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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027730/psychological-distress-in-post-partum-women-after-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-nipt-in-japan
#1
Eri Takeda, Nobuhiro Suzumori, Takeshi Ebara, Junko Yotsumoto, Kyoko Kumagai, Kumiko Oseto, Hironao Numabe, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of psychological mental distress in post-partum women after non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in Japan. METHODS: Psychological mental distress was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). We compared patients with (i) low pre-NIPT K6 and low post-partum K6 scores (control group), and (ii) low pre-NIPT K6 and a high post-partum K6 scores (case group). RESULTS: Among the 697 women who underwent NIPT, 29 (4...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023484/does-density-dependent-diversification-mirror-ecological-competitive-exclusion
#2
Melanie J Monroe, Folmer Bokma
Density-dependence is a term used in ecology to describe processes such as birth and death rates that are regulated by the number of individuals in a population. Evolutionary biologists have borrowed the term to describe decreasing rates of species accumulation, suggesting that speciation and extinction rates depend on the total number of species in a clade. If this analogy with ecological density-dependence holds, diversification of clades is restricted because species compete for limited resources. We hypothesize that such competition should not only affect numbers of species, but also prevent species from being phenotypically similar...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023144/birth-cohort-differences-in-sexual-identity-development-milestones-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#3
Christian Grov, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
The coming-out process for gay and bisexual men (GBM) involves crossing sexual identity development (SID) milestones: (1) self-awareness of sexual attraction to the same sex, (2) self-acceptance of an identity as gay or bisexual, (3) disclosure of this sexual identity to others, and (4) having sex with someone of the same sex. We examined trends in SID milestones by birth cohort in a 2015 U.S. national sample of GBM (n = 1,023). Birth cohort was independent of when men first felt sexually attracted to someone of the same sex (median age 11 to 12)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019974/the-state-of-the-art-in-stem-cell-biology-regenerative-medicine-the-end-of-the-beginning
#4
REVIEW
Evan Y Snyder
With translational stem cell biology and Regenerative Medicine (the field to which it gave rise) now over a quarter century old, it is time to take stock of where we have been and where we are going. This editorial overview, which serves an introduction to a special issue of Pediatric Research dedicated to these fields, reinforces the notion that stem cells are ultimately intrinsic parts of developmental biology, for which Pediatrics represents the clinical face. While stem cells represent the cellular basis for a great deal of unrecognized plasticity programmed into the developing and post-developmental human, and while there is great promise in harnessing this plasticity for therapeutic advantage, their successful use rests on a deep understanding of their developmental imperatives and the developmental programs in which they engage...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018583/effects-of-nutrition-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-low-birth-weight-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#5
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Erika Ota, Prakash Shakya, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Olukunmi Omobolanle Balogun, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Luz Maria De-Regil, Rintaro Mori
INTRODUCTION: Low birth weight (LBW, birth weight less than 2500 g) is associated with infant mortality and childhood morbidity. Poor maternal nutritional status is one of several contributing factors to LBW. We systematically reviewed the evidence for nutrition-specific (addressing the immediate determinants of nutrition) and nutrition-sensitive (addressing the underlying cause of undernutrition) interventions to reduce the risk of LBW and/or its components: preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018534/factors-related-to-work-and-life-satisfaction-of-veterinary-practitioners-in-germany
#6
Johanna C Kersebohm, Timo Lorenz, Anne Becher, Marcus G Doherr
OBJECTIVES: Veterinary practitioners' working situation is both challenging and changing. They have higher levels of work-related stress and suicide risk than the general population. The proportion of women is increasing, and in Germany especially women and employed veterinarians are reported to be less satisfied than comparable subgroups of the general population. In this study we identified key factors associated with work and life satisfaction among veterinary practitioners in Germany...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994345/modelling-period-fertility-schooling-and-intervals-following-a-birth-in-eastern-africa
#7
Catriona A Towriss, Ian M Timæus
We describe a regression-based approach to the modelling of age-, order-, and duration-specific period fertility, using retrospective survey data. The approach produces results that are free of selection biases and can be used to study differential fertility. It is applied to Demographic and Health Survey data for Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe to investigate differential trends in fertility by education. Parity progression fell and the intervals following each birth lengthened between the 1970s and 2000s in all four countries...
October 10, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993395/single-centre-retrospective-analysis-of-growth-hormone-supplementation-in-ivf-patients-classified-as-poor-prognosis
#8
Kevin N Keane, John L Yovich, Anahita Hamidi, Peter M Hinchliffe, Satvinder S Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) receive various adjuvant therapies in order to enhance success rates, but the true benefit is actively debated. Growth hormone (GH) supplementation was assessed in poor-prognosis women undergoing fresh IVF transfer cycles. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analysed from 400 IVF cycles, where 161 women received GH and 239 did not. RESULTS: Clinical pregnancy, live birth rates and corresponding ORs and CIs were significantly greater with GH, despite patients being significantly older with lower ovarian reserve...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992553/validity-of-instruments-for-measuring-the-satisfaction-of-a-woman-and-her-partner-with-care-received-during-labour-and-childbirth-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ruben Alfaro Blazquez, Silvia Corchon, Esperanza Ferrer Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: patient satisfaction as an indicator of quality of care is becoming more and more important. The use of questionnaires is the most common method to evaluate satisfaction with maternity care. Despite the extensive variety of instruments available for this purpose, they vary widely in terms of their content and quality. OBJECTIVES: to identify, assess and summarize the most recent and robust instruments available to measure woman and partner satisfaction with the overall package of care during the labour and birth of their baby within a hospital setting...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#10
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988283/determinants-of-child-attachment-in-the-years-postpartum-in-a-high-risk-sample-of-immigrant-women
#11
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977472/modest-improvements-in-skilled-birth-attendants-at-delivery-with-increased-mutuelles-coverage-in-rwanda
#12
Angela Y Chang, Yunfei Li, Osondu Ogbuoji
Background: We revisit the question of the role health insurance coverage played in increasing use of skilled birth attendants (SBA) at delivery in Rwanda. Previous studies have suggested that enrollment in Mutuelles health insurance increased the odds of using an SBA by up to 163%. Methods: We take advantage of latest Rwanda Demographic Health Survey (NISR M, Macro O. Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey 2010. National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda and Ministry of Health, 2012...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977334/clinical-features-and-pattern-of-fractures-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-children
#13
Evelise Brizola, Marina Bauer Zambrano, Bruna de Souza Pinheiro, Ana Paula Vanz, Têmis Maria Félix
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the fracture pattern and the clinical history at the time of diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, of both genders, aged 0-18 years, who were treated between 2002 and 2014 were included. Medical records were assessed to collect clinical data, including the presence of blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, positive familial history of osteogenesis imperfecta, and the site of the fractures...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977304/children-with-multiple-congenital-defects-what-are-the-limits-between-therapeutic-obstinacy-and-the-treatment-of-uncertain-benefit
#14
Patricia Souza Valle Cardoso Pastura, Marcelo Gerardin Poirot Land
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic approach of children with multiple malformations poses many dilemmas, making it difficult to build a line between the treatment of uncertain benefit and therapeutic obstinacy. The aim of this paper was to highlight possible sources of uncertainty in the decision-making process, for this group of children. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 11-month-old boy, born with multiple birth defects and abandoned by his parents, has never been discharged home. He has complex congenital heart disease, main left bronchus stenosis and imperforate anus...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975496/fractional-calculus-in-pharmacokinetics
#15
Pantelis Sopasakis, Haralambos Sarimveis, Panos Macheras, Aristides Dokoumetzidis
We are witnessing the birth of a new variety of pharmacokinetics where non-integer-order differential equations are employed to study the time course of drugs in the body: this is dubbed "fractional pharmacokinetics". The presence of fractional kinetics has important clinical implications such as the lack of a half-life, observed, for example with the drug amiodarone and the associated irregular accumulation patterns following constant and multiple-dose administration. Building models that accurately reflect this behaviour is essential for the design of less toxic and more effective drug administration protocols and devices...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971279/reasons-for-caution-about-the-fraternal-birth-order-effect
#16
Brendan P Zietsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969546/igf-1-as-a-drug-for-preterm-infants-a-step-wise-clinical-development
#17
Ann Hellstrom, David Ley, Boubou Hallberg, Chatarina Lofqvist, Ingrid Hansen-Pupp, Luca A Ramenghi, Jan Borg, Lois E H Smith, Anna-Lena Hard
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a mitogenic hormone involved in many processes such as growth, metabolism, angiogenesis and differentiation. After very preterm birth, energy demands increase while maternal supplies of nutrients and other factors are lost and the infant may become dependent on parenteral nutrition for weeks. Low postnatal IGF-1 concentrations in preterm infants are associated with poor weight gain, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other morbidities...
October 2, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969212/postpartum-depression-in-women-a-risk-factor-analysis
#18
Farheen Zaidi, Aruna Nigam, Ruby Anjum, Rashmi Agarwalla
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a known entity affecting not only the women but the whole family. It affects women more harshly and chronically due to their increased stress sensitivity, maladaptive coping strategies and multiple social roles in the community. AIM: To estimate the commonly associated risk factors of PPD among the women coming to a tertiary hospital in New Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a longitudinal study conducted at the antenatal clinic for a period of one year...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967347/birth-order-stage-of-infancy-and-infant-mortality-in-india
#19
S K Mishra, Bali Ram, Abhishek Singh, Awdhesh Yadav
Using data from India's National Family Health Survey, 2005-06 (NFHS-3), this article examines the patterns of relationship between birth order and infant mortality. The analysis controls for a number of variables, including mother's characteristics such as age at the time of survey, current place of residence (urban/rural), years of schooling, religion, caste, and child's sex and birth weight. A modest J-shaped relationship between birth order of children and their risk of dying in the neonatal period is found, suggesting that although both first- and last-born children are at a significantly greater risk of dying compared with those in the middle, last-borns (i...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966128/pattern-of-prenatal-care-utilization-in-tehran-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#20
Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Mohsen Abbasi-Kangevari, Morteza Abdollahi, Farnaz Ehdaeivand, Shahnam Arshi
AIM: To assess the pattern of prenatal care utilization in Tehran in 2015. METHODS: A total of 2005 pregnant women who lived in the catchment area of the study participated. Participants were followed from the sixth week of pregnancy until birth. Data were collected either through interviews or from written medical records. FINDINGS: More than 95% of mothers completed all eight prenatal care visits. Some 99% of mothers completed at least four visits...
September 28, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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