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Continual medical education type 2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599648/surgeons-knowledge-regarding-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Bing-Qi Li, Li Wang, Jian Li, Li Zhou, Tai-Ping Zhang, Jun-Chao Guo, Yu-Pei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is rare but highly malignant. Studies have shown that surgeons' knowledge closely links to the correct diagnosis and treatment outcomes of pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to survey current surgeons' knowledge regarding pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 705 surgeons who attended the 2011 China Surgical Week's meeting in Beijing. A questionnaire regarding the risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of pancreatic cancer was used...
June 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589173/prevalence-impact-and-management-practice-of-dysmenorrhea-among-university-of-gondar-students-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Minaleshewa Biruk Gebeyehu, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Dagmawi Abate Andarge, Yabsira Belayneh Debay, Geremew Sokile Bejiga, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is an important health problem of adolescents in school, as well as health practitioners, that badly affects the daily activities and quality of life. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and assess its management practice among University of Gondar students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April 06 to May 08, 2016, on female students of University of Gondar. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe and assess the association between different variables...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574154/what-role-could-community-pharmacists-in-malaysia-play-in-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support-the-views-of-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
E Lyn Lee, Pei Se Wong, Ming Yeong Tan, Janie Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the experiences and views of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) on their diabetes self-management and potential roles for community pharmacists in diabetes self-management education and support (DSME/S) in Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative study, using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews, was conducted with patients with T2D attending a primary care health clinic in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed inductively...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573408/practical-recommendations-for-transitioning-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-from-hospital-to-home
#4
REVIEW
Amy C Donihi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide practical evidence-based recommendations for transitioning hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) to home. RECENT FINDINGS: Hospitalized patients who have newly diagnosed or poorly controlled T2DM require initiation or intensification of their outpatient diabetes regimen. Potential barriers to medication access and continuity of care should be identified early in the hospitalization. Throughout hospitalization, patients should receive diabetes education focused on basic survival skills and tailored to learning needs...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538457/patterns-of-opioid-prescribing-for-an-orthopaedic-trauma-population
#6
John Ruder, Meghan K Wally, McKell Oliverio, Rachel B Seymour, Joseph R Hsu
OBJECTIVES: To determine opioid-prescribing practices to the orthopaedic trauma (OT) population at one Level I trauma center. DESIGN: A retrospective study of discharge prescriptions for adult patients with OT. Prescription details, injury burden, and patient demographics were abstracted for patients from initial injury through a 2-month follow-up. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with OT admitted over a 30-day period (n = 110)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537860/global-skin-diseases-on-instagram-hashtags
#7
Taylor Braunberger, Jessica Mounessa, Kyle Rudningen, Cory A Dunnick, Robert P Dellavalle
Recently named one of the most influential phone applications, Instagram continues to grow in popularity [1]. Instagram consists of images and video posts, making it ideal for education and communication within the visual field of dermatology. In this study, we seek to determine the presence of dermatology-related content with regard to the most common cutaneous diseases of the world. We searched the account types and hashtags associated with the eight most common skin diseases globally as identified by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study by Hollenstein et al...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529546/disease-management-programs-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-germany-a-longitudinal-population-based-descriptive-study
#8
Michael Mehring, Ewan Donnachie, Florian Cornelius Bonke, Christoph Werner, Antonius Schneider
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of the disease management program (DMP) for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 is to improve the quality of health care and the treatment process. 12 years after its introduction in Germany, there is still no consensus as to whether DMP has been effective in reaching these goals. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal population-based study between 2004 and 2015 were conducted to evaluate the DMP for type 2 diabetes in Bavaria using routinely collected patient medical records hold from the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians of Bavaria...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#9
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
July 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460994/erectile-dysfunction-treatment-following-radical-cystoprostatectomy-analysis-of-a-nationwide-insurance-claims-database
#10
Meera R Chappidi, Max Kates, Nikolai A Sopko, Gregory A Joice, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Phillip M Pierorazio, Trinity J Bivalacqua
INTRODUCTION: To improve care for patients after radical cystoprostatectomy (RCP), focus on survivorship issues such as sexual function needs to increase. Previous studies have demonstrated the burden of erectile dysfunction (ED) after RCP to be as high as 89%. AIM: To determine the rates of ED treatment use (phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, injectable therapies, urethral suppositories, vacuum erection devices, and penile prosthetics) in patients with bladder cancer before and after RCP to better understand current patterns of care...
June 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448779/effect-of-a-pharmacist-led-program-on-improving-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-northern-cyprus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Eylem Ilktac Korcegez, Mesut Sancar, Kutay Demirkan
BACKGROUND: The management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is complex, requiring continuous medical care by health care professionals and considerable self-care efforts by patients. Pharmacist-led care programs have been shown to help patients with diabetes succeed in achieving treatment goals and improving outcomes. Pharmacist-led care is a new health care concept in Northern Cyprus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-led care program on glycemic control, determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), and secondarily on blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, medication adherence, and self-care activities, for patients with type 2 diabetes over a 12-month period...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406971/association-between-physicians-interaction-with-pharmaceutical-companies-and-their-clinical-practices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Hneine Brax, Racha Fadlallah, Lina Al-Khaled, Lara A Kahale, Hala Nas, Fadi El-Jardali, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical company representatives likely influence the prescribing habits and professional behaviors of physicians. The objective of this study was to systematically review the association between physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies and their clinical practices. METHODS: We used the standard systematic review methodology. Observational and experimental study designs examining any type of targeted interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405339/ethiopian-patients-perceptions-of-anti-diabetic-medications-implications-for-diabetes-education
#14
Bruck Messele Habte, Tedla Kebede, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Heather Boon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to explore medication-related perceptions of adult patients with type 2 diabetes attending treatment in public hospitals of urban centers in central Ethiopia. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were held with 39 participants selected to represent a range of treatment experiences and socio-demographic characteristics who were attending their treatment in 3 public hospitals. Interviews continued until key themes were saturated...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330731/diabetes-self-management-education-and-medical-nutrition-therapy-improve-patient-outcomes-a-pilot-study-documenting-the-efficacy-of-registered-dietitian-nutritionist-interventions-through-retrospective-chart-review
#15
Patricia Z Marincic, Amie Hardin, Maria V Salazar, Susan Scott, Shirley X Fan, Philippe R Gaillard
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and medical nutrition therapy (MNT) improve patient outcomes; poor reimbursement limits access to care. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop methodology for tracking patient outcomes subsequent to registered dietitian nutritionist interventions, document outcomes for patients with type 2 diabetes attending an American Diabetes Association-recognized program, and obtain outcome data to support reimbursement and public policy initiatives to improve patient access to DSME and MNT...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264822/understanding-clinician-influences-and-patient-perspectives-on-outpatient-discharge-decisions-a-qualitative-study
#17
N A Harun, A Y Finlay, V Piguet, S Salek
OBJECTIVE: To observe the influences on clinicians when discharging patients, to explore patients' perspectives concerning their discharge or follow-up decision and to identify what patients think is important for clinicians to consider when taking a discharge decision. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving observations of consultations and semistructured interviews with outpatients. SETTING: National Health Service outpatient clinics at a university hospital secondary referral centre...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252467/trends-in-national-emergency-medicine-conference-didactic-lectures-over-a-6-year-period
#18
Michael Gottlieb, Jeff Riddell, Abdoulie Njie
INTRODUCTION: National conference didactic lectures have traditionally featured hour-long lecture-based presentations. However, there is evidence that longer lectures can lead to both decreased attention and retention of information. The authors sought to identify trends in lecture duration, lecture types, and number of speakers at four national emergency medicine (EM) conferences over a 6-year period. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of the length, number of speakers, and format of didactic lectures at four different national EM conferences over 6 years...
January 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248690/responsiveness-of-myofascial-trigger-points-to-single-and-multiple-trigger-point-release-massages-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Albert F Moraska, Sarah J Schmiege, John D Mann, Nathan Butryn, Jason P Krutsch
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of single and multiple massage treatments on pressure-pain threshold (PPT) at myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in people with myofascial pain syndrome expressed as tension-type headache. DESIGN: Individuals (n = 62) with episodic or chronic tension-type headache were randomized to receive 12 twice-weekly 45-min massage or sham ultrasound sessions or wait-list control. Massage focused on trigger point release (ischemic compression) of MTrPs in the bilateral upper trapezius and suboccipital muscles...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225460/professional-development-perceptions-and-practices-among-u-s-physicians-a-cross-specialty-national-survey
#20
David A Cook, Morris J Blachman, David W Price, Colin P West, Richard A Berger, Christopher M Wittich
PURPOSE: Professional development (PD)-both for-credit continuing medical education (CME) and informal self-directed or point-of-care learning-is vital to all physicians. The authors sought to understand physicians' PD perceptions and practices and how these vary by specialty and practice type. METHOD: The authors administered an Internet and paper survey, from September 2015 to April 2016, to randomly sampled U.S. physicians. Survey items addressed perceived PD needs and barriers and how physicians identify knowledge/skills gaps...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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