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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227912/annual-variations-in-sexual-hormones-and-births-frequency-in-female-stump-tailed-macaques-macaca-arctoides
#1
R Mondragón-Ceballos, M D García-Granados, G Matamoros-Trejo, L E Hernández-López
Although the breeding seasonality in Macaca arctoides have been studied over a long period of time, it is still controversial whether reproduction in this primate tend to increase during certain months of the year as it happens in most of the macaque species. Many authors have classified Macaca arctoides as not being seasonal species. Nonetheless, there were no reports, about seasonal variations of female sexual hormones to demonstrate that asseveration. Therefore, in the present study we collect 1611 fecal samples from June 2009 to November 2010 from 10 female stump-tailed macaques to measure 17β-estradiol and progesterone concentrations...
November 20, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227902/china-s-great-leap-forward-an-estimate-of-total-and-additional-excess-male-birth-losses
#2
Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: Stress reduces the male to female ratio at birth (M/T). China's Great Leap Forward (11/1957-1/1961) had disastrous consequences with a catastrophic national famine that lasted between 1959 and 1961. This resulted in a reduction in births and an additional male birth deficit. This study was carried out in order to estimate the total pregnancy losses and M/T, along with these value's perinatal mortality rates equivalents. METHODS: Estimated M/T and births for 1956-61 and for the aggregates of 1956-58 and 1959-61 were calculated...
December 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227900/exposures-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-birthweight-in-a-rural-urban-mother-child-cohort-in-tamil-nadu-india
#3
Kalpana Balakrishnan, Santu Ghosh, Gurusamy Thangavel, Sankar Sambandam, Krishnendu Mukhopadhyay, Naveen Puttaswamy, Arulselvan Sadasivam, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Priscilla Johnson, Rajarajeswari Kuppuswamy, Durairaj Natesan, Uma Maheshwari, Amudha Natarajan, Gayathri Rajendran, Rengaraj Ramasami, Sathish Madhav, Saraswathy Manivannan, Srinivasan Nargunanadan, Srinivasan Natarajan, Sudhakar Saidam, Moumita Chakraborty, Lingeswari Balakrishnan, Vijayalakshmi Thanasekaraan
BACKGROUND: Exposure to PM2.5 (fine particulate matter <less than 2.5µm in aerodynamic diameter) related to ambient and household air pollution has been associated with low birthweight. Few of these studies, however, have been conducted in high exposure settings that are commonly encountered in low and middle income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether PM2.5 exposures during pregnancy were associated with birthweight in an integrated rural-urban, mother-child cohort in the state of Tamil Nadu, India...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223451/mineralization-in-newborn-calves-contributes-to-health-improve-the-antioxidant-system-and-reduces-bacterial-infections
#4
Patrícia Glombowsky, Aleksandro S da Silva, Natan M Soldá, Gabriela M Galli, Angelisa H Biazus, Gabriela Campigotto, Nathieli B Bottari, Rejane S Sousa, Maiara C Brisola, Lenita M Stefani, Matheus D Baldissera, Marta L R Leal, Vera M Morsch, Maria Rosa C Schetinger, Gustavo Machado
The first phase of life of dairy calves has elevated mortality indices linked with low immunity and sanitary challenges, mainly bacterial infections are involved in the pathogenesis of diarrhea, the leading cause of death. Also, other important problem is the nutritional deficiencies, such as the mineral deficiency. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether an intramuscular mineral supplementation based on selenium, copper, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus possess beneficial effects on health of dairy calves...
December 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221672/cost-and-use-of-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-at-a-children-s-hospital
#5
Diane L Spatz, Abbey C Robinson, Elizabeth B Froh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost and use of pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) at a children's hospital with a strong human milk culture. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive cohort study. SETTING: A children's hospital in the northeastern region of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Infants (N = 281) younger than 1 year of age at the time of hospitalization who received PDHM between January 2011 and November 2014. Infants older than 1 year of age at the time of hospitalization were excluded from the study sample...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217972/clinical-aspects-and-antenatal-diagnosis-of-invasive-placenta-a-review-of-ten-years-experience-of-a-multi-profile-hospital-in-lithuania
#6
Jelena Volochovič, Diana Ramašauskaitė, Ramunė Šimkevičiūtė
Background: Invasive placenta is a rare obstetrical pathology that is life-threatening to mother and child. It is important to diagnose this pathology as early as possible and to plan further optimal care of patients in order to minimize life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of cases of invasive placenta, the peculiarities of their clinical manifestation in women who gave birth from 2006 to 2015, to evaluate diagnostic and treatment options of this pathology, and to review their changes when the level of services provided by the institution changes...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217722/successfully-implementing-and-embedding-guidelines-to-improve-the-nutrition-and-growth-of-preterm-infants-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-prospective-interventional-study
#7
Mark J Johnson, Alison A Leaf, Freya Pearson, Howard W Clark, Borislav D Dimitrov, Catherine Pope, Carl R May
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to improve the nutritional care of preterm infants by developing a complex (multifaceted) intervention intended to translate current evidence into practice. We used the sociological framework of Normalization Process Theory (NPT), to guide implementation in order to embed the new practices into routine care. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study with a before and after methodology. PARTICIPANTS: Infants <30 weeks gestation or <1500 g at birth...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215127/midwives-in-england-and-in-italy-two-realities-compared
#8
C Dell'Omodarme, G Bocci, G Troiano, S Rossi, L Kundisova, N Nante, L Alaimo
BACKGROUND: Midwives have the responsibility to provide assistance to pregnant women for non-complicated deliveries. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of midwives in Italy and in England in order to provide interesting comparisons. METHODS: From September to October 2015 we administered an online questionnaire to groups of Italian and English midwives. The questionnaire was composed by a part trying to collect the sociodemographic information and a second part to define the attitudes of care and the type of approach to birth and degree of attained professional autonomy...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214159/quality-of-care-during-neonatal-resuscitation-in-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#9
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
Background: Birth asphyxia is the leading cause of neonatal mortality in Kenya. Quality care during neonatal resuscitation (NR) can contribute to a reduction in neonatal mortality related to birth asphyxia by 30 percent. This study assessed the quality of care (QoC) during NR for newborns with birth asphyxia. Methods: Direct observations of 138 newborn resuscitations were done in labor ward and maternity theatre. Twenty-eight healthcare providers were observed 3-5 times using a structured checklist...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212457/the-decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-section-and-its-associated-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Birjna A Hirani, Bariki L Mchome, Nicholaus S Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emergency obstetric care. Intervention designed to minimize DDI are vital, in attempt to prevent maternal morbidity and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The feasibility and practicability of the recommended DDI in recent studies have been questioned especially in limited resource setting and therefore the objective of our study was to determine the DDI and its associated fetalmaternal outcomes at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania...
December 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211889/reduced-live-birth-rates-after-ivf-icsi-in-women-with-previous-unilateral-oophorectomy-results-of-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#11
Tekla Lind, Jan Holte, Jan I Olofsson, Nermin Hadziosmanovic, Johannes Gudmundsson, Elizabeth Nedstrand, Mikael Lood, Lars Berglund, Kenny Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a reduced live-birth rate (LBR) after IVF/ICSI treatment in women with a previous unilateral oophorectomy (UO)? SUMMARY ANSWER: A significantly reduced LBR after IVF/ICSI was found in women with previous UO when compared with women with intact ovaries in this large multicentre cohort, both crudely and after adjustment for age, BMI, fertility centre and calendar period and regardless of whether the analysis was based on transfer of embryos in the fresh cycle only or on cumulative results including transfers using frozen-thawed embryos...
December 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211842/maternal-age-at-birth-and-daughters-subsequent-childlessness
#12
O Basso, C R Weinberg, A A D'Aloisio, D P Sandler
STUDY QUESTION: Does maternal age at a daughter's birth predict her subsequent probability of lifelong childlessness? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this study population, women born to older mothers were more likely to be childless. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although maternal age at childbearing is increasing in many countries, there is limited evidence on whether being born to older parents may influence offspring fertility. STUDY DESIGN SIZE AND DURATION: This analysis included 43 135 women from the US-based Sister Study, a cohort study of 50 884 sisters of women with breast cancer recruited between 2003 and 2009...
December 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211135/longitudinal-evaluation-of-humoral-immune-response-and-merozoite-surface-antigen-diversity-in-calves-naturally-infected-with-babesia-bovis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#13
Carlos António Matos, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Dasiel Obregón Alvarez, Carla Roberta Freschi, Jenevaldo Barbosa da Silva, Silvana Pompeia Val-Moraes, Natalia Serra Mendes, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Babesiosis is an economically important infectious disease affecting cattle worldwide. In order to longitudinally evaluate the humoral immune response against Babesia bovis and the merozoite surface antigen diversity of B. bovis among naturally infected calves in Taiaçu, Brazil, serum and DNA samples from 15 calves were obtained quarterly, from their birth to 12 months of age. Anti-B. bovis IgG antibodies were detected by means of the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209482/the-place-for-prophylactic-cerclage-in-the-infertile-patient-with-established-cervical-incompetence-who-conceived-twins-after-septum-reduction
#14
Jennifer Deanna, Omar Abuzied, Fahmi Islam, Ivana Vettriano, Frederico Rocha, Mostafa Abuzeid
Introduction: It is well known that cervical incompetence and associated preterm birth confers greater morbidity and mortality on birth outcomes, with an additional increased risk of cervical incompetence in higher order gestations. While the pathophysiology of cervical incompetence has yet to be elucidated, research has identified risk factors and assessed outcomes of numerous interventions. Cervical cerclage has been shown, in certain situations involving singleton pregnancies, to improve outcomes...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206833/effects-of-women-s-groups-practising-participatory-learning-and-action-on-preventive-and-care-seeking-behaviours-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-cluster-randomised-trials
#15
Nadine Seward, Melissa Neuman, Tim Colbourn, David Osrin, Sonia Lewycka, Kishwar Azad, Anthony Costello, Sushmita Das, Edward Fottrell, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma Manandhar, Nirmala Nair, Bejoy Nambiar, Neena Shah More, Tambosi Phiri, Prasanta Tripathy, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends participatory learning and action (PLA) in women's groups to improve maternal and newborn health, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services. There have been calls to understand the pathways through which this community intervention may affect neonatal mortality. We examined the effect of women's groups on key antenatal, delivery, and postnatal behaviours in order to understand pathways to mortality reduction...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206131/influence-of-maternal-care-on-behavioural-development-of-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-living-in-a-home-environment
#16
Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjó, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies towards environmental and social stimuli. In order to do this, maternal care (licking puppy's ano-genital area, licking the puppy, nursing and mother-puppy contact) during the first three weeks after birth was assessed in 12 litters of domestic dog puppies reared in home environments (total = 72 puppies)...
December 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205980/retinopathy-of-prematurity-from-recognition-of-risk-factors-to-treatment-recommendations
#17
Reija Fagerholm, Eija Vesti
Retinopathy of prematurity is a proliferative retinal disorder diagnosed exclusively in prematurely born infants. In retinopathy of prematurity, growth of the retinal vasculature is disturbed, leading to hypoxia-induced pathological changes typical of retinopathy of prematurity, in the worst case resulting in retinal detachment. The most typical risk factors predisposing to the disease include hyperoxemia, low levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I), and low birth weight in relation to weeks of pregnancy...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#18
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205074/overweight-and-obesity-risk-factors-in-children-aged-3-7-years-a-prospective-study-in-the-city-of-krak%C3%A3-w
#19
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204197/infantile-tremor-syndrome-in-modern-times
#20
Piyush Gautam, Nivedita Sharma, Sanjeev Chaudhary, Ankush Kaushal
Background: Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is a clinical syndrome of acute or gradual onset of mental and psychomotor changes, pigmentary disturbances of hair and skin, pallor, and tremors in malnourished children aged between 5 months and 3 years. It is a well-known entity, but the exact etiopathogenesis is still not known. Setting and Design: Prospective observational study carried out in the Department of Pediatrics at Dr RPGMC Tanda, Kangra in Himachal Pradesh...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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