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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157937/pure-word-deafness-following-left-temporal-damage-behavioral-and-neuroanatomical-evidence-from-a-new-case
#1
Chiara Maffei, Rita Capasso, Giulia Cazzolli, Cesare Colosimo, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Francesca Piludu, Marco Catani, Gabriele Miceli
Pure Word Deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder, characterized by selective loss of speech input processing. Its most common cause is temporal damage to the primary auditory cortex of both hemispheres, but it has been reported also following unilateral lesions. In unilateral cases, PWD has been attributed to the disconnection of Wernicke's area from both right and left primary auditory cortex. Here we report behavioral and neuroimaging evidence from a new case of left unilateral PWD with both cortical and white matter damage due to a relatively small stroke lesion in the left temporal gyrus...
October 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119700/oral-and-written-picture-description-in-individuals-with-aphasia
#2
Dorien Vandenborre, Evy Visch-Brink, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Peter Mariën
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. AIMS: To explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and discourse organization. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Fifty IWA and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education provided an oral and written description of a black-and-white situational drawing from the Dutch version of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052167/the-evaluative-lexicon-2-0-the-measurement-of-emotionality-extremity-and-valence-in-language
#3
Matthew D Rocklage, Derek D Rucker, Loran F Nordgren
The rapid expansion of the Internet and the availability of vast repositories of natural text provide researchers with the immense opportunity to study human reactions, opinions, and behavior on a massive scale. To help researchers take advantage of this new frontier, the present work introduces and validates the Evaluative Lexicon 2.0 (EL 2.0)-a quantitative linguistic tool that specializes in the measurement of the emotionality of individuals' evaluations in text. Specifically, the EL 2.0 utilizes natural language to measure the emotionality, extremity, and valence of evaluative reactions and attitudes...
October 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987044/-application-of-brain-boy-universal-professional-in-preliminary-assessment-of-auditory-processing-disorder
#4
Joanna Rutkowska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna
Increasing numbers of hearing pathology is auditory processing disorders. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) are defined as difficulty in using auditory information to communicate and learn in the presence of normal peripheral hearing. It may be recognized as a problem with understanding of speech in noise and perception disorder of distorted speech. APD may accompany to articulation disorders, language problems and difficulties in reading and writing. The diagnosis of auditory processing disorders causes many difficulties primarily due to the lack of common testing procedures, precise criteria for qualification to the group of norm and pathology...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959226/implicit-talker-training-improves-comprehension-of-auditory-speech-in-noise
#5
Jens Kreitewolf, Samuel R Mathias, Katharina von Kriegstein
Previous studies have shown that listeners are better able to understand speech when they are familiar with the talker's voice. In most of these studies, talker familiarity was ensured by explicit voice training; that is, listeners learned to identify the familiar talkers. In the real world, however, the characteristics of familiar talkers are learned incidentally, through communication. The present study investigated whether speech comprehension benefits from implicit voice training; that is, through exposure to talkers' voices without listeners explicitly trying to identify them...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#6
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659661/different-cognitive-profiles-of-patients-with-severe-aphasia
#7
Chiara Valeria Marinelli, Simona Spaccavento, Angela Craca, Paola Marangolo, Paola Angelelli
Cognitive dysfunction frequently occurs in aphasic patients and primarily compromises linguistic skills. However, patients suffering from severe aphasia show heterogeneous performance in basic cognition. Our aim was to characterize the cognitive profiles of patients with severe aphasia and to determine whether they also differ as to residual linguistic abilities. We examined 189 patients with severe aphasia with standard language tests and with the CoBaGA (Cognitive Test Battery for Global Aphasia), a battery of nonverbal tests that assesses a wide range of cognitive domains such as attention, executive functions, intelligence, memory, visual-auditory recognition, and visual-spatial abilities...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618297/does-communication-partner-training-improve-the-conversation-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia
#8
Emma Finch, Ashley Cameron, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Kyla Hudson, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a common consequence of stroke. Despite receiving specialised training in communication, speech-language pathology students may lack confidence when communicating with People with Aphasia (PWA). This paper reports data from secondary outcome measures from a randomised controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of communication partner training on the communication skills of speech-language pathology students during conversations with PWA...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584692/human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-autism-a-case-series
#9
Geeta Shroff
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder accompanied by weak immune system and neuroinflammation. Multiple factors contribute to etiology of autism spectrum disorder including genetic disorders, environmental substances/toxins, imbalanced immune system, encephalitis, and viral infections. Autism spectrum disorder is an incurable disease; however, it can be managed by educational and medical interventions. Human embryonic stem cell therapy has been shown to improve blood perfusion in the brain; thus, this therapy may be effective in improving motor skills, social skills, and cognition in patients with autism spectrum disorder...
March 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545039/the-perceptual-learning-of-time-compressed-speech-a-comparison-of-training-protocols-with-different-levels-of-difficulty
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yafit Gabay, Avi Karni, Karen Banai
Speech perception can improve substantially with practice (perceptual learning) even in adults. Here we compared the effects of four training protocols that differed in whether and how task difficulty was changed during a training session, in terms of the gains attained and the ability to apply (transfer) these gains to previously un-encountered items (tokens) and to different talkers. Participants trained in judging the semantic plausibility of sentences presented as time-compressed speech and were tested on their ability to reproduce, in writing, the target sentences; trail-by-trial feedback was afforded in all training conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540511/timed-written-picture-naming-in-14-european-languages
#11
Mark Torrance, Guido Nottbusch, Rui A Alves, Barbara Arfé, Lucile Chanquoy, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, Ioannis Dimakos, Raquel Fidalgo, Jukka Hyönä, Ómar I Jóhannesson, George Madjarov, Dennis N Pauly, Per Henning Uppstad, Luuk van Waes, Michael Vernon, Åsa Wengelin
We describe the Multilanguage Written Picture Naming Dataset. This gives trial-level data and time and agreement norms for written naming of the 260 pictures of everyday objects that compose the colorized Snodgrass and Vanderwart picture set (Rossion & Pourtois in Perception, 33, 217-236, 2004). Adult participants gave keyboarded responses in their first language under controlled experimental conditions (N = 1,274, with subsamples responding in Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish)...
May 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539900/learning-potential-in-narrative-writing-measuring-the-psychometric-properties-of-an-assessment-tool
#12
Léia G Gurgel, Mônica M C de Oliveira, Maria C R A Joly, Caroline T Reppold
Objective: The Computerized and Dynamic Writing Test (TIDE) is designed to examine the learning potential of adolescents in narrative writing. This was a validation study of the TIDE based on its internal structure. Learning potential is responsible for cognitive modifiabilty according to the Theory of Cognitive Structural Modifiability (CSM) developed by Feüerstein. Method: Included 304 participants between 10 and 17 years of age from schools in the South of Brazil. The data collection involved student groups that were divided according to age and school grade...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537640/-i-cannot-read-as-well-my-speech-is-slower-and-writing-now-poor
#13
Alice R Tang, David S Walton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#14
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454920/automated-analysis-of-written-narratives-reveals-abnormalities-in-referential-cohesion-in-youth-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#15
Tina Gupta, Susan J Hespos, William S Horton, Vijay A Mittal
Schizophrenia and at-risk populations are suggested to exhibit referential cohesion deficits in language production (e.g., producing fewer pronouns or nouns that clearly link to concepts from previous sentences). Much of this work has focused on transcribed speech samples, while no work to our knowledge has examined referential cohesion in written narratives among ultra high risk (UHR) youth using Coh-Metrix, an automated analysis tool. In the present study, written narratives from 84 individuals (UHR=41, control=43) were examined...
April 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400265/convergence-of-semantics-and-emotional-expression-within-the-ifg-pars-orbitalis
#16
Michel Belyk, Steven Brown, Jessica Lim, Sonja A Kotz
Humans communicate through a combination of linguistic and emotional channels, including propositional speech, writing, sign language, music, but also prosodic, facial, and gestural expression. These channels can be interpreted separately or they can be integrated to multimodally convey complex meanings. Neural models of the perception of semantics and emotion include nodes for both functions in the inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis (IFGorb). However, it is not known whether this convergence involves a common functional zone or instead specialized subregions that process semantics and emotion separately...
April 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376857/receptive-and-expressive-english-language-assessments-used-for-young-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#17
Laureen J McIntyre, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten, Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Carolyn Doi
BACKGROUND: The majority of a child's language development occurs in the first 5 years of life when brain development is most rapid. There are significant long-term benefits to supporting all children's language and literacy development such as maximizing their developmental potential (i.e., cognitive, linguistic, social-emotional), when children are experiencing a critical period of development (i.e., early childhood to 9 years of age). A variety of people play a significant role in supporting children's language development, including parents, guardians, family members, educators, and/or speech-language pathologists...
April 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356654/disordered-voluntary-cough-as-freezing-phenomenon-in-parkinsonism
#18
Mitsuaki Ishii, Hideaki Mashimo
[Purpose] In patients with parkinsonism, the precise mechanism of impaired voluntary cough remains poorly understood. This study used the flow-volume curve to clarify whether disordered voluntary cough reflects the freezing phenomenon. [Subjects and Methods] Case 1 was a 58-year-old female who had been suffering from progressive supranuclear palsy-pure akinesia with gait freezing. Case 2 was a 59-year-old female who had advanced juvenile parkinsonism. The subjects were asked to take a deep inspiration to the total lung capacity and then cough more than five times through the face mask into the spirometer without intervening inspirations between the coughing efforts...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337947/memory-demands-in-linguistic-compensation
#19
Srdan Medimorec, Chandeep Mander, Evan F Risko
Individuals often modify speech characteristics to accommodate their listeners. In the present study we investigate how speakers modify their speech in a dictation task and what this says about their beliefs with respect to the listener's information processing limitations. To do so, we asked participants to either read a set of numbers aloud, or dictate numbers so that another person could write them down. Our results suggest that speech modification in this task was not related to the speakers' differences in working memory capacity, and could represent speakers' attempt to minimize working memory demands of the listener...
March 24, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#20
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
June 2017: Neurological Sciences
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