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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#1
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822920/are-frailty-components-associated-with-disability-in-specific-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-multicenter-canadian-study
#2
Véronique Provencher, François Béland, Louise Demers, Johanne Desrosiers, Nathalie Bier, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Claude Galand, Dominic Julien, John D Fletcher, Lise Trottier, Benyahia Hami
Current studies show the relevance of geriatric prevention and rehabilitation programs to slow down the development of disability in community-dwelling older adults who are becoming frail. This evidence reveals the importance of improving knowledge on how individual components of frailty and specific disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) are related, to offer early, targeted, and tailored interventions. The objective was to examine the association between each of the five frailty phenotype components (weakness, slowness, exhaustion, low physical activity, weight loss) and disability in specific ADL pertaining to physical aspects (bathing, dressing, cutting toe nails, transportation, shopping, housekeeping, food purchasing, food preparation) and cognitive aspects (finances, telephone, medication)...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822918/screening-for-frailty-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-predictive-validity-of-the-modified-sega-instrument
#3
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820949/association-between-patient-factors-and-outcome-of-synthetic-cartilage-implant-hemiarthroplasty-vs-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#4
Andy Goldberg, Dishan Singh, Mark Glazebrook, Chris M Blundell, Gwyneth De Vries, Ian L D Le, Dominic Nielsen, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Anthony Sakellariou, Matthew Solan, Alastair S E Younger, Timothy R Daniels, Judith F Baumhauer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years with hallux rigidus grade 2, 3, or 4 were treated with synthetic cartilage implant MTPJ1 hemiarthroplasty or arthrodesis. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) sports and activities of daily living (ADL) scores, and Short Form-36 Physical Function (SF-36 PF) subscore were obtained preoperatively, and at 2, 6, 12, 24, 52, and 104 weeks postoperatively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820272/a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-after-unilateral-or-bilateral-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-age-and-sex-matched-cohort-study
#5
Benjamin D Kuhns, Charles P Hannon, Eric C Makhni, Jennifer Alter, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) have bilateral deformities and may require surgery for both hips. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes between patients who underwent bilateral hip arthroscopic surgery to a matched cohort of patients who underwent unilateral hip arthroscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopic surgery for FAI by a single fellowship-trained surgeon from January 2012 to January 2014 and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814838/post-acute-care-for-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#6
Chung-Liang Lai, Ming-Miau Tsai, Jia-Yuan Luo, Wan-Chun Liao, Pi-Shan Hsu, Han-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke often causes functional decline in patients. Therefore, after the acute phase, many patients require post-acute care (PAC) to maximize their functional progress, reduce disability, and make it possible for them to return to their home and community. PAC can be provided in different settings. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) proposed a PAC pilot program, effective since 2014, for stroke patients that allowed patients with the potential for functional improvement to receive PAC rehabilitation in regional or community hospitals...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814461/subcutaneous-immunoglobulin-in-myasthenia-gravis-exacerbation-a-prospective-open-label-trial
#7
Grayson Beecher, Dustin Anderson, Zaeem A Siddiqi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg) in patients with mild to moderate myasthenia gravis (MG) exacerbation. METHODS: We performed a prospective, open-label, phase 3 trial in patients with MG aged 18 years or older and mild to moderate worsening (transition from Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America class I to II/III or class II to III), treated with SCIg (2 g/kg), self-administered over 4 weeks...
August 16, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814052/grasp-specific-and-user-friendly-interface-design-for-myoelectric-hand-prostheses
#8
Alireza Mohammadi, Jim Lavranos, Rob Howe, Peter Choong, Denny Oetomo
This paper presents the design and characterisation of a hand prosthesis and its user interface, focusing on performing the most commonly used grasps in activities of daily living (ADLs). Since the operation of a multi-articulated powered hand prosthesis is difficult to learn and master, there is a significant rate of abandonment by amputees in preference for simpler devices. In choosing so, amputees chose to live with fewer features in their prosthesis that would more reliably perform the basic operations...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814038/design-and-preliminary-assessment-of-vanderbilt-hand-exoskeleton
#9
Benjamin W Gasser, Daniel A Bennett, Christina M Durrough, Michael Goldfarb
This paper presents the design of a hand exoskeleton intended to enable or facilitate bimanual activities of daily living (ADLs) for individuals with chronic upper extremity hemiparesis resulting from stroke. The paper describes design of the battery-powered, self-contained exoskeleton and presents the results of initial testing with a single subject with hemiparesis from stroke. Specifically, an experiment was conducted requiring the subject to repeatedly remove the lid from a water bottle both with and without the hand exoskeleton...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813980/human-mimetic-forearm-mechanism-towards-bionic-arm
#10
Minsang Seo, Hogyun Kim, Youngjin Choi
The paper presents a mechanical forearm mechanism to extend the pronation and supination (P/S) movement of the trans-radial amputee when he/she is able to conduct the P/S motion partially with his/her remaining forearm. The P/S motions of the existing prostheses and robotic arms developed till now are completely different from those of the human. When we are to develop the robotic prostheses for the amputees, two important issues should be considered such as cosmetic issue to look like normal arm and motion harmony issue between robotic prosthesis and the amputated living arm...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813948/robotic-assistance-for-performing-vocational-rehabilitation-activities-using-baxbot
#11
Kyle Ashley, Redwan Alqasemi, Rajiv Dubey
Activities of Daily Living (ADL's) refer to tasks that people do on a daily basis, such as self-feeding, cleaning the house, or bathing. These activities often require a degree of functional mobility that may be outside the ability of a person suffering from cognitive or physical impairment. This work describes methods of performing ADL's with a mobile robotic system. We examined the needs of potential users and caregivers through surveys to determine the most needed applications for robotic assistance. Using this information, we extended the functionality of our BaxBot mobile robotic system to provide meaningful, autonomous assistance in performing three specific ADL's with minimal user interaction...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813937/towards-quantifying-dynamic-human-human-physical-interactions-for-robot-assisted-stroke-therapy
#12
Mayumi Mohan, Rochelle Mendonca, Michelle J Johnson
Human-Robot Interaction is a prominent field of robotics today. Knowledge of human-human physical interaction can prove vital in creating dynamic physical interactions between human and robots. Most of the current work in studying this interaction has been from a haptic perspective. Through this paper, we present metrics that can be used to identify if a physical interaction occurred between two people using kinematics. We present a simple Activity of Daily Living (ADL) task which involves a simple interaction...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813910/reference-path-generation-for-upper-arm-exoskeletons-considering-scapulohumeral-rhythms
#13
Rana Soltani-Zarrin, Amin Zeiaee, Reza Langari, Nina Robson
This paper proposes a reference path generation method for upper-limb rehabilitation exoskeletons considering the scapulohumeral rhythms of the shoulder. The developed method is based on Central Nervous System's (CNS) governing rules for coordination of arm motions, and to the best of our knowledge is the first computational model to consider the motion of the inner shoulder in path generation. Existing reference generation methods which utilize computational models such as minimum jerk, minimum torque, etc, are based on the assumption that the shoulder joint does not move, and the origin of the reference frame is defined at the center of the glenohumeral (GH) joint...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813891/quantitative-assessment-of-paretic-limb-dexterity-and-interlimb-coordination-during-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-training
#14
Chang Xu, Siyi Li, Kui Wang, Zengguang Hou, Ningbo Yu
In neuro-rehabilitation after stroke, the conventional constrained induced movement therapy (CIMT) has been well-accepted. Existing bilateral trainings are mostly on mirrored symmetrical motion. However, complementary bilateral movements are dominantly involved in activities of daily living (ADLs), and functional bilateral therapies may bring better skill transfer from trainings to daily life. Neurophysiological evidence is also growing. In this work, we firstly introduce our bilateral arm training system realized with a haptic interface and a motion sensor, as well as the tasks that have been designed to train both the manipulation function of the paretic arm and coordination of bilateral upper limbs...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813871/clinical-effectiveness-of-combined-virtual-reality-and-robot-assisted-fine-hand-motion-rehabilitation-in-subacute-stroke-patients
#15
Xianwei Huang, Fazel Naghdy, Golshah Naghdy, Haiping Du
Robot-assisted therapy is regarded as an effective and reliable method for the delivery of highly repetitive rehabilitation training in restoring motor skills after a stroke. This study focuses on the rehabilitation of fine hand motion skills due to their vital role in performing delicate activities of daily living (ADL) tasks. The proposed rehabilitation system combines an adaptive assist-as-needed (AAN) control algorithm and a Virtual Reality (VR) based rehabilitation gaming system (RGS). The developed system is described and its effectiveness is validated through clinical trials on a group of eight subacute stroke patients for a period of six weeks...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813845/an-assistance-device-to-help-people-with-trunk-impairment-maintain-posture
#16
Tomoka Ogura, Taku Itami, Ken'ichi Yano, Ichidai Mori, Kazuhiro Kameda
People with trunk impairment cannot lean forward because of the dysfunction of the trunk resulting from events such as cervical cord injury (CCI). It is therefore difficult for such people to work at a table because they may easily fall from their wheelchair, and it is also hard for them to return to their original position. This limits the activities of daily living (ADLs) of people with trunk impairment. These problems can be solved to some extent with equipment such as a wheelchair belt or a spinal orthosis that can help the person to maintain his or her posture...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809654/family-caregiver-training-program-fctp-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Kristin Winston, Sandra L Winkler, Mary L Donovan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Family Caregiver Training Program (FCTP) for caregivers of people with dementia. METHOD: A random assignment control group research design with a 3-mo follow-up was implemented. RESULTS: Thirty-six family caregivers of people with dementia demonstrated an increase in activity of daily living (ADL) knowledge (p < .001) and maintenance of that knowledge 3 mo posttest...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808464/success-rate-and-time-for-bypassing-the-fractured-segments-of-four-niti-rotary-instruments
#18
Alireza Adl, Arash Shahravan, Melika Farshad, Shahab Honar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the success rate and time required for bypassing the fractured segments of four different nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary systems. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was conducted on the mesiobuccal canals of 60 mandibular molars with fully-formed apices. Fifteen Flex Master, K3, RaCe and Hero Shaper instruments with 0.04 taper and tip size of #30 and 25 mm in length, were obtained. These instruments were notched at a point 3 mm from the tip of the instrument and were driven into the canals using a handpiece until the instruments fractured and became lodged therein...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808458/effect-of-propylene-glycol-on-the-sealing-ability-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-calcium-enriched-mixture-cement-apical-barriers
#19
Alireza Adl, Fereshte Sobhnamayan, Nooshin Sadat Shojaee, Fateme Tahmasebi Azad, Mohsen Bahmani
INTRODUCTION: Propylene glycol (PG) improves the handling, physical, and chemical properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PG on the sealing ability of MTA and calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) apical barriers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 70 extracted human maxillary single-rooted teeth were prepared using ProTaper rotary system. The apical 3 mm of the root tips were resected and the root canals were enlarged with Peeso reamers up to #4, to create open apex teeth...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805094/how-balance-task-specific-training-contributes-to-improving-physical-function-in-older-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Roberto Brunati, Antonio Capone, Giulia Pagliari, Claudio Secci, Giovanni Zatti, Simona Ferrante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitation programme including balance task-specific training in improving physical function, pain, activities of daily living (ADL), balance and quality of life in subjects after a hip fracture. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: A total of 52 older subjects selected for internal fixation due to extra-capsular hip fracture were randomized to be included in an experimental ( n = 26) and control group ( n = 26)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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