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Xiefang Yuan, Junyi Wang, Yin Li, Xiang He, Bin Niu, Dehong Wu, Nan Lan, Xiaoyun Wang, Yun Zhang, Xi Dai, Xing Wang, Zhigang Liu, Guoping Li
Constant exposure to allergen triggers destructive type 2 cell-mediated inflammation. The effect of allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT) in maintaining airway epithelial barrier function in asthma remains unknown. In the current study, we showed that SIT maintained airway epithelial homeostasis in mice exposed to dermatophagoides farinae (Der f), which induced increased expression of IL-25, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and airway epithelial apoptosis. Meanwhile, SIT treatment ameliorated airway inflammatory infiltration and hyper-responsiveness in allergic mice...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiao Wang, Le Yu, Bu Yuan Guan, Shuyan Song, Xiong Wen David Lou
Rational design of complex metal-organic framework (MOF) hybrid precursors offers a great opportunity to construct various functional nanostructures. Here, a novel MOF-hybrid-assisted strategy to synthesize Co3 O4 /Co-Fe oxide double-shelled nanoboxes is reported. In the first step, zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67, a Co-based MOF)/Co-Fe Prussian blue analogue (PBA) yolk-shell nanocubes are formed via a facile anion-exchange reaction between ZIF-67 nanocube precursors and [Fe(CN)6 ]3- ions at room temperature...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Merkin Anato, Tsige Ketema
OBJECTIVE: Objective of the study was to evaluate in vivo anti-plasmodial activities of Combretum molle seed extract. METHODS: As a standard protocol, initially the acute toxicity of the plant seed extract was checked following single administration of crude seed extract of the plant at doses 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg. This was followed by evaluation of anti-plasmodial activity of crude seed extract of the plant following a 4 days suppressive test. RESULTS: In acute toxicity study sign of toxicity was not observed...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Liang Zhang, Dongmei Bao, Peng Li, Zhidong Lu, Long Pang, Zhirong Chen, Haohui Guo, Zhihui Gao, Qunhua Jin
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) downregulation has been found to be induced by wear particles in aseptic prosthesis loosening (APL). Osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activation are the main pathological factors associated with APL. However, whether SIRT1 downregulation contributes to the formation and activation of osteoclasts through the induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is unclear. METHODS: To address this, an osteolysis mouse model was used in which animals were treated with the SIRT1 activator, resveratrol (RES), or an ER stress inhibitor, 4-PBA, for two weeks...
May 15, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Changjian Li, Yueqi Wang, Xiaojie Zhang, Xueling Guo, Xiaoxuan Kang, Libo Du, Yang Liu
Carbon dots have attracted considerable attention in the field of biosensors and bioimaging because of their excellent optical performance and low toxicity. However, the cellular uptake of the reported carbon dots generally has a low efficiency, which limits their practical applications. In this study, we reported a novel red fluorescent sulfur and nitrogen co-doped carbon dots with small molecular phenylboronic acid tags (i.e. S, N-CDs-PBA). The S, N-CDs-PBA can be taken up rapidly by PC12 cells in twenty minutes and showed high sensitivity for the detection of Fe3+ ions...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Anna Sadowska-Rociek, Magdalena Surma, Ewa Cieślik
Background: Carbohydrate-rich foods, such as breakfast products, snacks and biscuits because of its nutritional or sensory qualities are an inherent part of human diet. However, their production might contribute to the formation of acrylamide, 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and its esters and glycidyl esters. Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the levels of acrylamide, free and bound 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters in selected carbohydrate-rich, thermal processed products, present on the market in Poland in 2016-2017...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Peter J Pascoe, David J Maggs, Steven R Hollingsworth, Ann R Strom, Kathryn L Good, Sara M Thomasy, Philip H Kass, Erik R Wisner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of retrobulbar anesthesia (RBA) and peribulbar anesthesia (PBA) in dogs. ANIMAL STUDIED: Six adult mixed-breed dogs (18-24 kg). PROCEDURES: In a randomized, masked, crossover trial with a 10-day washout period, each dog was sedated with intravenously administered dexmedetomidine and administered 0.5% bupivacaine:iopamidol (4:1) as RBA (2 mL via a ventrolateral site) or PBA (5 mL divided equally between ventrolateral and dorsomedial sites)...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Li-Li Gu, Zhe-Lun Shen, Yang-Lei Li, Yi-Qi Bao, Hong Lu
Oxymatrine (OMT) often used in treatment for chronic hepatitis B virus infection in clinic. However, OMT-induced liver injury has been reported. In this study, we aim to investigate the possible mechanism of OMT-induced hepatotoxicity in human normal liver cells (L02). Exposed cells to OMT, the cell viability were decreased and apoptosis rate increased, the intracellular markers of oxidative stress were changed. Simultaneously, OMT altered apoptotic related proteins levels, including Bcl-2, Bax and pro-caspase-8/-9/-3...
May 10, 2018: Molecules and Cells
Siyu Qian, Ming Lin, Wei Ji, Huizhen Yuan, Yang Zhang, Zhenguo Jing, Jianzhang Zhao, Jean-François Masson, Wei Peng
MicroRNA (miRNA) regulates gene expression and plays fundamental roles in multiple biological processes. However, if both single strand RNA and DNA can bind with capture DNA on the sensing surface, selectively amplifying the complementary RNA signal is still challenging for researchers. Fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors are small, accurate and convenient tools for monitoring biological interaction. In this paper, we present a high sensitivity microRNA detection technique using phenylboronic acid functionalized Au nanoparticles (PBA-AuNPs) in fiber-optic SPR sensing system...
May 9, 2018: ACS Sensors
Huazhang Guo, Pin Liu, Huaming Li, Chong Cheng, Yong Gao
Amphiphilic supramolecular graft copolymers which can stabilize oil-in-water (o/w) emulsions and enable responsive demulsification were demonstrated in this study. Linear poly[( N, N-dimethylacrylmide)- stat-(3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid)] (PDMA- stat-PAPBA) copolymers with phenylboronic acid (PBA) groups and linear polystyrene homopolymers with cis-diol terminals (PS(OH)2 ) were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. By the homogenization of the biphasic mixtures of an alkaline water solution of PDMA- stat-PAPBA copolymer and a toluene solution of PS(OH)2 homopolymer, stable o/w emulsions could be generated, although neither PDMA- stat-PAPBA nor PS(OH)2 alone was able to stabilize the emulsion...
May 8, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bin Li, Mark E Thompson
Thermally reversible gelation of polymers is of converging interest in both the fundamental research and practical biomedical or pharmaceutical applications. While the block structure is widely reported to favor gelation, there are few studies regarding the behavior of amphiphilic random copolymers. Herein, hydrophobically modified poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) polymers were designed and synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) copolymerization of NIPAM and butyl acrylate (BA)...
May 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Lei Liu, Xiaohua Tian, Yue Ma, Yuqing Duan, Xin Zhao, Guoqing Pan
We report here a novel dynamic biointerface based on mussel-inspired chemistry and reversible covalent chemistry. We first biomimetically designed peptides with catechol-containing sequence and cell-binding sequence at each end. The biomimetic, mussel-inspired peptides were then reversibly bound on a phenylboronic acid (PBA)-containing polymer-grafted substrate through sugar-responsive catechol-boronate covalent interactions. The resultant biointerface is thus capable of dynamic presentation of the bioactivity (i...
May 7, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yu Gu, Fei Huang, Yanling Wang, Chaojin Chen, Shan Wu, Shaoli Zhou, Ziqing Hei, Dongdong Yuan
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) not only prolongs the length of hospital stay, but also seriously affects the patient's survival rate. Although our previous investigation has verified that reactive oxygen species (ROS) transferred through gap junction composed of connexin32 (Cx32) contributed to AKI, its underlying mechanisms were not fully understood and viable preventive or therapeutic regimens were still lacking. Among various mechanisms involved in organs I/R-induced injuries, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related apoptosis is currently considered to be an important participant...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Dong-Hyun Shin, Dong-Gyu Leem, Ji-Sun Shin, Joo-Il Kim, Kyung-Tack Kim, Sang Yoon Choi, Myung-Hee Lee, Jung-Hye Choi, Kyung-Tae Lee
Background: Extended endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may initiate apoptotic pathways in cancer cells, and ER stress has been reported to possibly increase tumor death in cancer therapy. We previously reported that caspase-8 played an important role in compound K-induced apoptosis via activation of caspase-3 directly or indirectly through Bid cleavage, cytochrome c release, and caspase-9 activation in HL-60 human leukemia cells. The mechanisms leading to apoptosis in A549 and SK-MES-1 human lung cancer cells and the role of ER stress have not yet been understood...
April 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
Davide Corinti, Daniele Catone, Stefano Turchini, Flaminia Rondino, Maria Elisa Crestoni, Simonetta Fornarini
Linear ω-phenylalkylamines of increasing alkyl chain length have been investigated employing synchrotron radiation in the photon energy range from 7 to 15 eV. These molecules have received considerable interest because they bear the skeleton of biologically relevant compounds including neurotransmitters and because of the possible interaction between the amino moiety and the phenyl ring. Recently, the contribution of this interaction has been assayed in both neutral and protonated species, pointing to a role of the polymethylene chain length...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Minghua Wang, Longyu Yang, Bin Hu, Jiameng Liu, Linghao He, Qiaojuan Jia, Yingpan Song, Zhihong Zhang
We designed and constructed a novel aptasensor based on the porous nanostructured bimetallic NiFe-oxides embedded with the mesoporous carbon (represented by NiOx FeOy @mC) for sensitively detecting adenosine triphosphate (ATP), of which the porous NiOx FeOy @mC was derived from the hollow NiFe Prussian blue analogue (hollow NiFe PBA) by calcinating under high temperature. Owning to the excellent electrochemical activity originated from the metal oxides and mesoporous carbon and the strong binding interaction between the aptamer strands and the nanostructure hybrid, the formed porous NiOx FeOy @mC composite calcinated at 900 °C exhibited superior sensitivity toward ATP determination in comparison with other porous nanocubes obtained at 500 and 700 °C...
April 24, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Daishun Liu, Honglan Zhu, Ling Gong, Shenglan Pu, Yang Wu, Wei Zhang, Guichuan Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process involved in pulmonary fibrosis. This study aimed to explore the role of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in EMT in human lung epithelial cells. METHODS: Human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were treated with bleomycin and tunicamycin to induce EMT. The proliferation of A549 cells was detected by MTT assay. The expression of HDACs and EMT markers was detected by PCR and Western blot analysis...
April 25, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yiman Li, Yajun Xie, Jin Hao, Jianing Liu, Yating Ning, Qi Tang, Meng Ma, Hang Zhou, Shengdong Guan, Qin Zhou, Xiaoyan Lv
ER-localized proteins have been reported function in endoplasmic reticulum, unfolded protein degradation and destruction of misfolded proteins by the ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD) system, but their function in the chemotaxis of macrophage cells remained un-addressed. Here, we showed that ER protein with ubiquitin like domain 1(Herpud1) was upregulated in IL-4-treated M2 macrophage cells and its expression pattern was similar with macrophage polarization markers, such as Arg1, Mrc1 and Fizz1. Inhibition of Herpud1 by using specific target shRNA decreased these marker's expression at mRNA and protein level in IL-4-treated or -untreated M2 macrophage cells...
April 24, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Kevin M Tyo, Jinghua Duan, Pravallika Kollipara, Mark Vincent C Dela Cerna, Donghan Lee, Kenneth E Palmer, Jill M Steinbach-Rankins
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) affects over 36 million people globally. Current prevention strategies utilize antiretrovirals that have demonstrated protection, but result in antiviral resistance, adverse toxicity, and require frequent administration. A novel biologic, griffithsin (GRFT), has demonstrated outstanding safety and efficacy against laboratory and primary HIV isolates and against intravaginal murine herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) challenge, making it a promising microbicide candidate. However, transient activity and instability remain concerns surrounding biologic delivery, particularly in the harsh environment of the female reproductive tract (FRT)...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
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