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cognitive Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#1
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
March 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320132/early-markers-of-kidney-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-adults
#2
Yudan Wei, Yinan Kevin Wei, Jianmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Age-related decline in kidney function can be an important risk factor for cognitive impairment in older adults. In this study, we examined several kidney function measures for the association with cognitive function in older adults in hope to identify early and sensitive markers that can be used for the detection or screening for cognitive impairment. METHODS: A total of 1982 older participants (aged ≥60years) in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was analyzed for the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment using multivariate logistic regression and general linear models...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317485/defective-insulin-signalling-mediated-by-inflammation-connects-obesity-to-alzheimer-disease-relevant-pharmacological-therapies-and-preventive-dietary-interventions
#3
Arantxa Rodriguez-Casado, Adolfo Toledano-Díaz, Adolfo Toledano
Recent evidence suggests that obesity, besides being a risk factor for cardiovascular events, also increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Insulin resistance is common in all cases of obesity and appears to be the linkage between both diseases. Obesity, often associated with excessive fat and sugar intake, represents a preclinical stage toward insulin resistance during which nutrition intervention is likely to have maximum effect. In this way, healthy lifestyles lifetime to prevent obesity-related modifiable risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress and metabolic disorders could be simultaneously beneficial for preserving cognition and controlling the Alzheimer's...
March 16, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315893/ying-yang-bao-improving-complementary-feeding-for-chinese-infants-in-poor-regions
#4
Junsheng Huo
Ying Yang Bao (YYB), a complementary food supplement, has helped to rapidly improve the nutrition status of infants and young children in poor rural regions in China. The first YYB study was performed in 2001 by the International Life Sciences Institute, the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Nestlé. In 2008, the establishment of national standards for complementary food supplements stimulated implementation of about 15 nutrition intervention projects in poor rural counties in which YYB was applied to infants and young children as home fortification for complementary feeding...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303161/a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies-examining-nutritional-and-herbal-therapies-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-using-neuroimaging-methods-study-characteristics-and-intervention-efficacy
#5
REVIEW
Genevieve Z Steiner, Danielle C Mathersul, Freya MacMillan, David A Camfield, Nerida L Klupp, Sai W Seto, Yong Huang, Mark I Hohenberg, Dennis H Chang
Neuroimaging facilitates the assessment of complementary medicines (CMs) by providing a noninvasive insight into their mechanisms of action in the human brain. This is important for identifying the potential treatment options for target disease cohorts with complex pathophysiologies. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate study characteristics, intervention efficacy, and the structural and functional neuroimaging methods used in research assessing nutritional and herbal medicines for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298276/early-life-nutritional-programming-of-cognition-the-fundamental-role-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-mediating-the-relation-between-early-life-environment-and-learning-and-memory-process
#7
REVIEW
Laura Moody, Hong Chen, Yuan-Xiang Pan
The perinatal period is a window of heightened plasticity that lays the groundwork for future anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral outcomes. During this time, maternal diet plays a pivotal role in the maturation of vital organs and the establishment of neuronal connections. However, when perinatal nutrition is either lacking in specific micro- and macronutrients or overloaded with excess calories, the consequences can be devastating and long lasting. The brain is particularly sensitive to perinatal insults, with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders having been linked to a poor in utero environment...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295577/higher-growth-fat-and-fat-free-masses-correlate-with-larger-cerebellar-volumes-in-preterm-infants-at-term
#8
Giulia Paviotti, Angela De Cunto, Floriana Zennaro, Giulia Boz, Laura Travan, Gabriele Cont, Jenny Bua, Sergio Demarini
AIM: Smaller cerebellar volumes in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at term have been related to adverse cognitive outcomes and this study evaluated whether these volumes were associated with a growth in body composition during hospital stays. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 42 VLBW infants from an Italian neonatal unit between January 2013 and August 2015. Cerebellar volumes and body composition were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and air-displacement plethysmography, respectively, at 40 weeks of gestational age and anthropometric and nutritional data were collected...
March 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294052/iodine-deficiency-and-iodine-prophylaxis-in-pregnancy
#9
Małgorzata Trofimiuk-Müdlner, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Physiological changes in pregnancy result in increased iodine demand, which may not be met in areas of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency or borderline sufficiency. As a pregnant woman is the only source of thyroid hormones for her child during early gestation, iodine deficiency-induced hypothyroxinemia may have deleterious effects on fetal development. OBJECTIVE: To present the current approach to iodine deficiency and its prophylaxis during pregnancy...
March 9, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291859/short-dental-implants-retaining-two-implant-mandibular-overdentures-in-very-old-dependent-patients-radiologic-and-clinical-observation-up-to-5-years
#10
Sabrina Maniewicz, Ramona Buser, Elena Duvernay, Lydia Vazquez, Angelica Loup, Thomas V Perneger, Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller
PURPOSE: To describe the survival rate and peri-implant bone loss in very old patients dependent for their activities of daily living (ADL), treated with mandibular two-implant overdentures (IODs) in the context of a previously reported randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 patients received two interforaminal Straumann implants (Regular Neck, 4.1 mm diameter, 8 mm length) that were subsequently loaded with Locator attachments, transforming their preexisting inferior conventional denture into an IOD...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289812/the-icm-research-agenda-on-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#11
Nicola Latronico, Margaret Herridge, Ramona O Hopkins, Derek Angus, Nicholas Hart, Greet Hermans, Theodore Iwashyna, Yaseen Arabi, Giuseppe Citerio, E Wesley Ely, Jesse Hall, Sangeeta Mehta, Kathleen Puntillo, Johannes Van den Hoeven, Hannah Wunsch, Deborah Cook, Claudia Dos Santos, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jean-Louis Vincent, Greet Van den Berghe, Elie Azoulay, Dale M Needham
We present areas of uncertainty concerning intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) and identify areas for future research. Age, pre-ICU functional and cognitive state, concurrent illness, frailty, and health trajectories impact outcomes and should be assessed to stratify patients. In the ICU, early assessment of limb and diaphragm muscle strength and function using nonvolitional tests may be useful, but comparison with established methods of global and specific muscle strength and physical function and determination of their reliability and normal values would be important to advance these techniques...
March 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289243/use-of-standard-risk-screening-and-assessment-forms-to-prevent-harm-to-older-people-in-australian-hospitals-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Bernice Redley, Michelle Raggatt
BACKGROUND: Standard risk screening and assessment forms are frequently used in strategies to prevent harm to older people in hospitals. Little is known about good practices for their use. OBJECTIVE: Scope the preventable harms addressed by standard forms used to screen and assess older people and how standard forms are operationalised in hospitals across Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Mixed methods study: (1) cross-sectional audit of the standard risk screening and assessment forms used to assess older people at 11 health services in 2015; (2) nine focus groups with a purposive sample of 69 participants at 9 health services...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#13
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288702/the-oil-rich-alga-schizochytrium-sp-as-a-dietary-source-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-improves-shape-discrimination-learning-associated-with-visual-processing-in-a-canine-model-of-senescence
#14
K B Hadley, J Bauer, N W Milgram
Whole cell Schizochytrium sp. is a rich source of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an important nutrient for brain health. Aged beagle dogs experienced on a visuospatial task of working memory, variable-delay delayed-non-matching-to-position were used to assess efficacy of DHA-rich microalgae based upon DHA wt% of total phospholipids and 8-iso-PGF2α concentrations in plasma, and performance on cognitive assessments of visual object discrimination, learning, and memory consolidation after 25 weeks on fortified diet...
March 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#15
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285468/progress-in-nurturing-human-well-being
#16
EDITORIAL
Anthony Biglan, Ronald Prinz
Substantial evidence in the behavioral and social sciences has accrued in support of numerous intervention programs and policies bearing on improving the lives of children and families. To this end, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review features a special journal issue on "Evolving Toward a More Nurturing Society." The field has achieved numerous advances regarding how to create and promote nurturing environments that foster successful development and prevent psychological and behavioral problems in children and youth...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278357/factors-associated-with-the-health-and-cognition-of-6-8-year-old-children-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
Oluwakemi R Ajayi, Glenda Matthews, Myra Taylor, Jane Kvalsvig, Leslie L Davidson, Shuaib Kauchali, Claude A Mellins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate 6-8 year-old children's health, nutritional status and cognitive development in a predominantly rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: Cohort study of 1383 children investigating the association of demographic variables (area of residence, sex, pre- school education, HIV status, height for age and haemoglobin level) and family variables (socioeconomic status, maternal and paternal level of education), with children's cognitive performance...
March 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276905/nutritional-assessment-and-intervention-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-practical-approach
#18
Elena Scarpato, Annamaria Staiano, Massimo Molteni, Gaetano Terrone, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Carlo Agostoni
Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with the presence of feeding disorders in almost 60% of the affected children with subsequent undernutrition reported in up to 46% of the subjects. Since undernutrition may have a detrimental impact on physical and cognitive development, the introduction of an adequate nutritional support should always be considered in children with neurological impairment. The aim of the present review is to provide a practical guide to the assessment of nutritional status in children with CP, in order to identify individuals at risk for malnutrition that need the introduction of an adequate and personalized nutritional support...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273591/the-efficacy-of-a-nutrition-education-intervention-to-prevent-risk-of-malnutrition-for-dependent-elderly-patients-receiving-home-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sílvia Fernández-Barrés, Montse García-Barco, Josep Basora, Teresa Martínez, Roser Pedret, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a nutrition education intervention included in the Home Care Program for caregivers to prevent the increasing risk of malnutrition of dependent patients at risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Randomized controlled multicenter trial of 6 months of duration and 12 months follow-up. SETTINGS: 10 Primary Care Centers, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Patients enrolled in the Home Care Program between January 2010 and March 2012, who were dependent and at risk of malnutrition, older than 65, and had caregivers (n=190)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271742/the-moderating-effect-of-motivation-on-health-related-decision-making
#20
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVE: This study identifies how autonomous and controlled motivation moderates the cognitive process that drives the adoption of personalised nutrition services. The cognitive process comprises perceptions of privacy risk, personalisation benefit, and their determinants. DESIGN: Depending on their level of autonomous and controlled motivation, participants (N = 3453) were assigned to one of four motivational orientations, which resulted in a 2 (low/high autonomous motivation) × 2 (low/high controlled motivation) quasi-experimental design...
March 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
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