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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#1
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736061/impact-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-community-reintegration-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Amrita Kanchan, Amool Ranjan Singh, Nawab Akhtar Khan, Masroor Jahan, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Objectives: The present study was targeted to observe the impact of neuropsychological rehabilitation on activities of daily living (ADL) and community reintegration of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Settings and Participants: Based on purposive sampling technique, ten patients with TBI falling in the age range of 20-40 years and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were chosen from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621947/comparison-of-two-music-training-approaches-on-music-and-speech-perception-in-cochlear-implant-users
#3
Christina D Fuller, John J Galvin, Bert Maat, Deniz Başkent, Rolien H Free
In normal-hearing (NH) adults, long-term music training may benefit music and speech perception, even when listening to spectro-temporally degraded signals as experienced by cochlear implant (CI) users. In this study, we compared two different music training approaches in CI users and their effects on speech and music perception, as it remains unclear which approach to music training might be best. The approaches differed in terms of music exercises and social interaction. For the pitch/timbre group, melodic contour identification (MCI) training was performed using computer software...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621798/facilitating-postsecondary-transition-and-promoting-academic-success-through-language-literacy-based-self-determination-strategies
#4
Ginger Collins, Julie A Wolter
Purpose: As noted by Powell (2018), speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools, and this holds true for adolescents who require transition planning. The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on transition planning for secondary school students with a language-based learning disability (LLD) and provide a case illustration for how SLPs may use self-determination strategies to facilitate postsecondary transition while promoting academic success...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619524/impact-of-formal-training-on-agreement-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-study-interpretation-across-and-within-disciplines
#5
Alice K Silbergleit, Diana Cook, Scott Kienzle, Erica Boettcher, Daniel Myers, Denise Collins, Edward Peterson, Matthew A Silbergleit, Richard Silbergleit
PURPOSE: Formal agreement studies on interpretation of the videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) procedure among speech-language pathologists, radiology house officers, and staff radiologists have not been pursued. Each of these professions participates in the procedure, interprets the examination, and writes separate reports on the findings. The aim of this study was to determine reliability of interpretation between and within the disciplines and to determine if structured training improved reliability...
April 4, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596633/opennotes-in-oncology-oncologists-perceptions-and-a-baseline-of-the-content-and-style-of-their-clinician-notes
#6
Jordan M Alpert, Bonny B Morris, Maria D Thomson, Khalid Matin, Charles E Geyer, Richard F Brown
Patients' ability to access their provider's clinical notes (OpenNotes) has been well received and has led to greater transparency in health systems. However, the majority of this research has occurred in primary care, and little is known about how patients' access to notes is used in oncology. This study aims to understand oncologists' perceptions of OpenNotes, while also establishing a baseline of the linguistic characteristics and patterns used in notes.Data from 13 in-depth, semistructured interviews with oncologists were thematically analyzed...
March 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576398/early-recovery-of-aphasia-through-thrombolysis-the-significance-of-spontaneous-speech
#7
Giovanni Furlanis, Mariana Ridolfi, Paola Polverino, Alina Menichelli, Paola Caruso, Marcello Naccarato, Arianna Sartori, Lucio Torelli, Valentina Pesavento, Paolo Manganotti
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is one of the most devastating stroke-related consequences for social interaction and daily activities. Aphasia recovery in acute stroke depends on the degree of reperfusion after thrombolysis or thrombectomy. As aphasia assessment tests are often time-consuming for patients with acute stroke, physicians have been developing rapid and simple tests. The aim of our study is to evaluate the improvement of language functions in the earliest stage in patients treated with thrombolysis and in nontreated patients using our rapid screening test...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569990/molecular-neuroimaging-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-with-predominant-agraphia
#8
Rene L Utianski, Joseph R Duffy, Rodolfo Savica, Jennifer L Whitwell, Mary M Machulda, Keith A Josephs
A 62-year-old male presented with progressive isolated writing and spelling difficulties. Neurological, neuropsychological, speech, and language evaluations identified only minimal additional abnormalities. The presenting characteristics did not meet criteria for any particular variant of primary progressive aphasia; his clinical presentation is best described as primary progressive aphasia, with a predominant, almost pure agraphia. Brain MRI showed asymmetric, bilateral parenchymal volume loss, with left hippocampal atrophy...
March 23, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545836/gemals-a-promising-therapy-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Michel Geffard, Arturo Mangas, Denis Bedat, Rafael Coveñas
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that currently has no cure. At present, the only approved treatment for ALS is Riluzole, a glutamate release blocker that improves life expectancy by 3-6 months. ALS-Endotherapia (GEMALS) is a novel therapeutic approach to treat ALS and the aim of the present study was to investigate the potential beneficial effects of this novel treatment. A total of 31 patients with ALS were assessed in the current study. Deceleration of the disease was observed in 83...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538212/verbal-auditory-agnosia-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#10
Jong Min Kim, Seung Beom Woo, Zeeihn Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Verbal auditory agnosia is the selective inability to recognize verbal sounds. Patients with this disorder lose the ability to understand language, write from dictation, and repeat words with reserved ability to identify nonverbal sounds. However, to the best of our knowledge, there was no report about verbal auditory agnosia in adult patient with traumatic brain injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: He was able to clearly distinguish between language and nonverbal sounds, and he did not have any difficulty in identifying the environmental sounds...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497749/effects-of-epilepsy-on-language-functions-scoping-review-and-data-mining-findings
#11
Manaswita Dutta, Laura Murray, Wendy Miller, Doyle Groves
Purpose: This study involved a scoping review to identify possible gaps in the empirical description of language functioning in epilepsy in adults. With access to social network data, data mining was used to determine if individuals with epilepsy are expressing language-related concerns. Method: For the scoping review, scientific databases were explored to identify pertinent articles. Findings regarding the nature of epilepsy etiologies, patient characteristics, tested language modalities, and language measures were compiled...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479273/literacy-promotion-by-health-care-professionals-a-comprehensive-biomedical-and-psychosocial-approach
#12
REVIEW
Gabriella Jacob, Lee Ford-Jones, Peter D Wong, Dena Warman, Maureen W Lovett
Literacy is the ability to read, write and understand print. Proficiency in literacy is fundamental to social inclusion and strongly linked to health outcomes. Thus, improving literacy is important for lifelong health promotion. Poverty, inadequate hearing, speech and vision and learning disabilities may challenge literacy development. In our review, we explore these topics and suggest recommendations to: Mitigate the Effects of Poverty, Access Comprehensive Medical Assessments, Promote Early Childhood Education and Advocate for Early Intervention and Remediation Programs...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440963/heritage-of-stanis%C3%A5-aw-ostrowski-the-only-one-medical-doctor-who-became-state-polish-president-patriae-semper-fidelis
#13
Martyna Woltanowska, Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Magdalena Woltanowska
Aim: Our purpose was to write a biography of Stanisław Ostrowski that would address in the first place the medical aspect of his professional life, with a comprehensive approach of others fields of his activity. Methods: We essentially grounded the paper on primary resources that were papers authored by Ostrowski including his scientific publications, memories, speeches as well as contemporaneous official documents that referred to Ostrowski. Second resources were also used to double check some data from primary resources and to place the biography of Stanisław Ostrowski in a proper background with special care to social, professional and political context...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431461/effects-of-audio-headings-on-learning
#14
Hung-Tao Chen, Robert F Lorch
Text-to-speech (TTS) programs often do a poor job of translating writing devices such as headings from visual into audio mode. Previous research studies have attempted to address this problem but these studies have mainly used heading detection tasks. The current study seeks to investigate (a) whether the presence of audio headings improves performance in natural learning tasks and (b) the type of heading rendering that is the most useful in natural learning tasks. Two experiments compared the effects of two types of rendering strategies on note-taking and cued recall...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277135/mixed-language-dominance-insights-from-a-case-of-unexpected-fluent-aphasia-with-semantic-jargon-resulting-from-massive-left-perisylvian-lesion
#15
Dimitrios Kasselimis, Constantin Potagas, Panagiotis Simos, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Harry Whitaker
We report a right-handed patient with a massive lesion in left perisylvian language cortex, who unexpectedly presented with fluent aphasia with semantic jargon. Language deficits were assessed with a comprehensive battery of language tests. Comprehension, naming, reading, and writing were severely impaired, and verbal expression was moderately fluent with semantic jargon. Although the patient's lesion included brain areas typically essential for motor speech coordination, he was neither nonfluent nor apraxic...
February 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213249/skewed-sociolinguistic-awareness-of-a-native-non-standard-dialect-evidence-from-the-cypriot-greek-writing-of-greek-cypriot-students
#16
Ioli Ayiomamitou, Androula Yiakoumetti
Over the last 50 years, sociolinguistic research in settings in which a regional, social, or ethnic non-standard linguistic variety is used alongside the standard variety of the same language has steadily increased. The educational implications of the concomitant use of such varieties have also received a great deal of research attention. This study deals with regional linguistic variation and its implications for education by focusing on the Greek Cypriot educational context. This context is ideal for investigating the linguistic profiles of speakers of proximal varieties as the majority of Greek Cypriots are primarily educated in just one of their varieties: the standard educational variety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173712/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework-to-achieve-interprofessional-functional-outcomes-for-young-children-a-speech-language-pathology-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Lemmietta G McNeilly
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework is an excellent tool to facilitate the writing of functional goals for children who exhibit communication disorders and other developmental problems that require services from professionals in multiple therapeutic areas. The holistic view of children provides each professional with an approach that integrates how one's specific health conditions and contextual factors influence a child's functioning and participation in daily activities...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171310/the-impact-of-speech-and-language-problems-in-kindergarten-on-academic-learning-and-special-education-status-in-grade-three
#18
Magdalena Janus, Chantal Labonté, Ryan Kirkpatrick, Scott Davies, Eric Duku
PURPOSE: This study addressed the implications of experiencing early speech-language pathologies (SLPs) in kindergarten on special education needs (SEN) and academic outcomes in grade three. METHOD: Early Development Instrument (EDI) kindergarten data on development and the presence or absence of SLPs were matched with grade three school-system standardised tests of reading, writing and maths, and SEN classification in Ontario, Canada for 59 015 students. Children were classified as having a Persistent speech language pathology (SLP), Remittent SLP, Latent SEN or as a typically developing Control...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157937/pure-word-deafness-following-left-temporal-damage-behavioral-and-neuroanatomical-evidence-from-a-new-case
#19
Chiara Maffei, Rita Capasso, Giulia Cazzolli, Cesare Colosimo, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Francesca Piludu, Marco Catani, Gabriele Miceli
Pure Word Deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder, characterized by selective loss of speech input processing. Its most common cause is temporal damage to the primary auditory cortex of both hemispheres, but it has been reported also following unilateral lesions. In unilateral cases, PWD has been attributed to the disconnection of Wernicke's area from both right and left primary auditory cortex. Here we report behavioral and neuroimaging evidence from a new case of left unilateral PWD with both cortical and white matter damage due to a relatively small stroke lesion in the left temporal gyrus...
December 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119700/oral-and-written-picture-description-in-individuals-with-aphasia
#20
Dorien Vandenborre, Evy Visch-Brink, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Peter Mariën
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. AIMS: To explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and discourse organization. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Fifty IWA and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education provided an oral and written description of a black-and-white situational drawing from the Dutch version of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test...
March 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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