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Wojciech Rosikiewicz, Michal Kabza, Jan G Kosinski, Joanna Ciomborowska-Basheer, Magdalena R Kubiak, Izabela Makalowska
Database URL: Secondary database URL:
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Stephanie Dorta-Estremera, Pramod N Nehete, Guojun Yang, Hong He, Bharti P Nehete, Kathryn K Shelton, Michael A Barry, K Jagannadha Sastry
Studies in nonhuman primates (NHP) for prospective immune cell monitoring subsequent to infection and/or vaccination usually rely on periodic sampling of the blood samples with only occasional collections of biopsies from mucosal tissues because of safety concerns and practical constraints. Here we present evidence in support of cytobrush sampling of oral, rectal, and genital mucosal tissues as a minimally invasive approach for the phenotypic analyses of different T cells subsets de novo as well as prospectively after intranasal immunization in rhesus macaques...
2017: PloS One
Melissa R Berg, Rhonda P MacAllister, Lauren D Martin
Inguinal herniation of abdominal viscera is a relatively common condition in both humans and domestic animal species. In captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), the highest incidence occurs in overweight, aged males. However, inguinal herniation of the uterus with bilateral adnexa is extremely rare in both human and veterinary medicine. Here we report a previously undescribed uterine inguinal herniation with bilateral adnexa in a 3-y-old female rhesus macaque. Although uterine herniation remains a rare condition in rhesus macaques, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in animals with unilateral subcutaneous enlargements in the inguinal region...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
Sean C Adams, Christine M Guyot, Kristina M Berry, Seth T Wallack, Andrew S Loar, Mathias Leblanc
A 10-y-old cranially implanted rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) involved in visual research was presented for dull mentation and weight loss. Physical examination revealed alopecia and poor body conditioning, and bloodwork revealed marked hypercortisolemia (23 μg/dL). Differential diagnoses for hypercortisolemia, weight loss, and alopecia included Cushing and pseudo-Cushing syndromes. To further evaluate hypercortisolemia, we compared the urine cortisol:creatinine ratio (UCCR) at baseline and after low-dose dexamethasone suppression (LDDS) testing in the presenting animal and healthy naïve and implanted working monkeys...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
Osbourne Quaye, Sunando Roy, Kunchala Rungsrisuriyachai, Mathew D Esona, Ziqian Xu, Ka Ian Tam, Dina J Castro Banegas, Gloria Rey-Benito, Michael D Bowen
BACKGROUND: Although first detected in animals, the rare rotavirus strain G10P[14] has been sporadically detected in humans in Slovenia, Thailand, United Kingdom and Australia among other countries. Earlier studies suggest that the strains found in humans resulted from interspecies transmission and reassortment between human and bovine rotavirus strains. OBJECTIVES: In this study, a G10P[14] rotavirus genotype detected in a human stool sample in Honduras during the 2010-2011 rotavirus season, from an unvaccinated 30-month old boy who reported at the hospital with severe diarrhea and vomiting, was characterised to determine the possible evolutionary origin of the rare strain...
January 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Juliette Nectoux
Digital PCR (dPCR) approaches have been developed for the detection of nucleic acids of low abundance, such as cell-free DNA, and represent an attractive and sensitive alternative to conventional methods, particularly in the field of non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD). In this review, we present the principle of dPCR and its applications in the field of prenatal diagnosis from current and emerging uses, such as fetal gender determination, rhesus blood group D antigen genotyping, or monogenic disorders prenatal testing, to future applications, such as the diagnosis and monitoring of pregnancy-related disorders...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Ana Rodríguez-Galán, Ahmed M Salman, Georgina Bowyer, Katharine A Collins, Rhea J Longley, Florian Brod, Marta Ulaszewska, Katie J Ewer, Chris J Janse, Shahid M Khan, Julius C Hafalla, Adrian V S Hill, Alexandra J Spencer
A large research effort is currently underway to find an effective and affordable malaria vaccine. Tools that enable the rapid evaluation of protective immune responses are essential to vaccine development as they can provide selection criteria to rank order vaccine candidates. In this study we have revisited the Inhibition of Sporozoite Invasion (ISI) assay to assess the ability of antibodies to inhibit sporozoite infection of hepatocytes. By using GFP expressing sporozoites of the rodent parasite P. berghei we are able to robustly quantify parasite infection of hepatocyte cell lines by flow cytometry...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Preeti Rai, Geetika Sharma, Deeksha Singh, Jyoti Garg
The Rhesus G antigen is present on all RBCs that are C+ and also on most D+ RBCs. Due to this co-distribution of G with either C or D antigen, it mimics a reactivity pattern of anti C + anti D on Indirect Antiglobulin Test (IAT), though the role of Anti G in causing Hemolytic Disease of Newborn (HDN) is controversial. The differentiation of anti D, anti C, and anti G is essential particularly in pregnant females. We hereby report a rare case of anti G with anti D and anti C in a pregnant woman with emphasis on approach to identify anti D+C+G and its implications...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Wei-Zhen Chen, Ying-Mei Li, Xue Yu, Yue Li, Wen-Ke Li, Qing-Ling Wang, Ai-Xin Liang, Xiang Li, Li-Guo Yang, Li Han
DNA vaccines, the third-generation vaccines, were extensively studied. The attenuated Salmonella choleraesuis (S. choleraesuis) was widely focused as a carrier to deliver DNA vaccines in the chromosome-plasmid balanced-lethal system. The efficacy of inhibin DNA vaccine delivered by attenuated S. choleraesuis was proved in mice and cows in our previous studies. In this study, the efficacy of inhibin DNA vaccine was confirmed in rhesus monkeys. To further study the biodistribution and safety, the mice were immunized under laboratory conditions...
December 4, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
D I Staquicini, S D'Angelo, F Ferrara, K Karjalainen, G Sharma, T L Smith, C A Tarleton, D E Jaalouk, A Kuniyasu, W B Baze, B K Chaffee, P W Hanley, K F Barnhart, E Koivunen, S Marchiò, R L Sidman, J E Cortes, H M Kantarjian, W Arap, R Pasqualini
Translation of drug candidates into clinical settings requires demonstration of preclinical efficacy and formal toxicology analysis for filling an Investigational New Drug (IND) application with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Here, we investigate the membrane-associated glucose response protein 78 (GRP78) as a therapeutic target in leukemia and lymphoma. We evaluated the efficacy of the GRP78-targeted proapoptotic drug bone metastasis targeting peptidomimetic 78 (BMTP-78), a member of the D(KLAKLAK)2-containing class of agents...
December 5, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Xufeng Fu, Yaping Yan, Shanshan Li, Junfeng Wang, Bin Jiang, Hong Wang, Yanchao Duan, Tao Tan, Fei Gao, Desheng Gong, Yuyu Niu, Weizhi Ji, Bingrong Zheng, Wei Si
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most promising adult stem cells for clinical application in a cell therapy. The development of large-scale cryopreservation techniques, such as vitrification, for MSCs is a prerequisite for clinical therapies. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol (EG) are two types of cryoprotectants widely used for cell vitrification. However, the effects of DMSO and EG on the biological characteristics and transcriptome profiles of MSCs after cryopreservation remain unknown...
2017: Stem Cells International
William S John, Thomas J Martin, Kiran K Solingapuram Sai, Susan H Nader, H D Gage, Akiva Mintz, Michael A Nader
Cannabis-related impairments to cognitive function may represent novel therapeutic targets for cannabis-use disorder, although the nature, persistence, and reversibility of those deficits remain unclear. Adult male rhesus monkeys (N=6) responded in the mornings on tasks designed to assess different cognitive domains using CANTAB touchscreens followed by responding maintained under a fixed-ratio (FR) 10 schedule of food presentation in different operant chambers. First, the acute effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; 0...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Yan Tang, Chester J Joyner, Monica Cabrera-Mora, Celia L Saney, Stacey A Lapp, Mustafa V Nural, Suman B Pakala, Jeremy D DeBarry, Stephanie Soderberg, Jessica C Kissinger, Tracey J Lamb, Mary R Galinski, Mark P Styczynski
After publication of the article [1], it was brought to our attention that several symbols were missing from Fig. 1, including some cited in the figure's key. The correct version of the figure is shown below and has now been updated in the original article.
December 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
Tara Roth, Rebecca Sammak, Janet Foley
Ectoparasites at primate research centers may be difficult to control, e.g. without exposing non-human primates (NHPs) to toxicants, but their impact on NHP health is poorly understood. In 2010, there was an epizootic of tularemia at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC) in Yolo County, California that resulted in 20 confirmed and suspect clinical cases in outdoors housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta [Zimmermann]) and a 53% seroprevalence in the southern section of the colony. We studied ectoparasite burdens at the CNPRC in order to understand possible conditions at the time of the epizootic and provide data for the management of ectoparasites for the future...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Mansour Al-Askar
Introduction: Although several studies have investigated the relationship between ABO blood group and medical diseases, few reports have explored the association with oral diseases, including periodontal disease (PD). Aim: The aim of this literature review was to assess the association between the ABO blood grouping and PD. Methods: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar databases using the following terms in different combinations: "ABO blood group," "periodontitis," "aggressive periodontitis (AP)," "risk factor," and "Rhesus factor...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
Caralyn Kemp, Harriet Thatcher, David Farningham, Claire Witham, Ann MacLarnon, Amanda Holmes, Stuart Semple, Emily J Bethell
There has been increased recognition of the 3Rs in laboratory animal management over the last decade, including improvements in animal handling and housing. For example, positive reinforcement is now more widely used to encourage primates to cooperate with husbandry procedures, and improved enclosure design allows housing in social groups with opportunity to escape and avoid other primates and humans. Both practices have become gold standards in captive primate care resulting in improved health and behavioural outcomes...
December 2017: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Megan L Hoffman, Michael J Beran, David A Washburn
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether rhesus monkeys remember information about their own agency-along with spatial, temporal and contextual properties-from a previously experienced event. In Experiment 1, rhesus monkeys (n = 4) used symbols to reliably indicate whether they had performed or observed an event on a computer screen. In Experiment 2, naïve and experienced monkeys (n = 8) reported agency information when stringent controls for perceptual and proprioceptive cues were included...
December 1, 2017: Animal Cognition
Lei Na, Yan-Dong Tang, Cuihui Wang, Cong Liu, Xiaojun Wang
TRIM5α is an important host restriction factor which could potently block retrovirus infection. The SPRY domain of TRIM5α mediates post-entry restriction by recognition of and binding to the retroviral capsid. Human TRIM5α also functions as an innate immune sensor to activate AP-1 and NF-κB signaling, which subsequently restrict virus replication. Previous studies have shown that the AP-1 and NF-κB signaling activation relies on the RING motif of TRIM5α. In this study, we have demonstrated that the SPRY domain is essential for rhesus macaca TRIM5α to activate AP-1, but not NF-κB signaling...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Giulia Calenda, Rassamon Keawvichit, Géraldine Arrode-Brusés, Kovit Pattanapanyasat, Ines Frank, Siddappa N Byrareddy, James Arthos, Claudia Cicala, Brooke Grasperge, James L Blanchard, Agegnehu Gettie, Keith A Reimann, Aftab A Ansari, Elena Martinelli
Infusion of a simianized anti-α4β7 mAb (Rh-α4β7) just before and following SIV infection protected rhesus macaques from developing AIDS and partially from vaginal SIV acquisition. Recently, short-term treatment with Rh-α4β7 in combination with cART was found to lead to prolonged viral suppression after withdrawal of all therapeutic interventions. The humanized form of Rh-α4β7, vedolizumab, is a highly effective treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. To clarify the mechanism of action of Rh-α4β7, naive macaques were infused with Rh-α4β7 and sampled in blood and tissues before and after treatment to monitor several immune cell subsets...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Jue Liu, Shikun Zhang, Min Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang
ABO and rhesus (Rh) blood groups play a vital role in blood transfusion safety, clinical practice and are thought to be linked with disease susceptibility. The results from previous studies that focused on the association between blood groups and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remain controversial. China has the world's largest burden of HBV infection. We assessed the distribution of ABO/Rh blood groups in Chinese adults and examined the association between these groups and HBV infection. We did a nationwide cross-sectional study using data from a physical check-up program from 31 provinces examined between 2010 and 2012...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
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