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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456580/the-accuracy-of-ultrasound-estimation-of-fetal-weight-in-comparison-to-birth-weight-a-systematic-review
#1
Julia Milner, Jane Arezina
Ultrasound estimation of fetal weight is a highly influential factor in antenatal management, guiding both the timing and mode of delivery of a pregnancy. Although substantial research has investigated the most accurate ultrasound formula for calculating estimated fetal weight, current evidence indicates significant error levels. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most accurate method, whilst identifying sources of inaccuracy in order to facilitate recommendations for future practice. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and 11 different formulae were assessed; ultrasound calculation of fetal weight was most commonly overestimated...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455170/comparison-and-validation-of-screening-tools-for-substance-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-maryland-prenatal-clinics
#2
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Emmanuel A Oga, Erica N Peters, Kathleen Trocin, Bartosz Koszowski, Katrina Mark
INTRODUCTION: Prescription-drug use in the USA has increased by more than 60% in the last three decades. Prevalence of prescription-drug use among pregnant women is currently estimated around 50%. Prevalence of illicit drug use in the USA is 14.6% among pregnant adolescents, 8.6% among pregnant young adults and 3.2% among pregnant adults. The first step in identifying problematic drug use during pregnancy is screening; however, no specific substance-use screener has been universally recommended for use with pregnant women to identify illicit or prescription-drug use...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453023/implications-of-altered-maternal-cytokine-concentrations-on-infant-outcomes-in-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#3
K D Sowell, J Y Uriu-Adams, J Van de Water, C D Chambers, C D Coles, J A Kable, L Yevtushok, N Zymak-Zakutnya, W Wertelecki, C L Keen
Excessive alcohol consumption has been shown to increase serum plasma levels of numerous immune cytokines. Maternal immune activation and elevated cytokines have been implicated in certain neurological disorders (e.g., autism and schizophrenia) in the offspring. We investigated the hypothesis that elevated cytokines during pregnancy are a risk factor in women who gave birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) or a child with neurobehavioral impairment, regardless of prenatal alcohol exposure...
August 12, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451633/-inequity-in-maternal-mortality-in-mexico-analyzing-inequality-on-a-sub-state-regional-scale
#4
Julio Pisanty-Alatorre
OBJECTIVE: To estimate maternal mortality ratios (MMR) for the different sub-state regions in Mexico in order to identify those with highest maternal mortality, as well as the degree of inter-regional inequality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal mortality and registered live births data was taken from publicly available official data for the years 2005 to 2014. We regionalized the states based on political-administrative divisions within them and calculated MMR for these regions, and calculated Gini coefficients...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447147/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2015
#5
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Sheree L Boulet, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Although the majority of infants conceived through ART are singletons, women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444701/a-case-series-on-common-cold-to-severe-bronchiolitis-and-pneumonia-in-children-following-human-metapneumovirus-infection-in-sri-lanka
#6
J A A S Jayaweera, F Noordeen, S Kothalaweala, F N N Pitchai, M L M Rayes
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hMPV infections in Sri Lanka has not been reported and here we report a case series of hMPV infection in children less than 5 years. Patients with ARTI were included from Teaching Hospital, Anuradhapura from March 2013 to August 2014. Indirect fluorescence assay was performed on nasopharyngeal aspirates for the identification of respiratory viruses [respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus 1, 2 and 3, influenza A and B and hMPV]. Moreover, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was done to further confirm the hMPV infection...
February 14, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444092/the-impact-of-early-life-nutrition-and-housing-on-growth-and-reproduction-in-dairy-cattle
#7
G Curtis, C McGregor Argo, D Jones, D Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding practices and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm, to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on growth and reproduction. Heifer calves (n = 100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used management strategies. All calves received 3-4 litres of dam specific colostrum within 6 hours of birth. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed milk replacer (MR) ad libitum via a computerised machine utilising a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443032/kinetic-analysis-of-vasculogenesis-quantifies-dynamics-of-vasculogenesis-and-angiogenesis-in-vitro
#8
Kaela M Varberg, Seth Winfree, Kenneth W Dunn, Laura S Haneline
Vasculogenesis is a complex process by which endothelial stem and progenitor cells undergo de novo vessel formation. Quantitative assessment of vasculogenesis has become a central readout of endothelial progenitor cell functionality, and therefore, several attempts have been made to improve both in vitro and in vivo vasculogenesis models. However, standard methods are limited in scope, with static measurements failing to capture many aspects of this highly dynamic process. Therefore, the goal of developing this novel protocol was to assess the kinetics of in vitro vasculogenesis in order to quantitate rates of network formation and stabilization, as well as provide insight into potential mechanisms underlying vascular dysfunction...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438909/correlation-of-sex-ratio-at-birth-with-health-and-socioeconomic-indicators
#9
Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: The sex ratio at birth (male divided by total live births: M/T) has been mooted as a potential sentinel health indicator. Several metrics indicate individual countries' health and socioeconomic status. In this study, in all available countries (where such data was accessible), M/T and these indicators were compared in order to ascertain whether better (vis-à-vis health and socioeconomic status) levels of these indicators were associated with higher M/T in available countries...
February 10, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438439/mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-brazil-data-from-the-birth-in-brazil-study-a-national-hospital-based-study
#10
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Valeria Saraceni, Maria do Carmo Leal
AIMS: to estimate the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV among infected pregnant women identified in the "Birth in Brazil" study and to evaluate care practices provided in order to identify missed opportunities at preventing the MTCT of HIV infection in the country. METHODS: Descriptive study using data obtained from the consultation of different databases: the "Birth in Brazil" study database and the Brazilian National Information Systems (NIS) databases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436795/assessing-the-phenylketonuria-screening-program-in-newborns-iran-2015-2016
#11
Foruzan Ganji, Hooshang Naseri, Noushin Rostampour, Mozhde Sedighi, Masoud Lotfizadeh
Phenylketonuria is one of the most important congenital disorders and an autosomal recessive metabolic disease that can cause irreversible brain damages, mental retardation, and cognitive disorders if left untreated. In order to reduce the genetic abnormalities caused by this metabolic disease, screening programs are implemented. The quality of the program must be properly assessed to achieve the objectives of this program if promoting children's health is of concern. The descriptive-analytic method is adopted here to assess the phenylketonuria screening program in practice in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province since 2012 and analyze the incidence and program coverage...
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433137/-the-invisibles-project-meeting-and-collaboration-of-public-health-and-volunteering-the-influenza-vaccination-experience-to-promote-the-health-of-the-socially-vulnerable-and-economically-disadvantaged-population
#12
Loris Pagano, Caterina Pizzutelli, Maria Maddalena Matarazzo, Gaia Monteleone, Damiano Pizzuti
Migration and the current European socioeconomic conditions necessitate an evaluation/assessment, as detailed as possible, of the spread of seasonal infectious diseases in order to reduce inequalities in the healthcare system. The "Scuola di Formazione in Medicina Generale" of Lazio, in collaboration with the Community of Sant'Egidio of Rome, organized an influenza/flu vaccination campaign for homeless people, migrants and the poor in order to check their health conditions and prevent the spread of the most common infectious diseases...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432412/hub-connectivity-neuronal-diversity-and-gene-expression-in-the-caenorhabditis-elegans-connectome
#13
Aurina Arnatkevic Iūtė, Ben D Fulcher, Roger Pocock, Alex Fornito
Studies of nervous system connectivity, in a wide variety of species and at different scales of resolution, have identified several highly conserved motifs of network organization. One such motif is a heterogeneous distribution of connectivity across neural elements, such that some elements act as highly connected and functionally important network hubs. These brain network hubs are also densely interconnected, forming a so-called rich club. Recent work in mouse has identified a distinctive transcriptional signature of neural hubs, characterized by tightly coupled expression of oxidative metabolism genes, with similar genes characterizing macroscale inter-modular hub regions of the human cortex...
February 12, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430071/trajectories-of-problem-behaviors-from-4-to-23-years-in-former-preterm-infants
#14
Allie Scott, Suzy Barcelos Winchester, Mary C Sullivan
Premature infants have significant risk for later behavior problems. This study examined growth trajectories of three problem behaviors across five developmental age points from preschool to early adulthood in a well-characterized sample of premature infants. The effects of neonatal risk, gender, and socioeconomic context were modeled on these trajectories. The longitudinal sample was comprised of preterm infants (N = 160) with full variation of neonatal morbidity and birth weight (640-1950 grams). Trajectories of externalizing, internalizing and attention problem behaviors from 4 to 23 years, measured by the Child Behavior Checklist, were tested using latent growth curve modeling...
March 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429542/does-planning-of-births-affect-childhood-undernutrition-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-of-selected-south-asian-countries
#15
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of child undernutrition in South Asia is high, as is also the unmet need for family planning. In previous literature, the biodemographic relationship of family planning, particularly birth order and birth spacing, and nutritional status of children have been assessed separately. The aim of this study was to work on the hypothesis that the planning of births comprising timing, spacing, and number of births improves child undernutrition, especially in the areas with high prevalence of stunting and underweight...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429132/sustainability-of-a-community-based-choice-program-to-improve-the-health-and-nutrition-status-of-mothers-and-infants-in-indonesia
#16
Clara Eder, Lila Kumar Khatiwada, Janine Schooley
Objectives Few studies have been undertaken to determine whether and how project results are sustained. University of Notre Dame (ND) and Project Concern International conducted a Post-Project Sustainability Study (PSS) of a USAID-funded program (CHOICE), implemented in Indonesia, Banten province, between 2003 and 2007, in order to determine lasting effects and improve PSS methodologies. Methods Sustainability was measured through a comparison of data collected on mother-infant pairs in 2014 with final evaluation data from 2007; and through a comparison of 2014 data collected from the CHOICE villages and comparison villages...
February 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428752/effects-of-difructose-anhydride-iii-on-serum-immunoglobulin-g-concentration-and-health-status-of-newborn-holstein-calves-during-the-preweaning-period
#17
A Htun, T Sato, N Fukuma, M Hanada
This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of increases in passively acquired immunoglobulin G (IgG) by difructose anhydride (DFA) III supplementation on subsequent serum IgG concentration and health status in calves during the preweaning period. Thirty newborn female Holstein calves were paired by birth order, and 2 calves in each pair were fed 2 L of the same batch of colostrum within 2 h and at 10 h after birth, and followed by 2 L of the same batch of pooled colostrum at 20 h after birth. One calf from each pair was assigned to the control (n = 15) or treatment (n = 15) group...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428314/gestational-carrier-in-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
Gayathree Murugappan, Leslie V Farland, Stacey A Missmer, Katharine F Correia, Raymond M Anchan, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with the use of gestational carriers (GCs) with non-GC IVF cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles performed with (24,269) and without (1,313,452) the use of a GC. SETTING: ART centers. PATIENT(S): Infertile patients seeking IVF with or without use of a GC. INTERVENTIONS(S): Autologous and donor oocyte cycles, fresh and cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles...
February 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425911/antenatal-and-neonatal-antecedents-of-learning-limitations-in-10-year-old-children-born-extremely-preterm
#19
Alan Leviton, Robert M Joseph, Elizabeth N Allred, T Michael O'Shea, Karl K C Kuban
BACKGROUND: Children born extremely preterm are at increased risk of learning limitations. AIM: To identify the antecedents of learning limitations of children born extremely preterm. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study from birth to age 10 years. Variables entered into the multinomial logistic regression analyses were ordered temporally, with the earliest occurring predictors/covariates of each learning limitation risk entered first and not displaced by later occurring covariates...
February 6, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425167/-i-was-relieved-to-know-that-my-baby-was-safe-women-s-attitudes-and-perceptions-on-using-a-new-electronic-fetal-heart-rate-monitor-during-labor-in-tanzania
#20
Sara Rivenes Lafontan, Johanne Sundby, Hege L Ersdal, Muzdalifat Abeid, Hussein L Kidanto, Columba K Mbekenga
To increase labor monitoring and prevent neonatal morbidity and mortality, a new wireless, strap-on electronic fetal heart rate monitor called Moyo was introduced in Tanzania in 2016. As part of the ongoing evaluation of the introduction of the monitor, the aim of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions of women who had worn the monitor continuously during their most recent delivery and perceptions about how it affected care. This knowledge is important to identify barriers towards adaptation in order to introduce new technology more effectively...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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