatment and post-treatment changes among ED types (Study 2). In Study 1, adult women with EDs (n = 438) and HC (n = 126) completed an assessment including Eating Disorders Inventory-2, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
November 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165348/emotion-regulation-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Alexandra Dingemans, Unna Danner, Melissa Parks
The purpose of the present review is to provide a summary of the research findings on emotion regulation in Binge Eating Disorder (BED). Negative emotions and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies play a role in the onset and maintenance of binge eating in BED. Anger and sadness, along with negative emotions related to interpersonal experiences (i.e., disappointment, being hurt or loneliness), seem to be particularly relevant. Individuals with BED have a tendency to suppress and ruminate on their unwanted emotions, which leads to increased psychopathological thoughts and symptoms...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163267/binge-eating-but-not-other-disordered-eating-symptoms-is-a-significant-contributor-of-binge-drinking-severity-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-french-students
#7
Benjamin Rolland, Mickael Naassila, Céline Duffau, Hakim Houchi, Fabien Gierski, Judith André
Many studies have suggested the co-occurrence of eating disorders and alcohol use disorders but in which extent binge eating (BE) and other disordered eating symptoms (DES) are associated with the severity of binge drinking (BD) remains unknown. We conducted a online cross-sectional study among 1,872 French students. Participants were asked their age, gender, tobacco and cannabis use status. They completed the Alcohol Use Questionnaire (AUQ), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and UPPS impulsive behavior questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128522/biological-evidence-for-attention-bias-to-food-emotional-dysregulation-disinhibition-and-deficient-somatosensory-awareness-in-obesity-with-binge-eating-disorder
#8
Roni Aviram-Friedman, Nerys Astbury, Christopher N Ochner, Isobel Contento, Allan Geliebter
OBJECTIVES: To refine the biobehavioral markers of binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: We conducted fMRI brain scans using images of high energy processed food (HEPF), low energy unprocessed food (LEUF), or non-foods (NF) in 42 adults (obese with BED [obese -BED; n=13] and obese with no BED [obese non-BED; n=29]) selected via ads. Two blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) signal contrast maps were examined: food versus nonfood, and HEPF versus LEUF. In addition, score differences on the disinhibition scale were correlated with BOLD signals...
November 8, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105204/emotional-reactivity-and-appraisal-of-food-in-relation-to-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-behaviours-evidence-to-support-the-motivational-conflict-hypothesis
#9
Sarah E Racine, Karen R Hebert, Stephen D Benning
Eating disorders are associated with both negative and positive emotional reactions towards food. Individual eating disorder symptoms may relate to distinct emotional responses to food, which could necessitate tailored treatments based on symptom presentation. We examined associations between eating disorder symptoms and psychophysiological responses to food versus neutral images in 87 college students [mean (SD) age = 19.70 (2.09); mean (SD) body mass index = 23.25(2.77)]. Reflexive and facial electromyography measures tapping negative emotional reactivity (startle blink reflex) and appraisal (corrugator muscle response) as well as positive emotional reactivity (postauricular reflex) and appraisal (zygomaticus muscle response) were collected...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101588/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-across-types-of-eating-disorders-during-adolescence
#10
Noam Weinbach, Helene Sher, Cara Bohon
Emotion regulation appears to play a key role in eating disorders. However, prior attempts to associate specific emotion regulation abilities with specific types of eating disorders resulted in inconsistent findings. Moreover, far less is known about emotion regulation in eating disorders during adolescence, a critical period of emotional development. The current study addresses this gap, comparing emotion regulation characteristics between adolescents with restrictive types of eating disorders and those with binge eating or purging types of eating disorders...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098668/similarities-and-differences-in-genetics
#11
Yang Zhang, Yan Sun, Jie Liang, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Similar symptomatology manifestations and high co-morbidity in substance and non-substance addictions suggest that there may be a common pathogenesis between them. Associated with impulse control and emotional processing, the monoamine neurotransmitter system genes are suggested to be related to both substance and non-substance addictions, such as dopamine (DA) system, 5-hydroxytryptamine/serotonin (5-HT) system, the endogenous opioid system and so on. Here we reviewed the similarities and differences in genetics between classic substance addiction and common types of non-substance addiction, e...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079383/surgery-type-and-psychosocial-factors-contribute-to-poorer-weight-loss-outcomes-in-persons-with-a-body-mass-index-greater-than-60-kg-m-2
#12
Ryan J Marek, Gail A Williams, Samantha H Mohun, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: The current investigation aims to predict 3-year postoperative percent total weight loss among a sample of bariatric surgery patients with super-super obesity. OBJECTIVE: Previous research implies that persons with presurgical super-super obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥60 kg/m(2)) tend to have poorer loss outcomes compared with those with a lower presurgical BMI after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic, Bariatric & Metabolic Institute, Cleveland, OH...
September 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066077/applying-novel-technologies-and-methods-to-inform-the-ontology-of-self-regulation
#13
Ian W Eisenberg, Patrick G Bissett, Jessica R Canning, Jesse Dallery, A Zeynep Enkavi, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, Oscar Gonzalez, Alan I Green, Mary Ann Greene, Michaela Kiernan, Sunny Jung Kim, Jamie Li, Michael R Lowe, Gina L Mazza, Stephen A Metcalf, Lisa Onken, Sadev S Parikh, Ellen Peters, Judith J Prochaska, Emily A Scherer, Luke E Stoeckel, Matthew J Valente, Jialing Wu, Haiyi Xie, David P MacKinnon, Lisa A Marsch, Russell A Poldrack
Self-regulation is a broad construct representing the general ability to recruit cognitive, motivational and emotional resources to achieve long-term goals. This construct has been implicated in a host of health-risk behaviors, and is a promising target for fostering beneficial behavior change. Despite its clear importance, the behavioral, psychological and neural components of self-regulation remain poorly understood, which contributes to theoretical inconsistencies and hinders maximally effective intervention development...
October 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057603/delay-discounting-of-reward-and-impulsivity-in-eating-disorders-from-anorexia-nervosa-to-binge-eating-disorder
#14
Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Zaida Agüera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Evidence points to eating disorder patients displaying altered rates of delay discounting (one's degree of preference for immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards). Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are believed to have an increased capacity to delay reward, which reflects their ability to override the drive to eat. Contrarily, binge eating disorder (BED) patients are associated with a reduced predisposition to delay gratification. Here, we investigated monetary delay discounting and impulsivity in 80 adult women with EDs (56 AN and 24 BED), diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria, and 80 healthy controls...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052240/testing-predictions-of-the-emotion-regulation-model-of-binge-eating-disorder
#15
Therese E Kenny, Christopher Singleton, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: The emotion regulation (ER) model of binge eating posits that individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED) experience more intense emotions and greater difficulties in ER than individuals without BED, leading them to binge eat as a means of regulating emotions. According to this model, individuals with BED should report greater difficulties in ER than their non-BED counterparts, the severity of these difficulties should be positively associated with BED symptoms, and this association should be stronger when individuals experience persistent negative emotions (i...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024361/emotional-processing-in-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
J Fernandes, F Ferreira-Santos, K Miller, S Torres
The role of emotional functioning in the development and maintenance of obesity has been investigated, but the literature is poorly integrated. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to explore emotional processing impairments in obesity. PubMed, Web of Knowledge and PsycINFO databases were searched in March 2016, yielding 31 studies comparing emotional processing competencies in individuals with obesity, with or without binge eating disorder (BED), and control groups. Meta-analyses demonstrated that individuals with obesity had higher scores of alexithymia (d = 0...
October 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021748/binge-like-sucrose-self-administration-experience-inhibits-cocaine-and-sucrose-seeking-behavior-in-offspring
#17
Qiumin Le, Yanqing Li, Weiqing Hou, Biao Yan, Xiangchen Yu, Haikun Song, Feifei Wang, Lan Ma
Recent studies show that emotional and environmental stimuli promote epigenetic inheritance and influence behavioral development in the subsequent generations. Caloric mal- and under-nutrition has been shown to cause metabolic disturbances in the subsequent generation, but the incentive properties of paternal binge-like eating in offspring is still unknown. Here we show that paternal sucrose self-administration experience could induce inter-generational decrease in both sucrose and cocaine-seeking behavior, and sucrose responding in F1 rats, but not F2, correlated with the performance of F0 rats in sucrose self-administration...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#18
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#19
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966910/a-pilot-study-of-an-acceptance-based-behavioral-treatment-for-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Adrienne S Juarascio, Stephanie M Manasse, Hallie M Espel, Leah M Schumacher, Stephanie Kerrigan, Evan M Forman
While existing treatments produce remission in a relatively large percentage of individuals with binge eating disorder (BED), room for improvement remains. Interventions designed to increase emotion regulation skills and clarify one's chosen values may be well-suited to address factors known to maintain BED. The current study examined the preliminary efficacy of a group-based treatment, Acceptance-based Behavioral Therapy (ABBT), in a small open trial (n=19), as well as the relationship between changes in hypothesized mechanisms of action and outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
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