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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773923/brain-activity-low-self-control-and-delinquency-an-fmri-study-of-at-risk-adolescents
#1
Ryan Charles Meldrum, Elisa M Trucco, Lora M Cope, Robert A Zucker, Mary M Heitzeg
Purpose: A vast literature finds that low self-control is associated with a myriad of antisocial behaviors. Consequently, increasing attention has focused on the causes of low self-control. While criminologists have directed significant attention to studying its social causes, fewer studies have considered its neural bases. Methods: We add to this nascent body of research by using data collected on an at-risk sample of adolescents participating in the ongoing Michigan Longitudinal Study...
May 2018: Journal of Criminal Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773527/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-real-time-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-interventions-in-rural-uganda-mixed-method-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Angella Musiimenta, Esther C Atukunda, Wilson Tumuhimbise, Emily E Pisarski, Melanie Tam, Monique A Wyatt, Norma C Ware, Jessica E Haberer
BACKGROUND: Wireless electronic adherence monitors can detect antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence lapses and trigger interventions in real time, thus potentially avoiding unnecessary HIV viremia. Evidence about the acceptability and feasibility of these monitors and associated interventions, however, is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of real-time adherence monitoring linked to text messaging (short message service, SMS) reminders and notifications to support adherence among individuals living with HIV who are taking ART in rural southwestern Uganda...
May 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773510/implications-of-the-abcd-study-for-developmental-neuroscience
#3
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, James M Bjork, Monica Luciana
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD) will capture a breadth of multi-faceted biobehavioral, environmental, familial, and genetic longitudinal developmental open-access data from over 11,000 9-10 year olds throughout the United States of America (USA) for an envisioned ten-year span. This will subsequently represent the largest study ever attempted with this level of brain phenotypic detail. This study holds the opportunity for exciting advances in the understanding of typical adolescent neurodevelopment, discovery of neurodevelopmental underpinnings of mental illness, as well as the neurodevelopmental influences of (and on) social factors, substance use, and critically - their interaction...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773490/addressing-parents-vaccine-concerns-a-randomized-trial-of-a-social-media-intervention
#4
Matthew F Daley, Komal J Narwaney, Jo Ann Shoup, Nicole M Wagner, Jason M Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Successful strategies are needed to address parental vaccine hesitancy, a significant public health issue. The study objective was to assess whether an Internet-based platform with vaccine information and interactive social media components improved parents' vaccine-related attitudes. STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted in a large Colorado integrated healthcare organization. Parents were enrolled during September 2013 through October 2015 and followed through November 2016; data were analyzed in 2017...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#5
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772779/sober-mcs-sociability-oriented-and-battery-efficient-recruitment-for-mobile-crowd-sensing
#6
Fazel Anjomshoa, Burak Kantarci
The Internet of Things (IoT) concept is aiming at being an integral part of the next generation networking services by introducing pervasiveness and ubiquitous interconnectivity of uniquely-identifiable objects. The massive availability of personalized smart devices such as smartphones and wearables enable their penetration into the IoT ecosystem with their built-in sensors, particularly in Mobile Crowd-Sensing (MCS) campaigns. The MCS systems achieve the objectives of the large-scale non-dedicated sensing concept in the IoT if a sufficient number of participants are engaged to the collaborative data acquisition process...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772607/mechanisms-and-drivers-of-social-inequality-in-phase-ii-cardiac-rehabilitation-attendance-a-convergent-mixed-methods-study
#7
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
AIM: To explore the extent to which the qualitative and quantitative data converge and explain mechanisms and drivers of social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance. BACKGROUND: Social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance has been a recognized problem for many years. However, to date the mechanisms driving these inequalities are still not fully understood. DESIGN: The study was designed as a convergent mixed methods study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772110/morphology-and-memory-toward-an-integrated-theory
#8
Ray Jackendoff, Jenny Audring
Framed in psychological terms, the basic question of linguistic theory is what is stored in memory, and in what form. Traditionally, what is stored is divided into grammar and lexicon, where grammar contains the rules and the lexicon is an unstructured list of exceptions. We develop an alternative view in which rules of grammar are simply lexical items that contain variables, and in which rules have two functions. In their generative function, they are used to build novel structures, just as in traditional generative linguistics...
May 17, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771904/development-of-an-otitis-media-strategy-in-the-pacific-key-informant-perspectives
#9
Elizabeth Holt, Judith McCool, Vili Nosa, Peter Thorne
AIM: Ear and hearing health services are scarce within Pacific Island countries. Where available, they remain under-resourced, despite there being a high estimated prevalence of otitis media and otitis media-related hearing loss. This study examines the potential for improving ear and hearing health strategies by examining key factors, opportunities and challenges, working with Fiji as a case study. METHOD: A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals who had experience in otitis media programme implementation and/or professionals with working experience within the Pacific region and the Fiji health system...
May 18, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#10
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770744/older-men-s-social-integration-after-prison
#11
Jessica Wyse
This study explores the social integration processes older men experience following prison release. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 20 men, 50 years of age and older, recently released from prison in a large, Eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze these data. Results show that while men are able to connect with and rely upon some family members and establish basic public benefits, older men's release experience is nonetheless marked by pervasive disconnection from key desired social relationships and roles...
June 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770324/one-health-integration-a-proposed-framework-for-a-study-on-veterinarians-and-zoonotic-disease-management-in-ghana
#12
Sophie Françoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly reviews this literature to clarify its critical perspective. Much of the literature on OH also is focused on health management at an international level and has paid less attention to implementation programs and policies for OH at the national and local levels, especially in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#13
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#14
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769113/thinking-beyond-opisthorchis-viverrini-for-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-lower-mekong-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer A Steele, Carsten H Richter, Pierre Echaubard, Parichat Saenna, Virginia Stout, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Bruce A Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer associated with infection by the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, in the lower Mekong region. Numerous public health interventions have focused on reducing exposure to O. viverrini, but incidence of CCA in the region remains high. While this may indicate the inefficacy of public health interventions due to complex social and cultural factors, it may further indicate other risk factors or interactions with the parasite are important in pathogenesis of CCA...
May 17, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768072/an-integrated-developmental-four-year-medical-school-curriculum-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-content-evaluation-based-on-national-competency-standards
#16
Erin M Denney-Koelsch, Robert Horowitz, Timothy Quill, Constance D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: While palliative care (PC) competencies for medical school graduates have been defined, the lack of established curriculum models and assessment tools hampers curricular evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the scope and content of the University of Rochester's longitudinal, integrated four-year PC curriculum after 17 years of implementation, review student evaluative responses, and compare the curriculum to national competency standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Combining and reorganizing a published PC curriculum assessment tool and a list of medical school PC competencies, we created a novel nine-topic framework to assess the content coverage of our curriculum...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767910/preparation-for-motherhood-during-pregnancy-a-concept-analysis
#17
Jhon Henry Osorio-Castaño, Gloria Carvajal-Carrascal, María Rodríguez-Gázquez
OBJECTIVES: This work sought to identify the attributes of the concept of preparation for motherhood during pregnancy. METHODS: Concept analysis with the method by Walker and Avant, which conducted a literature review in databases and other sources. Inclusion criteria were defined and a database was created with the articles included for the analysis. The information was integrated, responding to the eight steps proposed in the method. RESULTS: The concept of preparation for motherhood during pregnancy is defined as an intermediate process of active and conscious participation defined by the cultural, social, and historical contexts, which favor lifestyle changes to optimize health and whose attributes are classified into physical and psychological preparation...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767384/understanding-physical-activity-through-interactions-between-the-built-environment-and-social-cognition-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Ryan E Rhodes, Brian E Saelens, Claire Sauvage-Mar
BACKGROUND: Few people in most developed nations engage in regular physical activity (PA), despite its well-established health benefits. Socioecological models highlight the potential interaction of multiple factors from policy and the built environment to individual social cognition in explaining PA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to appraise this interaction tenet of the socioecological model between the built environment and social cognition to predict PA...
May 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767336/-contribution-of-natural-spaces-to-human-health-and-wellbeing
#19
REVIEW
Thomas Claßen, Maxie Bunz
Natural spaces and especially urban green and blue spaces have been recognised for a long time as spaces with great potential for protecting and promoting human health and well-being. They may affect human physical, mental and social health and well-being in various ways. On one hand, this comes to pass through reduction and moderation of potential environmental health risks (e. g. noise, particulate matter, heat), psycho-physiological effects of nature experience, as well as physical effects of exposure to natural compounds and elements...
May 16, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#20
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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