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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#1
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064111/modification-of-the-medical-exclusion-criterion-in-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-comorbid-obesity-as-an-example
#2
Kristy L Dalrymple, Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The DSM 5 modified the medical exclusion criterion from DSM-IV, which now allows for a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to be given if the fears are related only to the medical condition (e.g., obesity) yet cause significant impairment or distress. METHODS: To examine this modification, the current study compared bariatric surgery candidates with DSM-IV SAD (n=135), modified SAD (clinically significant social fears related to obesity only; n=40), and no history of Axis I disorders (n=616) on variables related to pre-surgical problematic eating behaviors, body image dissatisfaction, functional impairment, and other characteristics related to bariatric surgery...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038437/internalization-of-appearance-ideals-mediates-the-relationship-between-appearance-related-pressures-from-peers-and-emotional-eating-among-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#3
Katherine A Thompson, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Sheila M Brady, Amber B Courville, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Appearance-related pressures have been associated with binge eating in previous studies. Yet, it is unclear if these pressures are associated with emotional eating or if specific sources of pressure are differentially associated with emotional eating. We studied the associations between multiple sources of appearance-related pressures, including pressure to be thin and pressure to increase muscularity, and emotional eating in 300 adolescents (Mage=15.3, SD=1.4, 60% female). Controlling for age, race, puberty, body mass index (BMI) z-score, and sex, both pressure to be thin and pressure to be more muscular from same-sex peers were positively associated with emotional eating in response to feeling angry/frustrated and unsettled (ps<0...
December 22, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013169/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-japanese-sample
#4
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Seiji Hamagaki, Ryuro Takagi, Satoshi Teramukai, Stephen A Wonderlich
We conducted a study of the clinical presentation and outcome in patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), aged 15-40years, and compared this group to an anorexia nervosa (AN) group in a Japanese sample. A retrospective chart review was completed on 245 patients with feeding and eating disorders (FEDs), analyzing prevalence, clinical presentation, psychopathological properties, and outcomes. Using the DSM-5 criteria, 27 (11.0%) out of the 245 patients with a FED met the criteria for ARFID at entry...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989564/behavioral-evidence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-binge-eaters
#5
Dawn M Eichen, Eunice Chen, Kerri N Boutelle, Michael S McCloskey
Binge eating is the most common disordered eating symptom and can lead to the development of obesity. Previous self-report research has supported the hypothesis that individuals who binge eat report greater levels of general emotion dysregulation, which may facilitate binge-eating behavior. However, to date, no study has experimentally tested the relation between binge eating history and in-vivo emotion dysregulation. To do this, a sample of female college students who either endorsed binge eating (n = 40) or denied the presence of any eating pathology (n = 47) completed the Difficulties with Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and a behavioral distress tolerance task (the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task-Computer: PASAT-C) known to induce negative affect and distress...
December 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978502/associations-between-emotion-regulation-difficulties-eating-disorder-symptoms-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-heterogeneous-eating-disorder-sample
#6
Emily M Pisetsky, Ann F Haynos, Jason M Lavender, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations between specific dimensions of emotion dysregulation and eating disorder (ED) symptoms and behaviors, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide attempts in a heterogeneous ED sample. METHODS: Participants (N=110) completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and self-reported the presence of lifetime NSSI and a lifetime suicide attempt. RESULTS: The EDE-Q global score, a primarily cognitive measure of ED symptoms, was significantly positively correlated with DERS strategies, clarity, and awareness subscale scores and DERS total score (ps<0...
November 30, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851989/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-during-childhood-predicts-self-reported-binge-eating-in-adolescence
#7
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the current study were to examine whether eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) at age 7 predicted reports of self-reported binge eating at age 15 and to identify factors among girls with high-EAH that moderated risk of later binge eating. METHOD: Subjects included 158 girls assessed at age 7 and age 15. Logistic regression was used to predict binge eating at age 15 from calories consumed during EAH at age 7. A series of logistic regressions were used to examine the odds of reporting binge eating given levels of risk factors (e...
November 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849502/eating-behaviors-prevalence-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-associations-with-body-mass-index-among-male-and-female-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#8
Jennifer D Slane, Michele D Levine, Sonya Borrero, Kristin M Mattocks, Amy D Ozier, Norman Silliker, Harini Bathulapalli, Cynthia Brandt, Sally G Haskell
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of research examining eating behaviors, such as binge eating, among male and female veterans. The present study evaluated the prevalence of self-reported eating problems as well as associations with body mass index and psychiatric disorders among male and female Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. METHODS: Participants were 298 male and 364 female veterans (M = 33.3 ± 10.6 years old) from the Women Veterans Cohort Study, a study of male and female veterans enrolled for Veterans Affairs care in New England or Indiana...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825940/binge-eating-behaviours-and-food-cravings-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
Y M Jeanes, S Reeves, E L Gibson, C Piggott, V A May, K H Hart
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine condition in women, is often anecdotally associated with binge eating behaviours and food cravings; however there is a paucity of research. This study aimed to report the prevalence of binge eating and food cravings and their relation to obesity risk in women with PCOS. Participants completed an online survey including the Bulimia Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, Food Cravings-Trait Questionnaire and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire revised-18. The study included obese (n = 340), overweight (n = 70) and lean (n = 45) women with PCOS and lean healthy women (n = 40)...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821369/exploring-the-mind-s-eye-contents-and-characteristics-of-mental-images-in-overweight-individuals-with-binge-eating-behaviour
#10
Rebecca Dugué, Silke Keller, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Gitta A Jacob
Mental images play a role in various mental disorders and are strongly associated with emotions. Negative emotions and their regulation are important in eating disorders. However, research on mental imagery in eating disorders is still scarce. We investigated mental images and their relation to distress and eating disorder psychopathology in individuals with binge eating behaviour. Content and characteristics of mental images and their relation to psychopathology of 21 individuals with binge eating behaviour, 19 mixed patient controls and 21 healthy controls have been assessed with a semi-structured interview...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790790/influence-of-parental-expressed-emotions-on-children-s-emotional-eating-via-children-s-negative-urgency
#11
Simone Munsch, Daniela Dremmel, Susanne Kurz, Jiske De Albuquerque, Andrea H Meyer, Anja Hilbert
We investigated whether parental expressed emotion (criticism and emotional overinvolvement) is related to children's emotional eating and whether this relationship is mediated by children's negative urgency. One hundred children, aged 8 to 13 years, either healthy or have binge-eating disorder and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, completed the questionnaires, along with their parents. Parental criticism and, to a lesser extent, parental emotional overinvolvement were both positively related to children's emotional eating, and this relationship was mediated by children's negative urgency...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775488/fluctuations-in-negative-emotions-predict-binge-eating-both-in-women-and-men-an-experience-sampling-study
#12
Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
This study investigated the associations between emotional fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties in predicting binge eating and overeating episodes using the experience sampling method among 97 women and 61 men. Among women, fluctuations in negative emotion, emotion regulation difficulties, restrained eating, and the interaction of negative emotion fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties predicted binge eating. Among men, trait impulsivity and fluctuations in negative emotion predicted binge eating...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773957/addiction-vulnerability-and-binge-eating-in-women-exploring-reward-sensitivity-affect-regulation-impulsivity-weight-shape-concerns
#13
Dawn M Eichen, Eunice Y Chen, Mark F Schmitz, Jean Arlt, Michael S McCloskey
Almost 40% of individuals with eating disorders have a comorbid addiction. The current study examined weight/shape concerns as a potential moderator of the relation between the hypothesized latent factor "addiction vulnerability" (i.e., impairments in reward sensitivity, affect regulation and impulsivity) and binge eating. Undergraduate women (n=272) with either high or low weight/shape concerns completed self-report measures examining reward sensitivity, emotion regulation, impulsivity and disordered (binge) eating...
October 2016: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757371/sunk-costs-psychological-symptomology-and-help-seeking
#14
David P Jarmolowicz, Warren K Bickel, Michael J Sofis, Laura E Hatz, E Terry Mueller
Individuals often allow prior investments of time, money or effort to influence their current behavior. A tendency to allow previous investments to impact further investment, referred to as the sunk-cost fallacy, may be related to adverse psychological health. Unfortunately, little is known about the relation between the sunk-cost fallacy and psychological symptoms or help seeking. The current study used a relatively novel approach (i.e., Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing [AMT] service) to examine various aspects of psychological health in internet users (n = 1053) that did and did not commit the sunk-cost fallacy...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757092/dietary-restraint-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-binge-eating-only-in-lean-individuals-the-importance-of-accounting-for-body-mass-in-studies-of-restraint
#15
Jaime A Coffino, Natalia C Orloff, Julia M Hormes
Binge eating is characteristic of eating and weight-related disorders such as binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and obesity. In light of data suggest impulsivity is associated with overeating specifically in restrained eaters, this study sought to elucidate the exact nature of the associations between these variables, hypothesizing that the relationship between impulsivity and binge eating is mediated by restrained eating. We further hypothesized that the role of dietary restraint as a mediator would be moderated by body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756640/reward-sensitivity-and-food-addiction-in-women
#16
Natalie J Loxton, Renée J Tipman
Sensitivity to the rewarding properties of appetitive substances has long been implicated in excessive consumption of palatable foods and drugs of abuse. Previous research focusing on individual differences in reward responsiveness has found heightened trait reward sensitivity to be associated with binge-eating, hazardous drinking, and illicit substance use. Food addiction has been proposed as an extreme form of compulsive-overeating and has been associated with genetic markers of heightened reward responsiveness...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753140/associations-of-adolescent-emotional-and-loss-of-control-eating-with-1-year-changes-in-disordered-eating-weight-and-adiposity
#17
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725806/eating-behaviors-in-cuban-adults-results-from-an-exploratory-transcultural-study
#18
Boris C Rodríguez-Martín, Marco Innamorati, Claudio Imperatori, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, Désirée Harnic, Luigi Janiri, Saira R Rivas-Suárez
This study aims to investigate eating behaviors in Cuban adults and compare them with those of a developed Western country, Italy. The study also aimed to determine the overall accuracy of a predictive model intended to define variables which could be used to discriminate between nationalities. Participants were 283 normal weight individuals from Cuba (n = 158) and Italy (n = 125). Italians had higher scores for restrained eating on the questionnaire than Cubans with a considerable effect size. This trend was also found for emotional eating and binge eating, as well as number of current dieters, despite the fact that effect sizes were small...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631564/emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-binge-eating-disorder-with-and-without-the-overvaluation-of-weight-and-shape
#19
Carmel Harrison, Deborah Mitchison, Elizabeth Rieger, Bryan Rodgers, Jonathan Mond
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between overvaluation of weight/shape ('overvaluation') and emotion regulation (ER) difficulties among women with binge eating disorder (BED) symptoms. Four groups of women were recruited from a community-based sample and compared on ER difficulties: individuals with probable BED with (n=102) and without (n=72) overvaluation, and non-binge eating obese (n=40) and healthy-weight (n=40) control participants. Data for patients with a formal diagnosis of BED receiving treatment from a previous study were included for numerical comparative purposes...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621631/characteristics-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-relation-to-diagnostic-criteria
#20
REVIEW
Denise E Wilfley, Leslie Citrome, Barry K Herman
The objective of this review was to examine the evidentiary basis for binge eating disorder (BED) with reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for BED. A PubMed search restricted to titles and abstracts of English-language reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, journal articles, and letters using human participants was conducted on August 7, 2015, using keywords that included "binge eating disorder," DSM-5, DSM-IV, guilt, shame, embarrassment, quantity, psychological, behavior, and "shape and weight concerns...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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