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cognitive Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#1
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209774/methyl-donor-supplementation-alters-cognitive-performance-and-motivation-in-female-offspring-from-high-fat-diet-fed-dams
#2
Sarah E McKee, Nicola M Grissom, Christopher T Herdt, Teresa M Reyes
During gestation, fetal nutrition is entirely dependent on maternal diet. Maternal consumption of excess fat during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of neurologic disorders in offspring, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and schizophrenia. In a mouse model, high-fat diet (HFD)-fed offspring have cognitive and executive function deficits as well as whole-genome DNA and promoter-specific hypomethylation in multiple brain regions. Dietary methyl donor supplementation during pregnancy or adulthood has been used to alter DNA methylation and behavior...
February 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#3
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198164/influence-of-maternal-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-breast-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-urban-low-income-families
#4
Uma Nayak, Suman Kanungo, Dadong Zhang, E Ross Colgate, Marya P Carmolli, Ayan Dey, Masud Alam, Byomkesh Manna, Ranjan Kumar Nandy, Deok Ryun Kim, Dilip Kumar Paul, Saugato Choudhury, Sushama Sahoo, William S Harris, Thomas F Wierzba, Tahmeed Ahmed, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Josyf C Mychaleckyj
The lipid composition of breast milk may have a significant impact on early infant growth and cognitive development. Comprehensive breast milk data is lacking from low-income populations in the Indian subcontinent impeding assessment of deficiencies and limiting development of maternal nutritional interventions. A single breast milk specimen was collected within 6 weeks postpartum from two low-income maternal cohorts of exclusively breastfed infants, from Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 683) and Kolkata, India (n = 372) and assayed for percentage composition of 26 fatty acids...
February 15, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196574/applying-the-social-ecological-model-and-theory-of-self-efficacy-in-the-worksite-heart-health-improvement-project-plus
#5
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick, Natalie Kim, Donna Lynn, Tyrell McCormick
BACKGROUND: Long-term care (LTC) employees are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Despite the documented benefits of worksite health promotion (WHP) programs for employees and employers and the potential benefits to residents in LTC facilities, LTC employees are rarely offered WHP programs. PURPOSE: The purpose of the intervention described in this article is to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among LTC workers using a physical activity, nutrition, and stress management WHP implemented during paid work time with 98 LTC staff members...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194114/emerging-molecular-pathways-governing-dietary-regulation-of-neural-stem-cells-during-aging
#6
REVIEW
Chiara de Lucia, Tytus Murphy, Sandrine Thuret
Aging alters cellular and molecular processes, including those of stem cells biology. In particular, changes in neural stem cells (NSCs) are linked to cognitive decline associated with aging. Recently, the systemic environment has been shown to alter both NSCs regulation and age-related cognitive decline. Interestingly, a well-documented and naturally occurring way of altering the composition of the systemic environment is through diet and nutrition. Furthermore, it is well established that the presence of specific nutrients as well as the overall increase or reduction of calorie intake can modulate conserved molecular pathways and respectively reduce or increase lifespan...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190990/the-translation-of-lipid-profiles-to-nutritional-biomarkers-in-the-study-of-infant-metabolism
#7
Animesh Acharjee, Philippa Prentice, Carlo Acerini, James Smith, Ieuan A Hughes, Ken Ong, Julian L Griffin, David Dunger, Albert Koulman
INTRODUCTION: Links between early life exposures and later health outcomes may, in part, be due to nutritional programming in infancy. This hypothesis is supported by observed long-term benefits associated with breastfeeding, such as better cognitive development in childhood, and lower risks of obesity and high blood pressure in later life. However, the possible underlying mechanisms are expected to be complex and may be difficult to disentangle due to the lack of understanding of the metabolic processes that differentiate breastfed infants compared to those receiving just formula feed...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187148/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-by-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Ilaria Cova, Simone Pomati, Laura Maggiore, Marica Forcella, Valentina Cucumo, Roberta Ghiretti, Giulia Grande, Fulvio Muzio, Claudio Mariani
AIMS: Analysis of nutritional status and body composition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a University-Hospital setting, recruiting 59 patients with AD, 34 subjects with MCI and 58 elderly healthy controls (HC). Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric parameters (body mass index; calf, upper arm and waist circumferences), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182163/which-is-preferable-for-orthostatic-hypotension-diagnosis-in-older-adults-active-standing-test-or-head-up-tilt-table-test
#9
Ali Ekrem Aydin, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
BACKGROUND: Correct evaluation of orthostatic hypotension (OH) is crucial in geriatric practice, since OH is associated with mortality and morbidity. The study aimed to determine the most appropriate method for measuring blood pressure in transition from supine to upright position in order to diagnose OH in older adults. METHODS: Active standing test (AST) and head-up tilt table (HUT) test as well as comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), including mini-mental state examination or the cognitive state test, mini-nutritional assessment, basic and instrumental activities of daily living, and Tinetti performance-oriented mobility assessment indexes, were performed in 290 geriatric patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178852/young-adults-perceptions-of-calcium-intake-and-health
#10
Michelle L Marcinow, Janis A Randall Simpson, Susan J Whiting, Mary E Jung, Andrea C Buchholz
Many young Canadian adults are not meeting dietary calcium recommendations. This is concerning as adequate calcium is important throughout young adulthood to maximize peak bone mass for osteoporosis prevention. There are limited studies that have explored young adults' perceptions toward calcium and health. Our objectives were to determine young adults' (18-34 years) knowledge of calcium in relation to health, facilitators and barriers to adequate calcium intake, and to explore both their suggestions for individual strategies to increase calcium intake and ways to communicate calcium-related messaging to this population...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176624/vitamin-d-combined-with-resveratrol-prevents-cognitive-decline-in-samp8-mice
#11
Jinbo Cheng, Yehua Rui, Liqiang Qin, Jiaying Xu, Shufen Han, Linxi Yuan, Xuebin Yin, Zhongxiao Wan
Background Vitamin D (VD) and resveratrol (RSV) are two nutritional molecules that have reported neuroprotective effects, and findings from cellular models suggest that resveratrol could potentiate vitamin D's effects. The senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) is a useful model of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related memory impairment. Objective We aimed to explore how the combination of vitamin D with resveratrol would affect memory impairments shown by SAMP8 mice, as well as the potential mechanisms...
February 6, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167496/a-maternal-western-diet-during-gestation-and-lactation-modifies-offspring-s-microbiota-activity-blood-lipid-levels-cognitive-responses-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-yucatan-pigs
#12
David Val-Laillet, Marie Besson, Sylvie Guérin, Nicolas Coquery, Gwénaëlle Randuineau, Ameni Kanzari, Hélène Quesnel, Nathalie Bonhomme, J Elizabeth Bolhuis, Bas Kemp, Sophie Blat, Isabelle Le Huërou-Luron, Caroline Clouard
A suboptimal early nutritional environment (i.e., excess of energy, sugar, and fat intake) can increase susceptibility to diseases and neurocognitive disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate in nonobese Yucatan minipigs (Sus scrofa) the impact of maternal diet [standard (SD) vs. Western (WD) diet] during gestation and 25 d of lactation on milk composition, blood metabolism, and microbiota activity of sows (n = 17) and their piglets (n = 65), and on spatial cognition (n = 51), hippocampal plasticity (n = 17), and food preferences/motivation (n = 51) in the progeny...
February 6, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165366/lychee-seed-saponins-improve-cognitive-function-and-prevent-neuronal-injury-via-inhibiting-neuronal-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Xiuling Wang, Jianming Wu, Chonglin Yu, Yong Tang, Jian Liu, Haixia Chen, Bingjin Jin, Qibing Mei, Shousong Cao, Dalian Qin
Lychee seed is a traditional Chinese medicine and possesses many activities, including hypoglycemia, liver protection, antioxidation, antivirus, and antitumor. However, its effect on neuroprotection is still unclear. The present study investigated the effects of lychee seed saponins (LSS) on neuroprotection and associated mechanisms. We established a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by injecting Aβ25-35 into the lateral ventricle of rats and evaluated the effect of LSS on spatial learning and memory ability via the Morris water maze...
February 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162889/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-council-on-nutrition-appetite-questionnaire-and-its-simplified-versions-and-evaluation-of-their-reliability-validity-and-reproducibility
#14
Yuko Tokudome, Keiko Okumura, Yoshiko Kumagai, Hirohiko Hirano, Hunkyung Kim, Shiho Morishita, Yutaka Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Because few Japanese questionnaires assess the elderly's appetite, there is an urgent need to develop an appetite questionnaire with verified reliability, validity, and reproducibility. METHODS: We translated and back-translated the Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (CNAQ), which has eight items, into Japanese (CNAQ-J), as well as the Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ-J), which includes four CNAQ-J-derived items. Using structural equation modeling, we examined the CNAQ-J structure based on data of 649 Japanese elderly people in 2013, including individuals having a certain degree of cognitive impairment, and we developed the SNAQ for the Japanese elderly (SNAQ-JE) according to an exploratory factor analysis...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#15
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159055/design-of-a-frailty-index-among-community-living-middle-aged-and-older-people-the-rotterdam-study
#16
Josje D Schoufour, Nicole S Erler, Loes Jaspers, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Trudy Voortman, Gijsbertus Ziere, Jan Lindemans, Caroline C Klaver, Henning Tiemeier, Bruno Stricker, Arfan M Ikram, Joop S E Laven, Guy G O Brusselle, Fernando Rivadeneira, Oscar H Franco
OBJECTIVES: To design a frailty index (FI) and evaluate three methods to handle missing data. Furthermore, we evaluated its construct (i.e., skewed distribution, correlation with age and sub-maximum score) and criterion validity (based on mortality risk). STUDY DESIGN: We included 11,539 participants (45± years) from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands. Frailty was measured with a FI, which we constructed based on the accumulation of 45 health-related variables, related to mood, cognition, functional status, diseases and conditions, biomarkers, and nutritional status...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157103/mortality-risk-after-diagnosis-of-early-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-versus-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#17
Ki Jung Chang, Chang Hyung Hong, Kang Soo Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Jeong Dong Lee, Seong Hye Choi, Seong Yoon Kim, Duk L Na, Sang Won Seo, Do-Kwan Kim, Yunhwan Lee, Young Ki Chung, Ki Young Lim, Jai Sung Noh, Jungsik Park, Sang Joon Son
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the risk of mortality in patients with early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) versus those with late-onset AD (LOAD) using a large number of study subjects. We applied propensity score matching (PSM) to minimize confounding biases in the comparison between EOAD and LOAD. METHODS: We obtained data from elderly Korean subjects with AD (n = 3,611) at baseline from the CREDOS cohort study, which was conducted from November 2005 to July 2013...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151010/source-specific-exposure-to-contradictory-nutrition-information-documenting-prevalence-and-effects-on-adverse-cognitive-and-behavioral-outcomes
#18
Chul-Joo Lee, Rebekah H Nagler, Ningxin Wang
Communication scholars have raised concerns that the media present contradictory or conflicting information on health, science, and political issues, speculating that such information may have adverse effects on public cognitions, affect, and behaviors. However, the evidence base for the effects of contradictory messages remains thin. Using nutrition as a case example, this study builds upon this nascent literature by employing a three-wave panel dataset from a survey with a nationally representative sample of American adults...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#19
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138130/physical-inactivity-a-risk-factor-and-target-for-intervention-in-renal-care
#20
REVIEW
Dorien M Zelle, Gerald Klaassen, Edwin van Adrichem, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn, Gerjan Navis
Regular physical activity is associated with an increased quality of life and reduced morbidity and mortality in the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscle mass decrease even in the early stages of CKD, and continue to decrease with disease progression; notably, full recovery is generally not achieved with transplantation. The combined effects of uraemia and physical inactivity drive the loss of muscle mass. Regular physical activity benefits cardiometabolic, neuromuscular and cognitive function across all stages of CKD, and therefore provides an approach to address the multimorbidity of the CKD population...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
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