Read by QxMD icon Read

TBI ABI research

(no author information available yet)
To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Panax notoginseng extract combined with alprostadil in the treatment of arteriosclerosis occlusion and investigate its effects on the degree of atherosclerosis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP journal database, Chinese biomedical literature database(CBM), PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Science Citation Index(SCI) database were searched between inception to December 2017 for relevant studies. Two researchers independently screened and extracted the literature in strict accordance with the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Jake Wilkinson, Nohely Lee Marmol, Celia Godfrey, Harriet Wills, Quirine van Eijndhoven, Edith Nardu Botchway, Nikita Sood, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa
Fatigue is a commonly reported sequela following an acquired brain injury (ABI), and can have a negative impact on many areas of a child's life. However, there is minimal research that focuses on fatigue specifically, and so factors such as its occurrence, duration, and impact on functioning remain uncertain. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the research to date, bringing together a number of studies with a focus on paediatric ABI and fatigue. Terms were searched in relevant databases (PsycInfo, Medline, CINAHL), and articles were included or excluded based on specified criteria...
March 19, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
Robert Trevethan
Although the ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been used as an indicator of peripheral artery disease and vascular supply to the foot for over 50 years, it is now associated with reservations and qualifying empirical evidence to the extent that the provocative step of abandoning it totally might be advisable. In this article, the results of three publications concerning the ABI are initially described in some depth and the results from eight additional publications are then summarized more briefly. Cumulatively, the research indicates that ABIs that seem to be normal, as well as those in the subnormal range, are often inflated by medial arterial calcification and can therefore produce a high proportion of false-negative screening test results for arterial disease as well as a misleadingly high impression of vascular sufficiency to the lower extremity...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Laurent Carteron, Pierre Bouzat, Mauro Oddo
Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) allows bedside semicontinuous monitoring of patient brain extracellular fluid. Clinical indications of CMD monitoring are focused on the management of secondary cerebral and systemic insults in acute brain injury (ABI) patients [mainly, traumatic brain injury (TBI), subarachnoid hemorrhage, and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)], specifically to tailor several routine interventions-such as optimization of cerebral perfusion pressure, blood transfusion, glycemic control and oxygen therapy-in the individual patient...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Elizabeth Dvorak, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the current research on the effectiveness of the Amsterdam Memory and Attention Training for Children (Amat-c). METHODS: A literature search was conducted to find articles published about the Amat-c, using PubMed, psychINFO, and PsychBITE databases. Relevant search terms included Amat-c, attention and memory, and childhood ABI. RESULTS: Our literature search identified 7 articles that described 5 separate studies including 61 children in total (mostly TBI)...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Meredith Harbinson, Sareh Zarshenas, Nora K Cullen
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rate of survival from hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI), there is a paucity of evidence on the long-term functional outcomes after inpatient rehabilitation among these nontrauma patients compared to patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To compare functional and psychosocial outcomes of patients with HIBI to those of case-matched patients with TBI 4-11 years after brain insult. DESIGN: Retrospective, matched case-controlled study...
December 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Lenore Hawley, Don Gerber, Clare Morey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a self-advocacy intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel-design, randomized feasibility study. METHODS: Twelve participants, 1-year or more post-ABI (TBI and cerebral vascular accident (CVA)), were randomized into treatment/control groups. The treatment group received a group intervention and workbook; the control group received the workbook only. Outcome measures, taken at baseline, post-treatment and 6-weeks follow-up, included the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and two exploratory measures developed for the study: the Self Advocacy Scale (SAS) and the Personal Advocacy Activity Scale (PAAS)...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Laia Subirats, Raquel Lopez-Blazquez, Luigi Ceccaroni, Mariona Gifre, Felip Miralles, Alejandro García-Rudolph, Jose María Tormos
The objective of this research is to provide a standardized platform to monitor and predict indicators of people with traumatic brain injury using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and analyze its potential benefits for people with disabilities, health centers and administrations. We developed a platform that allows automatic standardization and automatic graphical representations of indicators of the status of individuals and populations. We used data from 730 people with acquired brain injury performing periodic comprehensive evaluations in the years 2006-2013...
August 18, 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
McKay Moore Sohlberg, Gina G Griffiths, Stephen Fickas
PURPOSE: This exploratory study builds on the small body of existing research investigating reading comprehension deficits in college students with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHOD: Twenty-four community college students with ABI completed a battery of questionnaires and standardized tests to characterize self-perceptions of academic reading ability, performance on a standardized reading comprehension measure, and a variety of cognitive functions of this population...
August 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Hileen Boosman, Caroline M van Heugten, Ieke Winkens, Sanne M J Smeets, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
The Motivation for Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Questionnaire (MOT-Q) evaluates motivation for rehabilitation in four subscales: Interest in rehabilitation, Lack of anger, Lack of denial, and Reliance on professional help. The objective of this study was to further validate the MOT-Q in 122 inpatients and 92 outpatients with acquired brain injury (ABI). The main measures were motivation for rehabilitation (MOT-Q), self-awareness (Patient Competency Rating Scale), and treatment motivation (Visual Analogue Scale)...
2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Sara K Simblett, Fergus Gracey, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
OBJECTIVE: The importance of coping style factors in the process of emotional adjustment following acquired brain injury (ABI) has been gaining increased attention. To assess ways of coping with distress accurately, clear conceptual definitions and measurement precision is vital. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a well-known measure of coping, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), for people who have experienced an ABI; and to modify the CISS, where necessary, to create a more reliable and valid measurement tool for this clinical group...
September 2015: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
María Guallart-Balet, Marta P Jiménez-Cortés, Helena Tuquet-Calvo, Carmelo Pelegrín-Valero, Javier Olivera-Pueyo, Sergio Benabarre-Ciria, Javier Tirapu-Ustárroz
INTRODUCTION: The Iowa Rating Scale for Personality Change (IRSPC) presents some features (puts an emphasis on the motivational and emotional functions; evaluates the 'cognitive' executive functions in the daily life; estimates the premorbid personality; values the informant reliability) that make it use really interesting for both clinical and research. AIM: The aim of this study was the Spanish validation of the IRSPC, which evaluates the 'personality changes' secondary to prefrontal cortex brain injury and particularly those located in the ventromedial area...
January 1, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
Per-Ola Rike, Pål Ulleberg, Maria T Schultheis, Anna Lundqvist, Anne-Kristine Schanke
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether measurements of self-regulatory mechanisms and cognition predict driving behaviour after an acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Consecutive follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: At baseline participants included 77 persons with stroke and 32 persons with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), all of whom completed a multidisciplinary driving assessment (MDA). A follow-up cohort of 34 persons that succeeded the MDA was included...
2014: Brain Injury: [BI]
Ian J Gill, Stephen Mullin, Jane Simpson
PURPOSE: Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after acquired brain injury (ABI) is relatively common, its causal mechanisms remain speculative and little research has considered psychological perspectives. The current study aimed to examine whether metacognitive variables were associated with posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) severity in individuals with an ABI. METHODS: Participants who had a traumatic brain injury (n = 47) or subarachnoid haemorrhage (n = 93) completed questionnaires related to demographic, clinical, social support and metacognitive variables...
2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lee-Anne S Costello, Fiona E Lithander, Russell L Gruen, Lauren T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Patients who have sustained traumatic brain injury (TBI) have increased nutritional requirements yet are often unable to eat normally, and adequate nutritional therapy is needed to optimise recovery. The aim of the current scoping review was to describe the existing evidence for improved outcomes with optimal nutrition therapy in adult patients with moderate to severe TBI, and to identify gaps in the literature to inform future research. METHODS: Using an exploratory scoping study approach, Medline, Cinahl, Embase, CENTRAL, the Neurotrauma reviews in the Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative, and Evidence Reviews in Acquired Brain Injury (ERABI) were searched from 2003 to 14 November 2013 using variations of the search terms 'traumatic brain injury' and 'nutrition'...
December 2014: Injury
Mark Theodore Bayley, Robert William Teasell, Dalton Louis Wolfe, Russell Lindsay Gruen, Janice Jennifer Eng, Jamshid Ghajar, Emma Tavender, Ailene Kua, Peter Bragge
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should be based upon the strongest evidence to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Given the challenges, efforts involved, and delays in uptake of evidence into practice, priorities for knowledge translation (KT) should be chosen carefully. An international workshop was convened to identify KT priorities for acute and rehabilitation care of TBI and develop KT projects addressing these priorities. METHODS: An expert panel of 25 neurotrauma clinicians, researchers, and KT scientists representing 4 countries examined 66 neurotrauma research topics synthesized from 2 neurotrauma evidence resources: Evidence Based Review of Acquired Brain Injury and Global Evidence Mapping projects...
July 2014: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Aniko Bartfai, Gabriela Markovic, Kristina Sargenius Landahl, Marie-Louise Schult
BACKGROUND: To describe the design of the study aiming to examine intensive targeted cognitive rehabilitation of attention in the acute (<4 months) and subacute rehabilitation phases (4-12 months) after acquired brain injury and to evaluate the effects on function, activity and participation (return to work). METHODS/DESIGN: Within a prospective, randomised, controlled study 120 consecutive patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury were randomised to 20 hours of intensive attention training by Attention Process Training or by standard, activity based training...
May 8, 2014: BMC Neurology
E Huertas-Hoyas, E J Pedrero-Perez, A M Aguila-Maturana, C Gonzalez-Alted
INTRODUCTION. Hemispheric specialization is a topic of interest that has motivated an enormous amount of research in recent decades. After a unilateral brain injury, the consequences can affect various areas of specialization, leading, depending on the location of the injury, impairment in quality of life and community integration. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional study with a sample of 58 patients, 28 traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 30 cerebrovascular accidents, both lateralized. The level of integration in the community is measured by the Community Integration Questionnaire...
August 16, 2013: Revista de Neurologia
Hugh E J Senior, Lynne McKinlay, Jane Nikles, Philip J Schluter, Sue-Ann Carmont, Mary-Clare Waugh, Adrienne Epps, Owen Lloyd, Geoffrey K Mitchell
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 22,800 children were living with an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) (0.6% of children aged under 15 years) in Australia during 2003. Many children after a traumatic brain injury will experience difficulties with attention and concentration; a condition termed secondary Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. There is conflicting evidence on whether treatment with stimulant therapy with medications such as methylphenidate or dexamphetamine will improve the attention and behavior of children with this condition...
2013: BMC Pediatrics
Charlie S Y Chung, Alex Pollock, Tanya Campbell, Brian R Durward, Suzanne Hagen
BACKGROUND: Executive functions are the controlling mechanisms of the brain and include the processes of planning, initiation, organisation, inhibition, problem solving, self monitoring and error correction. They are essential for goal-oriented behaviour and responding to new and novel situations. A high number of people with acquired brain injury, including around 75% of stroke survivors, will experience executive dysfunction. Executive dysfunction reduces capacity to regain independence in activities of daily living (ADL), particularly when alternative movement strategies are necessary to compensate for limb weakness...
April 30, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"