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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331095/household-food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-morbidity-report-among-school-adolescent-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia
#1
Dessalegn Tamiru, Tefera Belachew
Background Household food insecurity has a substantial contribution to poor health outcomes among young children and adolescents. Food insecurity also affects optimal cognitive development and physiological function of these vulnerable groups. There is a gap of documented data regarding the association of food insecurity and morbidity among school adolescents in Ethiopia. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the interrelationship of household food insecurity and morbidity report among school adolescent in Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322564/can-fortified-foods-and-snacks-increase-the-energy-and-protein-intake-of-hospitalised-older-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
S R Mills, C R Wilcox, K Ibrahim, H C Roberts
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition affects over 44% of hospitalised older people, who often dislike oral nutritional supplements (ONS). This review summarises the evidence for an alternative strategy, using energy and protein dense meals (via fortification) or snacks (supplementation) to increase the dietary energy and protein intake of older inpatients. METHODS: A search was conducted through PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews (May 1996 to May 2016) that used fortification or supplementation to increase the energy or protein intake of patients (mean age ≥60 years) in hospitals or rehabilitation centres...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319408/efficacy-and-safety-of-tremella-fuciformis-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Soonhyun Ban, Suji L Lee, Hyeonseok S Jeong, Soo Mee Lim, Shinwon Park, Young Sun Hong, Jieun E Kim
The efficacy and safety of Tremella fuciformis (TF) as a nutritional supplement were assessed in individuals with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI). Seventy-five individuals with SCI were enrolled in an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of TF (600 mg/day, n = 30 or 1200 mg/day, n = 30) or placebo (n = 15). The primary outcome measure was changes in total scores of the subjective memory complaint questionnaire. The secondary outcome measures were changes in performance on short-term memory and executive functions, which were assessed using standardized cognitive tests...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318084/how-does-frailty-factor-into-mortality-risk-assessment-of-a-middle-aged-and-geriatric-trauma-population
#4
Sanjit R Konda, Ariana Lott, Hesham Saleh, Sebastian Schubl, Jeffrey Chan, Kenneth A Egol
Introduction: Frailty in elderly trauma populations has been correlated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Score for Trauma Triage in the Geriatric and Middle-Aged (STTGMA) is a validated mortality risk score that evaluates 4 major physiologic criteria: age, comorbidities, vital signs, and anatomic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of additional frailty variables to the STTGMA tool would improve risk stratification of a middle-aged and elderly trauma population...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316987/diet-nutrition-and-the-ageing-brain-current-evidence-and-new-directions
#5
Katie Moore, Catherine F Hughes, Mary Ward, Leane Hoey, Helene McNulty
Globally populations are ageing. By 2050, it is estimated that there will be two billion people aged 60 years or over, of which 131 million are projected to be affected by dementia, while depression is predicted to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. Preventing or delaying the onset of these disorders should therefore be a public health priority. There is some evidence linking certain dietary patterns, particularly the Mediterranean diet, with a reduced risk of dementia and depression...
January 10, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316985/cognitive-enhancement-in-old-dogs-from-dietary-supplementation-with-a-nutrient-blend-containing-arginine-antioxidants-b-vitamins-and-fish-oil
#6
Yuanlong Pan, Adam D Kennedy, Thomas J Jönsson, Nortan W Milgram
This study focused on the hypothesis that cognitive decline in aged dogs could be attenuated by dietary supplementation with a nutrient blend consisting of antioxidants, B vitamins, fish oil and l-arginine, referred to hereafter as the Brain Protection Blend (BPB). Baseline cognitive assessment before the start of treatment was used to establish cognitively equivalent control (10·464+2·33 kg) and treatment (12·118+3·386 kg) groups of aged dogs between 9·1 and 11·5 years of age and with body condition score of 5...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314866/spearmint-extract-improves-working-memory-in-men-and-women-with-age-associated-memory-impairment
#7
Kelli A Herrlinger, Kristin M Nieman, Kristen D Sanoshy, Brenda A Fonseca, Joanne A Lasrado, Arianne L Schild, Kevin C Maki, Keith A Wesnes, Michael A Ceddia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementation with a spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) extract, high in polyphenols including rosmarinic acid, on cognitive performance, sleep, and mood in individuals with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). DESIGN: Subjects with AAMI (N = 90; 67% female; age = 59.4 ± 0.6 years) were randomly assigned (n = 30/group) to consume 900, 600, or 0 mg/day (two capsules, once daily) spearmint extract for 90 days, in this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313445/body-composition-metabolism-sleep-psychological-and-eating-patterns-of-overtraining-syndrome-results-of-the-eros-study-eros-profile
#8
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is caused by an imbalance between training, nutrition and resting, and leads to decreased performance and fatigue; however, the precise underlying triggers of OTS remain unclear. This study investigated the body composition, metabolism, eating, sleeping patterns and mood states among participants with OTS. Selected participants were divided into OTS-affected athletes (OTS, n = 14), healthy athletes (ATL, n = 25), and healthy non-physically active controls (NCS, n = 12). Compared to ATL, OTS showed decreased sleep quality (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304748/revisiting-the-link-between-cognitive-decline-and-masticatory-dysfunction
#9
Chia-Shu Lin
Age-related decline in cognitive functions and dementia are major challenges in geriatric healthcare. Accumulating evidence from clinical, epidemiological and animal research suggests that tooth loss may be a risk factor for the decline of cognitive functions. This issue highlights the role of the brain-stomatognathic axis in geriatric medicine. Whether input from the stomatognathic apparatus can affect the brain remains an open debate. By revisiting the evidence published in the past five years, we argue that the hypothesis regarding the association between cognitive decline and masticatory dysfunction should be carefully interpreted...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304069/naso-and-oropharyngeal-bacterial-carriage-in-nursing-home-residents-impact-of-multimorbidity-and-functional-impairment
#10
Anja Kwetkat, Wolfgang Pfister, Diana Pansow, Mathias W Pletz, Cornel C Sieber, Heike Hoyer
OBJECTIVE: From April 2013 to February 2014 we performed a multicentre prospective cross-sectional study in 541 German nursing home residents. We determined pharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (primary objective) and other bacteria (secondary objective) in naso- and oropharyngeal swabs by culture-based standard procedures and explored the influence of multimorbidity and functional status on bacterial carriage. METHODS: Socio-demographic data, vaccination status, multimorbidity, nutrition and functional status defined by Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment were evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298649/an-inflammation-related-nutrient-pattern-is-associated-with-both-brain-and-cognitive-measures-in-a-multiethnic-elderly-population
#11
Yian Gu, Jennifer J Manly, Richard P Mayeux, Adam M Brickman
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggest that dietary factors are associated with Alzheimer's disease, and brain and cognitive health. It is unclear whether inflammation explains this association. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an inflammation-related nutrient pattern (INP) was associated with neuroimaging and cognitive measures of brain health. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study included 330 non-demented elderly (mean age 79 years at MRI scan) participants in a multi-ethnic, community-based cohort study who had information on nutritional intakes (estimated from food frequency questionnaire), circulating C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 (measured by ELISA), MRI scans, and cognition...
January 1, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298634/school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-using-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mohammad Bagherniya, Manoj Sharma, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Safarian, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Vida Bitarafan, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Background Nowadays childhood obesity has become one the most challenging issue which is considered as a principle public health problem all around the world. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact of a 7-month school-based nutrition education intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. Method In this cluster randomized community trial after choosing schools, a total of 172 overweight and obese girl students participated in the study (87 in the intervention and 85 in the control group)...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290349/dxa-assessed-changes-in-body-composition-in-obese-women-following-two-different-weight-loss-programs
#13
Federico Ponti, Valentina Soverini, Andrea Plazzi, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Daniele Mercatelli, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Giuseppe Battista, Giulio Marchesini, Alberto Bazzocchi
OBJECTIVE: Changes in body composition during weight loss programs might have a significant effect on long-term results. The aim of this study was to test these changes by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in obese women enrolled into two different weight loss medical programs. METHODS: We prospectively studied 71 women assigned to either an intensive 3-mo cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or a 1-mo nutritional counseling plan (NCP). All patients underwent DXA whole-body scan before treatment and after 3, 6, and 12 mo...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289386/mortality-risk-factors-in-elderly-patients-in-intensive-care-without-limitation-of-therapeutic-effort
#14
S E Giannasi, M S Venuti, A D Midley, N Roux, C Kecskes, E San Román
OUTCOME: To determine mortality prognostic factors in elderly patients who are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) due to acute critical illness. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: A polyvalent Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital in Argentina. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: We included 249 patients over 65years of age who were consecutively admitted to the ICU and required mechanical ventilation for more than 48hours, between January 2011 and December 2012...
December 27, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277402/early-nutrition-influences-developmental-myelination-and-cognition-in-infants-and-young-children
#15
Sean Deoni, Douglas Dean, Sarah Joelson, Jonathan O'Regan, Nora Schneider
Throughout early neurodevelopment, myelination helps provide the foundation for brain connectivity and supports the emergence of cognitive and behavioural functioning. Early life nutrition is an important and modifiable factor that can shape myelination and, consequently, cognitive outcomes. Differences in the nutritional composition between human breast and formula milk may help explain the functional and cognitive disparity often observed between exclusively breast versus formula-fed children. However, past cognitive and brain imaging studies comparing breast and formula feeding are often: cross-sectional; performed in older children and adolescents relying on parental recall of infant feeding; and generally treat formula-fed children as a single group despite the variability between formula compositions...
December 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274834/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-neurology
#16
Rosa Burgos, Irene Bretón, Emanuele Cereda, Jean Claude Desport, Rainer Dziewas, Laurence Genton, Filomena Gomes, Pierre Jésus, Andreas Leischker, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Kalliopi-Anna Poulia, Jean Charles Preiser, Marjolein Van der Marck, Rainer Wirth, Pierre Singer, Stephan C Bischoff
Neurological diseases are frequently associated with swallowing disorders and malnutrition. Moreover, patients with neurological diseases are at increased risk of micronutrient deficiency and dehydration. On the other hand, nutritional factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Multiple causes for the development of malnutrition in patients with neurological diseases are known including oropharyngeal dysphagia, impaired consciousness, perception deficits, cognitive dysfunction, and increased needs...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258624/a-selenium-species-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-predicts-conversion-to-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-persons-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#17
Marco Vinceti, Annalisa Chiari, Marcel Eichmüller, Kenneth J Rothman, Tommaso Filippini, Carlotta Malagoli, Jennifer Weuve, Manuela Tondelli, Giovanna Zamboni, Paolo F Nichelli, Bernhard Michalke
BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors influencing progression from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's dementia. A potential role of environmental chemicals and specifically of selenium, a trace element of nutritional and toxicological relevance, has been suggested. Epidemiologic studies of selenium are lacking, however, with the exception of a recent randomized trial based on an organic selenium form. METHODS: We determined concentrations of selenium species in cerebrospinal fluid sampled at diagnosis in 56 participants with mild cognitive impairment of nonvascular origin...
December 19, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250439/the-effect-of-deworming-using-triple-dose-albendazole-on-nutritional-status-of-children-in-perobatang-village-southwest-sumba-indonesia
#18
Saleha Sungkar, Asri S Ridwan, Gladys Kusumowidagdo
High prevalence of STH leads to malnutrition, anemia, cognitive impairment, and growth disorders. Triple-dose albendazole 400 mg is a broad-spectrum anthelminthic; however, its effectiveness varies in every region. This study aims to determine the benefits of deworming using triple-dose albendazole on children's nutritional status in Perobatang Village, Southwest Sumba, Indonesia. This pre-post study was conducted in July 2016 and January 2017. Children aged 1-15 years were asked to collect stool for diagnosis of STH infection (Kato-Katz method), were measured for anthropometry status to obtain the nutritional status, and took albendazole 400 mg for three consecutive days...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249963/exploring-the-association-between-alzheimer-s-disease-oral-health-microbial-endocrinology-and-nutrition
#19
REVIEW
Alice Harding, Ulrike Gonder, Sarita J Robinson, StJohn Crean, Sim K Singhrao
Longitudinal monitoring of patients suggests a causal link between chronic periodontitis and the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the explanation of how periodontitis can lead to dementia remains unclear. A working hypothesis links extrinsic inflammation as a secondary cause of AD. This hypothesis suggests a compromised oral hygiene leads to a dysbiotic oral microbiome whereby Porphyromonas gingivalis, a keystone periodontal pathogen, with its companion species, orchestrates immune subversion in the host...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249889/the-effect-of-early-childhood-stunting-on-children-s-cognitive-achievements-evidence-from-young-lives-ethiopia
#20
Tassew Woldehanna, Jere R Behrman, Mesele W Araya
Background: There is little empirical evidence on the effect of childhood malnutrition on children's cognitive achievements in low income countries like Ethiopia. A longitudinal data is thus vital to understand the factors that influence cognitive development of children over time, particularly how early childhood stunting affects cognitive achievement of children up to the age of 8 years. Objective: To examine the effect of early childhood stunting on cognitive achievements of children using longitudinal data that incorporate anthropometric measurements and results of cognitive achievement tests such as Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Cognitive Development Assessment quantitative tests...
2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, YaʾItyoṗyā ṭénā Lemāt Maṣḥét
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