keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

birth order

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823095/methanobrevibacter-smithii-a-methanogen-consistently-colonising-the-newborn-stomach
#1
G Grine, M A Boualam, M Drancourt
Methanobrevibacter smithii is the main human methanogen almost always found in the digestive tract of adults. Yet, the age at which M. smithii establishes itself as part of the developing intestinal microflora remains unknown. In order to gain insight into this, we developed a polyphasic approach, including microscopic observation by fluorescence in situ hybridisation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing detection, identification and culture, to isolate and genotype M. smithii in one-day-old newborns' gastric juice specimens...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823065/elevated-serum-estradiol-levels-in-artificial-autologous-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-negatively-impact-ongoing-pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates
#2
Rani Fritz, Sangita Jindal, Heather Feil, Erkan Buyuk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between serum estradiol (E2) levels during artificial autologous frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles and ongoing pregnancy/live birth rates (OP/LB). METHODS: A historical cohort study was conducted in an academic setting in order to correlate peak and average estradiol levels with ongoing pregnancy/live birth rates for all autologous artificial frozen embryo transfer cycles performed from 1/2011 to 12/2014...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822869/a-review-of-terrorism-and-its-reduction-of-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-after-seasonal-adjustment
#3
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, a ratio expressed as M/T (males:total births). The ratio exhibits seasonal variation. Furthermore, acute stressful events may result in a transient dip in male births due to excess foetal losses, reducing M/T. AIMS: This study was carried out in order to identify significant M/T dips after adjusting for seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Live births by gender and month were sought for acute stressful events...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819495/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-pregnant-women-in-osogbo-metropolis-southwest-nigeria
#4
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Oluwatosin Adediran Adeoye, Adeleye Abiodun Adeomi, Donatus Sabageh, Adebola Afolake Adejimi
INTRODUCTION: High maternal mortality is a major problem in Nigeria. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness will ensure that women can have professional delivery thus reducing obstetric complications. This study assessed the birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Osogbo metropolis, a south western community in Nigeria. METHODS: A community based descriptive cross sectional survey was used. A total of 180 women were selected using multistage sampling technique...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817652/metabolomics-reveals-an-entanglement-of-fasting-leptin-concentrations-with-fatty-acid-oxidation-and-gluconeogenesis-in-healthy-children
#5
Franca Fabiana Kirchberg, Stephanie Brandt, Anja Moß, Wolfgang Peissner, Wolfgang Koenig, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hermann Brenner, Berthold Koletzko, Christian Hellmuth, Martin Wabitsch
BACKGROUND: Leptin and adiponectin communicate with organ systems in order to regulate energetic and metabolic homeostasis. Their different points of action have been well characterized; however, no study has investigated their interrelationship with the metabolism at the molecular level in vivo. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of leptin and adiponectin with the metabolic profile reflecting the intercellular and interorgan communication as well as activated metabolic pathways...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#6
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812835/impact-of-health-research-systems-on-under-5-mortality-rate-a-trend-analysis
#7
Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Reza Majdzadeh, Sima Nikooee
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2015, under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) declined by 53%, from an estimated rate of 91 deaths per 1000 live births to 43, globally. The aim of this study was to determine the share of health research systems in this decrease alongside other influential factors. METHODS: We used random effect regression models including the 'random intercept' and 'random intercept and random slope' models to analyze the panel data from 1990 to 2010. We selected the countries with U5MRs falling between the first and third quartiles in 1990...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#8
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808022/genomic-evidence-reveals-a-radiation-of-placental-mammals-uninterrupted-by-the-kpg-boundary
#9
Liang Liu, Jin Zhang, Frank E Rheindt, Fumin Lei, Yanhua Qu, Yu Wang, Yu Zhang, Corwin Sullivan, Wenhui Nie, Jinhuan Wang, Fengtang Yang, Jinping Chen, Scott V Edwards, Jin Meng, Shaoyuan Wu
The timing of the diversification of placental mammals relative to the Cretaceous-Paleogene (KPg) boundary mass extinction remains highly controversial. In particular, there have been seemingly irreconcilable differences in the dating of the early placental radiation not only between fossil-based and molecular datasets but also among molecular datasets. To help resolve this discrepancy, we performed genome-scale analyses using 4,388 loci from 90 taxa, including representatives of all extant placental orders and transcriptome data from flying lemurs (Dermoptera) and pangolins (Pholidota)...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#10
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803576/age-at-castration-surgical-or-immunological-impacts-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-male-pigs
#11
L Huber, E J Squires, I B Mandell, C F M de Lange
In order to accurately estimate body composition at slaughter and to meet specific market targets, the influence of age at time of castration (surgical or immunological) on body composition and boar taint indicators must be determined for male pigs. In all, 48 males were randomly assigned to one of four management regimens: (1) entire male pigs (EM), (2) EM surgically castrated at ~40 kg BW and 10 weeks of age (late castrates; LC), (3) conventional, early surgical castrates (within 4 days of birth; EC) and (4) EM immunized with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog (primary dose at 30 kg BW and 8 weeks of age; booster dose at 70 kg and 14 weeks of age; IM)...
August 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802892/the-spatial-dynamics-of-ecosystem-engineers
#12
Caroline Franco, José F Fontanari
The changes on abiotic features of ecosystems have rarely been taken into account by population dynamics models, which typically focus on trophic and competitive interactions between species. However, understanding the population dynamics of organisms that must modify their habitats in order to survive, the so-called ecosystem engineers, requires the explicit incorporation of abiotic interactions in the models. Here we study a model of ecosystem engineers that is discrete both in space and time, and where the engineers and their habitats are arranged in patches fixed to the sites of regular lattices...
August 9, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802210/the-adoption-of-children-from-out-of-home-care-the-understandings-of-key-decision-makers-in-victoria-australia
#13
Anna Butlinski, Heather Rowe, Christopher Goddard, Nicholas Freezer
Adoption is one of a range of options that can provide children in out-of-home care with permanency when they are unable to be reunified with their birth parents. This paper reports on how the adoption of children from out-of-home care is understood by professionals involved in making decisions about the permanent placement of children in out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia, where adoption is rarely used. Data were collected through a single, face-to-face semi-structured interview with 21 professionals; eight child welfare specialists, eight adoption and permanent care specialists and five judicial officers...
August 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794575/caregiver-decision-making-household-response-to-child-illness-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
Hayley Pierce, Ashley Larsen Gibby, Renata Forste
We draw upon a framework outlining household recognition and response to child illness proposed by Colvin and colleagues (2013) to examine factors predictive of treatment sought for a recent child illness. In particular, we model whether no treatment, middle layer treatment (traditional healer, pharmacy, community health worker, etc.), or biomedical treatment was sought for recent episodes of diarrhea, fever, or cough. Based on multinomial, multilevel analyses of Demographic and Health Surveys from 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we determine that if women have no say in their own healthcare, they are unlikely to seek treatment in response to child illness...
October 2016: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792988/-validity-of-information-on-birth-weight-for-studies-based-on-fetal-programming
#15
Gisele Almeida de Noronha, Pauline Lorena Kale, Tania Zdenka Guillén de Torres, Antonio Jose Leal Costa, Maria de Lourdes Tavares Cavalcanti, Moyses Szklo
Birth weight is essential information in fetal programming studies and is generally obtained retrospectively. In Brazil's Information System on Live Births (SINASC), birth weight is valid information but is not always accessible. The study aimed to establish an algorithm for the selection of the most reliable data source for birth weight in the absence of information in the SINASC database. In a cross-sectional study of 6-14-year-old schoolchildren in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, in 2010, birth weight was collected through a self-completed questionnaire, interview, medical records from the Family Physician Program, and the SINASC database...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789827/women-s-and-men-s-negative-experience-of-child-birth-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Astrid Nystedt, Ingegerd Hildingsson
BACKGROUND: A negative birth experience may influence both women and men and can limit their process of becoming a parent. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze and describe women's and men's perceptions and experiences of childbirth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of women and their partners living in one Swedish county were recruited in mid pregnancy and followed up two months after birth. Women (n=928) and men (n=818) completed the same questionnaire that investigated new parents' birth experiences in relation to socio-demographic background and birth related variables...
August 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#17
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780911/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-physical-performance-in-later-life-in-different-birth-weight-groups
#18
H Jantunen, N S Wasenius, M K Salonen, M-M Perälä, H Kautiainen, M Simonen, P Pohjolainen, E Kajantie, M B von Bonsdorff, J G Eriksson
There is strong evidence that physical activity (PA) has an influence on physical performance in later life. Also, a small body size at birth has been associated with lower physical functioning in older age and both small and high birth weight have shown to be associated with lower leisure time physical activity. However, it is unknown whether size at birth modulates the association between PA and physical performance in old age. We examined 695 individuals from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study born in Helsinki, Finland between 1934 and 1944...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780665/sum-scores-in-twin-growth-curve-models-practicality-versus-bias
#19
Justin M Luningham, Daniel B McArtor, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma, Gitta H Lubke
To study behavioral or psychiatric phenotypes, multiple indices of the behavior or disorder are often collected that are thought to best reflect the phenotype. Combining these items into a single score (e.g. a sum score) is a simple and practical approach for modeling such data, but this simplicity can come at a cost in longitudinal studies, where the relevance of individual items often changes as a function of age. Such changes violate the assumptions of longitudinal measurement invariance (MI), and this violation has the potential to obfuscate the interpretation of the results of latent growth models fit to sum scores...
August 5, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778109/reference-ranges-for-ultrasonographic-measurements-of-the-uterine-cervix-in-low-risk-pregnant-women
#20
Kleber Cursino Andrade, Thaísa Guedes Bortoletto, Cristiane Martins Almeida, Renan Antonio Daniel, Heloísa Avo, Rodolfo Carvalho Pacagnella, José Guilherme Cecatti
Objective To define transvaginal ultrasound reference ranges for uterine cervix measurements according to gestational age (GA) in low-risk pregnancies. Methods Cohort of low-risk pregnant women undergoing transvaginal ultrasound exams every 4 weeks, comprising measurements of the cervical length and volume, the transverse and anteroposterior diameters of the cervix, and distance from the entrance of the uterine artery into the cervix until the internal os. The inter- and intraobserver variabilities were assessed with the linear correlation coefficient and the Student t-test...
August 4, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
keyword
keyword
54069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"