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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#1
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719777/sex-ratio-at-birth-in-vietnam-results-from-data-in-chililab-hdss-2004-to-2013
#2
Vui Thi Le, Duc Minh Duong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui, Cuong Viet Pham, Thi Minh Le, Bich Huu Tran
This study aimed to explore the association of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and imbalanced sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong. The data were collected from a longitudinal study using a community-based periodic, referred as Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB HDSS) during 2004 to 2013. A total of 7568 children were analyzed. Results showed that SRB in Chi Linh dramatically increased to the imbalanced sex ratio (114.6 boys to 100 girls) by 2013...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#3
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716198/herd-specific-interventions-to-reduce-antimicrobial-usage-in-pig-production-without-jeopardising-technical-and-economic-performance
#4
L Collineau, C Rojo-Gimeno, A Léger, A Backhans, S Loesken, E Okholm Nielsen, M Postma, U Emanuelson, E Grosse Beilage, M Sjölund, E Wauters, K D C Stärk, J Dewulf, C Belloc, S Krebs
Pig farmers are strongly encouraged to reduce their antimicrobial usage in order to reduce the risk of antimicrobial resistance. Herd-level intervention is needed to achieve national and European reduction targets. Alternative, especially preventive measures, have to be implemented to reduce the need for antimicrobial treatments. However, little is known about the feasibility, effectiveness and return on investment of such measures. The objective of this study was to assess, across four countries, the technical and economic impact of herd-specific interventions aiming at reducing antimicrobial usage in pig production while implementing alternative measures...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715482/impact-of-maternal-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-neonatal-outcomes-among-healthy-middle-eastern-females
#5
Tatiana Papazian, Georges Abi Tayeh, Darine Sibai, Hala Hout, Imad Melki, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relative impact of body mass index in women in childbearing age and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes are scarce in the Middle East. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this research was to assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal outcomes. The effect of maternal age and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy was also examined. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross sectional observational study of 1000 full term deliveries of women enrolled thru the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network, in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714195/research-review-the-role-of-obstetric-and-neonatal-complications-in-childhood-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
Marta Serati, Jennifer L Barkin, Giulia Orsenigo, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Massimiliano Buoli
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterized by an inability to sustain attention, activity levels and impulse control, and, according to the latest studies, the prevalence is about 8% and in some countries less than 1%. Currently, it is well-known that complications during the perinatal period have significant implications on child's physical and mental health. Purpose of the present paper is to review the literature about the association between perinatal complications and future risk of an ADHD diagnosis...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712530/regulation-of-unregistered-birth-workers-in-australia-homebirth-and-public-safety
#7
Rebekah McWhirter
BACKGROUND: Australian midwives are regulated under the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme. Unregistered birth workers may provide midwifery services at homebirths without any regulatory oversight. To address this issue, several states have passed legislation enabling prohibition orders to be made (negative licensing) against unregistered health practitioners who fail to comply with a statutory code of conduct developed for those not covered by the National Scheme. AIM: To explore the consequences for the availability of birth choices for women that arise from the introduction of negative licensing...
July 13, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712376/grape-pomace-improves-performance-antioxidant-status-fecal-microbiota-and-meat-quality-of-piglets
#8
I Kafantaris, D Stagos, B Kotsampasi, A Hatzis, A Kypriotakis, K Gerasopoulos, S Makri, N Goutzourelas, C Mitsagga, I Giavasis, K Petrotos, S Kokkas, P Goulas, V Christodoulou, D Kouretas
In the present study, grape pomace (GP) was used as feed additive in the diet of weaned piglets in order to develop innovative feedstuffs and to investigate their potential beneficial effects on welfare, productivity and meat quality. For examining the antioxidant capacity of the experimental feeds, 24 piglets of 20 days old were assigned to two experimental groups receiving standard or experimental diet for 30 days. Blood and tissues collections were performed at four different time-points, 2, 20, 35 and 50 days post birth...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711408/biochemical-characteristics-of-newborns-with-carnitine-transporter-defect-identified-by-newborn-screening-in-california
#9
N M Gallant, K Leydiker, Y Wilnai, C Lee, F Lorey, L Feuchtbaum, H Tang, J Carter, G M Enns, S Packman, H J Lin, W R Wilcox, S D Cederbaum, J E Abdenur
Carnitine transporter defect (CTD; also known as systemic primary carnitine deficiency; MIM 212140) is due to mutations in the SLC22A5 gene and leads to extremely low carnitine levels in blood and tissues. Affected individuals may develop early onset cardiomyopathy, weakness, or encephalopathy, which may be serious or even fatal. The disorder can be suggested by newborn screening. However, markedly low newborn carnitine levels can also be caused by conditions unrelated to CTD, such as the low carnitine levels often associated with normal pregnancies and some metabolic disorders occurring in the mother...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708853/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-venlafaxine-in-pregnancy-changes-in-drug-disposition
#10
Andreas Austgulen Westin, Malin Brekke, Espen Molden, Eirik Skogvoll, Olav Spigset
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy may cause changes in drug disposition. The clinical consequences may be profound and even counterintuitive; in some cases pregnant women may need more than twice their usual drug dose in order to maintain therapeutic drug levels. For antidepressants, evidence on drug disposition in pregnancy is scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy on serum levels of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and venlafaxine in a large and naturalistic patient material, in order to provide tentative dose recommendations for pregnant women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707001/abdominal-symptoms-in-general-practice-frequency-cancer-suspicions-raised-and-actions-taken-by-gps-in-six-european-countries-cohort-study-with-prospective-registration-of-cancer
#11
Knut Holtedahl, Peter Vedsted, Lars Borgquist, Gé A Donker, Frank Buntinx, David Weller, Tonje Braaten, Peter Hjertholm, Jörgen Månsson, Eva Lena Strandberg, Christine Campbell, Lisbeth Ellegaard, Ranjan Parajuli
BACKGROUND: Abdominal symptoms are diagnostically challenging to general practitioners (GPs): although common, they may indicate cancer. In a prospective cohort of patients, we examined abdominal symptom frequency, initial diagnostic suspicion, and actions of GPs in response to abdominal symptoms. METHODS: Over a 10-day period, 493 GPs in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Scotland, recorded consecutive consultations: sex, date of birth and any specified abdominal symptoms...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706381/concurrent-femoral-and-tibial-osteotomies-versus-soft-tissue-balance-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-technical-case-report
#12
M Lo Presti, G G Costa, S Cialdella, M P Neri, G Agrò, F Iacono, G F Raspugli, M Marcacci
This case report outlines some of the challenges as well as limitations in correction of osteoarthritis of the knee in combination with extra-articular deformities,and provides a novel and straightforward surgical solution in overcoming these challenges. We describe the case of a 37-year-old male who suffered from advanced bilateral tri-compartmental knee arthritis due to untreated bloodstream-sourced osteomyelitis after birth. Radiographs and surgery confirmed extremely severe deformities. We performed two different surgical techniques in order to correct extra-articular deformities (one-stage approach of concurrent tibial and femoral osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty on one side, and soft tissue balancing with "pie-crusting technique" plus total knee arthroplasty on the other side), with description of subsequent results at 36-months follow-up...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706107/interventions-that-improve-maternity-care-for-immigrant-women-in-the-uk-protocol-for-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#13
Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom, Catrin Evans, Myfanwy Morgan, Kuldip Kaur Bharj, Jeanette Eldridge, Basharat Hussain
INTRODUCTION: A quarter of all births in the UK are to mothers born outside the UK. There is also evidence that immigrant women have higher maternal and infant death rates and of inequalities in the provision and uptake of maternity services/birth centres. The topic is of great significance to the National Health Service because of directives that address inequalities and the changing patterns of migration to the UK. Our main question for the systematic review is 'what interventions exist that are specifically focused on improving maternity care for immigrant women in the UK?' The primary objective of this synthesis is to generate new interpretations of research evidence...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705258/fate-bias-during-neural-regeneration-adjusts-dynamically-without-recapitulating-developmental-fate-progression
#14
Jeremy Ng Chi Kei, Peter David Currie, Patricia Regina Jusuf
BACKGROUND: Regeneration of neurons in the central nervous system is poor in humans. In other vertebrates neural regeneration does occur efficiently and involves reactivation of developmental processes. Within the neural retina of zebrafish, Müller glia are the main stem cell source and are capable of generating progenitors to replace lost neurons after injury. However, it remains largely unknown to what extent Müller glia and neuron differentiation mirror development. METHODS: Following neural ablation in the zebrafish retina, dividing cells were tracked using a prolonged labelling technique...
July 13, 2017: Neural Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705149/f-treegc-a-questionnaire-based-family-tree-creation-software-for-genetic-counseling-and-genome-cohort-studies
#15
Tomoharu Tokutomi, Akimune Fukushima, Kayono Yamamoto, Yasushi Bansho, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Atsushi Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The Tohoku Medical Megabank project aims to create a next-generation personalized healthcare system by conducting large-scale genome-cohort studies involving three generations of local residents in the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake. We collected medical and genomic information for developing a biobank to be used for this healthcare system. We designed a questionnaire-based pedigree-creation software program named "f-treeGC," which enables even less experienced medical practitioners to accurately and rapidly collect family health history and create pedigree charts...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696824/age-appropriate-versus-up-to-date-coverage-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-young-children-in-israel
#16
Chen Stein-Zamir, Avi Israeli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Routine childhood vaccinations schedules recommend that children receive the vaccine doses at specific ages. Vaccination coverage data are conventionally reported by the up-to-date method. We aimed to assess vaccination timeliness by the age-appropriate method and compare to the up-to-date vaccination coverage. METHODS: Assessment of age-appropriate and up-to-date vaccination coverage among children born in Israel in 2009 and followed to age 48 months (national representative sample, n = 3892)...
July 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694793/comparative-genomic-characterization-of-the-highly-persistent-and-potentially-virulent-cronobacter-sakazakii-st83-cc65-strain-h322-and-other-st83-strains
#17
Hannah R Chase, Gopal R Gopinath, Athmanya K Eshwar, Andrea Stoller, Claudia Fricker-Feer, Jayanthi Gangiredla, Isha R Patel, Hediye N Cinar, HyeJin Jeong, ChaeYoon Lee, Flavia Negrete, Samantha Finkelstein, Roger Stephan, Ben D Tall, Angelika Lehner
Cronobacter (C.) sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen and has been associated with serious infections with high mortality rates predominantly in pre-term, low-birth weight and/or immune compromised neonates and infants. Infections have been epidemiologically linked to consumption of intrinsically and extrinsically contaminated lots of reconstituted powdered infant formula (PIF), thus contamination of such products is a challenging task for the PIF producing industry. We present the draft genome of C. sakazakii H322, a highly persistent sequence type (ST) 83, clonal complex (CC) 65, serotype O:7 strain obtained from a batch of non-released contaminated PIF product...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693088/-study-of-the-relevant-factors-of-behavioral-development-among-30-month-old-infants-in-rural-area-of-shaanxi-province
#18
X Yang, Z H Zhu, M Zhang, D Y Li, D L Liu, Y Cheng, H Yan, L X Zeng
Objective: To explore the relevant factors of behavioral development among 30-month-old infants in rural area, Shaanxi Province. Methods: The behavioral development among 977 infants aged 30-month-old was evaluated in Changwu and Binxian of Shaanxi province from July 2006 to August 2008. The inclusion criteria included single live birth between January 2004 and February 2006, mother had participated in a community-based intervention study named "Impact of multi-micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy on low birth weight and premature delivery" ...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#19
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 6, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689612/observations-and-conversations-home-preparation-of-infant-formula-among-a-sample-of%C3%A2-low-income-mothers-in-the-southeastern-us
#20
Rebecca G Ellison, Betty P Greer, Janie L Burney, L Suzie Goodell, Katherine B Bower, Jennifer C Nicklas, Zixin Lou, Katherine F Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: Explore infant formula preparation attitudes and beliefs among low-income, formula-feeding, Southeastern US mothers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using in-home observations and in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participant homes. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen low-income mothers of normal birth weight, healthy, term infants aged ≤3 months, who were predominantly feeding powdered or from-concentrate formula. VARIABLES MEASURED: Reading formula preparation instructions; order of added ingredients; leveling powdered formula scoop(s); adding cereal or other ingredients to bottles...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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