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cognitive Nutrition

Natane Daiana Silva Sousa, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Nathalie de Almeida Silva, Maria do Carmo Eulálio, Adriana de Azevedo Paiva
The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and the correlation between the concentration of hemoglobin and cognitive factors in an elderly population group resident in Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil. It was a cross-sectional study with individuals aged 60 or older. Men with hemoglobin levels <13 g / dL and women with levels <12 g / dL were considered anemic. Sociodemographic, cognitive condition and nutritional status variables were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by means of simple and multiple linear regression...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Beatrice J Edwards, Xiaotao Zhang, Ming Sun, Holly M Holmes, Leena Ketonen, Nandita Guha, Peter Khalil, Juhee Song, Shelli Kesler, Jay B Shah, Debasish Tripathy, Vicente Valero, Richard E Champlin
OBJECTIVE: To assess cognitive function in older adults undergoing cancer care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, in older adults undergoing cancer care. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were conducted prior to surgery, chemotherapy or allogeneic stem cell transplantation, at the Program for Healthy Aging from January 1, 2013 through March 31, 2015. Cognitive assessment was conducted through personal and family interview, and the Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Kate Laver, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Megan Corlis, Julie Ratcliffe, Wendy Shulver, Maria Crotty
Objectives Health services worldwide are increasingly adopting consumer directed care approaches. Traditionally, consumer directed care models have been implemented in home care services and there is little guidance as to how to implement them in residential care. This study used a citizens' jury to elicit views of members of the public regarding consumer directed care in residential care. Methods A citizens' jury involving 12 members of the public was held over two days in July 2016, exploring the question: For people with dementia living in residential care facilities, how do we enable increased personal decision making to ensure that care is based on their needs and preferences? Jury members were recruited through a market research company and selected to be broadly representative of the general public...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Eva-Maria Strasser, Marlene Hofmann, Bernhard Franzke, Barbara Schober-Halper, Stefan Oesen, Waltraud Jandrasits, Alexandra Graf, Markus Praschak, Barbara Horvath-Mechtler, Christine Krammer, Martin Ploder, Norbert Bachl, Michael Quittan, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Barbara Wessner
BACKGROUND: Age related loss of skeletal muscle mass is accompanied by changes in muscle quality leading to impairment of functional status. AIM: This study investigated the effect of resistance training and nutritional supply on muscle mass and muscle quality in very old institutionalized adults. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, multi-arm parallel and controlled intervention study. SETTING: This study was conducted in five retirement care facilities...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Josyf C Mychaleckyj, Uma Nayak, E Ross Colgate, Dadong Zhang, Tommy Carstensen, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Tahmeed Ahmed, Alexander J Mentzer, Masud Alam, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, William A Petri
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is the sole nutrition source during exclusive breastfeeding, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) are critical micronutrients in infant physical and cognitive development. There has been no prior genomewide association study of breast milk, hence our objective was to test for genetic association with breast milk FA composition. METHODS: We measured the fractional composition of 26 individual FAs in breast milk samples from three cohorts totalling 1142 Bangladeshi mothers whose infants were genotyped on the Illumina MEGA chip and replicated on a custom Affymetrix 30K SNP array (n=616)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
Chadwick W Christine, Peggy Auinger, Amelia Joslin, Yuora Yelpaala, Ralph Green
BACKGROUND: In moderately advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), low serum vitamin B12 levels are common and are associated with neuropathy and cognitive impairment. However, little is known about B12 in early PD. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of low vitamin B12 status in early PD and whether it is associated with clinical progression. METHODS: We measured vitamin B12 and other B12 status determinants (methylmalonic acid, homocysteine, and holotranscobalamin) in 680 baseline and 456 follow-up serum samples collected from DATATOP participants with early, untreated PD...
March 6, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Cristian Del Bo', Patrizia Riso, Claudio Gardana, Antonella Brusamolino, Alberto Battezzati, Salvatore Ciappellano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vegetarians and vegans are more vulnerable to vitamin B12 deficiency with severe risks of megaloblastic anemia, cognitive decline, neuropathy, and depression. An easy and simple method of supplementation consists of taking one weekly dosage of 2000 μg. However, single large oral doses of vitamin B12 are poorly absorbed. The present research evaluates the ability of two different sublingual dosages of vitamin B12 (350 μg/week vs 2000 μg/week) in improving cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12 ) nutritional status in vegans and vegetarians with a marginal deficiency...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Antoneta Granic, Nuno Mendonça, Tom R Hill, Carol Jagger, Emma J Stevenson, John C Mathers, Avan A Sayer
The population of older adults aged 85 years and over (the very old) is growing rapidly in many societies because of increases in life expectancy and reduced mortality at older ages. In 2016, 27.3 million very old adults were living in the European Union, and in the UK, 2.4% of the population (1.6 million) were aged 85 and over. Very old age is associated with increased risks of malnutrition, multimorbidity, and disability. Diet (nutrition) is a modifiable risk factor for multiple age-related conditions, including sarcopenia and functional decline...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
Kyung-In Joung, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: Whether constitutional low blood pressure (BP) causes substantive health problems has been controversial, and subjects with hypotension exhibit a range of symptoms, from mild typical conditions such as tiredness and dizziness to more specific psychological conditions and even cognitive disorders. This study investigated whether low BP is associated with suicidal ideation in the general population. METHODS: Four years of data from the 2010-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used...
March 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
Margaret Armar-Klemesu, Sarah Osei-Menya, Sawudatu Zakariah-Akoto, Alison Tumilowicz, James Lee, Christine Hotz
BACKGROUND: Understanding the context of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is recognized as essential for designing appropriate complementary feeding interventions. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to study household IYCF behaviors in 2 districts in southern and northern Ghana to identify opportunities to improve existing nutrition programs. METHODS: We interviewed 80 caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months using ethnographic methods, including free listing, guided discussions and cognitive mapping techniques, and 24-hour dietary recall...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
K Motokawa, Y Watanabe, A Edahiro, M Shirobe, M Murakami, T Kera, H Kawai, S Obuchi, Y Fujiwara, K Ihara, Y Tanaka, H Hirano
Providing older person individuals with an appropriate intervention at the time of frailty onset is important to prevent the progression of the condition and the need for long-term care. However, the proper timing of starting nutritional and dietary interventions for frail older person subjects has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study, we aimed to clarify the association between frailty and dietary variety among older persons in Japan. We surveyed sex, age, body height, body weight, body mass index, serum albumin level, dietary variety, and nutritional intake indexes in 747 community-dwelling older person individuals who underwent a comprehensive health examination in October 2014...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A David Smith, Helga Refsum, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Michael Fenech, Babak Hooshmand, Andrew McCaddon, Joshua W Miller, Irwin H Rosenberg, Rima Obeid
Identification of modifiable risk factors provides a crucial approach to the prevention of dementia. Nutritional or nutrient-dependent risk factors are especially important because dietary modifications or use of dietary supplements may lower the risk factor level. One such risk factor is a raised concentration of the biomarker plasma total homocysteine, which reflects the functional status of three B vitamins (folate, vitamins B12, B6). A group of experts reviewed literature evidence from the last 20 years...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Márlon J R Aliberti, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia K Suemoto, Juliana A Melo, Sileno Q Fortes-Filho, Marcos D Saraiva, Carolina B Trindade, Kenneth E Covinsky, Wilson Jacob-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine the validity and reliability of a targeted geriatric assessment (TaGA) for busy healthcare settings. DESIGN: The TaGA was developed through the consensus of experts (Delphi technique), and we investigated its construct validity and reliability in a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital specializing in acute care in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N = 534) aged 79...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Po Chung Cheng, Shang Ren Hsu, Shih Te Tu, Yun Chung Cheng, Yu Hsiu Liu
Background: Hypoglycemia occurs in an appreciable number of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are receiving glycemic therapy. Iatrogenic hypoglycemia induces not only complications but also a substantial medical expense. Intervention for relevant risk factors may help avert severe hypoglycemia and enhance quality of life in at-risk individuals. This study investigates the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and plasma glucose concentration during iatrogenic hypoglycemia in people with T2DM...
2018: PeerJ
Brita Askeland Winje, Ingrid Kvestad, Srinivasan Krishnamachari, Karim Manji, Sunita Taneja, David C Bellinger, Nita Bhandari, Shruti Bisht, Anne Marie Darling, Christopher P Duggan, Wafaie Fawzi, Mari Hysing, Tivendra Kumar, Anura V Kurpad, Christopher R Sudfeld, Erling Svensen, Susan Thomas, Tor A Strand
INTRODUCTION: As many as 250 million children under the age of 5 may not be reaching their full developmental potential partly due to poor nutrition during pregnancy and the first 2 years of life. Micronutrients, including vitamin B12 , are important for the development of brain structure and function; however, the timing, duration and severity of deficiencies may alter the impact on functional development outcomes. Consequently, to fully explore the effect of vitamin B12 on cognitive function, it is crucial to measure neurodevelopment at different ages, in different populations and with vitamin B12 supplementation at different times during the critical periods of neurodevelopment...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Andreas W Schoenenberger, André Moser, Dominic Bertschi, Peter Wenaweser, Stephan Windecker, Thierry Carrel, Andreas E Stuck, Stefan Stortecky
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate whether frailty improves mortality prediction in combination with the conventional scores. BACKGROUND: European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) or Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score have not been evaluated in combined models with frailty for mortality prediction after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: This prospective cohort comprised 330 consecutive TAVR patients ≥70 years of age...
February 26, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Yifan Duan, Zhenyu Yang, Jianqiang Lai, Dongmei Yu, Suying Chang, Xuehong Pang, Shan Jiang, Huanmei Zhang, Ye Bi, Jie Wang, Robert W Scherpbier, Liyun Zhao, Shian Yin
Appropriate infant and young child feeding could reduce morbidity and mortality and could improve cognitive development of children. However, nationwide data on exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess current exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China. A national representative survey (Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey) of children aged under 6 years was done in 2013. Stratified multistage cluster sampling was used to select study participants...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
Dong-Yi Hsieh, Jen-Wen Hung, Ku-Chou Chang, Yu-Ching Huang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Hsiu-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke results in high mortality with tremendous health care burden. Malnutrition is frequently observed in patients after stroke. This study was designed to explore the nutritional status in the acute stage of stroke aiming at exploring factors related to malnutrition after stroke. METHODS: This was a hospital based, prospective, observational study recruiting cerebrovascular diseases patients hospitalized for acute management. Patients suffered from all kinds of cerebrovascular diseases hospitalized for management within 30 days after onset were consecutively recruited in the study hospitals...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
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