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Graduate transition

Eva Jangland, Pia Yngman Uhlin, Erebouni Arakelian
The position of Nurse Practitioner is a new role in Nordic countries. The transition from a registered nurse to the Nurse Practitioner role has been reported to be a personal challenge. This study, guided by the Nordic theoretical model for use in the education of advanced practice nurses, represents a unique opportunity to describe this transition for newly graduated Nurse Practitioners in an interprofessional surgical care team in Sweden. The aim was to explore how the first Nurse Practitioners in surgical care experienced the transition into a new role and what competences they used in the team...
October 15, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Cynthia N Fuhrmann
PhD-trained biomedical scientists are moving into an increasingly diverse variety of careers within the sciences. However, our graduate and postdoctoral training programs have historically focused on academic career preparation, and have not sufficiently prepared trainees for transitioning into other scientific careers. Advocates for science have raised the concern that our collective disregard of the broader career development needs for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees could drive talent away from science in upcoming generations...
October 20, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Virginia E M Zweigenthal, Emma Marquez, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Public health (PH) approaches underpin the management and transformation of health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the Master of Public Health (MPH) rarely being a prerequisite for health service employment in South Africa, many physicians pursue MPH qualifications. OBJECTIVES: This study identifies their motivations and career intentions and explored MPH programme strengths and gaps in under- and post-graduate PH training. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire was completed by physicians graduating with an MPH between 2000 and 2009 and those enrolled in the programme in 2010 at the University of Cape Town...
2016: Global Health Action
Anna Ehrenberg, Petter Gustavsson, Lars Wallin, Anne-Marie Boström, Ann Rudman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the developmental trajectories of registered nurses' capability beliefs during their first 3 years of practice. The focus was on three core competencies for health professionals-patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice. METHODS: A national cohort of registered nurses (n = 1,205) was recruited during their nursing education and subsequently surveyed yearly during the first 3 years of working life. The survey included 16 items on capability beliefs divided into three subscales for the assessment of patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice, and the data were analyzed with linear latent growth modeling...
October 14, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Anthony Tuckett, John L Oliffe
The aim of this research is to describe the experiences of Australian and New Zealand nursing and midwifery students looking for employment after graduation. This qualitative study draws from 2008, 2009 and 2010 responses provided by 197 recently graduated Australian and New Zealand nurses and midwives to, Describe your experiences gaining employment as a nurse or midwife after graduation. Two themes were inductively derived, Taking what you can get and I had a job lined up. Within the taking what you can get theme, respondents efforts to gain employment as a nurse or midwife after graduation were challenged by limited choices round the type of clinical practice available and/or job insecurity...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Geralyn Meyer, Bobbi Shatto, Timothy Delicath, Shelley von der Lancken
The effect of educational interventions on the transition experiences of new graduates of prelicensure programs is unclear. This study investigated the effect of curriculum revision on transition to practice of nursing graduates. The nursing curriculum can have a positive influence on professional and job satisfaction at 3 months postgraduation, but the practice environment becomes the dominant force after that. Graduates who demonstrated poorer transition to practice at 3 months were more likely to leave their first positions by 12 months...
October 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
Amie L Haas, Jennifer M Barthel, Stephanie Taylor
Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and multiple forms of risky sexual behavior, particularly among college-age individuals. Studies have also linked heavy alcohol use to other problems, such as impaired consciousness resulting from an alcohol-induced blackout, which may impact sexual decision making. However, research has rarely examined sexual risk taking (SRT) in relation to blackouts, nor has it examined this construct during the precollege transition (i.e., the interval of time between high school graduation and college matriculation)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Diane Chamberlain, Allison Williams, David Stanley, Peter Mellor, Wendy Cross, Lesley Siegloff
BACKGROUND: Nursing students will graduate into stressful workplace environments and resilience is an essential acquired ability for surviving the workplace. Few studies have explored the relationship between resilience and the degree of innate dispositional mindfulness, compassion, compassion fatigue and burnout in nursing students, including those who find themselves in the position of needing to work in addition to their academic responsibilities. AIM: This paper investigates the predictors of resilience, including dispositional mindfulness and employment status of third year nursing students from three Australian universities...
October 2016: Nurs Open
Shmuel Reis, Jacob Urkin, Rachel Nave, Rosalie Ber, Amitai Ziv, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Dafna Meitar, Peter Gilbey, Dror Mevorach
ABSTRACT: We reviewed the existing programs for basic medical education (BME) in Israel as well as their output, since they are in a phase of reassessment and transition. The transition has been informed, in part, by evaluation in 2014 by an International Review Committee (IRC). The review is followed by an analysis of its implications as well as the emergent roadmap for the future. The review documents a trend of modernizing, humanizing, and professionalizing Israeli medical education in general, and BME in particular, independently in each of the medical schools...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
P Gouda, K Kitt, D S Evans, D Goggin, D McGrath, J Last, M Hennessy, R Arnett, S O'Flynn, F Dunne, D O'Donovan
Upon completion of medical school in Ireland, graduates must make the transition to becoming interns. The transition into the intern year may be described as challenging as graduates assume clinical responsibilities. Historically, a survey of interns in 1996 found that 91% felt unprepared for their role. However, recent surveys in 2012 have demonstrated that this is changing with preparedness rates reaching 52%. This can be partially explained by multiple initiatives at the local and national level. Our study aimed evaluate medical student understanding of the intern year and associated factors...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Jean-Pascal Devailly, Laurence Josse
OBJECTIVE: In all countries, the boundaries are ambiguous between acute and post-acute as well as defining the dimensions of care. The aim of this study is to analyze relations between segmentation of care and payment systems. In the new prospective payment system implemented in French SSR, the grouping unit is inpatient stay and the week for day hospitalization. In 1991, the field of SSR mixed structures as diverse in their purposes as public or private hospital units of rehabilitation and "nursing homes"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nicole Shilkofski, Ryan Y Shields
CONTEXT: Minimal research has examined the recent exportation of medical curricula to international settings. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA partnered with Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and implemented the same curriculum currently used at Johns Hopkins University to teach medical students at Perdana University. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of first-year medical students at Perdana University, focusing on issues of cultural dissonance during adaptation to a US curriculum...
2016: Curēus
Michael A Carter, Dwayne Accardo, Thomas Cooper, Patricia Cowan, Wendy Likes, Donna Lynch-Smith, Laura Melaro
BACKGROUND: Many changes have occurred in DNP programs since they first began. University of Tennessee Health Science Center began the practice doctoral program in 1999 and today enrolls over 100 new baccalaureate nursing (BSN)-to-Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students each year. More than 500 DNPs have graduated to date. METHOD: A review of the history and challenges of this program are presented as a potential exemplar for other programs to consider. RESULTS: Several changes have taken place, including a shift from Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)-to-DNP programs to almost all BSN-to-DNP programs, a new appreciation for writing skills, and movement away from a separate DNP project...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Issa Mirmehdi, Cindy-Marie O'Neal, Davis Moon, Heather MacNew, Christopher Senkowski
PURPOSE: With the implementation of strict 80-hour work week in general surgery training, serious questions have been raised concerning the quality of surgical education and the ability of newly trained general surgeons to independently operate. Programs that were randomized to the interventional arm of the Flexibility In duty-hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial were able to decrease transitions and allow for better continuity by virtue of less constraints on duty-hour rules...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Deborah Salani, Laura Dean Albuja, Khitam Azaiza
This article will review an innovative on-line preimmersion course for a hybrid doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program and a traditional face-to-face doctor of philosophy nursing program. The doctoral candidates include both postbaccalaureate and postmaster's students. The authors of the preimmersion course developed and initiated the course in order to address various issues that have surfaced in discussions between students and faculty. Examples of common themes identified include writing skills, statistics, life-work-school balance, and navigating instructional technology...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Elizabeth Jillian Adams, Lucia Gillman
BACKGROUND: The catalyst to revise the graduate nurse program at an inner city hospital was a major service reconfiguration, which reduced services, staffing and graduate nurse positions. Parameters for the new program were that it was evidence-based and could function within the reduced resources. OBJECTIVE: Review current literature and design an evidence-based transition program. METHODS: Eight databases were searched for primary and secondary research and unpublished theses (2004-2014), which were then hand searched...
September 20, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ihab Zaki Elhakim, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada Soliman, Rania Elalaily
: Obiective: To describe the characteristics of nipple development during puberty in Italian females. In addition this is compared with Tanner criteria for breast and pubic hair development at different stages and correlated with body mass index (BMI) and the menstrual age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Italian children and adolescents consecutively assessed at the Endocrine and Adolescent Outpatient Clinic of Private Accredited Quisisana Hospital of Ferrara...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Christian Lambert, Henry Simon, Jordan Colman, Thomas R Barrick
The thalamus consists of multiple nuclei that have been previously defined by their chemoarchitectual and cytoarchitectual properties ex vivo. These form discrete, functionally specialized, territories with topographically arranged graduated patterns of connectivity. However, previous in vivo thalamic parcellation with MRI has been hindered by substantial inter-individual variability or discrepancies between MRI derived segmentations and histological sections. Here, we use the Euclidean distance to characterize probabilistic tractography distributions derived from diffusion MRI...
September 14, 2016: NeuroImage
Gloria Verret, Vicky Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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