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TBI ABI research

Laia Subirats, Raquel Lopez-Blazquez, Luigi Ceccaroni, Mariona Gifre, Felip Miralles, Alejandro García-Rudolph, Jose María Tormos
The objective of this research is to provide a standardized platform to monitor and predict indicators of people with traumatic brain injury using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and analyze its potential benefits for people with disabilities, health centers and administrations. We developed a platform that allows automatic standardization and automatic graphical representations of indicators of the status of individuals and populations. We used data from 730 people with acquired brain injury performing periodic comprehensive evaluations in the years 2006-2013...
August 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
McKay Moore Sohlberg, Gina G Griffiths, Stephen Fickas
PURPOSE: This exploratory study builds on the small body of existing research investigating reading comprehension deficits in college students with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHOD: Twenty-four community college students with ABI completed a battery of questionnaires and standardized tests to characterize self-perceptions of academic reading ability, performance on a standardized reading comprehension measure, and a variety of cognitive functions of this population...
August 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Hileen Boosman, Caroline M van Heugten, Ieke Winkens, Sanne M J Smeets, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
The Motivation for Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Questionnaire (MOT-Q) evaluates motivation for rehabilitation in four subscales: Interest in rehabilitation, Lack of anger, Lack of denial, and Reliance on professional help. The objective of this study was to further validate the MOT-Q in 122 inpatients and 92 outpatients with acquired brain injury (ABI). The main measures were motivation for rehabilitation (MOT-Q), self-awareness (Patient Competency Rating Scale), and treatment motivation (Visual Analogue Scale)...
2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Sara K Simblett, Fergus Gracey, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
OBJECTIVE: The importance of coping style factors in the process of emotional adjustment following acquired brain injury (ABI) has been gaining increased attention. To assess ways of coping with distress accurately, clear conceptual definitions and measurement precision is vital. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a well-known measure of coping, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), for people who have experienced an ABI; and to modify the CISS, where necessary, to create a more reliable and valid measurement tool for this clinical group...
September 2015: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
María Guallart-Balet, Marta P Jiménez-Cortés, Helena Tuquet-Calvo, Carmelo Pelegrín-Valero, Javier Olivera-Pueyo, Sergio Benabarre-Ciria, Javier Tirapu-Ustárroz
INTRODUCTION: The Iowa Rating Scale for Personality Change (IRSPC) presents some features (puts an emphasis on the motivational and emotional functions; evaluates the 'cognitive' executive functions in the daily life; estimates the premorbid personality; values the informant reliability) that make it use really interesting for both clinical and research. AIM: The aim of this study was the Spanish validation of the IRSPC, which evaluates the 'personality changes' secondary to prefrontal cortex brain injury and particularly those located in the ventromedial area...
January 1, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
Per-Ola Rike, Pål Ulleberg, Maria T Schultheis, Anna Lundqvist, Anne-Kristine Schanke
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether measurements of self-regulatory mechanisms and cognition predict driving behaviour after an acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Consecutive follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: At baseline participants included 77 persons with stroke and 32 persons with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), all of whom completed a multidisciplinary driving assessment (MDA). A follow-up cohort of 34 persons that succeeded the MDA was included...
2014: Brain Injury: [BI]
Ian J Gill, Stephen Mullin, Jane Simpson
PURPOSE: Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after acquired brain injury (ABI) is relatively common, its causal mechanisms remain speculative and little research has considered psychological perspectives. The current study aimed to examine whether metacognitive variables were associated with posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) severity in individuals with an ABI. METHODS: Participants who had a traumatic brain injury (n = 47) or subarachnoid haemorrhage (n = 93) completed questionnaires related to demographic, clinical, social support and metacognitive variables...
2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lee-Anne S Costello, Fiona E Lithander, Russell L Gruen, Lauren T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Patients who have sustained traumatic brain injury (TBI) have increased nutritional requirements yet are often unable to eat normally, and adequate nutritional therapy is needed to optimise recovery. The aim of the current scoping review was to describe the existing evidence for improved outcomes with optimal nutrition therapy in adult patients with moderate to severe TBI, and to identify gaps in the literature to inform future research. METHODS: Using an exploratory scoping study approach, Medline, Cinahl, Embase, CENTRAL, the Neurotrauma reviews in the Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative, and Evidence Reviews in Acquired Brain Injury (ERABI) were searched from 2003 to 14 November 2013 using variations of the search terms 'traumatic brain injury' and 'nutrition'...
December 2014: Injury
Mark Theodore Bayley, Robert William Teasell, Dalton Louis Wolfe, Russell Lindsay Gruen, Janice Jennifer Eng, Jamshid Ghajar, Emma Tavender, Ailene Kua, Peter Bragge
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should be based upon the strongest evidence to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Given the challenges, efforts involved, and delays in uptake of evidence into practice, priorities for knowledge translation (KT) should be chosen carefully. An international workshop was convened to identify KT priorities for acute and rehabilitation care of TBI and develop KT projects addressing these priorities. METHODS: An expert panel of 25 neurotrauma clinicians, researchers, and KT scientists representing 4 countries examined 66 neurotrauma research topics synthesized from 2 neurotrauma evidence resources: Evidence Based Review of Acquired Brain Injury and Global Evidence Mapping projects...
July 2014: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Aniko Bartfai, Gabriela Markovic, Kristina Sargenius Landahl, Marie-Louise Schult
BACKGROUND: To describe the design of the study aiming to examine intensive targeted cognitive rehabilitation of attention in the acute (<4 months) and subacute rehabilitation phases (4-12 months) after acquired brain injury and to evaluate the effects on function, activity and participation (return to work). METHODS/DESIGN: Within a prospective, randomised, controlled study 120 consecutive patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury were randomised to 20 hours of intensive attention training by Attention Process Training or by standard, activity based training...
2014: BMC Neurology
E Huertas-Hoyas, E J Pedrero-Perez, A M Aguila-Maturana, C Gonzalez-Alted
INTRODUCTION. Hemispheric specialization is a topic of interest that has motivated an enormous amount of research in recent decades. After a unilateral brain injury, the consequences can affect various areas of specialization, leading, depending on the location of the injury, impairment in quality of life and community integration. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional study with a sample of 58 patients, 28 traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 30 cerebrovascular accidents, both lateralized. The level of integration in the community is measured by the Community Integration Questionnaire...
August 16, 2013: Revista de Neurologia
Hugh E J Senior, Lynne McKinlay, Jane Nikles, Philip J Schluter, Sue-Ann Carmont, Mary-Clare Waugh, Adrienne Epps, Owen Lloyd, Geoffrey K Mitchell
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 22,800 children were living with an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) (0.6% of children aged under 15 years) in Australia during 2003. Many children after a traumatic brain injury will experience difficulties with attention and concentration; a condition termed secondary Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. There is conflicting evidence on whether treatment with stimulant therapy with medications such as methylphenidate or dexamphetamine will improve the attention and behavior of children with this condition...
2013: BMC Pediatrics
Charlie S Y Chung, Alex Pollock, Tanya Campbell, Brian R Durward, Suzanne Hagen
BACKGROUND: Executive functions are the controlling mechanisms of the brain and include the processes of planning, initiation, organisation, inhibition, problem solving, self monitoring and error correction. They are essential for goal-oriented behaviour and responding to new and novel situations. A high number of people with acquired brain injury, including around 75% of stroke survivors, will experience executive dysfunction. Executive dysfunction reduces capacity to regain independence in activities of daily living (ADL), particularly when alternative movement strategies are necessary to compensate for limb weakness...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Renerus J Stolwyk, Marina G Downing, John Taffe, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Nathan D Zasler, Jennie L Ponsford
BACKGROUND: The importance of effectively identifying and managing sexuality issues following acquired brain injury is being increasingly recognized within clinical and research domains. However, a tool specifically developed to measure sexuality following brain injury is yet to be validated. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the reliability and validity of the Brain Injury Questionnaire of Sexuality (BIQS) was evaluated. METHOD: Eight hundred and sixty-five people who had sustained traumatic brain injury participated in this study...
May 2013: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
S McDonald, L Togher, R Tate, R Randall, T English, A Gowland
Many adults with acquired brain injuries, including traumatic brain injuries (TBI) have impaired emotion perception. Impaired perception of emotion in voice can occur independently to facial expression and represents a specific target for remediation. No research to date has addressed this. The current study used a randomised controlled trial to examine the efficacy of a short treatment (three x two-hour sessions) for improving the ability to recognise emotional prosody for people with acquired brain injury, mostly TBI...
2013: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Brian Waldron, Lisa Marie Casserly, Clodagh O'Sullivan
This paper reviews treatment outcome studies on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression and anxiety following acquired brain injury (ABI), including traumatic brain injury (TBI), cerebral vascular accident (CVA), anoxia and neurosurgery. Studies are included for review when the published paper included an anxiety disorder or depression as the treatment focus, or as part of outcome measurement. Relaxed criteria were used to select studies including relevant single-cases, case series and single group studies along with studies that employed control groups...
2013: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Amy Chen, Ksenia Bushmeneva, Brandon Zagorski, Angela Colantonio, Daria Parsons, Walter P Wodchis
BACKGROUND: Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) from traumatic and non traumatic causes is a leading cause of disability worldwide yet there is limited research summarizing the health system economic burden associated with ABI. The objective of this study was to determine the direct cost of publicly funded health care services from the initial hospitalization to three years post-injury for individuals with traumatic (TBI) and non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI) in Ontario Canada. METHODS: A population-based cohort of patients discharged from acute hospital with an ABI code in any diagnosis position in 2004 through 2007 in Ontario was identified from administrative data...
2012: BMC Neurology
Emily Nalder, Jennifer Fleming, Petrea Cornwell, Michele Foster, Tamara Ownsworth, Cassandra Shields, Terry Haines
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of the Sentinel Events Questionnaire (SEQ) for recording key events occurring during the transition from hospital to home following acquired brain injury (ABI) and to examine its participant-proxy agreement. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal design, with the SEQ administered by interview prior to discharge and at 1, 3 and 6-months post discharge. MEASURES: The SEQ records the occurrence and timing of eight events identified through a pilot study and literature review of the transition from hospital to home after ABI...
2012: Brain Injury: [BI]
Michael F Martelli, Nathan D Zasler, Patricia Tiernan
The primary goal in the developing field of community based rehabilitation (CBR) for individuals with TBI / ABI is community participation and integration. At present, CBR is less than clearly defined and is represented by a set of interventions with varied types, degrees of clinical support and models of intervention that are conducted for a diverse and complex set of individuals, situations, deficits and settings. Nonetheless, holistic neurorehabilitation programs should be considered both evidence based and a practice standard...
2012: NeuroRehabilitation
Peter Bragge, Marisa Chau, Veronica Jean Pitt, Mark Theodore Bayley, Janice Jennifer Eng, Robert William Teasell, Dalton Louis Wolfe, Russell Lindsay Gruen
Knowledge of the breadth, nature, and volume of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI) research can aid in research planning. This study aimed to provide an overview of existing TBI and SCI research to inform identification of knowledge translation (KT), systematic review (SR), and primary research opportunities. Topics and relevant articles from three large neurotrauma evidence resources were synthesized: the Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative (129 topics and 1644 articles), the Acquired Brain Injury Evidence-Based Review (ERABI; 152 topics and 732 articles), and the Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence (SCIRE) Project (297 topics and 1650 articles)...
May 20, 2012: Journal of Neurotrauma
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