keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

birth order

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636089/geographic-substructure-in-craniometric-estimates-of-admixture-for-contemporary-american-populations
#1
Bridget F B Algee-Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates heterogeneity in craniometrically-derived estimates of admixture in order to reveal population substructure in a sample of Black, White, Hispanic, and Native American individuals from the FDB. It reports evidence of spatial trends in population-specific patterns of admixture and contextualizes its results in terms of demographic diversity in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The FDB was sampled to capture the population variation within forensic casework, skeletal collections, and the U...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633287/genetic-diseases-and-aneuploidies-can-be-detected-with-a-single-blastocyst-biopsy-a-successful-clinical-approach
#2
Maria Giulia Minasi, Francesco Fiorentino, Alessandra Ruberti, Anil Biricik, Elisabetta Cursio, Ettore Cotroneo, Maria Teresa Varricchio, Matteo Surdo, Francesca Spinella, Ermanno Greco
STUDY QUESTION: Can simultaneous detection of aneuploidies and genetic diseases or chromosomal aberrations in blastocysts reduce the chance of transferring embryos with low implantation potential, guaranteeing good clinical outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The screening for chromosomal aneuploidies revealed that 50.6% of blastocysts diagnosed free of genetic disease or balanced, were aneuploid, therefore avoiding the transfer of blastocysts potentially resulting in implantation failures, miscarriages, or in some cases, in health affected live births...
June 12, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631876/incidence-of-episiotomy-in-slovenia-the-story-behind-the-numbers
#3
Anita Jug Došler, Ana Polona Mivšek, Ivan Verdenik, Teja Škodič Zakšek, Tina Levec, Petra Petročnik
Episiotomy is a surgical cut of the perineum performed in the second stage of labor in order to widen the vaginal opening and thus facilitate the birth of an infant. Despite current recommendations against the routine use of episiotomy, it is one of the most commonly performed surgical interventions during childbirth. This retrospective study explores the number of episiotomies performed in Slovenian maternity hospitals and the differences in episiotomy rates in relation to parity. Data were obtained from the Slovenian National Perinatal Information System and pooled for 2013...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620997/morphology-and-evolution-of-the-oral-shield-in-marsupial-neonates-including-the-newborn-monito-del-monte-dromiciops-gliroides-marsupialia-microbiotheria-pouch-young
#4
Nanette Y Schneider, Yamila Gurovich
Newborn marsupials can be arranged into three grades of developmental complexity based on their external form, as well as based on their organ systems and their cytology. The dasyurids are considered the least developed marsupials at birth, while didelphids and peramelids are intermediate, and macropods are the most developed. Currently there is still little information on caenolestid and microbiotherid development at birth. Developmental stages can be graded as G1, G2 and G3, with G1 being the least developed at birth, and G3 the most developed...
July 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620608/a-path-to-implement-precision-child-health-cardiovascular-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Marlin Touma, Brian Reemtsen, Nancy Halnon, Juan Alejos, J Paul Finn, Stanley F Nelson, Yibin Wang
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) affect approximately 1% of live births and are a major source of childhood morbidity and mortality even in countries with advanced healthcare systems. Along with phenotypic heterogeneity, the underlying etiology of CHDs is multifactorial, involving genetic, epigenetic, and/or environmental contributors. Clear dissection of the underlying mechanism is a powerful step to establish individualized therapies. However, the majority of CHDs are yet to be clearly diagnosed for the underlying genetic and environmental factors, and even less with effective therapies...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620153/premature-labor-and-neonatal-septicemia-caused-by-capnocytophaga-ochracea
#6
Abdullah A Alhifany, Thamer A Almangour, Deanne E Tabb, David H Levine
BACKGROUND Capnocytophaga ochracea is a gram-negative anaerobic organism commonly found in human oral flora. It is characteristically sensitive to beta-lactams and resistant to aminoglycosides. CASE REPORT A 23-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal pain and was admitted for premature labor at 24-weeks of gestation. At presentation, the cervix was closed and the membrane was intact; however, contractions continued, the membrane subsequently ruptured before receiving any steroids or magnesium, and the mother gave birth to a 540-gram female baby...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619065/open-issues-in-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-hurler
#7
REVIEW
Rossella Parini, Federica Deodato, Maja Di Rocco, Edoardo Lanino, Franco Locatelli, Chiara Messina, Attilio Rovelli, Maurizio Scarpa
Mucopolysaccharidosis I-Hurler (MPS I-H) is the most severe form of a metabolic genetic disease caused by mutations of IDUA gene encoding the lysosomal α-L-iduronidase enzyme. MPS I-H is a rare, life-threatening disease, evolving in multisystem morbidity including progressive neurological disease, upper airway obstruction, skeletal deformity and cardiomyopathy. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the gold standard for the treatment of MPS I-H in patients diagnosed and treated before 2-2...
June 15, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614419/risk-factors-for-exclusive-breastfeeding-lasting-less-than-two-months-identifying-women-in-need-of-targeted-breastfeeding-support
#8
Karin Cato, Sara M Sylvén, Johan Lindbäck, Alkistis Skalkidou, Christine Rubertsson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates in Sweden are declining, and it is important to identify women at risk for early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding lasting less than two months postpartum. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study was conducted at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. Six hundred and seventy-nine women were included in this sub-study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#9
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610460/vitamin-d-levels-in-newborns-and-association-with-neonatal-hypocalcemia
#10
Büşra Yılmaz, Canan Aygün, Erhan Çetinoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D has many important functions in our body. Especially in intrauterine and early infancy periods, Vitamin D plays a major role in bone development, growth, and the maturation of tissues such as lung and brain. Fetus is dependent on the mother in terms of Vitamin D and maternal Vitamin D deficiency results in a Vitamin D deficient newborn. The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Vitamin D in newborns and to investigate the association between Vitamin D status of the baby and neonatal hypocalcemia...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608293/fraternal-birth-order-family-size-and-male-homosexuality-meta-analysis-of-studies-spanning-25%C3%A2-years
#11
Ray Blanchard
The fraternal birth order effect is the tendency for older brothers to increase the odds of homosexuality in later-born males. This study compared the strength of the effect in subjects from small versus large families and in homosexual subjects with masculine versus feminine gender identities. Meta-analyses were conducted on 30 homosexual and 30 heterosexual groups from 26 studies, totaling 7140 homosexual and 12,837 heterosexual males. The magnitude of the fraternal birth order effect was measured with a novel variable, the Older Brothers Odds Ratio, computed as (homosexuals' older brothers ÷ homosexuals' other siblings) ÷ (heterosexuals' older brothers ÷ heterosexuals' other siblings), where other siblings = older sisters + younger brothers + younger sisters...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605006/treating-periodontal-disease-for-preventing-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-pregnant-women
#12
REVIEW
Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Philippa Middleton, Marco Esposito, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been linked with a number of conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes, all likely through systemic inflammatory pathways. It is common in women of reproductive age and gum conditions tend to worsen during pregnancy. Some evidence from observational studies suggests that periodontal intervention may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is need for a comprehensive Cochrane review of randomised trials to assess the effect of periodontal treatment on perinatal and maternal health...
June 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604178/determinants-of-inequality-in-the-up-to-date-fully-immunization-coverage-among-children-aged-24-35-months-evidence-from-zhejiang-province-east-china
#13
Yu Hu, Ying Wang, Yaping Chen, Qian Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the degree and determinants of inequality in up-to-date fully immunization (UTDFI) coverage among children of Zhejiang province, east China. METHOD: We used data from the Zhejiang provincial vaccination coverage survey of 2014 and the health outcome was the UTDFI status among children aged 24-35 months. The household income per month was used as an index of socio-economic status for the inequality analysis. The concentration index (CI) was used to quantify the degree of inequality and the decomposition approach was applied to quantify the contributions from demographic factors to inequality in UTDFI coverage...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601158/effect-of-corifollitropin-alfa-supplemented-with-or-without-lh-on-ovarian-stimulation-and-embryo-viability-in-rabbit
#14
María Pilar Viudes-de-Castro, Francisco Marco-Jiménez, José Isaí Cedano-Castro, José Salvador Vicente
There is increasing interest in using rabbits for research as a laboratory model as well as for industrial production of meat, wool and fur. Superovulation in animals is used to produce a maximum number of transferable embryos per donor, in order to either support genetic improvement programs, ex situ conservation or to optimize other biotechnologies. Over time, the use of this biotechnology has shown variable outcomes as a consequence of several factors, such as the origin of exogenous hormone, posology and the effect of gonadotropins used simultaneously, the donor and the environment...
August 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600920/frozen-embryo-transfer-or-fresh-embryo-transfer-clinical-outcomes-depend-on-the-number-of-oocytes-retrieved
#15
Bing Xu, Ya-Qiong He, Yuan Wang, Yao Lu, Yan Hong, Yao Wang, Yun Sun
OBJECTIVE: To establish a safe and effective clinical transplantation strategy for determining when to prioritize frozen embryo transfers (FET) or fresh embryo transfers (ET) we conducted a retrospective analysis study, examining several key clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study, 1423 patients (age<40) were categorized into four groups according to the number of oocytes retrieved (15-18, 19-21, 22-24 and  ≥25 oocytes). The clinical outcomes of 1423 in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles (896 fresh ET and 527 FET) were reviewed for each group...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598138/unexplained-infertility-live-birth-s-prognostic-factors-to-determine-the-art-management
#16
Alexandra Ohannessian, Anderson Loundou, Audrey Gnisci, Odile Paulmyer-Lacroix, Jeanne Perrin, Blandine Courbiere
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective observational study was to identify prognostic factors that lead to a live birth (LB) in couples with unexplained infertility in order to define the best ART strategy. METHODS: Prognostic factors of couples with unexplained infertility managed initially with gonadotropin intrauterine inseminations (IUI) at a single university fertility center were analyzed. Infertility was not considered "unexplained" in case of mild male infertility and suspicion of diminished ovarian reserve (FSH>10IU/L)...
June 9, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596832/mechanical-and-vasomotor-properties-of-piglet-isolated-middle-cerebral-artery
#17
Vibeke R Eriksen, Bahareh Abdolalizadeh, Simon Trautner, Gorm Greisen, Majid Sheykhzade
Piglets are often used as experimental models for studying cerebrovascular responses in newborn infants. However, the mechanical characteristics of piglets' middle cerebral arteries (MCA) are not well characterized. Additionally, the vessels' response to dopamine, the most commonly used vasopressor in newborns, is not characterized in piglets' MCA. Finally, the influence of preterm birth on the dopamine response is not known. The aim of this current was to compare by wire myography the active and passive mechanical characteristics and dopamine concentration-response relations of MCAs isolated from preterm and term newborn piglets...
February 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594943/childhood-cancer-risk-in-those-with-chromosomal-and-non-chromosomal-congenital-anomalies-in-washington-state-1984-2013
#18
Marlena S Norwood, Philip J Lupo, Eric J Chow, Michael E Scheurer, Sharon E Plon, Heather E Danysh, Logan G Spector, Susan E Carozza, David R Doody, Beth A Mueller
BACKGROUND: The presence of a congenital anomaly is associated with increased childhood cancer risk, likely due to large effects of Down syndrome and chromosomal anomalies for leukemia. Less is known about associations with presence of non-chromosomal anomalies. METHODS: Records of children diagnosed with cancer at <20 years of age during 1984-2013 in Washington State cancer registries were linked to their birth certificates (N = 4,105). A comparison group of children born in the same years was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#19
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human Immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. Large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement. Low literacy rates, high birth rates and associated maternal mortality plus a lack of clean drinking water and appropriate sanitation system have a serious impact on general living conditions contributing to a relatively short life-span...
June 8, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591955/-analyzing-colonization-of-bifidobacteria-in-infants-with-real-time-fluorescent-quantitative-pcr
#20
Miao He, Ming Li, Shu-Yue Wang, Ling-Lin Zhang, Jun-Jie Miao, Lei Shi, Qian Yu, Jian-Rong Yao, Cheng-Yu Huang, Fang He
OBJECTIVES: In order to know how intestinal Bifidobacteria community could be built in the infants and whether the environmental factors could affect them, the present study was conducted to characterizethe species composition and trace the quantitative changes of intestinal Bifidobacteria of the infants in their early stages with non-culture dependent molecular method. The possible association of Bifidobacteria community of the infants with their health was also discussed. METHODS: Total 16 of full-term newborn infants born between March and April 2013 were recruited for the present study...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
keyword
keyword
54069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"