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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644032/receptor-and-microenvironment-dual-recognizable-nanogel-for-targeted-chemotherapy-of-highly-metastatic-malignancy
#1
Jinjin Chen, Jianxun Ding, Weiguo Xu, Tianmeng Sun, Haihua Xiao, Xiuli Zhuang, Xuesi Chen
Targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to the desired lesion sites is the main objective in malignancy treatment, especially in highly metastatic malignancies. However, extensive studies around the world on traditional targeting strategies of recognizing either over-expressed receptors or microenvironments in tumors show great limitations, owing to the off-target effect and tumor homogeneity. Integration of both receptor-mediated targeting (RMT) and environment-mediated targeting (EMT) enhances the tumor accumulation and subsequent cell uptake at the same time, which may avoid these limitations...
June 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643406/prussian-blue-nanocubes-with-an-open-framework-structure-coated-with-pedot-as-high-capacity-cathodes-for-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#2
Dawei Su, Michael Cortie, Hongbo Fan, Guoxiu Wang
It is shown that Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) can be a very competitive sulfur host for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Sulfur stored in the large interstitial sites of a PBA host can take advantage of reversible and efficient insertion/extraction of both Li(+) and electrons, due to the well-trapped mobile dielectron redox centers in the well-defined host. It is demonstrated that Na2 Fe[Fe(CN)6 ] has a large open framework, and as a cathode, it both stores sulfur and acts as a polysulfide diffusion inhibitor based on the Lewis acid-base bonding effect...
June 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630443/chemical-chaperone-tudca-unlike-pba-mitigates-protein-aggregation-efficiently-and-resists-er-and-non-er-stress-induced-hepg2-cell-death
#3
Jagadeesh Kumar Uppala, Amina R Gani, Kolluru V A Ramaiah
Stress induced BSA (bovine serum albumin) protein aggregation is effectively mitigated in vitro by TUDCA (tauroursodeoxycholic acid) than by PBA (4- phenylbutyric acid), chemical chaperones approved by FDA for the treatment of biliary cirrhosis and urea cycle disorders respectively. TUDCA, unlike PBA, enhances trypsin mediated digestion of BSA. TUDCA activates PERK, an ER-resident kinase that phosphorylates the alpha-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor2 (eIF2α) and promotes the expression of activated transcription factor 4 (ATF4) in HepG2 cells...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622016/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-is-involved-in-nucleus-pulposus-degeneration-and-attenuates-low-ph-induced-apoptosis-of-rat-nucleus-pulposus-cells
#4
Zhi-Yang Xie, Lu Chen, Feng Wang, Lei Liu, Cong Zhang, Kun Wang, Feng Cai, Arjun Sinkemanni, Xin Hong, Xiao-Tao Wu
The microenvironment of degenerative intervertebral disk (IVD) is characteristic of a high concentration of lactic acid and low pH levels, whereas the underlying mechanism has not been clearly defined. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the hub of interactions between environmental signals and cellular biological functions, the malfunction of which is closely involved in the pathogenesis of multiple disorders, including IVD degeneration (IVDD). This research mainly aims at exploring what role ER stress plays in the natural process of IVDD and pH-induced apoptosis of rat nucleus pulposus (NP) cells (NPCs)...
June 16, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610689/experimental-assessment-of-proton-dose-calculation-accuracy-in-inhomogeneous-media
#5
J Sorriaux, M Testa, H Paganetti, J Orban de Xivry, J A Lee, E Traneus, K Souris, S Vynckier, E Sterpin
PURPOSE: Proton therapy with Pencil Beam Scanning (PBS) has the potential to improve radiotherapy treatments. Unfortunately, its promises are jeopardized by the sensitivity of the dose distributions to uncertainties, including dose calculation accuracy in inhomogeneous media. Monte Carlo dose engines (MC) are expected to handle heterogeneities better than analytical algorithms like the pencil-beam convolution algorithm (PBA). In this study, an experimental phantom has been devised to maximize the effect of heterogeneities and to quantify the capability of several dose engines (MC and PBA) to handle these...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606465/ubiquitin-proteasome-system-and-er-stress-in-the-retina-of-diabetic-rats
#6
Karnam Shruthi, Singareddy Sreenivasa Reddy, Geereddy Bhanuprakash Reddy
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most frequently occurring complication of diabetes. Alterations in ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) have been associated with several degenerative disorders. Hence, in this study, we investigated the status and role of UPS and ER stress in the retina of diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in rats by streptozotocin. Retinal markers, ER stress markers, components of UPS, ERAD, and autophagy were analyzed after 2- and 4-months of diabetes...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602580/a-comparison-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-infrapopliteal-disease-randomised-to-vein-bypass-or-plain-balloon-angioplasty-in-the-bypass-vs-angioplasty-in-severe-ischaemia-of-the-leg-basil-trial
#7
M A Popplewell, H O B Davies, J Narayanswami, M Renton, A Sharp, G Bate, S Patel, J Deeks, A W Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare outcomes in a subgroup of patients with infrapopliteal (IP) disease randomised to infrapopliteal vein bypass (VB) or plain balloon angioplasty (PBA) in the original BASIL trial. METHODS: A comparison of outcomes from patients randomised to VB or PBA undergoing revascularisation for severe limb ischaemia (SLI) because of IP disease with or without femoropopliteal disease. Data were extracted from case report forms from the BASIL trial...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594326/er-retention-is-imposed-by-copii-protein-sorting-and-attenuated-by-4-phenylbutyrate
#8
Wenfu Ma, Elena Goldberg, Jonathan Goldberg
Native cargo proteins exit the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in COPII-coated vesicles, whereas resident and misfolded proteins are substantially excluded from vesicles by a retention mechanism that remains unresolved. We probed the ER retention process using the proteostasis regulator 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA), which we show targets COPII protein to reduce the stringency of retention. 4-PBA competes with p24 proteins to bind COPII. When p24 protein uptake is blocked, COPII vesicles package resident proteins and an ER-trapped mutant LDL receptor...
June 8, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572273/laughter-crying-and-sadness-in-als
#9
Nimish J Thakore, Erik P Pioro
BACKGROUND: Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is prevalent in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but there is limited information on its associations and course. OBJECTIVES: Explore prevalence, associations, course and manifestations of PBA in outpatient cohort of patients with ALS and examine its relationship to depression. METHODS: Self-reported measures of PBA and depression (Center for Neurologic Study-Lability Scale (CNS-LS) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively) were obtained from consecutive patients with ALS using tablet devices in waiting rooms (Knowledge Program)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570041/prussian-blue-analogue-with-fast-kinetics-through-electronic-coupling-for-sodium-ion-batteries
#10
Ping Nie, Jiaren Yuan, Jie Wang, Zaiyuan Le, Guiyin Xu, Liang Hao, Gang Pang, Yuting Wu, Hui Dou, Xiaohong Yan, Xiaogang Zhang
Alternative battery systems based on the chemistry of sodium are being considered to offer sustainability and cost-effectiveness. Herein, a simple and new method is demonstrated to enable nickel hexacyanoferrate (NiHCF) Prussian blue analogues (PBA) nanocrystals to be an excellent host for sodium ion storage by functionalization with redox guest molecule. The method is achieved by using NiHCF PBA powders infiltrated with the 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinododimethane (TCNQ) solution. Experimental and ab initio calculations results suggest that TCNQ molecule bridging with Fe atoms in NiHCF Prussian blue analogue leads to electronic coupling between TCNQ molecules and NiHCF open-framework, which functions as an electrical highway for electron motion and conductivity enhancement...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549333/endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-and-camp-pka-pathway-mediated-zn-induced-hepatic-lipolysis
#11
Yu-Feng Song, Christer Hogstrand, Chuan-Chuan Wei, Kun Wu, Ya-Xiong Pan, Zhi Luo
The present study was performed to determine the effect of Zn exposure influencing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, explore the underlying molecular mechanism of Zn-induced hepatic lipolysis in a fish species of significance for aquaculture, yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. We found that waterborne Zn exposure evoked ER stress and unfolded protein response (UPR), and activated cAMP/PKA pathway, and up-regulated hepatic lipolysis. The increase in ER stress and lipolysis were associated with activation of cAMP/PKA signaling pathway...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545881/high-fat-diet-and-saturated-fatty-acid-palmitate-inhibits-igf-1-function-in-chondrocytes
#12
S A Nazli, R F Loeser, S Chubinskaya, J S Willey, R R Yammani
INTRODUCTION: Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) promotes matrix synthesis and cell survival in cartilage. Chondrocytes from aged and osteoarthritic cartilage have a reduced response to IGF-1. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of free fatty acids (FFA) present in a high-fat diet on IGF-1 function in cartilage and the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. METHODS: C57BL/6 male mice were maintained on either a high-fat (60% kcal from fat) or a low-fat (10% kcal from fat) diet for 4 months...
May 22, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539253/documenting-the-kinetic-time-course-of-lambda-cyhalothrin-metabolites-in-orally-exposed-volunteers-for-the-interpretation-of-biomonitoring-data
#13
Rania Khemiri, Jonathan Côté, Hamadi Fetoui, Michèle Bouchard
Lambda-cyhalothrin is a pyrethroid pesticide largely used in agriculture. Exposure assessment can be performed by measuring key urinary metabolites. For a proper use of biomonitoring data, it is however important to gain information on the toxicokinetics of these key biomarkers of exposure. A human volunteer study was performed to document the plasma and urinary time courses of major lambda-cyhalothrin metabolites. Seven volunteers ingested 0.025mgkg(-1) body weight of lambda-cyhalothrin. Blood samples were withdrawn prior to dosing and at fixed time periods over the 72 h-period following ingestion and complete urine voids were collected pre-exposure and at pre-established intervals over 84h post-dosing...
July 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531845/artesunate-and-erythropoietin-synergistically-improve-the-outcome-of-experimental-cerebral-malaria
#14
Yunting Du, Guang Chen, Xuexing Zhang, Chunyun Yu, Yaming Cao, Liwang Cui
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a severe neurological syndrome in humans and the main fatal cause of malaria. In malaria epidemic regions, despite appropriate anti-malarial treatment, 10-20% of deaths still occur during the acute phase. This is largely attributable to poor treatment access, therapeutic complexity and drug resistance; thus, developing additional clinical adjunctive therapies is an urgent necessity. In this study, we investigated the effect of artesunate (AST) and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) using an experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) model-C57BL/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA)...
May 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511402/bladder-adenocarcinoma-a-persisting-diagnostic-dilemma
#15
Geetha Vasudevan, Arijit Bishnu, Brij Mohan Kumar Singh, Deepak M Nayak, Pooja Jain
Primary urinary Bladder Adenocarcinoma (PBA) is an uncommon neoplasm and can cause diagnostic difficulties due to histologic similarities with adenocarcinomas of adjacent structures like Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT) and prostate, since involvement of the bladder by metastasis or direct spread can occur. Seven cases of bladder adenocarcinomas were diagnosed during a period of four years in a tertiary care hospital. Patient's age ranged from 26-78 years with a male predilection. Three cases were signet ring type adenocarcinomas, two cases were subtyped as enteric variant, one as mucinous variant and one as adenocarcinoma Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) variant...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501319/association-of-pyrethroids-exposure-with-onset-of-puberty-in-chinese-girls
#16
Xiaoqing Ye, Wuye Pan, Yuehao Zhao, Shilin Zhao, Yimin Zhu, Weiping Liu, Jing Liu
Pyrethroids, a class of ubiquitous insecticides, have been considered as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Female animal studies suggested that early-life pyrethroids exposure might delay puberty onset. However, it remains unclear whether this association applies to human populations. A total of 305 girls at the ages of 9-15 years old were recruited in Hangzhou, China in this study. The concentration of the common metabolite of pyrethroids, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), was analyzed in urine samples to reflect the exposure level of pyrethroids...
August 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500961/influence-of-polyethylene-glycol-on-the-phase-transition-of-poly-butylene-adipate-thin-films-polymorphic-control
#17
Yujing Chen, Isao Noda, Young Mee Jung
Control of the polymorphic crystals formation of poly(butylene adipate) (PBA) is crucial to tailor its performance. In the present study, we investigated the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) with molecular weight of 400 on the polymorphic crystal of PBA thin films using x-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-dependent infrared-reflection absorbance spectroscopy (IRRAS) and two-dimensional correlation analysis (2DCOS). XRD and IRRAS results suggest that the PBA thin film tends to grow α-form crystal with addition of PEG at room temperature...
May 5, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500249/maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-metabolic-stress-response-disorders-in-offspring-hypothalamus
#18
Long The Nguyen, Sonia Saad, Yi Tan, Carol Pollock, Hui Chen
Maternal obesity has been shown to increase the risk of obesity and related disorders in the offspring, which has been partially attributed to changes of appetite regulators in the offspring hypothalamus. On the other hand, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy have been implicated in hypothalamic neuropeptide dysregulation, thus may also play important roles in such transgenerational effect.  In this study, we show that offspring born to HFD-fed dams showed significantly increased body weight and glucose intolerance, adiposity and plasma triglyceride level at weaning...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495084/structural-insight-into-the-active-site-of-mushroom-tyrosinase-using-phenylbenzoic-acid-derivatives
#19
Takahiro Oyama, Atsushi Yoshimori, Satoshi Takahashi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Sato, Takanori Kamiya, Hideaki Abe, Takehiko Abe, Sei-Ichi Tanuma
So far, many inhibitors of tyrosinase have been discovered for cosmetic and clinical agents. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibition in the active site of tyrosinase have not been well understood. To explore this problem, we examined here the inhibitory effects of 4'-hydroxylation and methoxylation of phenylbenzoic acid (PBA) isomers, which have a unique scaffold to inhibit mushroom tyrosinase. The inhibitory effect of 3-PBA, which has the most potent inhibitory activity among the isomers, was slightly decreased by 4'-hydroxylation and further decreased by 4'-methoxylation against mushroom tyrosinase...
April 26, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488455/intracellular-methylglyoxal-induces-oxidative-damage-to-pancreatic-beta-cell-line-ins-1-cell-through-ire1%C3%AE-jnk-and-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway
#20
Chongxiao Liu, Yanhong Huang, Yifan Zhang, Xueru Chen, Xiang Kong, Yan Dong
An increased intracellular methylglyoxal (MGO) under hyperglycemia led to pancreatic beta cell death. However, its mechanism in which way with MGO induced beta cell death remains unknown. We investigated both high glucose and MGO treatment significantly inclined intracellular MGO concentration and inhibited cell viability in vitro. MGO treatment also triggered intracellular advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation, declined mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), increased oxidative stress and the expression of ER stress mediators Grp78/Bip and p-PERK; activated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, which could mimic by Glo1 knockdown...
May 10, 2017: Free Radical Research
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