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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213762/association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-urinary-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Zuzanna Tkaczynska, Andrea Pilotto, Sara Becker, Susanne Gräber-Sultan, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
Urinary dysfunction (UD) is a common non-motor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), and might be secondary to neurodegeneration involving cortical and subcortical brain areas. The possible link between UD and cognitive deficits has never been examined in frontal cortex impairment, and is still not completely understood in PD. In the present study, 94 PD patients underwent a comprehensive motor, cognitive and non-motor assessment. It was shown that 55.3% of patients reported UD, of which 17% needed specific urological treatment...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207341/visual-loss-and-subsequent-activity-limitations-in-the-elderly-the-french-three-city-cohort
#3
Karine Pérès, Fanny Matharan, Vincent Daien, Virginie Nael, Arlette Edjolo, Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson, Karen Ritchie, Christophe Tzourio, Cécile Delcourt, Isabelle Carrière
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between vision and disability in the elderly. METHODS: We used a baseline visual indicator (combining near acuity with Snellen equivalent < 20/30 and self-reported distance visual loss) to explore the association between visual loss and subsequent disability (mobility, instrumental activities of daily living [IADLs], ADLs, and participation restriction) from 1999 to 2007 in 8491 elderly participants of the French Three-City Cohort (Bordeaux, Dijon, and Montpellier)...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182146/multiple-diabetic-complications-as-well-as-impaired-physical-and-mental-function-are-associated-with-declining-balance-function-in-older-persons-with-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Xiufang Hong, Xujiao Chen, Jiaojiao Chu, Shanshan Shen, Qichen Chai, Gaobo Lou, Lingyan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in balance function between older persons with and without diabetes mellitus (DM), and to identify whether mediating factors, such as diabetic complications, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) score, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, as well as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), are associated with balance function in older persons with DM...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174451/the-effects-a-respiration-rehabilitation-program-on-iadl-satisfaction-with-leisure-and-quality-of-sleep-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Hye-Won Oh, Soo-Han Kim, Ko-Un Kim
[Purpose] This study was designed to determine the effect of a respiration rehabilitation program on daily activities, satisfaction with leisure, and quality of sleep of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. [Subjects and Methods] The program was conducted three times a week for 12 weeks (a total of 36 times) with 20 patients aged between 50 and 70 years old. The Frenchay Activity Index was used to determine the instrumental activities of daily living before and after the intervention. The Korean scale of satisfaction with leisure was employed to determine the satisfaction with leisure, and the Korean version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to measure the quality of sleep...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168689/effect-of-physical-activity-on-self-reported-disability-in-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study
#6
Todd M Manini, Daniel P Beavers, Marco Pahor, Jack M Guralnik, Bonnie Spring, Timothy S Church, Abby C King, Sara C Folta, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured, moderate intensity physical activity (PA) program is more effective than a health education (HE) program in reducing the risk of s elf-reported dependency and disability in basic activities of daily living (BADLs), disability in instrumental ADLs (IADL), and mobility disability. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, single-blinded randomized trial...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165615/brain-mri-markers-associate-differentially-with-cognitive-versus-functional-decline-leading-to-dementia
#7
Vincentius J A Verlinden, Jos N van der Geest, Albert Hofman, Wiro J Niessen, Aad van der Lugt, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram
BACKGROUND: Brain MRI-markers are risk factors of dementia and decline in cognition and daily functioning. It is unknown to what extent the associations of brain MRI-markers with cognition and daily functioning are part of the pathway leading to dementia. We aimed to investigate associations of brain MRI-markers with change in cognition and daily functioning during 15 years of follow-up, including their relation to dementia. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and sixty three stroke-free and non-demented participants from the population-based Rotterdam Study that underwent brain-MRI, yielding brain volumetrics, between 1995 and 1996...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159513/functional-status-decline-in-older-patients-with-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-after-cancer-treatment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Doris van Abbema, Arnée van Vuuren, Franchette van den Berkmortel, Marjan van den Akker, Laura Deckx, Frank Buntinx, Roel van Kampen, Els Lambooij, Maaike de Boer, Judith de Vos-Geelen, Vivianne C Tjan-Heijnen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to disentangle the impact of age and that of cancer diagnosis and treatment on functional status (FS) decline in older patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with breast and colorectal cancer aged 50-69years and aged ≥70years who had undergone surgery, and older patients without cancer aged ≥70years were included. FS was assessed at baseline and after 12months follow-up, using the Katz index for activities of daily living (ADL) and the Lawton scale for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156182/effects-of-simulated-low-vision-on-postural-adjustment-to-changes-in-center-of-mass-in-older-adults
#9
Al Copolillo, Ann Christopher, Amanda Lyons
This study examined how instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) performed by older adults under low-vision simulation conditions affect postural adjustments to changes in center of mass (COM). Ten participants with normal vision performed seven activities under two conditions, normal vision, and simulated macular degeneration (MD). Postural adjustment to changes in COM and time to complete activities were recorded. Low vision was compared to normal vision using Wilcoxon signed rank and t tests. Differences between the two conditions were statistically significant for postural adjustments to change in COM and time...
February 3, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150189/development-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-iadl-in-patients-with-brain-tumors-a-pilot-study
#10
Q Oort, L Dirven, W Meijer, S A M Sikkes, B M J Uitdehaag, J C Reijneveld, M J B Taphoorn
Both dementia and brain tumor patients exhibit cognitive decline during the course of their disease. They might therefore experience similar problems with cognitively complex daily activities (i.e., instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)). The study's objective is to evaluate if the Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire(©) (A-IADL-Q), a 70-item IADL questionnaire developed for and validated in early dementia patients, is also applicable to glioma patients. The evaluation consisted of three steps. Predetermined decision rules defined which activities were retained, altered, added or excluded...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137403/locomotive-syndrome-in-the-elderly-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-brazilian-validation-of-the-tool-25-question-geriatric-locomotive-function-scale
#11
Daniela Regina Brandão Tavares, Fania Cristina Santos
OBJECTIVE: The term Locomotive Syndrome refers to conditions in which the elderly are at high risk of inability to ambulate due to problems in locomotor system. For Locomotive Syndrome screening, the 25-Question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale was created. The objective here was to translate, adapt culturally to Brazil, and study the psychometric properties of 25-Question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale. METHOD: The translation and cultural adaptation of 25-Question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale were carried out, thus resulting in GLFS 25-P, whose psychometric properties were analyzed in a sample of 100 elderly subjects...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122269/predictors-of-decline-in-iadl-functioning-among-older-survivors-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-prospective-study
#12
Toru Tsuboya, Jun Aida, Hiroyuki Hikichi, S V Subramanian, Katsunori Kondo, Ken Osaka, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: We described associations between the type of disaster experience and change in instrumental activities of daily living among older adult survivors before-after a terrible disaster. METHODS: The study took advantage of a "natural experiment" afforded by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), a nationwide cohort study established in 2010, seven months prior to the earthquake and tsunami. A follow-up survey was conducted in 2013. This study was conducted in Iwanuma, which was directly struck by tsunami...
January 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112771/minimal-important-change-and-minimal-detectable-change-in-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-living-older-people
#13
J J Suijker, M van Rijn, G Ter Riet, E P Moll van Charante, S E de Rooij, B M Buurman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the minimal important change (MIC) and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of the Katz-activities of daily living (ADL) index score and the Lawton instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) scale. DESIGN: Data from a cluster-randomized clinical trial and a cohort study. SETTING: General practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 3184 trial participants and 51 participants of the cohort study with a mean age of 80...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111420/a-follow-up-study-of-the-association-between-mobile-phone-use-and-symptoms-of-ill-health
#14
Yong Min Cho, Hee Jin Lim, Hoon Jang, Kyunghee Kim, Jae Wook Choi, Chol Shin, Seung Ku Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Nam Kim
Objectives: The duration and frequency of mobile phone calls, and their relationship with various health effects, have been investigated in our previous cross-sectional study. This two-year period follow-up study after aimed to assess the changes in these variables of same subjects. Methods: The study population comprised 532 non-patient adult subjects sampled from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. The subjects underwent a medical examination at a hospital in 2012/2013 and revisited the same hospital in 2014/2015 to have the same examination for the characteristics of mobile phone use performed...
December 29, 2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109287/how-useful-is-the-eq-5d-in-assessing-the-impact-of-caring-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Catherine Reed, Annabel Barrett, Jeremie Lebrec, Richard Dodel, Roy W Jones, Bruno Vellas, Anders Wimo, Josep Maria Argimon, Giuseppe Bruno, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: The impact on informal caregivers of caring for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia can be substantial, but it remains unclear which measures(s) best assess such impact. Our objective was to use data from the GERAS study to assess the ability of the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) to measure the impact on caregivers of caring for people with AD dementia and to examine correlations between EQ-5D and caregiver burden. METHODS: GERAS was a prospective, non-interventional cohort study in community-dwelling patients with AD dementia and their informal caregivers...
January 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108621/are-physical-measures-related-to-patient-centred-outcomes-in-ards-survivors
#16
Kitty S Chan, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Victor D Dinglas, Catherine L Hough, Carl Shanholtz, E Wesley Ely, Peter E Morris, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, James C Jackson, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
OBJECTIVE: To inform selection of physical measures for studies of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors within 12 months of ARDS. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 6-month survivors participating in a US multicentre prospective study (ARDSNet Long-Term Outcome Study, N=134) or a multisite prospective study in Baltimore, Maryland, USA (Improving Care of Acute Lung Injury Patients, N=99). Physical measures, assessed at 6-month follow-up, were categorised according to the WHO's International Classification of Disability and Health: body functions and structures, activity and participation...
January 20, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091402/geriatric-assessment-to-predict-survival-and-risk-of-serious-adverse-events-in-elderly-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-patients-a-multicenter-study-in-china
#17
Yu-Ping Zhong, Yi-Zhuo Zhang, Ai-Jun Liao, Su-Xia Li, Chen Tian, Jin Lu
BACKGROUND: Elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients often tend to suffer a variety of diseases, so the treatment of choice is very difficult for the elderly myeloma patients. The overall survival (OS) time and side effects with elderly patients are unclear in China. The study tried to find out the role of geriatric assessment in the Chinese elderly MM. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 628 newly diagnosed patients from six hospitals from June 2011 to June 2013...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090397/insights-about-fall-prevention-of-older-adults-in-the-state-of-hawai-i
#18
Yuka Yamazaki, Cullen T Hayashida, Valerie Yontz
The senior population in Hawai'i is growing at a dramatic pace. In the older population, falls and fall-related injuries are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, the health care costs for falls are very high. The State of Hawai'i has taken measures to prevent falls through the promotion of medication reviews, vision checks, home assessments, and exercise. However, current published examinations of fall preventive measures have been insufficient, and more research is needed to confirm risk factors, effectiveness of preventive measures, and to explore future objectives...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089376/chemotherapy-completion-in-elderly-women-with-ovarian-primary-peritoneal-or-fallopian-tube-cancer-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#19
Vivian E von Gruenigen, Helen Q Huang, Jan H Beumer, Heather A Lankes, William Tew, Thomas Herzog, Arti Hurria, Robert S Mannel, Tina Rizack, Lisa M Landrum, Peter G Rose, Ritu Salani, William H Bradley, Thomas J Rutherford, Robert V Higgins, Angeles Alvarez Secord, Gini Fleming
PURPOSE: A simple measure to predict chemotherapy tolerance in elderly patients would be useful. We prospectively tested the association of baseline Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) score with ability to complete 4 cycles of first line chemotherapy without dose reductions or >7days delay in elderly ovarian cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients' age ≥70 along with their physicians chose between two regimens: CP (Carboplatin AUC 5, Paclitaxel 135mg/m(2)) or C (Carboplatin AUC 5), both given every 3weeks either after primary surgery or as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with IADL and quality of life assessments performed at baseline, pre-cycle 3, and post-cycle 4...
January 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079633/criterion-referenced-values-of-grip-strength-and-usual-gait-speed-using-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-disability-as-the-criterion
#20
Meng-Chih Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Fen Tsai, Ching-Yu Chen, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ching-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current evidence suggests that grip strength and usual gait speed (UGS) are important predictors of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability. Knowing the optimum cut points of these tests for discriminating people with and without IADL disability could help clinicians or researchers to better interpret the test results and make medical decisions. The purpose of this study was to determine the cutoff values of grip strength and UGS for best discriminating community-dwelling older adults with and without IADL disability, separately for men and women, and to investigate their association with IADL disability...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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