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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541396/prospective-disability-in-different-combinations-of-somatic-and-mental-multimorbidity
#1
Ana R Quiñones, Sheila Markwardt, Stephen Thielke, Ola Rostant, Elizabeth Vásquez, Anda Botoseneanu
BACKGROUND.: Multimorbidity (multiple co-occurring chronic conditions) may be an important contributor to disability and poor health-related quality of life. The functional consequences of specific combinations of somatic and mental health conditions are unclear. METHODS.: Nationally-representative prospective cohort study using the National Health and Aging Trends Study data of Medicare beneficiaries. We included 4,017 participants aged 65 years or older interviewed in 2013 and 2014...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539302/diversity-in-older-adults-use-of-the-internet-identifying-subgroups-through-latent-class-analysis
#2
Leonieke C van Boekel, Sebastiaan Tm Peek, Katrien G Luijkx
BACKGROUND: As for all individuals, the Internet is important in the everyday life of older adults. Research on older adults' use of the Internet has merely focused on users versus nonusers and consequences of Internet use and nonuse. Older adults are a heterogeneous group, which may implicate that their use of the Internet is diverse as well. Older adults can use the Internet for different activities, and this usage can be of influence on benefits the Internet can have for them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the diversity or heterogeneity in the activities for which older adults use the Internet and determine whether diversity is related to social or health-related variables...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537337/relationship-between-sensory-perception-and-frailty-in-a-community-dwelling-elderly-population
#3
S Somekawa, T Mine, K Ono, N Hayashi, S Obuchi, H Yoshida, H Kawai, Y Fujiwara, H Hirano, M Kojima, K Ihara, H Kim
BACKGROUND: Aging anorexia, defined as loss of appetite and/or reduced food intake, has been postulated as a risk factor for frailty. Impairments of taste and smell perception in elderly people can lead to reduced enjoyment of food and contribute to the anorexia of aging. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between frailty and taste and smell perception in elderly people living in urban areas. DESIGN: Data from the baseline evaluation of 768 residents aged ≥ 65 years who enrolled in a comprehensive geriatric health examination survey was analyzed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527731/the-effect-of-activities-of-daily-living-on-the-self-care-agency-of-patients-in-a-cardiovascular-surgery-clinic
#4
Papatya Karakurt, Necla Kasimoğlu, Aybike Bahçeli, Sebahat Atalikoğlu Başkan, Burcu Ağdemir
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally, and nurses have a crucial role in informing cardiovascular disease patients about their diseases. The aim of the present study was to identify the effect of activities of daily living on the self-care agency of patients in a cardiovascular surgery clinic. This descriptive study was conducted between June 2014 and January 2015 with 180 patients hospitalized in the cardiovascular surgery clinic of a university hospital in the province of Erzincan in the Eastern region of Turkey...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521582/long-term-performance-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-iadl-in-young-and-middle-aged-stroke-survivors-results-from-sahlsis-outcome
#5
Charlotte Blomgren, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christian Blomstrand, Lisbeth Claesson
BACKGROUND: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. AIM: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481408/the-physical-and-cognitive-performance-test-for-residents-in-assisted-living-facilities
#6
Mary Elizabeth Bowen, Meredeth Rowe, Mary Ersek, Said Ibrahim, Judy A Shea
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new performance-based instrument (Physical and Cognitive Performance Test for Assisted Living Facilities (PCPT ALF)) designed to assess the physical and cognitive skills associated with performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). DESIGN: There were three stages in this study: development of instrument items and validity testing, a feasibility pilot study, and a cross-sectional trial to establish construct and criterion validity and reliability...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463657/instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-after-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#7
Ramona O Hopkins, Mary R Suchyta, Biren B Kamdar, Emily Darowski, James C Jackson, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Poor functional status is common after critical illness, and can adversely impact intensive care unit (ICU) survivors' abilities to live independently. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), which encompass complex tasks necessary for independent living are a particularly important component of post-ICU functional outcome. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of studies evaluating IADLs in survivors of critical illness. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, and Web of Science for all relevant English-language studies published through December 31, 2016...
May 2, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462387/detecting-functional-decline-from-normal-aging-to-dementia-development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-amsterdam-iadl-questionnaire
#8
Roos J Jutten, Carel F W Peeters, Sophie M J Leijdesdorff, Pieter Jelle Visser, Andrea B Maier, Caroline B Terwee, Philip Scheltens, Sietske A M Sikkes
INTRODUCTION: Detecting functional decline from normal aging to dementia is relevant for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Therefore, the Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire (A-IADL-Q) was developed: a 70-item proxy-based tool with good psychometric properties. We aimed to design a short version while preserving its psychometric quality. METHODS: Study partners of subjects (n = 1355), ranging from cognitively normal to dementia subjects, completed the original A-IADL-Q...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455547/associations-of-sleep-disturbance-with-physical-function-and-cognition-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#9
Kah Poh Loh, Chintan Pandya, Jason Zittel, Sindhuja Kadambi, Marie Flannery, Natalie Reizine, Allison Magnuson, Giovanna Braganza, Karen Mustian, William Dale, Paul Duberstein, Supriya Gupta Mohile
PURPOSE: Although sleep disturbances are common in older adults, studies evaluating the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its influence on functional outcomes in older adults with cancer are few. In this study, we examined the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its association with physical function and cognition in older adults with cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of patients who were referred and evaluated in the Specialized Oncology Care & Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinics at the Universities of Rochester and Chicago from May 2011 to October 2015...
April 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454521/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-social-participation-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#10
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people's health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age effect between SP and older people's health. To investigate whether the association between SP, including paid work, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), exhibits not only in gender, but also in age among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2014, we distributed self-administered questionnaires to all community-dwelling elderly aged ≥65 in two medium-sized cities in Nara Prefecture, Japan (n = 32,825)...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453606/determinants-of-change-in-objectively-assessed-sleep-duration-among-older-men
#11
Stephen F Smagula, Stephanie Harrison, Jane A Cauley, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Peggy M Cawthon, Steve Cummings, Katie L Stone
We examined potential risk factors for changes in objectively assessed sleep duration within a large sample of community-dwelling older men. Participants (n = 1,055; mean baseline age = 74.6 (standard deviation (SD), 4.7) years) had repeated ActiGraph assessments (ActiGraph LLC, Pensacola, Florida) taken at the baseline (2003-2005) and follow-up (2009-2012) waves of the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study (an ancillary study to the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study conducted in 6 US communities)...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453478/functional-reserve-experience-participating-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-is-associated-with-gender-and-functional-independence-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#12
Courtney Berezuk, Konstantine K Zakzanis, Joel Ramirez, Anthony C Ruocco, Jodi D Edwards, Brandy L Callahan, Sandra E Black
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease may be explained by gender differences in IADL involvement. OBJECTIVE: We introduce a novel theoretical construct, termed functional reserve, and empirically examine gender differences in IADL experience as a proxy of this reserve. METHODS: We cross-sectionally examined men (n = 502) and women (n = 340) with MCI from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443508/nutritional-deficiency-in-early-life-facilitates-aging-associated-cognitive-decline
#13
Yu Kang, Yun Zhang, Zijuan Feng, Mingjing Liu, Yanhua Li, Huan Yang, Dan Wang, Lingling Zheng, Dandan Lou, Liangping Cheng, Chunjiang Chen, Weitao Zhou, Yi Feng, Xiaoyong Li, Jianzhong Duan, Mengjiao Yu, Shou Yang, Yuhang Liu, Xin Wang, Bo Deng, Chenghui Liu, Xiuqing Yao, Chi Zhu, Chunrong Liang, Xiaolong Zeng, Sisi Ren, Qunying Li, Yin Zhong, Yong Zhang, Jun Kang, Yong Yan, Huaqing Meng, Zhaohui Zhong, Weihui Zhou, Yanjiang Wang, Tingyu Li, Weihong Song
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is important for the fetal developmental programming. Nutritional deficiency in early life could increase the susceptibility to many aging-related disorders including cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to investigate the effect of early famine exposure on aging-associated cognitive function. METHODS: We recruited 6790 subjects born between 1956 to 1964 during which the Great Chinese Famine occurred (1959-1961)...
April 24, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437525/visual-impairment-undercorrected-refractive-errors-and-activity-limitations-in-older-adults-findings-from-the-three-city-alienor-study
#14
Virginie Naël, Karine Pérès, Isabelle Carrière, Vincent Daien, Anne-Catherine Scherlen, Angelo Arleo, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cécile Delcourt, Catherine Helmer
Purpose: As vision is required in almost all activities of daily living, visual impairment (VI) may be one of the major treatable factors for preventing activity limitations. We aimed to evaluate the attributable risk of VI associated with activity limitations and the extent to which limitations are avoidable with optimal optical correction of undercorrected refractive errors. Methods: We analyzed 709 older adults from the Three-City-Alienor population-based study...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432547/health-related-quality-of-life-and-diabetes-self-care-activity-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-in-korea
#15
Hacksun Kim, Kisook Kim
A critical goal in the management of elderly patients with diabetes is to improve their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to identify the factors affecting HRQOL in elderly Korean patients with diabetes. Participants were 365 elderly patients with diabetes who were treated in a general hospital in Korea. The data were analysed using independent t-tests, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression. The mean total HRQOL score was 74.77, and HRQOL showed positive correlations with activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities (SDSA)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427049/predictive-validity-of-two-physical-frailty-phenotype-specifications-developed-for-investigation-of-frailty-pathways-in-older-people
#16
Yew Yoong Ding
BACKGROUND: For investigating the relationship of frailty with physical, psychological, and social conditions on pathways, the frailty definition should ideally exclude these conditions. Based on the frailty phenotype, 2 candidate physical frailty specifications or instruments with 3 indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion, and 4 indicators with addition of weight loss were previously developed, and had their construct and concurrent validity demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of 2 candidate physical frailty specifications with respect to death, functional impairment, and poor quality of life in older people...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422306/development-of-a-novel-frailty-index-to-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#17
Jennifer C Lai, Kenneth E Covinsky, Jennifer L Dodge, W John Boscardin, Dorry L Segev, John P Roberts, Sandy Feng
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is characterized by muscle wasting, malnutrition, and functional decline that confer excess mortality not well quantified by the MELDNa score. We aimed to develop a frailty index to capture these extrahepatic complications of cirrhosis and enhance mortality prediction in cirrhotics. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients listed for LT at a single transplant center without MELD exceptions were assessed with candidate frailty measures. Best subset selection analyses with Cox regression identified subsets of frailty measures that predicted waitlist mortality (=death or delisting due to sickness)...
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419668/prevalence-and-associated-variables-of-postdialysis-fatigue-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#18
Maurizio Bossola, Emanuele Marzetti, Enrico Di Stasio, Tania Monteburini, Stefano Cenerelli, Katia Mazzoli, Emanuele Parodi, Vittorio Sirolli, Stefano Santarelli, Fabio Ippoliti, Pier Eugenio Nebiolo, Mario Bonomini, Roberta Melatti, Carlo Vulpio
AIMS: Little is known about postdialysis fatigue (PDF), a debilitating symptom of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In 5 hemodialysis units of northern-centre Italy, patients were regarded to suffer from PDF if they spontaneously offered this complaint when asked the open-ended question: Do you feel better or worse after dialysis? If worse, please specify in which way. A complaint of fatigue would be probed further with questions directed at its duration, frequency and intensity, allowing creation of a fatigue index of severity (one third of the sum of these three parameters, each rated from 1 to 5)...
April 17, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415035/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-and-functional-state-the-korean-urban-rural-elderly-kure-study
#19
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Katherine M Stefani, Ju-Mi Lee, Young Mi Yoon, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Functional state and cholesterol metabolism are important for older adults; however, this association has not been fully investigated among community-dwelling older adults. Thus, we investigated the association of HDL cholesterol with multiple functional state measures in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 3514 participants, aged 65 years or older, who participated in baseline health assessment for the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study from 2012 to 2015...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408941/clinical-evaluation-of-acupuncture-as-treatment-for-complications-of-cerebrovascular-accidents-a-randomized-sham-controlled-subject-and-assessor-blind-trial
#20
Hsien-Yin Liao, Wen-Chao Ho, Chun-Chung Chen, Jaung-Geng Lin, Chia-Chi Chang, Liang-Yu Chen, De-Chih Lee, Yu-Chen Lee
Background and Purpose. The effect of acupuncture as treatment for poststroke complications is questionable. We performed a randomized, sham-controlled double-blind study to investigate it. Methods. Patients with first-time acute stroke were randomized to receive 24 sessions of either real or sham acupuncture during an eight-week period. The primary outcome measure was change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. Secondary outcome measures included changes in Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain scores...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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