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persistent post operative pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#1
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777846/an-academic-tertiary-referral-center-s-experience-with-a-vascular-surgery-based-uterine-artery-embolization-program
#2
Naiem Nassiri, Adrian Balica, Nolan C Cirillo-Penn, Dustin Tyler Crystal, Gloria A Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite growing endovascular experience within the vascular surgery community, some catheter-based interventions - such as uterine artery embolization (UAE) - remain outside the clinical scope of most vascular surgeons, owing in part to established referral patterns and limited awareness among referring colleagues. We present our experience with a vascular surgery-based, multidisciplinary UAE program at an academic tertiary referral center. METHODS: In a collaborative effort between vascular surgery and gynecology, a Pelvic Vascular Disease Program has been established to provide palliative, prophylactic, and therapeutic embolizations including, but not limited to, UAE...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768929/current-concepts-in-revision-hip-arthroscopy
#3
Renato Locks, Ioanna Bolia, Hajime Utsunomiya, Karen Briggs, Marc J Philippon
Hip arthroscopy is an evolving procedure and its indications have expanded. The number of patients undergoing this procedure has increased significantly as well as the number of surgeons being trained. This has resulted in a notable increase in post-operative complication rates creating the need to develop advanced hip arthroscopic techniques. Revision hip arthroscopy is often complex and many factors should be considered to achieve a satisfactory clinical outcome. Careful pre-operative planning and agreement of expectations between the physician and patient regarding the procedure are important...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724778/pain-as-performance-re-virginisation-in-turkey
#4
Hande Güzel
The literature on pain has so far been primarily interested in chronic pain, medically induced pain and pain as an unwanted experience. However, pain is a more complicated experience and the lines between pain and pleasure are blurred in different contexts. In this paper, these lines are explored within the context of re-virginisation in Turkey by taking to its centre the meanings attached to pain through women's online and offline narratives. Re-virginisation refers to the process women undergo in order to reclaim their virginity due to the expectation that women should be virgins at the time of marriage and to the persistence of the myth that virginity can and should be proved via bleeding during or right after sexual intercourse...
May 3, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593862/surgical-removal-of-fibrous-axillary-seroma-pocket-and-closing-of-dead-space-using-a-lattisimus-dorsi-flap
#5
J van Bastelaar, L M van Roozendaal, M Meesters-Caberg
Seroma formation after axillary dissection is a common problem in breast cancer surgery. We report the case of a 68-year-old female with breast cancer who underwent a wide local excision and axillary clearance due to stage III breast cancer. Patient received post-operative whole breast irradiation therapy and developed a painful, infected seroma one month after surgery. This was treated with antibiotic therapy after which the infection subsided. One year after surgery patient presented with a painful persisting seroma in the left axilla...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569455/laser-labial-frenectomy-a-simplified-and-predictable-technique-retrospective-clinical-study
#6
M Olivi, M D Genovese, G Olivi
AIM: Anomalous maxillary median labial frenum may be associated with undesired effects such as persistence of diastema between anterior teeth or traction of marginal gingiva. The aim of this study was to propose a surgical frenum repositioning technique that is minimally invasive, safe, easy, reproducible, and predictable. Another objective of the study was to identify clinical scenarios that could have indication for labial frenectomy associated with early orthodontic therapy, so as to justify early frenum repositioning in children...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#7
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434817/%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-inhibition-prevents-remifentanil-induced-post-operative-hyperalgesia-via-regulating-glur1-trafficking-and-ampa-receptor-function
#8
Aifen Liu, Xiaopeng Wang, Hui Wang, Guoyi Lv, Yize Li, Hongmei Li
The interaction of remifentanil with glutamate systems has an important role in remifentanil-induced thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia. A previous study by our group suggested that the trafficking and function of glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1) subunits contributes to remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia by regulating the phosphorylation of GluR1 in dorsal horn neurons. The present study demonstrated that δ opioid receptor (DOR) inhibition prevented thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia, which was induced by remifentanil infusion via attenuating GluR1 subunit trafficking and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) function in dorsal horn neurons...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390522/delayed-onset-mycobacterium-intracellulare-keratitis-after-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
JaeSang Ko, Se Kyung Kim, Dong Eun Yong, Tae-Im Kim, Eung Kweon Kim
RATIONALE: Infectious keratitis is a relatively uncommon but potentially sight-threatening complication of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Mycobacterial keratitis is usually regarded as late onset keratitis among post-LASIK keratitis. There has been no documented case of Mycobacterium intracellulare post-LASIK keratitis of a long-latent period. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old man was referred to our out-patient clinic, for persistent corneal epithelial defect with intrastromal infiltration...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385992/symptoms-and-diagnostic-criteria-of-acquired-megacolon-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Tahleesa Cuda, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan de Costa
BACKGROUND: Acquired Megacolon (AMC) is a condition involving persistent dilatation and lengthening of the colon in the absence of organic disease. Diagnosis depends on subjective radiological, endoscopic or surgical findings in the context of a suggestive clinical presentation. This review sets out to investigate diagnostic criteria of AMC. METHODS: The literature was searched using the databases - PubMed, Medline via OvidSP, ClinicalKey, Informit and the Cochrane Library...
January 31, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373141/-the-influence-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-acute-and-persistent-pain-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Sinem Sari, Betul Kozanhan, Ayse Ilksen Egilmez, Aykut Soyder, Osman Nuri Aydin, Fabrizio Galimberti, Daniel Sessler, Alparslan Turan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fluctuations of female sex hormones during menstrual cycle influence pain perception. Endogenous pain inhibition is impaired in follicular phase of menstrual cycle. We tested the primary hypothesis that the women having surgery during their follicular phase have more acute pain and require higher opioids than those in the luteal phase, and secondarily we tested that women who have surgery during their follicular phase have more incisional pain at 3 month postoperatively...
January 16, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334488/severe-intraocular-pressure-elevation-after-intracameral-healon-5-viscoelastic-support-for-postoperative-hypotony-after-xen-gel-stent-insertion
#12
Alice Bruynseels, Freda Sii, Imran Masood, Peter Shah
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to describe (i) a novel case of severe intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation due to intracameral Healon 5 for management of early postoperative (post-op) hypotony following XEN Gel Stent insertion and (ii) the management of this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: A 52-year-old man, with primary open-angle glaucoma and suboptimal left IOP control on maximally tolerated medical therapy, was managed with XEN Gel Stent insertion at another tertiary eye unit...
April 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329140/slit-lamp-needling-of-the-anterior-capsule-for-aqueous-misdirection-after-hyaloido-zonulectomy-and-iridectomy
#13
Pierre G Mardelli, Marc E Mardelli
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of persistent aqueous misdirection, after Ahmed glaucoma valve surgery, despite undergoing an anterior vitrectomy with hyaloido-zonulectomy and iridectomy. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old female patient, 4 months after phacotrabeculectomy, was referred with persistent high intraocular pressure (IOP). Postoperatively, she developed aqueous misdirection with a flat anterior chamber (AC) but with an IOP of 15 mm Hg. On presentation, her AC was shallow with peripheral iris-cornea touch, and her IOP was 39 mm Hg...
April 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325937/histopathologic-analysis-of-tamoxifen-on-epidural-fibrosis
#14
Yasar Ozturk, Ismail Bozkurt, Mesut Emre Yaman, Yahya Guvenc, Tolga Tolunay, Pinar Bayram, Nazli Hayirli, Deniz Billur, Fatma Kubra Erbay, Salim Senturk, Gokhan Bozkurt
BACKGROUND: Epidural fibrosis is a challenging topic in spinal surgery. This phenomenon constitutes one of the main reasons behind postlaminectomy syndrome or failed back surgery syndrome, which leads to persistent back and leg pain in association with compression and/or stretching the nerve root or the dura. The exact mechanism of action in epidural fibrosis is complex and remains uncertain. Excessive deposition of collagen, fibronectin, and dermatan sulfate, known as the "extracellular matrix," and decrease of tissue cellularity results in epidural fibrosis...
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299474/improvement-in-hamstring-and-quadriceps-muscle-strength-following-cruciate-retaining-single-radius-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Jennifer Kurowicki, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Nipun Sodhi, Linsen T Samuel, Morad Chughtai, Martin Roche, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
Background: The ability to reach full functional capacity following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is reliant on the strength of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles. Weakness of these muscles can persist anywhere from 1 to 3 years post-operatively. There remains considerable controversy as to what factors influence restoration of muscle strength after TKA. Implant designs have been implicated in the ability of patients to recover. Currently there is a paucity of literature available describing the influence of patient characteristics, surgical factors, and clinical outcomes on quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength following TKA with a cruciate-retaining, single radius (SR) implant...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290334/efficacy-of-manipulation-under-anesthesia-for-stiffness-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Alex Gu, Adam J Michalak, Jordan S Cohen, Neil D Almeida, Alexander S McLawhorn, Peter K Sculco
BACKGROUND: Knee stiffness following primary total knee arthroplasty can lead to unsatisfactory patient outcomes secondary to persistent pain and loss of function. Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) remains a viable option for treatment of post-operative stiffness. However, the optimal timing and clinical efficacy of manipulation of anesthesia remains unknown. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies that reported clinical outcomes for patients who underwent MUA for post-operative stiffness treatment...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288844/primary-extradural-melanoma-arising-in-cervical-spinal-nerve-root
#17
Cunyi Zou, Wen Cheng, Chen Zhu, Qing Guo, Anhua Wu
BACKGROUND: Primary cervical melanoma is rare; this is especially true of extradural melanoma arising in the nerve root. Characterizing these cases can provide a basis for improved melanoma management. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old female patient with numbness and pain in the right shoulder and arm persisting for 5 years was admitted. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed an epidural ladle-shaped mass shape beyond the C7-T1 intervertebral foramen that resembled a nerve sheath tumor...
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248462/fibroblasts-promote-inflammation-and-pain-via-il-1%C3%AE-induction-of-the-monocyte-chemoattractant-chemokine-c-c-motif-ligand-2
#18
Hannah L Paish, Nicholas S Kalson, Graham R Smith, Alicia Del Carpio Pons, Thomas E Baldock, Nicholas Smith, Katarzyna Swist-Szulik, David J Weir, Michelle Bardgett, David J Deehan, Derek A Mann, Lee A Borthwick
Fibroblasts persist within fibrotic scar tissue and exhibit considerable phenotypic and functional plasticity. Herein, we hypothesized that scar-associated fibroblasts may be a source of stress-induced inflammatory exacerbations and pain. To test this idea, we used a human model of surgery-induced fibrosis, total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using a combination of tissue protein expression profiling and bioinformatics, we discovered that many months after TKA, the fibrotic joint exists in a state of unresolved chronic inflammation...
March 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242787/foot-deformities-in-hajdu-cheney-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ashish B Shah, Breann K Tisano, Osama Elattar, Jackson Rucker Staggers, Sameer Naranje
Introduction: Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by acroosteolysis, wormian skull bones with persistent skull sutures, premature loss of teeth, micrognathia, short stature, hypermobility of the joints, neurologic manifestations such as basilar invagination with subsequent paresthesia, hearing loss, and speech alterations, and osteoporosis with tendency to pathologic fractures of long bones and vertebrae as well as painful hands and feet. Very few cases have been earlier reported in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232194/persistent-ventricular-bigeminy-during-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-report-of-an-11-year-old-child
#20
Sheetal Dalal, Vikas Chaudhari
An 11-year-old male child with fractures in both bones in his left forearm presented for open reduction and internal fixation. The pre-anesthetic check-up and investigations did not reveal any pre-existing underlying cardio-respiratory disease. The patient had an uneventful peri-operative period during the operation and was comfortable without any anxiety or restlessness. After an uneventful induction and intubation as per routine protocol, the patient received 600 mg of amoxicillin+clavunate intravenously as an antibiotic...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
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